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Free press. (Halifax, N.C.) 1824-1830, March 18, 1825, Image 1

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JSo. HALIFAX, JST. C. FRIDAY, MARCH 18, 1825. VOL. I. 53. THE "FREE PRESS," By George Howard, Is published every Friday, at THREE DOLLARS per year, consisting of 52 numbers, and in the same proportion for a shorter pe riod. Subscribers at liberty to dis continue at any time, on paying ar rearages. Advertisements inserted at fifty cents per square, or less, for the first insertion, and twenty-five cents each continuance. Letters addressed to the Editor must be post Jiaid. DOMESTIC. Washington, March 5, THE INAUGURATION. At an early hour yesterday morning the avenues to the Ca pitol presented an animated. scene. Groups of Citizens hast ening to the great theatre of ex pectation, were to be seen in all directions; carnages were roll ing to and fro, and ever and an on the sound of the drum and trumpet at a distance gave not ice that the military were in motion and repairing to their different parade grounds. Towards 12 o'clock, the mili tary, consisting of General and Staff Officers and the Volunteer Companies of the 1st and 2d Legion, received the President at his residence, with his pre decessor, and several ofiicers of the Government. The cavalry Jed the way, and the procession moved in very handsome array, with the music of the several corps, to the Capitol, attended by thousands of citizens. The President was attended on horseback by the Marshal, with his assistants for the day, distin guished by blue badges, &c. At 20 minutes past 12, the Marshals made their appearance in blue scarfs, succeeded by the officers of both Houses of Con stress, who introduced the Pees idext Elect. He was follow- ed by the vener; enerable Ex-PiiEsi-ianee dent and family, by the Judg es of the Supreme Court, in their robes of office, and the Members of the Senate precer ded by the Vice President, with a number of Members of the House of Representatives. Mr. Adams, in a plain suit of black, ascended the steps to the Speaker's chair, and lock his seat. The Chief Justice was placed in front of the Clerk's table, on the floor of the Hall, on the opposite side of which sat the remaining Judges, with their faces towards the Chair. Silence having been proclaimed, and the doors of the Hali closed Mr. Adams rose and read, with a clear and deliberate articulati on, the address which will be found in another part of this pa per. The time occupied by the delivery of this address, was a bout 40 minutes. As soon as the last sentence was pronounc ed, a general plaudit commenc ing in the galleries, but extend ing, in a degree, throughout the whole assembly, continued for some minutes. The President Elect then descended from the Chair, and placing himself on the right hand of the Judges' table, received from the Chief Justice, a volume of the Laws of the United States, from which he read, in a loud and clear voice, the oath of office; at the close of which, the plaudits were repea ted mingled with cheers from the snectators who filled the galleries, and immediately fol lowed by the discharge of a sa lute of artillery. The congratulations which then poured in from every side, occupied the hands, and could not but reach the heart of the President. The meeting be tween him and his venerated predecessor had in it something peculiarly affecting. General Jackson, we were pleased to ob serve, was among the earliest of those who took the hand of their President; and their looks and deportment towards each! other were a rebuke to that littleness of party spirit, which can see no merit in a rival, and' leel no joy in the honor of a competitor. Shortly after one o'clock, the procession commenced leaving the Hall; but it was nearly an hour before the clustering groups which had crowded every scat and avenue completely retired. The President was then es corted back as he came, and, on his arrival at his residence, re ceived the compliments and re spects of a great number of gen tlemen and ladies who called upon him, who generally paid their respects at the Mansion occupied by the Ex-President. At 12 o'clock, the folio wins: Inaugural Address was deliver-! ed in the Hall of the House of Representatives, by John Q. j Adams, on his taking (he oath as president of the United States of America: In compliance with an usage. coeval with the existence of our I (Federal constitution, and sanc- tioned by the example of my predecessors i'n the career upon which I am about to enter, Ij appear, my fellow-citizens', inj your presence, and in that of! Heaven, to bind myself by the solemnities of a religious obli- Igatiou, to the faithful perform-5 of the duties allotted to me,j in the station to which I have been called. In unfolding to my countrv- med the principles by which I t shall be governed, in the fulfil-j ment of those duties, my first1 resort will be to that eonstitu-i tion, which I shall swear, to the; best of my ability, to preserve,; protect and defend. That re-' vered instrument enumerates i the powers, and prescribes the duties of the Executive Magis trate; and, in its first 'words, declares the purpose to which j these, and the whole action of j the Government, instituted by I it," should be invariably and sacredly devoted to form aj more perfect union, establish justice, ensure domestic tran quility, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the bless ings of liberty to the people of this Union, in their successive generations. Since the adop tion of this social compact, one of these generations has passed away. It is the work of our forefathers. Administered by some of the most eminent men, who contributed to its forma tion, through a most eventful period in the annals of the world, and through all the vi cissitudes of peace and war, in cidental to the condition of as sociated man, it has not disap pointed the hopes and aspira tions of those illustrious bene factors of their age and nation. It has promoted the lasting wel fare of that country, so dear to us all; it has, to an extent, far beyond the ordinary lot of hu manity, secured the freedom and happiness of this People. We now receive it as a precious inheritance from those to whom we are indebted for its estab lishment, doubly bound by the examples which they have en joyed, as the fruits of their la bors, to transmit the same, un impaired, to the succeeding generation. In the compass of thirty-six years, since this great national covenant was instituted, a body of laws enacted under its au thority, and in conformity with its provisions, has unfolded its powers, and carried into prac tical operation its effective en ergies. Subordinate depart ments have distributed the Exe cutive functions in their various relations, to Foreign Affairs, to the Revenue and Expenditures, and to the military force of the Union by land and sea. A co ordinate department of the Ju diciary has expounded the Con stitution and the Laws; settling, in harmonious coincidence with the Legislative will, numerous weighty questions of construc tion, which the imperfec tion of human language had rendered unavoidable. The year of Jubilee since the first formation of our Union has just elapsed; that of the Declaration of our Independence is at hand. The consuunmation of both was effected by this Constitution. Since that period, a population of four millions has multiplied to twelve. A territory bounded by the Mississippi, has been extended from sea to sea. New states have b.en admitted to the Union, jn numbers nearly e qual to those of the first confed eration. Treaties of Peace, Amity and Commerce, have been concluded with the prin cipal dominons of the earth. The people of other nations, iu hab'ttnts of regions acquired, not by conquest, but by com pact, have been united with us in the participation of our rights and duties, of our bur dens and blessings. The forest has fallen by the axe of woods men the soil has been made to teem by the tillage of our farmers; our commerce has whitened every ocean. The dominion of man over physical nature, has been extended by the invention of our artists. Liberty and Law have marched hand in hand. All the purpos es of human association have been accomplished as effectively as under any other government on the globe; and at a cost little exceeding, in a whole genera tion, the expenditures of other nations in a single year. Such is the unexaggerated picture of our condition, under a constitution founded upon the Republican principle of equal rights. To admit that picture has its shades, is but to say that it is still the condition of men upon earth. From evil, physi cal, moral and political, it is not our claim to be exempt. We suffered, sometimes by the visi tation of Heaven, through dis ease; often by the wrongs and injustice of other nations, even to the extremities of war; and lastly, by distentions among QUrsejves-T-dissentipns perhaps inseparable from the enjoyment of freedom,but which have more than once appeared to threaten the dissolution of the union and, with it, the overthrow of all the enjoyments of our pre sent lot, & all our earthly hopes of the future. The causes of these dissentions have been va rious, founded upon differences of speculation-in the theory of Republican government; upon conflicting views of policy, in our relations with foreign na tions; upon jealousies of partial and sectional interests, aggra vated by prejudices and prepos sessions, which strangers to each other, are ever apt to entertain. It is a source of gratification and of encouragement to me, to observe, that the great result of this experiment, upon the the ory ot human rights, has, at the close of that generation, by which it was formed, been crowned with success, equal to the most sanguine expectations of its founders. Union, Justice, tranquility, the common defence the general wellfare, and the blessings of liberty all have been promoted by the govern ment under which we have liv ed. Standing at this point of time; looking back to that gene ration which has gone by, and forward to that which is advan cing, we may, at once, indulge in grateful exultation, and in cheering hope. From the ex perience of the past, we derive instructive lessons for the future. Of the two great political parties which have divided the opinions and feelings of our country, the candid and the just will now admit that both have contributed splendid talents, spotless integri ty, ardent patriotism, & disinter ested sacrifices, to the formation and adminstration of this gov ernment; and that both have required a liberal indulgence for a portion of human infirmi ty and error. The Revolution ary Wars of Europe, commenc ing precisely at the moment when the government pf the United States first went into operation, under this Constitu tion, excited a collision of sen timents and sympathies, which kindled all the passions, and em bittered the conflict of parties, till the Nation was involved in War, and the Union was shak en to its centre. This time of trjal embraced a period of five and twenty years, during which the policy of the Union, in its relations with Europe, constitu ted the principal basis of our political divisions, and the most arduous part of the action of our Federal Government. With the catastrophe, in which the wars of the French Revolution terminated; and our own subsequent peace with Great Britain, this baneful weed of party strife was unrooted. From that time no difference of principle, connected either with the theory of Government, or with pur intercourse with For eign Nations, has existed, or been called forth, in force suffi cient to sustain a continued com bination of parties, or to give more than wholesome animation to public sentiment, or legislat ive debate. Our political creed is, without a dissenting voice, that can be heard, that the will of the people is the source and the happiness of the people, the end of all legitimate government upon earth That the best secu? rity for the beneficence', ana the best guaranty against the abuse of power, consists in the freed om, the purity and the frequen cy of popular elections That the general government of the Union and the separate govern ments of the States, are all sov ereignties of limited powers, fellow servants of the same mas ters, uncontrolled within their respective spheres, uncontrola ble by encroachments upon each other- That the firmest securi ty for peace, is the preparation, during peace, of the defences of war -That a rigorous economy and accountability of public ex penditures, should guard against the aggravation, and alleviate, when possible, the burden of taxation That the militarv should be kept in strict subord ination to the civil power 1 hat the freedom of the press and of religios opinion should be invi olate lhattlie policy ol our country is peace, and the ark of our salvation, union, are articles of faith, upon which we are all agreed. If there have been those who doubted whether a confederate Representative De-r mocracy, were a government, competent to the wise and ord? erly managemeut ot the com mon coucerns of a mighty na tion, those doubts have been dispelled. If there have been project of partial confederacies, to be erected upon the ruins of the Union, they have been scat tered to the winds. If there have been dangerous attachment to one foreign nation, and anti pathies against another, thev have been extinguished, I en years of peace, at home and abroad, have assuaged the animosities of political conten tion, and blended into harmony the most aiscoruant elements. of public opinoin. There still remains one effort of magnanim ity, one sacrifice of prejudice and passion, to be made by the individuals throughout the Na tion, who have heretofore fol lowed the standards of political party. It is that of discarding every remnant of rancour a- gainst each other; of embracing, as countrymen and friends, and ot yielding to talents and virtue alone, that confidence which, in times of contention for princi ple, was bestowed only upon those who bore thp badge of party communion. The collisions, of party spirit, which originate in speculative opinions, or in different views of administrative policy, are, in their nature, transitory. Those which are founded on Geogra phical divisions, adverse inter ests of soil, climate and modes of domestic life, are more per manent, ami therefore, perhaps, more dangrous. It is this which gives inestimable value to the character of our Goverment, at once Federal and National. It holds out to us a perpetual ad monition to preserve, alike, and with equal anxiety, the rights of each individual state in its. own Government, and the rights of the whole Nation, in that of the Union. Whatsoever of do mestic concernment, unconnec ted with the other members of the Union, or with foreign lands, belongs exclusively the administration of the State Governments. Whatsoever di (continued on the last pare.)

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