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SMITH FIELD, N. C., FEBRUARY 12, 191S.
SMITHFIELD MAKES PROGRESS.
During Year 1?1 7 the Town Paved
Eleven Blocks in Sheet Asphalt and
Laid Four Miles of Granolithic Side
Walks Besides Other Improve
ments. More Than Eighty Thous
and Dollars Spent In These Per
The year 1917 has proved to be the
greatest year that Smithfield ever
witnessed from many standpoints.
There was more business done here
last year than in any year of the
town's history. There was more
money paid out here for cotton; there
was more money turned loose here for
tobacco; there was more prosperity
abounding in the old town than in any
previous year. The banks and the
business houses were all prosperous.
Every business thrived and the end
of the year saw Smithfield in better
condition than ever.
Early last year there was an agita
tion here for somb paved streets.
Meetings were held and the proposi
tion explained. Soon some definite
steps were taktn with the result that
the City Fathers decided to undertake
the paving of five blocks with sheet
asphalt. This step was taken while
Mr. J. W, Stephenson was Mayor. At
the election in May Mr. H. L. Skinner
and a new Board of Aldermen were
chosen. This Board took up the work
of the old Board and carried on the
work they had begun. The first con
tracts were let counting up a cost of
more than thirty thousand dollars to
? the town.
But before the work of paving was
fully begun additional blocks were
added to the contract until a total of
eleven blocks were included. Then
the paving of many of the side walks
was taken up and added to until four
miles were placed on the improve
The Quanqua (or Conker) Ditch
was filled in with a 24-inch terra cotta
pipe from Third street to nearly to
the river, making an improvement
that was much needed. In addition
to tlic streets paved three blocks were
improved by putting in curbing and
The entire cost of all these im
provements has been a fraction over
$80,000 as will be seen from the finan
cial statement issued by the Building
Committee and published elsewhere
in this paper. A bond issue of $70,000
was floated and the remainder of the
debt covered by the town's short term
On all street paving the cost is
divided between the town and the peo
ple owning property abutting on the
streets, the town paying one-third
and the property owners the other
two-thirds. The property owners
bear half the expenses of the side
The improvemertts have been of
great value to the town this winter.
Those who saw the conditions of the
streets last winter and then again
this winter in the face of the worst
weather we have ever had were
favorably struck with the wonderful
improvements here. Last year we
could hardly cross the streets in the
business part of the town for the
mud. Not so this year. When the
roads all around Smithfield were
kneedeep in mud and slush the paved
streets were just as good as they will
be in the dry summer days. Every
body seems well pelased with what
has been done and the only people
who find much fault with the situa
tion are those who have not paved
streets in front of their homes.
^The system of p.ived side walks is
worth more in some respects than
the paved streets. The plan adopted
put a paved side walk in eafcy reach of
every citizen of the town. No one
has to walk much further than one
block to get on a paved side walk
leading to the business part of the
town, the churches and the graded
school. It has proven of great value
to the school children in getting to
and from school this winter.
Now that the work is done and all
see the great worth of it the City
Fathers are to be congratulated that
they had the courage to get out of the
beaten paths and build a system of
streets and side walks that the years
to come will prove the wisdom of
Stockholders to Meet Today.
The annual meeting of the Stock
holders of the Johnston County Bank
& Trust Company will be held this
afternoon at 2:10 o'clock in the offices
of the bank on Market street.
NO MORE HEATLEttf MONDAYS.
Fuel Adiministrator Garfield lias
Lifted the Ban In Eight Southern
States and the Order May Ite Sus
pended In Other Parts of the Coun
try This Week.
The eight Southern States of North
Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia,
Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisi
ana and Tennessee, had the heatless
Monday order lifted the latter part of
last week and the people of these
States were open for business yester
day as usual. The weather conditions
were so much improved that the step
was made possible.
The great improvement in the
weather conditions will lift the order
from the other Eastern States is con
fidently believed. There has been a
great improvement in traffic condi
tions and it is now thought that it is
not necessary to continue the heatless
Mondays in any part of the country.
The order for closing on Mondays
brought about four heatless Mondays
in the Southern States and five in the
other States affected by the ruling of
the Fuel Administrator.
FALSE REPORT ABOUT TOBACCO
Congressman Small Made Investiga
tion and Found That There Was
No Basis for Report.
In the letter of S. R .Winters, of
Washington City, in Sunday's News
and Observer, we find the following,
which is of interest to our Johnston
County people at this time.
"The farmers of Pitt and adjoining
counties have become somewhat per
turbed over a false report that has
gained currency in the tobacco grow
ing regions of North Carolina that
their acreage would be curtailed by
the government. Representative John
H. Small has received perhaps a
dozen letters inquiring into the basis
for the report. This letter from R.
C. Cannon, a farmer merchant of
Ayden, Pitt County, is typical of the
"It has been reported in this com
munity that the tobacco crop is to be
limited by the government to a cer
tain number of acres per horse, and
also that a tax per acre is to be
placed on same."
"The falsity of the report is ap
parent on its face, but Representative
Small inquired as to such a measure
and found that there is no basis for
the report. The ways and means
committee doesn't even contemplate
Death of Rufus Bell.
" Death loves a shining mark."
The above statement seems only too
true, when death claimed Rufus Bell,
on January 30th. Born September
17, 1895, he was only twenty-two
years old. He was sick only four
days. Late Saturday afternoon, he
got a shave, the barber clipping a
bump on his face which caused him
trouble at once, though not serious.
Early Monday morning he was swol
len to such an extent that the family
physician was called. The doctor
pronounced blood poison. Another
doctor, however, was called in, and a
nurse secured. His relatives and
friends gathered round him to lend a
He was a good young man, having
joined the Fere- Will Baptist church
at friendship in September, 1912. He
was attentive to his church and its
needs. He had also joined the Juniors
just three weeks before he died.
On May 5, 1917, he was married to
Miss Doris Oneal, and being married
only a short while had never moved
away from his mother's home. His
father died when he was only eight
years old, and as he grew to man
hood he became as a father for the
family. Assisted by others of the
family he worked out and paid for a
splendid estate. He leaves a wife, a
mother, a sister, one brother and an
aged grandmother besides other rela
tives to mourn their loss.
The funeral service was conducted
by his pastor, Elder B. B. Deans, and
he was laid to rest in the Friendship
cemetery under the auspices of the
Junior Order. ? L. S.
Frank was in school when the
"Who knows what the five senses
Frank raised his hand and said:
"Nickels." ? Galveston News.
AT THE CAPITAL OF BOON IIILL.
Robbers Break Into Ed. A. Holt's
Store and Secure Four Hundred
Dollars Worth of Goods. Same
Store Entered Nearly Three Weeks
Ago. A Former Robbery In Prince
Princeton, Feb. 8. ? Miss Jeanette
Woodcrd is spending the week with
her sister, Mrs Will W right.
Mr. A. F. Holt made a trip to Camp
Jackson, Columbia, S. C., a few days
ago to visit his son, N. G. Holt.
Miss Evelyn Humble, from Elon
College, is spending the week with
her sister, Mrs. C. W. Eason.
Mr. L. D. Grantham has' been
spending several days in Philadelphia
and other northern cities.
Mrs. James Sanders is visiting re
latives and friends in Smithfield for
a few days. ?
Dr. B. L. Aycock, our popular den
tist, has gone to Raleigh to be as
signed to some branch of Uncle Sam's
The store of Mr. Ed. A. Holt was
burglarized again last night. This
being the second time within two
weeks. The robbers entered by break
ing out the plate glass in the front
door. They also broke the large brass
lock all to pieces on the door. They
secured about ten suits of men's
clothes and six suit cases, a hundred
dollars worth of jewelry and a great
many other things, amounting in all
to about four hundred dollars. Tele
phone messages were sent this morn
ing to every place where it was
thought possible to secure blood
hounds. Every effort is being made
at this hour to get them from a long
distance. These same robbers (four
of them) also went into the Central
Highway Garage and secured a lot
of tools, and several of these were
left in Ed. Holt's store. They left a
cap and a pair of old shoes at the
On January 21st robbers entered
this same store and carried away
about four hundred dollars worth of
goods. On the night of this robbery
it snowed and sleeted all night, which
made it very difficult to track any
one. A detective was soon on the
scene, but the robbers did the job so
cleverly and covered up their tracks
so completely nothing was done. The
Southern Railway Depot was robbed
in this first haul and several boxes of
goods which were in the warehouse
were broken open, but only a few
articles were taken out.
Only a few years ago Princeton had
a series of robberies, and one night
they entered a store in which a young
man was sleeping. This young man
heard them break the glass and upon
looking closely saw a man nearly in
the center of the store, which was
dark. The young man sitting on the
side of r. cot which he had been sleep
ing on, and from this position he
fired two shots at the burglar, and
evidently one load entered the darkey.
A few days later there was a dead
negro in a small town some miles
from here, and it was said his back
was full of shot, and he was a Prince
ton negro. He would not have an\
doctor attend him for fear of being
caught, and his death was reall>
caused by pneumonia, brought on by
these gun shot woflnds which were
COLONEL ROOSEVELT BETTER.
Former President Underwent Opera- I
tion Last Week and for Few Days j
His Condition Was Regarded As
The people of the country regard
less of political affiliation will be glad
to learn that Colonel Theodore Roose
velt, former President of the United
States, is steadily improving. Last
week, the Colonel underwent a seri?us
operation and for two or three days
his condition was alarming. His phy
sicians now think that his complete
recovery is only a matter of time.
Mrs. Roosevelt on Sunday received
the following cablegram from King
George of England:
"The Queen and I regret the illness
of Colonel Roosevelt and hope for his
American Soldiers Efficient.
A French officer who has just ar
rived in this country gives the warm
eat praise of the efficiency of the
American soldiers in France in hand
ling the big: French 75 millimeter
guns. One squad of four men were
able to fire thirty rounds per minute.
NAMK8 OF MANY YET MISSING.
Of (he Soldiers of the I'nited States
NN ho Embarked on the Tuscania the
Names of 1,832 Survivors Have
Been Received by the >Var Depart
ment. The Names of 345 Still
The following news concerning the ,
sinking of the Tuscania was published (
in an Associated Press dispatch from
Washington in yesterday's daily pa
Eighteen hundred and thirty-two <
names of American soldiers rescued ,
from the torpedo ad liner Tuscania
had been reported Sunday to the war
department, leaving 345 of the sol
diers on board unaccounted for. No
official report has reached the depart
ment to change the estimate that all
except 113 of the men were saved, but
the names have been coming in very
slowly over the cables and there is no
assurance as to when the list will be
From the names so far received and
the passenger list of the lost steamer
the Associated Press has compiled the
record of those still not reported.
Probably more than two hundred of
the men whose names appear on this
record are safe in Ireland and will be
so reported soon.
The preparation of the list, even
in its incomplete form, represents an
aggregate of one hundred and forty
hours of labor. The war department
has only issued an official roll of those
on the ship. The committee on pub
lic information has made no effort to
compile a list of the missing, merely
issuing lists of survivors. In order
to compile a list of missing and unre
ported, it was necessary to search
?for each name in both lists, a labori
ous process in dealing with more than
2,000 names. .
Unsettled Market for Cotton,
L ? ?
Measured by the striking fluctua
tions of a few weeks ago, price move
ments in cotton have continued com
paratively moderate, and pains of 35
to 50 points in futures -and 50 in the
spot article here represent the week's
net alterations. But while the
changes have not been especially im
portant, and though last week's low
est quotations were not repeated, the
market has remained unsettled and
many people have considered the lack
of sustained firmness significant. The
best prices of the week were reached
on the resumption of business on
Tuesday, when the March delivery
sold up to 30.65c., May at an even
30.00c., July at 29.54c. and October at
28.15c., but there was a subsequent
reaction of about 55 points and the
option list is still 150 to fully 200
points, the latter and the more distant
positions, under the high records of
early January. Similarly, the local
spot quotation continues much below
the top level touched soon after the
year opened, the prevailing figure of
31.70c. comparing with 33.30c. on
As an important factor operating
against sustained strength in cotton
prices, there has been the continued
apprehension of government price
control, which was apparently made
more real by the restrictions imposed
on coffee trading this week. It is
pointed out that the official regulation
of commodity markets is spreading,
and the possibility of cotton being
included in the list of articles which
have come under Federal supervision
seems to act as a check to aggressive
speculation for higher prices. Also,
the continuance of the Monday holi
day over another week, with its con
sequent interruption of industrial
activities, has affected sentiment ad
versely, and the report of the sinking
of the Tuscania somewhat accentu
ated the bearish feeling. As to new
crop prospects, rising temperatures
and rains in some sections of the belt
were welcomed as tending to put the
soil in good shape in advance of
planting operations, and some esti
mates of the probable acreage 'nave
run up to 40,000,000 acres. On the
other hand, good trade buying has
invariably made its appearance on
any material recession in prices, and
it is considered significant that most
holders of the actual stapl<j in the
South are not disposed to sell, except
at their own figures. ? Dun's Review.
He ? Will you meet me this after
noon for a little chat, dear?
She ? No, Harold; this is one of my
meatless days. ? Baltimore Ameri
HOME GUARD ORGANIZED HERE
With O. I*. Dickerson Captain and E.
F. ^ ard First Lieutenant. Nearly
Fill} Men in the Company. Town
Has Granted the Guard the Use ot
the Opera House to Drill In.
On Friday night, February 1st, the
Smithrield company of the Home
Guard, known as the :52nd Company
North Carolina Infantry, was organ
ized here with a goodly number of
ritirens as members. The company is
composed of the following officers a id
Captain ? O. P. Dickerson.
First Lieutenant ? E. F. Ward.
Second Lieutenant ? W. M. Vnnn.
First Sergeant ? J. A. Massey.
Second Sergeant ? E. P. Lore.
Third Sergeant ? C. B. Register.
Fourth Sergeant ? J. L. Scotton.
Fifth Sergeant ? J. E. Mahler.
Supply Sergeant ? M. A. Wallace.
Mess Sergeant ? W. M. Grantham.
Musician ? W. L. Ellis.
Artificers ? W. S. Peterson and B.
Chaplain ? H. F. Brinson.
Corporals ? L. G. Stevens, E. J.
Wellons, L. E. Sanders, J. 1). Stephen
son and A. M. Noble.
Privates ? Ira W. Keen, D. W. Par
rish, P. E. Whitehead, E. J. Sasser, G.
C. Phillips, R. C. Gillett, L. L. Ennis,
G. II. Davis, W. II. Johnson, II. L.
Graves, Jr., L. H. Sasser, D. F.
Sellers, S. A. Moore, J. C. Winstead,
S. H. Massey, M. L. Adams, J. G.
Hamilton, H. I. Ogburn, (Jhas. A.
Creech, P. B. Creech, C. F. Gordon,
N. M. J.awrence, S. H. Stallings, G.
D. Barbour, W. II. Lassiter, J. II.
Abell, and C. E. Higgins.
The Town Officials have granted the
company the use of the Opera House
to drill in during the evenings. Drills
are being held every Friday night.
The men are beginning to take a live
ly interest in the drill work and
Smithfield expects to have soon a
good company ready for any emer
gency. It is hoped that they can get
uniforms sometimes soon. When they
get these they will feel more like
GOOD MEETING LAST NIGHT.
Enthusiastic Gathering In Court
House. War Savings Stamps Cam
paign Getting Well Under Way.
A good crowd gathered in the court
house last night to consider the War
Savings Stamps campaign. The meet
ing was presided over by County
Chairman T. S. Ragsdale. Rev. S.' A.
Cotton led in prayer and several of
those present were called on for
short talks. Among those who re
sponded we note Mr. W. W. Cole, Rev.
S. A. Cotton, Supt. H. B. Marrow,
Judge F. H. Brooks and others. The
matter was presented to the audience
in its different phases and much en
Supt. Marrow made a good report
from the Turlington Graded School.
Other reports came in. The Boy
Scouts reported pledges for Stamps
to the amount of $735 for the day.
The pledges of the day and night
If all the town^ in the county made
as good a start as Smithfield made
last night, the campaign is now well
on the way.
At the conclusion of the discussion
on the War Savings plan, Judge
Brooks, on behalf of the Red Cross
Chapter, made an appeal for aid for
the sufferers at Atlantic, the little
town which was tornado-swept a few
weeks ago, and a cas^i collection of
$18.72 was taken.
Then Mr. Morton W. Stephens,
representing the War Departtnent
Commission on Training Camp Ac
tivities in Community Organization,
was presented to the audience. He
made a short but enthusiastic speech
appealing for aid in providing clean
and wholesome recreation for the
boys when outside the caihps.
War Costing Billions of Dollars.
.The latest figures available from
tne Secretary of the Treasury indi
cate that the first year of the war will
cost the United States about ten bil
lion dollars. The first ten months
have cost seven billions, or nearly
$24,000,000 a day. The cost is in
creasing at the rate of about $100,
000,000 per month. Of the amount
of the first year's cost about half of
it will be in the loans made to our
HUNS BRUTAL TO ITALIANS.
Sworn Reports From .Many Sources
Reveal German Kultur At Its Best.
Prisoners Starving and Badly
Treated. Italians Treated Worse
Than British Prisoners.
Reuter's Limited, says a London
dispatch in Monday's dailies, has re
ceived sworn statements from British
soldiers who have returned from Ger
man prison camps and hospitals
which reveal systematic brutality
practiced on Italian prisoners. These
reports come from a dozen different
sources and have been confirmed by
independent testimony. The soldiers
who bring this news were released
from prison camps about a month
German Kultur in these camps has
reached a high state. From the re
pots of these released prisoners it
seems that the German .sentries took
special delight in striking the Italian
prisoners with swords and ride butts.
The Italians were famished and the
report says that one band of prison
ers were marched for fifteen days and
given only three meals in that time.
One witness said that three or four
weeks before he left Dulmen two or
three Italian prisoners arrived there.
All of them were virtually starved.
"I saw a German sentry draw his
bayonet against these men and beat
them," said this witness. In Sassel it
is reported that the Italians are treat
ed worse than the British, being
pushed about or struck by German
corporals. At Mannheim the same
brutality is regularly practiced. One
witness said the Italians nlshed
madly for the food and some of them
were baoyneted. The Germans, this
report said, were giving them only
At Munstey it was testified the be
havior of the Germans to the Italians
had become much worse sir. e the re
cent large capture of Italians. These
men have one ration of soup and
Similar conditions prevail at Zar
bst, Anhalt, where Italian prisoners
after five days' journey without food
were driven back by the Germans with
drawn swords as they were going to
get their soup allowance.
OUR SOLDIERS BEHAVE WELL.
Major In Command of Troops on the
Tuscania Says His Men Acted Ad
mirably Under the Stress.
A dispatch sent from a port in Ire
land and published in Sunday's dailies
says that a Major from Washington
who was in command of the Ameri
can soldiers on the Tuscania, said in
speaking of the terrible disaster:
"If they behave as well in France
as they did on the Tuscania there is
no doubt about the outcome of this
Too much praise cannot be heaped
upon them for their calmness- in the
face of disaster at sea which two
thirds of them had never seen before.
A remarkable experience in the di^
aster was had by a Georgia private
who was confined to b?d with pneu
monia. when the torpedo struck the
Tuscania. The Georgian rushed on
deck clad only in a union suit. An
other soldier gave up his coat to cover
the sick man who was lowered into a
lifeboat and soon found himself on a
trawler where he sat on a windswept
deck for hours. When he was landed
here he felt so fully recovered from
his illness that he could not be in
duced to go to the hospital.
GERMANS AITER AMERICANS.
Reported That They Ambushed Ten
and Got Nine of Them.
An Associated Press dispatch dated
Saturday and sent from the Ameri
can Army in France says that five
Americans were probably killed, four
missing and one wounded when an
American patrol was ambushed by
the Germans in No Man's Land Fri
day night. Only one American is
known to have escaped from the trap
laid in front of the American wires.
The one survivor crawled back to
camp badly wounded in the chest and
is unable to speak.
Our artillery immediately laid a
barrage around the ambushing Ger
mans and some are believed to 'nave
been accounted for. The infantry ac
counted for others, as it is certain
the attacked patrol fought to a finish,
according to information trickling in
from the front line.