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The Roanoke beacon. (Plymouth, N.C.) 1889-1929, September 15, 1916, Image 1

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V o 11X0 a Ymt In Advance "FOR GOD, FOR COUNTRY AND FOR TRUTH." 8lngJ CoplM, S CMita vol. xxvn. PLYMOUTH, N. C, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1916. NO. 11. TEUTONIC ALLIES TAKE FORTRESS Gin hi BY SAFE PLURALITIES CONGRESSMEN ALL SUMMARY OF WORK OF 64TH CONGRESS GOOSE PIMPLES 0 Ml -V S DEMOCRATS LOSE GOVERNOR- , SHIP, TWO SENATORS AND r'-'K ) CONGRESSIONAL SEATS. ' ENDS HOTTEST CAMPAIGN Reunion of Republican and Progressive Parties Marked. State Legislature Falls Wholly Under Control of the Republicans. t Portland, Maine. Indications are that the Republicans have won the state election by safe pluralities. If the ratio of the Republican mar gin is maintained, Carl E. Klllikin will be elected governor by about 11,000 plurality. Bert M. Pernald, Republican, seems '. to have been elected for the short flBrm in the United States Senate and 7 the same ratio of gain would give him a plurality of 9,500. United States Senator Charles . F. Johnson. Democrat, apparently has been defeated by Frederick Hale, by an indicated plurality of 7,500 If the Republican congressional candidates hold the lead they had at latest report, three, Louis B. Goodall, in the First District, Congressman John A. Peters in the Third, and Ira G. Herzy in the Fourth are elected. Con gressman Daniel J. McGillicuddy, Democrat, appeared to have been de feated in the Second district by Wal lace H. White, but this fight was close. The total vote may prove to have been the largest ever cast In the state. The election was the culmination of one of the hottest fights ever waged - in the state and marked the reunion 'v of the Republican and Progressive par ties, whose differences in 1912 gave the, electoral vote of Maine to Presi dent Wilson and two years later re sulted in the election of Governor Oak ley C. Curtis, a Democrat, by a plu rality of 3,189. Tonight's figures indi cate that the larger percentage of the Progressive vote which two years ago was 18,226, was cast for the Republi can ticket. Throughout the campaign in which a great number.of men from all parts of the country and drawn from Repub lican, Democrats and Progressives par ticipated. National issues were kept to the forefront. The interest aroused to gether with perfect election weather, brought out one of the biggest votes ever cast in the state and possibly greater than has been known before. CONFEREES TAKE NOTE OF CONTROL CARRANZA SHOWS Mexican Commissioners Present In formation as to De Facto Govern ment's Authority In Southern Re public. New London, Conn. With the bor der situation set aside temporarily, the American-Mexican Joint commission, devoted itself to determining the ex tent of the control exercised in Mexico by the de facto government, the infor mation being supplied by the Mexi can commissioners at the request of their American conferees. It was stated informally that upon the show ing made by tho.Carranza government rested the possibility that he Wash ingon government would revoke its warning to Americans to stay out of Mexico and would encourage their re turn to their properties there. It was explained that the qaestion of transportaion was vial to any re sumotion of industry In Mexico and jto show present conditions, the Mexi can commissioners presented figures from which the following conclusion was drawn in a formal statement is sued by Secretary Lane: . "The data presented by the Mexi can commissioners, indicates that the government roads now are being oper ated with a large degree of regularity and that the roads owned hy private companies are being turned over to trese companies, the only exceptions ! sf the vyent time being a line in the rvximl strict, one in the State of IHcHIkM f the United Railways of L' 11 BtMUTlN PLACING LAST SPAN OF BRIDGE Quebec. With the loss of 11 lives the second attempt to bridge the St. Iawrenre river here resulted in a fail ure whn the massive center span, weiirhln 5.100 tons, suddenly col la pafid and fell into the river. Of the PO men caught on the span when it oc ean to sway all were rescued except 11 ?,vA of these only four bodies have been found. The span was being rais ed from pontoons and was about 15 feet above the water. BULGARIAN AND GERMAN FORCES CAPTURE OLD FORTRESS SIL ISTRAI ON DANUBE. RUSSIANS SUFFER BIG LOSS Rumanians Advance Against Aus trian! Russians Fall in Attmpt to Break Through Austrian Lines Southeast of Lemburg. London. Continuing their advance in Western Dobrudja, the German and Bulgarian forces have captured the old Bulgarian fortress of Sillstrai, which lies on the Eastern bank of the Dan ube about 25 miles east of Bucharest, the capital of Rumania and about an equal distance south of v Constanza Bucharest railway line. . The capture of the fortress is announced by the Berlin war office which asserts that the Rumanians and Russians fighting in Dobrudja apparently have suffered very considerable losses during the last few days. In " the Banat.North of Orsova, however, the Rumanians advanced against the' Austrians- compelled the Austrian right wing after it had push ed them back two and a half miles, to withdraw to fits -former position under a strong counter-attack. Attempts by the Rumanians to advance against heights West of Csik Szereda were re pulsed. In Southern Bukowina near the Junction of the Hungarian and Ru manian borders the Germans are in contact with the Rumanians. Attempts by the Russians to break through the Austrian lines Southeast of Lemberg, near Halicza, failed ac cording to Vienna with heavy losses. The Vienna statement mentions the gallantry of he Turkish forces fight ing with the Austrians in this region. GEN. BLISS TO ASSIST BORDER COMMISSION Secretary Baker Grants Request to Permit Army Officers to Explain Military Conditions. Washington Secretary Baker grant ed the request of the American-Mexican comission to have MaJ. Gen. Task er II. Bliss, assistant chief of staff, go to New London, Conn., to give the commissioners information that he has gathered first-hand concerning the military situation along" the Interna tional border. The general is regarded as one of the army's most competent authorities on Mexican questions. As assistant chief of staff he has more to do with the administration of military opera tions along the border than any other officer except Major General Funston and recently he completed a personal inspection of all the border patrol mi litia camp. Pressure from political and business quarters is being brought to bear upon Secretary Baker and administration officials generally to withdraw Na tional Guard organizations from the border. Members of Congress, busi ness houses and friends and relatives of guardsmen have deluged the de partment the last few days with re quests for the release of the militia. GERMAN CASUALTIES THUS FAR 3,375,000 London. German casualties in the war during the month of August ac cording to a compilation here from the German casualty lists, totaled 240,900. This brings the German total since the beginning of the war, as compiled from the same sources to 3,375.000. These figures Include all the German nationalities, but do not include the naval and" colonial casualties. The detailed figures for the month of August follows: Killed, 42.100; prisoners, 1,800; missing, 42,900; wounded, 153,500; to tal 240,900. Detailed figures for the period of the war to the end of August, 1916: Killed 832,000; prisoners, 165,000; missing, 234.000; wounded, 2,144,000. Total 3,375,000. BRITISH TROOPS ENGAGED IN HEAVIEST OF FIGHTING London. British troops have been engaged in the heaviest kind of fight ing along a 3 1-2 mile front on the Somme, extending from High wood to Lguzs wood and have captured Ginchy, which lies almost directly north of Combles, and all the ground between Ginchy and Leuze wood. On a front of more than a quarter mile the Brit ish gained 300 yards east of High wood and northeast of Pozieres captured 600 yards of German trenches. (Copyright.) CONGRESS ENDS SESSION EMERGENCY REVENUE BILL CONFERENCE AGREEMENT IS APPROVED. Purchase of Danish West Indies For $2,000,000 Was Ratified by Senate Both Houses Hold Protracted Night Session. Washington Congress adjourned Friday morning at 10 o'clock. After nine months devoted to legislation both houses held protrated sessions Thursday night to wind up their of fairs by approving the conference agreement on the emergency revenue bill to raise approximately $200,000, 000, desired by the Administration to meet the extraordinary appropria tions for national defense and the Mexican emergency. The last apropriation measure, the general deficiency bill, was adopted by both houses while waiting for the conference report on the revenue bill, and the senate ratified the Danish treaty to provide for purchase of the Danish West Indies for $25,000,000. The Owen corrupt practices bill to limit campaign expenditures and the immigration bill which President Wil- sin had announced he would veto if passed, were put aside and will bbe taken up and pressed to a vote early in the December session. The revenue bill as it went to Pres ident Wilson for approval contained drastic provision empowering the President to retaliate against foreign interference with American com merce, creates a non-partisan tariff commission, Increases the duties on dyestuffs to encourage their manu facture in the United States, provides means to prevent dumping of cheap foreign-made goods into American markets after the war and provides for income, inheritance, munitions, corporation stock, liquor and miscel laneous internal revenue taxes. GOMPERS AND BURLESON ATTACKED BY SHERMAN. Senator in Bitter Partisan Speech Wages Political War on Labor Chief and Postmaster General. Washington. Senator Sherman re newed his attack on President Sam uel Gompers of the American Feder ation of Labor, during debate on the Owen ijrrupt practice bill in the senate, declaring the labor leader and Postmaster. General Burleson were the two most prominent figures on the Democratic side of the Presiden tial campaign. Mr. Gompers, he said, was to deliver the 2,000,000 labor votes to the Democrats while Mr. Burleson used the postmasters of the country "to fry fat" for it. Senator Sherman quoted from a Texas newspaper of 1909 to show that Mr. Burleson then was part owner of a ranch where hundreds of convict laborers were employed. In 1911, he said, the foreman of the ranch was tried for causing the death of a negro convict who 'had been whipped, but was acquitted and in 1913 was appointed, postmaster at Longview, Texas. AUSTRIANS, MENACED BY RUMANIANS, WITHDRAW. Vienna, via London. Austrian troops have withdrawn before threat ening Rumanian envelopment to the heights west of Olah Toplitza, south of Dorna Watra and 20 miles west of the Rumanian border, says the offi cial statement Issued at the Austro Hungarian headquarters. On the Russian front the Austrian troops be tween the Zlota Llpa and the Dnlster River also have been withdrawn. FRENCH MAKE BIG GAINS DRIVE MEN FURTHER INTO GBR- MAN LINE ALONG SOMME RIVER. Berlin Admits Loss of Clery In Gala cia Russians Have Taken . About 5,000 Prisoners Fighting Near Lem berg. London. While their compatriots were busy north of the Somme ward ing off German counter-attacks or en gaged in artillery duels, the French, south of the River, drove their men farther into the German lines for note worthy gains. In stubborn fighting over a front of four miles below Vermandovillers and Chilly the Germans have been forced to give up the northern portion of Vermandovillers; while the French have occupied the outskirts of the railway junction town of Chaulnes to Roye, between Chaulnes and Chilly. To the north, operations of the French with Barleux, and ultimately Peronne as their objective, also met with success. Southeast of Belloy-en-Santerre further German trenches were captured and most of the village to Berny-en-Santerre fell into French hands. ' Paris says the number of prisoners taken apparently was large. Berlin admits the loss of Clery which lies a short distance northwest of Peronne. In Galicla on the front of the Zlota Lipa and Dniester Rivers the Rus sians have driven the Teutonic Allies from fortified positions and have tak en 4,500 prisoners, among them about 2,000 Germans. Berlin concedes a vic tory to the Russians in this region. ! Violent fighting continues around Brzeany, southeast of Lemberg, but here Berlin says the Russians have suffered heavy losses and have made no advance. Russian attacks near Sborow, northern Galicla, and in Vol hynia, also failed, according to Berlin. SUFFRAGE BODY WILL CONTINUE DUAL CAMPAIGN Vote Support In Seeking Both National and State Legislation. Atlantic City, N. J. The National Woman Suffrage Association by an overwhelming vote decided to con tinue its present policy of working for equal rights" through both National and State legislation. The vote was taken after a long debate and no soon er had the applause that greeted the announcement of the action taken ceased than a resolution was present ed which threatens to open again the whole question. Virtually all the speakers declared for strict neutrality in the presidential campaign and to continue the non partisan efforts of the association to bring about equal suffrage throughout the United States. Women from every state in the Union are attending the forty-eighth annual convention of the association which was called two months in ad vance of its regular meeting because of the national political campaign. COFFIN GIVES CLUE TO WRECKED ZEPPELIN London. The number of the Zeppe lin wrecked in the recent aerial at tack on London was disclosed for the first time at the funeral of the victim in the inscription on the coffin contain ing the body of the commander. The airship was the L-21. The only coffin marked was that of the commander and it bore these words: "An unknown German officer killed while commanding the L-21, teptomber 2. 1916." ANXIOUS FOR REST OR PART IN THE NATIONAL CAMPAIGN WORK. PRESIDENT'S STATEMENT Gives Notice Remainder of Railroad Program Will Be Pressed Next Ses sion. Three Other Important Meas ures Go Over. - Washington. Adjournment of Con gress was quickly followed by a gen eral exodus of members hastening homeward for rest or the national political campaign. While the closing saw the adminis tration legislative program mainly completed some things wait to be continued at the winter session notably the remainder of the president's pro gram of railroad legislation which was partially enacted to prevent the threat ened strike. In a formal statement President Wilson speaking ot the work of Congress, gave notice that the re mainder of the railroad program would be passed at the new session. The president's statement was as follows : "A very remarkable session of Con gress has Just closed, full, as all re cent sessions of the Congress have been of helpful and humane legislation which constitutes contributions of cap ital importance to the defense, the eco nomic progress and the wholesome life of the country. "It is to be regretted that the ses sion could not have continued long enough to complete the program re cently projected with regard to the ac commodention of labor disputes be tween the railways and the employes, but it was not feasible in the circum stances to continue the session any longer and therefore only the most Im mediately pressing parts of the pro gram could Be completed. "The rest, it is agreed, has merely been postponed until it can be more maturely deliberated and perfected. I have every reason to believe that it is the purpose of the leaders of the two houses immediately upon the re assembling of Congress to undertake this additional legislation. It is evi dent that the country should be re lieved of the anxiety which must have been created by recent events with re gard to the future accommodation of such disputes." The immigration bill, the corrupt practices bill and the bill to permit combinations of American exporters to meet foreign competition abroad went over). The closing hours of Congress were remarkably quiet. Only the presence of the president in his room, near the Senate chamber, served to attract in terest to what otherwise would have been an uneventful ending of an event ful Congrss. RUSSO-RUMANIAN FORCES IN GREAT BATTLE WITH FOE Latest Country to Enter European War Scene of Chief Conflict Now Raging. London. Rumania , which entered the European war less than two weeks ago, now is the scene of a great bat tle between Russo-Rumanian forces nd armies of the Central Powers. The soutren part of Dobrudja or eastern Rumania, has become a fighting ground and the cpnclng armies are engaged from the Black Sea to the Danube along a front of about 70 miles. Bulgarian and Turkish troops ar riving along the Black Sea coast have occupied Baltjik and two other sea ports, Sofia reports, and the fortress of Dobritch or Bazardjik, 50 miles southeast of Bucharest, has been taken by a combined Bulgar-German force. The Rumanians continue their of fensive in eastern Transylvania and also have occupied the important town of Orsova on the Danube, above the Iron Gate. Advancing from Csik Szereda in Thansylvania north of Kronstadt. the Rumanians are driv ing westward and Vienna admits the withdrawal of Austrian forces before attacks against Ilergitta. BAKERS WOULD QUIT MAKING 5-CENT LOAF Chicago. Recommendations to ell bakers of the United States that the 5-cent loaf of bread be abandoned and the 10-cent loaf standardized, were made after considerable discussion at the closing session of the executive committee of the National Association of Master Bakers. They urged that the recommendations be put into effect im mediately. Economic waste incident to the manufacture of the 5-cent loa was emphasized as a reason. RECORD OF CONSTRUCTIVE LEG ISLATION BY CONGRESS IS GREATEST IN HISTORY. MANY IMPORTANT MEASURES Total of Appropriations $1,626,439,209 With Additional Contracts Amount ing to $231,945,275. Items Are Eneumerated. Some Big Bills. Washington, D. C. A record of con structive legislation, Improving the advantages of the people all along the line is that of the 64th Congress which has just ended. The total of the appropriations, specifically made, is $1,626,439,209.63. In addition to this congress has au thorized contracts to be entered into obligating appropriations in the fu ture of $231,845,275.20. These con tracts include $225,266,325.20 for na val and coast defense purposes, while the remainder, $6,678,950 is for or-' dinary objects of Government. The appropriations for military aad naval purposes and for additional sea coast defenses alone amount to $685, 709,823.09. This sum, with the con tracts authorized, brings the total for preparedness to $910,976,148.29. How ever, there is still more to be added to the preparedness. . Congress has authorized 90 additional war vessels to be constructed in the next three years, which will cost $295,000,000 ad ditional when they are completed and in commission. This brings the grand ' total for the preparedness legislation of this congress to $1,205,976,148.29. The appropriations are distributed as follows for preparedness: Army appropriation act, $267,596, 530.10. Naval appropriation act, $313,300, 555.84. Fortification appropriation act, $25, 747,550. Military Academy act, $1,225,043.57. Sundry civil appropriation act: Armories and arsenals, $4,683,495; military posts, $1,616,000; military surveys, $35,000 ; Panama Canal for tifications, $4,535,000. Deficiency appropriations, military and naval establishments $46,770, 648.58; National Guard camps, $200, 000;' nitrate plant, $200,000,000. Investigations have been started to ascertain where the nitrate plants are to be located. The plan contemplated when this provision was accepted by Congress was to place the plants at convenient sections of the country where they would supply the needs of agriculture with fertilizer, easily dis tributed, and also be ready for uuse In time of wor in the manufacture of munitions. One of the plants will be in the south. New government activities will be looked upon in the future among the notable achievements of the finest session of the sixty-fourth congress. For these a total of $73,719,700 is appropriated, to be used as follows: To encourage, develop and create a naval auxiliary and naval reserve nd a merchant marine, $50,100,000; federal aid in the construction of good roads, $6,000,000; establishment of federal farm loan banks, $6,206, 000; federal employes' compensation commission, $550,000; tariff commis sion, $300,000; construction of rail roads in Alaska to develop its coal fields, $8,247,620; expenses of collecting the income tax, $1,828,000; federal trade commission, $444,080; eight hour day commission, $50,000. Included in the legislation of the session just closed are the following Items: Reorganization of the army. Vast increases in the navy and for tifications. A government controlled merchant marine. Exclusion of products of child la bor from interstate commerce. A system of rural credits, assuring the farmer of his ability to borrow money upon his asset at 6 per cent. Adequate compensation for work men injured in government employ ment. A fuller measure of independence for the Philippines. An eight-hour day on the railroads. Eighty-five million dollars for good roads. Established official grain standards applicable to grain shipped in Inter state or foreign commerce. A uniform cystem of bills of lading. Amended the federal reserve act to make it more generally applicable. A tariff commission. Levies upon dyestuffs. Retaliation for unfair trade meth yls by foreign countries. Government armor plate plant. Increased interest-bearing accounts

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