Free press. (Halifax, N.C.) 1824-1830, March 11, 1825, Image 1
VOL L THE "FREE PRESS," By George Howard, Is published every Friday, at THREE DOLLARS per year, eoir-.isting of 52 numbers, and in the same proportion for a shorter pe riod. Subscribers at liberty to dis continue at any time, on paying ar rearages. Advertisements inserted at. fifty cents per square, or less, for the first insertion, andtwenty-fiveceuts each continuance. Letters addressed to the Editor must ha post jinid. DOMESTIC. State of Morals in the West. The dense population ofEng Jand scarcely furnishes more in stances of bloody violence, than ire announced almost every week in the papers which reach us from the Western States. Crimes which sicken the heart, appear to flourish where the greatest 'refinement of manners might be expected. Assassina tions, the courage of cowards, is the order of the day. A phy sician, protected by the darkness of the evening, murdered a member of the legislature, to gratify his malevolencethe son of the governor of Kentuc ky, is found with the bloody garments upon him of a strang er, whom he had decoyed, mur dered and robbed. Judges and district attorneys, perish in pri vate combat and the humbler classes of society, follow close in the rear of those savage cx- amples. Surely the West has! gained little in civilization sin.es its earlv history. I he wiidlsria, Alabama beasts that inhabited it, might j there are no more than y,000: Dominion, lying in juxta-posi-plead instinct for their ferocity j Cherokees.... the Creeks claim itiou to it... .AW. Int. the much abused ana insulted savages, no civilized nation dare1 to rebuke, seeing that the most, civilized encouraged them to scalp their prisoners, for the cause of religion. But we of; the present day, what excuse shall be made for us none none. Let us flatter ourselves as much as we please, as being the centre of civilization, where rays are to emanate in all direc tions for the benefit of mankind: let us send missionaries into the wilderness to un teach the sav age the vices which man, in a state of refinement, has taught him. But before thev enter on ! the sphere of their exertions, let1403,34S acres of land. The them stop, and endeavor to cor rect those vices which all the advantages of society have prov ed inadequate to overcome. Chas. Courier. The effigy of Henry Clay was burnt, at Pittsburg, on the night of the 14th inst. A writer in the Pittsburg Gazette, says, that '-'the preparations for this infamous affair were made in haste and in secret;" and "that no man having the most re mote pretention to respectabili ty or decency, is in the smallest degree suspected of participa tion in it." The Iluntsville Democrat, pronounces Alexander Pope and Gen. Taylor, Register and Receiver of the Land Office at Cahawba, as swindlers both of! private and public monies, to an Editor of the National Ga extensive amount. The dis- zette "opines" that, in the dis closure is made in a communi- tribution of Offices by the new cation, which the Editor cor- Presideut,"the South would be loborates. unreasonable "to desire any iar- Petersburg Int. ger portion of office than "it has Wcstern Lands... .The very moderate rates at which some of the finest lands in the world, are now selling in Louisiana, is a circumstance not generally known abroad. We have just heard of the sale 'of 426 acres of land within three miles of the Mississippi and ten of Baton Rouge, for about seventeen hun dred dollars. Near 100 acres of the land in question were cleared and partly under fence. There were sonic huildrigs on the place and several springs of good water. When the proxi mity to market is considered. tour dollars arc certainly far short of the real value of land which yields 250 lbs cotton per -p,aimiSiiduy io receive tne plough. If the cotton planters emigrating irom tno impover ished soils of Georgia and the Carolinas knew how low lands are selling in some parts of Lou isiana, we think the tide of em igration to Arkansas would be in a great measure, turned this way, N. Orleans paper. : i : v. . . . i Indians. An interestins: statement of the superintendants ot Indian afluirs is among the documents accompanying the President's late communication to Congress on the subject of making provision for the per manent settlement oi'lhe Indian tribes on the west of the Missi- sippi....we glean from lids offi - aal paper the following facts.... Thai the number Oi Creeks lo - cated in Georgia and is 20,000... .and that i a na m a in Gear- aiid Tennessee in this State 4,245,700 acres of land and the Cherokees 5,292, 1(30 acres.... in all 9,537,920 a crcs.,...the Creeks and Chero claim in Alabama 5,995,200 acres.. ..and the Cherokees have in Tennessee 1, 055,680?.. .So the Rising Sun Tavern, in hon that the Cherokees, with a po- or of his election to the Presi- puianon oi u,uuu sou is, are in possession of 9,000,000 of acres, or 1,000 acres for every indi vidual, man, woman and child. The whole number of Indians within the limits of the several states and territories is estima ted at 129,2GG souls, divided into sixtv four tribes and rem- 1 a i n I nants of tribes, who claim 77. Indians residing in the States of North Carolina, Georgia, Ten nessee, Alabama and Mississip pi are estimated at 53,G25, con sisting of Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws and Chickasaws, clai ming about 33,573,170 acres, including the claim of the Cher okees of 200,000 acres in North Carolina! Fire. We regret to learn that the British brig Gen. Brock Capt. Whitbw, lying below Wilmington, loading for Liver pool, took fire on Saturday night last, and was entirely con sumed, with 900 bbls. turpen tine, and 200 bales cotton. The 2d mate and two seamen are missing, and it is supposed they were either burnt or drowned. Bislribuion of offices. The uniformly enjoyed." We should be glad if this opiniatre gentle man would inform us what pro portion of civil office under the general government has been for the last five & twenty vears enjoyed by the State of" North Carolina, for example. What Minister abroad has she filled? What office, except the tempo rary Commission under an arti cle of the Treaty of Ghent? iNone: we do not belirwri thr-rp XT , . . - , is at tin's moment, anions the! two or three hundred persons in ouicc at the seat ot Govern ment, with the exception before j mentioned a single citizen of 'that State. We do not mean, j however, to advance the opin- ion that more of the officers of ! government ought to be selected ion that more ot the officers oft Irom the country South anil West of New England, than has lately been. We only say, that in the nature of things, it must be so, particularly in case of a choice of President being made under the circumstance of the late election. The President elect will always be strong at home. It will then be his pol icy, in the spirit of our govern ment, too, so to distribute the great offices of the government as to conciliate, as far as practic able, the good will of the Peo ple of all the States. And what ever the editor of the National Gazette mav think of it as a! 'faet that the Virginia Presidents! j whom he speaks of, have made! imoroannointments to office from ! the State of Massachusetts, at a distance fiom the Seat of Gov-! eminent, than from the Ancient On the 15th inst. a large number of the Citizens of Tren ton and vicinity, advocates of the election of J. Q. Adams, nartook of a sumotuous dinner at dency. The centre of the table was graced with a large Pump kin Pie, measuring 4 feet by 2. JVars and rumors of tvars. The Philadelphia papers state that orders have been re ceived from Washington, "to finish immediately the U. S. vessels upon the stocks in that port, and to put two more on the stocks. W e know not that this is any indication of war: It is the business of wise rulers to be prepared for that evil in the leisure of peace." Similar orders have been re cently issued,we understand, to the other nava! depots. JVhat does this mean? The Northern Editors are at a loss to understand' the reasons of the reported movements in the Na vy Department. Orders are said to have been" received at Philadelphia for the immediate completion of the vessels of war now building there, and for put ting two more on the stocks. The N. Y. American says, that similar orders have been received at the Navy Yard there, and that the Express im mediately proceeded on to the eastward. The N. Y. Mer. Advertiser generalises the ru mor, and reports that orders had been dispatched to the na val depots to prepare for sea with all expedition the vrs sels of war now Ivinj in ordi- nary at the several stations. IVhy those orders? Are they issued at the instance of the President, present or elect? To meet any event already known to the people, or some crisis yet to be developed? Is it Spain, France, what is it? Or is it merely the execution of the system for the gradual increase of our Navy? It is only to pur sue with spirit the War against Ihn nirntns vi f hp Phil. Frank - I J lin Gazette. The Baltimore Federal Gazette, gives us a fur ther rumour, that orders have issued for assembling a strong; U. S. squadron at or near Gi braltar. Another rumour (continues the Gazette) is, that a discovery has been made of the existence of a secret treaty between Spain, and some of the Conti nental Powers of Europe, the conditions of which are calcu lated to disturb the peace of the world, and that a knowledge of this circumstance hastened the recognition of the independence of Colombia and Mexico by England." For ourselves, we have heard no rumour, and can give no explanation.... FOKSXGX, London dates to the 15th January, have been received at New-York; the following extracts are s;iven: The Paris Journals, which have arrived to a late date, con- tinue'to be occupied with the discussions nn ihn strn England has taken in recognizing mrt of the new South American States, and which is described as having caused a great sensa tion in that capital. It is asser ted in a private letter from Pa ris, that in general this vigorous act of the English Cabinet is the first blow given to the Holy Alliance, and that it is a fact that the cabinets of Madrid, Paris and Petersburg have long been preparing a powerful di version in S. America; which the sudden recognition of Eng land has now overthrown. The Paris Quotidienne, of Jan. 10, says that the Represen tatives of the Holy Alliance met the day before yesterday, and that a note was sent to the Cabinet of St. James, on the sub ject of its determination as to South America. J he Cuotidi enne says this determination is a strange one; the Etoile breaks out into threats against Eng land. Suggestions are thrown out of a misunderstanding be tween England and the Holy Alliance, for which it is even said they have been for some time secretly preparing. Greece. Private letters from Hydra of 2d December an nounce that a naval action had taken place near Rhodes subse quent to 2d December, in which an Egyptian frigate was burnt and several transports taken. The fortress of Patras after being blockaded, both by land and sea, is now regularly be sieged. Eight vessels detached from the squadron of Admiral Miaoulis intercept all communi cation from without, by consent of the English, who have re cognized the legitimacy of the blockade proclaimed by the He Icnic Government. Cannons and mortars have been landed at the anchorage of St. Andre, and transported to Scotavpnj, ! where a battery is preparing J The works are directed by Eu- ropean engineers and the artil I lery supplied by a body of stran gers, len thousand Greek sol diers commanded .by Andre Xaines and Constantinc Bozza ris defend the besiege. On the 27tb Nov. Constantino Bozaris, being informed that Joussouf Pacha had just sent two thousand men from Lepan to, commanded by the celebra ted Achmet Pacha, left Sichena himself for the purpose of en countering them. He came up with them on the plain of Xero Compos, beat them, killed Ach met Pacha, and took away fiom the Turks the desire of giving further annoyance to the besiegers. The capture, there fore, of the fort of Patras may be cons'dered very near. Spain. The evacuation of Spain by the French troops has been a signal for the re-organization of the constitutionalists into guerrillas in various parts, of that distracted country; and the measures adopting by the government will have a tenden cy to strengthen and exasperate the people and perhaps produce another overturn in its constitu ted authorities. The govern ment, it is said, intend to bring to trial all the ex-political chiefe within its power; and the re establishment of the cursed in quisition is said to be beyond doubt, the decree only wanting the King's signature. Gen. Es pagne, commandant of Arragon, has applied to the Minister at War for more troops to restrain the people, who are rising eve ry where, particularly at Lower Arragon. The finances of the government are so crippled, and its treasury so exhausted, that certain officers draw only one third of their pay. Several plans for the relief of the Trea sury has been suggested, among others the sale of the seventh part of the estate in mortmain, the-property of the Convents. The actual administration are not in concert, one part being advocates for moderate meas ures, and another and the stron gest are their antagonists. The inhabitants are arrested on charges of uttering seditious cries and tried by Courts Mar tial. The prisons arc represen ted to be full, notwithstanding these Courts "pursue their la bors with extraordinary activi ty." A great number of per sons had been arrested at Vich, and their being no permanet commission, a court martial of Royalist OfiScers, few of whom could read, was formed.. This Court, without hearing the wit nesses in defence, condemned all the prisoners to the sallies. n appeal irom this decision, 'which had plunjred 200 of the principal families in Vich into mourning," had been forward ed to the Captain G eneral. Another expedition to South America is talked of, to facilitate which the expences incurred are to have preference to the treasury over every other claim, and one third of all receipts are appropriated for that purpose. The King's royal'family ar rived at Madrid on the 13th November. Paris papers of the 13th Jan. mention the death of the King of Naples and Sicily.