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ADMITTED TO BIRTH
DIRECTOR OF CENSUS S. L. ROG
ERS CONGRATULATES NORTH
CAROLINA HEALTH BUREAU.
DISPATCHES FROM RALEIGH
Doings and Happenings That Mark
the Progress of North Carolina Peo
ple, Gathered Around the State
That North Carolina has been ad
mitted to the birth registration area
of the United States, beginning Jan
uary 1, 1917, and is admitted as the
thirteenth State in the Union and one
of three Southern States is according
to a letter received by Dr. W. S. Ran
kin, secretary of the State Board of
H3flth, from Sam L. Rogers, director
of the Federal census bureau.
The letter reads: "It gives me
great pleasure to inform you that
North Carolina measured well over 90
per cent and has been admitted to the
registration area for births for the
year 1917. A detailed report of the
test will be sent you shortly. Our
special agents have returned from
North Carolina and have nothing but
glowing accounts to give of the cor
dial reception given them and of the
efficiency of your registration sys
tem." This means, according to the State
Board of Health, that North Carolina
is reporting all, or at least over 90 per
cent of her births and that birth sta
tistics as well as her death statistics
will be accepted by the United States
and foreign governments. For the
past month two special agents from
the Federal Census Department offi
cially inspected the completeness of
the birth reporting made to the Vital
Statistics Department of the Board
and found that the State was not only
reporting far above the required per
centage, but that the work was done
The other States that have preceded
North Carolina into the birth registra
tion area are the six New England
States New York, Pennsylvania,
Michigan, Minnesota, Virginia and
Kentucky. The latter two were admit
ted this year.
More Hog Cholera Work In State.
Because the campaign for cleaning
up hog cholera in the section around
Elizabeth City has shown what may
be done along this line, the National
Department of Agriculture co-operating
with the State Department has de
termined to greatly extend this work,
and has placed two additional hog
cholera experts in the state to aid Dr.
F. D. Owen in eradicating this dis
ease. The first campaign of education and
demonstration in the methods of hog
cholera control was begun in 1914.
when Doctor Owen was assigned to
this state with headquarters at Ral
eigh Later the work was intensified
by taking only a small territory around
Elizabeth City, much of which is In
free range territory, to see If it would
be possible to eradicate the dlease in
this territory. The results of this test
proved very successful and now two
men will be located in the eastern
section of the state with headquarters
at Elizabeth City and Wilmington,
while Doctor Owen will be available
to citizens over the entire state.
The work as outlined will be divided
Into two phases. The first will be
educational and demonstrations In
which the county agents of the Agri
cultural Extension Service will ba
used to aid in awakening swine grow
ers to the danger of the hog cholera
disease. The second will be In the na
ture of sanitary control work in which
the co-operation will be with the State
Veterinarian of the Agricultural De
partment. Director B. W. Kilgore, of
the Agricultural Extension Service,
will co-operate with Doctor Owen in
the educational side of his work; and
Doctor O. H. Graham, State Veterin
arian, will co-operate in the sanitary
Under the program of education and
demonstration, meetings will be held
throughout the State, demonstrations
In the methods of immunization of
swine through the administration of
anti-hog . cholera serum will be given,
swine growers will be taught the eco
nomic value of the anti-hog cholera
serum and county agents will be as
sisted In controlling epidemics of hog
cholera whenever there is great need.
Meetings will also be arranged by the
county agents when there seems to be
need of such educational movement.
Two New Charters Granted.
H. W. F. Co., of Ellerbe, to conduct
general mercanitle establishment with
150,000 authorized capital and S10.000
subscribed. The Incorporators are J.
J. Henderson, J. W. Webb, and W..M.
Henderson, all of Ellerbe.
The Rowan Supply Company of Bur
gaw, with $25,000 authorized capital
and $300 subscribed. The incorpora
tors are E. R. MIxon. W. H. Whitle
and R. R. Fleming, all of Burgaw.
The Food Administration Is protect
ing the patriot against the slacker in
Millers Will Protest to Hoover.
A delegation of grain millers of the
state was here trying to have the fed
eral food control division suspend an
order against the importation of wheat
into North Carolina. The order has
been imposed on the ground that
North Carolina raises sufficient wheat
for the needs of the people of the
There are 180 grain mills in the
state, 32 of which import more or less
wheat from other states. These mill
ers Insist that they cannot operate
their mills if they are cut out of tin
wheat they have heretofore brought
in to supply their trade.
The millers, with the co-operation
of the state department of agriculture
will make up a detailed official state
ment of the real situation in this state
and present it to the federal food con
trol authorities with demand for read
justment of the order as to Importa
tion of wheat Into this state.
The millers held a conference with
Henry A. Page, federal food adminis
trator for this state, and the situation
was thoroughly canvassed. It devel
oped that there are really more than
4,000,000 bushels of wheat brought
into the state for milling purposes and
something like 250,000 bushels export
ed in the shape of flour and other
mill products. The best estimates
seem to be that nearly nine-tenths of
the wheat produced in the state is
ground by the small mills on the "cus
tom" basis of tolls for the grinding
That this state must produce some
thing like 8,000,000 more bushels of
wheat before the state can be really
said to be self-sustaining In the pro
duction of Its wheat bread, is the contention.
Do Spring Plowing Early 1 Advice.
One important piece of the spring
work which can often be gotten out of
the way in the fall and early winter to
good advantage is a part at least of
the plowing. Officials of the Agricul
utral College give the following argu
ments in its favor:
1. There is more time in fall than i
spring and every day saved can be
used for preparing and planting when
the spring rush comes.
2. Hired help can be kept employed
at this and other winter work Instead
of being turned off and lost.
3. Teams are harder and in better
working condition in fall, and thu
weather is cooler for the heavy work.
4. Land is generally In good condi
tion to turn in fall, which may be too
wet early or too dry later if left until
5. Stiff,' "bakey" soils may be
crumbled and improved In condition
and come plant-food freed by exposure
to freezing and thawing.
6. Tough sods will rot more quickly
if fall plowed, and can be disked up
into a better seed-bed with less labor. I
7. Fall plowed land, left rough, will I
absorb more water and melting snow . 4
8. wire worms, white grubs and
other insect pests, as well as shallow
rooted weeds, such as garlic and
weedy grasses, are injured and often
killed by turning up and freezing.
Light soils subject to washing
should not be plowed in the fall. There
is little danger of difficulty in work
ing fall plowed land up loose and mel
low if a disk harrow is used whea
moisture conditions are right.
Organize Peanut Growers.
Mr. W. R. Camp has returned to hi3
office from a trip made to a meeting
of the peanut growers of North Caro
lina and Virginia at Suffolk, where In
co-operation with the marketing offi
cials of the State of Virginia, he took
steps to form the Virginia-Carolina
Peanut Growers Association for the
purpose of securing for the growers
just and equitable prices for their
Mr. C. W. Mitchell of Aulander, a
member of the State Board of Agricul
ture, was elected president of the as
sociation; Mr. Frank Shields of Scot
land Neck, vice-president; and Mr.
George M. Inman, of Waverly, Va.,
secretary- treasurer. The directors of
the organization are A. F. Mathew.
Waverly, Va., J. L. Wynne, Everetts,
N. C; J. T. Robertson, Wakefield, Va.;
S. B. Winburn, Conio, N. C; E W.
Crichton, Capron, Va.; E. N. Elliott,
Tyner, N. C.
In general, the objects of the asso
ciation are to promote the mutual ir
terests of growers in producing, bant
ling and marketing of the peanut crop.
Any peanut grower in the State may
become a member upon payment of
the dues of one dollar per year.
"It is of interest to know," says Mr.
Camp, "that not more than 50 per cent
of a crop will be made in North Caro
lina and Virginia, according to reports
made at the meeting by visiting dele
gates from peanut counties. Earlier In
the season, it was thought that two
thirds of a crop would be made but
later reports have shown this to be an
About one hundred thousand manu
facturers, wholesalers and other dls
tributors of staple goods are now un
der the licensing provisions of the
Food Control Act.
Peterson Case Continued.
Maj. George L. Peterson, under in
dictment on the charge of $7,600 short
age in accounts as property and dis
bursing officer of the North Carolina
national guard, procured the continu
ance of his case in Wake county su
perior court this afternoon, renewed
his $10,000 bond and returned to Camp
Sevier, where he is on the quartermas
ter's staff c the thirtieth division.
The grand Jury made the formal re
turn of a true bill, but the trial of the
case Is uncertain.
CtvfrAw -'"- t . .wa.w.v.ww vf.x,wy,yfy.y.-:&
1 Scene at a divisional headquarters of the British during one of the big battles on the west front 2 Mem
bers of an American college girls' trench candle brigade making candles of rolled paper boiled In paraffin. 3
Gen. Herbert C. O. Plumer, appointed commander of the British forces sent to aid the Italians.
NEWS REVIEW OF
THE PAST WEEK
Interallied War Conference in
Paris Opens With Russia
the Big Topic.
LENINE DEALS WITH B0CHES
Germans Accept Bolshevikl Proposal
of Armistice Signs of Collapse of
Radical "Government" Ital
ian Crisis Considered Over
Supreme War Coun
cil for United States.
By EDWARD W. PICKARD.
The great interallied war conference
opened in Paris on Thursday and the
world is justified In expecting momen
tous results from it, though they may
not be Immediately evident.
Aside from the question of unified
control of the war, one of the most
important matters considered by the
conference, of course, was the Russian
situation. This was rapidly moving
to a climax, for during the week the
representatives of the bolshevik! gov
ernment crossed over to the German
side and made their proposition of an
armistice on all fronts of the belliger
ent countries. Since this plan coin
cides with Germany's desires and
doubtless was Inspired by her, the
German authorities accepted the sug
gestion and set December 2 for a con
ference on the subject. Meanwhile
members of the German general staff
were in Petrograd advising Lenine and
The conference in Paris took under
consideration the Issuance of a "rea
soned statement for the guidance and
warning of the Russians as to the
serious results that are likely to fol
low if a separate peace is concluded,"
to quote the conservative language of
Lord Robert Cecil. This means noth
ing less than that the Petrograd rad
icals, and Russia if they are able to
impose their will on the country, will
be recognized as enemies of the allied
nations. The ambassadors of the al
lies and of the United States were
said to be waiting for the meeting of
the Russian constituent assembly,
elections for which were held last
week though the results were not
known at the time of writing.
Hope in Southeastern Russia.
There are growing indications that,
when the froth and spume of the pres
ent bolshevik! revolution in Russia
have blown away, the original revolu
tionists of last March, men like Mil
youkoff, who have brains and experi
ence as well as Ideals, will come to
the surface again and regain a control
that may save their distracted coun
try from the talon3 of the Prussian
The beginning of the end for Lenine
was reported to have come on Friday,
when, according to dispatches from
Petrograd, his cabinet was succeeded
by a coalition ministry of advanced
Socialists and other factions, with the
Bolshevik! in the minority.
Despite the fact that the second and
fifth armies last week gave their ad
herence to the Bolshevikl "govern
ment," Lenine and Trotzky have
shown no slightest evidence of
their ability to rule Russia, and
whether or not they be knowingly
agents of Germany, their actions are
all for the benefit of the central pow
ers. If the armistice they ask for
were followed by the kind of peace
they advocate, Russia would lie open
to Germany as a ripe field for merci
less exploitation and the Germans
would gain Infinitely more than they
possibly would lose In western Eu
rope. The hopefulness in the situation lies
far away from Petrograd. A great or
ganization known as the Southeastern
union has been formed, embracing the
Don territory, most of Little Russia,
the lower Volga region and Turkestan.
This is the great grain-growing part of
Russia, the territory that feeds the
rest, and steps are bring taken to add
to the union the corn-producing part
of Siberia. In all this territory, rough
ly speaking, General KsiUdines, het
iiiau of the Cossacks, Is in control, ami
h. la turn. Is controlled by leuder-
who have not yielded to the dictation
of Lenine and his bolshevikists. More
over, the Immense gold reserve of the
Russian empire, which was removed
from Petrograd to the Kremlin in 1913.
has been taken still further into the
Interior and is out of the reach of the
maximalists. Whether Kaledines and
the Cossacks will chose to suftport the
social democrats or will aid in a res
toration of the monarchy Is not clear.
But sane friends of order, democracy
and freedom feel that anything would
be better than the reign of anarchy
and civil war that threatens Russia
The soldiers who remain at the
front are walling bitterly because of
the shortage of food, and there Is a
fine prospect of hundreds of thousands
of these fighting men turning back in
to their country half-starved and
ready to pillage and ravage It without
Italy's Danger Lessened.
The heroic Italian troops having
demonstrated their ability to hold back
about four times as many Teutons
along the Piave front, the fears of a
more extended invasion of Italy and
cf the capture of Venice are lessening.
During the week great numbers of re
enforcements arrived from the British
and French armies on the west front,
many of them having marched eight
days through the mountains. They
brought with them ample artillery and
supplies. Italian reserves in great
masses, young, well-equipped and full
of spirit, also moved north to relieve
those who have been combating the
Invaders, and In some places the Ital
ians took the offensive. The fighting,
especially between the Piave and the
Brenta, continued fierce and unabated
throughout the week, and the losses
on both sides were heavy, but the Aus-tro-Germans
made no further gains.
Down toward the Adriatic they made
repeated attempts to cross the river
and the flooded lands in pontoons, but
were completely routed by the Italian
artillery. As the week closed the situ
ation In Italy was still serious, but im
proving each day.
Gen. F. B. Maurice, chief director
of military operations in the British
war office, was especially well satis
fied with the week's developments in
Italy. From the fact that Germany
had hot brought up vast re-enforcements
to follow up the initial success
with a decisive blow, he concluded
that Germany was unable to send
them. It is now time, he declared,
to say definitely that the crisis In
Italy has passed, this being due en
tirely to the efforts of the Italian
army. "Anglo-French troops are now
available in sufficient quantities to
satisfy us that the situation is se
cure," he concluded.
Hard Fighting Around Cambrai.
The war has seen no more desperate
fighting than has followed on the heels
of General Byng's sensational thrust
toward Cambrai. Crown Prince Rup
precht seemed determined not to let
that city fall into the hands of the
British, or at least to make it a costly
prize, and his constantly re-enforced
troops were sent against the British
in Bourlon wood again and again and
in the village of Fontaine, which
changed hands several times. Byng's
men held on tenaciously and usually
had the best of It In the hand-to-hand
fighting as well as in the artillery com
bats, and the tanks continued to play
their part. These monsters often
cleared the way for the infantry, and
iri at least one Instance, when they
were themselves held up by superior
forces, the British airmen, flying dar
ingly low, routed the enemy with ma
chine gun fire and permitted the tanks
to go on. Altogether, it has been the
most spectacular battle of the war, and
it has cost the Germans a great many
of their best men.
General Byng last week seemed to
be endeavoring to break through to the
north of Cambrai, a movement that
probably would compel the enemy to
fall back on a wide front. Cambrai it
self seems doomed to destruction.
General Pershing last week sent
over his second casualty list. It gave
the names of two privates who were
killed in the trenches by German ar
tillery fire and of five severely
U. S. Supreme War Council.
While urgently advising upon our
allies more unified action In the prose
cution of the wur, the administration
s not overlooking the need for similar
-o-ordinated effort at home. On Tues
luy a great step toward centralized
-ont.rt 1 of ull the couutry's resources
was taken In the appointment of a su
perior war council through which all
the war activities of the government
will be enabled to work together. This
council Is made up of the members of
the council of national defense Secre
taries Baker, Daniels, Lane, Houston.
Redfield and Wilson Secretary Mc- 1
Adoo, Chairman Hurley of the ship
ping board, Food Administrator Hoov
er, Fuel Administrator Garfield and
Chairman Wlilard of the war indus
tries board. Director Glfford of the
council of national defense will sit
with this superior council, and Presi
dent Wilson will meet with it when
ever he thinks It advisable.
The government Is making a deter
mined effort to settle the troubles of
the railways and Its own problems In
the matter of transportation, and just
now the plan of a railroad pool for all
lines east of Chicago is being tried out.
If this Is not successful, it is predict
ed, the government may take over the
operation of all American railways.
President Wilson proclaimed a new
embargo on the Importation of many
articles that are essentials of muni
tions of war, without the express per
mission of the government. This will
operate to conserve American tonnage
for war purposes and to facilitate the
importation of raw materials and oth
er supplies necessary in the manufac
ture of munitions. This assumption
of control over imports, provided for
In the embargo act, gives the govern
ment a powerful weapon for the eco
nomic war on Germany and can be
directed also against neutral traders
suspected of supplying the central
powers with American goods.
President Wilson on Monday ap
proved a recommendation of Mr.
Hoover reducing the alcoholic content
of beer to 3 per cent and reducing the
amount of grain used by brewers to
about 70 per cent of the volume hither
to consumed. Prohibition of all brew
ing, the administration believes, would
divert tipplers from the comparatively
harmless beer to the consumption of
whisky, brandy and gin, of which there
Is in the country enough to last seve
No War on Austria Yet.
Vigorous enforcement of the orders
restricting enemy aliens made things
rather lively last week for German
residents, especially of the large cities.
But the hope that the administration
would make easier the checking of es
pionnge by having congress declare
war on Austria went glimmering. For
reasons which could not be made pub
lic, President Wilson and bis cabinet
agreed that no declaration against the
dual monarchy should be made unless
it commits some further especially
hostile acts. The president pointed out
the fact that the enemy alien law could
be amended to include the subjects of
countries allied with Germany, as was
done in the trading with the enemy
act, and Attorney General Gregory ut
once began the preparation of such an
Vatican Replies to Critics.
Unusually bold criticism of the
course of the Vatican by n number of
papers, and assertions that the pope
had been fostering the cause of Aus
tria, bad been far from neutral and
should le called on to make his posi
tion clear, brought forth indignant de
nial from Cardinal Gnspnrrl, papal
secretary of state. Said he: "To say
that his holiness favors, or has fa
vored, or will favor an unjust, un
christian, 11 ml unendurable peace Is
not only false but also absurd. Any
propaganda for such a peace, alleged
to be conducted at the Vatican's In
spiration, especially In certain nations.
Is the product of pure maliciousness."
He asserted that the disruptive
propaganda that began to affect the
morale of the Italian army could not
be laid at the doors of the Vatican,
and that "the shoulders on which
rests the responsibility for the re
verses are well-known, a responsibility
which certainly does not touch Cath
olics, the clergy and least of all the
august person of the sovereign pon
tiff." I lis eminence made no reference to
the Sinn Fein rebellion In Ireland.
One of the first matters taken up by
the Interallied conference in Paris was
the need of speedy diplomatic action
in regard to Switzerland, where Ger
man intrigue is imperiling the neu
trality of the country and gaining eco
nomical domination through control of
the Swiss railways. The Swiss federal
council Is becoming anxious over Ger
man military movements on the froa
It Saves 9c.
No advance in price for thU JO-year
old remedy 25c for 24 tablet Some
cold tablet now 30c for 21 tablets
Figured on proportionate coat per
tablet, you aave 9 'Ac when you buy
HiU't -Cure Cold
in 24 houra grip
in 3 dayi Money
back if itfaita.
24 Tablet, for 25c.
At any Drug Store
Reduces Bursal Enlargements,
Thickened, Swollen Tissues,
Curbs, Filled Tendons, Sore
ness from Bruises or Strains
stops Spavin Lameness, allays pain.
Does not blister, remove the hair 01
lay up the horse. $2.00 a bottle
at druggists or delivered. Book 1 M free.
ABSORBINE, JR., for mankind a
antiseptic liniment for bruises, cuts, wounds,
strains, painful, swollen veins or glands. It
heals and soothes. $1.C0 a bottle at drug
gists or postpaid. Will tell you more if you
write. Made in the U. S. A. by
W. F.YOUNG. P. D. F.. J10TdidU SUSprlnflfletd. Mast.
DROPSY TREATMENT. Glre. quick relief!.
" Boon ivmo?ei swelling and short
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Try It. Trial treatment tent FREE, by mail.
Write to DR. THOMAS E. CREEN
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nfrPTV A MC DAD TNT absolutely non-detect
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Write for prices. L. N. 11 AND, Kast Spencer, N. U.
"You say this young actress has been
married six times?"
"Her press agent can give you the
names and dates."
"She doesn't look it."
"Probably not. Most of the wear
and tear was suffered by her six hus
bands." KIDNEY TROUBLE NOT
Applicants for Insurance Often
An examining physician for one of the
prominent life insurance companies, in an
interview of the subject, made the as
tonishing statement that one reason why
60 many applicants for insurance are re
jected is because kidney trouble is so com
mon to the American people, and the large
majority of those whose applications are
declined do not even suspect that they
have the disease.
Judging from reports from druggists
' who are constantly in direct touch with
the public, there is o.ie preparation that
has been very successful in overcoming
these conditions. The mild and healing
influence of Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root ia
soon realized. It starts the highest for
its remarkable record of success.
We find that Swamp-Root is strictly
an herbal compound and we would ad
vise our readers who feel in need of such a
remedy to give it a trial. It is on sale
it all drug stores in bottles of two sizes,
medium and large.
However, if you wish first to test this
great preparation send ten cents to Dr.
Kilmer & Co., I'.inghamton, N. Y., for a
sample bottle. When writing be sure and
mention 'this paper. Adv.
A woman wouldn't think she was
housecleaning if she didn't get all the
articles her husband needed most in
the most inaccessible places the very
A BRIGHT, CLEAR COMPLEXION
Is always admired, and it is the lauda
ble ambition of every woman to do all
she can to make herself attractive.
Many of our southern women have
found that Tet ferine is invaluable for
clearing up blotches, Itchy patches,
etc., and making the skin soft and
velvety. The worst cases of eczema
and other torturing skin diseases yield
to Tetterine. Sold by druggists or sent
by mail for 50c. by Shuptrine Co.,
Savannah, Ga. Adv.
C. G. Ihuiielson of Hardin, Colo.,
cleared $0 an acre this year on 13
acres of oats; expenses deducted.
To Cure fold in One Pay , .
Take LAX ATI VH BKOMO Ol'lNINS Tablet.
PniBKlsts refund money if It fails to cure. M.
UKOV'H S signature U on each box. Sue.
New South Wales cuts unripe wheat
am mm JMftllllMIIIIHinillllMIMMIIIMtlJI
J? i Murine Is tor Tired Eyes, f
MOVICS Red Eye Sore Eyes
a Granulated Byellds. Resta a
S Refreshes -Restores. Mnrine Is a FaTortt
E Treatment for Hves that reel drj' nl smart. -H
GlTBTour Hre as much of roor loving care a
as tout Teeth and with the same regularity. -
CMC FOR THEM. 0U CMNOT BUY HEW EYES!
gold at lmiB and Optical Stores or bj Mall, a
Ask Murint Er Imbssy Co, ChiMid, for Frst Book i