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Wood ToTake Place
Of Coal, Oil As Fuel
In view of the present transporta
tion shortage, the Government Is
suggesting that farmers and peo
ple in small towns use wood as fuel
instead of coal and oil, where feas
R. W. Graeber, Extension forester
of N. C. State College, says that the
use of wood fuel has great possibili
ties in North Carolina for the heat
ing of homes, curing tobacco, heat
ing schools and in smaller industries
where equipment can be readily
changed from coal-burning to wood
The forester said a ton of dry wood
is equal in heat units to about a half
ton of soft coal. Different kinds of
wood vary in weight from about 1
1-2 to more than 2 tons per cord.
"The maximum heating results
are secured from well-seasoned or
thoroughly air-dried wood," Grae
ber said. "Such wood will then con
tain about 15 to 20 per cent moist
ure by total weight. Fuel wood re
quires from six months to a year to
season properly. If it is intended for
next winter's consumption, the wood
should be cut not later than this
The Extension worker said that
farmers, in providing themselves
with fuel for their winter use, can
place their woodlands in good grow
ing condition at the same time. :*Util
ize the poorer species," he suggest
ed; "the dead, crooked, defective and
heavy-limbed trees not suitable for
commercial use. This thinning-out
process will give the good trees a
better chance to grow into saw-tim
Farmers who have stacks of wood
alongside the road should find a
ready market for surplus fuel, "and
this is one time that surpluses will
mean extra profit for the farmer,"
A SUPERB BLINDED WHISKEY
FOR THE MAN WHO CARES
M.8 Proof. li% grain neutral spirits.
Cantalrs Bra DtotUllng Co, tee.
'Row, Row, Row Your Boat..
Lacky b pretty Maxine Arlen to be living In Atlantic City, N. J., where
the Inland Thoroughfare provides the perfect answer to gasoline
rationing. Maxine rows to work daily, dons a skirt after tying up her
rowboat, doffs it for the row home after her stenographic chores are
Rationing Plan In
In Personal Letter
Life Still Moves Forward in
Battered Coventry Despite
Bombs and Rationing
Iji a letter to her brother, Elder E.
C. Stone of near here, his sister ro
cently described the rationing sys
tem in Britain. Writing from the
much-bombed city of Coventry, the
sister stated that a temporary library
had been set up there, meaning ap
parently that the regular institution
had been destroyed by the German
Postmarked in Coventry, April 9,
the censors possibly having gotten
behind in their work before releas
ing it. The letter follows, in part:
_My Dear Brother.
We are glad to get your letter. We
liked the patriotic envelope. It is the
first I have seen like that. The let
ter got here in 14 days, very "quick
compared to the sea route. That way
some of them took over si* weeks to
Should like to come and share
some strawberries with you and sup
pose you could supply the cream. It
was a luxury to us in pre-war days
but now it is an unheard of thing.
Last year there were a few straw
berries at a fabulous price. I can't
remember what it was. Brussell
sprouts have been 30 cents per pound
and cabbage 16 to 20 cents this win
ter. They are getting cheaper now.
We have been able to get plenty of
root vegetables at 6 cents a pound.
Just lately the government has
released cans of fruit and he have
had two cans of pineapple, one of
peaches and one of plums. We have
eaten the pineapple and are saving
the other fruit for some special oc
casion, don't suppose there will be
much more. It had been in the coun
try for some time. The pineapple
came from Singapore so we know
we shall not see any more of that
for some time. We get quite a fair
share of dried fruits now, raisins,
prunes, dates and Sultanas. This has
all come about through our point
system which is a very fair way of
rationing. We have to ration at one
shop for our fats, cheese, bacon, su
gar, jam, but everything else that has
been rationed since those things come
on what we call points and every
person is allowed 24 points a month
to spend on dried fruits, canned to
matoes, canned milk, breakfast cer
eals, canned fish or peas and peas
and one can go to any shop for
them. Of course, some of the things
take a big number of points. Every
body seems to want Salmon or Am
erican meat, so to counteract that
they put the value up and one has
to give 32 points for a can of sal
mon and 24 (that is the value of one
book for the whole month) for a can
of American meat, but we can buy
from the grocer cut off In ounces
I HAVE MOVED TO
I wish to advise my customers that I have
moved to the building formerly occupied by
W. E. DUNN
Next door to HalTs Barber Shop
NOTICE TO FRIENDS ? When you need ?
?nit, drop in ind tee our temples. Hundreds
to select from and we represent the most rep
utable tailors in the country.
State College Hints
For Farm Homes
By RUTH CURRENT
State Home Demonstration Agent
So far as health is concerned, we
can get along with absolutely no su
gar. Sugar applies fuel or energy to
the body but other foods can do this
just as well as sugar.
Do something everyday at home
to help win the war.
There's an old saying?maybe you
remember it?that "a good hoeing
is worth as much as a shower." Even
a heavy downpour does little good if
most of the rain runs off. But a good
hoeing keeps down weeds. Weeds
draw heavily on the moisture in the
soil. The fewer the weeds, the more
moisture saved for the crops.
"Tickle the ground with the hoe,
and you will make it laugh with a
Don't let the insects get ahead of
you in the garden.
Make plans for a fall garden by
buying seed now. Don't wait; seed
will be hard to get later.
Save two tons of hay for every
cow you expect to keep. Hay will
be high next winter and hard to get.
Prune shrubs that have finished
flowering but do not prune those
which produce berries.
Prune only htose plants that need
Thin out the older canes and avoid
round or flat pruning.
Rayon hosiery can bo expected to
give good wearing results. The ex
traordinary long wear of nylon hos
iery cannot yet be expected, but
when a comparison is made with
sheer silk hosiery, the consumer will
probably be pleasantly surprised.
Reasonable care in handling and
washing rayon liose is, of course, im
portant. Treat them as you did your
fine silk hosiery but have several
pairs and wear on alternate days to
allow sufficient time for thorough
drying. Remember that rayon stock
ings are weaker when wet and their
full strength is not regained until
completely dry. If you roll or knead
them in a turkish towel (for a few
minutes only) it will make them dry
more quickly and evenly. When you
take them from the towel, shape
them gently and place double over
a rod or line.
Cabbage is versatile and is very
good when freshly green and not too
solid. That's when it is delicious,
briefly boiled wtth nothing added
but salt and a little butter.
Butter, cream, bacon, cheese,
bread, onions, garlic, celery, pars
ley, canned tomatoes, lemons, bacon
from a big slab without rendering
so many points. For dried fruits we
only give six points for the pound,
and breakfast cereal 3 points for a
box and so on. So you see it makes
an even contribution and the more
in a family the better it works out
and what you don't get one month
you look forward to getting the next.
We have three books each and an
other card with coupons for clothes.
Our needs to be a good mathemati
cian, I say, to shop wisely these days.
Don't know whether you are inter
ested in this I have just gone on. We
have to get interested, things being
as they are: Life is not simple these
days but it is surprising what one
does get used to. We are only get
ting one egg each a week.
The winter has been terribly long,
cold and sunless, but today is a love
ly spring day and have noticed the
blossoms in the almond trees at the
bottom of our road and the gentle
man that lives next door has brought
a bunch of wild violets from his lit
tle boy who is evacuated into the
We saw a lovely lot of little lambs
frisking In the green fields which
is pleasant to feast one's eyes on af
ter looking on so many wrecked
buildings on the streets this win
ter. Everybody has been thankful
for quiet nights but, of course, we
never feel really safe. I still have
plenty of work to do and help with
We only have a temporary library
now, made up of books given by oth
Shows To Be Held
Livestock breeders are generally
forgetting about show animals for
1043, and are concentrating on pro
ducing meat and other products on
the Food-for-Freedom list, says L.
I. Case, Extension beef cattle and
sheep specialist of N. C. State Col
lege. This is commendable, the ani
mal husbandman declared, but there
still will be a number of fairs and
shows at which steers and breeding
cattle can be exhibited.
Case said that 4-H club members
and other farm youths will be given
an opportunity to show their baby
beeves if transportation facilities are
still available. He said that plans are
still going forward to conduct the
1942 State Fair, but Dr. J. S. Dorton,
manager of the fair, is prepared to
call the exposition off if it seems in
the best interests of the war effort.
The International Livestock Ex
position, usually held in Chicago the
first week in December, has been
cancelled for 1942, but fat stock and
carlot competition will be held at
the Chicago Stock Yards at approx
imately the same time that the 1942
International was scheduled.
"In other words," Case explained,
"competition this year will be con
fat, and other meat drippings, all
diments, can be useful in making
of which are foods rather than con
meals palatable?and in solving that
old left-over problem.
An attractive table isn't necessar
ily an expensive one. The important
thing is to have the table cover
clean, the silverware shining, the
glassware clear and sparkling. All
these details have a marked effect
upon our appetite as well as our
A centerpiece of flowers or green
leaves, however, simple, adds a
touch of pleasantness.
Meals, above all, should be pleas
ant. Many cases of indigestion start
with a heated table conservation.
Yanks Read Mail 'Down Under'
Our soldiers in Australia keep in touch with their homo folk by mail.
They are shown reading their first mail from home after reaching
Australia. Some of the men wear tropic helmets, the others absorb the
fined mostly to market animals of
the type that 4-H club members feed
out as fat calves. Some breeding ani
mals w ill be exhibited at county and
sectional fairs where little travel will
be necessary to bring stock to the
With this in mind, the Extension
specialist advised: "Farm boys and
girls who are feeding and fitting
steers for 4-H club shows should go
aherfd as usual. Some provisions will
be made for the exhibition and sale
of these steers. Our National govern
ment is interested in the production
of more food, especially livestock
products Therefore, 4-H members
and vocational students who are con
ducting baby beef projects are do
ing their part In the war effort".
Possible To Raise Iteef Cattle
Cheaper In East Tart of State
Under certain conditions, it is pos
sible to raise beef cattle cheaper in
Eastern North Carolina than in the
mountains. L. I Case, extension an
imal husbandman, says throughout
the eastern part of the State where
grazing reeds are available, it is
probably possible to produce cattle
cheaper than almost any other sec
tion of the United States. Much of
the land along creeks in the Coastal
Plain will grow grass splendidly if
given a chance. This kind of land,
although unfit for crops, is the best
pasture land on the farm. Tremen
dous acre yields of hay also can be
produced in Eastern Carolina
Things To Watch
For In The Future
"Strap-hanaina" facilitiea for
transport airplane passengers on
short trips. One line is considering
selling "standing room" because of
the shortage of seat space ... A new
form of nylon which can be used as
"type metal," cast, printed, cleaned
with benzine, melted and recast . . .
A light-radiating walking stick of
unbreakable plastic, for use in
black-outs, emitting either red or
blue rays More "MacArth^rs"
and fewer "Mikados" in trade names
?a freight model locomotive by
Baldwin is a case in point. Similarly,
Eberhard-Faber changed its pencil
trade name from Mikado to Mirado
A new radio-controlled relay de
vice which automatically turns off
the house lights when the local radio
station goes off the air, as in a raid
. Wooden soles for shoes, chemi
cally treated to give them almost
leather-like flexibility . . . "Victory
Gardens" along railroad rights of
way?-the Chicago and Eastern Illi
nois has made available a total of
184 such acres to be worked free
Increase In Poultry Raising
In Mortli Carolina This Year
Best estimates indicate a 15 per
cent increase in layers on North
Carolina farms this year. Hatchery
reports also indicate that the 1942
hatch will probably run between 20
and 25 per cent higher than that of
1941 This increase is the result of
the Government's call for more
poultry and more eggs, both as food
for people at home and to supply the
needs of the armed forces and lease
, When your hwul aches and nerves
are Jittery.. K?'t relief quickly, pleoa
1 miUv. with Ckpudlne. Acta fast be
cittise lf? liquid. U?e only as directed.
I All druggists. 10c, 30c. 60c.
/""* IVE your family "food security" next
winter through "Patriotic hoarding."
Fill a* many of your shelves as you can
with delicious fruits and vegetables,
home-canned in your own kitchen . . .
probably from your own Victory Garden.
This kind of "hoarding" is patriotic!
K you can't raise vegetables in a Vic
tory Garden, then buy them ".in season"
when they are abundant and cheap. Can
them for winter use, using those glass
jars and jelly glasses you have around the
house. You'll save money and you'll save
food and tin (a vital war metal) and you'll
help speed America's victory.
Regarding sugar, remember that
canned fruits call for much less sugar
than do preserves. The OPA suggests
that you can fruit without sweetening
and add sweetening just before serving.
? Tested recipes for canning and pre
serving with sugar substitutes are avail
able?without charge?from our Home
You will fully appreciate the many ad
vantages of an automatic Electric Range
when you can. It's not only cool, but it is
fast, clean, safe end economical?just
like electric light.
AND POWER COMPANY