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INCREASE IN DAIRY PROFITS
Breeders Find It More Profitable to
Have Cows Freshen in Fall
More Milk Produced.
Because more milk would be pro
duced In the year and calves would be
raised cheaper, farmers find It most
profitable to have their cows freshen
In the fall months. Cows bred now will
drop calves by early fall.
The cow gives a large flow of milk
at the beginning of the period of lac
tation. In the spring the milk yield,
which gradually falls off, Is suddenly
Increased when the cow Is turned on
Calves born In the fall need mainly
milk and eat little grain during the
period of winter feeding. When spring
comes they are ready to be turned on
pasture. Spring calves consume milk
and grain during the cheap pasture ,
season and require the same high- ,
priced feeds during the following win-
lei, mini mcj' uic uiun ttiiu uius cui
more. The fall-born calf at the same
age needs only pasture.
At the Ohio experiment station
some calves born In the fall were
raised for about $5 less than others
born In the spring. Under average
farm conditions this difference would
be fed to fall-born calves on pasture,
while those at the station were given
grain because of a shortage of pasture.
SKIM MILK FOR DAIRY CALVES
Found to Be Nearly Equal in Value to
Whole Milk in Experiment at
North Dakota Station.
In feeding the dairy calf, the aim Is
to cut down the period of whole milk
feeding. At the North Dakota ex
periment station, two lots of four
calves each were fed as follows : Whole
milk first three weeks both lots. From
then on lot A was fed one-half whole
milk and one-half skim milk till six
months old. Lot B, after three weeks
old, was fed skim milk with flaxseed.
Just enough flax was added to supply '
as much fat as was given the calves in
lot A In their whole milk. Each calf
Promising Young Holstein.
was given two gallons of milk a day.
The whole milk calves made the best iess handling of the vaccine may result
gains the first three months but during in spreading instead of controlling the
the next three months the skim milk disease.
calves nearly caught up, the four lack- ! The cause of anthrax is a minute
ing but 15 pounds of weighing as much I germ 'which multiplies rapidly in the
as the whole milk calves, and several jy, especially in the blood, and pro
expert cattlemen who examined the (nces poisonous substances which or
two lots pronounced the calves in lot dinarily cause death. The symptoms
B In as thrifty a condition as those in 0f the 'disease resemble, in certain re
lot A. The saving in using skim milk pects. those of tick fever and black
and flax in place of the whole milk ieg- The (iifferences which will en
amounted to $10 per calf for the six: abe stock owners to distinguish it
month period. The grain and hay cost from them are described In detail in
the same for both lots.
NO CURE YET FOR ABORTION
Rare Opportunity Offered Proprietary
Remedy Sharks Handle the
(By GEORGE II. GLOVER, Colorado Ag
rfrultural Colletre, Fort Collins, Colo.)
The proprietary remedy sharks
have found in contagious abortion a
rare opportunity. Beyond the appro
priate handling of the herd and dis
infection there Is nothing to offer at
this time. The following brief state
ment is found in a recent United Statea j
department of agriculture folder: "It j
should be understood that no effective
cure for contaRioim abortion has yet
been found. Do not depend on drugs
and proprietary remedies."
CLEAN MILK WINNING FIGHT
Making Gains Because of Demands of
People Takes Good Dairy to
; Score 75 Per Cent.
Clean milk Is winning its fight slow
ly, and dirty milk Is losing out be
cause clean people buy clean milk.
It Is a good dairy that will score
75 per cent on the government score
card. The only milk that Is better
than certified milk Is the milk the suck
ing calf gets from Its mother. In scoring
this milker we are obliged to give 100
Xcr cent on method and equipment.
GOOD QUALITIES OF
Ordinary Blackhull Kafir at Left and Dwarf Feterita at Right, Showing
Superior Ability of Feterita to Make Seed Crop Under Conditions of
The argronomy department of the
Oklahoma A. and M. college receives
j many inquiries as to Dwarf Ilegarl
I kaflr. A. Daane of the department
i of agronomy says the following in
j formation, taken from a government
I report, is an excellent treatment of
i the subject :
lntroducetI into the Un, tbed States from
Tf lo ., , tu o
II IS nntlVP In Inn coma nn Tf rr Kmlnn
u.k vi .uun.
as feterita and is known there by the
! natives as "hegarl." A dwarf strain
! was obtained by selection at the Chll
, lieothe (Texas) field station and this
, selection was given the name of
; "Dwarf llegari" in order to distinguish
; it from Dwarf Black-Hulled kafir,
j which It resembles very closely. The
j leaves are numereous and large, like
I those of kafir. The stem is not so
i thick, but is more juicy and sweeter
than the stem of kafir, and it bears a
REDUCE ANTHRAX LOSS
Responsible for Death of Large
Numbers of Live Stock.
Disease Affects Chiefly Cattle and
Sheep, But None of Domestic Ani
mals Are Exempt Vaccina
tion Is Favored.
(Prepared by the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture.)
Losses from anthrax, or charbon,
which at the present time Is responsi
ble for the death of large numbers of
live stock In low, moist lands of a more
or less mucky character, may be mini
mized by the proper use of protective
vaccine and the proper disposal of the
carcasses of Infected animals. This
disease affects chiefly cattle and sheep,
but none of the domestic animals is
exempt and even man is sometimes a
victim. Some centuries ago it is known
to have caused the death of more than
00,000 persons in southern Europe.
Since that time the disease has appar
ently become less virulent, but It Is
still the cause of considerable loss to
In Farmers' Bulletin No. 784, detailed
directions for the administration of
the vaccine are given. Stock owners
are warned to obtain the serum and
vaccine from reliable manufacturers
only, and not to administer the treat
ment unless the disease has already ap
peared in the vicinity, or the pastures
on which the animals are to be turned
out are known to be Infected. Care-
the bulletin already mentioned. In
acute cases, however, medicinal treat
ment is seldom effective. For this rea
son the best methods of combating the
disease are to vaccinate all animals
likely to be exposed to the infection
and by deep burying or cremating of
Infected carcasses, to make certain that
the infection is not allowed to establish
Itself in pastures.
Under certain conditions and in cer
tain forms the genus of the disease are
remarkably resistant to heat, cold and
drought. They will remain for a long
time in a pasture and bo capable of in
fecting any animals turned out on it.
Ordinarily the disease 's taken into the
body through the mouth with food. It
may, however, be absorbed through a
wound or even an insignificant scratch.
It is in this way that human beings
usually become infected, and the name
"woolsorter's disease" is derived from
the fact that men engaged in sorting
wool are particulnrly liable to contract
the disease through infection of
scratches or other small wounds or
abrasions on their hands.
In burying carcases a useful precau
tion is to cover them with quicklime.
Where the bodies are burned instead
of buried, great care should be taken to
see that the operation is thoroughly
done. Even the earth upon which the
carcass has lain should be thoroughly
and deeply burned over so that the
heat will penetrate to a depth sufficient
to kill the germs that may have passed
Into the soil with fluids from the body.
DWARF HE6ARI KAFIR
uniformly upright seed-head very like
that of kafir in shape, but looser. The
seed Is a trifle larger than blackhull
kafir seed, but intermediate between it
and feterita seed in size and also in
Dwarf hegari under ordinary condi
tions grows to a height of 4 to 4
feet and matures in SX) to 100 days, a
little earlier than the dwarf railo. It
withstands drought as well as the lat
ter and produces an equal yield of
grain. Its short growing season allows
it to be grown well north in the Great
Plains, and in the southern part of
this region it produces two crops of
grain in one season when late rains
It is adapted to Texas and New
Mexico, western Oklahoma, Kansas
and Nebraska, and eastern Colorado.
The fodder yield is not equal to that
of blackhull kafir, but is better than
that of dwarf niilo.
VELVET BEANS FOR FEEDING
One of Best Feed and Fertilizer Crops
Southern Farmer Can Grow, j
Says an Expert.
Director E. 11. Lloyd of the Missis- ;
sippi experiment station and extension
department of the Mississippi A. & M. j
college says : j
"One of the best feed and fertilizer I
crops our farmers can grow is velvet
beans. Crushed velvet beans in the
hull and corn in equal proportions
make a balanced ration for hogs, cat
tle or horses, and the vines are worth
as much as .$17 an acre for fertilizer.
The meal from the beans in the hulls
is worth about one-half as much as
high-grade cotton seed meal, testing
about 4V2 per cent of fat and 17 to IS
per cent protein. I
The yields of this crop are enor
mous. Even after severe storms 2,800
pounds of beans in the hull were har- j
vested per acre, at the McNeil branch
station, and it has been no trouble to
make as much as 3,000 pounds to the
acre. The harvesting is not expensive
as a good hand can pick from 500 to
GOO pounds a day and the usual rate
of pay is about 15 cents a hundred.
PLAN A PERMANENT PASTURE
Important Part of Rotation System
Rough Hillsides May Be Used
Plant Bermuda Grass.
The permanent pasture will be a
very Important part of the rotation
plan this year. A pasture will be
needed when the grazing crops aTe
not ready and when the animals need
green food and exercise. If you
haven't a permanent pasture It will
be advisable to start one at the earliest
possible time. Even a rough hillside
may be used for this purpose. For
such locations Bermuda is a most ex
cellent grass. Start a Bermuda pas
ture this spring so you will have graz
ing for stock.
HEALTHY DEMAND FOR MULES
No Let-Up in Market for Sturdy Ani
mals Farmer Finds Himself in
(By J. C. MOHUER.)
A prominent farmer of eastern
Kansas stated recently that he had
for several years been raising mules,
but that this year his mares were
bred to draft stallions, owing to the
calls for heavy horses. Still, there is
no let-up In the , market for mules.
This leaves the farmer in an enviable
situation for whatever creditable colts
his mares may bring forth there Is
competition for at big prices.
WEIGHT OF ONE QUART
Dairymen especially will be in
terested in knowing Hie weight
of tiu several feeds by quarts,
inasmuch as in compounding
dairy rations the terms are ex
pri ssed in pounds.
Cottonseed meal, 1.5 pounds;
iinsi'ed meal, old process, 1.1
pounds; gluten meal, 1.7 pounds;
gluten feed, 1.2 pounds;; wheat
bran, coarse, 0.5 pounds ; wheat
middlings, coarse, O.S pounds;
wheat middlings, line, 1.1
pounds; mixed wheat feed. 0.0
pounds; cornmeal, 1.5 pounds;
oats, 1.2 pounds; rye bran, 0.G
CONTROLLING LICE ON HOGS
Important Factor In Development of
Animals Crude Oil Gives Satis
(Kansas State Agricultural College.)
Control of lice on hogs Is an Impor
tant factor in their development. Crude
oil not only kills lice, but In addition
destroys the nits, softens the skin
and brightens the hair.
Many hog dips are on the market,
which are widely used, but the use
of crude oil gives more satisfactory
results, In the opinion of Ray Gate
wood, instructor in animal husbandry
In the Kansas State Agricultural col
lege. This oil may be applied by the
use of patent hog oilers, but as a rule
these are not satisfactory for they are
expensive and many do not apply the
oil In a satisfactory manner.
One of the most satisfactory meth
ods of applying crude oil Is to drive
as many of the hogs as possible at
one time into an inclosure in which
there Is a cement floor. Oil may then
Healthy and Vigorous Hog.
be applied to the hogs with an ordi
nary sprinkling can. They rub against
each other and the oil becomes evenly
distributed. They should not be let
out of the pen until this Is accom
plished. MILLIONS LOST BY DISEASE
Annual Loss Caused by Contagious
Abortion Places Heavy Tax on
Breeders No Cure Known.
Twenty million dollars, and a good
deal more, is the annual loss caused
by contagious abortion of cows. Tho
loss several years ago was placed at
$20,000,000, and since then the disease
has spread widely. Consequently It Is
safe to say that the I6ss now Is a great
deal larger. It Is, In fact, a heavy
annual tax on the cattle man.
Contagious abortion ia a germ dis
ease. No reliable cure Is known. The
problem is, therefore, largely one of
prevention, says Farmers' Bulletin
790, issued by the United States de
partment of agriculture.
Prevention and control, however,
are not a lazy man's job. Eternal vig
ilance is the price of success.
Suggestions may be found In the
bulletin referred to, which may be ob
tained by addressing Department of
Agriculture, Washington, D. C.
HOGS NEED GOOD PASTURAGE
Cheap Pork Cannot Be Produced in
Pens Supply Plenty of Grazing
of the Right Kind.
It will be necessary to plant a suc
cession of pasture crops for your hogs
If you do not have sufficient perma
Cheap pork cannot be produced in
pens; the hogs must have pasture
crops th: supply plenty of grazing of
the right kind. Even where one has
but one brood sow and expects to
raise two litters a year, somo grazing
must be had to give the proper gains
on the pigs.
Make your arrangements for pasture
crops for your hogs.
ATTENTION TO YOUNG LAMBS
They May Be Expected to Grow Rap.
idly if Properly Cared For
Good Pasture Needed.
Lambs require considerable atten
tion when very young, yet they may be
expected to grow rapidly if they are
properly cared for.
They need a good pasture where
there Is green food, shade and water.
And when penned at night with the
ewes they should have dry, cool, sani
tary quarters where the danger of
parasites is reduced to a minimum.
When a few sheep are cared for
properly one may expect a herd In a
IMPORTANCE OF GOOD TEETH
Neglect Will Cause Falling Off in
Flesh or Lack f Appetite in All
of Farm Animals.
Many of the His that attack the
human family have been found to have
their rise In neglected teeth. This is
also true of animals, and a falling off
In flesh or lack of appetite in horses,
cattle, sheep or other animals should
ause the owner to look first to the
"! BEGAN TO
And Soon Saw'That It Benefited
Me " Writes This Kentucky
Lady. Read Her State
ment. Clifton Mills, Ky. Mrs. O. W.
Woods, of this place, writes : "About 5
years ago I got In very bad health. I
got thin, weighed only 91 lbs., and I
am tall, too. I had dreadful pains in
my left and right sides. ... I then
had In attendance Dr. , who gave
medicine for about a year, which did
me no good. He then told me to take
Cnrdul. He said he thought It would
benefit me more than anything I could
"I would get so bad off I couldn't do
my work at all, and I was confined to
my bed part of the time, and suffered
most of the time; sometimes awful
. . . I then began to take Cardul
and I soon began to see that It bene
fited me. It eased my pains and the
enlargement went out of my . . .
and I have been steadily getting better
"I am now in better health than X
have been since I first took sick, am
stout and can work all day long. . . .
I certainly am getting my former
health back and I have a good color
and feel better than since I got sick.
I now weigh 113 lbs."
If you suffer from any of the ail
ments so common to women, try
Cardul, the woman's tonic. Adv.
"Say, young feller," said Broncho
Bob, "have you got a gun on you?"
"No, sir," replied the man with the
brand-new cowboy uniform. "I was told
that It was better to be unarmed, so
as to avoid any Impression that I was
seeking a quarrel."
"Well, that's a great disappointment.
I needed a, brand-new gun an' thought
you'd be bringing along at least a pair
of 'em. Don't you let anything like
this occure again."
FIERY RED PIMPLES
That Itch and Burn Are Usually
Eczematous Cutlcura Quickly Heals.
It needs but a single hot bath with
Cutlcura Soap followed by a gentle
application of Cutlcura Ointment to
the most distressing, disfiguring
eczemas, itchings and burnings to
prove their wonderful properties. They
are also Ideal for every-day toilet use.
Free sample each by mall with Book.
Address postcard, Cutlcura, Dept. I
Boston. Sold everywhere. Adv.
Orders Courtesy to Public.
The New York postmaster has or
dered clerks to be courteous to the
Women have such a good time talk
ing because they have so little to say
that they do not care how they say it.
The occasional use of Roman Eye Balaam
at night upon retiring; will prevent and re
lieve tired eyes, watery eyes, and eye strain.
Only a man with a little head brags
about his small feet.
What is Castoria
C ASTORIA is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Paregoric
Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is pleasant It contains neither
Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic substance. Its age is its guar
antee. For more than thirty years it has been in constant iTse for the relief
of Constipation, Flatulency, Wind Colic and Diarrhoea; allaying Feverish
Bess arismg therefrom, and by regulating the Stomach and Bowels,
aids the assimilation of Food; giving healthy and natural sleep.
The Children's Panacea The Mother's Friend.
The Kind You Have Always Bought, and which has been in use for over
30 years, has borne the signature of Chas. H. Fletcher, and has been made under
his personal supervision since its infancy. Allow no one to deceive vou in thia.
Al? Counterfeits, Imitations and "Just
trine wunana naanger me neaitn 01 xniants and
Children Experience against Experiment
Genuine Castoria always bears the signature of
Small Pill-Small Dose-Small Frice
Carter's Little Liver Pills
Paliid, Pale, Putty-Faced Peopla Need Garter's Iron Fills
rrcT- it n
Soid for 47 yean. For Malaria, CHllla and Fever. Mm
F'ine General Strengthenina Tonic 60e uj 1.00 at fl Dn Stan.
Salted Fish Popular Food.
How to conserve the llsh supply is
one of the subjects receiving careful
attention by the British board of trade,
in conjunction with the board of agri
culture. One of the methods which
will probably be adopted Is the drying
or salting of a much larger proportion
of the dally catch than at present, so
as to prevent waste by the fish getting
out of condition. Salted haddock are
already being placed on the market In
considerable quantities as an experi
ment. They sell at about 12 cents a
pound retail, and are very palatable.
One method of preparing Is to borl the
fish, throw away the water, and boll
up again, but if it Is washed to get rid
of practically all the salt the haddock
should also be soaked In cold water for
'24 hours before cooking.
WOMEN! IT IS MAGIC!
LIFT OUT ANY CORN
Apply a few drops then lift
corns or calluses off with
fingers no pain.
Just think I You can lift
off any corn or callus
without pain or soreness.
A Cincinnati man discov
ered this ether compound
and named it freezone. Any
druggist will sell a tiny bot
tle of freezone, like here
shown, for very little cost
You apply a few drops di
rectly upon a tender corn
or callus. Instantly the
soreness disappears, then
shortly you will find the
corn or callus so loose that
you can lift it right off.
Freezone is wonderful. It
dries instantly. It doesn't
eat away the corn or cal
lus, but shrivels it up with
out even irritating the sur
Hard, soft or corns be
tween the toes, as well as
painful calluses, lift right
off. There is no pain be
fore or afterwards. If your druggist
hasn't freezone, tell him to order a
small bottle for you from his whole
sale drug house. adv.
No Photos in London.
Photographers were forbidden' to
take pictures of the scenes Incident to
the dedicatory services at St. Paul's
cathedral In honor of the entry of tfle
United States Into the war, a fact
which has aroused the Indignation of
newspapers and photographers. Press
photographers who attended the cere
monies we're placed on their honor not
to take pictures of any feature of the
service, either Inside or outside St
Paul's cathedral. The only picture of
the king' and queen was secured by
an amateur photographer who . was
concealed behind a chimney on the
roof of a building along the parade
To Drive Out Malaria
And Build Up The System
Take the Old Standard GROVE'S
TASTELESS chill TONIC. You know
what you are taking, as the formula is
printed on every label, showing it is
Quinine and Iron in a tasteless form. The
Quinine drives out malaria, the Iron
builds op the system. 50 cents.
One of Fixtures.
He Your brother Is one of the fix
tures In the gas works, I suppose?
She I guess so anyhow they're go
ing to turn him off. Judge.
- as - Good" are but Experiments that
Your Liver Is the Best
A dull, yellow, lifeless skin, or pimples and
eruptions, are twin brothers to constipation.
Bile, nature's own laxative, is getting into your
blood instead of passing cut of your system
as it should. ThU is the treatment, in suc
cessful use for 50 years one pill daily
(more only when necessary).
c v UTatTW?