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FARMERS' MEETINGS BEGIN AND
END IN AUGUST MRS. Mc
DISPATCHES FROM RALEIGH
Doings and Happenings That Mark
the Progress of North Carolina Peo
ple, Gathered Around the State
The production and conservation of
food, and household economy of every
kind is getting a mighty boost in
North Carolina since the staff of
Farmers' Institute Conductors have
began their pilgrimage over the state.
Seventy institutes will be held ending
with the State Convention of Farm
ers here during the last week in Au
gust. Mr. T. B. Parker, director of the
Farmers' Institute Division will have
several different parties in the field,
most of them having itineraries
through the Piedmont section of this
State. Mrs. Jane S. McKimmon will
look after the women's meetings and
will supply speakers from her staff of
The places and dates of the meet
ings for the various counties are:
Alamance County Elon College,
.Monday, August 13; Snow Camp,
Tuesday, August 14.
Alexander County Taylorsville,
"Wednesday, August 8.
Anson County Bethel Schoolhouse,
Saturday, July 28.
Burke County Quaker Meadow
Schoolhouse, Monday, August 6; Wi
deband Schoolhouse, Tuesday Au
Cabarrus County Winecoff and
Rocky River, Friday, August 10; Ri
mer and Cabarrus, Saturday, August
Caldwell County Collettsville,
Monday, August 13; Gamewell School
house, Tuesday, August 14.
Caswell County Yanceyville, Sat
urday, July 28.
Catawba County Terrell, Friday,
August 10; Dr. Foard's Store, Satur
day, August 11.
Chatham County Pittsboro, Friday,
July 27; Bonlee, Saturday, July 28.
Cleveland County Boiling Springs,
Thursday, August 2; Grover, Friday,
August 3; Shelby. Saturday, August 4.
Davidson County Sandy Grove,
Monday, August 13; Clarksbury, Tues
day, August 14.
Davie County Cherry Hill, Friday,
August 3; Cana, Saturday, August 4.
Durham County Bahama Farm
L'lfe School, Wednesday, August 15;
Patrick Henry School House, Thurs
day, August 16.
Forsyth County Burke's Grove,
Wednesday, August -1; Tobaccoville,
Wednesday, AuguBt 8.
Gaston County Dallas, Wednes
day, August 1.
Guilford County Battleground, Fri
day, August 10; McLeansville, Satur
day, August 11.
Hoke County Radford, Friday, Au
Iredell County Linwood School
house and Shawnee, Wednesday, Au
gust 1; Harmony Farm-Life School,
Tuesday, August 7; Test Farm
(Statsville), Thursday, August 9.
Lee County Courthouse, Tuesday,
Lincoln County Bets Chapel, Mon
day, July 30; Daniels' Schoolhouse,
Tuesday, July 31.
McDowell County Dysortville,
Wednesday, August 8; Greenlee,
Thursday, August 9.
Mecklenburg County Bethel School
house, Friday, July 27; Observer
Schoolhouse, Saturday, July 28.
Montgomery County Troy, Satur
day, August 4; Mount Gilead, August
Moore County Glendon, Wednes
day, August 1; Eureka Farm-Life
School, Thursday, August 2.
Person County Roxboro, Friday,
Randolph County Liberty, Monday,
July 30; Farmer, Wednesday, Au
Richmond County Rockingham,
Friday, July 27.
Rockingham County Carmel School
house, Monday, July 30; Matrimony,
TueBday, July 31.
Rowan County China Grove and
Oak Grove, Thursday, August 9; Mt.
Ulla and Miranda Schoolhouse, Thurs
day, August 2.
Rutherford County Shiloh School
house; Friday, August 10; Mt. Pleas
ant Schoolhouse, Saturday, August 11.
Stanly County Porter, Tuesday,
August 7; Millingport, Wednesday,
Stokes County Lawsonville School
house, Thursday, August 9.
Surry County Rusk Schoolhouse,
Monday, August 6; Woodville, Tues
day, August 7.
Union County Marshville, Monday,
July 30; Waxhaw, Tuesday, July 31.
Wake County Farmers State Con
vention, A. and E. College, August
28, 29, 30.
Wilkes County Mountain View
Schoolhouse, Thursday, August 2; Bell
View Academy, Friday, August 3;
Edgewood Schoolhouse, Saturday, Au
Yadktn County Yadkinrille, Mon
day, August 6.
Campaigns Against Fire.
Special agents and inspectors of
virtually all fire insurance companies
doing business in North Carolina m)t
here today in the office of Insurance
Commissioner Young to discuss plans
to aid in the nation-wide campaign to
assist the national government in do
ing away with things tha tcause fires
and destroy foodstuffs and wearing
apparel after costly labor has been
consumed in their "production. S. Y.
Tupper, Southern Manager of the
Queen Insurance Company and A. M.
Schoon, engineer for the National
Board of Fire Underwriters, composed
a committee sent here to explain the
ulans of the campaign and enlist the
support of the field insurance men.
Present at the conference were Gov
ernor Bickett, Commission Young, J.
Broughton, Jr., 'president and A. T.
Bowler, secretary of the Raleigh
Chambei of Commerce; Prof. W. A.
Withers, president of the Raleigh Ro
tary Club, and about forty insurance
field men, members of inspection
boards and other insurance field
Cordial support of the state admin
istrative departments were pledged to
the campaign by Governor Bickett and
The visiting committee expressed
itself as highly pleased with the fa
miliarity with the national campaign
shown by the North Carolina workers
and declared this the best meeting of
the kind it had held. The committee
has recently held similar conferences
in Richmond and Columbia.
At a second conference held in the
ifternoon the field men arranged de
tails of the work to be done. North
Carolina is to be divided into dis
tricts which will be under the super
vision of these men, trained in inspec
on of buildings and the detection and
correction of fire hazards, and regular
inspections will be made by them
throughout the state and every effort
will be made to prevent fires and espe
cially fires which may destroy food
stuffs In storage during the war emer
gency. The work undertaken by the insur
ance men is general in its scope and
without bearing on the business of the
companies they represent. The work
is a voluntary and patriotic work un
dertaken by the men and their com
panies as a part in the National De
fense Campaign. Inspections will be
made of all classes of buildings and
crops without regard to insurancee
carried or anticipated.
f&m x Ksfiyf iSrPf lilt ill
.,.J. '.-rr.r -a 9.1 " 4ysa... ' ' .TAjrsm01 ym 1
TO HOARD FO
1 Two women victims of a German air raid on London being taken to their homes from a hospital. 2 Pre
mier Kerensky, now dictator of Russia, reviewing some of his troops. 3 Soldiers in the Gettysburg training camp
being taught the most necessary French words and phrases. 4 King Vajirvudh of Siam, who has declared that a
state of war exists between his country and Germany and Austria-Hungary.
NEWS REVIEW OF
THE PAST WEEK
Secretary McAdoo Startles Con
gress by Asking $5,000,
000,000 More for War.
TRANSPORT PROBLEM IS BIG
Valuable Historical Collection.
The collections of the North Caro
lina Historical Commission are be
coming widely recognized as among
the best collections of historical mate
rial in the United States. The use of
this material by mail has been exten
sive for some time, but now historical
students are finding it worth their
while to come to Raleigh in order to
pursue their investigations in person.
The latest visitor is Prof. Chas. W.
Ramsdell, of the department of history
of the University of Texas, who is at
work on a history of the civil admin
istration of the Confederate States
government. Another recent visitor
who made extensive researches in
the collections of the Historical Com
mission was Dr. Charles M. Andrews
of Yale University who is writing a
history of the American colonies. Miss
Mary Shannon Smith of Meredith Col
lege is spending her vacation in the
rooms of the commission at work on
a history of Union sentiment in North
Carolina during the Civil War; and Dr.
D. H. Hill has now permanent quar
ters with the Historical Commission
where he is engaged in his history of
North Carolina in the Civil War.
Last week Mr Reaves of the Interior
Department at Washington spent sev
eral days among the commission's col
lections investigating the claims of
the Tuscarora Indians to lands form
erly belonging to their tribe in North
Carolina Another historical student
now at work in Raleigh Is Miss Hat
tie E Burch of Columbia University.
Every historical student who comes to
Raleigh is greatly impressed with the
exten tand value of the Historical
Commission's collections and expresse
Commission's collections and ex
presses delight with the excellent
quarters provided by the state for the
Movies for Guardsmen.
Special from Camp Sevier, Green
ville, S. C National guardsmen of
North Carolina and Tennessee need
have no fear that they will be depriv
ed of the joy of seeing the "movies"
while encamped here.
"The pictures will be selected for
the entertainmnt of the soldiers as
well as for instructive purposes,"
staled a Y. M. C. A. reprsentatlve.
Only a small admission fee will be
charged the guardsmen to defray ac
tual expenses. The price will b
much smalled than that charged by
modern theatres. It is stated that a
soldier may be admitted for a two
cent postage stamp or the equivalent
According to a statement of Major
General Leonard Wood in a recent ad
dress the men will be encouraged to
spend their "leaves" away from camp.
Charters Issued for Railroad.
A charter was Issued for the Chim
ney Rock Railroad Company, of Can
ton, Haywood county, the special pur
nose being the construction and oper
ation of fifteen miles of steam railway
from Rutherfordton to Chimney Rock.
The capital is $300,000 authorized and
$15,000 subscribed by M. Carland, T.
C. Cole, J. H. Cole, G. L. Fortune, J.
T. Homey and J. C. Cole.
There is an amendment for the
charter ot the Warlong Glove Manu
facturiRK Company, of Newton, auth
orizing a change of office to GwnoTW,
Shipping Board Quarrel Ended by
Change of Personnel Russia's Mil
itary Collapse in Galicia Complete
French Repulse Tremendous
By EDWARD W. PICKARD.
i me unueu states is naving im
pressed upon it the magnitude of the
war in which it has embanked, and is
beginning to realize that it must be
fought through to a victorious finish
at tremendous cost in money, energy
and, doubtless, life. The money end
of it was brought sharply to the at
tention of congress last Tuesday, when
Secretary of the Treasury McAdoo in
formed the lawmakers that $5,000,000,-
000 more than had been estimated
was needed, and needed at once. Much
of this will be expended for ordnance.
Senator Smoot Informed the senate
that by the end of the fiscal year the
war expenditures by the United States
are likely to amount to $20,000,000,000.
The figures staggered the members of
both houses, and there was a hasty
calling together of the senate finance
committee to revise its report on the
Transportation Is now one of the
administration's biggest problems
transportation by both land and sea,
but especially the latter. An Immense
number of vessels must be provided
to carry to Europe our troops and the
vast supplies they and the allied arm
ies, must have, and efforts are being
made to gather together all the avail
able ships, even Japan being asked to
release many of her merchantmen.
Meanwhile the plan of building a mon
ster merchant marine of our own was
given added Impetus last week. As
had been predicted, President Wilson
was compelled to take a hand in the
dispute between General Goethals and
Chairman Denman of the shipping
board, and he settled the matter by ac
cepting the resignations of both, and
of Capt. J. B. White as well. He then
named E. N. Hurley of Chicago as
chairman and Balnbridge Colby as
member of the board, and Rear Ad
miral Capps, long chief constructor of
the navy, as head of the emergency
fleet corporation in place of Goethals.
Of these appointments, only that of
Colby was adversely criticised. Hur
ley is an energetic business man and
has been on the federal trade board.
Though the elimination of Goethals Is
regretted by the innumerable admir
ers of the great builder of the Pan
ama canal, It is felt that no one bet
ter than Admiral Cupps could be
picked to manage the construction of
the emergency fleet. It is understood
that as many steel ships as possible
will be built, which was Goethal's plan.
Later in the week the president ac
cepted the resignation of Vice Chair
man Theodore Brent of the shipping
Steps in Making the Army.
The need for many vessels is em
phasized by the semi-ofllcial announce
ment that the United States plans to
send to Europe not only 500,000 men,
but more than a million as soon as
they can be trained and equipped and
as fast as "transports can be obtained
to carry them across. Two more steps
In the making of this great army were
taken last week. The men drafted for
the national army began to receive
their calls before the exemption
boards, the city of Washington lead
ing the way, and the National Guard
of 19 states and the District of Co
lumbia was mobilized to be taken into
the federal service. After a few weeks
of intensive training in camps, the
best of the guardsmen will be sent
to France to prepare for the spring of
fensive. The shortage of railway transporta
tion at home also Is troubling the ad
ministration, though it doubtless will
be remedied with the willing assist
ance of the American railway execu
tives. The demand for cars already Is
tremendous, for the moving of materi
als and supplies for the army training
camps and for a dozen other purposes,
and It will be Increased immediately
as the men of the National Guard and
of the national army begin moving to
their allotted places.
Russia's Collapse in Galicia.
The col'apse of Russia's offensive
in Galicia, due to insubordination In
stigated by German agents, developed
Into a general retreat, and the retreat
Into a virtual rout. Abandoning vast
military stores and burning villages,
the mutinous Slavs flew everywhere
before the easy advance of the Teu
tons, except on the Roumanian front,
where for the time at least, they stood
firm. Farther north, indeed all the
way to the Baltic, the Russians gave
Premier Kerensky, armed with dicta
torial powers, declared he would apply
a policy of blood and iron to stop the
mutiny and treason, and General Korn
lloff ordered his loyal troops to shoot
down any who deserted or refused to
obey orders, but this was Ineffectual to
retrieve the disaster. Stanlslau, Halicz
and other important cities were evac
uated, and from the wooded Carpathi
ans to the region of Tarnopol the
country was full of long columns of
fleeing Russians on which the Teu
ton field guns played with merciless
One story from Petrograd told how
loyal troops in Kornlloff's army blew
to pieces an entire mutinous division
with Its own guns.
On the demand of the military com
manders at the front, the provisional
government has again put in force cap
ital punishment for treason, which was
abolished at the time of the revolu
tion. However, this second great Russian
slump, serious though It be, Is not fa
tal. Kerensky and his colleagues are
determined to rid their country of the
German agents and their traitorous
Russian aids. Lenine, the chief of the
latter, Is already under arrest, and It
Is believed he will be either executed
as an agent of the German general
staff or at least isolated as insane.
Russians and their friends still believe
their new republic will emerge tri
umphant from the chaotic conditions
that now hold It almost helpless.
The "Guard of Death," the battalion
of Russian women raised by Vera
Bu'tehkareff, was "in action on Tuesday
for the first time, at Krevo. The wom
en fought well, gaining the respect of
the male soldiers.
No Military Success for Germany.
Germany has scored no real mili
tary success of moment for a long
time. The Gitllclan affair is not a suc
cess of arms, and though the kaiser
decorated some of his commanders
there, they gained no glory by the pur
suit of mutinous and disorganized
troops. Rather should Wllhelm have
bestowed his decorations upon the
spies who stirred up the Insubordina
tion. In the Champagne region the crown
prince hurled his troops against the
French lines with the utmost reck
lessness all week long, but the only re
sult was tremendous losses for the
Germans, for the poilus were indomita
ble and if npw and then their line
was bent, they counter-attacked so fu
riously that the Teuton could not hold
his small gains more than an hour or
so. In some places, especially on the
Calif ornie plateau, the French ad
vanced their lines considerably and re
puised all attempts to drive them from
the new positions.
Germany's hullabaloo over peace
terms and Internal reforms has sim
mered down to a discontented discus
sion of Chancellor Michaells inten
tions and policies, based on his speech
to the reichstag, which is universally
admitted to have been ambiguous and
even secretive. As has been said be
fore, the political upheaval there
doesn't bring appreciably nearer the
end of the war. Many of the opposi
tion leaders and newspapers more
than hint that the U-boat campaign is
really a failure in that it is not starv
ing England, and they realize that Its
continuance Is reducing daily the num
ber of friends Germany will have after
peace is concluded. But the militar
ists of Prussia can't let go of that
weapon, and the masses of the Ger-
man people, who have an astonishing
capacity for self-deception, evince no
desire to throw these militarists out
and save their empire from ultimate
Siam Joins Kaiser's Foes.
One by one the smaller nations of
the world are lining up with the ene
mies of the kaiser and despotic mili
tarism. Far-away Slam Is the latest
addition to the list. German vessels
In Siamese ports were seized and Ger
man citizens were interned. The In
fluence of every country that comes
!n on the side of freedom and justice
will be felt, If not strongly now, at
least after the war is ended. The
Teutonic economists well know this,
and even now are holding a conference
o.i post-war conditions, seemingly still
hopeful that their armies can bring
about the realization of that dream
of a "Mittel Europa" that would be
self-sustaining, and self-contained and
that would always threaten the peace
of the rest of the world. The frus
tration of that hope is the great ulti
mate aim of the allies.
Representatives of the entente allies
met In Paris on Wednesday for the
purpose of determining the course of
their future policy in the Balkans,
which Premier RIbot, who presided,
said must be modified because Greece
is now ranged with the allies. The
United States was not represented, the
administration holding that this nation
Is not yet directly Interested in Balkan
Food Control Bill Delayed.
President Wilson's strenuous objec
tion to the senate amendment to the
food control bill creating a congres
sional committee on expenditures for
the war, and the determination of the
house to defeat the senate amend
ments, caused a delay In the final pas
sage of the measure. The prohibition
ists were bound to have restored the
"bone-dry" plan for which the house
The entente allies held a conference
in Paris and adopted unanimously this
"The allied powers, more closely
united than ever for the defense of the
people's rights, particularly in the Bal
kan peninsula, are resolved not to lay
down arms until they have attained
the end which in their eyes dominates
all others to render impossible a re
turn of the criminal aggression such
as that whereof the central empires
bear the responsibility."
In accordance with the recommenda
tion of General Pershing, the American
army Is to be reorganized on the
French plan of conformation. This
will change a company from 150 to
250 men, a regiment from 1,800 to 3,
000 men, and a division from 28,500 to
approximately 17,000 men.
The government is planning a sys:
tern of war Insurance that will pre
clude the establishing of pension rolls
as a result of this war. It is proposed
that every man In the army, navy and
marine corps shall be entitled to insur
ance ranging from $1,000 to $10,000,
paying a premium of $8 a thousand,
the Insurance being assumed by the
government In lieu of pensions; in ad
dition, the families and other depend
ents will be provided for by allotments.
Recruiting was given a big boo?
last, week, partly by the announceme
that drafted men would not be aeccyT
ed as volunteer.1 after thee were cars
before the exemption V V, and pafrt-
ly by the concerted
American and Brit
cers. The British i
largo numbers of
cago, New York an'"
Despite the tr
drain on the coui
penditures and in
protests from Sei
yon, King and a UjF ,
ate passed the nnnu
bors bill, carrying an';:
$27,954,000. Only eh
the upper house dnred
HOUSEKEEPERS SHOULD K
PURCHASE MORE .THAN -l-.
NEEDED AT A TIM2.
SOME TIMELY INFQRMAT
B. W. Kilgore, Director of North (f
Una Extension Service Hands Gj
Raleigh It is false economy t
tempt to hoard and store flour 1
cially during the summer months,
Mr. B. W. Kilgore, director of
North Carolina Extension Service;
Kilgore has recently received a
munication from the Departmen
Agriculture at Washington in v
attention is called to this matter,
the information contained is t
both to the housekepers in the
try and in the cities.
Sound flour from good wheat
not decompose when stored ir
proper manner, but when stored
improper manner there is con
able loss sustained. For this rl
no housekeeper should purchas
larger quantities than she will I
witnin a reasonaDie lengta oi u
. , a J . . t
storing sucn nour as ia
there are three principles
should not be overlooked.
Flour should not be stored i
cellar even though it is nice andf
for the cellar is rarely free
dampness and odors which q
contaminates the flour even whe
cial bins have been built.
The attic is also an unwdse
o store it as the temperaturV
high, there is no air circulation!
the flour will soon become must
The only place it may be k
perfect safety is in a small s
room built preferably to the
side of the house where a cod
even temperature may be ob
and thorough ventilation availal
case such a room as this canif
had, a closet may be used wbf
fits the above requirements. A
and containers should be kept
and especially should they be c
out when a new stock of fid
guarded from vermin it will tf
ized practically to the exclusj
any waste through spoilage, , ji
true more especially if it is purt
in accordance with the presentf
Tobacco Sales Break Recot
Lumberton. Tobacco sales
local market are breaking' al
vious record, both as quantitj
price. The farmers who bri
the Hot Springs camp, besidesi
bers of their families, who ar
weed to the Lumerton market
well pleased with their retur
the effect of this influx of cm
already being felt by the mer
on Ellis Island. Information r
from New York is to the effe
Sales for the past several day
averaged well beyond twenty
pound. Someone probably int
in other markets in this sectiof
lieved to have been responsible
no wbeing made by the federal
ities to send there the remain
seamen, stewards and firemen
seized German steamers who aj
circulation of a report to the
not get hogsheads in which
the tobacco. The warehouseirf
they have all they can use.
that the local warehouse mef
More German Prisoners C
Asheville. So satisfactory h
the camp for interned Germ
Hot Springs that rajngeme
any carpemBiB assistat
fpnvfi for HoKrti rln era 4 "hi a
erect houses! for the six hund
will compel soon as the prepf
for thm arN completed.
Thfre are already 654 Ger:
tera in the town itself. The
d seamen are a high type j
hood and they appear to enj
5gn of (the
this "pork" measure
at any time, Is especially so when the
nation Is engaged in a war that will
demand all its resources.
Ireland's great opportunity Is at
hand. The convention to draft a home
rule constitution Is In session In Lon
don, with Sir Horace Iiunkett in the
chair, and If the delegates can reach
an amicable and satisfactory agree
ment, the government of Gi:eat Piitaln
is pledged to put It through. , The re
sult is In the hands of the Irl-ii them
Boy Preacher Ordalnecf
Newton. Master Vance II
the "boy preacher" has been
ed to the full work of the gos
istry. The ordination took
Corinth Baptist church. He
fourteen years of age and
youngest minister ordained,
state. Rev. J. A. Snow, Re
Smith. Rev. J. A Hoyle, Rev.
Ballard and Rev. C. E. Beam
ed the Presbytery. At the Fi
tist church Elliott Stewart i
dained. Mr. Stewart was a st
Wake Foret College.
One Killed, Tw'
Cooper is dat
is seriously inj
Is badly shaken
runaway on the st. ts of A
The horse Mr. Cooper wan
took fright at a motor truck!
Cooper, .losing control of th
the buggy in which the thr
riding was turned over and
of the occupants thrown ag
Southern Railway station
The boy, who was about 12 y
never recovered from the b1: