North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
SMITHFIELD, N. C., TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1918.
SUNDAY'S WAR SUMMARY.
American Troops Making a Re
cord on Three Fronts.
Are Already Yeterans and Have
Tested All Huns Have to
OlTer Except Massed
No Signs of Big Gernfan Offensive
Yet and Bombardments and
Raids Chief Activities.
Russian Armistice Ends. Apparent
Threat of Resumption of
American troops in France njw are
in battle on three sectors ? on their
own line east of St. Mihiel and with
the Frcnch in the Champagne, and on
one of the most famous battlefronts
in the world, where ruined villages
and the devastated country generally
tell the tale of hardfoujiflit battles
when the Germans pushed forward
their line and ultimately were driven
back by the French.
And everywhere the Americans are
proving themselves fighters of the
highest calibre, winning encomiums
from high French officers for their
business-ike methods of warfare and
especially their skill in the use of ar
tillery. Already the men are veter
ans, for nothing the Germans have in
stock remains to be shown them ex
cept a great mass attack. Thus far
everything that has been tried by the
enemy against them has been dis
counted and in some instances doubly
Stories from the front by The As
sociated Press tell of the intrepidity
of the men in trench reading opera
tions, of their coolness under fire and
in returning fire, the accuracy of aim
of the gunners and the intense watch
fulness at observation posts to see
that the enemy obtains no under ad
vantage in a surprise attack.
The only criticism thus far heard
regarding the Americans is their de
sire to be up and at the enemy. Like
^Jioir brothers of the north ? the Can
adians ? they are hard to hold in re
straint. As one distinguished French
officer expressed it: "They are too
anxious to get at grips with the
-from tTioir rlnilv tnslc of
knocking down the German trenches
and dugouts with their guns, the lat
est experience of the Americans, and
a thrilling one, was a night patrol,
during which the Germans, after the
Americans had passed their first line
of wire entanglements heavily charg
ed the wire behind the patrol with
electricity. Cooly, the Americans lay
down until the danger was passed and
returned to their trenches, nobody
There still is no indication of the
near approach of the expected big of
fensive by the Germans along the line
in France and Belgium. The opera
tions consist almost entirely of mutu
al bombardments and minor attacks
by raiding parties. The roar cf the
big guns is greatest in the Champage
region on several sectors, particularly
near Tohure, where one unit of the
Americans is fighting shoulder to
shoulder with the French. Likewise
all along the Italian front from Lake
Garad to the middle of the Piave
river artillery engagements are in
Saturday night's attempted air raid
on London proved a failure, only one
German airplane of the six that came
across the water reaching the capital
through the heavy barrage sent up by
the British anti-aircraft batteries.
One of the enemy planes is reported
to have been forced doWn into the sea
with British aviators as a result of
the fight in the air.
The armistice between the Germans
and the Russians has ended, according
to an official communication issued in
Beirlin. In giving notice of the term
ination of the agreement to cease hos-.
tilities, this communication contains
the grave statement that Germany re
serves a free hand in every direction.
Whether the Germans anticipate an
immediate attack on the Russians has
not developed, but undoubtedly they
s tense feeing between the German
mlitary officials and the Bolsheviki by
reason of the fact that Leon Trotzky,
the Bolsheviki foreign minister, has
not met the desires of Germany to
frame a separate peace treaty with
Dispatches from Petrograd. indicate
that German soldiers have declined to
obey their commanders to move to the
French front and even have given bat
tle to brothers in arms who endeavor
FRIDAY PATRIOTIC RALLY.
Many Johnston County Schools to
Observe Washington's Birthday
With Patriotic Exercises. .Thrift
and War Savings Stamps To Be
Brought Prominently Before the
Next Friday is Washington's Birth
day. The schools of Johnston County,
with few exceptions, will give a pa
triotic program on that day. In many
schools the North Carolina Day
program whic hcould not be given in
December in many places on account
of the severe weather will be given
next Friday. A Washington Birth
day program has been prepared by
the State Department of Education,
in which thrift is emphasized. This
will be given in many schools in con
nection with the North Carolina Day
program. In every school the War
Savings Stamp plan is to be made
If the movement to sell forty-eight
million dollars worth of War Savings
Stamps in North Carolina in the year
1918 is to be successful the schools
will have to have a very prominent
part in it. For this reason every
school in Johnston County that has a
special program next Friday is ex
pected to give War Savings Stamps
a big place on .that program.: At
many schools outside speakers will be
present to tell the folks about this im
portant subject. Every speaker and
every teacher should have both War
Savings and Thrift Stamps at every
school in the County next Friday.
The County Superintendent of
Schools, Prof. Royall, and the County
Chairman of the War Savings Com
mittee, Mr. Ragsdale, are both right
behind the movement. Let every
teacher and every other person re
member that next Friday is Patriotic
Rally Day for War Savings Stamps
and do their best to arouse the peo
ple to the great importance of this
v Three Men Die.
We learned yesterday of three
deaths which occurred at the end of
the week in the southern part of the
On Friday evening, Mr. John Aus
tin Philips, who lived near Benson,
died and was buried at Hannah's
Creek Sunday. He was between forty
and fifty years of age. He was a mem
ber of Hannah's Creek Primitive Bap
Early Sunday morning over near
the Harnett line Mr. Martin Stancil
passed away. He was buried Sunday
afternoon in the family burying
Mr. John Alex Wilson, of Dunn,
also died the latter part of the week
at a Richmond hospital where he had
gone for treatment. He was buried
in the Shady Grove section of Samp
son County. He was one of the first
settlers of Dunn.
Court to Adjourn Today.
Johnston County Superior Court
convened here yesterday morning for
a two weeks term for the trial of civil
cases only. Jud?e H. W. Whedbee, of
Greenville, is presiding.
The calendar was taken up and
when it was found that Mr. Ed. S.
Abell, of the firm of Abell & Ward,
who was too sick to appear for his
clients, was connected with so many
cases on the calendar and that these
cases would have to be continued, it
was decided to adjourn early in the
week. Accordingly the jurymen were
excused yesterday afternoon. This
morning a few cases of minor impor
tance will be heard and few judg
ments signed and the session will be
over for this term.
News has reached us of th3 mar
riage on Sunday, February 10, of Mr.
Robert C. Barbour and Miss Eleanor
A. Lassiter in Elevation township.
The ceremony was performed by Mr.
J. S. Johnson, J. P. The ages of the
contracting parties are in the neigh
borhood of three score and ten.
ed to force them to do so. In Petro- j
grad, at last accounts, marked dis
orders were still prevailing, there be
ing indiscriminate shooting and loot
An Amsterdam dispatch says that
Rumania intends under certain con
ditions to enter into peace negota
tions with the central power.1?. ? As
sociated Press Summary.
POLAND TROUBLING GERMANY.
Threatens To Shatter Central Pow
ers' Hope of Peace on East Front.
Poles Up in Arms Because Part of
Their Territory Was Promised to
Ukraine. Germany Probably is
Planning to Attack Bolsheviki
Forces in Northern Russia.
(Associated Press Summary in
Germany has suddenly found her
self involved in a maze of dificulties
on the astern front and in danger of
losing all the large benefits she was
clamly preparing to realize from her
peace with the Ukraine and the Bol
shevik withdrawal of Russia for the
war. Poland, that land which so fre
quently in the course of history has
proved a thorn in the side of military
conquerors, is threatening to consti
tute herself the rock on which the
German hope of peace and gainful ex
pansion in the east may be shattered.
Poles Up In Arms.
Embittered by the tearing off of a
strip of their territory to be given the
Ukraine for breaking away from the
Bolsheviki and signing a peace with
the central powers the Poles are in
what appears to be virtually a state
of revolution. Even the very weapon
which Germany and Austria were at
such pains to forge in the hope of de
riving military benefit ? the Polish
army ? bids fair to be turned against
Papers Express Alarm.
Reports in the German newspapers
which express dismay and alarm over
the Polish situation indicate that the
Polish legations, now an effective mil
itary force, are on /the side of the
prevalent Polish sentiment of bitter
ness against the central powers. The
situation has grown so serious that
the military are patrolling the streets
Austria Particularly Involved.
Austria-Hungary is particularly in
volved in the difficulties because cf the
prominent part which it was expected
she would pay in the future govern
ment of Poland. The Polish elements
and those sympathizing with them in
the dual monarchy are up in arms
over the situation and further internal
troubles are threatened.
Turning to the north, it already has
been reported that Germany purposes
resuming military operations against
northern Russia, and this report gains
color by the announcement that the
commissions representing the central
powers at Petrograd have left the
Russian capital and passed within the
Austria Standing Aloof.
' The probable German purpose to
attack the Bolsheviki is also indicated
in a Vienna dispatch declaring that if
Germany decided to resume military
operations against Russia "the atti
tude of Austria" would not be in
fluenced thereby. This would seem to
mean that Austria intends to leave
Germany to fight the battle alone in
north Russia. Whether she hopes to
keep up connections with the Petro
grad government meanwhile is not
clear, but a Sofia dispatch declares
that Bulgaria is doing that very thing,
having "resumed diplomatic relations
with Russia." However, all the cen
tral powers are in agreement over the
situation, it is declared.
MAILS LATE AM) IRREGULAR.
Occasionally we have letters from
our subscribers complaining about the
failure of The Herald to reach them
on time. We cannot help this. The
Herald has been, with very few ex
ceptions, put in the post office at
Smithfield on schedule time. The
post office here has been prompt at
all times in mailing The Herald. So
the fault is not in The Herald office
nor in the Smithfield post, office. The
irregularities of the trains and rural
routes is the chief cause of the de
lays. The weather has been bad, the
roads have been in bad condition and
the trains passing Smithfield have
been all the way from two to six hours
late, and these things account for
the failure of our subscribers 'to re
ceive their papers on time.
When the weather gets warmer and
the roads improve, and the trains run
on time, our subscribers will receive
their papers ?n time.
Whitsctt Institute, located near
Greensboro, was burned early Sunday
morning, entailing a loss of $15,000
to $20,000. The school, of which Prof.
W. T. Whitsett was President, was
established about 30 years ago and
had about 100 students this year.
AT THE CAPITAL OF BEULAH.
kenly State High School Activities.
Each High School Student to Buy
Five Dollars .in War Savings
Stamps During Month. Olticers of
M. E. Church and Societies, Pris
cilla Club Entertained by .Mrs. H.
Kenly, February lti. ? Each of the
literary societies of the school ren
dered an excellent program Friday
afternoon. The girls debated the
question providing for compulsory
arbitration of industrial disputes,
while the boys discussed the question
stating that athletics sports should
form a part of every educational sys
tem. The affirmative in each society
The classes of the high school are
manifesting a good deal of interest in
school activities. Each class has be
come organized during the present
week, and each class has adopted cer
tain resolutions for the advancement
of the interests of the school. From
now on, the high school will render
two chapel programs each week; the
classes have determined to co-operate
in beautifying the school grounds; and
each student has resolved to buy at
least $5.00 worth of War Savings
Stamps during the month.
The officers for the different grades
are lis follows: The tenth grade elect
ed Floyd Wellons as president, Viron
Edgerton as vice-president, and
Myrtle Watson as secretary and
Treasurer. Tile ninth grade elected
Edgar Bailey as president; Alice
Grice as vice-president, and Lester
Godwin as secretary and treasurer.
The eighth grade elected Alma kirby
as president, Harrie Stancil' as vice
president, and Inez Watscn as secre
tary and treasurer.
Mrs. H. P. Johnson, seventh grade
teacher and director of the Junior Red
Cross society, is planning to give a
play in the school auditorium at night
on the first of March. A large num
ber of students of the school have
been selected as the characters in the
rrlay. Proceeds will be for the bene
fit of the Red Cross Society. Another
shipment of clothing has been sent to
to our Southern headquarters at
Atlanta, and the Red Cross work
of the community is making satisfac
The people of the community are
much pleased that the Reverend C. P.
Jerome, pastor of the Methodist
church, has very nearly recovered
from his recent illness. He has filled
his regular appointments since the
first of the week, and last Sunday he
inaugurated the officers of the various
organizations of the church. Mr. J.
C. Bowman was made chairman of
the Board of Stewards; Mr. L. Z.
Woodard succeeded Mr. J. R. Sauls as
Superintendent of the Sunday school;
and Professor M. B. Andrews succeed
ed himself as Lay Leader for the
Circuit. Mrs. R. A. Turlington was
made president of the Woman's Mis
sionary Society; Miss Mae Wilkinson
became president of the Junior Auxil
r.ry; and Mrs .A. J. Broughton be
came Superintendent of the little
folks society. \
Mrs. J. V. Bowman was hostess to
the business meeting of the Annie
Benson Wesley class of the Metho
dist Sunday school Monday evening
from seven-thirty to nine.
The meeting was opened with
prayer by the president Mrs. A. J.
Broughton. Reports from the dif
ferent committees showed that the
class did splendid work last year. The
following officers were elected: Teach
er, Mrs. C.. P. Jerome; assistant
teacher, Miss Enjma Matthews; pres
ident, Mrs. A. J. Broughton; vice
president, Mrs. C. F. Darden; secre
tary,' Mrs. R. T. Fulghum; treasurer,
Mrs. J. C. Bowman. After the elec
tion of officers a salad course was
served by the hostess assisted by Mrs.
R. A. Turlington.
The Woman's Missionary Society of
the Methodist church held its monthly
meeting at the parsonap* Monday
afternoon, February 11. The devo
tional exercises were led by Mrs. H.
M. Grizzard, after which the business
was transacted by the president, Mrs.
R. A. Turlington. All the 1918 pledge
being raised, and two new members
received, the Mission Study Class was
then conducted by Mrs. C. P. Jerome
using the book "The South To-Day."
The Priscilla 'club was entertained
on Thursday afternoon by Mrs. H. ^
Edgerton at her home on Maxwelton
Heights. The guests were met at the
door by the hostess, and were then
ushered into the parlor. As usual,
fancy work, laughter and chatter
CARTER'S SCHOOL BOX PARTY, i
War Savings and Patriotic Rally with <
Address by Professor M. H. An
drews. Several Peaple Pledge to
Buy War Savings Stamps.
Kenly, Feb. 16. ? A War Savings
Patriotic Rally was held at Carter's
school Friday night. Professor M. B.
Andrews, Superintendent of the
Kenly schools ,was the chief speaker
on the program. Mr. Herbert Young,
Principal, opened the exercises by
stating the purpose of the meeting, i
The Reverend J. G. Johnson, of
Smithfield, offered prayer anl intro
duced Professor Andrews. The songs
were of a patriotic nature, and the
flag drill, in which the upper-class
students waved flags of the various
allied nations, was especially impres
Professor Andrews spoke on "Pa
triotism: A Duty and a Privilege."
Several of the citizens responded to
the address by signing the War Sav
ings Stamp pledge card agreeing to
buy a specified number of stamps dur
ing the present year. Immediately
after the patriotic rally, Mr. Albert
Holland conducted a box party for the
benefit of the school library, realizing
something more than forty-seven dol
M. E. Baracas Meet.
The M. E. Baracas held a special
meeting Thursday night at Woodall's
store and the following officers were
M. B. Strickland, President.
H. C. Woodall, Vice-President.
Dixon Wallace, Secretary and
G. T. Whitley, Teacher.
S. A. Cotton, Assistant Teacher.
J. E. Lasley, Reporter.
It was a very enthusiastic meeting,
and a vote of thanks was given their
retiring President and Teacher,
Messrs. W. C. Ward and E. J. Wel
lons for their faithful services.
After discussing War News and
class matters they adjourned, every
one promising to co-operate with the
President in the upbuilding of the
class. ? Reporter.
Patriotic Program at Princeton.
Princcton, N. C., Feb. 18. ? On Fri
day, February 22nd, at 1:30 p. m., a
patriotic program wil be given by the
Princeton Graded School. Supt.
Royall will adress the school. The
parents are cordially invited to come.
Also on Friday night at 8:00 o'clock
a pie party and musical program will
Seaboard Clerks Win.
The railway clerks on the Seabovd
Air Line Railroad have won in their
fight fcr an eight-hour day and an in
crease of 20 per cent in wages. The
agreement is made effective from
October 15, 1917.
In Memory of a Friend.
It is with a sad heart that we chron
icle the death of Mrs. Willie E. Black
man, which occurred at her home
February 7th, 1918, at 12 o'clock P. M.
She was born June 24th, 1888, mak
ing her stay on earth 30 years, eight
months and eight days. There was
never a more devoted wife and moth
er; always ready to lend a helping
hand to any one that needed her assis
tance. Mrs. Blackman had been a
great sufferer for several months
with chronic rheumatism and other
Sister Mary was married to Willie
R. Blackman in February, 1904. To
this union was born four children,
three surviving her. She was a con
sistent member of the Baptist church
at Hood's Grove.
She leaves an aged father and
mother, three sisters, three brothers
and a host of friends to mourn after
her, but we cannot weep as those that
have no hope; for our loss is her
"Safe in the arms of Jesus,
Safe on His gentle breast,
There by His love o'er shaded,
Sweetly her soul shall rest."
were indulged in. The hostess, as- j
sisted by Mrs. C. .F. Harden, served
delicious hot chocolate and sanwiches.
wfter which a course of Jelatin and j
wafers was served. The invited j
guests were Mrs. C. P. Jerome, Mrs.
C. E. Clark, Mrs. M. B. Andrews, Miss
Gladys Barnes Wallace, Miss Lena !
Marlcy and Miss Augusta McKcithen.
3 AVE THE HENS AND HELP WIN.
Drdcr About Trading in Live and
Freshly Dressed Pullets and Hens
Applies Only to Licensed Dealers,
Principally Cold Storage Con
cerns. Every Poultry Owner Urged
To Refrain From Selling or Slaugh
tering Hens or Pullets.
Raleigh, Feb. 16. ? There has been
considerable confusion throughout
North Carolina as a result of the
published order of the Food Adminis
tration affecting the trade in live and
freshly dressed hens and pullets.
According to State Food Administra
tor, Henry A. Page this order does
not affect local trade in North Caro
lina, since it applies only to licensed
dealers, principally the cold storage
Every owner of a flock of poultry
is being urged as a patriotic duty to
refrain from selling for slaughter any
hens or pullets. Every hen that is
sold before the first of May will rep
resent a food loss to the nation of not
less than 30 eggs. If the average
number of hens and pullets usually
sold from February 1st to May 1st
is sold this year it will cause an ag
gregate loss of 150,000,000 eggs. The
value of these eggs is 80 per cent to
100 per cent of the actual value of the
hens. The program heing urged by
the Food Administration and the De
partment of Agriculuture will not en
tail a loss to the farmer but an ac
The co-operation of all consumers
of poultry products is also requested.
They are asked to forego the use of
fowls on their taWle during the next
few weeks except male stock.
There will be a box party at Reho
both School (Elevation No. 7) Thurs
day nig'at, February 21st. A cake
will be given to the prettiest girl, and
the boy who votes most will help eat
the cake. There will also be a guess
ing contest and a prize given. Will
try to arrange to have a speaker.
Proceeds will go to lengthen term of
Remembering the Soldiers.
The Woman's Club of Smithfield
sent on Friday of last week a case of
fifty-five glasses of jelly to the con
valescent soldiers at the Base Hospi
tal at Camp Sevier. They sent also
a box of magazines to Camp Green on
which thti express was prepaid by
Messrs. Hubert and Edward Woodall.
POLENTA SCHOOL NOTES.
North Carolina Day will be observ
ed at Polento Friday, February 22.
The public is cordially invited to at
tend. The program for the day is as
Flag Drill ? By twelve little girls.
Song: Columbia, the Gem of the
Ocean ? By the school.
Invocation ? By Mary Ellington.
Reading: Your Flag and My Flag ?
By Allen Coates.
Pageant: Liberty and her Allies ?
Reading: Thrift Month ? By Ethel
Song: Old North State.
Reading: Conservation and Thrift
? By Mary Booker.
Declamation: Why We are Fight
ing Germany ? By Joe Ellington.
Piano Solo: The School Flag,
Spaulding ? By Mary Booker.
Declamation: Makers of the Flag ?
By Joe Young.
Declamation: Our Country Ac
cepts the Challenge ? By Kenneth
Reading: The Old Flag Forever ?
By Millard Coats.
Patriotic Address ? By Rev. S. A.
House Burned Sunday.
Last Sunday afternoon the house
of Mr. Albert Youngblood who lives
about four miles west of Smithfield
was totally destroyed Ly lire, not any
of the contents being saved. The
family was away from home when the
fire occurred and were unable to save
any clothing except what they had on.
It is supposed that the fire was caused
by the careless handling of matchcs
by some children. The loss falls
heavily on the family. A small
amount of insurance was carried on