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WILUAMSTON. NORTH CAROLINA.
W. C. MANNING
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Address all communications to The Enterprise
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Tuesday, August 11, 1942.
Notwithstanding and regardless of Congress
man May's predictions .however sincere they
may be, preliminary plans mapped by our war
leaders for a victory over Germany and a quick
knockout of Japan have been changed by startl
ing and frightening events if not by master
We have a second front just a few miles off
our shore, and the score is terrible. There's talk
about a second front on the continent, but it is
now apparent that something will have to be
done about the war on the ocean front right
here at home. Russia, while not whipped by
any means, can hardly be expected now to fig
ure in a squeeze against Germany, certainly to
not as great an extent as many had hoped for.
The situation in India is far darker than many
of us realize. Japan is about ready to pounce
on Siberia and stab Russia in the back. The Al
lies still hold the extreme ends of the Mediter
ranean under their control, but the Germans
hold a big spot in Africa despite the Libyans,
Egyptians and the Britons. China is fighting
harder than ever, but what will be the verdict
if and when she loses her second wind which is
rapidly being exhausted? The situation on the
home front is not at all encouraging. Days and
weeks are spent weighing the fate of admitted
saboteurs. Loose talk is about to plow under the
facts, and war or no war we are still riding tow
ard our doom in high gear, caring little about
anything; but we are inflated with enough hot
air to bellyache about the least little thing that
would divert us the least bit from our selfish
When all these facts are weighed, there's lit
tle wonder that the preliminary plans were
changed. When the facts are carefully consid
ered, all thought about victory this year or even
next and possibly the next will fade away as
Our leaders say the people are not ready for
war even though it is now recognized as a war
of survival. The military has changed its plans,
and before the shameful retreat on the many
fronts is checked the civilians will have to
change their plans and change them drastical
ly. We look upon the rapidly depleted grocer's
shelves as a conversation topic now. But what
if those shelves are not replenished? It's some
thing to think about and enough for us to sit
up and take notice and alter our plans if they
have not already been altered.
Reviewt The Neu Deal
Writing recently, Henry Steel Commager,
professor of history at New York's Columbia
University, interestingly reviews the New
Deal. He says:
The prolonged crisis of 1929-33 called for
drastic action, and the man who assumed the
Presidency in March 1933 did not hesitate to
In a series of sweeping proposals, President
Roosevelt dealt first with the problem of re
lief, then with the larger problem of recovery,
and finally with the problem of permanent re
form. These are the three essential elements of
th Rooseveltian program, and all of them were
carried through to success.
The details of the New Deal are sufficiently
familiar that we need not recount them here.
Elaborate programs of work relief gave tem
porary support to the unemployed, while more
permanent arrangements such as the Civilian
Conservation Corps and National Recovery Ad
ministration were being formulated.
The farm problem was temporarily solved
by the establishment of national control over
farm surpluses and the granting of subsidies to
farmers who had long labored under discrimi
nations in the economic system.
National Recovery Administration attempted
to revive flagging industry and to protect lab
orers against sweatshop conditions.
Tennessee Valley Authority inaugurated a
far-flung program of water power development.
New securities legislation regulated stock mar
ket practices. National control over gold pre
vented a dangerous deflation.
Soon other measures were added to these?
Government aid to banks, Government support
to debtors likely to loae their homes, Oovern
cooperation in alum clearance, the estab
of a social-security propam to guard
or old age, far-reaching
schemes of conservation and rehabilitation of
natural resources, ind additional legislation fix
ing maximum hours and minimum wages and
outlawing child labor.
The liberalism underlying these reforms and
the vast extension of national authority over the
economy of the Nation excited alarm and dis
tress in the minds of conservatives. It was com
mon to speak of the "Roosevelt revolution" and
there were many who predicted the end of con
stitutional government in the United States.
Yet perhaps the most impressive thing about
the New Deal was its evolutionary rather than
its revolutionary character. There was very
little here that had not been anticipated in prev
ious years. All that the New Deal did was to
speed up the processes of reform long under
Thus the conservation program went back to
Theodore Roosevelt; the extension of Federal
control over agriculture to the Wilson adminis
tration; the labor legislation to the Theodore
Roosevelt and the Wilson administrations. The
water-power program had been advocated for
over a deeado; the social aeeurity program had
been tried out in many states for a number of
The fact is, of course, that the normal course
of reform legislation had been interrupted by
the reaction of the Harding-Coolidge-Hoover
era. The Nation had to make up for lost time,
and that process of making up took many peo
ple by surprise and came to seem feverish and
If we look, however, to the governmental ex
periments abroad?in England, Germany, the
Scandinavian countries, Australia; or if we
look to the experiments undertaken in many
of our more progressive states such as Wiscon
sin, Kansas and Oregon, we can readily see that
the New Deal merely brought the national gov
ernment in line with governments elsewhere.
It is nearly a decade now, since the New Deal
was inaugurated. What is the historical verdict
that must be pronounced on it? The popular
verdict is, of course, already in: It has been en
dorsed by substantial majorities at every Pres
idential and congressional election since it was
The historical verdict too must be one oTap
proval. It can be seen, now, that without these
far-reachin greforms the Nation might have
sunk down into inertia and despair, or might
have turned to the alternative of revolution. In
this light the New Deal was a highly conserva
tive movement?a movement that made for the
preservation of the capitalistic system which
was seriously threatened by the depression and
by the spectacle of governmental impotence.
It can be seen, too, that the New Deal reforms
have not in any way injured either our consti
tutional system or our democracy; that govern
ment of law is stronger today than ever before,
and that democracy is more vital and more real
today than at any time for a century.
It can be seen, finally, that these New Deal
reforms made possible that economic rehabili
tation and that social and spiritual revival so
necessary if the country was to face success
fully the crisis of another world war. Under the
driving leadership of Roosevelt the Nation had
set its house in order?and just in the nick of
time. When the crisis came?first in 1939 and fi
nally in December 1941?the Nation was uni
fied, prosperous, strong, and self-confident. That
was a very great achievement.
While Russia Fights ?
Christian Sclanca Monitor.
Mr. Churchill, Mr. Roosevelt and the mili
tary leaders charged with organizing a United
Nations offensive might well ask those who
chant "second front" to think more and talk
less. Those of us who wish for a second front
need to come more closely to grips with the
question. How ready are we to accept the bat
tle we are urging upon others? Are we even
steeled to do what is required on the home
The appeals now coming from the Russians
should get more attention. For those appeals
come from men and women who are giving their
utmost on their own front. For fourteen months
they have stood up to the full weight of the
Nazi war machine. But they know, too, how
close they are to the point where their power
to regain the offensive will be destroyed. They
know how much any diversion may be worth.
The British too can estimate the value of split
ting the Nazis' attentions. They have some idea
of how much the opening of the front in Russia
saved them. But greater appreciation of the
Russian Front might fire the people of Ameri
ca and Britain to increased efforts which will
speed the day when their responsible leaders
can give the word for the second front.
While Russia fights her allies have the oppor
tunity to forge their battle force.
While Russia fights Hitler's bombers are busy
in the East, can give only slight attention to the
base that is Britain.
While Russia fights the bulk of 9,000,000 Nazi
troops are engaged 2,000 miles from the second
While Russia fights it is still possible to hold
the Middle East with forces which would stand
no chance against the full weight of the Wehr
While Russia fights Japan's strongest land
forces are tied up in Manchuria.
While Russia fights there is still a large-scale
blockade of the Nazis.
While Russia fights the occupied countries
are not utterly crushed and can still keep up
their own type of second front.
While Russia fights Britain and America can
talk about a second front offensive instead of
having to throw every man and resource into
a defensive final front ^
THE CLOWN WHO WOULD PLAY HAMLET
NOTICE TO CREDITORS
In the District Court of the United
States, For the Eastern District of
North Carolina. Washington Divi
In Bankruptcy No. 772
In the matter of: William King Par
ker. Willlamatoii, N. C. Voluntary
Notice is hereby given that Mon
day, September 7, 1942, has been fix
ed by an order of the Court entered
at the first meeting of creditors as
the last day on which to file objec
tions to the discharge of this bank
Such objections are required to be
specified, to be verified, to be in du
plicate, and to be filed with the un
U. S. Referee in Bankruptcy.
Williamston, N. C.
August 3, 1942. a4-2t
North Carolina. Martin County. In
The Superior Court.
Thomaa C. May vs. Lena Mae May.
The defendant above named will
take notice that an action entitled as
above has been commenced in the
Superior Court of Martin County,
North Carolina, to secure an abso
lute divorce based upon two years
separation; and the defendant will
further take notice that she is re
quired to appear before the Clerk
of the Superior Court of Martin
County in Williamston, N. C., with
in thirty days after the completion
of this notice, and answer or demur
to the complaint in said action, or
the plaintiff will apply to the Court
for the relief demanded in the com
This the 14th day of June, 1942.
L. B. WYNNE,
Clerk Superior Court,
Do You Need?
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For Your Valuables
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Guaranty Bank & Trust Co.
NOTICE OF BEKT1CE BY
North Carolina. Martin County. In
The Superior Court Before the
W. B. Everett and wife, Serena Ev
erett; Margaret Everett Swain
and husband. Bn
Warren E. Everett and wife, Esth
ar Everett, va. Joseph H.
and wife, Katherine Everett.
The defendants, Joseph H. Everett
and wife, Katharine Everett, will
take notice that a special proceed
ings entitled as abeve has been com
menead in the Superior Ooart of
Martin County for the purpose of
partitioning the lands belonging to
the late James A. Everett in Martin
County, in which the defendants
own an interest; and the said defend
ants will further take notice that
the yare required to appear before
the Clerk of the
Martin County, in
C., within ten days ? _
pletion of this notice, and IISWl or
demur to the complaint or the pe
tition in th<* bi peoceedhn
the plaintiffs will apply to the <
tor the relief demanded in the
This the 14th day of June, 1M2.
U & WYNNE,
Clerk Superior Court,
jyl4-4t Martin County.
h W 7ftAYI
The WttM*s Nmw Sean Through
The C&rbtian Science Monitor
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CONDENSED STATEMENT OF CONDITION OF
Branch Banking & Trust Co.
WILLIAMSTON, N. C.
At The Clo?e Of Bu*ine?? June 30, 1942.
Cash and Due
from Banks __$12,078,852.50
Obligations of U.S. 16,406,742.81
Fed. Inter. Credit
Bank Debentures 184,951.03
Fed. Land Bank Bonds 279,416.25
Ntiwlli ?it fltnrth
Carolina Bonds 1,222,467.91
Municipal and Other
Marketable Bonds 1,759,798.33 31,932,228.83
Loans and Discounts 3,022,165.74
Accrued Interest and Other Assets 88,285.21
Ranking Houses, Furniture & Fixtures,
Real Estate (Tax val. $298,975 ) 265,396.19
Capital Stock?Common $ 400,000.00
Capital Stock?Preferred 100,000.00
Undivided Profits 481,052.48
Reserves , 307,250.00
Dividend Payable June 1, 1942 __ 8,000.00
Unearned discount and other
"THE SAFE EXECUTOR"
I HOLE SAM, Mr. FARMER, REEBS MOMS!
JUd Yml, Mr. F?nr.Haat to Pit dare Tksat Hogs to Cm Our
mm vv Junes ...... roos Mr VK?y
Tiaxk) WW? Y? Wf.
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