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The Roanoke beacon. (Plymouth, N.C.) 1889-1929, December 07, 1917, Image 3

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ADMITTED TO BIRTH REGISTRATIO DIRECTOR OF CENSUS S. L. ROG ERS CONGRATULATES NORTH CAROLINA HEALTH BUREAU. DISPATCHES FROM RALEIGH Doings and Happenings That Mark the Progress of North Carolina Peo ple, Gathered Around the State Capital. Raleigh. That North Carolina has been ad mitted to the birth registration area of the United States, beginning Jan uary 1, 1917, and is admitted as the thirteenth State in the Union and one of three Southern States is according to a letter received by Dr. W. S. Ran kin, secretary of the State Board of H3flth, from Sam L. Rogers, director of the Federal census bureau. The letter reads: "It gives me great pleasure to inform you that North Carolina measured well over 90 per cent and has been admitted to the registration area for births for the year 1917. A detailed report of the test will be sent you shortly. Our special agents have returned from North Carolina and have nothing but glowing accounts to give of the cor dial reception given them and of the efficiency of your registration sys tem." This means, according to the State Board of Health, that North Carolina is reporting all, or at least over 90 per cent of her births and that birth sta tistics as well as her death statistics will be accepted by the United States and foreign governments. For the past month two special agents from the Federal Census Department offi cially inspected the completeness of the birth reporting made to the Vital Statistics Department of the Board and found that the State was not only reporting far above the required per centage, but that the work was done most efficiently. The other States that have preceded North Carolina into the birth registra tion area are the six New England States New York, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Minnesota, Virginia and Kentucky. The latter two were admit ted this year. More Hog Cholera Work In State. Because the campaign for cleaning up hog cholera in the section around Elizabeth City has shown what may be done along this line, the National Department of Agriculture co-operating with the State Department has de termined to greatly extend this work, and has placed two additional hog cholera experts in the state to aid Dr. F. D. Owen in eradicating this dis ease. The first campaign of education and demonstration in the methods of hog cholera control was begun in 1914. when Doctor Owen was assigned to this state with headquarters at Ral eigh Later the work was intensified by taking only a small territory around Elizabeth City, much of which is In free range territory, to see If it would be possible to eradicate the dlease in this territory. The results of this test proved very successful and now two men will be located in the eastern section of the state with headquarters at Elizabeth City and Wilmington, while Doctor Owen will be available to citizens over the entire state. The work as outlined will be divided Into two phases. The first will be educational and demonstrations In which the county agents of the Agri cultural Extension Service will ba used to aid in awakening swine grow ers to the danger of the hog cholera disease. The second will be In the na ture of sanitary control work in which the co-operation will be with the State Veterinarian of the Agricultural De partment. Director B. W. Kilgore, of the Agricultural Extension Service, will co-operate with Doctor Owen in the educational side of his work; and Doctor O. H. Graham, State Veterin arian, will co-operate in the sanitary control work. Under the program of education and demonstration, meetings will be held throughout the State, demonstrations In the methods of immunization of swine through the administration of anti-hog . cholera serum will be given, swine growers will be taught the eco nomic value of the anti-hog cholera serum and county agents will be as sisted In controlling epidemics of hog cholera whenever there is great need. Meetings will also be arranged by the county agents when there seems to be need of such educational movement. Two New Charters Granted. H. W. F. Co., of Ellerbe, to conduct general mercanitle establishment with 150,000 authorized capital and S10.000 subscribed. The Incorporators are J. J. Henderson, J. W. Webb, and W..M. Henderson, all of Ellerbe. The Rowan Supply Company of Bur gaw, with $25,000 authorized capital and $300 subscribed. The incorpora tors are E. R. MIxon. W. H. Whitle and R. R. Fleming, all of Burgaw. The Food Administration Is protect ing the patriot against the slacker in business. Millers Will Protest to Hoover. A delegation of grain millers of the state was here trying to have the fed eral food control division suspend an order against the importation of wheat into North Carolina. The order has been imposed on the ground that North Carolina raises sufficient wheat for the needs of the people of the state. There are 180 grain mills in the state, 32 of which import more or less wheat from other states. These mill ers Insist that they cannot operate their mills if they are cut out of tin wheat they have heretofore brought in to supply their trade. The millers, with the co-operation of the state department of agriculture will make up a detailed official state ment of the real situation in this state and present it to the federal food con trol authorities with demand for read justment of the order as to Importa tion of wheat Into this state. The millers held a conference with Henry A. Page, federal food adminis trator for this state, and the situation was thoroughly canvassed. It devel oped that there are really more than 4,000,000 bushels of wheat brought into the state for milling purposes and something like 250,000 bushels export ed in the shape of flour and other mill products. The best estimates seem to be that nearly nine-tenths of the wheat produced in the state is ground by the small mills on the "cus tom" basis of tolls for the grinding in seed. That this state must produce some thing like 8,000,000 more bushels of wheat before the state can be really said to be self-sustaining In the pro duction of Its wheat bread, is the contention. Do Spring Plowing Early 1 Advice. One important piece of the spring work which can often be gotten out of the way in the fall and early winter to good advantage is a part at least of the plowing. Officials of the Agricul utral College give the following argu ments in its favor: 1. There is more time in fall than i spring and every day saved can be used for preparing and planting when the spring rush comes. 2. Hired help can be kept employed at this and other winter work Instead of being turned off and lost. 3. Teams are harder and in better working condition in fall, and thu weather is cooler for the heavy work. 4. Land is generally In good condi tion to turn in fall, which may be too wet early or too dry later if left until spring. 5. Stiff,' "bakey" soils may be crumbled and improved In condition and come plant-food freed by exposure to freezing and thawing. 6. Tough sods will rot more quickly if fall plowed, and can be disked up into a better seed-bed with less labor. I 7. Fall plowed land, left rough, will I absorb more water and melting snow . 4 8. wire worms, white grubs and other insect pests, as well as shallow rooted weeds, such as garlic and weedy grasses, are injured and often killed by turning up and freezing. Light soils subject to washing should not be plowed in the fall. There is little danger of difficulty in work ing fall plowed land up loose and mel low if a disk harrow is used whea moisture conditions are right. Organize Peanut Growers. Mr. W. R. Camp has returned to hi3 office from a trip made to a meeting of the peanut growers of North Caro lina and Virginia at Suffolk, where In co-operation with the marketing offi cials of the State of Virginia, he took steps to form the Virginia-Carolina Peanut Growers Association for the purpose of securing for the growers just and equitable prices for their product. Mr. C. W. Mitchell of Aulander, a member of the State Board of Agricul ture, was elected president of the as sociation; Mr. Frank Shields of Scot land Neck, vice-president; and Mr. George M. Inman, of Waverly, Va., secretary- treasurer. The directors of the organization are A. F. Mathew. Waverly, Va., J. L. Wynne, Everetts, N. C; J. T. Robertson, Wakefield, Va.; S. B. Winburn, Conio, N. C; E W. Crichton, Capron, Va.; E. N. Elliott, Tyner, N. C. In general, the objects of the asso ciation are to promote the mutual ir terests of growers in producing, bant ling and marketing of the peanut crop. Any peanut grower in the State may become a member upon payment of the dues of one dollar per year. "It is of interest to know," says Mr. Camp, "that not more than 50 per cent of a crop will be made in North Caro lina and Virginia, according to reports made at the meeting by visiting dele gates from peanut counties. Earlier In the season, it was thought that two thirds of a crop would be made but later reports have shown this to be an over estimate. About one hundred thousand manu facturers, wholesalers and other dls tributors of staple goods are now un der the licensing provisions of the Food Control Act. Peterson Case Continued. Maj. George L. Peterson, under in dictment on the charge of $7,600 short age in accounts as property and dis bursing officer of the North Carolina national guard, procured the continu ance of his case in Wake county su perior court this afternoon, renewed his $10,000 bond and returned to Camp Sevier, where he is on the quartermas ter's staff c the thirtieth division. The grand Jury made the formal re turn of a true bill, but the trial of the case Is uncertain. CtvfrAw -'"- t . .wa.w.v.ww vf.x,wy,yfy.y.-:& 1 Scene at a divisional headquarters of the British during one of the big battles on the west front 2 Mem bers of an American college girls' trench candle brigade making candles of rolled paper boiled In paraffin. 3 Gen. Herbert C. O. Plumer, appointed commander of the British forces sent to aid the Italians. NEWS REVIEW OF THE PAST WEEK Interallied War Conference in Paris Opens With Russia the Big Topic. LENINE DEALS WITH B0CHES Germans Accept Bolshevikl Proposal of Armistice Signs of Collapse of Radical "Government" Ital ian Crisis Considered Over Supreme War Coun cil for United States. By EDWARD W. PICKARD. The great interallied war conference opened in Paris on Thursday and the world is justified In expecting momen tous results from it, though they may not be Immediately evident. Aside from the question of unified control of the war, one of the most important matters considered by the conference, of course, was the Russian situation. This was rapidly moving to a climax, for during the week the representatives of the bolshevik! gov ernment crossed over to the German side and made their proposition of an armistice on all fronts of the belliger ent countries. Since this plan coin cides with Germany's desires and doubtless was Inspired by her, the German authorities accepted the sug gestion and set December 2 for a con ference on the subject. Meanwhile members of the German general staff were in Petrograd advising Lenine and Trotzky. The conference in Paris took under consideration the Issuance of a "rea soned statement for the guidance and warning of the Russians as to the serious results that are likely to fol low if a separate peace is concluded," to quote the conservative language of Lord Robert Cecil. This means noth ing less than that the Petrograd rad icals, and Russia if they are able to impose their will on the country, will be recognized as enemies of the allied nations. The ambassadors of the al lies and of the United States were said to be waiting for the meeting of the Russian constituent assembly, elections for which were held last week though the results were not known at the time of writing. Hope in Southeastern Russia. There are growing indications that, when the froth and spume of the pres ent bolshevik! revolution in Russia have blown away, the original revolu tionists of last March, men like Mil youkoff, who have brains and experi ence as well as Ideals, will come to the surface again and regain a control that may save their distracted coun try from the talon3 of the Prussian eagle. The beginning of the end for Lenine was reported to have come on Friday, when, according to dispatches from Petrograd, his cabinet was succeeded by a coalition ministry of advanced Socialists and other factions, with the Bolshevik! in the minority. Despite the fact that the second and fifth armies last week gave their ad herence to the Bolshevikl "govern ment," Lenine and Trotzky have shown no slightest evidence of their ability to rule Russia, and whether or not they be knowingly agents of Germany, their actions are all for the benefit of the central pow ers. If the armistice they ask for were followed by the kind of peace they advocate, Russia would lie open to Germany as a ripe field for merci less exploitation and the Germans would gain Infinitely more than they possibly would lose In western Eu rope. The hopefulness in the situation lies far away from Petrograd. A great or ganization known as the Southeastern union has been formed, embracing the Don territory, most of Little Russia, the lower Volga region and Turkestan. This is the great grain-growing part of Russia, the territory that feeds the rest, and steps are bring taken to add to the union the corn-producing part of Siberia. In all this territory, rough ly speaking, General KsiUdines, het iiiau of the Cossacks, Is in control, ami h. la turn. Is controlled by leuder- who have not yielded to the dictation of Lenine and his bolshevikists. More over, the Immense gold reserve of the Russian empire, which was removed from Petrograd to the Kremlin in 1913. has been taken still further into the Interior and is out of the reach of the maximalists. Whether Kaledines and the Cossacks will chose to suftport the social democrats or will aid in a res toration of the monarchy Is not clear. But sane friends of order, democracy and freedom feel that anything would be better than the reign of anarchy and civil war that threatens Russia now. The soldiers who remain at the front are walling bitterly because of the shortage of food, and there Is a fine prospect of hundreds of thousands of these fighting men turning back in to their country half-starved and ready to pillage and ravage It without restraint. Italy's Danger Lessened. The heroic Italian troops having demonstrated their ability to hold back about four times as many Teutons along the Piave front, the fears of a more extended invasion of Italy and cf the capture of Venice are lessening. During the week great numbers of re enforcements arrived from the British and French armies on the west front, many of them having marched eight days through the mountains. They brought with them ample artillery and supplies. Italian reserves in great masses, young, well-equipped and full of spirit, also moved north to relieve those who have been combating the Invaders, and In some places the Ital ians took the offensive. The fighting, especially between the Piave and the Brenta, continued fierce and unabated throughout the week, and the losses on both sides were heavy, but the Aus-tro-Germans made no further gains. Down toward the Adriatic they made repeated attempts to cross the river and the flooded lands in pontoons, but were completely routed by the Italian artillery. As the week closed the situ ation In Italy was still serious, but im proving each day. Gen. F. B. Maurice, chief director of military operations in the British war office, was especially well satis fied with the week's developments in Italy. From the fact that Germany had hot brought up vast re-enforcements to follow up the initial success with a decisive blow, he concluded that Germany was unable to send them. It is now time, he declared, to say definitely that the crisis In Italy has passed, this being due en tirely to the efforts of the Italian army. "Anglo-French troops are now available in sufficient quantities to satisfy us that the situation is se cure," he concluded. Hard Fighting Around Cambrai. The war has seen no more desperate fighting than has followed on the heels of General Byng's sensational thrust toward Cambrai. Crown Prince Rup precht seemed determined not to let that city fall into the hands of the British, or at least to make it a costly prize, and his constantly re-enforced troops were sent against the British in Bourlon wood again and again and in the village of Fontaine, which changed hands several times. Byng's men held on tenaciously and usually had the best of It In the hand-to-hand fighting as well as in the artillery com bats, and the tanks continued to play their part. These monsters often cleared the way for the infantry, and iri at least one Instance, when they were themselves held up by superior forces, the British airmen, flying dar ingly low, routed the enemy with ma chine gun fire and permitted the tanks to go on. Altogether, it has been the most spectacular battle of the war, and it has cost the Germans a great many of their best men. General Byng last week seemed to be endeavoring to break through to the north of Cambrai, a movement that probably would compel the enemy to fall back on a wide front. Cambrai it self seems doomed to destruction. General Pershing last week sent over his second casualty list. It gave the names of two privates who were killed in the trenches by German ar tillery fire and of five severely wounded. U. S. Supreme War Council. While urgently advising upon our allies more unified action In the prose cution of the wur, the administration s not overlooking the need for similar -o-ordinated effort at home. On Tues luy a great step toward centralized -ont.rt 1 of ull the couutry's resources was taken In the appointment of a su perior war council through which all the war activities of the government will be enabled to work together. This council Is made up of the members of the council of national defense Secre taries Baker, Daniels, Lane, Houston. Redfield and Wilson Secretary Mc- 1 Adoo, Chairman Hurley of the ship ping board, Food Administrator Hoov er, Fuel Administrator Garfield and Chairman Wlilard of the war indus tries board. Director Glfford of the council of national defense will sit with this superior council, and Presi dent Wilson will meet with it when ever he thinks It advisable. The government Is making a deter mined effort to settle the troubles of the railways and Its own problems In the matter of transportation, and just now the plan of a railroad pool for all lines east of Chicago is being tried out. If this Is not successful, it is predict ed, the government may take over the operation of all American railways. President Wilson proclaimed a new embargo on the Importation of many articles that are essentials of muni tions of war, without the express per mission of the government. This will operate to conserve American tonnage for war purposes and to facilitate the importation of raw materials and oth er supplies necessary in the manufac ture of munitions. This assumption of control over imports, provided for In the embargo act, gives the govern ment a powerful weapon for the eco nomic war on Germany and can be directed also against neutral traders suspected of supplying the central powers with American goods. President Wilson on Monday ap proved a recommendation of Mr. Hoover reducing the alcoholic content of beer to 3 per cent and reducing the amount of grain used by brewers to about 70 per cent of the volume hither to consumed. Prohibition of all brew ing, the administration believes, would divert tipplers from the comparatively harmless beer to the consumption of whisky, brandy and gin, of which there Is in the country enough to last seve eral years. No War on Austria Yet. Vigorous enforcement of the orders restricting enemy aliens made things rather lively last week for German residents, especially of the large cities. But the hope that the administration would make easier the checking of es pionnge by having congress declare war on Austria went glimmering. For reasons which could not be made pub lic, President Wilson and bis cabinet agreed that no declaration against the dual monarchy should be made unless it commits some further especially hostile acts. The president pointed out the fact that the enemy alien law could be amended to include the subjects of countries allied with Germany, as was done in the trading with the enemy act, and Attorney General Gregory ut once began the preparation of such an amendment. Vatican Replies to Critics. Unusually bold criticism of the course of the Vatican by n number of papers, and assertions that the pope had been fostering the cause of Aus tria, bad been far from neutral and should le called on to make his posi tion clear, brought forth indignant de nial from Cardinal Gnspnrrl, papal secretary of state. Said he: "To say that his holiness favors, or has fa vored, or will favor an unjust, un christian, 11 ml unendurable peace Is not only false but also absurd. Any propaganda for such a peace, alleged to be conducted at the Vatican's In spiration, especially In certain nations. Is the product of pure maliciousness." He asserted that the disruptive propaganda that began to affect the morale of the Italian army could not be laid at the doors of the Vatican, and that "the shoulders on which rests the responsibility for the re verses are well-known, a responsibility which certainly does not touch Cath olics, the clergy and least of all the august person of the sovereign pon tiff." I lis eminence made no reference to the Sinn Fein rebellion In Ireland. One of the first matters taken up by the Interallied conference in Paris was the need of speedy diplomatic action in regard to Switzerland, where Ger man intrigue is imperiling the neu trality of the country and gaining eco nomical domination through control of the Swiss railways. The Swiss federal council Is becoming anxious over Ger man military movements on the froa tier. Based On Cost Per Tablet It Saves 9c. cascaraPpuinine No advance in price for thU JO-year old remedy 25c for 24 tablet Some cold tablet now 30c for 21 tablets Figured on proportionate coat per tablet, you aave 9 'Ac when you buy HiU't -Cure Cold in 24 houra grip in 3 dayi Money back if itfaita. 24 Tablet, for 25c. At any Drug Store Reduces Bursal Enlargements, Thickened, Swollen Tissues, Curbs, Filled Tendons, Sore ness from Bruises or Strains stops Spavin Lameness, allays pain. Does not blister, remove the hair 01 lay up the horse. $2.00 a bottle at druggists or delivered. Book 1 M free. ABSORBINE, JR., for mankind a antiseptic liniment for bruises, cuts, wounds, strains, painful, swollen veins or glands. It heals and soothes. $1.C0 a bottle at drug gists or postpaid. Will tell you more if you write. Made in the U. S. A. by W. F.YOUNG. P. D. F.. J10TdidU SUSprlnflfletd. Mast. DROPSY TREATMENT. Glre. quick relief!. " Boon ivmo?ei swelling and short Dreatn. nerer neara oc in eqnm ror aropay. Try It. Trial treatment tent FREE, by mail. Write to DR. THOMAS E. CREEN Baak Bids-, Boa 20. - OH T WORTH. nfrPTV A MC DAD TNT absolutely non-detect Ullrl A. or HIV. able; strongest made. Write for prices. L. N. 11 AND, Kast Spencer, N. U. Poor Men. "You say this young actress has been married six times?" "Her press agent can give you the names and dates." "She doesn't look it." "Probably not. Most of the wear and tear was suffered by her six hus bands." KIDNEY TROUBLE NOT EASILY RECOGNIZED Applicants for Insurance Often Rejected An examining physician for one of the prominent life insurance companies, in an interview of the subject, made the as tonishing statement that one reason why 60 many applicants for insurance are re jected is because kidney trouble is so com mon to the American people, and the large majority of those whose applications are declined do not even suspect that they have the disease. Judging from reports from druggists ' who are constantly in direct touch with the public, there is preparation that has been very successful in overcoming these conditions. The mild and healing influence of Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root ia soon realized. It starts the highest for its remarkable record of success. We find that Swamp-Root is strictly an herbal compound and we would ad vise our readers who feel in need of such a remedy to give it a trial. It is on sale it all drug stores in bottles of two sizes, medium and large. However, if you wish first to test this great preparation send ten cents to Dr. Kilmer & Co., I'.inghamton, N. Y., for a sample bottle. When writing be sure and mention 'this paper. Adv. Typical Housecleaning. A woman wouldn't think she was housecleaning if she didn't get all the articles her husband needed most in the most inaccessible places the very first day. A BRIGHT, CLEAR COMPLEXION Is always admired, and it is the lauda ble ambition of every woman to do all she can to make herself attractive. Many of our southern women have found that Tet ferine is invaluable for clearing up blotches, Itchy patches, etc., and making the skin soft and velvety. The worst cases of eczema and other torturing skin diseases yield to Tetterine. Sold by druggists or sent by mail for 50c. by Shuptrine Co., Savannah, Ga. Adv. C. G. Ihuiielson of Hardin, Colo., cleared $0 an acre this year on 13 acres of oats; expenses deducted. To Cure fold in One Pay , . Take LAX ATI VH BKOMO Ol'lNINS Tablet. PniBKlsts refund money if It fails to cure. M. UKOV'H S signature U on each box. Sue. New South Wales cuts unripe wheat for hay. am mm JMftllllMIIIIHinillllMIMMIIIMtlJI J? i Murine Is tor Tired Eyes, f MOVICS Red Eye Sore Eyes a Granulated Byellds. Resta a S Refreshes -Restores. Mnrine Is a FaTortt E Treatment for Hves that reel drj' nl smart. -H GlTBTour Hre as much of roor loving care a as tout Teeth and with the same regularity. - CMC FOR THEM. 0U CMNOT BUY HEW EYES! gold at lmiB and Optical Stores or bj Mall, a Ask Murint Er Imbssy Co, ChiMid, for Frst Book i SuMiwiiiiiuiiiutMumiuuiMUMiuinuiiitiiiiiiuaiuiMita

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