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The Smithfield Herald
PublisheJ Every Tuesday and Friday.
BEATY & LASSITER
Smithfield. N. C.
Editors and Proprietors,
Cash in Advance.
RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION:
One Year, $1.50
Eight Months,... ? 1.00
Six Months, ? ....... .75
Three Months, ? ... ? - .40
Entered at the Post Office at Smith
field, Jolmston County, N. C., aa
"WITH OUR BACKS AGAINST THE
The past four days have been anxi
ous ones with all the allies. They
have been watching the progress of
the German machine against our
English Allies and have looked on the
scene through optimistic glasses
though with fear and trembling.
When Field Marshal Douglas Huig
issued his special order Friday,
stating that "with our backs to the
wall, each one of us must fight to the
end," the seriousness of the situation
was brought home to many who had
not fully realized it before.
After reciting the terrible on
slaughts of the Germans and the
bravery with which the English had
met the foe, Marshal Ilaig conclud
ed as follows:
"Many among us are now tired.
To those I would say that victory
will belong to the side which holds
out the longest. The French army is
moving rapidly and with great force
to our support. There is no other
course open to us but to fight it out.
Every position must be held to the
last man. There must be no retire
ment. With our backs to the wall
and believing in the justice of our
cause, each one of us must fight to the
end. The safety of our homes and
the freedom of mankind depend alike
upon the conduct of each one of us
at this critical moment."
These words will go down in history
as the words of a great military
leader in a crucial hour and the world
is today looking on with undying ad
miration for the men who shall stand
with their backs against the wall and
heroically fight to the last ditch for
the freedom of humanity. May
their sublime courage and heroic acts
stay the hand of the foe of the world
as steel meets steel in France and
JUST A LITTLE MOltE.
The majority of the home owners
of Johnston County do not pay taxes
on more than two thousand dollars
valuation of property. Many of them
do not pay on that much. But for the
sack of argument we will grant that
the majority of the home owners
pay taxes on two thousand dollars
worth of property as it stands on the
tax books. The increase of taxes ask
ed for the schools is only 15 cents on
the hundred dollars worth of proper
ty. This would mean that the mas
paying taxes on two thousand dol
lars worth of property would pay an
additionad tax for schools of three
dollars each year. He may say that
that much won't count for much. But
let him remember that several thous
and of these small amounts will
amount to a considerable sum when
all are added together. Three dollars
additional to one's taxes each year for
the sake of schools is in itself a small
thing. But when we come to measure
the results of such a tax over the en
tire county we can readily see the
great importance of it. To stand by
the schools at this time is an act of
patriotism and we should not forget
this. No man should vote in the elec
tion on April 30th without carefully
weighing the result of his action.
I Unless more money is secured some
^ way for our schools many Johnston
[County schools will not be open next
f1 winter. This would be a calamity
that few Communities could afford.
The remedy is before us: Vote for
the county wide tax election for
REPUBLICAN PARTY FOR _EDU
The Republican State Convention
held in 'Greensboro last week went
o* record strong for education. They
could not afford to do otherwise. It
would be suicide to any party in this
Twentieth Century to stand out
against education. There are some
folks who are slow to take hold of
any new move, but the question of
education is as old as the Nation itself
and everybody nowadays is, or should
be, in favor of every move which
^neans for the betterment of the peo
ple along educational lines.
Here is, in part, what the Republi
can party has to say about education
in its platform adopted last week:
"The advantages of education were
never more necessary than now in the
preparation of the youth of our
country for the larger duties and res
ponsibilities and the fiercer competi
tion in all the activities of life that
are sure to follow this world-wide
war. The Republican party of North
(Carolina therefore heartily favors the
amendment to the constitution of this
state securing a six months' school
term in every school district of the
"We heartily favor better pay for
all our public school teachers and de
dare that there should be no dis
crimination in the pay of teachers of
equal grade, whether male or female."
This pronouncement will be hailed
with delight by the friends of educa
May 1st is nearly here. This is
the general election year. It is im
portant that every person who wants
to vote in the Fall elections pay his
poll tax before May 1st.
The registration books for the
special school election will close next
Saturday and all those who fail to get
their names on the books by the close
of that day will not have the oppor
tunity to vote in the election to be
held on April 30th. This is one of the
most important elections held in
Johnston County in a great many
years and every man should study the
question and vote. It matters not
how many times one has registered
before he must register'again if he
votes in this election.
There is not n town in Johnston
County that gets anywhere near the
amount for its schools from the gen
eral tax fund that it pays in. Many
folks would be surprised if they knew
how much money is paid in taxes for
schools in the towns that is used to
carry on the work of the country
schools. The towns and the rural
districts are now in the same boat ?
they all need more money for their
schools. So the thing to do is for
all to stand together and work for
more money. Everything else is
calling for more money and getting it.
Why leave the schools out?
The Special School Tax election to
be held in Johnston County on Tues
day, April 30, is one of the most im
portant elections held in this county
in many years. The schools aad the
Churches are our most important in
stitutions. Without them we would
drift back into a state bordering on
barbarism. They must be supported.
The future of our life as community
and state depends upon these things.
The members of the churches will
support them. Now it's up to the peo
ple to see that the schools are sup
ported properly. This cannot be done
without more money. That is why the
Johnston County Board of Education
has called the election. This is all
they can do. They are now depending
upon the people of the county to do
their part by voting the small in
crease in taxes. The answer is with
them. Theirs is a great responsibil
ity. How will they meet it?
Out of the Army.
Mr. James H. Hughes, who lives
a few miles east of Smithfield, was
in town Saturday. He enlisted in the
army last July at Goldsboro and went
to Camp Sevier where he was a mem
ber of Company E, 118th Infantry.
He has been given an honorable dis
charge and will not got go back to
the army. Mr. Hughes says that the
boys are ready and anxious to go
across and help the Allies lick the
THAT SCHOOL ELECTION.
The County School authorities have
very wisely decided to put before the
people of this county on the 30th of
April the proposition of an increased
tax for the better support of the
schools of the county. The increase
called for in this election is fifteen
cents on the one hundred dol
lars valuation of property. This
means that if a man has listed his
property at $1000 his tax would be in
creased $1.50. What can the school au
thorities accomplish with this small
amount? What can they give the tax
payers in return for his money? This
is a fair question and one that must
They can (five him longer Bchool
terms. Recently the writer visited a
rural community that had a four and
one half month's school term. The
four and one half months' term was
bad enough but the worst of all was
that two committeemen expressed
themselves as being satisfied with
the short term .They could not obtain
labor and needed their children to
work. The question these men were
considering was, "How long can we
spare our children from the farm?"
while the question should have been
"How lon>? can we by exerting our
selves to the uttermost keep our chil
dren in school?" Their farms exist for
the children and not their children
for their farms. Their term should be
just as long as they can make it.
The next thing the authorities will
be able to do will be to provide bet
ter paid teachers for the schools. Did
you know it to be a fact that the
farm hand on the average farm in
this, and in some other counties, gets
better pay than the average teacher?
Let us have better paid teachers, not
for the sake of the teachers only, but
for the sake of the children as well.
Better paid teachers will teach better.
The teacher must receive a living
wage, otherwise she will be compelled
to go out of the profession and the
schools will consequently suffer.
Many schools in Johnston will re
main closed next year unless teachers
are paid wages higher than are paid
at present. Other counties are facing
the same situation that Johnston is
facing. People every where are re
alizing the serious situation of the
schools, and are coming to realize that
we can never do too much for our
children. The community that in
vests the most in its children will best
be able to stand the shock of war. ?
OUR COl'NTY LIMIT CLUB.
The County Limit Club, of which
no one can become a member who
does not either buy now, or pledge to
buy one thousand dollars worth of ,
War Savings Stamps by December
31, 1918, is steadily growing. The fol
lowing is the complete list of mem- '
bers reported to date:
Mrs. Mamie T. Candler, cf Selma.
Mr. J. Eustace Yelvington, of Cleve- 1
Mr. W. D. A vera, Smithfield.
Dr. L. D. Wharton, of Smithfield.
Mr. M. C. Winston, of Selma.
Mr. George T. Pool, of Smithfield.
Mr. J. D. Boyett, of Smithfield.
Mr. C. P. Harper, of Selma.
Mr. W. H. Austin, of Smithfield.
Mr. F. K. Broadhurst, of Smithfield. ?
Mr. E. F. Boyett, of Smithfield.
Mr. J. Walter Myatt, of Cleveland. ;
Mr. W. M. Sanders, of Smithfield. '
Mr. N. B. Grantham, of Smithfield. 1
Mr. Polie Gardner, of Smithfield. 1
Mr. Preston Woodall, of Benson. 1
Mr. W. W. Cole, of Smithfield.
Mr. T. S. Ragsdale, of Smithfield. 1
Abell and Gray, of Smithfield.
First National Bank, of Smithfield. !
Mr. A. S. Creech, of Smithfield.
Mr. L. Z. Woodard, of Kenly.
Mr. W. H. Call, of Selma.
Mr. S. P. Wood, of Selma.
Mr. C. P. Ellis, of Clayton. J
W. L. Woodall's Sons, of Smithfield.
Mr. Chas. T. Hill, of Smithfield.
Mr. John F. Sanders, of Cleveland.
Mr. P. B. Johnson, of Benson.
Dr. W. T. Martin, of Benson.
Mr. C. L. Sanders, of Cleveland.
Mr. Rufus Sanders, of Bentonville.
Mr. E. W. Pou, of Smithfield.
Miss Alice Grantham, of Smithfield.
Mr. Walter Rand, of Clayton.
Mrs. Ix?na Barbour, of Clayton.
Mrs. Dwight Barbour, of Clayton.
Mr. D. J. Thurston, of Clayton.
Mr. J. A. Vinson, of Clayton.
Mr. Alonzo Parrish, of Benson.
Mr. M. T. Britt, of Benson.
Mr. J. Rufus Creech, of Smithfield, 1
Mr. J. E. Creech, of Smithfield,
Farming & Mercantile Co., of Clay
ton, No. 1.
Mrs. Lou Stucky Howell, of Prince
Mr. E. E. Parker, of Smithfield.
Mr. W. P. Suggs, of Princeton.
Mrs. J. J. Broadhurst, of Smithfield.
Miss Lillian Holt, of Smithfield.
Mr. N. E. Edgerton, of Selma.
Mrs. N. E. Edgerton, of Selma.
Mr. Edward Edgerton, of Selma.
WHY INCREASE THE
PAY OE TEACHERS.
(By R. A. Pope.)
We are going to increase the sal
aries of our teachers. They have been
and are now paid too little to meet
their most pressing needs. We do not
expect them to continue less able to
wear respectable clothes than we who
received a very handsome price for
our products last year are now able to
wear. We are going to pay them more
so that they will not leave for better
jobs, paying better salaries. The gov
ernment already has hired many of
our teachers to do office work at splen
did salaries, salaries far more than
wo are now paying. The government
needs them and we may spare a few,
but our schools must continue. The
people have said so. We are going
to pay them more money that they
may stay with us and help us to win
During the Civil Wrar the school
money from the whole state dropped
to the meagre sum of $800. Wc had
about three thousand schools to close.
We have a few of those boys and
girls living in our communities now.
They failed to learn to read and write.
We are not inclined to have that re
peated. Yea, right where we have the
greatest number of those who have
not been blessed with learning to
read and write, we are going to stand
strongest for giving the teachers a
The Government is fixing priccs for
wheat and corn very high, is selling
fertilizer cheaper than merchants, is
helping the farmers to raise more, to
get better prices and to learn more
about farming. Surely goodness and
mercy will convince us of our duty to
share this profit with others. Our
teachers shall be paid.
We are not voting necessarily for
longer terms; we are not voting for
expensive or luxurious buildings; we
are assuredly not voting bonds; we
are not voting to force children to go
to school any longer than they are at
the present going. But we are voting
in this election to make certain that
our teachers are fed and clothed res
pectably, that our schools may not be
closed during this period of war, and
that history shall record no such
selfish act as that of depriving any
child of school age from learning to
be a good citizen of Johnston County.
BUY THE BONDS.
Uncle Sam wants to borrow three
billion dollars from the people of the
United States. He needs this money
to carry on the war; must have it, in
fact. It will be used to buy equipment
for the boys who are doing the fight
ing ? clothes, guns, ammunition, etc.p
to pay their small wages, to pay for
the various things needed to maintain
our armies, and to meet other neces
sary expenses of the government.
Uncle Sam asks his people to lend
him this money. He offers the very
best security in all the world and, con
sidering the absolute safety of the in
vestment, he offers to pay a compara
tively high rate of interest, 4 1-4 per
cent. The income from these bonds,
held in amounts of $5,000 or less, will
be free from all taxation. Those who
bold more than $5,000 worth will have
bo pay certain kinds of taxes on the
income. The idea of this is to prevent
the rich from buying these bonds in
large quantities for the purpose of
lodging their share of the taxes.
Uncle Sam would like to have just
is many different people as possible
have a part in lending him this money
Consequently, committees have been
organized in every state and every
county. A list has been made of a'l
the citizens in the various counties
and townships, and before the cam
paign is over, every citizen who is
supposed to be able to lend to Uncle
Sam will be given an opportunity to
buy some of these bonds.
The bonds which were issued in the
two previous Liberty loans were not
as widely distributed as they should
have been. Many people who had
surplus money and could afford to
lend it failed to do so, some because
they wanted a higher rate of interest
than Uncle Sam was offering to pay,
and some because they have not yet
realized that this is a war for nation
al existence, and must be fought by
all of the people.
We have come to a time when every
bitizen must have some part in fight
ing the war. Our younger men are go
ing to the front. Many of our older
men are taking an active part in war
activities of one sort and another. The
great mass of the people, however,
can help mainly by lending money.
In the past, farmers have been crit
icised for not buying Liberty bonds.
Much of this criticism was unjust,
and made by people who did not know
the facts. We would like to see the
farmers take these bonds so freely
that there will be an end to this criti
cism. Every man should take stock of
h ? financial condition, and decide
how much money he can lend to Uncle
Sam, and be ready to act promptly
when committees comes to see him. ?
Wilson's Mills, N. C.
should be thrifty and help save her husband s
If He hasn't done it, She
should start the savings account and see that a
portion of the income gets there each week. We
to establish the real bulwark of the home. Such
co-operation makes the partnership complete.
The Water's Fine
To the timid kid hesitating at the old
swimming hole, in doubt, and afraid the
water is too muddy, too deep, to cold, there
comes the cheerful call of the venturesome
youngster already in:
"AW, COME ON IN, THE WATER'S FINE"
The one who has tried it is in position
to know. Are you in doubt as to what Bank
to do business with? Do you want to know
of a safe, reliable institution that you can
trust with business, and that will appreciate
it? Ask any of the people who are doing
business with us. Just try the kid's plan
and come on in.
The Clayton Banking Co.
CLAYTON, N. C.
BANK AND THE WORLD BANKS ON YOU
Another Lot of Dictionaries just
Received at The Herald Office.
April IS, 16, 17
April 18, 19, 20
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