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Tarborough, (Edgecombe County, X. C.) Friday, March 14, 1834.
Vol. XNo 26.
The "Tarborough Free Press,"
V.Y GKOKO E IIOWAUD,
Ts published weekly, at Ivo Dollars and Fifty
Cents per cu it' paid in advanceor, Three Dol
lar, at the expiration of the subscription year. For
any period less than a year, Twenty -Jive Cents per
month. Subscribers are at liberty to discontinue at
any time, on jjivinj; notice thereor'and paying arrears
those residini; at a distance must invariably pay in
advance, or give a responsible reference in this vicinity.
Advertisements, not exceeding 16 lines, will be in
serted at 30 cents the first insertion, and 25 cents each
eontinuance. Longer ones at that rate for every 16
i'Mcs. Advertisements must be marked the number
r insertions required, or they will be continued until
otherwise ordered, and charged accordingly.
Letters addressed to the Editor must be post paid,
iv they may not be attended to.
From the Chapel Hill Harbinger.
COUNTIKS OF OUTII CAUOI.LXA.
1784. Sampson formed by a division
of Duplin was named after John Samp-'
sou, who was a member of the council of,
the last royal governor and an inhabitant!
of the countv divided. j
Moore the north-western part of
Cumberland. Several individuals of the
same family demand respectful mention
in the history of North Carolina some
tor talent, .integrity and patriotism with
which they discharged the duties of im-!
portant and responsible civil offices ami
others as military commanders, so that
it is impossible here as in the case of
Ashe and Nash, to determine the amount
of inlluence exerted by each individual
in securing for the family this tribute of
respect from the Legislature. Maurice
Monro was associate justice of the Su
preme Court of North Carolina, under
the royal government and Alfred Moore
his son, associate justice in the Supreme!
Court of the United States.
1785. Rockingham, the northern part
of Guilford, so named in evidence of the
grateful remembrance cherished by the
people of the State, of the exertions of i
Charles Marquis of Kockingham in favor
of the colonies in the British Parliament.
178G. Robeson was up to this dale a
part of Bladen in which county lived
William Robeson; a man of ability, pa
triotism and influence, who died before
the close of the revolutionary war.
1783, Iredell separated from llnwan.
James Iredell was one of the associate j
justices of the Supreme Court of the U
1789. Stokes the eastern part of Sur
ly. John Stokes was district Judge of
the United States for the district of
North Carolina. Montfort Stokes rep
resented North Carolina in the Senate of
the United States from 181G to 1823, and
was afterwards governor.
1791. Lenoir. Dobbs was divided
and the old name dropped as in tin: case
of Bute and Trvon. (Jen. William Le
noir of Wilkes was this year Speaker of
Greene. The upper part of Dobbs re
ceived at first the name of Glasgow, in
honor of the individual who was secreta
ry of the convention that framed the Con
Htitution of North Carolina, and after
wards Secretary of State. The name it
now bears was substituted in 1799.
Gen. Nathaniel Greene, commander of
the army of t be: United States in the sou
thern department, died in Georgia, on
the 0th of June 178G.
Buncombe. The western part of the
State comprehended heretofore in Ruth
erford and Burke was erected into u
new county bounded by the Blue Ridge,
on the east, ami the Nolechucky river on
the North, and named after Edward Bun
combe of Tyrrell, a distinguished Whiff,
appointed commander of a brigade of
tin; State troops at the opening of the re
Person. Caswell was divided by a
meridian line into two equal parts, and
the eastern half called after Thomas
Person of Granville, a man of weight and
influence from the lime of the Regulation
in which he appears o have been to some
extent involved down to that of the adop
tion of the Federal Constitution. The
college chapel was named after him Per
son Hall, he having been a considerable
benefactor of the University.
1792. Cabarrus was formed by a di
vision of Mecklenburg. Stephen Cabar
rus of Chowan was speaker of the House
of Commons for several seasons between
1739 and 180G.
1799. Ashe was erected comprehend
ing nil that part of Wilkes lying west of
I he Blue ridge. Samuel Ashe had been
elected governor in the preceding year.
John B. Ashe had been speaker of the
Commons in 178G and Representative in
Congress in 1790-93.
Washington was formed by a division
1308. Columbus comprehends part of
the old county of Brunswick but was es
tablished chiefly at the expense of Bla
den. The time was rather late for the
erection of a monument to the memory
of the great navigator.
Haywood became by the division of
Buncombe the frontier county on the
east. It is in this solitary case only that
the individual to be honored by the impo
sition of a name upon a county is parti
cularly specified in the act of the Legis
lature "in honor of the present Treasu
rer of this State."
1822. Davidson. After an interval al
most long enough lo render the power of
the Legislature to create new counties a
matter of doubt and uncertainly, it is ex
erted in the separation of Davidson from
Rowan. Gen. William Lee Davidson
was killed bv ihe British ut the ford of
the Catawba, on the night of ihe 31 si of
January, 1730 "a brave and tried pat
riot, universally deplored."
1823. Macon including a considera
hie tract of country the Indian tide to
which is nut yet extinguished, and which
may furnish materials fur the county still
further west on the iiiwassec, was called
after Nathaniel Macon of Warren, long
a member of the Senate of the United
States from North Carolina.
1834. Yancey comprehends that part
of Burke lying beyond the Blue Ridge
on the western waters and a small cor
ner of Buncombe. Named after Bart
leil Vancev of Caswell, for several years
speaker of the Senate. N.
The seed should be planted from No
vember to January, and covered from
one to two inches deep. They will not
vegetate until warm weather.
When the roots or seed are planted to
remain permanently, 1 think the best
manner is to set them in drills three feel
apart and place them two feet apart in the
drill. In two years the drills will be filled
up, and there will be space for manuring
between them. I take it for granted, the
immense yield of this grass will produce
exhaustion of the fertility of the soil; and
unless manured, i lie product must lessen.
If not necessary, it is, at any rate, bet
ter, to cultivate it ihe first year, and keen
it clear of weeds and other grasses; after
that, I think it will root out any competitor.
It may be found in every Slate of the
Union from Virginia lo Missouri, (inclu
sivc,) south and west; and I have been
surprised by inquiries after it, from places
where it abounded in the neighborhood.
Wm. . 31 'cares.
From the American Farmer.
GAM A GRASS.
Wilmington, N. C Feb. 1834.
Dear Sir: So many inquiries have been
made of me, as to the nature, mode of
culture, Sec. Sec. of ihe Gama Grass, I
am induced to communicate through the
medium of your paper, such knowledge
as I have on the subject.
The grass is perennial. Its most val
uable qualities will be as hay, and when
used green, for soiling. 1 have not yet
made the experiment, but doubt whether
it will answer for pasturage. This doubt
is produced, not only by the form of the
grass, but by the fact, that it is never
found growing spontaneously where cat
tle have uncontrolled access.
The soils most suitable to its growth,
are limestone, alluvial bottom, and rich
clay loams. But its great excellence is,
it will grow and produce abundantly in
any soil, (dry enough for Indian corn,)
naturally rich or made so.
He who cultivates it on poor ground,
with the hope of large crops, will certain
ly be disappointed.
It produces very little if any seed, the
first year, nor does it reach its full matu
rity and best product, until the second or
third year. j
It is very easily transplanted. Wheri
there is only a small supply, the quantity
(for another year) may be greatly increa
sed, by taking up the roots in the fall or
winter, and dividing or transplanting
diem. Each root will furnish from five
to twenty and sometimes fifty plants.
Distressing Accident. On Thursday,
the 13lh inst. Mr. Jonathan Conrad, of
this county, on his way to attend a wed
ding of one of his relatives, was thrown
by his horse, and so much injured, that
he expired the day following, lie was
a promising young man, and is deeply la
mented by his parents and friends.
and should not be made to cover individ
uals from their just liabilities. In our
judgment, the decision ought not to
stand. Baltimore Amer.
Fire. On the night of the 25th ult.
the steam mill of Messrs. Rascoe Se
Willi), at Edentou, together with a quan
tity of plank, was entirely consumed by
fire. Loss estimated at about 5,000 dol
lars. Raleigh Star.
Missionary Meeting. The annual
meeting of the Virginia Conference Mis
sionary Society was held in the Mclhodist
Church, in this city, on ihe evening of
2Gih ultimo, in the presence of an over
flowing audience. The meeting was ad
dressed in a forcible and interesting man
ner by the Rev. Messrs. Drake, Dog
gett, Win. A. Smith and II. G. Leigh,
and a collection taken, in aid of the funds
of the society, amounting to about 145
07The Little Rock (Arkansas) Ga
zette of 8t4i Jan. states that the boiler of
the steamboat Missouriau burst, and that
sixty persons lust iheir lives.
Shocking Accident. The New York
Commercial says: A terrible catastrophe
happened on Saturday. Mr. C. C. C.
Cohen, an operative chemist and scienti
fic gentleman, having a laboratory at 37
Hamilton street, and who had been re
cently employed in supplying the in
creased demand for fulminating powder,
used in the manufacture of percussion
caps, while engaged in making that arti
cle on a new and more expeditious plan
than heretofore, was blown inio pieces
by its explosion. At one o'clock, says
the Courier, he left his laboratory to
go to his house to dinner, but in a few
minutes returned and was in the act of
pouring the mercury from one vessel to
another over a charcoal fire, when it is
supposed that a spark from the firo
struck the mineral in the vessel he held
in his hand and caused it to explode.
He was horribly mangled, his eyes wero
driven back into his head, one of his
arms were blown off into the street, ihe
other only hung to his body by a few lig
aments, and was entirely taken off by Dr.
Rogers before his death, which followed
in a few hours.
Hard to beat. Jesse Powell, Esq. of
Wake Forest, killed, a few days since, a
Pig which weighed 400 lbs. The sale
of it yielded him 24, exclusive of the
ofTa I . Raleigh Register.
Cl?A novel decision was made in the
United Slates District Court in Louisia
na, a few weeks since, in regard to the
liability of mail contractors for debt.
The mail between Mobile and New Or
leans is carried by steamboats. The
owners having become largely indebted
to sundry persons for supplies furnished
to the boats, the creditors by the custom
ary civil process seized upon the boats.
On the application of the U. S. Attorney,
the Judge set aside the order for seizure,
upon the ground that the creditors by
these proceedings were guilty of "ob
structing ihe carrying and conveying of
The general principle is thus affirmed
that the property of mail contractors used
in complying with their contracts with
the Post Office department is not liable
to civil process for debt; n principle
which, we imagine, cannot be sustained
by public opinion. No argumentum ab
inconvenient! to the United States, can
be construed to suspend the operation of
the State laws for the collection of debts.
The same doctrines would exempt all
those engaged in the transportation of the
mail from arrest for any ofience whatev
er, and establish, by a construction, no
broader than that assumed on this occa
sion, total exemption for a particular set
of individuals from all responsibility to
Slate process. The technical ofience of
obstructing ihe carrying of the mail re
quires malice ngnhist the public service,
(tWe have been favored, (says the
New York Gazette,) with the following
extract of a letter from Shrewsbury, N
J. dated on Tuesday last, which we pub
lish, with the sole omission of the names
of the persons supposed to be implicated
in a dark transaction:
"There is considerable excitement in
Shrewsbury, about three kegs of gold
coin found in the cellar of , af
ter he had hung himself. They are said
to contain 878,000, supposed to have
been pillaged from some wreck. It is
also reported that three murders wero
committed, and that ten persons in the
neighborhood of Long Branch were con
cerned. A. B. who was one of them, al
so hung himself, being apprehensive that
some of the gang wero about to turn
States1 evidence. An investigation is
now going on which may result in a full
disclosure of all the facts."
Reading, Pa.) Jan. 28. A rare in
stance of the efiecls of ihe upbraidings
of conscience, occurred a few days since
which deserves a passing notice. A far
mer residing a few miles from this place
called on one of our oldest established
merchants, and stated, that a certain day,
more than eleven years ago, he had pass
ed on him a 810 counterfeit bill, descri
bing the note. The merchant, who had
always been in the habit of preserving, in
a small book kept Tor the purpose, all
counterfeits, as well as the dates of their
reception, referring to it, found the bill
as well as the date at which he had recei
ved it corresponding to the farmer's
words. The latter, on taking hold of ihe
bill, tore it into fragments; with apparent
satisfaction, and desired the merchant to
calculate the interest, which, having been
done, he paid the whole amount, in good
money. He had veceived the note, the
farmer staled, at the time, for a genuine
one, but did no't know of whom, and, just
starling in the world, could not well af
ford to lose so much; and besides this
his wife argued, that he had as good a
right to puss it olios the person who hod
imposed it upon him. Ever since the
day or which he passed it, his conscience
had goaded him but now it would be at
ease, and he went ofi as conienicd as if
he had received a capital prize.