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Free press. (Halifax, N.C.) 1824-1830, June 11, 1824, Image 1

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JVb. 13. HALIFAX, JV. 0. FRIDAY, JUNE li, 1824. FOX I. THE "FREE PRESS," ify George Howard Is published everv Fridav, at THREE DOLLARS per year, consisting of 52 numbers, and in the same proportion for a snorter pe riod. Subscribers at liberty to dis continue at any time, on paying ar rearages. Advertisements inserted at fifty rents per square, or less, for the first insertion, and twenty-five cents each continuance. Letters addressed to the Editor must be fwst fiaid. POLITICAL. THE TARIFF. The following letter from Gen. JACKSON, was sent to Dr. L. H. Coleman, of Warrenton, in answer to soms inquiries, contained in a let ter addressed by the latter to the former. Similar inquiries having been made from other quarters, the General states in a note, that the same answer had been returned to them. Raleigh Star. Washington City, ") Jiril26, 1824. 5 'Sir: I have had the honor, this day, to receive your letter of the 21st instant, and with candor shall reply to it. My name has been brought before the nation by the people them selves, without any agency of mine; lor I wish it not to be for gotten, that I never have soli cited office; nor, when called upon, by the constituted autho rities, have ever declined where I conceived my services could be beneficial to my country. But as my name has been bro't before the nation for the first of fice in the gift of the people, it is incumbent on me, when ask ed, frankly to declare my opi nion upon any political national question, pending before, and about which the country feels an interest. "You ask me my opinion on the Tariff. I answer that I am in favor of a judicious examina tion and revision of it; and so far as the Tariff bill before us timbraces the design of fostering, protecting and preserving with in ourselves, the means of na tional defence and indepen dence, particularly in a state of war, I will advocate and support it. The experience of the last war ought to teach us a profita ble lesson, and one never to be forgotten. If our liberty and Republican form of govern ment, procured for us by our revolutionary fathers, are worth the blood and treasure, at which they were obtained, it surely is oar duty to protect and defend them. Can there be an Ameri can patriot, who saw the priva tions, dangers and difficulties experienced for the want of the proper means of defence during the last war, who would be wil ling again to hazard the safety of our country, if embroiled; or, to rest it for defence on the pre carious means of national re source to be derived from com merce in a state of war with a maritime power, who might de stroy that commerce to prevent us obtaining the means of de fence, and thereby subdue us? I hope there is not; and if there is, I am sure he does not deserve to enjoy the blessings of free dom. Heaven smiled upon, and gave us liberty and inde pendence. That same Provi dence has blessed us with the means of national independence -nd national defence. If We omit or refuse to use the gifts which he has extended to us, we deserve riot the continuation of his blessings. He has filled our mountains and our plains with minerals with lead, iron, and copper; and given us climate and soil for the growing of hemp and wool. These being the grand materials of our na tional defence, they ought to have extended to them adequate and fair protection, that our own manufactories and laborers may be placed on a fair competition with those of Europe, and that we may have, within our coun try, a supply of those leading and important articles, so essen tial in war. Beyond this, 1 look at the Tariff with an eye to the proper distribution of la bor, and to revenue; and with a view to discharge our national debt. I am one of those who do not believe that a national debt is a national blessing, but rather a curse to a republic; in asmuch as it is calculated to raise around the administration a monied aristocracy danger ous to the liberties of the coun try. This Tariff I mean a ju dicious one possesses more fanciful than real danger. I will ask what is the real situation of the agriculturist? Where has the American Farmer a market for his surplus product? Ex cept for cotton, he has neither a foreign of home market. Does not this clearly' prove, when there is no market either at home or abroad, that there is too much labor employed in ag riculture; and that the channels for labor -should be multiplied? common sense points out at once the remedv. Draw from agriculture this superabundant labor; employ it in mechanism and manufactures; thereby cre ating a home market for your bread stuns, and distributing la bor to the most profitable ac count; and benefits to the coun try will result. Take from ag riculture in the United States six hundred thousand men, wo men and children, and you will at once give a home market for more bread stuffs than all Eu rope now furnishes to us. In short, sir, we have been too long subject to the policy of the British merchants. It is time that we should become a little more americaniscd; and, in stead of feeding the paupers and laborers of England, feed our own; or else, in a short time, by continuing our present policy, we shall all be rendered paupers ourselves. It is, therefore, my opinion, that a careful and judi cious Tariff is much wanted, to pay our national debt, and af ford us the means of that de fence within ourselves, on which the safety of our country and liberty depends; and last, tho' not least, give a proper distri bution to our labor, which must prove beneficial to the happi ness, independence, and wealth of the community. ''This is a short outline of my opinion, generally, on the sub ject of your enquiry, and belie ving them correct, and calcula ted to further the prosperity and happiness of my country, I de clare to you, I would not barter them for any office or situation, of a temporal character, that could be given me. "I have presented ycu my opinions freely, because I am without ; concealment; and I should indeed despise myself, if I could believe myself capable of desiring the confidence of any, by means so ignoble. "I am, sir, very respectfully, "Your most obt. servant, (Signed) ANDREW JACKSON. Dr. L. H. Coleman, Warrenton, N. C. 5 The following extracts from the TreasuryReports of Mr. CRAW FORD, will give our readers some idea of the opinion he en tertains of the Tariff bill. In his Report of 12th Dec. 1821, he says: "But it is possible, that the progressive increase of the re venue which has been anticipa ted, and which is necessary to the full operation of the Sinking Fund, may not be realized. In that event, the public expendi ture authorized bylaw, may, af ter the 1st of January, 1825, ex ceed the public revenue. "The remedv in such case must be, 1st. an increase of the public revenue by an addition to the existing impositions." "A general revision and cor rection of the duties imposed upon foreign merchandize seem to be required." "A correc tion of the existing duties, with view to an increase of the public revenue, could hardly fail to effect that object to the extent ol nearly 1,000,000 doi lars annually. It is highly pro j . " " maii.j.jU uauajiiutvuvxi) liicicasc: on some of those articles mhrht eventually cause a reduction of the revenue; but this' can only take place where similar arti cles are manufactured in the country. In that event, domes-' tic manufactures will have been fostered, and the sreneral ability of the community to the public exigencies will have been pro portionally increased." Extracts from the Report of Dec. 23, 1S22. "To provide for the estima ted deficits of years 1S25 and 1826, as well as to meet any ex traordinary demands upon the Treasury, which unforeseen ex igencies may require, it is be lieved to be expedient that the revenue should be increased. "This may be conveniently effected by a judicious revision of the Tariff, which, while it will not prove onerous to the consumer, will simplify the la bors of the officers of the reve nue." "It is, therefore, re spectfully submitted, that all ar ticles composed of wool, cotton, flax, hemp, or silk, or of which any one of these materials is a component part, be subiect to a duty of 25 per cent, ad valorem. I he duties upon class, and ra- per, upon iron and lead, and up on all articles composed of the two latter materials, may also be increased with a view to the augmentation of the revenue. In all these cases, except arti cles composed of silk, it is pro bable, that the effect of the pro posed augmentation of duties, will gradually lead to an ample supply of those articles from our domestic manufactories." Extracts from the Report of Dec. 31, 1823. "The views which are here in presented, are founded upon the idea, that no extraordinary expenditure is to be incurred. If, however, it be deemed advi-; sable to give increased extension or activity to the navu. nr to aid in objects of internal im provement, it is believed that such additional means as may be required, mayt be obtained by a judicious revision of the Tariff. Such a measure was recommended in the last annual Report, with a view both to the increase ol the revenue and the simplification of its collection; and iurtherreilection and expe rience have tended to strength en the opinion then entertained, that its operation, without be ing onerous to the community, would be advantageous to the revenue, salutary to commerce, and beneficial to the manufac tures of the country." From the Richmond Enquirer. To the freeholders of the counties of CharlottejRockingham, Prince Edward, and Cumberland; and Commonwealth of Virginia: Felloio-citizenSi friends and freeholders! A recurrence of the same painful disease that drove me from my post, some two years ago, again compels me to ask a furlough; for I can not consent to consider myself in the light ot a deserter. But no consideration whatever would have induced me to leave Washington, so long as a sha dow of doubt hung over the transactions of the Treasury; which I was (among: others) ap pointed to investigate. It was i . O - ' J --"-"-- nui, niuiuui considerable resistance on the part ot a majority ot the Com- miuee, mat tne secretary had the opportunity given him, to Me his answer to the accusation f Mr. Edwards. I was satis- fied that justice required this course to be pursued, at the A same time that it xvould expe dite the business, and abridge the labor of the Committee. If the Secretary's conduct was de fensible, who could make that defence so properly as the party accused? If otherwise, it was high time that he should be dis missed from a station of which he was unworthy. I confess, that I was not with out some misgivings, that all was not right. Holding myself a loof from the intrigues and in triguers of Washington, I had remained a passive spectator of a scene, such as I hope never a gain to witness. Not that I was without a slight, a very slight preference iivthc choice of the evils submitted to us for our ac ceptance. I inclined towards Mr. Crawford for some reasons which were private and person al, and with whioh it is unneces sary to trouble you but chief ly, because you preferred him to his competitors, and because if elected he could, in a man ner be compelled to throw him self into the hands of the least unsound of the political par ties of the country: that he ivouia, by tfiejorce of circum stances be constrained to act ivith us the people) whilst the rival candidates would by the same force of circumstances be obliged to act against us and with the tribe of office hun ters and bankrupts, that seek to subsist' upon our industry and means. The number of these that infest Washington, espe cially during a first session of Congress, and above all, about the termination of an adminis tration, is inconceivable to those who have not seen the swarms. I said, that I had some mis- givings, that all was not as it oudit to be. But when I read the reply of Mr. Crawford, I had not a shadow oi doubt re maining on my mind. It is the most triumphant and irresistible answer that ever met the accu sation of a base and perjured in former. I havp. nn dnnht that there is not a mercantile house in our Atlantic cities that has not lost a much heavier per centasre on its western debts. than we have done, since Mr. Crawford took charge of the Treasury; even supposing the sum now due to be wholly lost. And it is a matter worthy of notice, that the very people at whose prayers and entreaties, and to save whom from utter ru in he has pursued a line of con duct have been the most viru lent accusers and persecutors, for that very conduct, which has contributed at once to their relief, and at the same time been serviceable to Government by rescuing a large debt from the almost total losswhich would have followed a rigid exercise of his authority. He has availed himself of discretionary powers reposed in him by the law, for that purpose, and with that in tent, to mitigate the severity of the sufferings of our western fellow citizens, whose clamors, had he taken a different course, would have dissolved the pre sent feeble and distracted ad ministration of our government; and Actaeon like, he is assailed by the very hounds he has che rished and fed. I confess that this base, un manly conspiracy against Mr Crawford has given to my mind a degree of interest in the ensu ing election, that ten days ago I deemed it impossible for me to feel. I shall rejoice in the dis comfiture of a plot got up, as I verily believe, in Washington, for his destruction; for I know too well the baseness and timi dity of the character of Edwards (self-convicted as he is) to be lieve that he would have dared to take such a measure, even covered by flight from the re sentment of his injured enemy, without a promise of protection from a high quarter and here I say, once for all, that I impute nothing unfair to any one of the candidates for the Presidency. But how have the aspersions of this calumniator been met? By the most temperate, passionless, mild, dignified, and irrefragable exposure of their falsehood, without one harsh word towards their author. The pilot admonishes me to end this letter. If the people of Virginia shall be mad enough to call a Convention, I make an humble tender of my services. I have lived and hope to die a freeholder, and when I lose that distinction, 1 shall no long-' er have any motive to be Droud of being your faithful servant. JOHN RANDOLPH, of Roanoke. Aestor, at sea, May 17, 1S24. Connecticut. The Presi dential Electors in this state are to be chosen by the people, and vote by general ticket At a meeting of the members of the Legislature a ballot was taken which stood: Adams 124, Jack son 14, Crawford 7, Clay 2.

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