Free press. (Halifax, N.C.) 1824-1830, April 30, 1824, Image 1
3 , r r n on 0 r JVa 6. HALIFAX, JV. C. Fllll) AY, APRIL 30, 182 l F0L I. S cnJS crJ 111P THE "FREE PRESS," By (feorge Howard, Is published every Friday, at THREE DOLLARS per year, consisting of 52 numbers, and in the ame proportion for a shorter pe riod. Subscribers at liberty to dis continue at any time, on paying ar rearages. Advertisements inserted at fifty cents per square, or less, for the first insertion, and twenty-five cents each continuance. Letters addressed to the Editor must be fwst paid. DOMESTIC. Cherokee Legislature. John Ridge, an Indian, writes to the editor of the Boston Recorder, from the Cherokee Nation, that the Cherokee Legislative Coun cil assembled on the 1st October last, to transact business. The agent and commissioners from the United States, and commis sioners from Georgia, attended and presented their credentials, and were received with a re spect equal to the importance of their commissions. The object of the commissioners of Geor gia was to impress the Chero kees with a conviction that the &tate which they represented had long standing claims against that nation, which they endea vored to authenticate by old treaties. A reply was made in writing by the Cherokee legisla tors, that these claims were long since adjusted, of which the 9th art. of the treaty of Tellico was conclusive evidence, which sti pulates, that "all animosities, plunderings, &c. prior to that date, shall cease, and be no long er remembered or demanded on either side." The subject was thus closed with the commis sioners of Georgia both parties maintaining different construc tions of the treaties. A discussion then commenced wi h the commissioners from the United States, who demand ed a cession of the land, which was met and rejected with can dor and deliberate determina tion. "Gentle, brilliant, and forcible periods of eloquence, backed with large sums of mo ney 'as presents, were spent in vain." The legislators decla red that they would never again cede one foot ofjarid,? "A pre cious trust was confided to their care the happiness and care of their sires, mothers, wives and children and no consideration should violate it." An unsuc cessful attempt was made by M' Intosh, a chief of the Creek Na tion, who was present at the Council, to bribe the President of the Cherokee National Com mittee, and one of the most dis tinguished chiefs. The offer of pecuniary reward was brilliant, and a less sum has tempted more civilized people to betray their trust. "If the chiefs (said P Intosb to the Cherokee Presi dent) feel disposed to let the U uued States have the land, I will make the commissioners give you two thousand dollars, A. M Coy the same, and Charles Ilicks three thousand dollars, or presents, and nobody shall know it." The offer was re ceived with detestation ; and jF lntosh was summoned before the Council while the President addressed that body on the sub ject, and read the letters con taining the offers of the Creek chief. "A traitor," said the President, "is looked upon by all nations in the darkest color, and is more despicable than the meanest reptile that crawls upon the earth. Ail honorable and upright character is more valua ble than the filthy lucre of the whole world." The Speaker of the Cherokee Nation then addressed the Council concern ing the conduct ot MMntosh. who, though a Creek chief, ap pears to have had considerable influence with the Cherokee's for the last twelve years. The Speaker stated that it was a maxim with the Cherokees ne ver to trust a man who had vio lated the confidence reposed in him; and as MTntosh had done this, he was now divested of his trust, and permitted to retire in peace to his own nation. From the Mobile (Ala.) Register, March 23. Cherokees. Wc learn that Ilicks, the principal Chief of the Cherokees, accompanied by thirteen other chiefs, started a few weeks since as commission ers to Washington City, for the purpose of procuring an acknow ledgment of their independence as a nation, or of selling their whole territory. Ilicks, how ever, was laboring under the pain of a white swelling, and be came so very ill that he was un der the necessity of returning, but gave strict and positive in structions to the other chiefs, either to bring home an acknow ledgment of their National In dependence, or to negotiate a transfer. It is nossiblc that a 'portiop of their country will j shortly be added to this state. From the Raleigh Register, 23d inst. Cherokee Lands. We learn that his Excellency Governor Holmes has appointed James ' Iredell, Esq. of Edenton, and Dr. Benjamin Robinson, ofj Fayetteville, Commissioners, j under the act of the last session of our General Assembly, enti tled "An act respecting the re servations ot certain Indians in the lands lately acquired by treaty from the Cherokee Na tion," to enquire into the titles of certain tracts of land claimed by individuals of the Cherokee Nation of Indians, under certain provisions made in the treaties concluded between the United States and . the said Nation in the years 1817 and 1819, and to contract with any ol said In dians, or with any agent or a gents duly authorised by them, for the purchase of the. tract or tracts to which the said Com missioners shall believe the said Indians, or any of them, shall have a good and valid title un der the provisions of said trea ties: sard contracts to be subject to the ratification of the General Assembly. The Commission ers are to meet at Franklin, in Haywood county, on the 1st of August next. From the Indianapolis Gaz.SOth ult. Horrid barbarity. It be comes our painful duty to record one of the most outrageous transactions that has occurred since the settlement of the state. We have been enabled to collect the following particulars, from the information of a traveller who has just passed through the neighborhood, and in whose ve racity we place the Utmost con fidence: It seems that a party of In dians, ten in number, consisting of three men, three women, two girls about half grown, and two small boys, were encamped on Fall creek, in Madison county, about eight miles above the Falls, and 35 miles above this place, for the purpose of hunt ing. Un Monday, 22d inst, a party of five white men and two boys went to the camp and de coyed the three men away from the camp, for the ostensible pur pose ot assisting them to hunt some cattle. After they had gone some distance from the camp, two of the Indians were shot dead; the third made his escape, badly wounded. In the evening of the same day, the same party returned to the camp, and, after making some professions of friendship, mur dered the whole of the women and children. Their bodies were most shockingly mangled, for the purpose of producing an impression that it was the work of indians, and thrown into a hole of water occasioned by the falling of- a tree. One of the men killed one of the children by taking it by the heels and beating its brains out against a tree. On Tuesday, the place was visited by a party of men, when one of the women was found still alive, but died on the evening of the next day. At the time the camp was first vi sited, after, the massacre, the property of the Indians, consist ing of guns, skins, furs, &c. was still at the camp and was left there unmolested, but on the succeeding day, when the place was visited by a party of men from the falls of Fall creek, the bodies were found entirely strip ped, and every species of pro ; perty carried away. We are further informed, that one of the lads concerned in the murder, (and who was compel led to assist, by the threats of his father,) soon after the trans action gave information, and five of the party concerned were im mediately arrested, and are now in custody at the falls of Fall creek; one made his escape, and the youth who gave the infor mation is said to be at liberty in the neighborhood. Since their arrest, it is said that these per sons have made a full confession All the families composing the settlement, in the neighbor hood of the scene of this horri ble transaction, have removed to the mills, at the falls on Fall creek, to avoid the retaliatory vengeance of the Indians. Wild pigeons. The immense number of pigeons that inhabit the western regions of the Uni ted States have excited the ad miration and astonishment of travellers, and occasioned from some of them very wonderful accounts, which many who hav not been eye witnesses, have considered as tabulous. Altho the pigeon is decidedly a bird of the wilderness, yet it does not hesitate to encroach on the set tlements of man, and often proves destructive to his wheat and cornfield. A western pa per of the 27th Feb. says that there were at that- time vast numbers scattered over the cen tral and northern frontier towns of Kentucky. Thev sween the forests in such immense fl1rc that they keep up a noise, thro' the day, somewhat resembling a continual thunder; and not un frequcntly in such peals as to very much impede the eques trian traveller, if he has not a very gentle horse. From computation it appears there are upon a square mile, every day, 5000 that they embrace a tract of country 70 miles square; so that allowing one half of this area to be filled at the rate above mentioned,there would be above twelve millions. Pigeons are great gormandizers, and it ap pears, from calculation, that al lowing their food equal to one gill of wheat per day, which is supposed to be short of the quantityof nutriment they would require, they would consume a- bout 115,327 bushels per day - this, at fifty cents per bushel, would amount to 57,663 dollars. Providence has given them peculiar power of seeking far and wide through the fertile fo rests of the west, to gratify the appetite, and gather up the sur plus fruits of the earth, which would otherwise waste, like the leaves, to enrich the soil that produces them. Fire. The dwelling house of Mr. James Peace, in Gran ville county, was entirely con sumed by fire, with all its con tents, on the 17th inst. while the In y.ar,?u? Partof hls, empire, family were at church. 0 wingj Part'cuJarly in those ot Poland, to some circumstance, a negr?11 d asfaJount Caucasus, he fellow, the wife of whom Mr. -V, V V vl"d&T Peace had hired, was suspected Lriese yiIIaS are built on lands as the author of the foul deed, ! b?longmg to the crown, and di and he was consequently ar. yided into farms of about forty rested. The negro confessed nllsh acr.cs' Each of these himself guilty of the charge, and Tm contains two houses, one tut u fftno ;t frtiorthe master colonist, the other revenge his ill-treatment, in be- ing prohibited from visiting his wife. The negro is confined in jail to await his trial. Sinsru lar advert isement. The following ad vertisement ap peared in a late Boston paper. For the honor of our country, we hope, that there are but few "parents' who have children they "would wish to conceal:" "A woman in the country would take an infant child, such as the parents would wish to conceal, with a sum of money sufficient for its maintenance till able to provide for its own sup port. For further particulars inquire at this office." jLioeria. ine loiiovvins: is an extract of a letter from Cape Coast Castle, dated October 24, published in the Edinburgh Star: "Certain Americans have pur chased a small tract of land on the coast of Africa, somewhere near Cape Misouado, and have colonised it with a black and yellow population from the Uni ted States, where the slave po pulation has increased to a de gree which has not a little alarm ed the government These un fortunate wretches, amounting to about 400 in number, the mo ment they landed, found them selves, in the first place, expo sed to the dishonesty and extor tion of the agents of the origi nal purchasers of the Colony. The latter were furnished with the necessary supplies for their colonists, but their agents had bartered these supplies away with the natives for their own profit, and the colonists were irving. In addition to this scene of misery, the natives, nceivins: the Americans to have cheated them in the pur- cnase ot the lands, had made war upon them, and were hunting them down ii ri; 111 , Ull U11V.V,UU110( When the last accounts came a way, these miserable people, de serted by the parent country, which had thus thrown them upon a barbarous coast to pe rish, were erecting some works round the wretched collection of huts which they called a town and named it Monrowa, after the President of the United States. They entertained no hope, however, of being able to oppose any effectual resistance to the black swarms which sur rounded them, and had literally shut them up in their dwellings. This primary colony the Ame ricans had named Liberica." RUSSIA. We arc informed, by an arti cle in the Encyclopedia, of the manner in which the Emperor Alexander trains his subjects to arms. The project is, to orga nize, and to preserve a large military force, without an ex pense to the imperial treasury. Ior tne reseP'e; 1 ne ormcr 1S a Peasant f fi years of aSc who receives his land and house u" conaiiicm oi lurnisning a fujuici duu luanuiae, wuu is it? assist him when not engaged on military duty in the cultivation of the earth. At the end of twenty-five years, if a Russian, twenty if a Pole, the reserve is free from military duty. This reserve is to be the successor of the master colonist women Ji ving within, are not allowed to marry out of those villages. The children are taught, as a part of school education, to ride and use the sabre, and at the age of thirteen, they join the regi ment, where they are formed into military corps, and the most promising made officers. Each military district is under the command of a colonel, subjected to military law, and from the decision of the commanding of ficer no appeal lies but to the Emperor. Eighty thousand have been thus enrolled already. Such is the formidable plan, which the modern Alexander, who seems descended in a di rect line from the Macedonian, has adopted for the aggrandize ment of Russia: but will this power, so raised up, serve to prolong or to overthrow the royal government, for it is equal ly powerful for the accomplish ment of either. A nation when thus disciplined to arms, has no thing to fear from standing ar mies, and in case me monarcn should prove a tyrant, he has provided them with arms, and disciplined them to his own de struction. Ball. Morn- Chron.