Free press. (Halifax, N.C.) 1824-1830, July 04, 1828, Image 2
Domestic. THE TARIFF. The Resolutions of Colleton and of Culpcpcr. The citizens of Williamsburg and of Culpcpcr (Va.) propose to counteract the effects of the Tariff by firm but peaceable means by economy and industry, and by raising am ong yourselves as many of the ar ticles as they are able to supply. The citizens of the District of Colleton, (S. C.) whose proceed ings we this day lay before our readers, propose measures of a very different description. They talk of "open resistance" to the laws of resisting "openly, fairly, fearlessly and unitedly as becomes a free, sovereign and independent people" At the same time they deprecate disunion and the de struction of the Constitution but they declare "it is that we may preserve the Union, and bring back the Constitution to its origi nal uncorruptd principles, that we now advise you to resist its' that of the meeting at Waltcrbo- rough, and it has been said, (and we believecorrectly) that a simi lar application has been made to the Governor from this city." We are at some loss to under stand the measures which the ci tizens of Waltcrborough will deem it incumbent to pursue. Not war, not drawing the sword directly, not disunion; for they de precate these expedients. They wish to save the constitution from going down in blood. Yet they talk of resisting, openly resisting the lanlt. One living report says, that some of the citizens of opinion; attempt to enlighten it South-Carolina talk of declaring Charleston a Free Pojt. Some projector in the newspapers pro poses to lay a tax amounting to a prohibition, to be relaxed in favor of British goods, and to be levied on Northern articles. Yet, let this scheme be what it may; be it the war of the sword, or the war of commercial regula tions be it the opening of Char leston as a Free Pert, or any oth er attempt to secede from the U- nion, or openly to resist its laws, violation;" that "from the rapid we would deprecate the attempt, step of usurpation, whether we' the strong language in which it is now act or not, the day of open -proposed, and the time at which opposition to the pretended pow- it is suggested. The citizens of the new tariff, is but just begin ers ot the OonsMtution cannot be the fcouth, we grant, have many far off; and that it is that it nun causes of complaint. The Tariff not go down in blood, that we now law is contrary to the spirit of the call upon you to resist." They 'Constitution it is part of a facti tall upon the Governor to "con- tious svstcm of society which is at vene immediately the Legislature war with its best interests, and the of the State," pledging them- best received doctrines of politi- selves "to surrender their own opi- cal economv. It boars peculiarly bly nibns of the policy it is incumbent hard upon the neonle of South- will be even more decided and than talk of "open resistance;" or to menace any measures whose consequences may touch the holy ark of our covenant, when per haps the very persons who pro pose them might be the first to deprecate the dissolution of our Union. But the good citizens of Colleton should pause. They arc falling into the very plans which their enemies are most anxious forthem to adopt. Remonstrance, not threats, is the language which they should employ. Reason, not passion, the weapon which they should wield. Appeal to public address it in a calm and constitu tional manner but let no man rashly or passionately jeopardize the Union of the States, or array our countrymen into arms! We are almost sure that it will not be that South-Carolina herself will be the first to prevent it and that the danger, which has been mag nified by false panic or craf ty politicians, has no real founda tion. Richmond Enquirer. The Tariff in New-York. The excitement occasioned am ong our citizens (says the N. Y. Evening Post) by the passage of ninr to be felt. It is not a feel- ing of temporary indignation, such as sometimes makes a choleric man fume and chafe to-day and leaves him cool to-morrow. It will grow stronger as the mis chiefs of the tariff are more sensi bly felt, and six months hence it upon (them) to pursue, if contra- Carolina but, does the present general than it is now. ry to the general voice expressed condition,of thinus authorize the numerous individuals " ' o in solemn council." They pass a violent language which they em resolution of thanks to their re- ploy, or the measures of resist presentative Mr. Hamilton, forhis ance to which they would resort! talents and zeal displayed during Is this the time, as Mr. Jefferson the whole of his political life, asks, when we should stand to Such is the spirit of the eloquent jour arms! Is the oppression so papers which have been adopted (grinding, the despotism so outra "by a respectable number of the:geous, the chance of applying a citizens ot Lollcton District con- more peaceable remcdv so hone- less, as to call upon S. Carolina to resume her rights as a free, sove reign and independent State! Y ill her enlightened and patriotic vened at the Court house in Wal- tcrborough on the 12th inst." The Charleston Mercury of the 18th, in commenting upon these proceedings, says: "The people of Legislature rush to such extremes without allies or support and where will she obtain them at the present time! lias S. Carolina exhausted every 'peaceful remedy, every plan of conciliation! lias she attempted every means of arousing her fellow States by ar gument and reason! Is she pre pared to injure her own cause by any excess and to strengthen the hands of her enemies by her own indiscretion! Has she forgotten the peaceable and legitimate means of opposing obnoxious and unconstitutional measures, which arc marked out by "The Federal ist," and revived by the example of Virginia, and the Report of Mr. Madison in '99! . We do not consider a reform of tho present Tarilflawas hope less. It is odious in many quar ters of the nation. It has strong enemies in Maine, in Massachu setts, in New-York, in the West and in the South. A calm, pow erful and argumentative remon strance may bo addressed by all the dissatisfied States to the jus tice of the next Congress and unquestionably it is infinitely bet ter to make this -direct appeal. Colleton disdain any thing like a mean evasion of the law. They would not form associations to counteract it, nor agreements not to use northern manufactures, nor would they resort to any mode whatever, which, whilst it would go to circumvent the law, would be tantamount to an acknowledg ment of the right of Congress to enact it, and thus tend to' fix the oppression irrevocably upon the country. They disdain all this, as debasing to their feelings, and as a virtual relinquishment of their rights; but denying its constitu tionality, and being determined not to submit to its exactions, they recommend distinctly such "Open Resistance," as becomes "a Sovereign and Independent State." The Address to the Go vernor calls upon him to convene the Legislature for the purpose of considering the propriety cither of adopting some definitive course itself, or of recommending to the people, the appointment of dele gates to a btate Convention. It is understood that the opinion of luce meeting in uolumuia is pretty much in consonance with When the belonging to the more laborious classes of our community find themselves deprived of their employment and their bread by an arbitrary law, they will most assuredly complain and loudly too. Already we be gin to see something of the effect the new duties may be expected to produce. Let any person who desires to satisfy himself on this point go among the ship builders, riggers, sail makers and caulkers of this port, a numerous and in dustrious class of the community, and enquire what they think of the new tariff. He will find that already great numbers of them are out of employment in conse quence of the check given to com merce by the passage of this law, and others are expecting the same consequence to themselves. The framers of the law expected that the iron manufacturers would de rive a great advantage from the new duties. They forgot that, if they destroyed our commerce, there would be no occasion for the use of anchors, chain cables, &c. in our shipping. The law at tacks tho interest of the iron ma nufacturer, by destroying the com merce on which he depends for a market. We are told that, with in a fortnight, a large establish ment in this city, for the manufac ture of anchors and chain cables, dismissed one hundred of its workmen, and in a few days, it is probable, will be obliged to dis miss another hundred. Such is the short-sighted policy of those who would provide for one occu pation by imposing burdens on another. Both are ruined by the experiment. We understand that the Owners of several vaW ships ththis port, rather than tU they should lie rotting at i wharves, have offered the use 0f them, without compensation, um; better times, to any person who will employ them, with the 8ou stipulation that they shall bere turned without any other inju" wear of the voyage. 1 The Tariff in Boston.--The Boston Commercial Gazette c!o" ses some remarks, in relation to the excitement in the South pro duced by the Tariff, as follows: "We are sorry to see the ex citement so violent at the outset. We are still more sorry to seethe misapprehension, under which the southern men labor with regard to the opinions of the people of the north, but we cannot say that we think them wrong in refusing at all events to be the victims of intrigue or of the aggrandisement of partial interests. We trust that the spirit of the south will communicate some spark of gen erous fire to the sufferers hy the tariff in the north, though we should wish the flame to be kept under control. The majority of the people of the north, feel with their brethren of the south in re lation to this measure. Curses not loud but deep, are constantly thrown out against the tariff bill, its authors and supporters; and we trust the time is not far distant when it will be repealed by accla mation, and when its memory will become a hissing and reproach among the people." Jroreign. From Europe French papers to the 15th May, have been recei ved at New-York. There is littl additional news by this arrival from the seat of war. The Ga zette do France of the 14th, says: "The Russian armies have crossed the Pruth they will cross the Danube, and are now in lull inarch for Constantinople. In stead of 40,000 men, who would have been sufficient to invade Wallachia and Moldavia, 250,000 are it; motion. The Black iea is covered with vessels. Odessa is filled with provisions and warlike implements. The sword is u'n sheathed, and at the head quar ters of tho Russian Commander-in-Chief alono must the Turks acknowledge their submission to the treaty of Akerman, to the trea ty of the 6th July, and to the pro mise of paying the expense ot tlie war; if they wish to arrest the tor rents which threaten to overwhelm them." r Accounts from Bucharest t 23d April, state, that accordm, to advices from the Russian fron tiers, the entry of the Russia troops would be retarded for days. Constantinople dates the 16th, say, that the SerasKit had set out for Choumla,and t . the Grand Vizier would soon to low him. The Turks on the bo ders of the Danube, were as tw quil as in time of peace. . The Paris Alonitetir contains Royal Ordinance of the France for the levyyCO;O00n of the class of 18-7.