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Free press. (Halifax, N.C.) 1824-1830, June 18, 1824, Image 1

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s os o) y cxcsq JVfc 13. HALIFAX, C. FRIDAY, JUNE 18, 1324. VOL I. THE "FREE PRESS," By George Howard, Is published everv Friday, at THREE DOLLARS per year, consisting of 52 numbers, and in the fimc proportion for a shorter pe- noti. buuscnoers at noerty to ais continue at any time, on paying ar rearages. Advertisements inserted at fifty cents per square, or less, for the first insertion, and twenty-five cents ::;ch continuance. Letters addressed to the Editor must be post paid. COMMUA'ICATIOJfS. FOR THE FREE FEESS. CONGRESSMEN. "A prophet has no honor in his own land." Mr. Editor: In reading the celebrated let ters of Wyoming, I was forci bly struck with the truth of the above aphorism. The writer, :.ltcr some previous remarks, ob serves, as to the speeches in ge neral of the Members in Con gress: "Who that has visited our metropolis, docs not recollect to have seen some dull and stupid village Solon, great only that Itccause under the limited hori zon where he dwelt, there was none greater that himself, rise, rind in a drawling tone, sense less thought, and despicable at ritude, harangue for hours the -mpty silent seats around him; until fatigued and worn down, he has given up the mighty self- exertion, which few but himself had witnessed; and yet in a few days thereafter, aided by some uind one, perhaps a Presiden tial candidate, whose friend he was, lo! and behold, in the pa-; riers and in rounded polished periods, Comes forth some splendid effort of the mind, Like Phocion great, like Pericles refined; On through the States proceed his weighty matters, breaking the turnpikes and the mails to tatters. The people read the furnish c 1 essay, and are surprised and pleased;. those who view the au- iior only as he is reflected thro' his production, believe him "a second Daniel come to judg ment;" while those who knew aim intimately, are astonished now it is, that the splendor of his intellect has so varied be vixthome and abroad. The japcr and the speech, however, 'TR taken as testimony; the cre dulous imbibe faith; the doubt ing pjive up their doubts; while ".lie knowing ones chuckle and re silent, " at the same time linking how marvellous it is, hat lie who but yesterday, "Mk-ht well have stood hefore the " world a goose, v;w passes for a Solomon let loose." FOH THE FREE PRESS. ' Oh! that mine enemv would write a bock!" Mr. Editor: When an individual submits o the press a communication of i character generally interest ing, it becomes, "ipso facto," ;he property of the public. And, as such is open to criticism and animadversion by any individu al of the community, disposed to occupy himself in this way. This is mentioned, not because it is supposed that either you or! the public are ignorant of the fact, but because it appears to have escaped the penetration of the sagacious Juma. Under the sanction of this right, when his first number appeared, it was noticed by Callimachus, and for the following reason: to con tradict assertions unfounded in truth. Hut let us follow him through his last production. Numa complains that the friends of Mr. CRAWFORD "do not stoop to" what he can never soar to that is, "argu ment." Is he so infatuated, as to believe that phrases like these: "I assert," "I again as sert, without the fear of contra diction," &c. will be received by intelligent people as argu ments? Next follows a strain upon prejudice, which we would say, if our memory does not wofully deceive us, belongs to another pen; if so, he should have designated it as such. Af ter this we meet an expression, in which Callimachus and Nu ma perfectly agree: "that the present struggle is not a combat of principle." If it was, Mr. Crawford would certainly be President cf the United States. In the 1st number of Callima chus, it was said "Mr. Craw ford had been more consistent in his political career than any other candidate for the olfice of President, Gen. Jackson, per haps, excepted." I now make the general no exception. The public has been enabled to learn the real sentiments of General Jackson: by a perusal of his let ters to Mr. Monroe on the sub ject of making up his cabinet, we there perceive that he advo cates the utter annihilation of republicans and federalists; which is to be achieved by an amalgamation of the two. There are two parties, founded on principle. The success of the one secures the independen cy of the States; that of the other, utterly destroys it: and the amalgamation of the two produces the same effect. Tho' Mr. Monroe refused at the time, to act upon Gen. Jackson's sug gestions, he afterwards did, and the consequence is visible. We have around us a multitude of nominal republicans, whose ev ery clfort is exerted to under mine the Constitution, by giv ing to it a construction the most extensive and dangerous. And what was so much dreaded by thc honest republicans of 'SS, is coming thick upon us; and we shall at last find ourselves but a contemptible atom in the huge mass of a consolidated govern ment. Is a man who advocates principles of such a tendency a lit person to be President of the United States? Gen. Jackson docs!!! To show the honest, honorable consistency of Numa, contrast these two expressions: "in- 1798 we find him (Mr. Crawford) congratulating Mr. Adams on the passage of those hateful acts, the alien and sedi tion laws;" in the last number, when this had been contradict ed, and a document referred to in proof of its incorrectness, we find it thus: "he (Mr. C.) did congratulate Mr. A. on his ad ministration of the govern ment." The difference is great ! And the document referred to above, will shew that Mr. A. was congratulated onlyon a par ticular part of his administra tion. But Numa had not the honesty to avow this: he seeks protection under a shameful quibble, leaving the mind in doubt whether it was "on the whole of his preceding adminis tration or not, and evidently wishing the worst construction. Numa wishes to know "where Mr. C. has displayed such migh ty talents?" In answer, he is referred to his conduct as a Se nator, and the discharge of the duties of some of the highest offices in our government. He remembers but one: his mode for civilizing the Indians. If he will look around him, he will discover that the only genuine nobility of the United States is thought to be that which is de rived from that kind hearted squaw Pocahontas. And there arc those, whose keen investi gation can discover that their great-grandmother's cousin was perhaps related to this celebra ted personage: and to support the claim of relationship, they will wralk erect, wear their hair long and lank and name their children after their savage pro genitor. So that we find here and there, cither a Pocahontas, a Powhatan, or some other In dian name. To civilize the In dians, and, in conformity to his truly republican views, to de stroy this aristocracy that was growing; up among us, Mr. Crawford proposed his plan. If carried into execution, our pro geny will have a chance of hav ing a little touch of the Indian, and then they will all be of the "noblesse," which will produce the same effect as if they were none. "Mr. Crawford was opposed to the war." The proof! the proof! It is one thing to be op posed to the war in principle, and quite another to be opposed to the time when it should be declared. But this is, we fear, too nice a distinction for the comprehension of Numa! We have now come to a sentence which is too much for us: "that war, which since the sea has rolled a wave, or has been a field of carnage, there never was such fighting and such achieve ments as were done by our na vy." What has "that war" done in this sentence? filled up a space in a period, which Nu ma, no doubt, thought sounded very prettily. Numa has signed his own death warrant, "by way of con clusion," when he says, "the only way to arrive at truth is," among other things, "to obtain a full knowledge of facts and ar guments." These are what we have before and again do now require of him. If he has them, let them be produced. CALLIMACHUS. GEN. JACKSON. The late investigation of the po litical principles of Gen. Jackson, has brought again before the pub lic the following letter, which ori ginally appeared in the Knoxville (Tenn.) Gazette, of Sept. 30, 1801. The above paper was forwarded to the Editor of the Philadelphia Co lumbian Observer, by a correspon dent, with some remarks on the letter of Gen. J. from which we have extracted the following: "By giving the public a view of the General 's letter to Dr. Dickson , you will place before them his early principles, and if he has undergone a political change, for one, I want proof. "To the Editor of the Columbian Observer. Mr. Roulstone The public mind having been led to believe, that the political sentiments of Dr. Wm. Dickson (who is now a candidate for the honor of re presenting this State in the Con gress of the United States) were doubtful. This consider ation induced me to write the Doctor the following letter. For the information and satis faction of the public, I request you to give it a place in your paper. I am, sir, your most obedient servant. ANDREW JACKSON. Knoxville, Sept. 29, 1801. Knoxville, Sept. 24, 1S01. Dear Sir Through life I have held it a sacred duty I ow ed to my country and myself, never to give my suffrage to a candidate for a seat in the Con gress of the United States, un less I was convinced that his po litical sentiments were congeni al with those he represented, and that he would speak and do the will of his constituents; and being now informed that you are a candidate for the honor of representing the citizens of the state of Tennessee in the repre sentative branch of the federal Legislature believing, as I do, that any citizen who does ob tain the suffrage of the freemen of Tennessee, must be a charac ter, the composition of which is virtue, talents, and the true whig principles of seventy-six: In short, sir, that he must be a Republican, and, in politics, like Caesar's wife, not only chaste, but unsuspected. The first two component parts of this character I know you possess; the latter, as to myself, I have ever thought you did. But, sir, the public mind has been lately led to believe, that your political sentiments are doubtful, and some have held you up as an aristocrat. These reasons have operated with me to call upon you to answer the following interrogatories: First, are you, and have you always been, a true admirer of the whig principles of seventy-six? Have you always been an admirer of the Constitution ot the United States, friendly to its adminis tration, agreeable to the true li teral meaning of the instrument, and banishing the dangerous doctrine of implication? Have you always been, and are you now, opposed to standing ar mies in time of peaqe? Are you now, and have you always been, inimical to a standing naval ar mament? Are you now and have you always been, opposed to foreign political connexions? Are you now, and have you al ways been, opposed to the ex- I T s n rf ni'flntiti'rn rn f v-n o OTP ? Have you always been, and arc nrlvnoitP for free- dom of religion and freedom ot the press? Are you now, ana have you always been, friendly to economy in the public dis bursements, and an enemy to the system of Joans? And, last ly, are you a real Republican in principle, and will you be a Re publican in practice? The above questions are nut to you by a sincere friend in nnvate lite, and one who is ve ry much disposed to extend to you his little political support. He expects, however, that these questions will be answered with your usual candor on otnersuD- jects. This letter is not confi dential, nor will your answer be viewed as such it is as well for the gratification of inquiring mends as myself. Accept, sir, of my respects, and believe me to be your most obed't servant. ANDREW JACKSON. Dr. Wm. Dickson. Mammoth. We understand (says the New-York Patriot) that a party of gentlemen from this city have lately returned from a scientific excursion to the eastern parts- of New-Jer-sey. In the course of their tour they discovered, and succeeded in disinterring, an almost entire skeleton of the huge mastadon, or mammoth, as it is sometimes called. The party speak in the warmest terms of the attentions and facilities afforded by Mr. Wm. Croxson, the respectable owner of the farm 'on which these remains were found. We are pleased to hear that the ske leton will, in the course of z few weeks, be placed in the magnificent cabinet of the Zy ccum of Natural History. Ship news. Among other lists of cargoes, in the Nantuck et Inquirer, of Tuesday, we find the following: Arrived, sloop Henry, from Falmouth; passen gers, 4 ladies, 3 musicians, 1 lion, 1 lama, 1 Shetland pony, a monkey,a baboon,and 2 lawyers. Massachusetts. In the Le gislature of Massachusetts, to give all possible effect to the vote of that State in the Presi dential election, an act has pass ed to choose the Electors by a General Ticket. New- York. The New-York papers, of the 5th inst. contain, the proclamation of Gov. Yates, of that state, convening the Le gislature on the 2d of August next, for the purpose . of consi dering whether the privilege of choosing electors of President and Vice-President, which is now vested in the Legislature, shall be restored directly to the people. The other day an emigrant from New-York, met an old ac quaintance in one of our streets, (says the Detroit Gazette,) "Halloo !" said his friend, "what under the sun has induced you to quit New-York?" "No thing," said the emigrant, "but her d d politicks; things have o-ot to such a pass there, that I can't tellwhich side I belong to." Military Jlcademy. The Gridley Farm, as it is called, in the vicinity of the Military A cademy at West Point, has been purchased by the United States for SlO.000. the amount appro priated by Congress at the last session, rossession w ux ttt ken in Mav next, when the house, which has been occupied as a tavern, will be converted into a Hospital-

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