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Civilian America Is
To Sacrifice For An
All-Out ^ar Effort
The President gave the signal and
America's war production machin
ery. already rolling, switched into
high gear Today we are moving at
constantly quickening speed along
the only sure highway to victory?
the hard and rocky road of self sac
There's not a one of the whole 130,
000.000 of us. probably?man. wo
man or child?who won't have car
ried some part of the burden of this
war before it is over, before the
Japanese are slapped back onto their
own islands and disarmed, before
Hitler and his stooge Mussolini and
their followers?willing and unwill
ing?have been made harmless. Ex
pressed in terms of cold cash, the
huge 1942 program for tanks and
guns and planes and ships will cost
more than $400 for every citizen of
thftg^ United States ...
So far the crisis in materials need
ed for this vast production program
has been reflected chiefly in the na
tion's auto salesrooms and auto sup
ply stores. So far it's beer primarily
a matter of cars and tires.
But already other changes arc on
their way. changes which will be re
flected in the products displayed on
the shelves of tradesmen in thous
ands of towns and villages when
present stocks are exhausted.
Take clothes, for one thing Clothes
are going to change They are going
to look different, and they are going
to be different too That's hrrmisr
we are cut off from sources of wool
in Australia and New Zealand, and
because so much wool is needed for
military uniforms There's from 40
to 50 per cent less wool available for
civilian use this year and it's going
to mean that overcoats probably will
be made out of a mixture of virgin
wool and re-used wool, and that
coats will be shorter and trousers
skimpier, and an end. for the dura
tion. of the "two-pants suit "
The Vital need for more and more
alcohol to make explosives is going
to change the formula of lots of
things on your drugstore shelves
Not things you need when you're ill,
but things like toothpaste, and per
fume. and a great many cosmetic
products. The Office of Production
management has ruled that no more
alcohol may be used in the manufac
ture of such products after Apnl 1
To date, despite tremendous lend
lease shipments to Britain, there
hasn't been any real shortage in any
food stuff Nearest approach lo a
shortage is in sugar, because much
sugar is made from cane, and sugar
cane molasses has been .largely used^
to make alcohol..The OPM has order
ed distillers equipped to make al
cohol from corn or grain to use these
At the same time the Office of
Price Administration ordered an up
ward adjustment in the price ceiling
above refined and other "direct con
sumption" sugars, a maximum price
advance of 20 cents a 100 pounds
This isn't expected to have any im
mediate effect on retail prices, be
cause retailers now are selling sugar
acquired at lower prices. When pres
ent stocks are exhausted, however,
retailers will have to pay higher
wholesale prices to replenish their
The sweeping drive tu conserve
metals for war production continues
with lead?the raw maUnal for bul
lets? latest on the list headed by
copper and ^teel, tin ami aluminum.
Just as iron and steel priorities
meant far fewer refrigerators and
no pleasure autos at all; just as tin
priorities are working changes in
everything from cans to many arti
cles customarily found at the five
and dime stores; so With restrictions
on the use of lead for civilian pur
The lead order, effective April 1,
will even be felt in the undertaking
business?no more lead may be used
in caskets or in casket hardware. No
more lead, either for automobile
body solder, for ballast or keels of
pleasure boats, for foil or ornament -
al glass or regalia or badges or em
blems. Nor for statuary and art
goods, toys, tennis court markers.
Lead may not be used in bats (a?
weights), or in clocks, decoys, golf
clubs, dresses and jockey saddles.
America's force of war workers
No jap, Please!
Howard Yip. Chinese welder at a
California shipyard, wants to be
sure no one mistakes him for an
enemy Jap, as he helps build Amer
ica's Victory Fleet. He wears this
sign on his back reading "Me Chi
nese please, no Jap" as he helps
along the accelerated program of
tint maritime com mi as ion.
leaver Again I rges
Ordering Of Parts
Despite scattered reports to the
contrary, there is every need for far
mers t<? order reoair parts for their
farm machinery immediately, says
David S Weaver, agricultural en
gineer of N. C. State College.
In a few counties, he said, local
implement dealers have questioned
Hi, Minority of ordering
because they felt repair parts would
be available in sufficient amounts at
any time this year
While it is true that the produc
tion of these parts will be about five
per cent greater than in 1941. it must
jbo realized. Weaver said, that new
| machinery will lx scarce. Therefore,
many farmers will have to patch up
old machines they had intended to
I discard this year.
At the same time, the State Col
1 lege man explained, the Nation has j
! been called upon and will deliver an
. all-time record of farm production
in 1942 This must be done with less
j labor than was available in 1941.
I Consequently, more machines will
be required to do the job. More ma
chines in operation mean more re
pairs than ever before.
Even though implement dealers
may have a large amount of repair
material in sight, Weaver pointed
out. it may not be enough to handle
the extreme needs which in all prob
ability they will face as farmers vis
ualize the necessity for repairing
thnr machinery Art the coming crop
A state-wide campaign designed to
call the farmer's full attention to the
importance of-putting his machinery
in good shape has been launched and
is getting a good response, the State
College engineer said
muM In doubled oi trebled tu meet
the Victory production program and
women must play a larger part in
war industry, says Sidney Hillman,
OPM s Associate Director . . . The
OPM has prohibited use of methyl
(wood) alcohol in manufacture of
anti freeze compounds . . You'll
probably be putting something con
taining ethyl alcohol or isopropeny]
in your radiator . . Paper manufac
turers were warned by OPM against
| building up excessive inventories . . .
Paper pulp is a real wartime mili
tary necessity, it's used in making J
pasteboard containers for small arms 1
ammunition The OPM is cam- 1
paigning for waste paper salvage . .
Canadian paper mills are planning
to increase newsprint prices . . . The
OPA conferred with representatives
of tlu American publishing indus
try. which gets 75 per cent of its
newsprint from Canadian mills . ?. .
Director of Defense Transportation
Joseph B. Eastman, says military
needs for iron and steel constitute a
particular danger to the trucking in
dustry . If trucks can't be replaced
the burden carried by the railroads
may gow heavier . . Our railroads
are doing a job. Mr Eastman said,
and they're helped by a public which
realizes thai first things come first.
Try "Rl'B'iyiY-TISM" ? A
Home Talent Show
Thursdayy Friday. January 22, -23
HIGH SCHOOL AUDITORIUM
WILLI AMSTON, N. C.
Sponsored By Lions Club
ALL MALE CAST
FVN And FROLIC
Admission: ADULTS 44) rent*
CHILDREN Under 12 17 cents
Carolina Farmers Can
U. S. Defense Program
Your Government is counting on you, Mr. Far
mer, to play a very important part in winning
tliiN war. and to do your part, suggest that you
lake tiicm- FACTS and do your best to carry
out the outlined program.
Farmers must produce more food, with fewer
men. make their machinery do at least 40 per
cent more than normal, as there is metal avail
able for only 80 per cent of new machinery.
Flic shortage must be made up by better use
of ALL present machinery.
Order ONLY such NKW farm equipment as is
absolutely necessary, repair and recondition
present equipment NOV!
Be sure to make careful search and gather ALL
Scrap Iron and Metals that might be around the
premises. ALL metals are needed in defense
program?Iron and Steel are extremely vital.
Scrap Iron and Steel are not only desirable but
j are ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY in the present
j method of manufacturing NEW Steel. There
| are many tons of scrap iron and steel on the
farms of Martin County accumulated through
the years in the discarded farm machinery, trac
i tors, gas engines, automobiles, fence wire, etc.
Scrap metal dealers are licensed by the State,
there are also persons who buy junk in most
towns and so-called peddlers who go from farm
to farm. As these last have no means of weigh
I ing the metals, it is recommended that where v
' er possible farmers deliver their scrap to the
vard of a licensed dealer.
FARM MACHINERY PROGRAM
PLACE SIGNED ORDER for all repair part* AT ONCE. This does
not mean just talking it over with the dealer, hut means ACT! AL
LY PLACING SIGNED ORDER. This is one of the most important
IMMEDIATE STEPS in the entire program?for this reason: Man
ufacturers will not he given priority for metal except upon dealer
orders, hucked up by signed, Bona-Fide orders from consumers. The
usual practice of waiting until just before a machine is needed in
the field and then going to town for a repair part, will not work this
spring. THERE WON'T BE ANY REPAIR PARTS THERE, un
less the order is placed AT ONCE.
Order enough to take care of normal repairs for 1942. DO NOT
Order sufficient?hut not more replacement parts, such as mow
er guards and knife sections, repairs to transplanters and other
Rehabilitate abandoned or discarded machines. Many machines,
discarded because of minor breaks, can be reconditioned and used.
Change in farming method or crop may have made a machine use
less on one farm, hut serviceable on another. SELL IT. or TRADE
IT to someone who can use it. ?
Determine a\ailahility of machines for "custom" work. Farmers
should make arrangements with machine owner EARLY.
Furin Equipment Dealers The dealers are KHI per cent for this
program. With little new machinery to sell, they will devote much
time to this REPAIR PROGRAM. Vocational Agricultural High
School Shops?These shops, in many instances, are equipped with
tools suitable for doing repair work. The teachers ure behind this
program. Work with them in every detail. Public garages, ma
chine shops and blacksmith shops. These shops are equipped for
all types of repair work.
U i ? ??
All farmers should order grant-of-aid lime and phosphate immed
SCRAP METAL PROGRAM
To gel every pound of farm scrap metal which in not serving, or
can't he made to serve Agriculture, into proper channels for Na
Farmers should collect usuhle metal and scrap material of all kinds
(iron, steel, brass, copper, lead, zinc, old tires, paper, rags, etc.).
This collection will accomplish three things:
Aid tremendously in National Defense.
Bring some money returns from its sale.
Kcinovc certain hazards to humans and livestock
011 the farm.
Take all metal to licensed dealers' junk yards if possible.
Ordinary farm scrap (No. 2 Melting Scrap Steel) should bring
from 10c to 50c per 100 pounds at the yards. (Less than this is
offered for sheet metal, more for copper, brass, lead, etc.)
Nothing should he sold for scrap that can he used on the farm, in
the home, or in the community: holts, nuts, washers, rods, braces,
angle iron, flat bars or tool steel or any part which might be used
to repair farm machinery or for other purposes should not be
sold. High School Farm Shops need material of this sort in their
school Defense Shop Courses.
Old papers and magazines should be wrapped in a bundle and sold.
Old auto and electric light batteries should he sold. Sheet metal
and fence wire should he assembled and sold. Old tires can be
sold. Class and bottles are not desired.
Your building supply dealers are prepared to repair and build
many items used on or about the farm.
This Ad Sponsored and Paul For By the Following Patriotic Firms:
B. S. COURTNEY
E. & W. GROCERY CO.
ROSE'S 5c & 10c STORE
CLARK'S PHARMACY, he.
W. G. PEELE
Williamston Parts & Metal Co.
Roy Ward Coal & Wood Yard
ECONOMY AUTO SUPPLY
ANN'S VARIETY STORE
LINDSLEY ICE CO.
WILLIAMSTON MOTOR CO.
ROANOKE CHEVROLET Co.
FARMERS SUPPLY CO.
MOORE GROCERY CO.
WOOLARD HARDWARE CO.
Willi am slon Hardware Co.
CHAS. H. JENKINS & CO.
DIXIE MOTORS, he.
WILLIAMSTON SUPPLY Co
G. & H. Builders Supply Co.
WOOLARD FURNITURE Co.
J. E. POPE
Enterprise Publishing Co.