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The Dove and the Stork.
By lid ward A. Rosa.
IflE friends of arbitration err in assuming that wars arise only Tram
iprido axid hate and greed. The fact is, something more than
the- leashing of these evil passions is necessary to ensure the
world's peace. Those who -would lock the European nations in
some federal framework that would consecrate for all time the
existing frontiers overlook the extraordinary process which, all
rrnnrMiivr,!. is sowinsr the dragon's teeth for future strife.
Everv one knows that the progress of civilization lowers both the birth
rate and the death-rate. Fecundity is checked by popular education, the eman-
cination of women, the triumph of democracy. Mortality is lowered -d to
Sw!of the healing art, higher medical education, better water and drainage
for "cities The former factors, however, come in slowly, while the latter may
be introduced at a stroke. Multiply hospitals, universities and laboratories, fill
the country with good doctors, modernize your water and sewage systems,
organize vour sanitarv administration and the mortality rate will drop at once.
The birth-rate, on the other hand, declines only with extensive changes in the
standards and aspirations of the masses.
uN'ow the latest censuses reveal to the startled eye of the socio.ogist that
the "equilibrium of the European peoples is being disturbed as never before
toy the simple fact that s; ier.ee. sweeping eastward through the leufons 10
the Slavs is civilizing the death-rate far more rapidly than democracy, nuning
slowly in 'the same direct ion, cnnciviM'e the birth-rate. During the 1a?t decade
of the centurv the birth-rate in Austria fell a fortieth, the death-rate a thir
teenth In Hungary the shrinkage was a twentieth and an eighth. Since bf--dan
the Germans have moderated -their fecundity, a tithe while lowering their
mortality a quarter. Russia retaining the barbarous birth-rate of iortj-nme
has got its mortality down 'to thirty-four. , .
Tin result, of this luicqurri spread of civilizing influences is tnnt tne
population of Central and Eastern Europe is growing with appalling rapidity
While France is stationary, German increases five-sixths of a million a cu
and Russia a million and a third. Never has th-e been so rapid a shnting
of the centre of gravity of numbers and of fighting power
... -i . 1 1
The same is 'true of sociology, 'me people umi
TAtn.ni-wnf ,iiom tViof ot-Vinn v-'Vm-' fnrni9 ri naeent to a iie- u
ir TAJ lliif t M . ,11 v.l L1I.11. t 11 11 111 ..... ......... - ...
.nnot ioc.t w(nnt Uc nnmf -fiv TirHnr on t the chea.n goods, the cheap
' labor, and even the cheep capital of a neighboring people that overbreeds.
Then on the one side of the barrier the struggle for existence Becomes more
intense than on toother. Sooner or later a current sets in toward the centre
of depression, which is vul early known as an invasion. Against such a move
ment the decree of a .Hague Court will be as futile as Canute's command to
Bv 'the time flip are two German soldiers for every French soldier and
two Russians in uniform for everv Gorman, it will be realized that not pride
or greed or love of ftghtine embroils the peoples, but hunger. The last foe of
the dove of peace Is not the peacock, the vulture, or the eagle, but the
nemignan't stork. Woman's Home Companion.
THE TERRIBLE EARTHQUAKE AT CH1LAPA, MEXICO.
RUIN'S OF THE TEMPLE OF SAN FRANCISCO AFTER JTE SEIS
MIC SHOCK WHICH WRECKED THE TOWN OF 1200 INHAB
ITANTS AND IT WAS FEARED, KILLED 300 PERSONS.
James Carson, Mexico, in Leslie's.
Rv William Tyler Bliss.
l"ERY spring, on the great day when the procession starts, tne
housetops along the streets are crowded with a gayly clotnea
throng, showering blessings on the pilgrims, wailing loudly, per
haps, for those who will never return, laughing one minute and
crying the next, after the ephemeral manner of the East all in
all a curious sight for the Occidental. A thousand pities that it
should nass! For even if Ahmed Bey tells the truth, and the
road is never completed to Mecca,, yet the picturesque start of the pilgrimage
must soon become a thing of the past. A puffing railway train is less decora
tive than a rug-laden camel, and the stuffy smoking compartment, of a third
class carriage does not lend itself especially to romance. The Mecca "limit
ed" and the (Medina "accommodation" will have to answer for many sins; and
yet, after all, they will not be able entirely to destroy the delicious local color
of the East. Railroad travelling there becomes quickly naturalized. The land
of Bookra (tomorrow) .remains the land of Bookra still, even with the advent of
steel rails. The guards admonish the passengers with a gentle "Shwei.
Shwei!" (Slowly ! Slowly) instead of a raucous "Step lively!" The stories
of small American railroads in New England which stop for the passengers to
pick berries are true in the East. The speediest express slows up for any
irvtrt.inr -hflnrienlnff alone- Its route One of the most enjoyable rough-and-
tumble fights I ever saw was on a threshing-floor somewhere in the Anti- (
Lebanon, and the Damascus express halted to let us see tne excinng ihumi ui
it At first, if you are newly arrived in the land, you will swear, but after you
have been vhere a few months, by Bookra. you will bribe anybody to put off
anything, and iftc beauty of it is you won't have to do much bribing. -Harper's
Gas Burner Attachment.
For some unaccountable reason,
persons desiring to commit suicide by
asphyxiation invariably select a hotel
for the purpose. By a recent inven
tion of an Oregon man it becomes
possible for the night clerk to in
stantly tell if the gas in any unoccu
pied room has been lighted, or if the
gas is escaping from any jet not
lighted. The device also acts as a
prevention of accidents resulting from
Lhe accidental escaping of gas due to
i failure to light the same, or due to
the gas having been blown out after
being lighted. The apparatus is
mown in the illustration, and con
iists of an ordinary burner and sup
ily pipe. Attached to the latter, di
ectly over the burner, is a smoke
oell, connected to an electric circuit.
The stop cock regulating the flow of
gas is at the end of the smoke bell.
By Mrs. A.M. Glenn.
ttr eiirpFt. way to retain vour husbanrrs Tore to make a aappj
TjP B beme. Pull up your shades and lot God's sunshine into your
j J homes and into your hearts. If you are not your husbands
equal, study and improve your mma uu you cuu wma
him on any subject, and he will respect you far more than if you
spent your whole life toiling and drudging in the kitchen until
there isn't cheerfulness enough about you to even smile at his
coming. I know it is said the surest way to reach a man s affections is oy
the way of his stomach, but I believe that plain living and high thinking are
tetter than high living and low thinking.
There is a why for every wherefore, and the why for famiiy jars consists
in not knowing how to manage. Now, we have got the best husband in the
world, and I'll wager ten to one that if any other woman undertook to uiaw
the matrimonial reins they wouldn't drive forty rods before he would kicl;
over traces, smash up the whiffletree and raise Ned in general. They don't
understand the science of management. You must lead, not drive. The only
way is to look humble and be desperately cunning, bait them with submission,
then throw the noose over their will, walk around the br.mp of antagonism and
ipat their bump of self-conceit. It's a great, mistake to contend with the "lords
of creation;" what can't, be had by force must be won by stratagem. Make
silkon rein 'of love and lead them where you will, but under no consideration
must you attempt to drive or they will at once canter off to the farthest limit
of the matrimonial pasture.
Then let us have homes in which these shall be no searching blasts of paa
6ion, no polar storms of coldness and hate; homes refined by books and glad
dened by song; homes in which wife and mother shall not lose all her attract
in.g charms by unremitting toil and drudgery, nor the husband and fathei
starve his brain and dwarf his soul by hours oT overwork; homes in whict
happy children shall ever see the beauty of love and holiness; hornet of culturf
and homes of love.
A Harvard Shrine.
Pk&O '0& IXN:
The John Harvard House at Stratford,
England, With Carved Beams.
From The House Beautiful.
Htatitic unci iStupiciitie tSlioul cl I3e Avoitlerl Ity
By W.O. PaisonH.
T.W lecturers, alas, know anything about lecturing. It Is not lectur
ing to read off bibliographies. K evory lecturer would Hn-r con-
9 TT fi
.s soou as the stop cock is turned on
die electric circuit is closed and a bell
31- indicator located at any desired
point is operated to call attention to
the fact that the gas has been turned
on. When the gas is lighted, the
heat causes a break in the circuit and
the bell stops. If the gas should be
accidentally or intentionally extin
guished by other means than the
closing of the stop cock, the absence
of heat closes the circuit and causes
the bell to ring. Washington Star.
The Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposi
tion, June 1 to October 15, 1909, will
have an interesting educational ex
hibit. Two up to date (city and
country) school buildings will be
Taking up the old question of the
effects of nerve stimulants upon the
capacity for work, Armand Gautier
has shown that when kola is given to
a horse fatigue seems to be lessened,
and half a mile or more is added to
the distance the animal can travel per
hour. It was further proven, how
ever, that the horse loses more weight
than the one that has received no
stimulant. This drug, like alcohol,
can whip up the tissues, but the arti
ficially produced energy is at the ex
pense of the living machine. Chris
tian Work and Evangelist.
A Very Useless Life.
There was a man named Socrates
who lived, according to some modern
standards, a very useless life. He
did nothing but think and talk and
walk about the streets and market
places, asking questions that set other
people thinking. Christian Register
Hold the Pigeon Sacred.
Russians do not eat pigeons be
cause of the sanctity conferred on the
dove in the Scriptures.
vir.ee hini::clf and his audience that there was sortie r.3;-on for
his speaking rather than printing, there wovld ie ivcr lectures.
The art of lecturing require art. It requires a thing uarocog
nized by science personality. The college lecuicr comes stoop.
shouldered from his stack of indices and rcv..es the loirs, suis
tics- or he comes square-shouldered from the athiel'i" field, and r- !,ej 1h
latest stupidities. Sureties r,re better in becks. One rr-ay wip tbeiii Itul
the true lecturer, who knows how to lecture, who Las tfoir.etain.g or his owe
to say, so intimate, so earnest, so personal, that to (-f.ivey it ail a book is
insufficiertt, but he must say it with his own lips, Icokir.g in the fo'".s o:' his
students he no longer comes. Or, if he does, he comes iliscicdiied, ui'certair.
of the tenure of his office; and it is only because he is either simple in his
innocence or determined in his wisdom, that he continues to lecture, o be
liove in heart and character, in feeling and taste, in moral uphVt and in
tellectual fire, in a world where the reigning- gods want only facts. But th
.students know the difference. How refreshing to behold the cheerful eanit)
dfh which they avoid the pits that have been digged for tiem, end go theli
willful way! Where a true lecturer ooens his doors, there they (look in. Bu1
0031 the teeth of prescription seize them. They are forced to go here and
Ihere. And thus the bores also win an audience. A fact which accounts foi
thlr majorlVy amon those who insist upon prescription. A most college leei
ares go now, they are nothing: but oral books. The men have vanished oul
of them. The typical college of today consists of a shrewd finanrter, librariei
et4 &ir Irbrra.rla.na, and laboratories and their la.bora.torian. Like the res'
f ttoe ge, they are made up of money and matter. Machlne-tn&d, we haTi
-won far toward ma. kin education also a machine. Vr the Atlantic
A CHARMING CHILD'S POIITRAIT. Bf Able Faivre.
Recently Exhibited in Parle. , .
-From tho House BeautlfuL
New York City. Military effects
nro greatly in vogue just now, and
this blouse 4s one of the favorites of
the season. In the illustration it is
made of striped material and its
smartness is somewhat enhanced by
the fact that it could be utilized for
plain fabrics cut on the straight if
the bias effect is not liked. It is the
straps and buttons that really give
the military suggestion, and these re
main however the material itself may
be cut. The model Is closed invisibly
Bans to Return.
Bangs are coming back to fashion,
but that does not mean that young
women need cut their front hair short
and do it up in crimps at night,
neither smear it with the stick quince
seed and dandelion lotions of ancient
bang days. The new bang is a soft,
fluffy row of what are called pincurls
resting on the forehead, just below
the pompadour; and they are called
pincurls presumably because a good
many of them are attached to a hair
pin arrangement and tucked in after
the pompadour is finished. That is to
say, they have no more connection
with the wearer's head than they
have with the braids and puffs and
curs that decorate the top of it. This
little row of curly bang across the
forehead is to be considered more and
more au fait as the days go by.
Skirt With Spanish Flounce.
Every design that suits bordered
material or flouncing is in demand
just now, when there are so many
beautiful fabrics of the sort offered.
Here is a skirt that is made with a
Spanish flounce and which is eminent
ly graceful and becoming, while it is
simple in the extreme. In the illus
tration it is made of bordered batiste.
Bows of ribbon and folds of silk are
greatly in vogue for the purpose, and
lace and bandings are much used
after the same manner, while folds of
one material on another are J"
beneath the strap at the back, but
those women who find that waists
that close at the front are a boon can
easily make it that way by simply
closing the back seam and finishing
the front edges under the strap.
The waist is made with fronts, side
fronts, backs and side-backs, the vari
ous joinings allowing of the chevron
effect, which is so well liked just now.
The fronts are joined to the yoke
portions and the side-fronts are
tucked. The straps conceal all the
seams and the straight military collar
finishes the neck. The sleeves are
made in sections and the seams join
ing them are to be found beneath the
straps, while straps also trim the
The quantity of material required
for the medium size is five and one
half yards twenty-one or twenty-four,
three and one-half yards thirty-two,
or two and three-fourth yards forty
four inches wide, to cut from striped
material as illustrated; four yards
twenty-one or twenty-four, three
yards thirty-two, or two yards forty
four inches wide, to cut from plain
material or with stripes on the
Collars and Chains For Mourning.
Jet collars, necklaces, long chains,
bracelets and pins of all descriptions
in a dull finish are worn by womenji
who are in mourning.
The skirt is made with upper por
tion and the flounce. The upper edge
of the flounce is turned under to form
its own heading and is gathered and
joined to the skirt, which in turn ia
gathered at its upper edge and joined
to the belt.
The quantity of material required
for the medium size is seven yards of
bordered material twenty-four inchea
wide, or seven and one-half yards of
-plain material twenty-four inches
wide, five and one-fourth yards thirty-two,
or four and one-fourth yards
forty-four inches wide.
Pongee Parasols. (
Many of the pongee parasols are
embroidered in all-over design, or in
a deep border, the embroidery usually
being in self color, though occasion
ally the Chinese and Japanese designs
and colorings are employed and rich
Oriental blues, greens and yellows are
used upon the natural toned ground.
Some very good pongee models are
quite plain, save .for a wide border of
gay stripes or a border of gay color
embroidered In pongee-toned dots.
Violets Worn on Arms.
No longer does the New York girl
have a huge bunch of violets pinned
to her corsage. Instead she wears
about her glove a band of velvet of
green or purple as a bracelet, and to
this is securely pinned a rather small
bunch . of. violets, flatly grouped.
Sometimes there is a gardenia in the
centre, with just a few violets en
circling it, and then again there ii
just an orchid wlth.snOcient violei
surrounding it to form a border.