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Our Part in Feeding the Nation
(Special Information Service. D. 8. Department of Agriculture.)
STRAWBERRIES FROM SUMMER TO FROST
Planted April This Field of an Everbearing Type Gave a Crop the Follow
Long-Season Strawberries Have
Passed Trial Period.
OF REAL VALUE FOR MARKET >
Heretofore "Everbearing" Varieties
Have Been Grown Chiefly by Ama
teurs and Commercial Grow
ers ? Crop First Season.
Strawberries from your garden
throughout summer and autumn are
now a possibility as the result of the
perfection of "everbearing" varieties
of this delicate berry. Everbearing
strawberries are not a brand now dis
covery, but heretofore they have been
grown chiefly by amateurs and com
mercial growers who have tested them
In comparison with ordinary sorts. In
a recent publication of the United
States department of agriculture an
nouncement is made that a sutlicient
number of trials of these varieties now
have been completed to Indicate their
real value for home use and for mar
ket in certain sections of the country.
Primarily a Northern Type.
The regions where it is known that
everbearing varieties can be grown
extend as far soutli as the northern
parts of Virginia, Kentucky, Arkansas
und Kansas. South of these limits
there are probably points where they
may be grown with some degree of
success, but they are not definitely
known to succeed there.
The two leading varieties of this
type of strawberry, the Progressive
and the Superb, are notable not only
because they produce fruit from the
time of the usual crop until late sum
mer or autumn, but also because they
are exceptionally resistant to leaf
Upot diseases. They are also very
hardy. The Progressive has been found
to withstand the winters of the middle
West better than any other variety ex
cept the Dunlap, one of its parents.
The Superb also is hardier than most
varieties of strawberries. Another re
markable characteristic of these varie
ties is that if their blooms are killed
by frost they soon flower again. There
fore in many sections subject to late
spring frosts, which often destroy the
crop, these varieties are particularly
Small Crop First Season.
If plants of the everbearing type are
set early in the spring, a small crop
$ SET STRAWBERRIES EARLY
TO GET FRUIT FIRST YEAR
Early spring ? as soon as you
can get Into the garden ? is the
time to set "everbearing" straw
berries, or. in fact, any straw
berries. With such an early
start a larger crofi of fruit can
be obtained the lirst year. The
plants also have opportunity to
become established and to de
velop better root systems before
beginning to fruit. The mark
edly different behavior of the
long-season varieties has led to
the development of cultural
practices differing in special de
tails from those followed in the
production of standard sorts.
Directions for the culture of the
everbearing types, in so far as
the methods differ from ordi
nary practices with strawber
ries, are given in Farmers' Bui
letin iJOl of the U. S. depart
ment of rgriculturp.
can be IuhI the first season. Plants
which have been wet for a year give
a fair yield at the time the usual
strawberry crop Is borne. For the
period Immediately after this early
summer crop the amount of fruit se
cured Is small. In August, September
and October It becomes larger and un
der favorable conditions the late sum
mer or autumn crop from certain vari
eties may equal or exceed the early
summer crop. Thus instead of a con
stant supply throughout the season
there is a distinct early summer crop,
+ KINDS OF EVERBEARERS
AVAILABLE TO GROWERS +
Thirteen varieties of "ever
bearing" strawberries are in the
trade at present. They are: Ad
vance, Amerlcus, Autumn, For
ward, Francis, Iowa, Onward,
Pan American, Peerless, Produc
tive, Progressive, Standpat and
Superb. Iu addition, a variety
known as the Minnesota No.
1017, distributed by the Minne
sota State Horticultural society
and the Minnesota agricultural
experiment station, has been In
troduced. Only two of the va
rieties Introduced, the Progres
sive and the Superb, have been
widely grown as yet. The Amer
lcus Is grown to a slight extent
and the others very little. The
Minnesota No. 1017 has been
widely tested In Minnesota and
Is grown to a slight extent In
surrounding states. Farmers'
Bulletin 901 of the United
States department of agricul
ture describes these varieties In
detail and discusses their suit
ability to different sections.
then a period of comparative rest
when little fruit Is produced, followed
hy u long period when ti fairly uniform
amount of fruit is borne.
Weather conditions play an Impor
tant part In the amount of fruit pro
duced during the summer and autumn.
Only when the moisture supply and
other climatic conditions are favorable
can the yield be constant. For this
reason the results obtained from the
everbearing varieties have varied
greatly in the different sections of the
country, and in different years. If a
long drought occurs while the plants
are fruiting, the berries become small
and tli*> plants finally cease to bear.
Therefore they ure not well adapted
to sections having long droughts ex
cept when irrigation can be supplied.
Territories Produce More.
The two million people in Alaska
Hawaii, 1'orto ltlco, and Guam are try
ins to do their part for the food sup
ply. Through its experiment station*
in these possessions the United State*
. department of agriculture early in tin
emergency started campaigns to in
crease food production. To make the
territories less dependent upon th<
mainland of this country for their sup
plies is the aim of the federal work
ers. Important results already hav?
Porto Itico, which formerly Imported
more than $800,yoo worth of beans an
nually from the mainland, now is in a
position to export this product. The
Alaska stations have greatly increased
the areas sown to grains and now are
able to meet increased demands for
seed grains locally adapted. The Guam
station is distributing larger quanti>
ties of seeds and plants for cultivation
by the natives, with prospects of an
increased production of food. Hawaii
' also has materially increiiscd its pro
, duction of food crops. Before the war
! Hawaii and Porto ltlco imported some
$20,000,000 worth of food supplies from
j this country annually. Many of the ar
| tides Imported can be grown success
fully in these islands.
There seems to be a considerable
number of farmers who think that the
potash used in fertilizers at the pres
ent time is not as good or as valua
ble as that formerly supplied by the
German potash salts. The principal
forms of potash supplied by the Ger
man potash salts used in fertilizers
were kainit, muriate of potash, sul
phate of potash, manure salts and
doubled manure salts. These mate
rials furnished the potash in the form
of muriate (the same as chloride), or
sulphate. A small amount of carbon
ate of potash was used on a very re
stricted area of tobacco in Connecti
cut, as this form was considered the
best for cigar tobacco. However, as
the carbonate was so much higher in
price than the other forms it was used
to a very limited extent.
American potash is obtained at
present from the Nebraska lakes,
cement flue dust, ash from molasses
residue and ashes of various sorts,
and the potash in all of these mate
rials exists in the form of sulphate
and carbonate, with a very small
amout in the form of chloride. The
alunite deposits of Utah supply pot
ash in the form of a very high grade
sulphate, while Searless Lake, Cali
forn ia, the Great Salt Lake, Utah,
also help supply potash in the form of
muriate. Tobacco Stems furnish a
considerable amount of potash, exist
ing in the form of nitrate and organic
compounds. Cottonseed meal, soja
bean meal, and peanut meal are all
used in fertilizers and contain come
potash, varying from one to two per
cent., which exists in the form of
The materials used to supply the
potash for most of the fertilizers
made in the eastern and southern sec
tion of the country are Niebraska
potash, flue dust, ashes, tobacco
stems, cottonseed meal, and soja bean
meal, and, as stated above, the pot
ash exists in these materials as sul
phate, carbonate, nitrate and organic
forms, which are the Very best for
crop production, and are espeically
good for tobacco and potatoes. From
the above it is plain that the form of
German potash is no better, if as
good, as that furnished from Ameri
All of the State laws require that
the potash guaranteed in fertilizers
be water soluble or available, conse
quently all of the potash which is
guaranteed in fertilizers and which is
reported on by the state departments
is water soluble or available. It will
tlius be seen that the American pot
ush is as good as, or better, than that
furnished by the German potash salts
Therefore, the farmers need have no
fear in using fertilizers containing
American potash, for such potash will
give just a sgood results as any that
has been used, or that can be used. ?
The Southern Planter.
BROGDEN SCHOOL NEWS.
Miss Elizabeth McGee, of Mount
Olive, is visiting her sister, Miss Alice
Misses Culberth, Elizabeth and
Alice McGee spent Wednesday after
noon in Smithfield.
Miss Ada Perry is spending the
week-end at her home at Barium
Mr. and Mrs. J. Rufus Creech
spent Wednesday night with Mr. and
Mrs. G. L. Jones in Smithfield.
Our society is progressing very
nicely. The programs are very inter
esting, and the people of the com
munity are taking great interest in
society work, and we think this is
due to our most efficient president
Miss Alice McGee.
Mr. Felder Bailey, of Camp Sevier,
Greenville, S. C., spent a few days
with home folks last week.*
Following is the honor roll for
Primary ? Clyde Davis, Mildred
Creech and Harvey Tiner.
Intermediate ? Albert and Arthur
Gardner, Erma Creech, Inez Gardner,
Willie Mozingo, Nancy Jane Creech.
Grammar Gr ides wll come in next
week's paper. ? A. P.
February 16, 1918.
M ay Buy Small Packages Flour.
Raleigh, Feb. 1(5. ? North Carolina
householders and retail merchants
will welcome the announcement that
the Milling Division of the Food Ad
ministration hasissued a new ruling
which will allow the packing and salt
of 12 pound bags of flour. The use
of 12 pound bags was prohibited sev
eral weeks ago before the recent com
bination sale order was dreamed of.
It has been found desirable now to
have smaller packages.
His Working Schedule.
"Hi>\y long has that clerk worked
for you?" asked the Caller.
"About four hours," replied the
"I thought he had been here longer
than that," said the Caller.
"He has," said the Boss. "He has
been here for four months." ? Mil
ah? Goes Right
On every suc
farm or ranch today
will be found one
or more gasoline
engines. Power is
used wherever pos
sible. The desire
for economy and
efficiency and the
realization that run
ning a farm is a real
L has brought this
^ m ?
me tnousanas ot "JNew-Way" engines i>i use on tne American
Continent have demonstrated that more real money can be made with
the help of the right engine than by an actual cash investment in six
months pay and keep for a hired man.
Hired help is seldom reliable and always tumbling. The "New
Way" engine is always reliable and never grumbles or gets cranky Sum
mer or Winter.
DO AWAY WITH ThE WATER NUISANCE
The "New-Way" is waterless. Water in an engine or the lack of it is
always a source Oi trouble, annoyance and possible expense. It freezes in
Winter and buiis away in Summer.
ASK YOUR DEALER ABOUT "NEW-WAY" ENGINES
Your dealer will be gladi to show you these engines and explain their
rr.r.n y points of superiority . Ho will tell you how the "New-Way"
diflora from the common type c. mail o:a^r engine. He will pliow you
tint regardless of prieo i'. .otter buy for you. You won't be asked
t ~ pay your mon?v for an engine which you know only from a p' ture
ana then more money fur freight and express.
[>UY BEFORE PRiC?5 GO UP
Scarcity of material is making a shortage of engines of ail kinds. This is sure to result
in higher prices and th.it soor.. Buy nov.*. F-5
"Ncw-Wcy" En- ? - * ? " ?* r* J/fV See th?? "New
rhinos are C tsaran- * f * ^ ^ ; ? Way" Dealer
teed for Life. tJ.KSaEG9 KZGMGAM, ff.&.A. First.
"New-Way" Special Agents
COTTER HARDWARE CO., Smithfield, N. C.
\RAR SAVING!) STAMPS I
ICSULO BY TKF.
Mr. Farmer, Name Your Farm---Then let us Print you some
Stationery- -It costs but little more than the unprinted
kind, and is much more satisfactory.
"On the Inside Looking Out"
No matter how chilly it is outside, you're always
comfortable if you have a Perfection Oil Heater
in the house. You can carry it upstairs and down,
wherever extra warmth is needed. The Perfection
is economical, convenient, efficient.
Now used in over 8,000,000 homes.
Use it with Aladdin Security Oil ? eight hours of
warmth from a gallon.
STANDARD OIL COMPAN Y (New Jersey)
Washington, D. C.
Charlotte, N. C.
Charleston, W. Va.
Charleston, S. C.