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PLYMOUTH, N. 0., FRIDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1917
BY BRITISH TROOPS
HOLY CITY HAD BEEN UNDER
RULE OF INFIDEL TWELVE
Sim OF TURK IS NEAR END
Allenby, Accompanied by British and
French Officers Occupy Jerusalem
Turks Effort Against Suez Canal
and Egypt Collapsed.
London. Andrew Bonar Law, chan
cellor of the exchequer, announced in
the house of commons that Jersualem
after being surrounded on all sides by
British troops, had surrendered.
The chancellor said British, French
and . Mohammedan representatives
were on the way to Jersualem to safe
guard the holy places.
General Allenby reported that on
Saturday he attacked the enemy's po
sitions south and west of Jerusalem,
the chancellor said Welsh and home
county troops, advancing from the di
rection of Bethlehem, drove back the
enemy and, passing Jerusalem on
the east, establishing themselves on
the Jerusalem-Jericho road. At the
same time, London infantry and dis
mounted yeomanry attacked the strong
enemy positions west and northwest
of Jerusalem and placed themselves
astride the Jrusalem-Shchem road.
The holy city, being thus isolated, sur
rendered to General Allenby.
The chancellor said General Alien
by entered Jerusalem officially, accom
panied by the officers of the French
and Brititsh forces.
The capture of Jersualem by the
British forces marks the end. with two
brief interludes, of more than 1,200
years possession of the seat of the
Christian religion by the Mohamme
dans. For 756 years the eholy city
has been in undisputed possession of
Mohammedans, the last Christian
ruler of Jersualem beeing the German
emperor, Frederick II, whose short-lived
dominations lasted from 1229 to
The Turks have held sway in Jeru
salem since 1517 when they overcame
Apart from its connection with the
campaign being waged against Tur
key by the British in Mesopotamia,
the fall of Jersualem marks the defi
nite collapse of the long protracted
efforts of the Turks to capture the
Suez canal and invade Egypt.
ANOTHER STORM HITS
GRIEF STRICKEN HALIFAX.
Roaring Blizzard Drives Relief Work
ers From Task.
Halifax, N. S. A roaring blizzard,
me third to strike this sorely afflicted
city since the blast from the explod
ing munitions steamer made 25,000
persons homeless four days ago, burst
from the northeast. Raging with all
the fury for which these northern
winter storms are noted, it all but
finished the hearts of the brave ban!
of workers struggling against over
whelming odds to alleviate suffering.
For a while the contingents of the
Canadian army stationed here toiled
doggedly amid the ice-shrouded ruins
. for tha unrecovered dead, but when
the wind veered suddenly to the south
east and blew with redoubled force,
the soldiers were obliged to withdraw.
Pungs bearing hospital supplies and
food to the numerous relief stations
were storm-bound. The crippled light
ing system broke down again, leaving
the city in darkness.
Burial parties who had volunteered
their services were driven to cover.
From the devastated area of two and
a half square miles, hundreds of men
and women patiently seeking their
iead gave up their task for still an
other day and sought shelter.
Relief trains bringing workers and
I! ' . U A .Via ryl v in t0
jr" heights of the blizzard, but those so
eager to help found themselves help
f less and knew not which way to turn
, in the confusion of the storm, the un
lighted city and the wreckage.
UNIFICATION OF ALL
.RAILROADS DURING WAR
Washington. President Wilson will
go to Congress for special legislation
to bring about unification of the rail
roads during the war. That the Pres.
ident has decided definitely on such
a move became known after he had
gone over the whole transportation
situation with Senator Newlands,
chairman of the senate interstate
commerce committee. He probably
will ask for the legislation in an ad
dress'before Christmas holidays.
HEART OF MODERN JERUSALEM
TAKEN FROM TURK
lilt A tm w w. vlSSlr 3 ' v -
A remarkable and recent phou graph of the heart of the city of Jerusalem which was the coveted goal of
the steady British drive through Pa es line. The British forces, despite continued opposition from the Turko
German forces have reclaimed it fr-m the possession of the Mussulman. This photograph was made from the
famous Tower of David at the Jaffa .:ate. In the background can be seen (he Mount of Olives crowned by a
modern Russian tower. Directly in the center is the Dome of the Rock, cr the "Mosque of Omar," the site of
Solomon's temple. Back of it is the Garden of Gethsemane. The pointed tcwer at. the left belongs to the church
of St. John, ihe headquarters of the Knights of St. John during the Crusades and now the property of the German
ONLY ONE DISSENTING VOTE
DECLARES STATE OF WAR EXISTS
BETWEEN UNITED STATES
Socialist Votes Against Resolution
Debate Was Brief in Both Houses.
Resolution Immediately Signed by
President Effective at Once.
Washinigton. War between the
United Staltes and AustriaIlungary
has been formally declared.
Congress, with one dissenting vote
in the house, adopted and President
Wilson approved a resolution declar
ing existence of a state of war be
tween the "imperial and royal Aus-tro-Hungarian
government and the
government and people of the United
States" authorizing the President to
employ the nation's armed forces and
pledging its resources to victory.
Text of Resolution.
The resolution follows:
"Declariing that a state of war ex
ists between the imperial and royal
Austro-Hungarian government and
people of the United States and mak
ing provision to prosecute the same.
"Whereas the imperial and royal
Austro-Hungarian government has
committed repeated acid of war
against the government and the peo
ple of the United States of America:
Therefore be it
"Resolved by the senate and house
of representatives of the United States
of America in Congress assembled,
that a state of war is hereby declared
to exist between the United States of
America and the imperial and royal
Austro-Hungarian government; and
that the President be, and he is here
by, authorized and directed to employ
the entire naval and military forces of
the United States and the resources of
the government to carry on war
against the imperial and royal Austro
Hungarian government; and to bring
the conflict to a successful termination
all the resources of the country are
hereby pledged by the Congress of the
(Signed) "CHAMP CLARK,
"Speaker House of Representatives.
"THOMAS R. MARSHALL,
"Vice-President of the United States
and President of the Senate.
"Approved 7th December, 1917.
TWO AMERICAN AIRMEN
WOUNDED IN FRANCE
Washington. American airmen
fighting the German planes on the
western front have suffered their first
casualties. Two men. a corporal and
a prlrste were reported wounded
HALF OF CITY IS LAID WASTE
TRANSPORT LADEN WITH MUNI
TIONS EXPLODES IN HALI
Death Dealing Shock Caused by Col
lision Between Munitions Ship and
Belgian Relief Ship Property Loss
Will Run Far Into Millions.
Halifax, N. S. With the toll of
Hon4 cf on yi mm ttrnr f tiro a a r
ed that more than 2,000 persons per
ished in the explosion and fire which
followed the collision in Halifax har
bor between a munitions-laden French
ship and another vessel, the loma,
loaded with supplies for the Belgian
The disaster, which has plunged the
Dominion Into mourning probably will
rank as the most fearful that ever
occurred on the American continent.
Residents of Halifax and thousands
of volunteer relief workers who have
come into the city hav been almost
dazed at the extent of the horror.
Temporary morgues have been es
tablished in many buildings to which
f steady procession of vehicles of all
kinds carried for hours the bodies o?
men, women and children. Most of
them were so charred that they were
unrecognizable. Thousands of persons
seeking trace of relatives and friend?,
passed by the long, silent rows, at
tempting to identify the ones they
Virtually every building in the city
which could be converted into a hos
pital is filled with .wounded, many of
them so desperately injured that there
;is no hope of their recovery. Scores
j already have died in these tempo
rary hospitals. An ever-in-Teaipr;
number is being taken fiom the com
pletely devastated Richmond district
!to the re'lef station.
! TV ;..--; wept area covers ap
proximately two and one-half square
miles. It begins at what Is known a
the North street bridge extending
north to Pier 8 on the Rifhrnonr' wate
front and back to a point running par
allel with GotUngen street. Nothir-,
has been left standing in this section
of the city. Only a pile of smoulder
ing ruins marks the spot where Ihr
great building of the .American Sapa-
Refining Company stood. The dry
dock and all the buildings which sur
rounded it were destroyed.
C-.rr.'Miii officers who have seen
long service in France characterize
the catastrophe as "the most fearful
which has befallen any city in th-.
v- i-f.My a'.l the north end of the
city was. laid waste and the property
damage wiil run far into the millions
A part of the town of Dartmouth,
across the harbor from Halifax,
was wrecked. Nearly all the build
lngs in the dockyard there are in ruins
BY THE BRITISH
CLEARS THE WAY FOR ACTION
RESOLUTION IN HOUSE DECLAR
ING STATE OF WAR WITH
No Reference Is Made Either to Tur
key or Bulgaria Early Action Is
Expected in Senate on War Reso
lution. Washington. Congress cleared the
way for prompt response to President
Wilson's call for a declaration of war
The joint resolution approved by the
President and the state department
declaring existence of a state of war
between the United States and the
imperial and royal Austro-Hungarian
government from Wednesday at noon
wa3 introduced in the house and unan
imously approved by the house for
eign affairs committee.
As perfected by the house commit
tee and ordered reported without a
dissenting vote, the resolution reads
' VVherer s, the imperial and royal
Austro-Hungarian government has
severed diplomatic relations with the
govei-nment of the United States of
America and had committed acts of
war against the government and the
people of the United States of Amer
ica, among which are its adherence
to the policy of ruthlo -a submarine
J warfare adopted by ita ally, the im
perial German government with which
;the United States of America is at
jwar, and by giving its ally active sun
;port and aid on both land and sea in
the mofeeution of war against the
'government and people of the United
States of America; therefore, be it
"Resolved by the senate and house
of representatives of th TiTol States
of America in Conpre:s assembled.
that a state of war be and is hereby
declared to exist between the United
(States of America and the imperial
land royal Austro-Hungarian govern
ment; and that the President be, an 1
he is hereby, authorised end directeJ
to employ ..the entire naval and mili
jtary forces of fh United States and
! carry on war against the imperial and
i royal Austro-Hur.garian government.
and to bring the conflict to a success
ful termination all the resources of
j the country are hereby pledged by the
'Congress of trie United States."
j Approval Is Certain.
'Chairmen Stone and Flood and whicn
! probably will be made public in de
bate, were regarded as convincing.
Although sentiment remains stron:;
I" " " " ""'
.declaration extended to Turkey and
.Bulgaria, approval of the resolution
as it stands is regarded as very cer
itain. Reasons given confidentially to
GERMAN U-BOAT TORPEDOES AND
SINKS BIG AMERICAN
MOST OF THE CREW IS LOST
David Worth Bagley Commanding Of
ficer Is Among Saved Jacobs Jones
Was One of Largest Vessels of the
Washington. Lieutenant Command
er David Worth Bagley and Lieutenant
Norman Scott were among tne surviv
ors rescued after the sinking of the
American destroyer, Jacpb Jones, by a
German submarine in the war zone
last Thursday night. The navy de
partment was so advised by Vice Ad
These two officers, two warrant of
ficers, and two enlisted men were
named in the admiral's dispatch as
survivors in addition to the 37 pre
viously reported saved. It is now es
tablished that the five line officers on
the destroyer were rescued. Gunner
Harry R. Hood and G3 men are miss
ing. Admiral Sims' report said that Com
mander Bagley and the five other men
saved with him got away in a motor
boat and were picked up and landed
uninjured at the Scilly islands.
The other four survivors reported
besides Commander Bagley and Lieu
tenant Scott were:
Chief Boatswain's Mate Clarence
McBride, wife Florence McBride,
Syracuse, N. Y.
Coxswain Ben Nunnery, father Fred
A. Nunnery, Edgemoor, S. C.
Fireman Joseph Kroneniecky, moth
er Anna Krozeniecky, Suvive, Russia.
Vice Admiral Sims up to a late hour
had been able to supply only meager
details in reply to urgent messages
from Secretary Daniels, whose brother-in-law,
Lieutenant Commander Da
vid W. Bagley, commanded the lost
vessel, and was first reported among
the missing. Three officers and 34
men were picked up by other vessels
from life rafts to which they clung, but
the names of only ten of these had
been transmitted to Washington.
The Jacob Jones, one of the largest
and newest American destroyers oper
ating in the Atlantic, was the first
American warship to fall victim to a
German submarine, but was the sec
ond American destroyer to be lost in
foreign waters. Th Chauncey sank
with her commander, Lieutenant Com
mander Walter E. Reno, two other
officers, and 18 enlisted men, after be
ing cut in two by the transport Rose
early on the morning of Novem
NO ATTEMPT TO CHECK UP
LIST OF HALIFAX DEAD
Morgue Officials Held to Estimate of
Halifax. N. S No official attempt
was ma'Je here to check up or revise
the loi'g list of dead and injured re
sulting from Thursday's disaster when
a munitions ship's cargo exploded in
The morjrue offirials held lo thir
estimate of 4.000 dead, but other ob
servers said that estimate was too
great by half.
A joint appeal by the mayors of
Halifax and Dartmouth was made ro
the Canadian public for money for the
relief of the homeless and the recon
struction of that part of the city which
is in ruins. It vas said that between
$20,000,000 and $25,000,000 would bo
A heavy rainstorm interrupted the
systematic scorch for bodies, but by
night 0" arMitioTiil bodies had been
placed in the morguo. Several deutln
occurred anions the injured.
The tssk crfror-.Hng the rHirf com
mittees seemed almost hoplef.s but
Irtor in the day the skies dean! f.d
cheering word came from the phv?!
dans in charge of the tents in which
COO of the homeless had found shelter.
The tents had withstood the storm and
the ocrunsnts wre as comfortable as
could he 'xpectPil.
GERMAN TROOPS ARE
RUGHZO TO CAMBRAI
Geneva, Friday, Dec. 7. Both Field
Marshal von Hfndenburg and Gen. von
Ludendorff 2re on th Cambrai front,
according to a dispatch from Strass
burg today. Railway traffic through
the Rhine towns has been congested
from this source, owing to the flow of
trTns p.i'd artillery being rushed
through to this front. No civilians are
pprmitted to travel alongthe Rhine
and the German frontier remains
U. S, BEST
E, NORTH CAROLINA
Nl. E. CONFERENCE
BUSY SESSION OF CONFERENCE
AT GREENVILLE ADJOURNS.
Greenville. Pastoral appointments
for the year read by the bishop follows
Durham District Presiding elder.J. C
Wooten; Burlington, S. E. Mercer; Bur
lington circuit, W. F. Galloway; Brooks
dale circuit, J. A. Russell; Chapel Hill, K.
H. McWhorter; Durham, Branson, J. A.
Martin; Calvary. I. D. Hayman; Carr
church, (i. B. Starling; I-akewood, to be
supplied by B. C. Iieavis; Memorial, H.
M. North; Trinity, C. J. Harrell; West
Durham, VV. C. Martin; Durham circuit,
H. C. Smith; East Burlington, E. C.
Glenn; East Roxboro and Donghurst, J.
Li. Shaver; Graham, D. E. Earnhardt;
Hillsboro. M. VV. Hester; Leasburg, H. E.
Atkinson; Mebane, B. F. Boone; Milton.
J. E. Blalock; Mt. Tirzah, L. L.. Smith;
Orange circuit, J. R. Edwards;; Pearl and
Eno, J. 15. Hurley; ;I'elham, to be sup
plied by U C. Brothers; Person, J. A.
Dailey; Rougemont, i- M. Hall; Rox
boro, O. V. Dowd; South Alamance. N.
B. Strickland; Yanceyville, S. K. Ni-ks;
professor of Bible in Trinity College. W.
W. Peele;; student Boston university. H.
E. Meyers; Sunday sci ool field secretary,
H. E. Spence; chaplain U. S. A., A. Mc
Cullen. Elizabeth City District Presiding el
der, (J. T. Adams; ;Camden circuit, C. C.
Carson; Columbia. M. C. Cox; Currituck
circuit, D. A. Futrell; Dare circuit, J. J.
Lewis; Edenton, W. A. Cade; Elizabeth
City, Citv Road. J. W. Bradley, First
Church, A. I,. Ormond; Gales circuit, B.
T. Hu!ev; Gum Neck and Eastlake. to be
BUPi lied by Theodore Westcott; HatterHS,
to be sup plied by S. J. McConnell; Hert
ford, VV. B. North; Kennekeet circuit. A.
W. Price; Kitty Hawk, to be suppler by
R. L. Beasley; Moyock circuit. T. J. Fol
ger; North Gates, V. A. Royall; Pantego
and Belhaven, J. C. Whedbee; Pasquo
tank circuit Kufus Bradley; Perquimans,
W L. Lov; Roanoke Island. J. C. Humble,
Roper; N. Ij. Zabolt; professor in South
ern Methodist University, J. L. Cunning
ham. Fayetteville District Presiding elder,
J. T. Cibbs; Bladen c'rouit. J. A. Thnrpe;
BiKkhorn, T. C. Maness; Carthage, N". E.
Coletrane; Duke, W. E. Brown; Dunn, J.
M. Daniel; ; KayctteviUe, Hsy Street. J.
D. Bnndy; Person and Calvary, K IL
Joyner;; Favetteville circuit, W. F. Cra
ven: Goldston, M. M. McDonald;; ;llaw
River circuit, G. V. Kerry; ;Hemp cir
cuit, J. L. Midsrett; Jonesboro, T. H.
Rutton: Islington. 11. C. Porter; Pn.k
ton V L. Maness; Newton Grove or
cuit. T.'w. Siler; ;Pittsboro, P. D. Wood
all; ';Ro!:eboro circuit, H. E. Lnne; San
lord, W. R. Royall; Siler City C. W. Rob
inson; Stedman, M. W. Dargan.
Newbern District Presiding elder. J. B.
Hurley; Beaufort. R. F. Bumpass; Car
taret circuit, C. N. Caviness; Craven cir
cuit. J. W. Autrey Dover, J. P. Pate; Elm
Street and Princeton, C. E. Durham;
Goldsboro, St. Paul, A. D. Wilcox; St.
John. R. CJ. Edwards; ;Goldsboro, W. A.
I'iland; Grifton, F. E. Dixon; Hookerton.
T. M. Gunt; .lores circuit, C. T. Rogers;
Kinston, Queen Street; W. H. Tuttle;
Ciiswell Street, Daniel Lane. Jr.; Da
Grange, K. F. Duva'.l; Morehead City.
R. H. Broom; Mt. Olive and Calypso,
Frank Culbreth; Mt. Olive circuit. R. E.
Pittman; New Bern. Centenary. H. A.
Humble Riverside, H .B. Gill; Oeraeoke
am! Portsmouth; Guy Hamilton, Oriental,
S. N. Hurst; Pamlico, F. B. Noblitt;
Straits and Atlantic, supplied by VV. E.
Hoc-utt; Snow Hill circuit. C. O. Durant.
Valdemere, H. M. Welman.
Rale'gh District Presiding elder, J. E.
Underwood: Benson. J T. Stanford; Clay
ton, C). T. Hinson; Four Oaks, T. K. Da
vis; Franklinton, T. A. Sikes; Garner, E.
B. Craven: Granville circuit. li. H.
Pluck; Johiist.m circtrt, J. G. Johnston;
Kenly, C. P. Jerome: I.ouisburg. N: H. D.
Wilson; Milbrook; J. C. Williams; Ox
ford, R. H. Willis: Oxford circuH. B. C.
Thompson; Rale:gh: Central, D. N. Cavi
rPss: Edenton Street M. Bradshaw; Ef
V.orth, R F. Taylor; JenK'ns Memorial,
J. W. Potter; Sc'nia. C. K. Proctor;
Smitblleld, S. A. Cotten; Tar River cir
ctn't, J. A. l.ce; Ynumrsvi'ile, H. M. Jack
son. Zebuloii. G. W. Fisher; superintend
ent Anti-S.'loon Dengue. R. L. Davis edi
tor Raleigh Christian Artvcoate. D. S.
Mi'ssev; president, l.ou'si nrg CnPeee, F.
IT l ove; editor Nashv He Advocate, T.
N. Ivev; conference nvssionnry secre
tary. N. H. D. Wilson; chi'ptain U. S.
navv, W. E. Kdmundson.
Pixl-ii'lK-m D'strict PresMinsr elder,
,T H. H:-!1. Aberdeen M. lVire's; Bis
(( H Pirker; CaWen'a, J. B. Thomp
son': F.riv.bcth Hru!t. W. H. Hunger;
i;iif.;t,e ,.;.,.u:t, a. H. B'grs; Hamlet. J. 11.
Buffalo; Lr.urcl Hill. G. T. Simmons: su
pernuraer.irv. D. A. W:itk:ns; f .aiiV.bnrsr.
E. 7.. Davis; I.umherton, R. C. Bca
man: I.nml-erton eircirt. It. A. Brutin;
Maxtoii. A. Norman; Montirf-nK" y civcuft.
S. H HnrOsiy, Jr.: Mount Oilead. N.
C Yearbv; Monnt G'lend c!ru:t. W. F.
Travw'ck. Rnef"rd. B. P. Rob!nr.oii. W.
H. Townseml: Red Springs A. J. Park
er; Richmond c'reu'-t. sup'-'iod v li. F.
Watson: Robon-cl circuit. E. JP11: Ro
beson circuit. J. T. Draper: Ror-kincham.
G P. Smith; Rowland c:r nrt. A. J.
G-oves- supernumerary, R. W. Townsend;
St John and Gibson. W. S. Brown: St.
P-nil C R Rcs: Trov ,T. P Bross; Pres
ident Carolina College. R B. John; army
s'-o-ot.-rv Y. M. C. A., W. B. Sharp.
Washington D'strict PresMini elor.
C I; Road- A'irora. D. E. Sawyer; Avden
c!r '''t T G. Vickers: aBth. R. L. Carra-vi'-;
P-tiifl eircu't. W. n. T-otmnr: Elm
C'f 1. T. Sinrleton; " FairCelil. S. A.
N.itie: Farmvi'.le, S. T. Moyl?: Bre
pio"t .'rcu't. J. J i. Rum'ey; Gren v'l'e.
Wa'Ur Pat ton: Mattarm'ske?t. W. P.
rrs-tal le; McKenrc T. P. Poole: Mt.
T'lo'-nt e'-'-iVr, Ci. B. Perry: Nashville
c'y irt I.. P. .Tires; Rn-ltv rlount. First
ciiir. h U. C. Craven; CI-tV 5tr-et. M. R.
Slaiif'b'fr: North and SnuMi ockv ioimt
J. W. Hovle Sr : Stantoiburg c'rcult, C.
O. Ar'n;-t-o-r- Stokes rimu't. to be sup- .
plied by E. p. Tpcoi-U; Sir'Tig Hope circuit.
R. T. Ph'nps; t'wurs Ouarter. R. R.
Orart: 'rrb(ro. H I. Gliss; V;""eboro,
W. J. Cov'ngton: v.-jhington, T. H. Tut
tle Wilson nnd M'ssion. V. J. Stanbury
and J. W. Ilovl Jr.
Wilmi-igto-i" D'slrict Pros'di'ier elilc"-. J.
II. Sbo-e; Hurcw. T,. M Cha"rin: Car
vers Creek e'tiMi't. W. ,T. Vitaon; Chad
ho'.irre. B. E. Stanfie'd; Cl'nton. D. E.
Farnhp-dt Fa'son and Wavsaw. to be
nur-rd'ed b'v O. P. F tzT-rald : ICillslxro
to be sm.'d'ed bv J. C. Stni"!: J ". kson
vMle and PirM-mrTa. C. F. Va'e: Konars
vl. M. K. Hod?"?: Umf'. R ?
tunrs Oni(iw, V'. T.ee: Setts Hnl.
C N Phill'irs; Sbolotte, J. V. I'sry; ,
So'ith-n-t C B. Cnlhr- 'i: Swunsbnm eir-
rn't. W. n. Penron: Tabor c'-cu't. F. A.
TaiTiton: Town Creek c'--" t A H. An
drews; Wallace .and T'osa IVV. M. T TT x;
Wh'tAvi!'p. J. IT. Fr'TJv: n'l.nn-toTi,
Blar'en Street. E." O. Pe!'; F' f th Avue.
J H McCrscken; Gra-e M. T. Plvler;
Trinitv. W. V Mcn- WilinStn cr
cuR J H Mi'ir: rtudents In Tr'n'.tv Col
lege, b. o.Js,:tt rd yr Glass;
transferred" vestern rxorin c.Hroi.iiii
oonferen" T Canine.