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II TO IMPROVE
FAR r 1 GONDITIOHS
AMERICAN COMMISSION CLOSELY
STUDYING THE SYSTEMS IN
SCOPE OF WORK ENLARGED
Is Important Task Whose Solution
Will , be of Immense Benefit to the
Rome, Italy J A most, important task,
whose solution will be of 'the great
est interest to the American farmer has
been undertaken by the American com
mission on agricultural organization;
co-operation and rural, credits now
studying the systems &9 work in vari
out countries in Europe.
During the voyage from the United
States the members decided to depart
from the original intention of merely
investigating the systems of European
rural credits, as it was considered that
so narrow a subject would tend
against the usefulness of the commis
sion. 1 The scope of the work was
therefore- enlarged ! to embrace the
whole subject" of co-operative effort as
it touches agriculture and rural life.
. The .members divided into four sub
committees dealing with the subjects
of finance, production, distribution and
organization of agriculture and country
The first subcommittee has started
an investigation into all forms of
banking and credit affecting the agri
culturists, whether co-operative or non
co-operatice, but .is paying especial at
tention to the former, as it is desired
to disseminate into the North Ameri
can continent some practical principle
of self help. All the bankers and finan
ciers ,aocompanjing the commission
are on this subcommittee. . ' '
Practical farming, is being ' investi
gated by the second subcommittee, and
it is inquiring into the European as
sociations formed for the purpose of
increasing the fertility of the soil or
the quality of crops and live stock. The
successful .caw-testing associations of
Denmark and other countries.
The, third subcommittee is gathering
information " as to organizations han
ling farmer's implements with the ob
ject of eliminating undue profits by
middle men or large combinations of
120 PASSENGERS ARE LOST
Steamer. Nevada Strikes Mine in Gulf
Smyrna. The steamer Nevada, with
200 passengers, on board, struck three
mines 'in succession . in the Gulf of
Smyrna and . sank. Only eighty pas
sengers are reported saved. The mines
were strewn on the coast waters by the
Turks to prevent an I attack by the
Greek fleet during the Balkan War. .
The Nevada was ' leaving the Gulf
of Smyrna when a Russian steamer
was coming .'in and to avoid a collision
the first hamed vessel left the chan
nel and entered a mine field.
The Nevada struck three mines and
each exploded' in quick succession.
The- last...was.'. followed by an explo
sion. on .the ship which lmediately
gankT P .
li( Of the 200 passengers on the steam
fjr eighty were rescued by boats which
put off from the French cruiser Bruix,
"which was anchored in the harbor.
! The' Nevada, though owned by ,a
Turkish company, was flying the
v I One' Killed, Two Shot In Feud.
; Hawkinsville Davis Walker, a far
mef, was' shot and killed by Jerry Per
! due 'near here. Perdue was shot
. through. the.thigh and W. H. Davis, a
ibystander, was shot la the neck, neith
er being wounded seriously. The kill
ing issaid., to be the- outcome' of. ill
i.' feeling-Over the killing of Walker's fa
rther several months ago, for which Per
due was tried and acquitted. ' Pefdue
' came Jtq Hawkinsville and surrendered.
. Walker-is. survived by a wife and four
! . I,, .
; n" Vi'fif Bihle in Schools!
of the Bible, must be read daily with-
1 . 'a. 1 it
-'.out commeni in txiu yuuuu bciiuuis ui
X till i I D J ft aUlO.. . A VUVii O
7 ' ' ' '" " -
. Veterans Gather In : Reunion.
I f!hattnooea. Incominz trains-
brought hundreds of Tigterans and visi
.:tnr .tftthe twentv-thlrd annual reunion
of the . United Confederate Veterans,
. opened here. Many or tnose wno ar
rtved first came to attend preliminary
meetings. These sessions included a
welcome meeting of the Confederate
Memorial association and the opening
meeting of the Sons of Confederate
Veterans. Chattanooga Is in gala at
tire in honor of the momentous occas
ion.. Bounting and flags, both federal
and confederate, adorn the buildings
I'"- :?"-::' -A
Cardinal Rampolla, former secre
tary of state to Pope Leo XIII., is one
of the leaders in the college of cardi
nals and is mentioned as a possible
successor of Pope Pius.
U.S. G0UGED0N ARMOR
COMPETITIVE BIDDING A FARCE,
SAYS SECRETARY OF WAR
DANIEL IN STATEMENT -
Responsibility Is Placed on the Navy
Department for Price Agreements l
Washington. Responsibility for
price agreements among manufacturers
furnishing armor plate for American
warships was placed directly upon
the navy department itself by Secre
tary Daniels. In a statement follow
ing his announcement of his intention
to submit a plan for a government
armor plant the secretary declared
the policy of the department In divid
ing plate contracts among all bidders
at the lowers "figure offered "makes
all pretense of competitive bidding to
get the' lowest market price a farce
that cannot possibly deceive anyone
acquainted with the. facts." ? !
'( Mr. Daniels said he was glad the
resolution; for an investigation of this
matter, introduced- 'recently: by Sen
ator Ashurst, was, before congress and
that it only anticipated a. formal state
ment; which he proposed to prepare re
questing relief from "an Intolerable
situation." " - ' 1
: How contracts for armor for the
new battleship Pennsylvania were let
by Secretary Meyer last March was
told in detail in the statement. Three
steel companies" " submitted virtually
identical bide and the contracts were
divided among them. i
$100,000,000 MEXICAN LOAN
Is to be Placed at 90 and Run Ten
Years at 6 Per Cent. j
Mexico City. The Mexican congress
gave its sanction to an agreement fqr
a loan of $100,000,000 at six per cent,
interest. The amount is to be placed
at' ninety and will run for ten years.
It is - guaranteed by 38 per" cent of
the customs receipts. The Mexican
National bank is named as the rep
resentative of the bankers j
The "debate'-on "the loan was a long
one. The minister of finance was
charged with failure to take better of
fers which had been made. He replied
that Provisional President Huerta and
the otherLmembers of the Mexican
cabinet had. urged upon him the im
mediate acceptance of this loan as
the; other offers received necessitated
more delay. "
Poison Victim Is Dead.
Macon. Sanders Walker "died here
without regaining consciousness. Up
to his last moment of conscious
ness the young real estate man, whose
tragic mistake, taking bichlorde of
mercury instead of a headache remedy
is cost him his life, was calm and
cheerful, comforting hia grief-stricken
wife and parents, and showing that the
indomitable -jill which characterized
hl3 college days and his business life
since has stood the "final great test
unbroken. Walker lapsed into uncon
sciousness before he died.
"FOR GOD, FOR COUNTRY AND FOR TRUTH."
PLYMOUTH,. N. C, FRIDAY, MAY 30, 1913.
T TO CHANGE
THE CURRENCY COMMITTEE IS
WEIGHING MANY BILLS TO
EXPERTS TO AGREE ON PLAN
Improbable That Effort Will Be Made
at Present Session to Reform
; Washington. In addition to conduct
ing hearings and digesting the answers
to .questions which are to be propound
ed to bankers and financial experts
the senate banking and currency com
mittee will discuss numerous bill pro
posed to reform the financial system
of the country before it presents a
measure to the senate, s
Chairman Owen and many other
members of the committee are engag
ed in drawing up bills designed tp al
ter the currency system and it will
be necessary for the committee to con
sider all of them before it settles upon
a measure that it can support. It is
regarded as improbable that an effort
will be made at the present session to
reform the banking laws, but attention
will be focused on the need for more
elastic currency and for mobilization
of reserves so that they can be utilized
quickly in case of financial stress.
Republican leaders are convinced
there is little likelihood of radical leg
islation on currency subjects.
They do not believe serious effort
will be made to provide for guarantee
of bank deposits and they hope some
sort of central association will be pro
vided. ' J
The subcommittee authorized to set
tle upon a list of questions to bankers
met, but did not complete its task.
Dr. A. Piatt Andrew, former assistant
secretary of the treasury and one of
the experts of the monetary commis
sion, sat with the committeemen and
offered suggestions for questions. A
final draft will be laid by the subcom
mittee by Chairman Owen, who also
will draw up a letter to accompany
TWO KILLED IN EXPLOSION
Steam Pipe of Stewart Blows Out Dur
San Diego, Cal. Richard Curtis
Smith, oiler, and H. F. Bock, chief ma
chinist's mate, are dead and Alma Mil
ler, oiler, who risked his life in an
attempt to save Bock, Is in a dying
condition as the result of an explo
sion on the United States torpedo boat
" The accident occurred 28 miles off
port during a speed test, when a. steam
pipe In the engine room, blew out. The
engines were turning 200 revolutions a
minute and the destroyer, was rushing
through the water at the rate of twenty-five
and a half knots an hour. The
Stewart is the fastest of the flotilla.
A brother of Miller lives at Idaho
Falls, Idaho.: Smith's home was at
Lolin, Texas, and Bock lived at Moline,
Illinois. Bock had just re-enlisted.
Capt. M. G. Shonerd says the acci
dent was one for which no one could
be, blamed. . He made an investigation
and forwarded a'report to Washington.
100 Federals Killed by Rebels.
Eagle Pass. In a, battle near Sacra
mento in northeast Mexico, 100 feder
als were ambushed and killed by con
stitutionalists, according to reports
brought here- by constitutionalist lead
ers, who are gathering across the river
from here for a general military con
ference. Carveo, a former follower of
Orosco, led the federals at Sacramento.
This victory gave the constitutionalists
possession of all towns between Cal
tillo and Moncleva. Huerta's oppon
ents claim also to have captured the
cities of Tactatecas, Parras and San
Pedro de Celonias, near Torreon.
Officials Chosen for Labor Department
Washington It was announced that
Louis F. Post of Chicago had been se
lected as assistant secretary of the de
partment of labor; Anthony Caminetti
of San-Francisco for commissioner gen
eral of immigration, and John O. Dens
more of Poison, Mont, for solicitor of
the department of labor. Louis Free
land Post is an editor, author, lawyer
andi lecturer, who has attained promi
nence by his" discussions of economic
questions, . particularly single tax.
Flagler's Funeral Marked by Simplicity
St. Augustine", Fla. Simplicity mark
ed the. funeral of Henry M. Flagler,
when his body was laid In, a mausoleum
in "the yard' of the Flagler Memorial
church. Thousands from all parts of
Florida participated in the services at
the church- and - viewed the body as
it lay in state in the rotunda of the
Ponce de Leon hotel, which he built.
Back cf the casket towered the royal
palms of Folrida, on the bier lay a sim
ple bunch of lilies. The guard of hon
or was made up of employees of the
Florida East Coast railway.
MRS. ANMIE WILSON "HOWE
Mrs. Howe of Philadelphia, a sister
of President Wilson, is taking the
rest cure in Paris, after, spending
some time at the White House.
HENRY M. FLAGLER DEAD
END COMES TO BUILDER OF OVER-THE-SEA
RAILROAD AT HIS
HOME IN FLORIDA.'
First Fortune Swept Away by Poor In
vestment, He Left $100,000,000 .
West Palm Beach, Fla. -Henry M
Flagler, wealthy railroad builder and
owner, died here. ,
" Mr. Flagler, one of America's fore
most financial giants, and known in
the South as the "King of Florida."
After amassing a fortune of $50,000
In Bellevue, he went to Saginaw, Mich.,
and made an unsuccessful venture in
the salt business, losing every dollar
of his money. Writh the aid of money
furnished by his wife's relatives, he
moved to Cleveland and entered the
Henry M. Flagler was born at
Canandaigua, N. Y., in 1830.. Little is
known of his early life, except that
he was clerk in a country grocery
in Orleans county, Michigan,, while yet
in his teens.
In 1885 Mr. Flagler paid his first
visit to Florida, and became impress
ed with the business possibilities pre
sented there by the railroad field, in
connection with the development - of
winter resorts. . ,
Entering actively into the work of
turning Florida into one vast winter
resort, Mr. Flagler built the Florida
Eastt Coast railroad and erected the
Ponce de Leon and Alcazar hotels
at a cost of $3,000,000.
His great achievement, however,
was the extension of his railroad from
Miami to Key West. For many years
his plan was ridiculed as impracti
cable, and was called "Flagler's fol
ly." The opening of this "over-seas"
line i3 listed as one of the engineer
ing triumphs of the age.
LANDSLIDE WRECKS JRAIN
The Train Was Swept Down Mountain
- Side by Avalanche.
Hinton, W.'Va. Six persons are be
lieved to have been killed and a num
ber injured when a Chesapeake and
Ohio train was swept down a steep
mountain side by a landslide.
; The train, composed of an engine,
three freight cars and a caboose, the
latter carrying passengers, had been
stopped between Sewell and Landls
burg, so that, debris deposited by a
cloudburst, might be cleared away.
The slide that ingulfed the train
and sent it rolling down the mountain
side in a tumbling mass of rock, earth,
steel and timber, came without warn
ing. While the crew was working to
clear the track there was.a terrific roar
and before any. one . coulcLsave them
selves the crash came.
Quilt Has 20,152 Patches.
-Jackson, Ga.- Late in April it '-was
reported from Senoia that there was
a quilt in Coweta county containing 5,
500 patches or scraps. .... Butts county
has since been casting about endeav
oring to find one with a larger number.
The search is completed, and that Mrs.
F. M. Allen of this city is the owner
of a beautiful quilt of many colors,
containing not only that many pieces,
but nearly four times as many, will
interest quiltmakers. The one in her
possession has 20,152 ' pieces, each
about half an inches, sauare. .
PRESIDENT WILSON STIRS UP
THINGS BY DENOUNCING
ARE MAKING NO HEADWAY
Bills Have Been Introduced in Cong
ress By Several Senators and Will
be Pressed For Attion Looking to
Their Regulation. '
Washington. President Wilson stir
red congressional circles with an em
phatic, statement denouncing the "in
dustrious" and. "insidious" lobby "In
Washington attempting to create pub
lic sentiment against certain features
of the Underwood tariff bill. This
wa3 accepted at the Capitol as referr
ing to the unusual efforts being made
against free raw wool and free sugar.
While the President was declaring
It his' opinion that the public should
be relieved. "from the intolerable bur
den," Senators and Representatives
were viewing on every hand the evi
dences of the lobbyists which beset
them ; and significance was attached
to a statement made by Senator Sim
mons, chairman of the Finance Com
mittee, which now has the tariff bill
in hand that, in his opinion, the lobby
ists were not making any headway.
The President's declaration that the
lobbyists were so thick "that one could
not throw a brick without hitting one"
revived interest in two bills recently
introduced in the House and Senate
to regulate lobbying on pending legis
lation. Senator Keynon of Iowa and Repre
sentative C. B. Smith of New York
have declared their intention to press
bills they have introduced which
would restrict the work of lobbyists,
require their registration and require
that they be licensed to appear before
any committee or to carry on a cam
paign for or against proposed legisla
tion. Heavy penalties would be im
posed for violations.
Democratic leaders were .almos'
unanimous in support of the Presi
dent's statement maintaining that they
are well able to handle the important
pending tariff legislation and that the
sugar and wool bill will be thoroughly
considered and discussed by the Fi
nance Committee and Democratic
caucus before it is reported.
Would Change Election.
Washington. A new plan for Nat
lonal elections and the assembling of
Congress was proposed by Senator
Work3 in two bills. He would change
election day from November to August
and provide for annual sessions of
Congress from the first Monday ia
October to the first Monday in June.
Congressmen would assume office in
October, immediately after election
and the President and Vice President
would take office in November.
Bulgaria Looking For War.
Vienna. Bulgaria regards war as
inevitable according to dispatches
from Sofia. Servia's demand for a
revision of the alliance treaty is re
garded as an ultimatum, and it is ex
pected the Bulgarian "Cabinet will flat
ly refuse the demand and insist upon
strict compliance with the treaty.
Another Aeroplane Wrecked.
Mineola, N. Y. George Hamilton,
aged 36, of Reno, Nevada, had a re
markable escape from death in an
aeroplane accident. He was trying out
a new type of monoplane, framed with
iron tubing. When ahout a hundred
feet in the air the aeroplane turned
turtle and crashed to the ground. Ham
ilton was picked up in a dazed con
dition. He probably will recover.
Decision Affecting Cut Rates.
Washington. Patented articles sold
under price restrictions by manufac
turers may be re-sold by retailers at
cut rates. The supreme court held In
the case of a newly patented 'nerve
tonic. Safety razors, talking machines
and thousands of other patented artic
les are affected by the decision.
BwCholoride Tablet Did Not Kill.
Orlando, Fla. That bl-chloride of
mercury poison is not always fatal
was demonstrated here when S. Wat
ers Howe, cashier of the State Nation
al Bank swallowed a tablet of that
deadly drug mistaking it for a head
ache dose. As the tablet passed down
his throat it contracted the muscles
so violently that he discovered his
mistake and hurried to the city phy
sician who at once used the stomach
pump and gave antidotes with the
result that Howe is about as well as
upna! and he has experienced no harm.
NO. 48,- ;
LAND OF THE LONG LEAFP1NE
Short Paragraphs of State News That
Has Been Condensed-Foe People
. of the State.'. ,
Tryon. Mr. Dave W.' Pate has 'the
i . A- . J.U l-IJ I TV. ,1V '
county. He Is now at work on, th
bridge at Lynn. - - '
Raleigh. Governor Craig offers a
reward of $50 for the arrest of Joe
Ross, colored, who is wanted Robe-; ;
son countv. The county commission
ers offer an additional $50 reWard..".
lis imuuu Bcuuoi UUUUU1S5 auiiiMu:
. x i a i. I m f .
year. There are 190 children of school
age in the town, with an enrollment
of 150 to be taught by three te.acuers.
.Asheville. Cletus Ju"stus... IS-year-i
ciation, who has held the position of
statement that the annual meeting of
tho ns.nrwM.ntinn will hft held a.t. New. '.
..... - - B
bern June 10 to 13.
; Raleigh. A certificate
ment to the charter of- The State Dis- -patch
Publishing , Company, 0 BurUng
ton,' is filed changing , the basis of .
management so uuu .uvq . uuetiyis. m-(.
stead of 21 ' win nave - tne manage-
v nimby.- -juuu luyuiiit, a. ut jiv i .
the employ of the Hardaway. Contract:
ing Company was shot and" killed sev-"
eral days ago. - The trouble Is said to
have been a personal -matter between ;
Thnmaa nnrt annfhpr HPCTO nv Tne
name of Leak, who has' been' around
nere, seemingly unaer xne mnueuco
Durham. J. W. FerrelL. proprietor;,
nf nninrlmia "taaA" atrtr flTT Par-
VJ I I, JUL. AUWO w W vm w " T"-
rish street, alleged to be one of the "
biggest blind tigera in the city; was -
convicted before the . recorder"; -Jinz
seizure law and, 'was lined . $200 arid
taxed with the costs; ' He" gave 'notice
of an appeal.' j A - ' J J:;!
newly elected grand master; of. . t-e,
ATnrth Parnlinji "n'rnn'd ' XnAecP:' rtf ThM..'
Fellows, has completed . his list.-of s'
noses to inaueurate -forthwith, one of,-
me most aggressive campaigns nor
furtherance of the interests of the1 or-"
rtA-p Thar it in a stata na.9 vpj mnwn.i
,1 : f
Raleih. The 'Secretary rofc State -
pany, Red Springs, . capital , .$10,000
t rrti nrii!;AMTnnH -i
i ir iwki . v i i iit.in .in ir.i hiiii liLtici a .
also the Mint-Cola Company, salis-,
bury, capital $40,000-. authorized' and' '
An n r r, il. j' . 1 T T . jjtXw' T ."
H; Warburton -and'-others Hin;;
acnovii o vpwc nan nnti,-rsiptv'fi
in ARhBviiiA or an atrocitv eommuten
in Mitchell county, when the dam ot
the Carolina Mining company, mining '
ieispar ana ivaoim, . was ,. uauiy. mswi :
ayed by a discharge of dynamite,; nlac-.
m . . 3 . . . 11 .,, ' J - J .
inal intent. Three large holesJ Were-; "
nfn iAna tha Anfia InQQ V diner .lQ-
twfipn Snort and $700.
. Scotland Neck. The Bqard'pi ' tWs- '-.
session of the school: First grade,.
Miss Mary .Herbert. Smithy second ,
grade, left open; third' grade," MIss:
Eleanor smith; fourth ; graaejaiias c
Cornelia Josev: fifth Krade.iMiss".
Bessie - Halleni Farm ville ; "sixth ;f rade,
Miss Nannie Richardson, Selma : isey-
enth grade, left open- i0 ufiX
Albemarle. Mr. William E. Farr,
resident- of AlbemarlrjfoEw;yieipas
several years, died euddenfy : severa)
days ago."" Mf.""Furr "wswapparentl y
in his usual health, having been 'Ui
street all during the afternoon and;
having conversed with, a numbe?;'oi!
Confederate veterans preparatory' t
joining t-hem for a trip to Chattap
nooga..Mr. Furr was 81 years ofjase
and has been constable for this tw
ship .foe a .nujnber pf -years. f
Newton. The case of the Clarerao-at
bank 'which was tybave been tried Art
court here last week was continue4
until the July term of court. Thil
case was the receiver- aDDlvlnsr f.r- .m
right to pay off the depositors wlth' th
.cash on. hand when the State BanVi
Examiner closed the bank which waj
being operated by the State Truss
Company. "The . money will be Rel i
until later for an order from the judge" .
who will hold the next term of court y
Salisbury. It has ben decided ' not
to celebrate the Fourth of July in
isbury this year. ; All efforts will b
concentrated on a big county fair'Ii
the fall.' The North Carolina PuMtj
Service . Company has agreed to g i v ?
the grounds and make special pre;, ar?
ntirtn tftr th ovsnt - d t.
Wake Forest Seventy-eight r i
received their diplomas from V." 'f .
Forest recently and the honorary J-v
gree of doctor of divinity was con
ferred upon Rev. Livingstone Joh;. t"
of Raleigh and the degree of d :
of laws upon Pnv;! lnt'V, :
Martin of Djviia Collf4:;.