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Ked Cross Society Enlisting New
Workers. Mrs. J. W. Darden En
tertains Priscilla Club. Efforts Be
ing Made to Sell War Savings
Stamps. High School Literary
Societies Give Good Programs.
Kenly, February 2. ? The Red Cross
?workers of the community are putting
forth a great deal of effort at the
present time. Mrs. H. P. Johnson,
seventh grade teacher, has a cam
paign on for the purpose of enlisting
every student of the school as a mem
ber of the local chapter of the Red
Cross Society. A special rally was
given at the Sasser Hall Friday night
consisting of inspirational addresses,
moving pictures dealing with the war,
and A variety of refreshments sold for
the benefit of the organization. Sun
day afternoon at two-thirty o'clock,
the colored people of Kenly will be
organized. The first shipment of
clothing for the soldiers has already
been sent to Atlanta, southern head
quarters, and another shipment will
)u> miiHn wif liin n ftnir /lau?
V iiiuuv ~ ? ? v u xv ? ? vtM j ^ ?
Tuesday afternoon the Priscilla
Club was entertained in the beautiful
home of Mrs. J. W. Darden. The
guests were met at the door by the de
lightful hostess and were immediately
ushered into the spacious parlor
where they were comfortably seated
around a large old open firs platfe.
After devoting an hour to fancy work
and chatting, the hostess assisted by
Mrs. Claude Darden served an ex
cellent course of refreshments con
sisting of chicken salad, hot coffee,
and sandwiches. Immediately there
after a business meeting was called,
and Mrs. Claude Darden was unani
mously elected president to succeed
Mrs. R. A. Turlington, who, because
of her many other duties had found it
necessary to resign. The invited
guest? were: Mrs. C. P. Jerome, Mrs.
M. B. Andrews, Miss Gladys Wallace,
and Miss Augusta McKeithen.
The literary societies of the school
rendered two splendid programs Fri
day afternoon. The subject for de
bate in each society was: "Resolved,
That the study of Greek and Latin is
necessary to a liberal education." The
members of the Rollins Society have
decided to accept a challenge ex
tended to them by the Thalian girls to
give a joint public debate at night on
Friday, February 22. The public will
be invited. On this occasion the two
best speakers will be selected to rep
resent the school in the triangle de
bate. After the program, the Thalian
girls will be entertained with a ban
quet given by the Rollins boys.
Professor Andrews is putting forth
special effort to interest the school
children in the purchase of War Sav
ings Stamps. He has offered a large
banner to the class of the high school
that invests the largest amount of
money in stamps between now and the
close of school; the banner will be
presented to the winning class at com
mencement. He has also announced
that he will give a .banner to the
students of the room in the elemen
tary school who invest the largest
amount of money in Savings Stamps
The Farmer In England.
What would a farmer in Mecklcn
burg County think if a Government
agent should come along and pcint out
to him the acreage he must cultivate,
and failing in obeying orders be ar
rested and hailrtl to court, fined or im
prisoned or both? That is the propo
sition the farmers in England are "up
against," as the saying goes. There
has been created in Great Britain
what is known as the War Agricultu
ral Board. It is the duty of this broad
to see that every acre of tillable land
in the country is put under cultivation.
Every idle acre is penalized and the
slacked farmers are being prosccuted
with typical English court diligence.
Both owners of lordly estates and
humble croppers are being arrested
and brought to account.
Free Pumpkin Seed.
Mr. Addison Lee, of Ingrams town
ship, was here last Saturday and left
with us some pumpkin seed which he
asked us to hand out free to farmers
who .want to plant them. There are
four to five seeds to each package of a
very fine variety of pumpkin.
PERSHING REPORTS ON CLASH.
Corporal Erwin March and Private >
George A. Kauh Were Killed in Ger
man Kaid. Four Slightly Wounded.
Washington, Feb. 2. ? Two Ameri- >
can soldiers were killed in action and
our otii'-rs slightly wounded January
30, the War Department was advised
today by General Pershing.
Although no details were given, it is
assumed that they were the men who i
fell when the Germans raided a sector
of the American trenches under cover 1
of a barrage fire early last Wednesday 1
morning. The dead are Corp. Erwin
March, infantry, Slayton, Minn., and
Private George A. Ruah, infantry,
New York. One of the wounded is
Private John Theron Parks, infantry,
General Pershing also reported that
one private was slightly wounded in
action January 28 and another Jan
General Pershing also reported the
suicide of an infantry private, the
deaths of two infantry privates from
accidental gun shot wounds, and that
six enlisted men had died from natural
Forty-five persons were killed and
207 injured in the German aerial raid
on Paris one night last week.
Italians say the Teuton losses in the
two-day battle west of the Brenta
River last week were between 5,000
The cold was general in the Middle
West Friday. At Winona, Minn., tem
perature of 33 degrees below zero was
Northern Pacific train No. 63, north
bound, at Moose Lake Minn., s'rlick
a bus in which 20 schoolchildren were
riding, Friday, killing seven.
America, through the use of the
Liberty motor, will decide the supre
macy of the air in the world war, ac
cording to Major L. C. Eckenfeldcr, of
the French military mission.
Production of anthracite is now
substantially at the maximum point
possible with the present working
force of 152,000 mineworkers, accord
ing to a statement issued Friday by
the anthracite operators' committee.
Notwithstanding snow interference
in coal reginons, the Baltimore and
Ohio Friday moved 2,000 more cars
than in the 24 hours previous with
prospects of a better movement later.
There were 230 cars dumped at tide
A billion and a half dollars' in
crease in the value of livestock on
farms and ranges in the United States
over their value a year ago was re
ported Friday by the Department of
Agriculture in its annual report. Total
value of all such livestock was $2,
Unwarranted price increases in
wheat flour substitutes will not be
permitted, says a Washington dis
patch. Food Administration Friday
gave warning to dealers that they
must not take advantage of tempo
rary shortages in other cereals
brought on by the heavy demand the
new baking regulations have caused.
February started out in Chicago as
if it intended to follow the example
of the most wintery January the city
has ever known. The mercury reached
5 degrees below zero Firday, but
slowly worke , back to zero. A blan
ket of Fmok kept the city in darkness
for three hours, and those concerned
with fuel, flour and sugar shortages
held Iheir meetings in rooms lighted
as at night.
Serious conditions which threaten a
disastrous flood in the Ohio River
were reported to the Railroad Admiri
istratic r Friday by the Baltimore and
Ohio Railroad management. The
riv. r already has forced trains out of
th< passenger station at Cincinnati
and irt.< rfered with freight movement.
Scu ; of Cincinnati, the railway of
ficia report, there is an ice gorge,
70 rr lea long and 20 to 40 feet deep,
which with the continued rise of
water, may cause serious damage. It
vas said lower temperature might
ivejt t rouble.
Farmers can grow whatever they
?? rt to grow, as a matter of course,
bu< we arc satisfied that "war bread"
will have a great deal to do with what
th?y propose to produce this season.
? Wilmington Star.
Little services for others that we
fref' illy think of as hindrances, may i
lw God's highest work for the day. ?
AN OLD VETERAN WHITES.
Says He Is Willing to (Jo Hungry
That Old Glory May Stand Out for
World Freedom. Tells of Wheat
less, Meatless, (>reasless, Fishless.
lieanless and Sugarless Days.
I wish to let my younger friends
know a little of ye olden days. Late
in the autumn of 1863 while my regi
ment was in winter quarters at camp
Burgoyne, two miles northeast of the
city of Wilmington, it was the custom
or rule for the regimental quarter
master or commissary to take live or
six men and a wagon or two, drive
over to Wilmington and bring back a
three days' ration of Nassau bacon
and flour, which ration consisted of
one pound of the bacon and three
pounds of flour for three days. If
flour could not be had meal was issued
instead of flour. We were at liberty
to eat it in one day or make it last the
three days. We did not get any more
till next draw day.
t ur tr - ... ?_ a*- T
iur. i. w . iviassey a lamer, j.vir. o.
D. Massey, was then regimental com
missary for the 50th North Carolina
at that time. One day he hooked up
his team, took his men went to town
as usual to get our Nassau. When the
wagon came back we marchod up as
we diil at other times, but there was
nothing in the wagons but coarse corn
meal. We said, "Dick, where is our
Nassau?" Ilis answer was, "The
Georgia soldiers on their way to
Petersburg had to have it." He went
again, but nothing but meal, nothing
but meal. When we saw the situation
we stirred our meal into a sort batter
and poured it into the baking spider,
baked it brown, and ate it up. Those
were wkcatless, meatless, greaseless,
fishless, sugarless, beanloss, and beef
less days. Did we live on that coarse
corn bread? Yes, we lived and did
not have indigestion either.
Nov/, when we are facing the great
est crisis and trying to save the
World to freedom and lift the burden
of tyranny from the shoulders of
humanity, we have those among us
here and there that are unwilling to
sacrifice cne single pleasure that the
world may be free. I am 74, but am
willing to go hungry that Old Glory
may forever stand out to the breeze
for the freedom of the world. Remem
ber, Valley Foi*ge. Let us be up and
doing and with our might and
strength rally to the reseuo.
J. H. BROADWELL.
Micro, Jan. 30, 1918.
The Weather Foe.
Of all the foes that the United
States has to meet the sternest and
mest uncompromising is the weather
of this winter. When the hope was
indulged through a brief thaw that
the congestion might be cared for,
and, in fact, was being cared for,
there set in the great snow of Sun
day night that placed the grim em
bargo of the blizzard upon transpor
tation along the eastern seaboard
from the vicinity of New York.
Thus the Fuel Administration, thus
the government conduct of transpor
tation are beset behind and before.
The people must, and they will, real
ize the insuperable difficulties the
weather presents, and they will sus
tain without a murmur any measures
that may be called forth through the
disappointment of hopes indulged ?
to some extent disappointment ? when
the fuel order was given forth. The
American people are giving their
manhocd and money for the strife on
the other side and are not going to
fail in sacrifice and devotion in the
onslaught against the congestion that
has been so largely induced by the
Fighting all other foes, they will
fight the weather offset until the
worst winter ever ? in its effects upon
traffic ? shall become nothing more
than a nightmare of the past. ? Balti
Title of Emperor of Austria.
Charles, the Emperor cf Austria,
bears the following official title:
"His Imperial and Apostolic Royal
Majesty, Emperor of Austria, King
of Bohemia, and so forth, and Apos
tolic King of Hungary."
Cotton Ginned in Johnston.
There were 33,120 bales of cotton
pinned in Johnston County from the
crop of 1917 prior to January 16, TJ18,
as compared with 35,251 ginned to
January 16, 1917.
TO ASSIST IN INCOME TAX.
Mr. T. I). Mears, Jr., To lie In Smith
field Next \> eek to Help the People
Make Out Their Keporls. He Will
Also Visit Clayton, Selma and Ben
By order of the Collector of Internal
Revenue Mr. Thos. 1). Meares, Jr., In
come Tax Inspector, will be in John
ston County a part of this week and
next for the purpose of informing
probable income taxpayers under the
laws of the United States of their
liability, and also of assisting them
in making up their returns. He will
have all necessary forms and will be
glad to help all who do not fully un
derstand the law. If your income for
the year 1017 equaled or exceeded
$1,000 (if single) or $2,000 (if mar
ried) you will have to make up your
income report to the Internal Revenue
Mr. Meares will be at Clayton
Wednesday and Thursday, February
Q and <7.
At Selma Frday and Saturday, Feb
ruary 8 and 9.
At Smithfield Monday and Tuesday,
February 11 and 12.
At Benson Wednesday and Thurs
day, February 13 and 14.
It is important that these matters
be attended to at once, as all returns
must be made out by March 1, 1918.
POLENTA SCHOOL NOTES.
There was a box party at Polenta
Friday night, January 18. The boxes
were sold well, and the cake for the
most popular young lady was pre
sented to Miss Dale Weaver, the
Music teacher. The boxes and cake
brought over seventy dollars, which
will go on the payment of the new
The girls will begin playing basket
ball soon, and we hope to have a good
team this year.
Owing to the bad weather, the at
te lance has not been very good since
"CtiHstmas, but we hope it will im
We are very glad to know the
patrons are taking so much interest
in the school this year.
There have been several visitois at
Polenta recently. Among them are:
Mr. C. T. Young, Mr. J. W. Myatt,
Miss Mary Lee and Mr. Wade Brndy,
of Benson, and Mr. J. T. Ellington.
The teachers' group meeting was
held at Polenta January 23rd. The
attendance was very good, almost all
of the teachers being present. The
day was spent in discussion of school
affairs, and it was very helpful to the
The teachers and girls organized
the Etude Club January 18th. This
club will meet twice a month, and it
will be a benefit to the students.
Mr. Eustance Yelvington visited
our school Monday, Jan. 28. ? X. Z.
War Savings Stamps.
The machinery by which the pur
chase of a Thrift Stamp of a War
Saving Stamp is to be made as easy
and convenient as the purchase of a
spool of thread or a pound of nails,
in every community in the United
States, is rapidly being established.
Already 186,000 War Savings Stamp
Agencies have been established and
by the close of January this number
will have been increased by 350,000.
In addition to these agencies there
will by 1,000,000 "sales stations,"
which do not receive direct authoriza
tion to make the sales from the Sec
retary of the Treasury, but obtain
their stamps from authorized agents
and sell them over their counters at
their cashiers' windows, and other
Fifty thousand post offices now have
War Savings Stamps on sale and 29,
000 banks and 8,000 individual firms
and corporations have been appointed
agents. Nine thousand interstate cor
porations having places of business in
several States will constitute 115,000
An intensive campaign is now on
for the establishing of War Savings
societies which can be organized by
10 or more persons in any community,
school, club, church, factory or office
and can be affiliated with the Nation
al War Savings Committee at Wash
ington upon application.
The corn pone is coming to its own,
Mr. Hoover is going1 to make it popu
lar and soon everybody will have
cracklin' bread, which is the finest
bread in the world. ? Wilmington
WEATHER SEVERE LP NORTH.
So Cold Engine* Freeze To Tracks in
Washington, Feb. 2. ? Railways to
day received instructions from the
railroad administration to take every
advantage of the usual Sunday indus
trial shut-down and the forced forced
suspension Monday under the fuel
economy order, to move coal to the
big consuming centers in order to ac
cumulate small reserves against pos
Little hope was gathered from to
day's weather. In northern New York
state it was so cold that engines
stopped to take water froze to the
tracks and it took five other locomo
tives to pull them loose. In West
Virginia the overflow of streams ham
pered the hauling of empty cars to
the mines and the withdrawal of l'^ads.
The Ohio river, although not rising,
was threatening on account of the ice
flow, and extention of this condition
to other rivers in the middle west
was the greatest fear of government
Ti?e delivery of coal today waa re
ported at about the same low average
of the j>ast week.
We .Must Feed the Allies.
New York World.
The British Food Controller, Lord
Rhondda, cables to the American Food
Administration: "Unless you are able
to send the Allies at least 75,000,000
bushels of wheat over and above w"hat
you have exported up to Jan. 1, and in
addition to the total exportable sur
plus from Canada, I cannct take the
responsibility of assuring our people
that there will be food enough to win
Lord Rhondda is a practical busi
ness man with great experience in
large-scale production. His judgment
is confirmed by that of every expert.
The trouble that shortage may make
in England is already shown by the
threatened strike of railroad men on
account of food shortages. Our Allies
are eating corn and other substitutes
for wheat; as Mr. Hoover says, "they
must have a wheat foundation for the
loaf, just as we ourselves.' They must
also have meat and sugar.
Very well. Then we must save
meat, wheat, sugar, fats or other food
in such proportions as may be decided.
We must do it cheerfully. We must
do it at once. In doing it we need not
speak of "sacrifice." It will injure no
one to substitute other grains for 30
per cent of his wheat consumption,
any of our people would benefit by
using less meat and sugar.
The sooner war rationing is pre
scribed, and if necessary enforced, the
better. Let it not be said of the
United States hereafter that in the
midst of the supreme conflict of civili
zation it was too selfish to change
slighly the elements of its still abun
dant daily food in order that its Allies
might be fed.
In Memory of a I< riend.
It is with a sad heart that I chron
icle the death of Mrs. Moses Adams
which occurred at their home near
Four Oaks, January 25, 1918, at five
o'clock a. m. She was born April
23, 1855, making her stay on earth
63 years, 9 months and 2 days. There
was never a more devoted wife and
mother than she, always ready to
lend a helping hand to any one that
Mrs. Adams has been a great suf
ferer several years with rheumatism
and neuralgia. She had been con
fined to her bed for six months, but
during those long six months of suf
fering she bore it patiently.
She was married to Mr. Moses
Adams at the age of 22 and to their
union was born twelve children, six of
whom survive her. She has left a
broken-hearted husband, six children,
and nine grandchildren, three broth
ers and a host of relatives and friends
to mourn their loss. Mrs. Adams had
never united with any church, but she
was a strong believer in the Primitive
Baptist, always anxious to go to
church. She went to sleep as sweetly
as a lamb. We feel assured that she
is resting and that her sufferings are
all over. She was laid to rest in the
family cemetery to await the resur
Words are either tho handmaiden of
thought or the confession of foolish
ness. ? Christian Herald.
SUNDAY IN THE GREAT WAK.
Allied War Council Sees No Peace and
Wants Vigorous War. German
Strikers Repressed By Decree of
Death For All Who Fail to Report
For Work at Once.
(Associated Press Summary.)
The war is to be prosecuted vigor
ously by the Entente allies and the
United States until a peace based upon
the principle of freedom, ustice and
respect for international law is ob
This is the decision of. the supreme
war council of the countries in arms
against the Teutonic allies.
The high-sounding phrases in thu
recent speeches of the imperial Ger
man chancellor and the Austro-Hun
garian foreign minister were entirely
thrown into the discard by the council
at its session at Versailles and it was
decided that the war would be vigor
ously prosecuted until that time comes
when there is justification for the hope
theat a peace may be realized in ac
cord with the policies laid down by
President Wilson and llav id-Lloyd
George, the British premier.
J Me uermans apparently in earnest,
began a "straffing" of the American
sector in Lorraine Saturday. I
Late in the afternoon they let down
a .barrage on the American line on a
front of several kilometres, the heavi
est in many days, but at last accounts
General Pershing's men were answer
ing them shot for shot.
The casualties among the Ameri
cans wore slight when the report was
sent and their markmanship had beeiv
so offective that several German dug
outs had been made untenable.
Under the strong repressive meas
ures of the military authorities in
Germany the general strike continues
to deminish in importance and accord
ing to semi-official advices from Ber
lin, the trouble is expected to cease
in the early week.
Workmen go Back on Jobs.
Already, probably spurred by threats
of the military authorities of drastic m
action against thim, many workmen
' throughout the empire, and especially
' in the Province of Brandenburg, in
which Berlin is situated, again have
returned to their duties.
In Brandenburg the order of tho
military commander telling the dis
satisfied workmen that they must re
sume their duties was terse and 3iarp
and evidently as intended to convey
"Employees failing to resume work,"
said the crder, will be tried by court
martial, which is authorized to impose
sentence of death, execution to take
place within 24 hours of the time the
sentence is imposed."
The social unrest now has spread
to Triest, Austria's principal seaport
on the Ardriatic sea. Here also a
strike among the shipyard and other
workers was declared, the main point
of insistence by men, as in Germany,
being for peace and better food. On
being referred to the premier's recent
speech in which Austria's desire for
a cessation of hostilities was empha
sized, the strikers resumed work.
GROUNDHOGS STAY IN DOORS.
That is, They Didn't See Shadows.
Keeper Routs 'Em.
There are two ground hogs at
Druid Hill Park, Mr. G. and Mrs. G.
All day yesterday the superintendent
and several visitors were anxiously
waiting ? just to see what the ground
hogs were going to do ? whether they
were coming out and see their shad
ows, and then according to the pre
vailing belief, go back into their hole
and then let a period of snow, rain
and the worst kind of weather ccme,
or whether they were going to stay in
their hole, and leave the people satis
fied that they could expect some good
weather in the future. But the ground
hogs did not venture out during the
whole day, except late in the evening,
when the keeper dug them out. Ac
cording to tradition, therefore, some
pleasant weather may be expected.?
Baltimore American, 3rd.
Ravages of the White Plague.
The National Tuberculosis Associa
tion has calculated that one-twen
tieth of all the children now in school
are doomed to die of that dread dis
ease before they reach manhood and
womanhood. Some years ago the State
of Illinois figured that it was expen
ding $1,800,000 every year to educate
children who die of tuberculosis beforo
they reach the age of twenty. ? Kind