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VOL. XUI. FINAL EDITION. ELIZABETH CITY, NORTH CAROLINA, SATURDAY EVENING, Jl'LY 7. 1923. FOl'R PAGES. NO. 156
ABOUT TO LAUNCH
BOOM FOR McADOO
Supporter* < onfideiit That
Hi* Ha! Will Be in Ring Are
Preparing lo Make Him
President ii^92-l Elections
New York. July 7.?Detailed plans
for launching the "William Glbbs
Mc.vdoo for President" boom have
b*>en worked out by half a dozen of
Mflll intimate filends hrpi', tlm
New York Evening Poet said today.
Although McAdoo has not formal
ly announced his candidacy his sup
porters were declared to be confident
that his hat would be In the ring.
Empire Air Routes
It It Now Expected That
Air Ministry Will Push
London. July 7.?The latest plan
for commercial aviation In England
Is the establishment of a British Im
perial Airship service which will
connect England with all the British
possessions by regular air routes.
The first part of the scheme, which
was originated by Commander C. D.
Burney, R. A. F., provides for the
establishment of a service of super- |
'Zeppeline to Australia. This has j
been placed before the Air Ministry, i
and there is every prospect of its i
adoption. The Burney scheme would ;
Immediately make England the fore
most country In commercial aviation,
and add considerably to the strength
of the air forces.
The fact that England has not al
ready a gigantic fleet of commercial
planes Is not due to laclr of enthn
i siasm on the part of the commercial
I aviation companies. The English
companies now operating air lines to
Paris and Holland, with the aid of
subsidies from the government, are
making a success of their projects.
The government has previously
been reticent in accepting those plans
because of the huge sums Involved
, ?nd the small chance of such lines
?ever paving, but It Is now expected
lhat the Air Ministry will push the
?"|*!stablishment-of new air routes.
V* Briefly the scheme provides for
the establishment at once of a super
Zeppelin service between London,
India and Australia. The Zeppelins
will carry 200 passengers, goods and
mail, and make the trip to India in
three and a half days and to Austral
ia in a week. Such airships will have
? speed of 80 miles an hour and will
be capable of >a non-stop flight of
12,000 miles, aboiit half way around*
the earth. This wonld cut the
traveling time between these places
to less than?one-fourth the present
If the scheme is approved the ser
vice will start'In about 11 months
with a bi-weekly service of passen
ger ships from Ix>ndon to Bombay
and a little time later, to Peru. Aus
tralia. The ships will be the first to
use a non-inflammable mixture of
kerosene and hydrogen, which has
Just A?een perfected by experiments
under the direction of the Air Min
The second stages of the Empire
?ervice will be the establishinent of
a route to Canada, which will be fol
lowed by services to South Africa.
Hong-Kon^ and Singapore.
(By At AMMUUd Pr?H )
Paris. June 7.?Belgium has
? made what Is characterised as a
"veiled threat" to withdraw her min
ister towni Berlin, unless Oermany
publicly disavows the Dulsburg
bombing and other violence in the
Ruhr. ? t ,
Delivery in Berlin by tMe Belgian
minister of such a threat was con
firmed today In French official quar
ters. but so far as Is known the
French ambassador has not yet
joined In the representations.
WINNER IN TENNIS
<nr ammih Prm)
Wimbledon. July 7. ? William
Johnston of San Francisco today de
bated Francis Hunter of New Ro
chelle, New York, for the world's
cra?-< courts tennis championship
.? *i-0. $-3, ?-l.
BOARD program is
APPROVED BY DENBY
Wnnhlnnton. July 1.?The fulled
Htatea will maintain at lull efficien
cy during the neit (laeal year "a min
imum Naval force at aea," of 18 (Irat
line hattleahlpa. 14 rnJlaera, and *4
submarine, under a deelalon by the
General Board formally approved to
day by Secretary I>enby.
Ml** Sahrn Adeline Twlford of
EM I-alie and Mr. Clarence Twlford
of Maahoea were married here Sat
urday by JiMlcr of the Peace T. B.
)H? ??? A>?ocutil I'ml
Hqdk Konfe. July 7.?Bau
dlts today held up a train on
the Canton-Kowloon railway,
15 miles from Canton, killed a
Chinese military officer, and
carried off 90 up|My class
Chinese who are being held for
ransom. Rooty valued at $50,
000 was also taken.
Negro Is Drowned
~ In Friday's Storm
Went Overboard While Work
ing on The Deck of The
George A. Gatkiiu
A negro, whose name ia not
known, was drowned Friday after
noon about 4:30 near Newbegun
Creek, while working on the deck
of the Geo. A. Qasklns.
Captain John Simpson says he
does not know how the negro was
drowned but it ia thought that he
was knocked overboard by the main
boom during the storm of Thursday.
Captain Simpson aald he didn't know
the name of the negro but he looked
to be about 19 years old. Search
waa being made for the body Satur
day afternoon at 3 o'clock.
IS TYRRELL JAIL
A SUMMER RESORT?)
That a man may board In the!
Southern Hotel of Elisabeth City at
a coat as low as a prisoner may;
lodge in the county jail at Columbia.;
N. C., appeared on the face of a bill.
for $9.60 from Tyrrell County pre-j
sented In recorder's court Saturday (
morning for the three-day incarcera
tion of one John McCleese, Tyrrell
County hegro wanted here on an as
sault chtarge. and also on a charge of
carrying concealed weapons. Sixty
cents of the foregoing "amount was
| for turnkey's fee. $6 was for meals,
iand $2 was for lodging. Court offi
fcers when the bill was read won
jdered If prisoners in Tyrrell are giv
ien board and lodging at Columbia's
I leading hotel.
, John was wanted on a charge of
I assault last June on John Boston and
'Gene Newbold. well known negroes
'of Elizabeth City: but before the
.rase had been concluded the war
j rant had been amended to Include
| Boston and Newbold who each were
I given a fine of $10 and costs for an
I assault on McCleese. while McCleese
I in this case was let off with the costs.
On the charge of earning a con
(cealed weapon. McCIeese's fine was
| $20 and coats, as the <*>urt was dis
posed to fnd him not guilty in the
(assault case, enterinr a technical
j verdict of guilty so that the County
prosecutor might not go feeless for
conducting the case. So far as Mo
Clees was concerned, the verdict was
In efTect the same as If he had been
found not guilty in the assault rase
and fined $50 and costs for carrying
McCleese's story, which the court
was disposed to believe, was that he
was set upon by the other two ne
groes when they were under the In
fluence of liquor and that he shot
down at their feet only to protert
j himself jmd to escape. Newbold was
.shot through the right foot and Bos
iton was shot In the left leg'above the
ankle and above the knee. Aecord
Ing to Boston and Newbold, MrCleese
fired from a safe distance when he
and Boston had given the Tyrrell ne
jgro no provocation other than to ad
.dress a civil question to a woman on
!the street whom McCleese seemed to
Mike Manapollsa, a Greek re
cently arriving In the city was held
ifor housebreaking on $1,000 bond as
'a result of charges growing out of
Ithe burglarizing of the Walter Rld
dlck home near the city on Rum
Loot found In the defendant's pos
session or In his room at the Y. M.
C. A. Included two watches. $5.00 In
dimes, a pair of shoes, and a pistol.
Tyner Plays Here
Strong Team From Country
Will Make It Interesting
Game For Fans
Tyner will play Elisabeth City on
Ithe local diamond here Monday af
't. rnoon. according to Tom Nelson.
! president of the Elisabeth City base
The strong Tyner team has shown
Itself a good match for any team In
thla section. having defeated bofh
Elisabeth City and Edenton. The Ty
ner aggregation gave a good exhibi
tion of ball at Tyner last Tuesday
I when they were defeated by Ellsa
jbeth City 1 to 0.
1. A. Abbott, new second baseman
for Elisabeth City, has been made
captain of the local team. Ohalkey
baring reigned. *
coMn.Ki ix<; views
Mexico City, July 7.?The views of
the Mexican and Amerfcan govern
ments are nearlng completion for
presentation In the settlement of
disputes between the two countries.
REFUGEES FLEE FROM CASTIGLIONE AS LAVA FLOODS VILLAGE
Crowd of refngees gathered at Castigllone station making ready to flee before tha streams of
lava which lasa than twenty-four hoars later flood ed tha Tillage.
Of Social Service
Sex Training and Child Labor
.Topics of Chief Concern in
Meeting of MethodUts
Lake Junaluska, N. C.. July 7.?
Topics which have occupied the at
tention of the leaders of the Social
Service Conference of the Methodist
Episcopal Church. South, which is in
session here, jfeare centered for the
last three?daya?on the thougbls
brought out In addresses by Charles
F. Gibbons, research worker of the
National Child Labor Committee and
Dr. T. W. Galloway, director of edu
cational measures of the American
Social Hygiene Association Round
.table discussions on the "Role of the
church in MX training" and "Rural
child labor" have also been on the
Contending.that the church cannot
afford to stand aside while the prob
lem of sex training is being met. I)r.
Galloway presented various aspects
of the question of sex instruction.
Mr. Gibbons in discussing' phases
lof rural child labor held the close at
tention of his audience. He traced
I the progress of the child labor move
ment from Its beginning 25 years
'ago, asserting that It had outgrown
! the "primary idea of sympathy for
jchildren working In industrial enter
prises and had come to be recognized
as a part of the childhood movement
in which the rights of childhood and
| duties of parenthood aer given con
sideration. An intelligent effort !b
being made, he said, to understand
i and search to the bottom of what
!childhood means. The old factors of
[economics and sympathy are of sec
| The minimum rights of every
; child, as outlined by Mr. Gibbons, are
the right to health, to mental devel
opment. commonly referred to as ed
ucation, to recreation, to play and be
happy, and to a moral and wholesome
moral and spiritual life. Whatever
work Interferes with or dwarfs any
of these rights is child labor.
"Until recently," said Mr. Gibbons
"all agitation for child labor reform
was almost wholly associated with
I Industry. This failure to recognize
I the evils of child labor in the open
country has been In part due to a
misunderstanding or lack of under
standing of country life; another fac
tor has to do with the vacation idea.
Many people who take their vacation
In the country for a brief week
ithink only of the fresh air, sunshine
and the country life with a halo
around It. They do not see the other
side of the picture."
! Causes of child labor In the coun
try as seen by Mr. Gibbons, are de
termined largely by the type of farrn
jing and land tenure. One crop farm
ling. he asserted, is the greatest con
tributor to child labor; the single
crops of cotton, tobacco, sugar beets,
beans and other veegtables and
i fruits bringing about what has been
termed Industrialized agriculture In
which the labor of children plays an
Important part. The labor Income of
the majority of croppers and renters.
Mr. Gibbons said, was so low that
parents are forced to let the children
make tfee living. In a study of crop
per families In North Carolina the
average yearly Income was found to
be as low as $225. he said.
GREEKS AND TTTRKS
ARE FIGHTING AGAIN
Sofia, July 7.?A report from
Constantinople says that the Greeks
and Turks are fighting again.
(II* Th* Pff'll .
Paris, July 7. -Open debate In the
French Chamber of Deputies on the
ratification of the Washington naval
treaties was begun this afternoon
with a discussion of those parts of
the treaties dealfng with llmltatldn
of naval armament and capital "Bttppn
('hloroformed and ?
? Robbed in Palace
<?* Th? AMMiaird Prm.)
Rome. July 7.?Prince Car
lo Clustlnanl Bandlnl and
wife. Princess Maria, were
chloroformed during the night
by two servants in their palace
Who stole Jewels and money
valued at two million lire. The
servitors escaped with tly>
PLEADS COMMON SENSE
IN SAFETY EDUCATION
New Haven. July 7.?Safety In
struction In the public school* which
teaches children to avoid accident*
In street traffic Is as necessary a pari
of education as three "R'S" In this
day of complex .jclvllEation. Dr. E.
George Payne, professor of educa
tion at New York University, told
j the convention of School superlnlen
, dents and Principals of Connecticut
in session at Yalo University today.
Flighty thousand men, women and
children met death by accident in the
United States during the last year,
the speaker said. OP this number
I 49,000. a life eVery ten minute?,
; might have been saved by the gener
al application of safety instruction in
schools. "The reason for this need
? less sacrifice is that the develop
ment of modern civilisation has been
so rapid our intelligence has not kept
up with it.
| "Installation of safety instruction
would require but Inconsequenta 1
changes In present public school cud
;rJculums," I>r. Payne declared. "The
method simply assumes that the
teacher utilize accident situations to
give purpose to the school work. In
i writing exercises/-Instead of writing
?the familar 'Now Is the time for all
good men to come to the aid of the
party* we can write 'In croswing the
streets look first to the left and then
to the right.*
"Instead of drawing sunsets and
shady forests, something within the
.experience of the child should be
chosen, such as the right way and
the wrong way of getting on and off
street cars, and the right way of
WILSON CLUB GETS
NEW HAVEN PITCHER
New Haven. Conn., July 7.?C.v
1 Fried, pitcher, today was sold out
right to the Wilson Club of Virginia
League by the Now Haven Club of
the Eastern League.
Air Filled With (icrmun Itadlo
Nauen, Germany, July 7.?German
wireless telegraphy flashed 51,139
words abroad In one day recently,
surpassing all previous records.
Thirty-five thousand words went
to the United 8tates alone, while
most of the remainder was sent to
Spain, Italy Russia and Egypt. The
bulk of the traffic was handled here
and at the Ellwesen station.
England and Russia
Linked By Air Line
Koenlgsberg, Germany, July 7.?
Passengers may now fly from Lon
don to Moscow in nineteen and one
half hours of actual flying time.
The air trip from London to Berlin
jtake^ eight hours. It requires four
and one-half hours between Berlin
and Koenlgsberg, and the trip Is
mart* from here to Moscow In seven
Passengers leave London, Wed
nesday .morning, take a night train
from Berlin to Koenlgsberg. and con
nect with the airship leaving here
every Thursday mortilng for Russia.
The service Is dally between Ixmdon
and Berlin, trl weekly "between H r
lifl and Koenlgsberg, and trl-weekiy
I bet ween Koenlgsberg and Moscow.
About To Drift Into
Another World War
^tjn Frederick J. Libby, Ad
| dressing Christian Endeav
or Convention Today
| I't-s Moines. July 7?St't'ds of hat*1
j being sown throughout the world are
'causing it to drift into another world
iwar, according to Frederick J. Llb
| by, of Washington, executive secre
jtary of the National Council for the
Prevention of War/ in addressing the
I International Christian Endeavor
convention here today;
j "The world drift* toward a war of
| gas ant! -nirplanes nml neither the
Government nor the cliurchea nor or
ganized women have taken one effec
tive step to prevent it." said Mr. I.lb
I by. "The seedk of hate are the seeds
I of war and they are being sown
again in the French aeliure of the
jRuhr. No fondness that we may
[fee1 for France can blind our eyea
|to Hip awful consequence** of the pol
icy she Is pursuing. Many of you
pre?*>nt at this convention jyill be
drafted to be killed If the present
j drift toward war rannot speedily be
.stopped and law be- established In
the place of war' as the accepted
I method of settling- international dlf
i "And it will be a war of gas and
'airplanes. Recently In Dayton, the
home of the Wright brothers, a
young mar* asked me if I knew about'
th?-lr little 'Rug.' I nald 'No.* and
he went on to tell me that It Is an
airplane which they have, Sent from
Dayton to Xenla. turned around
there and brought back safely to
Dayton with no one In It. guiding It
by wireless. 'And It might havjp
been spraying gas all the way io
iXenia and back?' I asked. He n&d
I ded and Maid 'ves.' Airplanes, pois
on gas and hate make a trio of de
structivcncHB so deadly that no one
I of um can contemplate the present
drift toward war without horror.
"Our military men say: 'Prepare
for war.* I am frank to admit that
they are Justified in their demand If
we are not going to work far more
effectively for peace In the next four
years than we have up to now. It Is!
their task to make the nation ready'
for war when war conies. They know
that if a great war splits Europe, |
whatever politicians may say, Amcr
lar cannot remain aloof. The world
Is too small for us to be unaffected
by anything that affects Europe."
Mr. l?lbby urged the adoption of
the World Court as one *tep toward
the prevention of war and also the
reduction of armaments and educa
tion for peace.
Miss Martha Cofleld and Mr. Dur
ant Forehand. Jr., were quietly mar-!
rled Saturday afternoon at 2 o'clock ,
In the First Raptlst church by the
pastor. Rev. S. H. Tcmpleman, a few
relatives and friends being present.
The bride Is the attractive daugh-(
ter of Mr. and Mrs. Robert N. Cofleld
of Okisko. She has been with the
Arm of W. J. Wood ley A Co. here for
some time and has made many
friends. She wore a travelling suit
of midnight blue with accessories to
The bridegroom Is the son of Mr.
Durant Forehand. Sr., of Camden
County, and Is with the Auto ? Gas
Engine Works of this city.
'\fr. and Mrs. Forehand left on the
afternoon train for a Northern trip,
after whlrffc they will make their
home In Elizabeth City.
COTTON M A It K FT
New York. July 7, ?flpot cotton,
quiet. Middling, 2ft.05. Futures,
^losing bid, July 27.00-05. Oct. 23.73
-7?. Dec 23.24-29, Jan. 23 00-02,
|March 22 trading.
New York, July 7?Spot cotton,
opened today at the following levels:
July 2* ?5. Oct 23 80, Dec. 23.21.
Jan. 2? 96. March none.
Dr. and Mrs. H. D Walker and
j children left Saturday to apend some
| time at Nag* Heart
ONLY HALF DOZEN
HOUSES ARE LEFT
(iuldsfirld, Boom Town of
West, Ueduced to Desola
tion by Fire Which Wax E|?
ixode in Bootlegger's Ffud.
i B? The rd Pre**. I f
GoldafMiK' Nevada. July * 7. ?
C.oldfleld. once a synonym for fabu
lous wealth, quick fortune*. Karabl
inn. and all the raw hurry and buBtle
Qf a. Wentern boom town. Is today
but another name for desolation.
A windy blast yesterday fanned
the Are. which officials said had been
set as an episode In the bootlegger's
feud, and swept the flames from end
to end of the community with the
result that one man Is dead, a wo
man la reported mlsatng. and damage
estimate at possibly a million and a
half dollars was done.
Water piped SO miles from a
spring and dynamite were uaed
agalnat the flames, but the water sup
ply was inadequate and the explosive
made fresh kindling out of the flimsy
structures on which It was uaed. and
the leaping wind carried the blase
and sparks ahead.
Of all the streets of houses only
half a doxen buildings are left.
For Balloon Crew
Indianapolis. July 7.?Fear that
the balloon, reported partially sub
merged and apparently unmanned
near Tort Stanley was that In which
I.ieutenantH Roth and Null. Naval
airmen, left here in the national
elimination race was expressed by
officials of the contest here today.
| Port Stanley. Ontario, July 7.?
A balloon "with Us baSKet pfertly sub
merged was sighted n?iar hen lsst
night by the' steamer- Colonial, the
captain of the steamer reported on
arrival here today.
Only the hag was visible and there
ttas no trace of the balloon's occu
Last Queen's Estate
To Honolulu Museum
Priceless Belies of Last Reign
ing Hawaian Monarch
Honolulu", July 7.?The Bishop
.Milhoiiin hern will be the solo bene
ficiary of the remaining estate of the
late Queen. IJIiuokalanl, consisting
now In the main of priceless^ relics,
crown Jewels, crests, silverware, dec
orations. and insignia of royalty, ac
cording to the trustees.
Queen IJIiuokalanl. last of tho
reigning nionarchs of Hawaii. dl??d
In 1917. Four suits have been filed
to break her will, the last having
been withdrawn within the past
month. .Most of the persons to
whom she made bequests, Including
John Almoku Dmninis and Joseph
Aea. her wards, and Prince Jonah
Kuhlo. Kalanlanaole. have died, and
the articles bequeathed to them will
be turned over to tho Hlshop Muse
um. It will he six months before
the estate can be distributed, accord
ing to the executor. Colonel C. P.
laukea, who was chamberlain to the
The estate wan valued at approxi
mately $50,000 at her death, but
many of her possessions, Including
Washington Place, her residence,
have been sold and the proceeds
placed In the IJIiuokalanl Trust.
The Income from this trust goes to
ward the support of schools and hos
pitals. Washington Place Is now tho
official residence of tho governor of
To Destroy Snakes
With Poison Gases
flan Antonio, Texas, July 7.~Pol??
onous gases will be used In the de
struction of Texas rattlesnakes, ac
cording to present plans of the prde
atory animal bureau of tlM V. 8. De
partment of Agriculture, assisted by
the chemical wsrfare service of the
Fighth Army Corps Area. Major
George M. Ilalloran, chemical war
fare officer of the corps, will begin
experiments soon to determine which
gss Is the most effective In kllllng(
Phosgene generally is considered
by the bureau to ibe among tho most
fstal to animals with respiratory
systems and will be tried first. Other
gases which may be used In the ex
periments iN chlorine. which as
phyxiates, InV mustard gas, which
sears or burnt. The preliminary
tests will be conducted at Fort Sam
Houston, under the plans.
"It Is planned to ascertain through
the summer which gas Is most dead
ly to the rattlesnake, and when cold
weather comes and the reptiles have
gone to dens and hibernating places,
to experiment on them en masse,"
said an annoucement.