Free press. (Halifax, N.C.) 1824-1830, May 21, 1824, Image 1
jTo) fT Hf TPT TfUC JVo. 9. HALIFAX, JV. C FRIDAY, MAY at, i82i. F0i J. THE "FREE PRESS," ify George Howard, Is .published every Friday, at THREE DOLLARS per year, ronsisting of 52 numbers, and in the : ame proportion for a shorter pe riod. Subscribers at liberty to dis continue at any time, on paying ar rearages. Advertisements inserted at fifty cents per square, or less, for the first insertion, and twenty-five cents each continuance. Letters addressed to the Editor must be post paid. DOMESTIC. ANDREW JACKSON. As our readers, no doubt, are anxious to acquire information re specting the individuals who are at present before the public, as candi dates for the Presidency, we have taken the pains to give, in a con densed form, the particulars of an affair, so far as it has transpired, which at present occupies conside rable attpntion: On the irth January last, an ar ticle appeared in the Democratic Press, a Philadelphia paper, stating that Gen. Jackson had udvised Mr.1 - - i Monroe, soon after he wras elected President, to "appoint two distin guished federalists, and two distin guished democrats, as members of his cabinet. Mr. Monroe, in a conversation with Mr. Kremer, a Member of Congress from Pennsylvania, de clared it to be false, that he never received such a letter. Mr. Lowrie, a Senator from the fame state, publishes a letter, on the 6th April, stating that Mr. Mon roe read in his" presence, and. in hearing of Mr. Findlay, also a Se-s nator from Pennsylvania, a. letter, purporting to be from Gen. Jack son, in which he recommended Mr. Monroe "to form the administra tion by the appointment of distin guished individuals from bqth the great parties of the country :M and requests the President to make the letter public. Mr. Monroe denies having re ceived any such letter. Gen. Jackson denies having giv en such advice. Mr. Findlay did not recollect hearing such letter read. Here the matter rested, until the 17th April, when Mr. Lowrie, in answer to an anonymous writer, supposed to be Mr. Hay, son-in-law of the President, said that he had "incontrovertible evidence in his power" of the fact, as by him sta ted, part of which was a copy of Mr. Monroe's answer to Gen. Jack son, which he had received ffom Richmond. In confirmation of Senator Low tie's assertion, Jonathan Roberts, late Senator in Congress, states that the letter containing the' above udvice was read to him by Mr. Monroe: and Senators Thomas and Ruggles state that during the win ter of 1S21-22, both Mr. Lowrie and Mr. Findlay mentioned to them the reading cf such letter in their presence. Mr. Kremer, in consequence of the above proceedings, and with a view to brin- the matter fullv be fore the public, addressed a letter to Gen. Jackson, to which the fol lowing is an answer: Washington, May 6. -lear oir: i have received your letter of yesterday; and -uu umciicneeuulnessandcan- aor, shall reply to vonr mn;r It has been repeatedly press ed before the public, that I had written a letter to Mr. Monroe, recommending him to select for his cabinet, "two distinguished republicans and two distinguish- j ed federalists;" and that to Mr.; Lowrie and Mr. Findlay, Sena tors from the state of Pennsyl vania, the letter had been read. I have not been able to persuade myself, that the fact was so, in asmuch as our correspondence was private and confidential because Mr. Findlay, who was present, has no recollection of it -because no such letter was ever written by me and, be cause the President denies that he read any such letter, cr, in deed, any letter at all. I regret that Mr Lowrie, in presenting this matter, should not recollect one material circumstance. When first it was -spoken of, he stated to me, and to others, that a letter purporting, and declared, to be mine, had been read to himself and Mr. Findlay, by the President, which advised that his cabinet should be form ed of "two distinguished repub licans and two distinguished federalists." My reply to him was, that no such-letter had ever been written by me; that so far as I could recollect, only one person, Col. Drayton, of South Carolina, had been recommend ed to him; that I had suggested to the President the propriety of 'appointing him Secretary of war; for the reason that he was a man of high and . honorable feelings, honest, virtuous, and of energetic character. Person ally I knew not Col. Drayton: but, from information of his ge neral character; felt satisfied he could do an ore to correct the feuds .which unhappily prevail ed in the army, than any other man of whom I had any know ledge. The contents of my let ter, as read to him by the Pre sident, that two distinguished federalists, and two distinguish ed, republicans, should be select ed, was not only stated by Mr. Lowrie to" me, but to yourself, and. to Mr. laton,of; the Senate , and td others. He has changed, however, his ground, 'and nbw says, it wTas a recommendation to the Presi dent, to form his cabinet from the two great leading parties of the country. Both, statements are alike unfounded; no such letter was ever written by me; on the contrary, my advice to the President was, that, in the selection of his cabinet, he should act upon principles like these: consider himself the head of the nation, not of a party; that he should have around him the be?t talents the country could afibrd, without regard to sectional divisions; and should; in his selection, seek after men of probity, virtue, capacity, and firmness; and, in this way, he would go far to eradicate those feelings, which, on former oc casions, threw so many obsta cles in the way of government; artd be enabled, perhaps, to unite a people heretofore politically divided. I g-ave it as my . opi nion, that the best evidence of devotion to the government, its constitution, and laws, which any could afford, was, when these were assailed, to venture forth in their defence, and main tain them amidst privations, and at the sacrifice of domestic quiet. ,That names were mere bubbles; and he who would, as Col. Dray ton had done, abandon his fire side and the comforts of home, and continue in the defence and protection of his country, thro' the war, merited the confidence of the government, let him bear what name of party he might: such a man I did recommend to Mr. Monroe; he was one I had never seen; yet one whose con duct, character, and good quali ties, entitled him to any and ev-1 cry confidence. As well might the conclusion be adduced, that I had recommended a selection exclusively from one or the oth er of the parties, as that the ca binet, from a motive of policy, should be kept equally poised, by appointing two of each, for my advice was, to select men of probity, virtue, and talents,with out regard to party. The voice of Washington, in his farewell address to the na tion, was, that party animosity was not to be encouraged, because "it was calculated to distract the public councils, and enfeeble the public administra tion ;" and, with his, the voice of every patriot will accord. Virtue being the main pillar of a Republican gorvernment, un less virtuous men shall be drawn into its administration, the fa bric must tremble. Designing and corrupt men may cover their intrigues under a pretend ed love for patriotism; but a tru ly nure man will be without dis-S guise, verifying, as he passes a- long, the old adage, that the; tree is best known by its fruit. Iy letters have, by the Pre sident, and with my consent,1 been placed in the hands of ai mutual friend, Mr, Eaton, with permission to publish " them, whenever he pleases to do so." I care not when it is done, for I am without concealment of any kind. My opinions and senti ments, such as they have been written, or expressed at any time, each and every one are at all times welcome to. In pub lic or in private letters, I but breathe the sentiments I feel, and which my judgment sanc tions; and no disposition will ever be entertained by me, ei ther to disguise orsuppress them. I am, very respectfully, your most obedient servant, ANDREW JACKSON. George Kremer, Esq. The following is an answer of the President, to an application by Gen. Jackson for a copy of the letter re ferred to, or the date thereof. Washington, Feb. 22. ' Dear Sir: I have no know ledge of the date of the letter to which Mr. Lowrie refers, nor can I imagine in what manner any letter of mine to you or other friends should have got in to the possession of any one. At the time that I was about to form an administration, I communi cated freely with some members of Congress, who had co-operated with me in the war, and in whom I had perfect confidence. I also corresponded with some other friends at a distance. It was natural, at that time, that should communicate to those near me the opinions of distin guished characters at a distance,' as having weight in my deci sion, as to the arrangement. But I have no recollection of giving any copy of my views I on the subject to any one. The copy in question, if correct, must be resorted to for unfriend ly purposes, and in breach of confidence, and has probably been purloined. I recollect writing an answer to yours re commending Col. Drayton, in which I concurred with you in the great result, that the Presi dent oujrht to be the head of this nation, rather than of a party, but thought that that result could only be brought about by time, considering; the circum- stances in which we were then placed. By perusing your let ters, I find that you essentially concurred with -me in that sen timent, although you inclined to the opinion that such men as Col. Drayton, who had given such proofs of patriotism and de votion to the cause of his coun try, ought to be considered as having a just claim to the confi dence of the Government, and, in fact, to be considered, as Re publicans. The copy of this letter I have not been able to find, noF do I recollect ever see ing it, or your letters, till with in a few days past, since the year 1817. To Mr. Lowrie's note I have given no answer, nor shall I. Let him take his course; we stand where we did. If my confidence, given at the time re ferred to, has been in any man ner abused, or the letter been purloined, that is; an incident which must dishonor the party guilty of such acts. I do not think there is any thing in your letters which can injure you nor in mine, in reply to them; but the contrary. Defiance, by reserve, and silence, is what the transaction, and all connected with the present movement, merit. I have done what I could to moderate and put down party spirit, believing that, by so do idg, I gave the best support in my power to our Republican government. It can- only be put down by the republican par ty, and, while that party is in power, by a magnanimous poll cy. Persecution would keep the federal party, which-, at one time was, in certain members of it, a monarchical one, alive, and give it force. With sincere regard, I am, dear sir, yours. JAMES MONROE. Gen. Andrew Jackson, The National Intelligencer of the 11th inst. says ;Mr. Eaton has furnished to the Editors, the original corres pondence of Mr. Monroe and Gen. Jackson, relative to form ing an executive cabinet in 1817, which will appear in the National Intelligencer of to morrow. OUR GREAT MEN. The Washington Correspondent of the New-York Commercial Ad vertiser, writes as follows: "Mr. Calhoun has gone to his seat near Georgetown, and the town house is closed. He at tends, however, at his office. I have just seen him at a party at General Brown's, He seems very cheerful, and I ani told di gests his unhorsing like a phi losopher. General Jackson was there at the same time. He ennverses constantly, and with great life and spirit His man ners arc conciliating, and evince nothing of that severe decision which appears so conspicuously in his public course. Mr. Clay is thought by some to seem a little more irritable than at the commencement of the session. His health, however, is fre quently interrupted. -Mr. Crave- Jord is little or no better. It is said he can scarcely distinguish nis most intimate friends, his sight is so much impaired. Cer tain it is, that when at the House the other day, he did not know a gentleman who had formerly sat hi me caoinet with him dai ly, until his name was mention ed. He comes occasional to his office, but I am told neither reads nor writes. Mr. JMnm I believe, enjoys very perfect health. He bathes everv morn ing in the Potomac, and has done so for many summers past." FOREIGN. FRANCE. Paris papers to the 3 1st of March have been received. Mr. Brown, Minister of the United States to the Court of France, arrived in the Cyane, sloop of war, on the 20th of March, off Cherbourg. The project of electing the French deputies septennially, was about to be submitted to the Chamber of Peers; and that of interest on the National Debt, to the Deputies. SPAIN. Accounts from Madrid to the 18th March, state thct an order had at length been .published, granting a general pardon to all the military of the Constitution al armies, with an exception that none of them are to reside at Madrid, nor to inhabit the royal palaces. A civil amnesty was said to be under considera tion. Don Juan Martin, the Empecinado, had been murder ed by a band of ruffian ultras, in consequence, it is said, of the re fusal of-ministers to bring him to trial for the active part which he took in the late struggle, for liberty. The old Spanish bonds were gradually sinking in Lon don, it having been ascertained that Ferdinand had determined not to sanction the constitution al loan. An article in a Paris paper mentions as a rumor from Ma drid, that a consultation had been held in that city hy the fo reign ambassadors, on the sub ject of establishing a Constitu tional government It was said that Count Bormont; the French Commander in Chief, had been asked whetherhe would be able to support the plans proposed; to which he replied, that consi dering the spirit that predomi nated in the provinces, the for ces under his command were in sufficient; and that he should re quire reinforcements to the a mount of 50 or 60,000 men, to maintain order arid tranquillity. Turkey. The Sublime Sul tan appears to have caused all the Jews employed at the Cus tom House to be arrested, and to give an account of themselves for the last forty years. This measure is attributed to a desire to extort money from this op pressed race. .