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11X0 a Ymt In Advance
"FOR GOD, FOR COUNTRY AND FOR TRUTH."
8lngJ CoplM, S CMita
PLYMOUTH, N. C, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1916.
BY SAFE PLURALITIES
SUMMARY OF WORK
OF 64TH CONGRESS
-V S DEMOCRATS LOSE GOVERNOR-
, SHIP, TWO SENATORS AND
r'-'K ) CONGRESSIONAL SEATS.
' ENDS HOTTEST CAMPAIGN
Reunion of Republican and Progressive
Parties Marked. State Legislature
Falls Wholly Under Control of the
Portland, Maine. Indications are
that the Republicans have won the
state election by safe pluralities.
If the ratio of the Republican mar
gin is maintained, Carl E. Klllikin will
be elected governor by about 11,000
Bert M. Pernald, Republican, seems
'. to have been elected for the short
flBrm in the United States Senate and
7 the same ratio of gain would give him
a plurality of 9,500.
United States Senator Charles . F.
Johnson. Democrat, apparently has
been defeated by Frederick Hale, by
an indicated plurality of 7,500
If the Republican congressional
candidates hold the lead they had at
latest report, three, Louis B. Goodall,
in the First District, Congressman
John A. Peters in the Third, and Ira G.
Herzy in the Fourth are elected. Con
gressman Daniel J. McGillicuddy,
Democrat, appeared to have been de
feated in the Second district by Wal
lace H. White, but this fight was close.
The total vote may prove to have
been the largest ever cast In the
The election was the culmination
of one of the hottest fights ever waged
- in the state and marked the reunion
'v of the Republican and Progressive par
ties, whose differences in 1912 gave
the, electoral vote of Maine to Presi
dent Wilson and two years later re
sulted in the election of Governor Oak
ley C. Curtis, a Democrat, by a plu
rality of 3,189. Tonight's figures indi
cate that the larger percentage of the
Progressive vote which two years ago
was 18,226, was cast for the Republi
Throughout the campaign in which
a great number.of men from all parts
of the country and drawn from Repub
lican, Democrats and Progressives par
ticipated. National issues were kept to
the forefront. The interest aroused to
gether with perfect election weather,
brought out one of the biggest votes
ever cast in the state and possibly
greater than has been known before.
CONFEREES TAKE NOTE OF
CONTROL CARRANZA SHOWS
Mexican Commissioners Present In
formation as to De Facto Govern
ment's Authority In Southern Re
public. New London, Conn. With the bor
der situation set aside temporarily, the
American-Mexican Joint commission,
devoted itself to determining the ex
tent of the control exercised in Mexico
by the de facto government, the infor
mation being supplied by the Mexi
can commissioners at the request of
their American conferees. It was
stated informally that upon the show
ing made by tho.Carranza government
rested the possibility that he Wash
ingon government would revoke its
warning to Americans to stay out of
Mexico and would encourage their re
turn to their properties there.
It was explained that the qaestion
of transportaion was vial to any re
sumotion of industry In Mexico and
jto show present conditions, the Mexi
can commissioners presented figures
from which the following conclusion
was drawn in a formal statement is
sued by Secretary Lane:
. "The data presented by the Mexi
can commissioners, indicates that the
government roads now are being oper
ated with a large degree of regularity
and that the roads owned hy private
companies are being turned over to
trese companies, the only exceptions
! sf the vyent time being a line in the
rvximl strict, one in the State of
IHcHIkM f the United Railways of
11 BtMUTlN PLACING
LAST SPAN OF BRIDGE
Quebec. With the loss of 11 lives
the second attempt to bridge the St.
Iawrenre river here resulted in a fail
ure whn the massive center span,
weiirhln 5.100 tons, suddenly col
la pafid and fell into the river. Of the
PO men caught on the span when it oc
ean to sway all were rescued except
11 ?,vA of these only four bodies have
been found. The span was being rais
ed from pontoons and was about 15
feet above the water.
BULGARIAN AND GERMAN FORCES
CAPTURE OLD FORTRESS SIL
ISTRAI ON DANUBE.
RUSSIANS SUFFER BIG LOSS
Rumanians Advance Against Aus
trian! Russians Fall in Attmpt to
Break Through Austrian Lines
Southeast of Lemburg.
London. Continuing their advance
in Western Dobrudja, the German and
Bulgarian forces have captured the old
Bulgarian fortress of Sillstrai, which
lies on the Eastern bank of the Dan
ube about 25 miles east of Bucharest,
the capital of Rumania and about an
equal distance south of v Constanza
Bucharest railway line. . The capture
of the fortress is announced by the
Berlin war office which asserts that
the Rumanians and Russians fighting
in Dobrudja apparently have suffered
very considerable losses during the
last few days.
In " the Banat.North of Orsova,
however, the Rumanians advanced
against the' Austrians- compelled the
Austrian right wing after it had push
ed them back two and a half miles, to
withdraw to fits -former position under
a strong counter-attack. Attempts by
the Rumanians to advance against
heights West of Csik Szereda were re
pulsed. In Southern Bukowina near
the Junction of the Hungarian and Ru
manian borders the Germans are in
contact with the Rumanians.
Attempts by the Russians to break
through the Austrian lines Southeast
of Lemberg, near Halicza, failed ac
cording to Vienna with heavy losses.
The Vienna statement mentions the
gallantry of he Turkish forces fight
ing with the Austrians in this region.
GEN. BLISS TO ASSIST
Secretary Baker Grants Request to
Permit Army Officers to Explain
Washington Secretary Baker grant
ed the request of the American-Mexican
comission to have MaJ. Gen. Task
er II. Bliss, assistant chief of staff, go
to New London, Conn., to give the
commissioners information that he has
gathered first-hand concerning the
military situation along" the Interna
The general is regarded as one of the
army's most competent authorities
on Mexican questions. As assistant
chief of staff he has more to do with
the administration of military opera
tions along the border than any other
officer except Major General Funston
and recently he completed a personal
inspection of all the border patrol mi
Pressure from political and business
quarters is being brought to bear upon
Secretary Baker and administration
officials generally to withdraw Na
tional Guard organizations from the
border. Members of Congress, busi
ness houses and friends and relatives
of guardsmen have deluged the de
partment the last few days with re
quests for the release of the militia.
THUS FAR 3,375,000
London. German casualties in the
war during the month of August ac
cording to a compilation here from the
German casualty lists, totaled 240,900.
This brings the German total since
the beginning of the war, as compiled
from the same sources to 3,375.000.
These figures Include all the German
nationalities, but do not include the
naval and" colonial casualties.
The detailed figures for the month
of August follows:
Killed, 42.100; prisoners, 1,800;
missing, 42,900; wounded, 153,500; to
Detailed figures for the period of
the war to the end of August, 1916:
Killed 832,000; prisoners, 165,000;
missing, 234.000; wounded, 2,144,000.
BRITISH TROOPS ENGAGED
IN HEAVIEST OF FIGHTING
London. British troops have been
engaged in the heaviest kind of fight
ing along a 3 1-2 mile front on the
Somme, extending from High wood to
Lguzs wood and have captured Ginchy,
which lies almost directly north of
Combles, and all the ground between
Ginchy and Leuze wood. On a front
of more than a quarter mile the Brit
ish gained 300 yards east of High wood
and northeast of Pozieres captured 600
yards of German trenches.
CONGRESS ENDS SESSION
EMERGENCY REVENUE BILL
CONFERENCE AGREEMENT IS
Purchase of Danish West Indies For
$2,000,000 Was Ratified by Senate
Both Houses Hold Protracted
Washington Congress adjourned
Friday morning at 10 o'clock. After
nine months devoted to legislation
both houses held protrated sessions
Thursday night to wind up their of
fairs by approving the conference
agreement on the emergency revenue
bill to raise approximately $200,000,
000, desired by the Administration to
meet the extraordinary appropria
tions for national defense and the
The last apropriation measure, the
general deficiency bill, was adopted
by both houses while waiting for the
conference report on the revenue bill,
and the senate ratified the Danish
treaty to provide for purchase of the
Danish West Indies for $25,000,000.
The Owen corrupt practices bill to
limit campaign expenditures and the
immigration bill which President Wil-
sin had announced he would veto if
passed, were put aside and will bbe
taken up and pressed to a vote early
in the December session.
The revenue bill as it went to Pres
ident Wilson for approval contained
drastic provision empowering the
President to retaliate against foreign
interference with American com
merce, creates a non-partisan tariff
commission, Increases the duties on
dyestuffs to encourage their manu
facture in the United States, provides
means to prevent dumping of cheap
foreign-made goods into American
markets after the war and provides
for income, inheritance, munitions,
corporation stock, liquor and miscel
laneous internal revenue taxes.
GOMPERS AND BURLESON
ATTACKED BY SHERMAN.
Senator in Bitter Partisan Speech
Wages Political War on Labor
Chief and Postmaster General.
Washington. Senator Sherman re
newed his attack on President Sam
uel Gompers of the American Feder
ation of Labor, during debate on the
Owen ijrrupt practice bill in the
senate, declaring the labor leader and
Postmaster. General Burleson were
the two most prominent figures on
the Democratic side of the Presiden
tial campaign. Mr. Gompers, he said,
was to deliver the 2,000,000 labor
votes to the Democrats while Mr.
Burleson used the postmasters of the
country "to fry fat" for it.
Senator Sherman quoted from a
Texas newspaper of 1909 to show
that Mr. Burleson then was part
owner of a ranch where hundreds of
convict laborers were employed. In
1911, he said, the foreman of the
ranch was tried for causing the death
of a negro convict who 'had been
whipped, but was acquitted and in
1913 was appointed, postmaster at
AUSTRIANS, MENACED BY
Vienna, via London. Austrian
troops have withdrawn before threat
ening Rumanian envelopment to the
heights west of Olah Toplitza, south
of Dorna Watra and 20 miles west of
the Rumanian border, says the offi
cial statement Issued at the Austro
Hungarian headquarters. On the
Russian front the Austrian troops be
tween the Zlota Llpa and the Dnlster
River also have been withdrawn.
FRENCH MAKE BIG GAINS
DRIVE MEN FURTHER INTO GBR-
MAN LINE ALONG SOMME
Berlin Admits Loss of Clery In Gala
cia Russians Have Taken . About
5,000 Prisoners Fighting Near Lem
berg. London. While their compatriots
were busy north of the Somme ward
ing off German counter-attacks or en
gaged in artillery duels, the French,
south of the River, drove their men
farther into the German lines for note
In stubborn fighting over a front
of four miles below Vermandovillers
and Chilly the Germans have been
forced to give up the northern portion
of Vermandovillers; while the French
have occupied the outskirts of the
railway junction town of Chaulnes to
Roye, between Chaulnes and Chilly.
To the north, operations of the
French with Barleux, and ultimately
Peronne as their objective, also met
with success. Southeast of Belloy-en-Santerre
further German trenches
were captured and most of the village
to Berny-en-Santerre fell into French
hands. ' Paris says the number of
prisoners taken apparently was large.
Berlin admits the loss of Clery
which lies a short distance northwest
In Galicla on the front of the Zlota
Lipa and Dniester Rivers the Rus
sians have driven the Teutonic Allies
from fortified positions and have tak
en 4,500 prisoners, among them about
2,000 Germans. Berlin concedes a vic
tory to the Russians in this region.
! Violent fighting continues around
Brzeany, southeast of Lemberg, but
here Berlin says the Russians have
suffered heavy losses and have made
no advance. Russian attacks near
Sborow, northern Galicla, and in Vol
hynia, also failed, according to Berlin.
SUFFRAGE BODY WILL
CONTINUE DUAL CAMPAIGN
Vote Support In Seeking Both National
and State Legislation.
Atlantic City, N. J. The National
Woman Suffrage Association by an
overwhelming vote decided to con
tinue its present policy of working for
equal rights" through both National
and State legislation. The vote was
taken after a long debate and no soon
er had the applause that greeted the
announcement of the action taken
ceased than a resolution was present
ed which threatens to open again the
Virtually all the speakers declared
for strict neutrality in the presidential
campaign and to continue the non
partisan efforts of the association to
bring about equal suffrage throughout
the United States.
Women from every state in the
Union are attending the forty-eighth
annual convention of the association
which was called two months in ad
vance of its regular meeting because
of the national political campaign.
COFFIN GIVES CLUE
TO WRECKED ZEPPELIN
London. The number of the Zeppe
lin wrecked in the recent aerial at
tack on London was disclosed for the
first time at the funeral of the victim
in the inscription on the coffin contain
ing the body of the commander. The
airship was the L-21.
The only coffin marked was that of
the commander and it bore these
words: "An unknown German officer
killed while commanding the L-21,
teptomber 2. 1916."
ANXIOUS FOR REST OR PART IN
THE NATIONAL CAMPAIGN
Gives Notice Remainder of Railroad
Program Will Be Pressed Next Ses
sion. Three Other Important Meas
ures Go Over.
- Washington. Adjournment of Con
gress was quickly followed by a gen
eral exodus of members hastening
homeward for rest or the national
While the closing saw the adminis
tration legislative program mainly
completed some things wait to be
continued at the winter session notably
the remainder of the president's pro
gram of railroad legislation which was
partially enacted to prevent the threat
ened strike. In a formal statement
President Wilson speaking ot the work
of Congress, gave notice that the re
mainder of the railroad program would
be passed at the new session.
The president's statement was as
"A very remarkable session of Con
gress has Just closed, full, as all re
cent sessions of the Congress have
been of helpful and humane legislation
which constitutes contributions of cap
ital importance to the defense, the eco
nomic progress and the wholesome life
of the country.
"It is to be regretted that the ses
sion could not have continued long
enough to complete the program re
cently projected with regard to the ac
commodention of labor disputes be
tween the railways and the employes,
but it was not feasible in the circum
stances to continue the session any
longer and therefore only the most Im
mediately pressing parts of the pro
gram could Be completed.
"The rest, it is agreed, has merely
been postponed until it can be more
maturely deliberated and perfected.
I have every reason to believe that it
is the purpose of the leaders of the
two houses immediately upon the re
assembling of Congress to undertake
this additional legislation. It is evi
dent that the country should be re
lieved of the anxiety which must have
been created by recent events with re
gard to the future accommodation of
The immigration bill, the corrupt
practices bill and the bill to permit
combinations of American exporters to
meet foreign competition abroad went
The closing hours of Congress were
remarkably quiet. Only the presence
of the president in his room, near the
Senate chamber, served to attract in
terest to what otherwise would have
been an uneventful ending of an event
IN GREAT BATTLE WITH FOE
Latest Country to Enter European War
Scene of Chief Conflict Now Raging.
London. Rumania , which entered
the European war less than two weeks
ago, now is the scene of a great bat
tle between Russo-Rumanian forces
nd armies of the Central Powers. The
soutren part of Dobrudja or eastern
Rumania, has become a fighting ground
and the cpnclng armies are engaged
from the Black Sea to the Danube
along a front of about 70 miles.
Bulgarian and Turkish troops ar
riving along the Black Sea coast have
occupied Baltjik and two other sea
ports, Sofia reports, and the fortress
of Dobritch or Bazardjik, 50 miles
southeast of Bucharest, has been taken
by a combined Bulgar-German force.
The Rumanians continue their of
fensive in eastern Transylvania and
also have occupied the important
town of Orsova on the Danube, above
the Iron Gate. Advancing from Csik
Szereda in Thansylvania north of
Kronstadt. the Rumanians are driv
ing westward and Vienna admits the
withdrawal of Austrian forces before
attacks against Ilergitta.
BAKERS WOULD QUIT
MAKING 5-CENT LOAF
Chicago. Recommendations to ell
bakers of the United States that the
5-cent loaf of bread be abandoned and
the 10-cent loaf standardized, were
made after considerable discussion at
the closing session of the executive
committee of the National Association
of Master Bakers. They urged that the
recommendations be put into effect im
mediately. Economic waste incident
to the manufacture of the 5-cent loa
was emphasized as a reason.
RECORD OF CONSTRUCTIVE LEG
ISLATION BY CONGRESS IS
GREATEST IN HISTORY.
MANY IMPORTANT MEASURES
Total of Appropriations $1,626,439,209
With Additional Contracts Amount
ing to $231,945,275. Items Are
Eneumerated. Some Big Bills.
Washington, D. C. A record of con
structive legislation, Improving the
advantages of the people all along the
line is that of the 64th Congress
which has just ended.
The total of the appropriations,
specifically made, is $1,626,439,209.63.
In addition to this congress has au
thorized contracts to be entered into
obligating appropriations in the fu
ture of $231,845,275.20. These con
tracts include $225,266,325.20 for na
val and coast defense purposes, while
the remainder, $6,678,950 is for or-'
dinary objects of Government.
The appropriations for military aad
naval purposes and for additional sea
coast defenses alone amount to $685,
709,823.09. This sum, with the con
tracts authorized, brings the total for
preparedness to $910,976,148.29. How
ever, there is still more to be added
to the preparedness. . Congress has
authorized 90 additional war vessels
to be constructed in the next three
years, which will cost $295,000,000 ad
ditional when they are completed and
in commission. This brings the grand '
total for the preparedness legislation
of this congress to $1,205,976,148.29.
The appropriations are distributed
as follows for preparedness:
Army appropriation act, $267,596,
Naval appropriation act, $313,300,
555.84. Fortification appropriation act, $25,
747,550. Military Academy act, $1,225,043.57.
Sundry civil appropriation act:
Armories and arsenals, $4,683,495;
military posts, $1,616,000; military
surveys, $35,000 ; Panama Canal for
Deficiency appropriations, military
and naval establishments $46,770,
648.58; National Guard camps, $200,
000;' nitrate plant, $200,000,000.
Investigations have been started to
ascertain where the nitrate plants are
to be located. The plan contemplated
when this provision was accepted by
Congress was to place the plants at
convenient sections of the country
where they would supply the needs of
agriculture with fertilizer, easily dis
tributed, and also be ready for uuse
In time of wor in the manufacture of
munitions. One of the plants will be
in the south.
New government activities will be
looked upon in the future among the
notable achievements of the finest
session of the sixty-fourth congress.
For these a total of $73,719,700 is
appropriated, to be used as follows:
To encourage, develop and create
a naval auxiliary and naval reserve
nd a merchant marine, $50,100,000;
federal aid in the construction of
good roads, $6,000,000; establishment
of federal farm loan banks, $6,206,
000; federal employes' compensation
commission, $550,000; tariff commis
sion, $300,000; construction of rail
roads in Alaska to develop its coal
fields, $8,247,620; expenses of collecting
the income tax, $1,828,000; federal
trade commission, $444,080; eight
hour day commission, $50,000.
Included in the legislation of the
session just closed are the following
Reorganization of the army.
Vast increases in the navy and for
tifications. A government controlled merchant
Exclusion of products of child la
bor from interstate commerce.
A system of rural credits, assuring
the farmer of his ability to borrow
money upon his asset at 6 per cent.
Adequate compensation for work
men injured in government employ
ment. A fuller measure of independence
for the Philippines.
An eight-hour day on the railroads.
Eighty-five million dollars for good
Established official grain standards
applicable to grain shipped in Inter
state or foreign commerce.
A uniform cystem of bills of lading.
Amended the federal reserve act to
make it more generally applicable.
A tariff commission.
Levies upon dyestuffs.
Retaliation for unfair trade meth
yls by foreign countries.
Government armor plate plant.
Increased interest-bearing accounts