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THROUGH A BRIDGE.
Friftitfal. Drop of i Car Loaded With
FORTY PERSONS WERE INJURED.
Remarkable Accident in Cltycf Syra
cuse-Unsound Trestle Continued
Syracuse, N. Y..—B^eclal.—While a
car on the old Bast sido surburban
-Una of the Syracuse-Hapld Transit
company was crossing tho James
street bridge over the Oswego canal
in tho heart of the city about g:K)
Saturday afternoon, the bridge sud
denly gave way. dropping the car and
Its 60 passengers to tho canal bed 30
feet below. Several persona were
croaslng the bridge at tho time and
wjnt down with the car, while a horse
and loaded lumber wagon plied on top
of tho heap. About iO persona were
Injured. H is not believed that any
deaths will result, although there are
reports of several of the worst injur
ed being dangerously hurt.
Had the canal been filled with wat
er. tho result of tho accident would
have been Terrible. The car struck
the tow path end first and then slid
off into the mud at tho canat bottom,
where it stuck. The water would
have been deep enough to cover all
but a few windows and the front
door, and many of ' the passengers
would undobtedly have perlshod.
When tbe crash came persons on
the street called the fire department,
ladders were quickly lowered' and
the injured carried up and sent to
their homes or to hospitals in carriag
es and ambulances.
For ,more than a year thero havo
been criticisms of the of
the bridge. Tho bridgo was about 80
feet long and GO feet wide. It was
broken sharp Off at both embank
ments, the entire structure going in
to tho canal.
To Open Cammunl.atl jn.
Pekin, —By Cablo.—The meeting of
* the generals of the allied troops .and
. Count von Walderseo last week was
of K?cat interest and Importance.
Though it wan Known before Uand
what had practically been decided
upon, ctill the meeting showed con
clusively tho attitude of th 6 different
powers. Tho only dissentients from
tho plan adopted were Gen. Chaffee,
' the American commanded and Oea.,
Wogack, commander, of the Russian
force#, who both thought that the num
ber of tnopa was too great. Tho
other get&raU were unanimous in
the opiniota that nine points on tho
railroad, should be occupied between
Pekin and Shan Hal Hi, with 6,000
men exclusive of the £.OOO In Pekin.
This will be a permanent measure,
while tho reduction of tho present
forces will be made according to tho
wishes of tfye respective governments.
The ralljvay between Pao T'ng F"u and
Pekin will not bo guarded, It not
being a line of communication with
the sea. Gen. Chaffee suggested that
it was only necessary to occupy two
point between Yang Tsun and Tieu
Tsin and thcoc between Tien Tain
and Shan Hai Kwan, with a total
of 2,000 men, exclusive of those at
Pekin. It was not necessary,! he said,
to hav\» soldiers at Tong Ku, as naval
vessels wero always there and also
because the reliefs were always pas
sing backward and forward. Gen.
Wogack thought 1,000 men would be
sufficient for occupying Tion Tsin and
Shan Hal Kwan. Tho views of tho
majority will be presented to tho
ministers for immedlato action as ths
generals feci that the acceptance by
tho Chinese of these terms Including
the total destruction of the forts at
Shan Hal Kwan. Pel Tang, Taku.
Tong Ku, Pel Tsan and Hang Tsun,
will mean complete submission w'ium
arrangements ought to be made for
the withdrawal of a majority of the
forces from China.
Activity In Japan's Army and Nsvy.
Yokohama. —By. Cable.—The Japa
nese government Is maintaining great
secrecy regarding Its policy, i>sl it Is
said on good authority that the cab
inet meeting held Friday resolved to
communicate with Russia in firm
terms respecting Manchuria There
Is extraordinary activity in navkl and
Murdered Filipino Boy:
Washington. D. C.,—Bpeclal.—Pri
vate Edward M. Brodie and James F.
Coffey, Troop C, Third cavalry, were
recently convicted by court martial
at Manila of murder and rentencd to
imprisonment and hard labor for life.
It appeared from the record, a cop/
of which has been received at the
war department, that the accused mur
dered by shooting a hxrmlet3 native
boy II years of age whom they met
on tho highway. MaJ. Gen. Wheaton.
commanding tSe department of north
ern Luzon, approved the sentence,
which will bo executed at Bilibld
prison, Manila, Philippine islanua.
Ths Swiss Were Engaged.
Geneva, Switzerland, —By Cable. —
A serious demonstration against the
Russian and Italian consulates and
the residence of the Italian consul
occurred Saturday evening in connec
tion with the extradition ol Jaffei, an
alleged accomplice of CautanO Ores
'* ci. the assassin of King Hqinbert.
The mob tore down and shattered
the coat„o( arms at the Russian con
sulate but were prevented by the
police from doing materU damage
HIS YEAR'S COTTON ACREAGE.
K Large Crop WIN Pat Prices Down
The paramount question tn North
Carolina now la the fear that the far
mers are going to seriously Injurs
themsalftos by planting so large a crop
of cotton that we will have another
five cent ootton crop. Mr. 3. L. rat
tenon, State Commissioner of Agri
culture says that the prospect of a big
cotton crop la troubling him aa It la
troubling other thoughtful men in the
"What la the outlook for an increase
In tbe colon, acreage!" was asked the
C-JnimlSsioner. tit said:
"Judging from the heavy movement
of fertilise!*, It Is the evident purpose
of the farmers to plant vary large
crops, tt la genes oily supposed that
the Increased acreage will be devoted
mostly to cotton though there la a
torUency among far mors to use a
larger amount of fertiliser per acre
than heretofore. In either case, whe
ther the acreage or the amount of fer.
tillzer per acre Is Increased, the re
sult wiU be an Increased yield."
"How do you Judge on Increased
movement of fertlllzersT"
"From (the reports of fertiliser in-'
spentors who are looking after the le
gality of the traffic fertilisers, amd
from the Increased sale of fertilizer
tags. The sales of last year were un
usually heavy, but the sties this sea
son exceed all post records. I can
not say, of course, tbait all or the
main part of the increased purchase
of fertilizers will go under cotton. 1
hope a large portion will ge under
grain s«ij truck crops, but the gen
eral Impression seems to be lhat most
of it will be devoted Ito ootton."
"What will be the effect of" a large
increase?" be was asked.
"With a favorable season. If the
yield (is In proportion to tho acreage,
I greatly fear that the farmers will
have cause to regret the making of so
large a crop. I fear we shall see five
can*, cotton agnJn."
"Do you think that this fertilize!
movement indicates a large crop this
filt la ttoe reason for the present de
pressed prloe of cotton t
"Not altogether, but T think It is
one of the causes that has ope rat to
depress the price, undoubtedly, If
tlveire was no prospect for a larger
crop Ohls season than was raised last
year, future cotton would go up
with a Jnmp, which would effect pres
"After ttoe experience of the past,
however, continued ttoe commissioner,
I cannot believe that our North Cairo-
Una farmers are going to raise cotton
at the sacrifice of food products. Dur
ing tho pjst two years ttoey have be
come Independent than ait any time
ellvce the w«ar, and this result has
boon accomplished by tbe policy adop
ted. A few years ago, after the pamlc
brought about five cent' cotton, the
farmer made themselves independent
by raising home supplies and produc
ing co ton and tobacco largely as sur
plus crop#. If they continue this wise
policy, aa I cannot' but believe they
will; they maiy not reap the boneflta
of the high prices of the last two
years, but at any rate tthey will not be
swJumped toy lndebfedneca"
Is th«re evidence of a general ln
ortwe In acreage through the South?"
"The same danger exists In other
southern States of too large an ln
creaso of cotton, but efforts are being
made by leading farmers and farmers
organisations in the South !t*> per
sund» the farmers to keep the acream
within rrrfe bound. Tbe Cotton Grow,
erg Association is taking active step*
in tlhls direction in all the cofiton
Plate*. MaJ. Graham, the president
of the North Carolina branch of thla
organisation, has I ceiled a notice urg.
lng the farmers of the cotton countries
In thla MOwAr re
spective court houses to consider and
u'lsciies the present cotton conditions,
and for protecting tho price as far n«
possible from adverse manipulations.
MaJ. Graham aptly says:
"If ww wish to sustain the present
price for future crops we must prevent
a glut on the market and own the
crop when produced. An excesslvs
acreage this year will affect t» some
degree the price of cotton now on
hand, and reduoe that of the next
An Electric Road.
Elkln, Special.—Tbe incorporators
of the plectrtc road from IClkila 0
Sparta are having the route surveyed.
This company which secured a charter
from the last Legislature, embraces
tuch public spirited citizens as Hugh
Ohath«m?W. C. Flelda add R. O.
Doughton. It will be a blessing to
this section and bring thousands to
this portion of tbe mountains to spend
rial. Martin's Shortage.
The Martin embezzlement Of public
eontlnoes to grow In amount
The $12,000 of Saturday has gone up to
$16,000, and the end of the examina
tion of the books 1a not yet finished.
NobDd7, save possibly Mad- Martin,
can guess what the total sum will be
when ttoe tovestlgatlon has been com
pleted. Many are predicting J hat it
wjll reach thTee or four times the sum
now known to have been taken by
biro Tbe wonder of It all Is that be
successfully eluded detection for so
long a time. It Is reasoned that if he
could have stolen (15,000 or more
from «&» penitentiary fund, be could
have done the same with the other
public Institution funds Is his hands
ran> below cost of production Th»
situation Is In our hands, but without
organization nothing can be acoom
Commissioner Patterson added: "It
Is not too M* to devote a portion of
the feoff Intended lor cotton to the
corn crop, and ttoe farmer who makes
a good coop of corn this year will cer
tainly be on tbe sale side, for the ten
dency of food crops Is Upward wtotle
that of the oottoo crop ,I# decided L/
jfrue to Ourtelve*, Our Neighbor », Our Country and Our Gotl.
WILIJAMSTON, N.C., TnfjftSDAY APRIL 10.1901.
Ihe War Department Sends General
Chaffee lastructfeiis. : . .
WILL AGREE TO DISMANTLEMENT.
But Will Take No Part In Destruction
or In Maintaining A-mo J Posta on
, Washington, D.' '"O., Special.—Gen.
Chaffes hai cabled ths war depart*
meat from Pckln that the military
commanders representing the foreign
pawcra there are now considering the
question of disposing or the Chlnse*
forts and of establishing fortified
posts at proper interval* along the
route from Pekin to tho sea. Gea.
Chaffee asked for Instructions for his
guidance'la the conference.
After the subjoct had been well con
sidered at tho White House, as w«ll as
at tho stat* and war departments, the
instructions were calbled to Gen.
Ohaffco. The text of these Is with,
held but It Is stated that they are
drawn on the lines of tho Inetructlons
sen.t to Mr. Conger at the time he ac
cepted the joint agreement under
which the negotiations between the
ministers at Pekin were to be re
servations which Mr. Conger was to
make In that case are precisely tho
subjects which are now before tho
military commanders At Pekin, name
ly, the destruction of ttoe Chines*
fortifications and the provision of
Vmed International pouts along it ho
route from Pekin to the sea, Gen.
Chaffee will favor the disarmament of
the forts, Instead Qt tho doptructlon,
but cannot participate In the estab
lishment of armed post*. He will,
however, remain In the conference
exerting his best efforts to amollorato
the conditions «long»ttoe lines lndl
Meanwhile the war department la
pushing Its preparations for the com
plete evacuation of China by American
forces, save only the legation guard,
and It Is now stated that everything
will be in readiness to bmbark Gen.
Chaffee's army at Taku for Manila on
Not a word has been received from
Mr. Rockhlll aA Pekin for the la3t
three days. Consequently there Is no
official confirmation of the Pekin re.
port that the Chinese government has
dually refused Russia's proposition as
Bursting of That 13-lnch Shell.
JWaahAigton, D. C., Special.—-The
navy department has received Bn of
ficial rr&ort on the bursting of a
shell one of the Kentucky's
guns. Thw-report says the explosion
occurred writhe Instant tho shell left
the gun, so that the full force of the
concussion not conveyed to ' tho
gun. It was sufficient, however, to do
some damage to the forward >part of
the weapon and for t>wo Inches around
the Inner mussel tho rifling Is entirely
flattened out. Thla. however, docs not
crinple the gun In any way and there
will be no necessity for repairing It.
It was one of the trig 13-toch guns of
tbe Kentucky and the shell which ex
ploded weighed something over 1,100
pounds. The shell was one of thost
furnished bj private concerns.
Listing Steel Corporation Stock.
New York, Special.—The stock list
committee of the stock exchange has
recommended and MlO governing
committee voted to list the none
shares of the United States Steel cor
poration. At present 'the application
for formal listing asks the privilege
for only JIO.CKX) of stock, $5,000,000 of
the common and $5,000,000 of the pro.
Death of a Benefactor of Ills Race.
Philadelphia, Special.—Wm. R. War
ner, a widely known manufacturing
chemist, died In this city Friday. Mr.
Warner was the flrrt man to manu
facture sugar coated pills and to In
troduce llfcorlco tablets. He was dis
tant relative of George Washington,
and his art collection Included over
lOt) portraHa of Washington.
Strike In Cotton Mills.
'Charlotte, N. C., Special.—A special
to The Observer says that a general
strike of all the operatives, in the
textile mills of the south will be or
dered unless the demands of President
Gompers for a ten hour day Is acceded
to by the Riverside mills, at Danville,
Va. The general strike will be or
dered on May I.
Prance has ordered the constructs*
at 20 additional submarine boats.
J. G. A. Irishman, our Minister to
Turkey, was received by tbe Sultan
with great ceremony.
Prosecution of 60,000 defaulters un
der the Vaccination act has 'begun at
Leicester, England. . . *>
There have been 315 oises of bu
bonic plague at Cape Town and 107
deaths, Including 22 Europeans.
The condition of M. Waldeck-Rous
seau, French Premier, is alarming.
Another abscess ins formed in hit
About 5,000 striking dock laborers
presented themselves for work at
Marseilles and 4,000 were employed.
The Buckeye Match Company, with
$200,000 capital, has been organized at
Akron, 0., to fight tbe Trust.
Wm. J. Murtagti, former proprletoi
Of the National Republican ami one of
the beet known ciOUene In the Dlscrlej
of OolumWa, died in WtffAJngton City
froftr fHe effects 0 r a'"i s.pOjSTe!le sfrok*
Sustained last Monday.
Mrs. Stonewall Jackson, who lives
at Charlotte, N. C., will prtrt>ably de
cline an Invitation to attend the
Confederate reunion at Memphis, -
Two,. Wtuf of (ailing h tilth.
Given In the Now Celebrated Rice Will
f -■ • \
MURDERER TRIED TO KILL fIIHSEIF
Tbe Former Vsfet of the Murdered
Millionaire Relates Ills Story In
Now York, Special,—Charles F.
Jones, th® rilet-secrmry or Wm.
M*rah Rlol, the rich Texan, resumed
ths glvi*« of testimony In tho proceed
ing* against Albert T. tfctrlck, who it
charged with causing Rice's death in
Order to obtain possession of his prop
erty by means of a will, deeds and
cheeks, which It is alleged, woro forg.
Jonos began the day by relating
that on Monday, tho day following
Rice's death, four men, who repro
sonted themselves to be lawyers, call
ed atjtho flat and asked questions con
cerning the circumstances surrounding
the death. Jones KoM Patrick, ho
thought these men were detectives. On
Tuesday afternoon he was taken to
pollco headquarters, where he was
questioned. Ho found Patrick also at
police 'headquarter*. Patrick told Johea
he had destroyed the will witnessed
In Patrick's office and a number of
bogus letters written on the will mat.
ter. On this occasion, Jones testified
Patrick asked when Rico had last
been given mercury.'"l told him on
Thursday," Jones Raid. "Patrick then
told mo there would not bo any
traces of that left In tSie system nt the
time of the autopsy and that tho em
balming fluid would kill all traces of
the oxalic aold, which was a vegetable
Tho so-called "Patrick will" was
then brought up. Jones said he had
told Patrick tlhat tho provisions for
Rice's relatives In the will which was
destroyod the day. following Rice's
death were too smnll and that W
would be impossible to get Jit probaied.
Patrick, Jones said, then had the so
called "Patrick wlll'V drawn. Jones
said before ho wias locked up ho mads
a statement Whlrih WRS entirely ficti
tious and of wWqh too could not recall
even the most salient features.
Jones then ttild how Mr. House had
been appointed lawyer of l>oth Patrick
and himself. From hero Jones passed
to his attempt to commilt suleldo. "On
the before tho attempt was made,"
said Jones, "Patrick and I hod a talk
In the reception room at ths Tombs.
Patrick Wanted mo to shoulder tho
responsibility for tho time. I told him
1 would not confess unless I could tell
a straight fitory. I said I would rather
kill myself on account of the disgrace
of the thing. Patrick said tihia might
be tho best thing for us both and suld
he would kill himself, too. He said ho
had a small knlfo lb Ills cell. The knifo
would do for one and hi would try to
get somo carbolic acid from Mr. Potls.
Hd gave mo the knife. I put 1t tn my
shoo and took It to my coll. hat IT.
Potts called. Patrick told me Potfs
would not gc'. him the poison. About
1 o'clock In the afternoon, aflor I had
gotten the knife I sat In my cell writ
ing some letters and preparing for tho
end. Just theoi I was cilled to tho dls
trial attorney's OfWce. While tliero I
made a confession. I was brought back
to my cell In ttoe evening and at
about 4-o ! eloeh 4n the n>Ornlng_ I
tried to cut my throat." Jones then
told of being taken to Bellevue and
there making a new confession. The
new confession 4s'tho ono on which
his present testimony Is based".
Jono» explained what he meant
wtoen ho said that Patrick did not
wish to live until Monday, as on that
day a draft 'Vould )>p payable. Tho
witness eaid that a week or so before
the death of Rlce certain oil wells
In Texas In which he waj Interested
were destroyed by Are. Rice resolved.
to rebuild them and bonivl himself to
provide nearly 1200,000 for the re
building. On tho strength of this tho
oil well people drew for *28,000, the
draft being payable on Monday, Sep
tember 21, Jor.es testified again today
that Patrick wlrhcd to avoid the
payment of (this money. "I wild," the
witness continued, "on Baturday that
the old man would probably dron off.
Patnlck said we could not rely on that
but bad to got him out of the way tho
Heivy Snow Storm at Pittsburg.
Pittsburg, Pa., Special.—Pittsburg
was Wednesday tho centre of a snow
storm that began early In tho morn
ing, continuing with great force until I
after doing thousands of dollars'
worth of damage, It rendered practi
cally useless for a time| every electric
wire In the City, suspended all street
car travel and In the early hours iso
lated the city from the outside world.
Heavy rain fell before the storm
came and all reports from up the riv
er points to rising streams which may
bring about a flood here and bel6w.
China Declines to Slgn.i
Pckln, By Cable.I—The 1 —The Chinese gov
ernment has formerly notified Russia
that China, owing to the attltudo of
the powers, is not able to sign the
¥fTf h '"1 > P convention. | "It Is Chi
na's desire,'' says the formal notifica
tion, "to keep on friendly terms with/
all nations. At present she Is going
thmqgb a pariod which Is UK-most
fa the dknplrw's history ifnd ft
Is nocesary that she should have ths
friendship of all,"
TAKES THE OATH.
tfuinaldo Swears- Allegiance to
PROPOSES TO BE A GOOD CITIZEN.
—! — V
Chief of the Flltpluo Insurgents
Subscribes to Uenaral Mc Arthur's
Oath - May Help Hake Psdcs.
Washington, D. C., Special—The
Wtor ljepaif. inout today received Infor
mation. from Qencxal MaoArtliur that
AgulmiUU) has taken tho oath of alle
glanco to tho United States under the
torma of anrawwty offered by Genoral
MaeArthur by dlrnctlon of Kh« Presi
dent. Tho news came to .the ,Depart
ment In 'ihe following cablegram:
"Slnco arrival at Manila, Agutnaldo
has been at Mohican an, Investigating
conditions In tbe archipelago. Ho has
relied almost entirely upon the in
illructlvo advice of Chief Justice Arel
lano. As a result, today he sfibscrlbed
and sworo to the declaration on page
11 of my flifnnal report
Tho oath referred to la aa follows:
"I, , hereby renounce all
anco to auy atid all BO called revolu
tionary governments in tho Philippine
Islands nnd recognize and uceupt the
supremo authority of the United
&;atos of America therein. I do sol
emnly swear that I will boar true
faith and allegiance to that govern
ment: that 1 will at all times cdnduet
myself en i& faithful nnd law-«l>t.llnx
clil/ou of •Uhe said Islands and \wlll
not, oltlior directly or Indirectly, hold
correspondence With or give Intelli
gence to an enemy of tho
Rates, nor will I abet, harbor or pW
lect ouch enemy; thut 1 Impose upon'
myself these voluUury obligation*
without any mental reservations, or
purjKAje of evasion, so help me Owl."
General Mac Arthurs dispatch con
tained milch more than wn» given to
the Mibllc. The portion withhold relat
ed to the future disposition of Agul
naijfo nnd made suggestions ns to
what, the liute chief of tho-Insurrection
might accomplish. No official state
mtin>t could IK> obtained ns 0 what
finally would be dotio with the prison
er, but It was emphatically stated that
he would be held for tho present, but
would bo grunted all possible Immu
nity consistent with existing condi
General MaeArthur has hopes that a
great deal may bo accomplished
through Agutnaldo. During tbe time he
has been a prisoner ho has been made
quite a favorable Intpreselon upon
Uooenal MaeArthur. 14s ha.s been sug
guled that under the terms of the
notice of amnesty, tho prisoner should
bo get nt liberty at once but there Is a
provision in tho amnesty proclama
tion which says that those jurho hnve
violated the laws of war aijo excepted
from Its terms. Whether or not Gen
eral MaeArthur has satisfied himself
that Agulnaldo has not violated the
laws of war cannot lie stinted, as the
prisoner would be perMltcd to talio
the,bath pendlnglan Investigation ol
hi'a past conduct. Agulnaldo, having
been the bend of the Insurrection, un
doubtedly cnn> be held 1111111 further
Investigation is made orjintil circum
stances which surround the slhuitJon
In WHO Philippines mako It ndvlsable
\ry nlenro him outright' or thsrwias
(I'spo-.i; ol him. These conditions and
•aho general situation and Agiilnaldo's
relation to them were tlie subject of
General MaeAnthiir's dispatch nnd am
being considered by the authorities
wlo will have the till ill dlr-puaitiou uf
tli 0 matter.
Tho news of Agtilnaldo's action was
recc.lve-l wHli evident satisfaction by
tho W.air Department, and the opinion
\va.i expressed iHiat Rood results would
follow among those who have been
still holding out against the United
StaiU*. 'A'Kiilnnldo's taking the oath of
alleglairaoe," said one member of -tiwi
(vilslnet today, "emphnfllr.ea the lmpo|-t
--ance'of his ca,tl'nro. It. makes more
clear that tbe Insurrection has about
reached Its end nnd foreshadows the
oarly ocrrople'c general accepnncc ol
United States sovereignty atid author
Ity. Only a compiuatlvely small num
ber of Filipinos/ire *tlll In arms and
Itfie .effect of AgulnnHo's action on
them Is abvlons. Ktom no,v on we wdl
press forward organlring ttjs best gov
emimen.t wo can stilted lo tho needs of
tho Philippines. Agtilnaldo's submis
sion will! havo a considerable bearing
in his favor In the determination of
the mr.titer of what, to do with him.
That will not be deckled for jomo tlmo
and General MaeArthur and the Phil
ippine comimlsslon meantime will de
llherato carefully over tho question
before roach In* any conrluslon. Should
the capture and sirbmlMqn of the
Flllp.no chieftain mark the'beginning
of Ihe end In the Philippines, as Is ex
p«ted, the effect upon the American
naval representation In Asiatc waters
will! be a very considerable reduction
of OUT naval force In the Bast. There
are at present about 57 of our naval
vessels on the Asiatic station. A good
many of them now will be sent homs
to form nuclei for now squadrons. It
fe possible that the European Statloa
with headquarters in the Mediterrane
an will be revived, and also that the
re-creation of the old South Paolfls
station will follow."
Harrison Elected Mayor of Chicago.
Chicago, Special.—Carter H. Harri
son has l>een re-elected mayor of Ch!-,
capo for tho second term and will next
week commence his third torm as the
chief eTSßiftlite of ths city. Ht« total
plurality over .ludec K|brld(?e Hnnct-y.
the Reptibiicftn nomlnne, wiU be In the
Republican nominee Is "8,-87 votes.
The, total rots of ths Hty, Is MarsisM
150.X62;' Hanesy 125,0'J5; Hhrrison'j
KUIAL HIE LIMAKIES.
Sap*, of Public lis traction Prtpcm
One or the aat Important move
ments that hu been Inaugurated In an
oiucatlonal way In North Carolina In
mtliy a dry la that Cor rural public
school libraries wnn developing In a
very pitlfTlnf wajr In accordance
with an act of the General Aaartly
under the opcctlon of which the Btate
cortrlbixes $lO each to as many as
t«*» districts In a county, prorlded
each district ralsee an additional (10.
ani| secures a donation of |lO from the
•A Marge number of schools In the
county districts of mors than a docen
counties have already notified the
SupnrlD'ondent of Public Instruction
that they have complied with the re
qulrtnienta of the law and want the
910 ftom the State.
" The act under which the libraries
r.re bflng established provides that the
Superintendent of Public Instruction
shall prepare the rules and regulations
subject'p> which the libraries shall bo
General\Toon, the Superintendent
of Public Instruction, has lost no time
In preps rlngtbese rules and In fact
has wielded a very effective Influence
in the rapid organisation of the var
ious libraries. General Toon Issued
tho following letter together with gen
eral Ittirni y rules to the coOßjy super
intendents of public Instruction, to wit:
Dear Sir:—l send you by this mail,
.under E (urate cover, copies of the law
In relation to the establishment of
public libraries and the rules and
regulations for their management.
Permit me to urge upon you to sea
that every possible safeguard b»
thrown around the ' custody of the
JrfSol-s. When the bill wsa before the
General Aeseenbly, a number of the
members expressed the fear that ths
proper rare would oot be taken of the
looks. If the officials will give this
matter their careful attention, they
oan show that need be no fur
ther apprehension on this account. In
many of the greu libraries, tho loss
of hooks Is InftMte shnally small.
There Is no reason why small libraries
In the country cannot be managed as
well as large libraries In the city.
Women are eligible to appointment
as purchasers of books as local mao>
ii gent, and as librarians.
You will note that the authority to
select books Is left to the discretion of
the person who Is appointed to per
that duty for all the libraries
t hat may be established In any
county, in counties where several ll
ovnrles are established. It may be well
forvtho purchaser to buy different
looks for the various libraries with a
view as Is provided in ths
net.. XT f
If the purchaser of books In any
county should desire to have any sug
ge-'lons as to the choice of books. 1
rh;vll be glad to subm!t\upon applca-
Uon, lists suitable for such libraries.
Very truly yours,
T. F. TOON.
Utiles and Regulations Governing Li
braries for the Public Schools in
Rural Districts urader Arts of 1901:
The purehaeer of books shall not
turn over the books until a book case
hall have tieen provided wtthoutci
p- npe to t>he public. The case must Tie
of good material and furnished with a
f ulwtantlal lock. The doors may ht
of wood or of glass The case should
he not less thin three feH high, three
feet wide, ami one foot deep In the
dear. There should be not less than
shelves, each about one-hull
Inch thick. The distance from the
j l-cttom of the case to the lower shelf
fproild he 10 Inches, from the second to
' he third shelf to the top of the .case
S inches. White pine should not he
u.vd for the case for shelving.
The purchaser of the books, when
he'tums over the books shall furnish
to 4he local manager a full and com
plo'e list of the bH>ks In a blank
Io:>k. and said entry book shall re
n.'iin In the porjefcson of the local
The local manner shall, upon the
r eelpt of the hooks, enter In n blank
book- k> title of each book and author
and publisher, and said book shall re
— — L - - ~
Gnsti Fenl Collie,
x. - , /k
Dyvoted to the Edacatiou of Young Women.
LARGE FACULTY OF la SPECIALTISTS.
Schools of Music, Art, Elocution. Business and Literary Courses
Charges Moderate —Board $lO Per Month.
Well equipped Laboratories fof ludividual Work, library
of more than 7.000 volumes for Inference and General Reading.
College Building Heated by Steam, Lighted by Electricity.
Situated in the Center of a tragus of Forty Acres.
Elevation 800 feet above sea level. Health record unsurpassed.
-—Boni for Catalogie. ' ——-—■ —. - • ■■ _ .
DREQ PEACOCK, President.
:: * 1 •
main hi the library. Ha shall ap
point a librarian sad shall designate
the place at which the library shall be
kept. During the smtoa of ths sehooC
the library may be kept la the school
house, hat the llMry shall sot fla
In the sohool boose during the meaihf
that the school Is not la in— inn U
the local manager may deem It best
to have the library located at MM
point other thea the school boos*
while the school Is la sesaloa he shall
Gigantic Rsflwsy Deal
New York. Special—Reports thai
huge railroad combinatioas are la pro
cess of formation have been widely
circulated here. Detailed statements
concerning the plan already published
looking to the comhtnattoa af all the
great railway systems of the United
Stato under the control of one com
pany were given, but as a general
thing prominent railroad officials and
bankers declined to dlacoss the matter.
According td all accounts the enter
prise Involved the greatest combina
tion of capital known in the history
of Bnsnce. '' -
Cases Nol Pros ted
Winston-Salem. N. C.. Special.—The
registrars a*d other cltlseaa Indicated
In the Federal Court at tireensboro
Monday. This means that the cases
have been nol prossed. This is the re
sult of the conference of the Iswyers
for the prosecution and defendants,
hekl in Greensboro Wednesday Bight.
Stray Shots. .
No. Maude, dear, colored card rlay
ers do not carry raters because It 1s
necessary to cut for the deal. 1
\ LABOR WORLD.'
Musicians in lteadlug. Pens., have
orKauintl a union.
A textile talior. union baa been sr
gimlsed nt Kplirata. l'enn.
In Chicago tlie metal polishers have
established a co-operative shop.
The wages of Iron workers in Kcot
laiul will lie reduced ten per cent.
('onl operators at Lick Kun. W. Vs.,
will try to use none but nou-umou
President Mitchell will he asked to
settle the strike in the ludlana soft
Tlierc are 30.000 cosl miners idle In
Scotland owing to the strike for an
eight bourwy. , I
fool lie Ist lug engineers at Massillon.
Ohio, want an eigbt-bour day, and
tbrenteu a strike.
Indiana glass manufacturers will
close all their plants from May 11 un
til late In the fait
New York t'lty bank clerks are or
ganising fur instruction by exchange
of personal experiences.
The strike of dockers at Naples,
which liegan in sympathy with tbe
Marseille* strike, has come to au end.
lllast furnace operators of Youngs
town, Ohio. liave yielded to employes*
demand for twenty cents a day In
Five thousand cotton mill operatives
nt Danville. Va.. have refused to ac
cept au t'lcvcu bour day froui April to
Tbe Washerwomen's and Scrub
women's I'nlon, at Reading. Penn..
organized some time ago with twen
ty-seven niemlwrs. has concluded to
dial mini, the members having lost aU
Interest iu the association.
I Alitor Union No. 30. of tbe
Union of Rrewery Workmen, at New
York City, reported that one of its
mem Iters had l-cen suspended for Join
ing tbe National Cuard. No explana
tion of this action was given in tbe re
The segregation of alleged 'dull
pupils, as proposed by a Chicago edu
cator. would be irrational and unjust,
"even"lf R were" not Impracticable, for
the reason that the average dull
pupil i» not dull, lie simply docs not
respond to a fixed. Inflexible court e of
Instruction that takes no account of
varying temperaments and m ntal en
dowment*!. The rational remedy is to
bo found In a teacher who has tact
enough and sympathy enough and in
telligence enough to adapt her Instrue
| tion each day to the "dull" pupil as
well as the bright puplL