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PLYMOUTH, IT. 0., FIUDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1917
r no. ii
PASS WAR TAX BILL
WITHOUT ROLL GALL
CONFERENCE REPORT WA8 AC
CEPTED IN HOUSE WITH NO
SIR CECIL SPRING-RICE
SOME FEATURES CRITICISED
No Change in Form is Made. Mail
Rates and Zone System Are Dis
cussed. Publishers Don't Expect
Any Changes In Plan.
Washington. The conference report
oa the war tax bill was adopted by
the House without a roll call.
So confident are leaders that the
report will be adopted in its present
form that Democratic Leader Kitchin
advised democrats that they were at
liberty to go to their homes at will.
He expects the session to end within
a week or 10 days.
Virtually no opposition to the re
port appeared in the House during the
four hours it was under discussion.
Mr. Kitchin explained all of its pre
visions at ' length, enumerating par
ticularly the points on which the
house won in conference, and Repre
sentative Fordney, of Michigan, the
ranking Republican member of the
conference, added his endorsement.
Mall Rates Criticised.
Representative Cooper, of Wiscon
sin, roundly criticised the increase in
second-class mail rates; Representa
tive Green, of Iowa, insisted that the
bill should have been at .least $300,
000.000 higher; a dozen others spoke
and the report was adopted.
Opinions still differ as to the
amount that' the bill will raise. Mr,
Kitchin estimated it at $2,575,000,000
whUe treasury experts believe it will
be $2,535,000,000 during the coming
year and possibly $2,588,000,000
year when in full operation.
Official estimates as prepared by
treasury experts differ materially from
unofficial estimates previously pub
lished only in a few instances. In
stead of $600,000,000, the income tax
total is placed at $851,000,000; excess
profits at one billion instead of $1,
110,000,000; tobacco at $30,000,000 in
stead of $24,000000, and first class
mail at $70,000,000 instead of $60,000-000.
Publishers' representatives her9
have virtually abandoned hope of see
lag the new second-class zone rate
changed though Senator McKellar is
expected to oppose it on the floor.
START DRIVE FOR
NEW LIBERTY LOAN
FIVE BILLION DOLLARS AND TEN
MILLION SUBSCRIBERS IS
Sir Cecil Spring-Rice, British ambaa
sador to the United States, it is re
ported will be replaced before long by
another diplomat, not yet named.
2ND LOAN IS THREE BILLION
DENOMINATION OF NEW BONDS
WILL BE $50 AND MULTIPLES
SHRAPNEL RAINS IN LONDON
FROM MANY AIRPLANES
Many Bombs Are Dropped In Strong
est Attack Yet Made
London. The strongest air attack
yet attempted on London and the
coast towns by the Germans, was car
ried out by four groups of hostile air
planes. Some of the machines got
through to London and bombed the
southwestern district. No casualties
or damages has been reported.
A terrific barrage was sent up from
the defense guns and the roar of bat
tle lasted intermittently for two and
a half hours.
The Germans bombed coast towns
as they passed over and proceeded
toward London. Two of the group
succeeded in getting a number of ma
chines through the sky barrage. Nu
merous bombs were dropped on the
southwestern district which is thickly
populated with the homes of the up
per and middle classes. The fire from
the defending guts was longer and
louder than ever before. A rain of
shrapnel fell In all sections of the
town and the streets were virtually
deserted save for a few police.
The weather was perfect for air
operations as there was a bright full
moon, with no clouds or wind. The
people of London were expecting a
raid and were awaiting for signals.
Soon after 7 o'clock motors of the
volunteer corps sped through the
streets blowing their sirens and dis
playing an illuminated notice "Take
cover." The telephone exchanges no
tified their subscribers and other meas
ures were put into execution to in
form the populace of the pending air
Maturity in 25 Years. Subscriptions
Payable Two Per Cent Upon Appli
cation; Installments Monthly of 18,
40 and 40 Per Cent.
Washington. Secretary McAdoo
announced the details of the second
liberty loan, which will be offered to
the public October 1. The chief fea
Amount $3,000,000,000 or more, the
excess not to exceed one-half of the
amount of over-subscriptiSh.
Terms of bonds Maturity, 25 years ;
redemable at the option of the secre
tary of the treasury in 10 years.
Denominations of bonds $50 and
multiples of $50.
Interest rate Four per cent, pay
able semi-annually on November 15
and May 15.
Terms of payment Two per cent
upon application, 18 per cent Novem
ber 15, 40 per cent December 14 and.
40 per cent January 13, 1918.
The privilege of converting bonds
of this issue into bonds of any suc
ceeding issue bearing a higher inter
est rate than four per cent during
the period of the war is extended, and
through an arrangement under which
bonds will be printed with only four
coupons instead of 50 (to be exchang
ed at tb end of two years for the
bonds containing the full number of
coupons deliveries will be prompt. In
this manner the issue of interim cer
tiflcates will be avoided.
TO REQUISITION ALL BIG
AMERICAN MERCHANT VESSELS.
Shipping Board to Take Over on
October 15 All Ships Available For
Ocean Service. Rates Fixed.
Washington. Every American mer
chant vessel of more than 2,500 tons
dead weight capacity available for
ocean service will be requisitioned by
the government October 15, the ship
ping board announced in a statement
giving the charter rates at which the
vessels will be taken over. American
ships available for ocean traffc total
slightly more than two million tons,
but some'already have been taken
over for the army and navy.
In most instances, except where re
quired for actual government service,
the ships, It was said, wilt be turned
back to their owners for operation on
government account subject at all
times to any disposition the shipping
board may direct.
The rates announced will cut sharp
ly the present charter rate charged by
American vessels for carrying govern
ment supplies. It is the intention, it
is understood, to apply them later to
any foreign ships chartered in the
United States. The chartering will be
In the hands of the shipping board's
MANY MEMBERS OF I. W. W.
HAVE BEEN ARRRESTED
Washington. The great harvest of
indictments returned at Chicago it was
auhoritatively stated, is but a frac
tion of what the government will
reap, as the result of Its nation-wide
ral don Industrial (Workers of the
World offices September 5. Only those
regarded by the government as the
chief figures in the alleged conspiracy
to thwart the government in its war
plans have been Indicted. Tons of doc
uments have been sized is the raid
COMMITTEE WILL INVESTIGATE
USE OF GERMAN MONEY
Washington. Inquiry by the House
committee into whether German
money has been used to influence
Congress probably was proposed in a
resolution sponsored by the rules com
mittee and supported by the Demo
Demands for an exhaustive Inquiry
overwhelmed house leaders from both
sides while the rules committee in
executive session was considering
whether to report favorably one of
the several resolutions Introduced
since Secretary Lansing made public
Count von Bernstorff's message to
Berlin asking authority to spend $50,
000 Influencing Congress as it had
teen dose before.
Gigantic Machine is Set in Motion.
Banks, Newspapers, Commercial Or
ganizations and Patriotic Societies
Will Work For Success of Big Loan.
Waslngton. The second liberty loan
campaign opened Monday, with which
to carry on the war.
To obtain $3,000,000,000 in subscrip
tions, the minimum set by treasury
officials for the issue, a gigantic ma
chine of many parts stands were set
in motion with the opening of the
compaign. Fifty per cent greater than
the first liberty loan, the present of
fering is the largest the American
people ever have been called upon to
absorb, and to make certain that it
will be more than fully subscribed of
ficials for months past have been per
fecting the elaborate sales and public
Five billion dollars and ten million
subscribers that is the goal to which
officials hope to drive the campaign
successfully during the next four
weeks. The services of virtually ev
ery industry of the nation have been
enlisted to bring about this result.
Secretary McAdoo opened the cam
paign formally with a speech in Cleve
land, Ohio, the first of many he will
deliver in a transcontinental tour
which will take him into virtually ev
ery section of the counta-y and keep
him on the road until October 26, the
day before the subscription books
More than 26,000 banks will co-op
erate in floating the huge issue. These,
working under the guidance of the
12 federal reserve banks, regional
headquarters for the loan, will be the
treasury's first lieutenants.
The entire press of the country
daily newspapers, weekly and month
ly magazines, trade papers, foreign
language publications and farm pa
pers which contributed so largely to
the success of the first issue, will work
for the success of the second.
Chambers of commerce, boards of
trade, manufacturers' associations and
kindred organizations have pledged
their active and unstinted efforts in
Patriotic societies by the score have
been elisted, as well as church and
school organizations, labor organiza
tions, fraternal societies and school
The stage and the screen will do
their part. Leading theatrical and
moving picture stars have been Aimed
for a special number which will be
displayed in virtually every moving
picture theater in the country, while
from behind the footlights of vaude
ville and other theaters speakers will
utilize daily the time between the acts
to campaign for the loan.
HUT LEADERS OF
. I1.1 W. INDICTED
CHARGED WITH NATIONWIDE
CONSPIRACY TO HAMPER
W.B. MOOD OF FIRST TAKEN
W. A. Ekengren, minister from Swe
den to the United States, may become
involved in the expose of violations of
neutrality by .Swedish officials, for the
American government is making an In
vestigation t odetermine whether Swe
den has assisted German intrigue
against the United States as she did
R1TISH HAVE GOOD SOCGESS
FIELD MARSHAL HAIG'S MEN ARE
AGAIN STRIKING IN FLAN
DERS IN BIG DRIVE.
Veritable Inferno of Artillery Fire Is
Opened in Early Morning and at
Evening Important Enemy Positions
Had Been Riddled.
COAL RETAILERS' PROFITS
LIMITED BY ORDER ISSUED
Immediate Reduction to Consumer Is
Washington. Government control
over the coal industry was made com
plete by an "order of Fuel Adminis
trator Garfield limiting the profits of
retail coal and coke dealers through
out the country to a basis which is
expected to bring about an immediate
reduction in prices to the consumer.
The order directs that the retailers
shall fix their prices so as to limit
their gross margins over cost to the0f the British, which the Germans as
Field Marshal Haig's men again are
striking in Flanders, and the force of
their blow, like that of those that
have preceded it, is meeting with
good results on a front of nearly six
Notwithstanding the necessity of
carrying the battle to Crown Prince
Rupprecht across uninviting ground
virtually a morass owing to recent
rains and against the inevitable con
crete and steel redoubts and woods
and shell craters teeming with rapid
fire guns the English, Scotch and
Australian troops have snatched val-j
uable vantage points from the Ger
mans, but not without terrible oppo
Location of New Drive.
Haig's new thrust was delivered
from the base of front line positions
captured and consolidated last week,
before which the Germans held nu
merous vantage points of strategic
value, barring the way to further in
roads by the British or for harassing
the British line by machine gun and
As on previous occasion, Haig
loosed a veritable inferno of artillery
fire against the Germans before
launching his attack in the early
hour3 of Wednesday morning, and
when night fell many important posi
tions had been ridded of the enemy,
but with the Germans at numerous
other points savagely contesting the
right of way.
Probably the most significant gain
None But Members of I. W. W. Are
Included in the Blanket Indictment
Thirty-five of the Men Were Ar
retted During First Hour.
Chicago. Formal return of a blank
et indictment- charging a nation-wide
conspiracy to hamper the government
during the war, was made in the Unit
ed States district court here against
168 leaders of the Industrial Workers
of the World. Arrests speedily follow
ed the return.
Almost before the court proceedings
had reached the state of the discharge
of the jury, deputy marshals were on
their way to the local I. W. W. head
quarters in automobiles, donated and
driven by women, and quickly return
ed to the federal building bringing
prisoners with them.
In the first hour 35 men were thus
haled into the marshal's office and
later were questioned by investiga
tors for the department of justice.
Among the first to be taken Into
custody was William B. Haywood,
secretary of the national organization
of the I. W. W. who was questioned
September 5 when the headquarters
of the I. W. W. in various cities were
raided by the government.
An explanatory statement issued by
the government attorneys who have
directed the investigation of the se
ditious conspiracy, the crime of which
the men named in the indictments
were accused, said:
'The prosecutions are under sec
tions 6, 19 and 37 of the criminal
code and undr the espionage act.
Only leaders in conspiracies of those
personally culpable in connection with
the perpetration of crimes against the
United States are included as de
fendants." To permit the sure arrest of the
indicted men, no hint of their names
was permitted to escape during the
vNone but members of the I. W. W.
was named in the indictment, the gov
ernment attorneys taking pains to
specify that no others were touched.
W PAPERS ARE
HELD III NEWYDRi:
ONLY A SMALL PACKAGE OF THU
MEANS' LETTERS BROCJGlr1
TO CONCORD. "
CLERK NOW HAS "PAPERS'
GULF COAST SECTIONS
EMERGING FROM STORM
average of such gross margins during
the year 1915, plus a maximum of 30
per cent of the 1915 margin, provided
that in no case shall the acerage mar
gin of the month of July this year be
Local committees appointed by the
federal fuel administrators in each
state will see to it that the dealers
comply with the order and the deal
ers themselves will be called upon to
return sworn cost sheets showing the
facts upon which they have based
Doctor Garfield selected 1915 as a
normal year because the coal short
age which resulted in continued rises
in prices did not begin until 1916. The
additional 30 per cent Is allowed to
cover increased cost of doing business.
Prices already fixed by the govern
ment for coal at the mouth of the
mine are near those charged in 1915,
and with the jobbers' charge now lim
ited to 25 cents a ton and the cost of
transportation not materially increas
ed, the consumer in every com:nunity
should be ample to get coal of any de
scription at approximately the price
he paid In 1915.
sert was to a depth of two-thirds of
a mile at certain points, was near
Zonnebeke, to within a few hundred
yards of, the western outskirts of
which village they penetrated, plac
ing them about six miles from thq
railway running from Ostend through
Roulers and Roubaix to Lille. The
cutting of this line, which seems to
be the objective of Field Marshal
Haig, would seriously affect the trans
port of the Germans from their nynl
bases at Ostend and Zeebrugge
SERIOUS DISORDERS ARE 1
OCCURRING IN ARGEN
New Orleans. The gulf coast sec
tion of east Louisiana, Mississippi,
Alabama and western Florida were
emerging from the battering of the
tropical hurricane which swept in
from the Gulf of Mexico near Pilot
Town, La. The course of the storm
shifted after striking Pilot Town from
northwest to northeast and sweeping
across a narrow portion of southern
Louisiana, missed New Orleans but
struck Gulfport, Biloxi and the Mis
sissippi coast section, swept through
Mobile, where the wind reached a ve
locity of 96 miles an hour, and extend
ed east beyond Pensacola, where ac
cording to latest reports received here,
the wind was blowing 100 miles an
HEAD-ON COLLISION KILLS
27, AND INJURES MANY
Kellyville, Okla. Twenty-seven
persons are known to have been kill
ed and more than a score injured in
a neaa-on collision Detween a west
bound St. Louis and San Francisco
passenger train and an empty train,
which had been used for transporting
troops, one mile southwest of Kelly
ville. At 9 o'clock the bodies of seven
white men, three Indians and 17 ne
groes had been taken from the wreck
age of the passenger coaches, three of
which were telescoped.
The passenger train is said to have
been ordered to wait at a siding here
for the empty troop' train to pass, but
for some reason pulled out of the sta
tion and met the eastbound train
Itead-on at a bridge nver Pole Cat
S. COMMISSIONER NICHOL8
ENDS LIFE AT RALEIGH
Buenos Aires. Serious disorders
occurred in various parts of the cap
ital as the result of an anti-German
manifestation and strike agitations.
As art outcome of the firing upon
street cars by strikers or sympathiz
ers, an inspector wa3 killed and sev
eral persons were wounded. In sym
pathy with the anti-German demon
stration of business houses In the city
closed their doors.
Raleigh. N. C. United States Com
missioner John Nichols, 84 years of
age, at one time a member of Con
gress, shot himself through the back
of the head in his office at the post
office building here and died a few
minutes after he had been rushed to
a local hospital. He left a note in his
office, which read: "Old, poor and
blind; what's the use of living?" He
wa3 said to have been the oldest Ma
,son in North Carolina
Solicitor Hayden Says Papers In Rc
wan Clerk's Office Will Bf?-
- Value to 8tate or Mans. .".
Salisbury r All the papera that 'wef
turned over to me by, Mr,DoolIng
says Solicitor Hayden Clement, "
now in the office of the clerk of t
superior court of Rowan county aif
I am perfectly willing to show tiJ
to Mr. Means' attorneys atany tir
they desire to see them." s. i " ,
In a lengthy . interview, explain,
the "papers," thf solicitor states t
the papers brought to North. -Oarolf
and turned over to him consist
one package of letters. He hasf
. . ' . . -.
yet exammea uiem, dut is sure
what Mr. Doollng says they will fc
no benefit to either the .state o;
The solicitor insists that Mean's I
torneys are trying to prevent u
Dooling from bringing certain p.
to North Carolina under thrc(
seizure and that these papers
more damaging to Means than
flcial. He expresses anxiety oe
prospects of betting these par "x
the trial next month. ne w
- " it PI!
At the conclusion of the hear.
Gastonia the dar before brongtt , f
E. T. Cansler, attorney for Gasv;
Means to have John T-. DooU'tfOJj
district attorney's office toother,-
appear before Judge dliTnenM
bury October 8 to answer ?cc
contempt of court, Judge W P1
nxrunced that he would make.1
Attorneys for Means brought
tion for contempt of court agali
Doofling after he had refuel
charge, to deliver up paPlet0J
demanded in the order of Ja
issued. The papers are thosk,-
were taken from Gaston Means
ment in New York and are 'now
posed to be in the possession
attorneys for the prosecution, a!ao t
alleged second will "of J. C. SittgrJ
mer husband of Mrs. Maude -A- Y -
Solicitor - Clement , appeared'"'
Dooling at the hearing af
that he had affidavits frorf'
ing and witnesses from
stating that they had if''
hhn (Mr. Clement) a
case which they had.
alleged second wi
the papers. He de
to humiliate and intin-ifrjlll
who had voluntarily comtPS:,,
York to appear for the Btate;
King-Means case. Stating th
papers In the case, were Ir
session, he said that-"the.att-;
the defense were weleonv,.'
of any papers he might Y
being no disposition on
the Btate to withhold this ;
from them. t"
E. T. Cansler, of coutv
stated that the defen
only asking for hli lr
which Mr. CansJ
been wrongfully taV
and he stated that
been taken in trl? '
the papers were-jff
might have the i'
He stated thK
Judge Webb's orctr !X
Dooling had refused t
der and should tbere '
oontempt of court.
Child Crushed to
Rocky Mount. Little - -
VIck, the 9-year-old son iuuv
Mrs. D. J. Vick, of this cur,
crushed to death between two piles
lumber. The little reuow was p.
ing alone at the timet and it-se;
that one of the piles of lumoer
over on him, killing him ,alrn- 1
University Has Over Thousand!.
Chapel Hill. At the end. of its v ,
ond week of work the University vl
Ncrth Carolina already has LOSO 'stu
dents registered in the varies
courses. There has been only a vry
slight falling off in the acadere.
courses, the largest decline In alter
ance coming in the law, t,vs err
and graduate departments, utero 1
men are older. Th medical d
ment has enrolled nearly :,i
men as last year. Tl:e i -students
this year who : . ;".
to so into medicine is also larj