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Tarborough, (Edgecombe County, JV. C.) Tuesday, lkcemb
r 2;, 1832.
Vol. IX No. 18.
The "North Carolina Free Press,3'
BY GEORGE HOWARD,
Is published weekly, at Two Dollars and Fifty
Cents per year, it paid in advance or, Three Dol
lars, at the expiration of the subscription year. For
any period less than a year, Twenty-five Cents per
month. Subscribers are at liberty to discontinue a
any time, on giving notice thereof and paying arrears
those residing at a distance must invariably pay in
advance.or give a responsible reference in this vicinity
Advertisements, not exceeding 16 lines, will be in
serted at 50 cents the first insertion, and 25 cents each
continuance. Longer ones at that rate for every 16
lines. Advertisements must be marked the number
of insertions required, or they will be continued until
otherwise ordered, and charged viccordingly.
Letters addressed to the Editor must be post paid,
or they may not be attended to.
William II. Redwood,
A GAIN tenders his services to thr citizens of
A North Carolina, as an AGENT- for the dis
posal of such of their Produce as they may be
disposed to send to the
And for the purchase of any commodities which
this market affords.
After several years experience as a Commis
sion Merchant ', (during which time he has had
considerable intercourse with the citizens of
North Carolina, and has reason to believe he has
given general satisfaction,) he flatters himself he
is well prepared, to do entire justice, to the inte
rest of those who may confide their produce to
The most satisfactory references can be given
in Virginia and North Carolina.
Norfolk, 18 October, 1832. 10 9
JTWKES this method of informing his friends
and customers, that he has just received from
New York a part of his
Of the finest and most fashionable Goods,
In his line of business, suitable for the season
Superfine cloths and cassimeres, the most fashiona
Brown Petersham, for over coats, a very sup'r article,
Goats hair, and Ladies camblets, for cloaks,
Plain and figured velvet vestings,
Plain and fancy silks, beautiful article,
Dark and light Valencias,
Plain white and figured Quiltings,
B-st quality buckskin gloves, black and fancy stocks,
Linen collars and bosoms, best pungee silk Handk'fs,
Black and white cravats, suspenders, &c.
All of those goods will be sold very low for
cash, or on a short credit to punctual customeis.
Gentlemen wanting such articles are particularly
invited to call and examine for themselves, as he
is confident he can please all such. .Persons fur
nishing their own cloths, can have them made
and trimmed at the shortest notice and in the
most fashionable manner. All orders from a dis
tance will be punctually attended to.
larboro ,Uct. 1, 3832.
Gins and Fanning Mills.
npHE Subscriber respectfully informs the pub
lic, that he continues to manufacture at his
shop in Tarborough, near the bridge,
Gins and Fanning Mills,
Of the latest and most approved construction.
He will make his work, as heretofore, in the
best manner and as expeditiously as possible
Persons will please apply to Mr. JJenj. M.
Tackson, in my absence.
Tarboro, Nov. 28, 1832. 15
LRS. HARRIET J. ALLEN respectfully
x informs her friends and the Public, that she
intends to open School in the above named Aca
demy, on the first Monday in January next,
when she hopes to meet with that patronage and
kindness, which has ever been given to the In
stitution while under the direction of her sister,
(Mrs. Lucas.) The situation of this Academy
possesses advantages which few can boast and
cannot be surpassed for health, pure air and ex
cellent water. The price of Board and Tuition,
and the course of instruction will be the same as
For Board and Tuition per Session, $50
Music, - 20
Painting on Velvet, - - 5
Payable in advance No extra charges will bf
made for Painting on paper, or for Plain and Or
namental Needle-work. It js expected each
young Lady will furnish her own bed clothing
We the undersigned having had a personal ac
quaintance with Mrs. Allen for nearly ten years.
leet no hesitation in vsaying we believe her
fnlly competent to take charge of the above In
stitution. fVM K. KEARNY,
M. 2T. HA IV KINS.
Shocco, Nor. 22, 1832. 16-6
rpHE Subscribers are receiving a large and ex
tensive Stock of
IT on o?F KVKUY DESCBIPTION.
MLbU) Shoes, Hats, Hardware and Cut
lery, Groceries, Cotton Hoggin
Hope, Iron, Nails, Castings, c i. '
Consists, m part of the following articles
6 hhds St. Croix Sugar.
20 bags Coffee,
10 hhds. Molasses,
10 i N. E. Hum,
30 barrels Whiskey,
75 pieces Cotton lianno
100 coils Bale Rope,0"
10 tons Swedes and English Iron,
100 barrels new Fish,
Also, 5,000 bush. T. I. SALT.
The above ariirl P Will Yn. o..1.1 I C I
r, t sum iijw lor L,asi
or Country Produce, or on a credit to punctual
The highest market price paid at all times for
E VANS $ ANDRE I VS.
Sparta, 2d Nov. 1S32. 1 1
HL 3P. XKL&SEE lit CJ
And Blank Bouk Manufacturers,
May 1, 1S32.
I ESPECTFULLY offer their services to their
friends and the public generally, and hope
by strict attention to business to merit a shaie
of patronage. May iS2
Boot Sjr Shoemakers.
p"j CONSTANT employment, the
e2Tlh'RheSt WaSCS amI Vml PW, will
be given to six or seven steady and
capable Journeymen Boot & "Shoe
makers. They are wanted immediately. Work
men in Norfolk, in Newbern.or in the country,
who are desirous of securing a permanent ami
profitable situation, as wages are hitl er here
than elsewhere in the State, will do well to make
IFM. D. O'LEARY.
Tarboro', Nov. 26, IS 32. 14
Virginia and North Carolina
THE Subscriber takes this method
to inform his friends and the public
generally, that he has taken the House
On Commerce near .Main Street,
Lately occupied by Mr. Thomas Glenn, and
fitted it up in a neat and genteel manner for the
accommodation of Ladies and Gentlemen. He
has been at considerable expense and trouble in
selecting and preparing his Beds and Furniture.
and hopes to please those who may feel disposed
to give him a trial. 1 he Mouse will be onened
on Saturday, the 1st day of December, for
Hoarders and dodgers, by the year, month,
week or day, on reasonable terms.
ERA Y B. IVAL TERS.
Nov. SO. 15 Late of Suffolk, Va.
I have Received
A Consignment of 94 Crates of
By the late arrivals of ship Madison, Capt.
Wood, and Anacreon, Capt. Lenox, from Li
20 Crates assorted white ware,
,, colored ,,
blue and green edge plates,
printed ewers and basons,
white hand basons,
2 painted tea cups and saucers.
1 soup tureens, assorted.
Also, in Store,
Dinner setts complete, light blue, black, brown,
green and pink,
First quality China tea setts, white & gold,
Second do. do. in great variety.
And an assortment of Glassware.
IK K. MACKJNDER.
Norf.dk, V a. Sflth Jane, 1833.
(continued from our last.)
In conformity with principles hereto
fore explained, and with the hope of re
ducing the General Government 10 that
simple machine which the Constitution
created, and of withdrawing from the
States all other influence than that of its
universal beneficence in preserving peace,
affording an uniform currency, maintain
ing the inviolability of contracts, diffusing
intelligence, and "discharging unfelt its
other superintending functions, I recom
mend that provision be made to dispose
of all stocks now held by it in corpora
tions, whether created by the General or
State Governments, ami placing the pro
ceeds in the Treasury. As a source of
profit, th ese stocks art! of little or no va
lue: as a means of influence among the
Slates, they are adverse to the purity of
our institutions. The whole principle on
which they are based, is deemed by ma
ny unconstitutional, and to persist m the
policy which they indicate is considered
It is my duty to acquaint you with an
arrangement mnde by the ISank of the
United States w ith a portion of the hold
ers of the 3 per cent, stock, by which the
Government will be deprived of the use
of the public funds longer than was anti
cipated. By t,is arrangement, which
will be particularly explained by the Se
cretary of the Treasury, a surrender of
the certificates of this stock may be post
poned until October, 1333; nud thus the
liability of the Government, after its abi
lity to discharge the debt, may be conti
nued by the failure of the Bank to per
form its duties.
Such measures as are within the reach
of the Secretary of the Treasury have
been taken to enable him to judge whe
ther the public deposits in that institu
tion may be regarded as entirely safe; but
as his limited power may prove inade
quate to this object, I recommend the
subject to the attention of Congress un
der the belief that it is worthy of iheir
serious investigation. An inquiry into
the transactions of the institution, embra
cing the branches as well as the orincionl
Bank, seems called for by the credit
which is given throughout the country to
many serious charges impeaching its cha
racter, and which, if true, may justly ex
cite the apprehension that it is no longer
0 safe depository of the money of the
Among the interests which merit the
consideration of Congress, after the pay
ment of the -public debt, one of the most
important in my view is that of the Pub
lic Lands. Previous to 4he formation of
our present Constitution, it was recom
mended by Congress, that a portion of
tiie waste lands owned by the States
should be ceded to the United States, for
the purposes of general harmony, and as
a fund to meet the expenses of the war.
The recommendation was adopted, and
at different periods of time the States of
IWassnchusetts, New York, Virginia,
North and South Carolina and Georgia,
granted their vacant soil for the uses for
which they had been asked. As the
lands may now be considered as relieved
from this pledge, the object for which
they were ceded having been accomplish
ed, it is in the discretion of Congress to
dispose of them in -.such way us best to
are the cultivators of the soil. Indepen
dent farmers are every where the baaia
of society and true friends of liberty.
Jn addition to these considerations,
questions have already arisen and be ex
pected hereafter to grow out of the pub
lic lands, which involve the rights of the
new States and the powers of the Gene
ral Government; and unless a liberal po
licy be now adopted, there is danger that
these questions may speedily assume aa
importance not now generally anticipa
ted. The influence of a great sectional
interest, when brought into full action,
will be found more dangerous to the har
mony and union of the States than any
other cause of discontent; and it is tho
p'trt of wisdom and sound policy to fore
see its approaches and endeavor if pos
sible to counteract them.
Of the various schemes which have)
been hitherto proposed in regard to the
disposal of the public lauds, none havo
yet received the approbation of the Na
tional Legislature. Deeply impressed
with the importance of a speedy and. sat
isfactory arrangement of the subject, I
deem it my duty on this occasion to urge
it upon your consideration, and,- to tiie
propositions which have been heretofore
suggested by others, to contribute those
reflections which have occurred to me, in
the hope that they may assist you iu your
It seems 10 me to be our true policy
thai the public lands shall cease as soon
as practicable to bo a source of revenue,
and that they be sold to settlers in limited
parcels at a price bir.dy sufficient to re
imburse to the Uni ed States the expenso
of the present system, and the cost aris
ing under our Indian compacts. The adr
vantages of accurate surveys and un
doubted titles, now secured to purcha
sers, seem to fotbid the abolition of the
present system, because none cun be sub
stituted which will more peifectly accom
plish these important ends. It is desira
ble, however, that in convenient ime this
machinery be withdrawn from the States,
and that the right of soil and the future
disposition of it be surrendered to the
States respectively in which it lies.
The adventurous and hardy population
of the West, besides contributing their
equal share of taxation under our impost
system, have iu ihe progress of our Gov
ernment, for the lauds they occupy, paid
into the Treasury n large proportion of
forty millions of dollars, and of the reve
nue received therefrom, but a small part
has been expended amongst them.
When, to the disadvantage of their situ
ation in this respect, we add tho consid
eration that it is their labor alone which;
gives real value to the lands, and that the
proceeds arising from their sale are dis
tributed chiefly among the States which
had not originally any claim to them, and
which have enjoyed the undivided emolu
ment arising from the sale of their own
lands, it cannot be expected.that the new
States w ill remain longer contented with
the present policy after the payment of
the public debt. To avert the conse
quences which may be aprpehended from
this cause, to put an end forever to all
partial and interested legislation on the
subjectand to afford to every American
citizen of enterprise, the opportunity of
securing an independent freehold, it seeraa
to me, therefore, best to abandon the idea
of raising a future revenue out of the pub
In my former messages I have expres
sed my conviction, that the Constitution
conduce to the nuht. liMmu.nv mrt nnn
... : ...... 6,.- . r .
eral interest ot the American neon e. In (,ues not warrant the application ot tho
:: -1 . hi i 1 . I I'..,,,!., , tl. .... . . . u
iLiuua ui niu vjcuerai ooverumeni 10 ou
jects of Internal Improvement which are
not national in their character, and both
as a means of doing justice to all inter
ests, and putting an end to a course of le
gislation calculated to destroy the purity
of the Government, have urged the ne
cessity of reducing the whole subject to
some fixed and certain rule. As there
never will occur a period, perhaps, more
examining this question, all local and sec
tional teeltngs should be discarded, and
the whole United Slates regarded as one
people, interested alike in the prosperity
of their common country.
It cannot be doubted that the speedy
settlement of these lands constitutes the
true interest of the republic. The wealth
and strength of a country are its popula
tion, and the best part of that population