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ctod W the frcestitWity, that the Spanish Gene-
government on earth, and re
ceived by anctner, which, tho'
voang in the glorious career it
has undertaken, devotes all its
vigilance and exertion to the
happiness of the virtuous people
who have established it. Let,
then, order, and love of the
Constitution, and obedience to
the laws, reign among us,
III. in a lew vears,
be as happy as the land ol
Washington and Fhanklin.
LATE 'l-ROM PERU.
Buenos Ayres papers to the
'6th of January have been recei
ved. They contain a confirma
f the defeat of the Patriot
mv. under the command of
Gen. Santa Cruz. jA letter re
ceived here from an American
gentleman, dated at Valparaiso,
Nov. 30th. states that the second
Lima expedition to Alto Peru,
under St. Cruz, Sucre, Miller,
&c. have again been defeated.
St. Cruz was completely defeat
ed at La Paz, by Valdez, with
out the latter ever firing a gun,
and only saved about 1200 outj
nf this disaster. Sucre retired
oi 5j00 men
rom Ariquipa, with his divi
sion, about 3500 men, and took
shipping for Pico and Callao,
where they have arrived. We
have a report that La Serna has
declared Peru independent.
Extract of a letter, dated Lima,
Nov. 10th, 1823.
The negotiations with Riva
Agucro have been productive
of no arrangement whatsoever,
and to-morrow the Liberator,
Bolivar, sets out at the head of
3500 men, to compel him to ac
cede to the terms proposed, or
to lay down his arms. From
thence he is to march into the
interior, with a force of from 7
to S000 men, which will be
considerably augmented by the
provinces, on its way, and also
by Colombians, who areshortly
expectedto arrive from Panama.
The shameful dispersion of
Cruz, has placed Lima in a
U r. nvi-i-r niirliM- lion intl '
orlitinn nnH has
grcatlv disconcerted the plans -
The army of Chili, composed
of from 2590 or 3000 men, has
arrived at Arica. The Libera
tor leaves here to-morrow, at
the head of the greater part of
the Colombian forces; he is to
land on the banks of the Rio A
iruero. for the purpose of sue
coring the north, and to pene
trate afteivards into La Sierra,
and, with the assistance of this
province, to be enabled to form
such, a new plan of operations,
as circumstances may dictate.
Generals Canterac and Val
dez are posted in the neighbor
hood of Arequipa, at the head
of 7000 men; and it is reported
that they have declared for the
independence of Upper Peru.
These are the Generals who are
at the head of the Spanish royal
forces. On the other hand, we
learn that those commanders are
negotiating with the provinces
on the banks of the Ilio Ague-
ro, and are endeavoring to un -
dermine the power of Bolivar,
in Peru. God grant that . wc
may soon see those clouds dis-j
pustAi umen, in this eventlul
period, obscure our political ho-!
1 tear that if the Spa-1
continue obstinate, in
prolonging the war, and Bolivar '
take part in domestic dissen-
tions, he will not only diminish
the torce of the army under his
command, but what is worse,
will lose the good opinion
which the country entertain ol
Santiago de Chili, Dec. 5.
I is reported, from good au-
Peru independent of Spain. If
such is the case, tjjjsy have a
bandoned their cause, .and new
the question is, which party
shall take the ascendancy. Bo
livar never will permit that the
policy of this party should pre
Hnmnntp. nor should he allow
it, for, if the independence of
Peru should be accomplished in
this manner, it may continue its
trade with Spain, and, by this
means, subject itselt to a depen
dency totally opposed to the
welfare and interest-of the pro
Tuesday, March 1G.
The bill "to abolish imprison
ment for debt" was taken up in
committee of the whole, Mr.
Smith in the chair.
Mr. Macon proposed an a-
mendment, to limit the opera
tion of the bill to all contracts
made after the 1st of July
'next and thus to take away its
Mr. Barbour said, it was his
opinion, that, the
bill ought to
appiy to an contracts as wen
i aio ii- -
those which have been; as those jthe United Sttes. Rejected,
which may be hereafter, made;' The bill wa then reported to
but, for the sake of compromise, J the Senate, an), with the seve
he should vote for the amend-jral amendment made in Com
ment, mittee of thejVhole, was post
The question was then taken I poned till Fiiday next, and
on the amendment proposed by j made the ordej of that day.
Mr. Macon, and passed in the? Thurs&ty, March is.
affirmative. j n U Tr
-r -TJ i c On motion oiMr. Hayne, the
Mr. Van Buren made a lew,- . . . . t , J '
, i r u- various oint resolutions propo-
remarks, in explanation ot his . J , , X 1 ..
, . rr-, sing amendments to the Consti-
amendment. The question was , .P r .. , A
i i u - c tution of the Inited States, m
upon adopting his substitute for- , .. . . . '
the fust section 0r the bill; rf atln '? h.e h? f Pre"
which substitute provides that; dent and VicePrestdent, vere
on affidavit of the debtor's in- up for comderaUon Mr.
tention to leave the country,sub- M'"?, m0Ycd atuthe furtler
stantiated by the evidence of contention ,f these resolu
two creditable witnesses, the om be .adyfa postponed.
creditor shall have a ri?ht to He said hen.uduced tomalas
hold him to bail.
Mills suggested several
vc-jOne of which, proposing to
o monlmonC in
ctn rp nut thP c hiico ronn r no-
the evidence of two witnesses,
in order to hold to bail, nftrr
Isome debate, was agreed to.
An amendment, proposed by
Mr. Talbot, subjecting the cre
ditor, it there should not have
W, MffinW ,rf::Z,Z:
to bail, to a suit for damages was
discussed, and Subsequently
withdrawn Hv tbp mnvor Th
question upon the substitute for Co.nressionf Caucuses, in re
the first section, as proposed by latl0n to the -Presidential elec
Mr. Van Buren, was then put tl0n and frof the deling evin
and carried in the affirmative. ced for and -gainst that recent
The substitute for the fourth J' held s'more than usually
section was then taken up. ; inerng. I
Mr. Van Buren stated the dif-: lthout tikmg the question
ference between the two sec-on the motion of JVIr. IViills, the
tions. The original section in i Senate aJjourned till to-morrow,
the bill provides that, on a re- ; Friday, March 19.
turn oi no property iound, upon I
a fieri facias, the plaintiff may
file an affidavit that he has good
reason to believe that a fraudu-;
lent conveyance.or concealment
ot property has taken place; and
then, after summons to the par-j President, was again taken up,
ty so charged, a jury shall beMr.Liman in the chair. The
iimpannelled to try the fact, &c. questioh being upon Mr. Mills's
The proposed amendment pro-motion to postpone the whole
vides, that the party so charged! subject definitely, the debate
shall be held to bail, on receiv-lof yesterday, involving the
incr Rnph summons, to resnond
tolt. The question was then
taken on striking out the fourth
section of the original bill, and
decided in the affirmative. The
question before the Senate, was
then upon inserting the section
'proposed by Mr. Van Buren, in
I lieu of the fourth section. Mr.
j Hayne proposed to amend the
-amendment, so as to permit the
creditor to file the affidavit of
his belief of a fraudulent inten
sion to convcy or conceal pro-!
perty, upon Judgment or de
cree of the Court, without wait
ing for the return of the fieri
facias. Without taking the
question, the Senate adjourned.
Wednesday, March 17.
The unfinished business of
yesterday, being the considera
tion of the bill "to abolish im
prisonment for debt," was re
sumed, in corrmittee of the
whole, Mr. Sirith in the chair.
The fourth section of the ori
ginal bill having been stricken
out yesterday, the question was
upon inserting the new section
proposed in lieu of it by Mr.
Van Buren. Mr. Hayne re
newed, his motion and made
some remarks in favor of it.
The question was then taken
upon inserting the section, as
thus imended, and carried in
Ml. Branch moved to amend
the nil, by inserting a new sec
tioni providing that no person
vhq shall have been convicted,
by a jury, under ihe provisions
of. Mis act, of an intention to
defraud persons holding just
claims against him, by the con
vejance or concealment of pro
perty, shall be competent to
give evidence, in any matter,
: either civil or criminal, which
! may come bebre the courts oi
mis mown, ironi a mil convic
tion thrt the subject could hot
be acte upon at the present ses-
on ofCongress, and that, there
'"' "ul"u uv u"-3a w
VTum m inejaifcl
lr branch opposed the
sume time in the discussion:
TV r :?-v,u j . j: .
-Jiauuu uppuauu me inae-
unite postponement, and called
for the yeas and nays on the
A j r i ill
Icnsth wasihere commenced,
which, lrora the unexpected
u:u A L -1 . .'ialii Aiiiiaeuiaiu aiLciuiuu.
turn it tookifrom its involving
fne propriety, or. impropriety di
Ihe unfinished business of
yesUrday, being the considera-
tion ;of the several resolutions!
proposing amendments to the
Constitution, in relation to the
jeiectian of President and Vice
same topic, was renewed and
continued Ul 4 o'clock when,
without taking question, the
Senate adjourned till Monday.
II. OF REPRESENTATIVES.
The Tariff bill was still be
fore the House, at our last dates;
that, and some other business of
a private and local nature, un
interesting to persons not im
mediately concerned, was prin
cipally engaging attention.
FRIDAY, MARCH 26, 1824.
For publishing; imthe town of Ha
lf ax, aiveeklh nc-ivsiaier,
Experience has so fully test
ed the utility offjsewspaper pub
lications, that the Subscriber
deems it unnecessary here to
dwell on the advantages result -
i , v. v.vuiwiio, at uuihc ana
ingto a community from such 'abroad, in reference to thJs mtc
an establishment. Forthe sa-j resting subject, will be promptly
tisfactioh, however, of those j noticed, without regard to part v
persons who py feel an inte-j The situation of an Editor of a
rest in the success ol the propo- 'n,,n9npi. otolu. . .
sod undertake and aJto-lt?!??:
ford a landmark for future gui-h ' fC . . '"""''
dance, he will endeavdr to state, f ""tab
as near a3 nibie, thcc0ars;ttc.hajasch6canao:-
he intends to! pursue.
The folloivins: subjects will
chiefly engae-c attention:
A summary of the proceed-
ings of our National and State
Legislature. with ocrnsionnl M:
tracts from ;be Speeches of our
most distinguished Orators and
A particular account of all fo-
reign and domestic events which a"lfry and are couched in deco
may be thought generally inte- rous languagc. In the discharge
A correct Price-Current of the
principal articles of. export and
import. ,too conversant with nevspaper
Also, to encourage Agricul- publications to expect to please
ture and Domestic Manufac- cvery one, but to the candid and
turcs; to promote Internal Im- considerate he will ever confident
provement; and to develop the ly appeal for his justification.
resources of the country. In thus bricflly stating his views,
To disseminate useful infor- the Subscriber disclaims1 any inten
mation, whether of a Literary, tion to oppose the freedom of dii
Scientific, Moral, or Religious cussion; he would rather that all
nature. subjects, interesting to the people,
And to promote that free spi- should be examined in a fearless
rit of inquiry, respecting public and unfettered spirit; and, there
men and measures, which is fore, freely opes his columns to all
deemed the safeguard and con- political, literary, or scientific dis
seryatiye principle of Republic- putants M in himsclf to
an institutions. . serve their secrets inviolate.
communications on any ol
u":, . "
"The Free Press" will be pub
lished every Friday, at THREE
DOLLARS per year, consisting of
52 nuir.bers, and in the same pro- i T , hi j
portion for a shorter period. Sub- i honor J udSe Badger presiding,
scribers at liberty to discontinue at jcame on the trial of John Shijt
any time, on paying arrearages. j ner, for poisoning his brother,
Advertisements inserted at fifty; Samuel Skinner, about three
cents per square, or les, for the e f Aff nitip nt
firstiUsertion,andtwcnty-fiveccnts?Carf Paf Alt1erl a Pa"ent
each continuance. t neanng of counsel, the J ury re-
Lists of Letters published at the :
jters prescribed by law.
ettcrs addressed to the Editor
must be host fiaid.
fcFor the convenience of cor
resjiojidents, a box is placed at the
office door, to receive their favors.
TO THE PUBLIC.'
On issuing the above Proposal,
the Subscriber had partly conclu
ded to remain' silent on the subject
ot politics; subsequent reflection,
however, has induced him to alter
his determination. Combining the
duties of Editor and Printer, his
time must, of necessity, be princi
pally devoted to the mechanical
branch. To prevent misconcep
tion, therefore, as to his political
sentiments, he makes them thus
publicly known: j
The political features cf the
"Free Press," will be decidedly
Democratic Republican. A native
of this favored countrv, and from
his earliest perceptions a witness cf
the prosperous result of that sys
tem of government so successfully
introduced by the illustrious Jeffer
son, an persevered in by his suc
cessors, to the present period, the
editor yields his unqualified appro
val to that policy, which has been
productive of such unexampled be
nefits to the nation.
With regard-to the Presidential
Question, which at present occu
pies so much of the attention of the
public, the Subscriber deems it ad
visable to remain silent at present.
Fully aware of the importance ge
nerally attached to the opinions of
an Editor, and knowing also that it
is presumed Re speaks the senti
ments of the majority of the people
in the district wherein he resides,
he feels some hesitation in giving a
preference to any of the candidates
who are before the public for that
ujgnmea ana important station.
: " 10 m PaPcr or
"J 7 V y' . cn nimscit
y v; xne pamcs whlch may
. " ns paper
"c mouin-Piece by which others
convcy their sentiments to the pubx
c he ouSht t0 preserve his
fedins cco1 an collected, so that
he may &ive publicity to such arti-
cles onl' as display seme share of
iQI wis delicate task, perhaps
tne Subscriber may differ with
0mc f his correspondents; he is
QTFersons holding Sub
scriplion papers, wilt please
forward the names as soon as
Edenton, March 16.
At Washington Superior
tired, and soon after returned
into Court with a verdict of
j Guilty. He is to be executed
Li i n . -t . . ir
me ju oi April next, vv e un
derstand; however, that a peti
tion will be presented to the
Governor for a pardon. 'Gaz.
We are very credibly inform
ed, that the noted Willis Edg,
a free mulatto, of negro stealing
memory, was shot on Monday,
tne Mh mst. in neruoru coun
ty, when in the act of arresting
him for another offence of the
same kind, lately committed, ib.
Milton, March 11.
Tobacco Market. The pri
ces of Tobacco have improved
considerably since our last quo
tations. Private sales have been
effected at 11 and 12; and it
has been sold under the ham
mer for $0 45. This augurs
well. The planter can now