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VOL XXIV. ' PLYMOUTH, N. C.t FRIDAY, AUGUST 1, 1913. NO. 5.
II. 9. ORDERS BO
TO WE REDRESS
DEMAND MOST DRASTIC THAT
HAS BEEN MADE BY WILSON
WANT SOLDIERS PUNISHED
Release Is Also Demanded of Bissell
and McDonald, Held by Huerta's
Washington. Strong representa
tion's, the most drastic In phraseology
that have been made since the pres
ent American administration came In
to power, were made to the Huerta
government in Mexico.
The United States government de
manded not only the prompt arrest,
courtmartial and punishment of the
Mexican federal soldiers who shot
Charles B. Dixon, an American im
migration official at Juarez, Mexico,
but the immediate release of Charles
Bissell and Bernard ' McDonald, min
ing managers, imprisoned by federal
soldiers at Chihuahua City, and said
to be threatened with execution.
So serious were these Incidents re
garded In officials circles that they
overshadowed largely the theoretical
considerations of policy which the
visit of Ambassador Henry Lane Wil
son has brought to a climax.
The ambassador himself was so
exercised over the developments in
Mexico that he dictated two strong
telegrams, one to the embassy at
Mexico City and the other to the
American consul at Juarez, and while
Secretary Bryan slightly modified
their tone, they were approved and
El Paso, Texas. Charles B. Dixon,
Jr., the United States immigration in
spector, who was shot in Juarez by
Mexican soldiers, was - released from
the Juarez hospital and brought to El
Paso after American Consul T. D.
Edwards had made a demand for his
release and for the arrest of the men
-who shot him.
Mexican Consul Miranda and Guil
lermo Porars, former secretary of the
state of Chihuahua, also interceded
for the release, of Dixon, after confer
ence with the United States officials,
who represented to the Mexicans the
grave Impressions that had been pro
duced, in Washington by the news of
the shooting of the inspector.
HEAVY FIGHTING IN BALKANS
On Eve of Peace Conference Greeks
Continue to Press Bulgars.
London. The Balkan peace confer
ence is expected to open at Bucharest,
but meantime serious fighting contin
ues. . .
The Greeks refused Bulgaria's re
quest for even a thre edays truce and
after heavy : fighting, - have ' gotten
through Krefina" pass, defeating the
Bulgarians at Simekle, capturing three
siege guns and driving the Bulgarians
back on Djuma.
The Greeks claim they annihilated
the whole left of the Bulgarian army
and that they have forced the Bul
garians back along the Struma valley,
to Djuma on the Bulgarian frontier.
Unless peace speedily is negotiated
another great battle is likely to oc
cur at Struma.
No news was received of fighting on
the Servian frontier, but the large
numbers of wounded men arriving in
Bulgaria indicate severe engagements.
The concert of the powers seems as
powerless as before to adopt any united
action against Turky. The porte, how
ever, has disavowed the action of its
troops in penetrating old Bulgaria,
and no further advance of Turkish
troops has been reported. The Turks
claim their spoils at Adrianople con
sisted of . 150 guns, 50,000 rifles and
1,000,006 sacks of corn.
Farm Commission Back From Europe.
Washington. After six weeks spent
in investigating agricultural conditions
in Europe, with particular reference to
farm Credits and farm co-operation,
the commission appointed by President
Taft, with another from the Southern
Commercial congress, returned to the
city of Washington.
Unknown Fire Victims Interred.
Binghampton, N. Y. Attended by
thousands of mourners, many of them
relatives or close friends of the vic
tims, the funeral of the twenty-one
unidentified dead, who lost their lives
in the Binghampton Clothing compa
ny fire, was held. ' Services were held
in the opera house, clergymen of all
religious dnomienations taking part
in the exercises. A special trolley
funeral car bore the twenty-one cas
kets to Spring Forest cemetery. Fire
men and policemen bore the coffins
to the graves.
DR. PABLO GALD0S ,v
Dr. Pablo Desverlno y Galdos, the
newly arrived minister from Cuba, Is
a lawyer and a close personal friend
of President Menocal. He is president
of the National university of Cuba. .
REBELLION GHG IN CHINA
MARTIAL LAW IS DECLARED
THROUGHOUT THE CHINESE
Great Explosion Is Indicated Sun
Yat Sen Heads the Southern
" London. The Pekin correspondent
of The Daily Telegraph sends the fol
"The declaration of martial law
here shows that the northern govern
ment admits its desperate position.
: This synchronizes with the creation of
! a complete confederate - government
; at Nanking. Parliament has not yet
been dissolved, but it is unlikely that
l it will survive.
"The war news is baffling, but for
eign military experts now believe the
southerners are in far greater strength
than has been supposed.
"A private dispatch says the south
erners have not been repulsed from
i the Pukow railway. Reinforcements
are coming daily and Kwangtung pro
mises 60,000 troops, half of which
are due this week.
"All indications point to a great
explosion in Hu-Peh province. There
is a general reluctance among the
merchantile classes to hazard their
lives and fortunes and the iron will
of the southern leaders must shortly
bring all into light.
"Dr. Sun Yat Sen, former provision
al president, issued a manifesto ir
revocably backing the rebellion. He
makes three appeals, the " first to
Yuan Shi Kal, recounting the south
ern grievance and declaring that just
resistance to intolerable tyranny is
no rebellion. He concludes: 'I am
determined to oppose you as firmly as
I did the Manchus. Retirement is ab
solutely your only course.'
GUARDS DEFY THE VATICAN
The Residence of Pope Pius in a
Veritable State of Siege.
Rome. The Vatican is in a vertable
state of siege. This was the outcome
of the mutiny of Swiss guards, whose
demands, in form of a memorial relat
ing their grievances and setting forth
the' conditions on which they would
remain In the service, were rejected.
Three leaders r in the movement
were expelled from the Vatican. Four
others left and twelve have request
ed leave to depart for their homes
Those who left were accompanied
to the gates of the Vatican by their
comrades. At the separation they
cried: "Viva Garlibald!"
Serious trouble was expected when
the guards were notified that all their
claims had been rejected and it had
been arranged that any of the guards
attempting a demonstration should, be
arrested by the papal gendarmes and
turned over to the Italian police for
transportation to the Swiss frontier.
When the reply to their memorial was
read the commander and other offi
cers, armed with revolvers, stood
ready to suuupress any show of force.
Weekly Information for Farmers.
Washington. Secretary Houston
announced that hereafter the depart
ment of agriculture would send a
weekly letter to its 35,000 townships
:tad 2,800 county correspondents of
the department, giving the latest ag
ricultural information of value to the
farmer. The letters will treat of
crop conditions and prices, the dis
covery of new plant or animal pests,
pure food decisions and those which
affect users of irrigated lands and
the national forests and any other
work which can benefit the fanner.
IK PARCEL POST
PARCEL POST CHANGES WILL
TAKE EFFECT AUGUST
RATES ARE TO BE LOWER
Postmaster Burlesons' Proposition Is
Sanctioned by the Commerce
A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A
A Parcel Post Regulations as L
A Proposed. A
A Maximum weight of mailable A
A packages increased to 20 pounds. A
A Cost of delivery of 20-pound A
A package in cities and on rural A
A routes, 15. cents. - A
A Maximum cost, 20-pound pack- A
A age carried 150 miles, 24 cents. A
A Express charges for same serv- A
A ice, 40 cents. A
A Cost to department of hand- A
A ling 20-pound package transport- A
A ed 75 miles, 14 cents. Postoffice A
A profit, 10 cents. Fifty-four per A
A cent, of parcel post packages A
A weigh under four, ounces. Thir- A
A ty-four per cent, are transported A
A less than 150 miles. A
AAAAAAAAAAAA A A A
Washington. Postmaster General
Burleson appeared before the senate
committee on postoffice and post roads
to explain new regulations in the par
cel post service to become effective
August 15. He indicated that the serv
ice will ultimately be extended to
handle ioO-pound packages as demand
ed by various parcel post experts in
The promised development .of .the
parcel post service will mean the
practically complete absorption of the
express companies. ....
Senator Hoke Smith, a' member of
the committee, heartily approved the
changes, and, said . Mr. Burleson, was
entirely within the law in making
them. Because of the great Increase
in work put upon the rural letter car
rier by the parcel powt service, Sena
tor Smith has introduced a bill in
creasing their compensation to $1,200
Senator Hoke Smith, a member of
the postoffice committee, has from the
first sided with-the postmaster gen
eral in his parcel post reform. After
the hearing the senator said:
"I think the order is entirely with
in the authority given him by the act
adopted by the last congress, and
that it will greatly facilitate the use
of the parcel post and lessen the cost
on the people from one-third to one
half." REAFFIRM MONROE DOCTRINE
Resolution Aimed at Those With
Whom Caucasian Will Not Assimilate.
Washington. Representative Clark
of Florida introduced a concurrent res
olution reaffirming the Monroe doc
trine. It was directed particularly'
against "people with whom the Cau
casian cannot and will not assimi
late." "We hereby reaffirm what is
known as the Monroe doctrine in each
and every essential," the resolution
read, "and declare our unfaltering al
"In reaffirming the Monroe doc
trine," concludes the resolution, "we
do so with the earnest desire to main
tain peace and friendly relations with
every nation upon earth, but we can
not permit the further extension of
any colonization systems of Europe
an nations upon any territory of this
hemisphere, and particularly shall we
object to such colonization by peoples
with whom the Caucasian cannot and
will not assimilate."
60 Barrels of Liquor In Jail.
Decatur, Ala. Sixty barrels of whis
key, shiped from Chattanooga, Tenn.,
to various persons here, were attach
ed by Sheriff R. N. McCulIough and
locked in thee ounty jail here. " The
sheriff met the steamer carrying the
shipment before it had reached the
boundaries of Morgan county. As
goon as the line was crossed the sher
iff made the attachment.
Move Convicts Because of Riots.
Ossining, N. Y. Sixty convicts
the dregs of the New York criminal
class were taken one by one from
their cells in Sing Sing prison and
placed aboard a train for the state
prison at Auburn. Recent roits in
Sing Sing caused the warden to take
no ciiances. Each convict was heav
ily handcuffed and shackled and then
chained to his place in the railroad
car which had been brought inside
the prison enclosure. A hundred pris
on guards did this work while in the
state armory them ilitia waited.
R0BERTH. GITTINS .
i,- k- J
(t A ll
III U -Y if I
Mr. Glttlns, who now represents the
Fortieth New York district In con
gress, Is a Democrat and Uvea In
50 GIRLS AK CREMATED
THE FIRE SPREAD SO RAPIDLY
THAT IT WAS IMPOSSIBLE
FOR GIRLS TO ESCAPE
At First It Was Thought the Alarm
Was for Fire Drill and the Girls
Continued at Work. ,
Binghampton, N. Y. Fifty persons
were killed, and as many injured, a
dozen or more fatally, in a fire which
swept the four-story factory building
of the Binijamtgn Clothing company.
The vicfitoiSJvvere chiefly women and
girls. Tw5ty-two bodiel have been
recovered. " In the city hospital and In
private institutions are thirty injured.
Some two s,ore persons are known to
have escaped', as if by a miracle, from
the building, which burst into flame
like a tinderbox and became a roaring
furnace almost in no time after the
first alarm was souuded.
Around the scene of the catastro
phe, the greatest this city has ever
known, thousands watched the res
cuers work in the glare of three big
searchlights, many in the great throng
being restrained only by the closely
drawn police line from rushing into
the ruins to seek the bodies of rela
stive or friends.
As the ' ruins were cooled slightly,
from time to time in a spot upon which
the streams were centered, men went
forward to dig as long as human
endurance would allow; them to work.
Occasionally a body was t found
MAY INVOLVE THE POWERS
Action of Turkey in Reoccupying Ter
ritory Threatens War.
London. The European concert is
faced by a most delicate and difficult
suitation, requiring the exercise of
the utmost diplomatic tact, if Europe
is not to be plunged Into a general
war by the Turkish reoccupation of
Adrianople and Kirk Kilisseh.
Burgaria, helpless, sees the fruits
of her dearly won victories snatched
from her hand, and, while negotia
tions for an armistice are proceeding
in a leisurely manner at Nlsh, the
Greeks and Servians continue to push
The official announcement made at
Constantinople that- the Turkish
troops had reoccupied Adrianople
created the worst possible Impression
in diplomatic circles, and the powers
immediately began an exchange of
views to find the best means of check
mating Turkey's action.
South Carolina Detached.
Washington. President Wilson has
issued an executive order that the
state of South Carolina, now a part of
the"fourth internal revenue district of
North Carolina, be detached and here
after constitute one collection district
to be known as the district of South
Carnegie's Bomb Just Juicy Cheese.
Nek York. The mystery of the
bomb sent to Andrew Carnegie in
care of the seecretary of the Carnegie
corporation was solved. It was a juicy
cheese inclosed an smell-proof case
of zinc, a Scotch cheese, according to
an expert called Into conference after
the bureau hadvefe finitely determined
that the bomb contained neither nitro
glycerin, dynamite or other deadly ex
plosives. On a vacant lot officials of
the bureau of combustibles fired four
bullets from a safe distance through
the box before they opened it.
TO TAKE A REST
POLITE WAY TELLING MEXICAN
, AMBASSADOR SERVICES NO
IS TOO CLOSE TO HUERTA
President and Ambassador biffer on
the Mexican Situation. Holds Con
ference With Secretary Bryan. May
Spare Necessity of Mediation.
Washlngtn. Ambassador Henry
Lane Wilson, summoned from Mex
ico City to inform the Washington ad
ministration of conditions in the rebellion-torn
republic, talk for an
hour with President Wilson and Secre
tary Bryan, submitting chiefly a rec
ommendation that the United States
use its influence to stabilize the Huer
.." "No policy was evolved at least
none was announced, but it became
known that the President's ideas and
those of Ambassador Wilson's as to
the course to be pursued are 30 rad
ically different -'that Administration
officials interpreted the day's "devel
opments as forecasting the accep
tance of Ambassador Wilson's resig
President Wilson and the Ambas
sador regard the future of the Mexi
can situation, it was learned from op
posite viewpoints. The President is
concerned over the morality of any.
policy adopted by the United States
and its effect on other Latin-American
countries and Is disciplined to
strengthen a Government that came
into power through the questionable
events incident to Madero's assassina
tion. Ambassador Wilson, on the other
hand, is dispbsed to look at the sit
uation, not from past events, but
with the practical idea of the future.
He believes it is the business of the
Government to look to the future and
his suggestions have been in the di
rection of extending things to con
serve American interests. The inad
visability from a diplomatic stand
point of maintaining In Mexico City
a representative who would not be
sympathetic with the purpose of the
Wilson Administration In Washington
is said to have practically convinced
the President that the Embassy ; in
Mexico City had better be conducted
for the present by Nelson O'Shaugh
nessy, its first secretary, reputed here
as efficient and experienced.
Popular Election of Senator.
Washington. The senate receiveo.
its first notification of the election of
a senator by vote of tfte'people since
the adoption of the 17th amendment
to the constitution. Governor Slaton
of Georgia certified to the election of
Augustus Octavius Bacon, now a
member of the senate. Later Senator
Hoke Smith of Georgia escorted Sena
tor Bacon to the. rostrum where he
took the oath as , the first United
States senator elected by direct vote
of the people ...
Potato Tuber Moth A Menace.
Wastington. Warnings against a
pest that threatens every dinner table
in the land was issued by the depart
ment of agriculture against the potato-
tuber moth which is working havoc
with the potato crop in numerous
parts of the country and whose rav
ages threaten to prevent the planting
of the vegetable in many places for
the winter supply. The pest Is espe
cially prevalant in California and Tex
as, the department reports.
Raise Funds For Chinese Revolution.
New York. Nine Chinese business
men of New York are on their way
to. Boston, Chicago and other cities to
raise money for the support of the
revolutionary party in China. It was
said thaat similar action had been
taken among the Chinese in San
Francisco, who were sending out men
to raise money among the Chinese
residents of Western cities.
Off For Arctic Region. !
Teller, Port Clarence, Alaska.
Vilhjalmar Stefanson's Canadian Po
lar exploration expedition which will
spend three years in 'scientifc re
search work in the Arctic, set out for
its destination when the old whaler
Karluk sailed from Port Clarence
Bay. The Karluk was accompanied
by the gasoline schooner Mary Sacha.
The powerboat Alaska, which will be
used by Dr. R. MAnderson's south
ern party, remained at Port Clarence
to complete repairs and probably will
not leave for several days.
NEWS Or NORTH CAROLINA
Short Paragraphs of State News That
Has Been Condensed For Busy
People of State.
Scotland Neck. T. W. Russell ha
Jeen awarded the contract to. build
the new postoffice building on Main
jtreet and will begin work as soon as
ae can get the material on the ground.
Mr. Russell says he expects to have" it
sompleted by the first of October.
Burlington. F. L. Williamson, the
recently appointed postmaster of this
sity, has received his commission and
has entered upon the duties of his of
fice. C. H. Gates will be the assistant
postmaster and Robert .Riddle has
been added to the clerical force.
Charlotte. The report of Dr. F. O.
Hawley, superintendent of the city
and Mrs. W. O. Bibble,. city biologist,
of water taken from the city water
supply, the samples being taken from
the pipes July 22, 23 and 24, shows
that the water was well purified me
chanically and biologlcaliy,being free
from the colon group of bacteria and
containing a very small count of total
bacteria per jubic centimeter.
High Point. Gertrude Johnson, the
colored woman who stabbed Hattie
Hearn through the heart -with a pair
of scissors has been eent to jail to
await tne action or tne uunrora coun
ty grand jury. The altercation , took
place on a back street and there was
much conflicting testimony and about
the only thing certain was that ' the
dead woman came to" her death by
the scissors in the hand, of -he pris
oner. ' j
"Salisbury. R. O. Kizer, superinten
dent of public instruction for Rowan
county, is now . visiting the. various
school committees, advising with
them as to .-the election of teachers
for the approaching school term, of
the 14 townships four have chosen
teachers and 10 others will do so as
soon as the details can be arranged
and meetings 4e held with the , coun
Charlotte. In speaking" of the pro
posed co-operative creamery which la
being planned at Cornelius, Mr. R. W.
Graeber, county demonstration agent
for Mecklenburg stated that fine pre
press was being made and that some
200 cows were on the list as producers
of the raw material with about 150
more needed.: He was of the opinion
that the others would be' secured in
the near future. ,
Monroe. The Union county branch
of the State Just Freight Rate Asso
ciation was formed here recently
with S. 0. Blair, president; T. P. Dil
lon, vice president and V. G. Herndon,
secretary and treasurer. This action
was taken following strong speeches
by E. R. Preston and W. S. Crelghton
of Charlotte, who, before a large audi
ence, summed up the losses to the
state from discrminatory rates.
vRaleigh. The constitutional com
mission, which completed its work
July 17 and made its report July 18
to Governor Locke Craig, has been
issued. It is in pamphlet form and
will be sent to people over .the state
with a viewj.to acquainting them with
the work pf-'the 'commission and giv
ing them an opportunity to vote in
telligently upon such matters as are
treated If the-get by. the genera!
assembly. The printing Is done by
Uazell & Company, of ,: Raleigh.
Washington. George W. Waters
was recently recommended for post
master by Representative Small, as a
result of a .Democratic preferential
primary held" Itfiere recently. Mr,
Small has- returned afer a week's
visit to hi, home. The nominations of
the followjtfg postmasters were con
firmed by jthe. senate: -A. C. Link
Hickory; lTT." Sumner, Ahoskie; - D."
Earl Best, Warsa'w; John F. Saun
ders, Troy;. Daniel -Lv WIndley, Bel
haven. ' - "
Durham. The board of health met
in adjourned session and elected Dr
S, Spaulding Stirrett meat and mllS
inspector. He will take charge of hii
new duties in Durham on or before
August 1. He is now located in Char
lotte and comes1 to Durham highly
recommended. He has had practical
experience in the management ol
dairies and has also been connected
with some of the best markets of the
Greensboro. R. T. Amos, of High
Point, has brought suit against the
Southern Railway Company for $l,00fl
damage sto his automobile and $1,000
additional as punitive damages on ac
count of the collision of a frieght en
gine with his car in High Point a
few weeks ago.
Greensboro. "I want to see the
teachers of North Carolina become
Afffictivft leaders in the communities
In which they live," remarked Presf
dent Foust of the Normal College, it
announcing the close of the sunaxnei
, session and the Home Makers an!
Rural School Conference.