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SUNDAY EVENTS IN BIG WAR.
The Germans and AustroHungarians
Sustain Heavy Losses in Northern '
Italy. Armistice Signed Between
Bolsheviki Government and Teu
Notwithstanding the terrible losses
they have sustained, the German and
Austro-Hungarian armies in the
mountainous region of northern Italy
continue their efforts to break the
Italian line and open a passageway to
theplains below. In france and Bel
gium there is little military activity,
except for small engagements by out
posts and raiding contingents and ar
tillery duels. The nearest approach to
attacks in force were made by the
Germans Saturday night in the Cham
pagne region of France, and to the
north of the Cnemin-Des-Dames. In
both of these the Germans were
?* worsted by the French. A small
British maneuver south of Cambrai
resulted in the capture of a few Ger
man prisoners and a machine gun.
Between the Brenta and Piave rivers
in the Italian highlands hard fighting
continues without cessation. The ene
my to the east of the Brenta has been
able, by throwing huge numbers of
men into the fray and seemingly dis
regarding the enormous casualties
that ar ? being inflicted upon him,, to
advance his lines to Caprille hill, a
dominating point at the head cf the
San Lorenzo valley, which leads to
the Venetian plains. Here, "however,
he has been forced to step under the
terrific defense of the Italians, who
evidently have massed their forces in
order to bar the way to a further ad
vance. In the valley itself and on the
slopes on either side of it, well-tried
Alpini regiments are stationed to
exact a heavy toll for every inch of
ground taken from them.
Prior to gaining the summit of Cap
rille the invaders twice were sum
marily repulsed, but for their final
attack they brought up heavy rein
forcements and valiant defenders were
compelled to give ground.
The agreement for an armistice be-'
tween the Bolsheviki government in
Russia and the Teutonic allies has been
signed. It will run from Monday until
January 14, and then will continue in
force automatically unless seven days'
notice of its discontinuance is given.
On the signing of an armistice peace
negotiations are to begin. ? Associated
NORFOLK SOUTHERN IS SHORT
Raleigh, Dec. 13. ? President J. H.
Young of the Norfolk Southern noti
fied the corporation commissioq this
evening that on account of the short
age of coal his railroad would be com
pelled to curtail its train schedule on
its lines in Virginia and North Car
olina until such time as it could ob
tain an adequate supply of fuel.
His road, he says, has not received
its full requirements of fuel for sev
eral months past and has only been
able ta maintain its full schedules by
drawing upon 8,000 tons of storage
coal which it was able to put on the
ground during the spring and cummer.
This supply is now entirely exausted
and the company is without coal at
some of its most important coaling
stations with a limited supply at the
remainder and practically no coal in
sight from the mines.
Report to the Chairman.
The State Director cf the War-Sav
ings Stamps compaign is desirous of
keeping up with the progress of the
work and asks each county chairman
to report to him every week how many
stamp# are being sold. He can not
kqep up with this unless the post
masters and banks keep him posted.
Mr. Ragsdale, the Johnston County
Chairman, asks those selling stamps
in this county to report to him the
number sold every Friday or Satur
day. In some places we understand
that the people are getting busy and
we expect good reports later on.
The Schools will soon take the mat
ter up and push it along. This can
not be done to a great extent until
after the schools open the spring ses
sion after the Christmas holidays.
FIFTY, FIFTY ,
An Apach" chirf in Utah reports
that 5,000 Apacho Indians will soon be
enlisted in the American army. When
Apache meets Hun, then should come
the tug of inhuman war. ? Kansas
THOSE WHO CREATE UNREST.
A London dispatch states that in
dustrial unrest in England is one of
the depressing and discouraging fea
tures of the war to be contended with.
The government's investigation into
the causo of it discloses the fact that
it is mainly the result of the ruinous
price? of foodstuffs and the extreme
difficulty of living.
The most effective aid that the ene
my is receiving is frcm the profiteers
who are taking advantage of the war
to make money. The profiteers in
England and America who are making
millions of people hungry and bitter
are none the less enemies of humanity
than the Prussian militarism that
sends ships to the bottom of the sea
with women and children. Starving
them is only another degree of inhu
While the patriotic people of Eng
land and America are raking and
scraping every cent they can spare to
aid their countries in war they are
also b?ng compelled to r;\ke and
scrape some more to enrich the prof
iteers. British crporations handling
meats and foodstuffs have been mak
ing the biggest profits in their history,
while some of those in America are
doing the same. Millions of people,
not able to help their countries to win
the war, nevertheless are compelled to
come across with their spare change
to pile up wealth for profiteers, who
are far more effective allies of the
Boches than are the Bolsheviki of
Russia. ? Wilmington Star.
NORFOLK HAS A BIG FIRE.
British-American Tobacco Company
at Norfolk Wiped Out and 5,000
Men Lose Employment.
Norfolk, Va., Dec. 16. ? The plant of
the British-American Tobacco Com
pany, romposod of two six-story
building, on Water street, was com
pletely wiped out by fire ^arly this
evening. The estimated loss is $500,
The fire originated on the second
floor of the new building, facing on
Water street and quickly spread to
the old structure in the rear. The
new building was completely de
stroyed. The old building was gutted.
An immense stock of tobacco and
several floors of cigarette machinery
Several explosions of bay rum early
after the discovery of the fire caused
the flames to spread rapidly. At one
time it looked like the United States
customs house would go and a guard
of marines was thrown about the
structure by request of officials.
The origin of the fire is a mystery.
Fire department Officials declare it
was probably the work of an incendi
ary. The entire plant was used for
the maunfacture of cigarettes for ex
portation to Europe. The entire force
of 5,000 will be thrown out of employ
NEW FORCE TO BE KNOWN
AS UNITED STATES GUARD
The United States Guard will be the
name of the 25,000 auxiliary force
of troops, authorized by the war de
partment, to supplement state and
oth6r forces now guarding war sup
plies, war industries and doing police
duty essential to the conduct of the
war, including patrol of water fronts.
President Wilson has signed the
order for organization of the force
and further orders were sent out
from the war department Thursday.
Forty battalions will be organized
to relieve regular troops, national
guard or other purely military units
of this guard duty.
The order prescribes that the force
be raised by voluntary enlistment or
draft. It is the purpose of the gov
ernment to make up of men not
available for war service at the front.
Volunteers will be accepted only be
tween the ages of 31 and 45. If re
sort to the draft is necessary men
placed in the special classes under the
new draft system as being fit for lim
ited military service only, will be used
to fill up the ranks.
The Herald as a Christmas Gift.
Would it not be a good idea to give
The Herald to your brother or sister,
your son or daughter, your husband
or wife, or to your friend as a Christ
mas present? It would cost you only
$1.50, and would furnish good reading
for a whole year. In this way you
can help The Herald and the person
to whom^you send it rs a gift. Try it.
A WARNING TO FOOD DEALERS.
Food Administration Is < Vn the Look
out for the Profiteers. No Merchant
Should Take Advantage of Condi
tions and Charge Exhorbitant
I have just received a letter from
the State Food Administrator which
explains itself, to-wit:
To All Food Administrators:
"We have had complaints from
several points in the State of exhorbi
tant chargis for sugar and other food
products. We feel that 10 or 10 M
a pound for sugar atfords the dealer
a fair profit, but until present con
ditions are relieved Mr. Page has
fixed 11c as the maximum that might
be charged in North Carolina^ If
any merchants in your county are
charging more than that price for
sugar please warn t'.iem that they
must put their prices within that
figure and if they persist in profiteer
ing after having received warning
from you please report their ftame
and the circumstances to this office
"We desire to call your attention
to another condition. We have had
information from one county that a
number, of consumers have purchased
enough flour to last them until the
next harvest. The Food Control Law
is designed to prevent, and does 'for
bid, hoarding by consumers and indi
viduals as much as by dealers, and
this office desires any definite infor
mation ib can secure regarding this
practice. Of course, the producer of
wheat or any other product is privi
leged to have it ground and keep it
in his hands as long as he desires
but after it passes from the hands of
the producer it is under the control
of the Food Administration and it is
imperative that no hoarding be allow
ed. Food commodities, where held by
consumers or dealers in amounts
greater than their requirements for
a reasonable period, are subject to
confiscation and we do not hesitate to
say to you, and you need not hesitate
to pass the word along, that those who
attempt to hoard foodstuffs and to dis
arrange the whole food situation in
the country will be dealt with prompt
ly and vigorously."
In these war times no merchant
should take advantage of conditions
and charge more than price fixed by
the Government for sugar. If they
have and do not desist after this warn
ing, they will be reported to the State
Food Administrator who will forbid
the jobbers and wholesale merchants
from selling such merchant or mer
chants any sugar during the period of
the war, besides otherwise dealing
with them as the law directs.
The hoarding of food is mere waste.
Every American citizen ought to be
willing to take his chance with his
fellow citizen and go as hungry as -the
average citizen, and if necessary all
share together. "United we stand;
divided we fall." It is now a time
when we should all stand together.
There is no need for any to starve in
America, yet there is danger of many
going hungry if hoarding of foodstuffs
I call on the good citizens of John
ston County to advise me of any vio
lations of the Food Law and I will do
what I can to relieve the situation.
, F. H. BROOKS,
Co. Food Administrator.
Dec. 17th, 1917.
Thirteen Thousand Men Enlist In A
Washington, Dec. 13. ? Nearly
11,000 men were listed as accepted
yesterday for th% regular army and
reports showing an additional 2,000"
came in too late for tabulation.
The total o f war volunteers now
is 313,852. War department officials
expect ?.n even greater showing to
morrow rnd Saturday, the last day
when men of the draft age may be'
taken in through the recruiting sta
Collins Cost White Sox $65,000.
Chicago, Dec. 13. ? The price Charles
Comiskey, owner of the champion
ship Chicago club, paid for Eddie
C?llins, star second baseman, was
made public tonight by President
Johnson of the American League.
He sp.id Comiskey paid the Phil
adelphia club $50,000 for Collin's con
tract, gave Collins $15,000 bonus for
signing, and ?igned him to a five-year
contract at n salary of $15,000 a year.
LEO. HEARTT DIES AT RALEIGH.
Clerk of Federal Court Was for Many
Years Prominent Banker in Dur
ham and Raleiglv.
Leo D. Heartt, clerk of the Federal
court for the eastern district of North
Carolina, died at his home in Raleigh
Friday night at 8:.'i0 o'clock. The
death was entirely unexpected al
though he had been suffering some
what from heart trouble for sometime.
He was (58 years old, was for many
years a prominent banker in Durham
and Raleigh and for more than a year
served as clerk of the Federal court
succeeding the late Mr. Blow, of
Greenville. He is survived by Mrs.
Heartt and throe daughters, Mrs.
Victor Bryant, Mrs. Joe Graham,
Durham; Mrs. Harvey, of Kinston;
also one son, Leo D. Heartt, Jr., of
CONNIE MACK SELLS PLAYERS.
Strunk, Bush and Schang to go to
Boston Americans for Sixty Thous
Philadelphia, Dec. 14. ? The sale by
the Philadelphia Athletics of Strunk,
Bush and Schang to the Boston Ame
ricans for $60,000 and three players
which was announced in Chicago today
is ths second big b&se ball suprise
for the Philadelphia fans this week.
They had hardly gotten over the sup
rise caused by the sale of the Phila
delphia National's star battery, Alex
ander and Killifer i.o the Chicago
Amos Strunk is 28 years old. He
came to the Athletics in 1909 and is
ranked as one of the fastest fielders
in the American league and also as a
"Bullet" Joe Bush is 25. He joined
the Athletics in 1912 and was one of
Connie Mack'st dependable pitchers
when his other twirling stars began
to wane. In 1916 he pitched a no-hit
no-run game. ^
"Wally" Schang came to the Ath
letics in 1913. He is ? 28 years old
Schang is an all round player, having
filled positions in the outfield and in
field as well as catcher.
Gaston Means Set Free.
Concord, Dec. 16. ? Gaston Means
has won his freedom!
The jury that gave it to him after
an incarceration since September 22,
returned the verdict of not guilty this
morning at 10:30 follwing a trial of
19 days. Solicitor Clement announced
that he had no other charge than that
of murdering Mrs. Maude A. King,
and on motion of Judge Frank Os
borne, senior counsel for the defen
dant, Judge Cline discharged the
prisoner. ? W. T. Bost, in Greensboro
"Baby Bond? for Billions."
The new war-saving certificates
will represent an obligation on the
part of the United States quite as
secure and quite as sacrcd as the Li
berty loans. But under the so-called
"Baby Bond" plan war stamps of the
denomination of 25 cents can be pur
chased and affixed to thrift cr.rds
which will enable the owner to save
and at the same time get four per
cent interest upon such savings when
they amount to as much as $4.12 or
more. By this means the Government
has placed within the reach of prac
tically every body an opportunity to
help in financing the war. It is expec
ted to raise $2,000,000,000 in this way,
and that is a very substantial sum.
But the greatest value of this plan
will be to enable the great mass of
the public to demonstrate its patrio
ism and active interest in the war for
humanity. It will unite all people in
the common cause and emphasize the
fact that this war is the business of
all. ? Kansas City Journal.
Italians Driving Enemy Back.
The latest news from the Italian
front report* that on the northern
front the Austro-Germans have been
driven back in disorder.
Missing Seaman Found.
Washington, Dec. 13. ? Vice-Admi
ral Sims notified the navy department
today that Lested Joseph Gilson, a
seaman previously listed among the
missing of tha destroyer Jacob Jones,
had been found among the survivors.
Gilson's mother lives at Green - Bay,
As we get further into the war, the
need for everyone in the nation to
take hold and help becomes more
pressing Battles are not won alone
by the armies in the field. If the arm
ies are to fight well, they must have
guns and ammunition, clothing and
food, and all the machinery of war.
The people at home must provide
money for those activities which can
be carried out alone by the govern
ment. This money must be furnished
either by lending to the government
on its bonds, or by paying it outright
Tn the form of taxes.
In addition to furnishing the gov
ernment the means for carrying on
strictly government activities, we
must voluntarily give money to carry
on certain forms of war work which
can be handled "better by voluntary
organizations of people than by the
government; for example, the Army
Y. M. C. A. work and the Red Cross
work. The Army Y. M. C. A. is just
as necessary as the machinery of war
and th<* food and clothing. It is the
one way by which our boys can be
kept up to fighting trim. It gives them
a home, a flub, a place to gather for
friendly intercourse, and a place for
recreation ? everything of this sort
which tends to keep their minds occu
pied and their bodies healthful, and
helps to safeguard them from things
which undermine their ability as sol
diers. The Red Cross, in addition to
its work among suffering civilians,
helps to provide needed articles of
clothing which the government does
not furnish, and helps to look after
Our nation has responded splendid
ly, both by lending money on govern
ment bonds and by giving to the Red
Cross and the Army Y. M .C. A.. But
scattered through the country are
large numbers of people who hr.ve
not as yet done their share in this
wo^k, people who are able to help.
Some ef them sympathize with the
enemy instead of this nation, but a
larger number are simply "tight
wad patriots." Their dollars are so
big in their eyes that they cannot see
anything else. They do not seem to un
derstand that this country is in war ?
a costly, bloody war. They do not
seem to realize that we are fighting
against a nation whose people have
been organizing for war for more
than a generation, and every member
of which is working for its success.
We cannot hope to win against a
nation of that sort unless we also or
ganize, and unless all of our people do
what they can best do. Neither do
these tight-wad patriots seem to real
ize that this is just as much their fight
as their neighbors' fight. They would
like to have a cushioned seat on the
side lines, with an umbrella over
their heads when the sun is hot, and
a nice, big fur coat in cold weather,
and watch their neighbors and their
neighbors' boys do the fighting for
This will not do. -The further into
the war we get, the less patience peo
ple will have with these tight-wad pa
triots .Already some folks have had
their scores and their houses and
barns painted yellow, because they
have failed to do their share. There
will be more of this as time goes on.
WV are in a very serious war, in
which our very life as a nation is at
stakf>. The time for arguing as to
whether we should fight has gene by.
We are fighting. Our boys are ir. the
trenches, and some are bring killed
and wounded. People who sympathize
with the enemy instead of with their
own country should go away to some
other country. Tight wad patriots who
refuse to give their money when oth
ers are giving their lives will havo an
increasingly uncomfortable time of it;
and they should. ? Wallace's Farmer.
Hogs in Germany.
There are row about 13,000,000
head of hogs in Germany, as com
pared with 25,000,000 before the war
broke out. As long as food conditions
are critical in Germany, they will raise
only a sufficient number of hogs to
clean up waste material. But at the
first sign of peace, efery brcod sow
available will be bred, and within
two years hog production in Ger
many will again be very nearly nor
mal. During the first year following
the war, however, there is every
reason to believe that Germany will
import hundreds of millions of pounds
hog products from the com belt of the
United States, in order to conserve her
breeding stock so far as possible.' ?
. ....... L' | '
AT THE CAPITAL OF BEULA
Special Red Cross Meeting for 1
night. Christmas Bazar Me?
with Success. Funeral of S
Hardy Edgerton Held Friday, Co
ducted by Elder Styron.
Kenly, December 14. ? Because
the heavy snow that fell here Tuesd^j
night and Wednesday morning, sch
has been suspended until next Mond
A special meeting of the Red Cr?
Society is planned to be held in t.
school auditoriunf Tuesday night at
seven o'clock. One or two out of to n
speakers will be present; the progr;
will be brief, forceful, and to 1
point; it is the purpose of the orga
zation to organize a local chapter h
at that time; all of the people of t,..;
community are invited to be prest .
The annual bazar given by the Mis
sionary Society of the Method
church met with exceptional success
this year. The large hall over The
Watson Company's store was beauti
fully decorated and artistically ar
ranged by the energetic women of th j
organization. There were several de
partments: one offered a beautiful as
sortment of fancy work; another of
fered a large variety of canned goods,
and still another served old fashioned
country meals, consisting of baked
turkey, fried chicken, various styles
of oysters, and a number of other good
things to eat. By some kind of pleas
ant accident, it happened that, just
about the time the meals were ready
to be served, a trr.in-load of sbldier
boys stopped at the railroad station.
More than fifty enjoyed hot suppers
prepared by the Methodist women.
The Treasurer of the organization re
ports that approximately three hun
dred dollars, were realized; the money
will be used in making a payment on
the new four thousand dollar parson
age recency built for the pastor.
The funeral sermon of Mr. Hardy
Edgerton, of Goldsboro, was preached
in the Free-Will Baptist church Fri
day afternoon at four o'clock by the
pastor, Rev. E. H. Styron. Mr. Edger
ton died in Goldsboro yesterday, his
doctor naming heart failure as his
death. His people live near Kenly;
his body was laid to rest in the family
THE STATE FAIR.
With the recent election of Mr.
Chas. Home of Clayton as president
of the State Fair Association there
have sprung up manifestations of a
revivification in the affairs of that
institution of a character long hoped
for by the people of North Carolina,
whose impelling desire has been to
see a fair at Raleigh that would be in
fact a credit to the State and^that
might be put in the class of the best
in the south. The neglect of North
Carolina opportunity in this direc
tion has been a standing rebuke to
the State. A meeting of the associa
tion is booked for Raleigh the coming
Tuesday when the public may have
an outline of the new aspirations. Dr.
Clarance Poe, Col. Bryan Grimes,
Judge R. W. Winston and Mr. W. C.
Riddick, the committee selected to
make suggestions for the amendments
to the by-laws, will make report. The
association will consider the suggest
ion that a chartcr be secured from
the State and that the new corporation
issue stock to as large an amount as
it can float. The main idea will be the
placing of the fair upon a business
basis and making it representative of
the agricultural and mechanical life
of the State through the bringing of
the various counties into close asso
cifftion with its affects. The question
of askng the Board of Agriculture to
take charge of the fair will also be
discussed. It is possible that opposi
tion will be developed against this
suggestion, but a closer co-opeiation
of the Agricultural Deparemtnt with
the work of the fair might prove de
sirable. The one thing that will be of
immediate satisfaction to the people
of the State is the manifest fact that
better days are ahead of the State
Fair at Raleigh. ? Charlotte Observer.
Small Streams Are Frozen.
Winston Salem, Dec. 14. ? Parties
crossing the Yadkin report that there
is considerable ice on the river. It
is lear led that all of the smaller
streams in this section are frozen
over. k' the present temperature
continues many days owners of ice
houses will have no trouble Mn se