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UNCLE SAM: "MY MONEY IS ON MR. BULL EVERY TIME."
'o ' o o o DQ .Q
norrors of Slave urown i
2Sy Joseph Burtt
have traveled for hundreds of miles along t-e ancient
slave route through the Portuguese colony of Angola, and
have seen shackles, skeletons and corpses, and I know that
slavery includes, and must include, every crime. It would
be easy to give stories illustrating them all false witness,
theft, adultery and murder.
These so-called, "contract laborers" are gathered from
various districts of Angola, but some come from the far
distant regions of the Congo. One must travel through
these dreary plains and uplands to realize the sufferings of a slave who walks
a thousand miles or more to the port from which he is shipped to San Thome..
There are bitter, dewy nights, when the cold forces him so close to the log
fire that he burns himself I have seen the pink scars on his brown body
and his ankles are chafed by the heavy wooden shackles that secure him for
the night. There are days, with the merciless sun. overhead, when his sora
feet toil "in immeasurable sand" ill-fed, thirsty, fevered, in his heart a dull
despair that saps his life, and before his imagination the vague terror of the
Ignorant facing the unknown.
1 have before me a photograph, taken by a friend of mine, of a young slave
lying dead. They found him in one of the little grass huts such as the na
tives use in the dry season .when traveling. The large shackle, the staff he
had used to aid his painful steps, the lean, shrunk limbs, from which the prom
inent joints protrude, make a striking picture of what slavery means. This is
only one case.
It is impossible to say what proportion of natives actually reach the plan
tations. A slaver once admitted that he did w'ell If six out of ten lived
through the march from the far interior sometimes only three survived; and
though now slavery is carried on with less open cruelty, it is probable that,
for the 4,752 landed in San Thome and Principe in the year 1901, as many
more were raided or betrayed or, in other words, for every laborer that
reached the cocoa plantations Ja that year, one other died of despair, sick
ness or violence.
And these are but the things that one can see. The results of the suspense
tinder which the people live It is Impossible to estimate the distress of
losing friends, the separation of -children from parents, the fear of being
caught while working in the fileds. The vague sense of overshadowing evil
numbs them. Districts once well peopled are now almost depopulated.
English, German and other firms of cocoa manufacturers have now ex
pressed their disapproval in the most practical terms, namely, that they will
not buy slave-grown produce. Now let the United States do her share and
demand that the raw cocoa used in her factories shall be grown by free
labor. Leslie's. Weekly.
-- .. -. -
j. fit? jl trfifjtuituii uf $
The State University
By Henry S.
URJNG its fifty years of
V which have affected other universities the prevailing Amer
ican superficiality and the rage for numbers.
In this matter the state institutions have sometimes
found themselves under stronger temptations than even
thp TvHvfliplv nriirva'pr1 prllfrf!- Tho strnnfpst nnnpnl to
6CO the legislator has hitherto been on the score of numbers.
When the members of the legislature has been told that the
state university, or the state school of agriculture and mechanic arts, was
overcrowded by the hundreds of students which thronged its halls, he has not
generally given any thought to the methods by which these students were
brought there; still less has he appreciated that In many cases they were ob
tained by the rankest advertising and by openly robbing the high schools. For
the purpose of impressing the legislature, a student has been a student,
whether he happened to be studying elementary arithmtlc in the sub-freshman
classes or scientific agriculture in the college. The registration lists of stu
dents in some of these colleges of agriculture and mechanic arts remind
one of the inventory of the Kansas farmer, who, in advertisement of an auc
tion sale, announced thirty-two head of stock. When the stock came to be
sold, the thirty-two head were found to embrace two horses, one mule, one
cow, and twenty-eight, hens. No institution which approaches a legislature
with such an argument can reasonably object when the politicians seek to
play the same game with the college. The Atlantic.
White Slave Dealers
By Nora Elalch De Forest
URELY no greater proof is necessary to convince us that tne
opinion and the influence of women are not reflected in the
man-made laws of today than the present law bearing on the
traffickers in white slaves.
A lenient Judge could, if he wished, let off the offender
with the scandalously small punishment of one year in jail
or he may impose a fine of but ?1,000.. This horrible crime,
.therefore, of forcing innocent girls into a lite which statis
tics show leads to death in iive years on an average this
crime Is considered by our law makers of today less than murder, less than
manslaughter, less than lareen-, less than theft.
But our men law makers go one step further than this. The law further
provides that "no conviction 6hall be had under this section upon the testi
mony of a female." So if the mother or sister of the girl that has been wrong
ed rises up to accuse the guilty, her testimony is swept aside by men as of no
And yet men-say that we are well protected under the present laws and
that they can preserve the purity of the home without our active public help.
do- ..The.. wir
Value of Thoughtful Habits
rt ..4 r : r
By Clayton Sedgwick Coopsr
2:-S" N the last analysis, perhaps the moit abiding benefit of col-
ins these formative days. The college man may forget hia
college enthusiasms ar:J
spirit, whatever that may be, of undergraduate days evap
orates in contact with the practical and serious world. -Habits
of these early days, however, are persistent and usually
permanent in after life. These Bible studies now used by
students are arranged with a view to assist college men in
the formation of habits of daily study and meditation. As a reminder of the
things that are most morth while, this habit has become valued by thousands
of students. I was greatly impressed to find that one of the most representa
tive leaders in an institution in the Middle West was rising at five o'cock in
the morning in order to spend an hour a day in Uioughtfu meditation and study
elative to one of these student courses. His room-mate said to me: "I attri
bute the gplendid equilibrum and' balanced ju4gment of this busy man to this
thoughtful babit whicL h bu practiced for more than two years." From Th
history the state university has also
hia emotions. Much of the "college 1
' Cartoon by
Interviews Gathered Here and Abroad Reflect As
. surahce That Stock Market Manipulation
Cannot Halt Wave of Progress.
POSTMASTER-GENERAL POINTS TO
GREAT GROWTH OF POSTAL BUSINESS
New York City. Emphasizing the
basic soundness of the prosperity of
the United States, despite the depres
sion of stock prices through artificial
courses, the Herald prints interviews
with leading bankers and business
men of the country.
In a special cable from Carlsbad
Jules S. Bache expresses the belief
that the recent market depression
was caused by "disappointed railroad
veterans" as a protest against the
new railroad law. Henry G." Ickel
heimer agrees with Mr. Bache that
intrinsic values have been enhanced
rather than depressed, and John F.
Carroll joins Mr. Bache looking for
ward for results that wrill benefit the
Pbstmaster-General Hitchcock sees
In the reduction of . the deficit of the
Postofilce Department to the extent of
$10,000,000, Involving an immensely
Increased volume of postal business,
an indisputable evidence of the fun
damental strength of the nation's
finances. He also points optimisti
cally to the hopeful outlook and
bountiful crops in the West and
FILL STORAGE HOUSES
Never Such Quantities Laid by For Future Use at This Time of the Year
interest and Expenses Piling Up Big Charges For Users to
Meet Next Winter Promise the Highest of Prices.
New Yorlt City. Butter and eggs
are now stored in the .warehouses of
New York and vicinity in greater
quantities than ever before at this
time of year. Last j'ear's figures on
storage and prices made high records
un to that time, but they are exceed
ed by the totals of thenresent month.
Butter is now higher than it has been
in Julv of any other year since the
Civil War times.
The figures were contained in a re
port completed from twentj-n'ne of
the thirty-two food warehouses in the
metropolitan district. This report
shows that 2.234,000 cases, each con
taining thirty dozens of eggs, are now
In storase, while a year ago the total
was 1,911,000 cases. Never before
has the total in these warehouses ex
ceeded 2,000,000 cases in July.
Receipts of eggs have not been
greatly in excess.of those of last year,
so some of the dealers Infer that a
speculative movement has something
to do with the conditions. The re
ceipts for the last two months have
been 2,417,000 cases, -while In the
same two months of last year 2,300,
000 cases were received. The storage
of eggs began in April.
The best grades of eggs going into
Btorage are quoted at twenty-three
cents a dozen in car lots. They are
Western eggs, and two years ago sim
ilar grades were sold at eighteen
cents. Fresh Eastern eggs, which
are now quoted at twenty-four to
twenty-seven cents a dozen In the
wholesale markets, were sold for
twenty-five cents a year ago.
All the egg prices will be increased,
the dealers say, by the warehouse
expenses, interest charges and profit
when the eggs are taken from the
warehouses for consumption next fall
The total amount of butter now In
Btorage in the metropolitan district
-warehouses is placed at 83,820,000
pounds. A year ago the total was
23,788,000 pounds. The receipts of
butter in the last two months have
amounted to 570,000 tubs of sixty
pounds each; last year's total receipts
in the two months was 520,000 tubs.
The best grades of butter, called
"specials," were quoted at twenty
nine and a quarter cents wholesale,
which Is two and three-quarter cents
a pound more than a year ago.
Two Eoy Wild Berry Pickers
of . Maine Karn $120.
West Paris, Me. Harold Webster
and Archie Snow, of West Paris, aged
seventeen and eighteen respectively,
have earned $126 picking wild ber
ries. Sno w declares he will vise his
share of the money to help pay for a
college course. This has been an un
usually favorable season for berries
and they are abundant and of large
elze. The boys sold the fruit to near
by summer resort and became very
popular with the large number of ra
eationiaU. v .
W. A. Ropers, in the New York Herald.
of Business Men
One of the mostdesperate attempts
on record to influence the stock mar
ket was perpetrated by the publica
tion in a malicious report, from an
apparently authenticated source, that
Germany had repudiated the Monroe
Doctrine and intended to do as she
pleased In South and Central Ameri
Fortunately, the absolute falsity of
tb report was so speedily and so au
thoritatively exposed that but little
damage was done, but it is quite pos
sible that the Federal authorities will
proceed against those responsible for
this last rash and stop-at-nothing ef
fort at stock Jobbing, with its mis
chievous possibility of stirring up en
mity between two friendly nations.
"Washington bankers believe that
the temporary depression of securi
ties is due to a misinterpretation of
the Government's attitude toward the
Western capitalists declare that
crop prospects, even with a possible
wheat shortage, are most encourag
ing. Paul Morton's opinion that this
is no longer a one crop country has
found wide approval.
WITH BUTTER AND EGGS
The phenomenon of Increased
quantities of butter and eggs in stor
age with higher prices in the market
is causing much talk among the
wholesale dealers on the west side.
The explanation offered by some of
their number Is that Western pack
ing companies made contracts earlier
in the "year to take the butter and
eggs from the farmers at high prices,
and so they were compelled to main
tain prices to protect themselves from
losses. If the current receipts of the
products were now offered for imme
diate consumption prices would drop,
and so most of the eggs and butter
coming here of late has gone into
One of the wholesale dealers said
that the packing companies may also
have as an object in keeping up
prices of foutter that people may get
the habit of using oleomargarine as a
substitute. While butter was at its
highest retail prices last winter much
more oleomargarine was sold than
ever before in this country.
Dealers said that they do not see
any reason for expecting a reduction
this year in the cost of living in the
items of butter and eggs.
STATE FAIRS IX 1910.
Iowa Des Moines, August 25
Nebraska Lincoln, September
Ohio Columbus, September
Minnesota Hamline, Septem
Wisconsin Milwaukee, Sep
Indiana Indianapolis, Sep
New York Syracuse, Septem
Kansas Topeka, September
Michigan Detroit, September
Oklahoma Oklahoma City,
September 27-October 9.
Illinois . Springfield, Septem
ber 30-October 5.
Missouri Sedalia, October
Texas Dallas, October 15-30.
GoTernor of Florida Sngges'ts
Pension For Mother of Thirteen.
Pensacola, Fla. Mr. and Mrs. T.
Barberi, of this city, have received
from 'Governor Gilchrist a handsdrne
spoon bearing the seal of the State ot
, Married nineteen years ago, the
wife -la riow only thirty-seven, bus
Mr. and Mrs. Barberi are the parents
of thirteen children. Ix of the Chil
dren are twins. Governor Gll-ehrist
suggested that the 'Legislature pass
an act allowing the parents a peii-ftion.
Our hen has a flock of "cuddle-de-wcss"'
ihat follow her round all day.
Some are yellow, and one is black.
And two are a nrettv rrav:
And at evening time, when the sunset
Is shining between the trees.
Our hen picks out a slindy spot
And calls to her "cuddle-de-wees."
And there in the shadow, beneath the
They run to her gladly, the "cuddle-de
FROM OUR OWN DICTIONARY.
Sigh An air of sadness.
Gent Vulgar fraction of a gentle
aan. Vanity Other people's love pf dis
play. Kleptomaniac One subject to fits
Justice Confirmation of ov snn
Ignorance Condition of mind of
persons who don't know the things
Philanthropist One who Is willing
to share the discomforts of his wealth
with others. Eoston Transcript.
FAVORITE FIRE HORSE.
Up in Yonkers one of the fire com
panies in the outskirts has a horse
which Is a great favorite not only
with the firemen -but with the neigh
bors. He roams at will in the vacant
lots for. blocks from the house, but
he is on the job at the first tap of the
bell, and never seems to be behind
the less privileged animals which have
to stay in the house. This steed gets
his regular meals at home, but he is
a welcome guest at all the near-by
houses where there are children, and
receives a good many dainties to eke
out the bill of fare provided by the
municipality. New York Tribune.
A ROBIN'S NEST.
About five years ago my father
planted an apple tree in the back
yard. It is now a large tree, bearing
apples every year. Last year a pair
of robins built ajiest In our apple
tree between'two branches in a hol
low. They did it so neat and clean.
In about two days after there were
three pretty blue eggs in the nest.
The mother sat on them day after
day until there were three little birds
peeping In the nest. The father and
mother were busy getting worms for
the young birds. k They kept doing
this for about three weeks, and then
" they tried to teach the young ones.
But a sad thing came near happening
to one of them. There was a piece of
card in the fence and the .young robin
flew to the fence and caught his left
foot in the cord. The bird struggled
to get free, but the cord held him a
captive. John, our workman, heard
the noise of the parents and the young
birds. He looked up , and saw the
poor bird caught to the cord. He at
once unloosed the bird and it flew a
couple of yards and began to chirp,
as if to say, "Thank you. "1 Norman
Traphen, in the New York Tribune.
THE PANSY'S LESSON.
Beneath the spreading branches of
a pepper tree grew a bed of pretty,
bright pansies. In the same yard
were many varieties of flowers, but
to the little girl who watched for new
blossoms each day none were as inter-,
esting a3 the pansies. One evening,
while Pauline was gathering a bou
quet of pansies for mamma, she found
among them a large yellow pansy,
with such a bright, happy face It
seemed to the child to be quite alive.
This little girl was naturally very
good, as little girls usually are, but
the nest morning things seemed to go
wrong. Little dog Brownie came run
ning up stairs and into Pauline's
room, trying to say good morning by
wagging his tail, but Pauline only
said: "Go away, Brownie, I'm cross
to-day." Of course mamma felt very
Eorry to see her dear little girl- in
such a mood, but while preparing
breakfast heard the patter of tiny feet
on the stairs, then suddenly felt two
little arms around , her neck and a
warm kiss on her ' cheek. ' A little
voice said: "Mamma, I feel so happy.
The yellow pansy looked straight into
my eyes and seemed to whisper,
'Smile and be happy.' " You see,
children, the beautiful fairy-love,
which we can always find if we look
closely, appeared in the yellow pansy,
crept into Pauline's heart and brought
happiness. Kindergarten Primary
MR. CITY MOUSE'S IDEA.
Ethel's father tucked her in bed
last night and then sat down beside
"Now, my dear," he said to Ethel,
"I will tell you how the City Mice got
started on their way at last to see Mr.
and Mrs. Country Mouse and little
Mattie Mouse, who is Maudie Mouse's
"Mr. and Mrs. City Mouse and lit
tle Maudie Mouse lived for many
weeks under the floor' of the milk
house, and oh, how fat they did get!
"The Sood, good things that they
did have to eat; nice fresh milk to
drink, and lots of nice cheese and
"One day Mr City Mouse- came
back through the hole in the floor
very much excited.
" 'My dear,' said he to Mrs. City
Mouse, 'my dear, I think we have a
great chance to go south.'
" 'Oh, how?' asked his good wife,
her face fairly beaming with delight.
" 'I heard the farmer tell his wife
that h was going to eend a box of
things south by freight. Now. if we
can get In that box, we will land
south, too.' 1
"Just then they heard a loud tramp
ing and pounding in the milk house
over their heads.
"Mr. and Mrs. Mouse crept silently
up to the little hole and listened very
" 'That must be the box they are
going to Eend,' whispered Mr. City
Mouse, as he saw a big box sitting on
the floor. 'I never saw It before.'
" 'It surely must be,' said Mrs. City
Mouse, 'but won't It be too hot for
" 'Oh, no,' said Mr. Mouse, 'because
if there isn't a knothole in it 1 will
certainly gnaw a hele so that we can
get some air.' "Farmer Smith, iq
the New York Globe.
When George Washington was
about three years old there was born
in a rude cabin in the outskirts of a
Pennsylvania forest a little boy who
was called Daniel. - His father and
mother, Mr. and Mrs.. Boone, were
very sensible people, so far as tueir
child grew up he was not fed on
sweets, but given plain food to make
strong muscle. When he was old
enough Daniel was sent to the small,
poorly kept schoolhouse to learn
reading and writing from a pross old
schoolmaster. Somehow learning
came very hard to the boy, for his
thoughts were ever wandering to tha
forest3, the game and the Indians.
From babyhood his only plaything:
had been his father's old flintlock
musket and his chief companions hia
father's hunting dogs. Very young1
he learned to 3hoot,J!or good marks
manship seemed to be born in him.
When his short school life was ended
the woods. On bright days the suns
guided him, but on dark days he
found his way by the moss, which ho
knew always grew on the north side
of the trees. He knew many Indiana
and liked their wild life so well that
he often visited among them. He
learned their customs, tricks and char
acteristics. When Daniel Boone grew
to manhood he disliked farming al
most as much as he had disliked
school, so hunting took most of hia
This strong man could endure any
hardships. His broad, deep chest
gave his lungs so much room that he
could run for a long tima without
getting but of breath. No Indian wa3
more nimble nor could run faster
than he. With the Indian he was
forced to use. cunning, but in his dis
position he was true, kind, accommo
dating, very courageous and very
brave. When Boone realized that his
little family in Pennsylvania had not
the wealth which those around him
had, his pride gave him a desire to go
to a newer land where all should be
on the same level. In 1769 he and
five other tried hunters bade their
families good-bye and journeyed west
of the mountains. Although they
knew they were going to a country
where there were no stores or hotels,
they took no provisions with them.
As they tramped away, clothed in
their deerskin hunting suite and moc
casins, and armed with rifles, bullets,
powder and tomahawks, they must
have been a wonder to their neigh
bors. The country through which
they journeyed was. wild, for Indiana
were liable to attack them at any
time. After a month's hard traveling
they reached the crest of the hilla
which overlooked the plains of cen
tral Kentucky. The' buffaloes and
deer grazing there insured them plen
ty of food.
Several times Daniel Eoone waa
captured by t'he Indians, but as he
had learned1 their ways when a boy
he always managed to escape. Not
long after the small party had reached
the strange land three of the hunters
returned home, leaving one man with
Boone. He died, but Boone's broth
er, Squire, was then with the Uold
pioneer. 'Later when Squire returned.
East for more powder and bullets,.
Daniel was left the only white man in
a strange land, without even a dog or
a horse to keep him company. The
Indians were very unfriendly, so
Boone was always on the lookout for
them. Never did he hear the call of
a wild turkey but what he thought it
might be the noise of an Indian imi
tator. To elude the redmen at night.
Boone would make his campfire and
then journey about two miles away
to sleep in a hollow tree. Every night,
he slept in a different place so that he
might not be found. For two years-,
Daniel Eoone led this wild life and
then returned to his wife and family
in Pennsylvania. In another year
many friends with their familie
joined the Boone family in making a.
settlement in Kentucky. Great hard
ships were again endured, but the
free life made the settlers happy, ex
cept when they were attacked by tho
Indians. Washington Star.
Selling a Mountain.
So seldom does the sale of a moun-
tain take place that w-hen such is even
contemplated it is worthy of record.
The Communal Council of Veytaux
in Switzerland, has under considera
tion a proposal for the purchase of
a mountain in the neighborhood.
The mountain Is valued at 273,000
francs. The mountain is difficult of
access, eo it is proposed t6 construct
one of those wonderful railways to
be seen at Pilatus' or the Rigi and
then to establish hotels at the top.
Of course the commune is poor and
the conscript fathers think the pur
chase price would prove a windfall.,
hence their desire to realize on their
mountain. Lond&n Globe.