North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
f 1.0Q a ,Ymt In Ad vane
"FOR GOD, FOR COUNTRY AND FOR TROTH."
8lngl CoplM, I Carets,
PLYMOUTH, N. C, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 1918
IS HEAVY ON FOE
BRIG; GEN. J. E. MAHONEY
MIGHTY BLOW SETS
HOLY LAND AFLAME
ftVJFUL EXAMPLE OF
NE OF MO
TURKS BY BRITISH
THE GLOOMY PALL OF DEFEAT
HANGS HEAVILY OVER HEAD
. OF ENEMY EVERYWHERE.
CONSTANTINOPLE IS BOMBED
35,000 Prisoners, 380. Guns and Great
Stores of Munitions of War,
Recent Result of Victory.
Disaster has overtaken the armies
of the Teutonic allies on all fields.
In Palestine the , Turks arb all but
absolutely crushed; in Macedonia the
entente forces are harrying their foes
and threatening them with similar dis
aster; in France the British and
French . troops slowly,, but surely are
eating their .way into the vitals of the
German defensive positions, the col
lapse of which would result in im
portant changes all along the western
battle front, and in eastern Siberia
the Japanese have made additional
strides forward in the process of re
claiming that territory for the Rus
sians. 'From north of Jerusalem to the
Sea of Galilee, in the territory lying
between the River Jordan and the
Mediterranean sea, the Ottoman
, forces have been caught by the swift
drive of the British armies and vir
tually annihilated. Added to the heavy
casualties suffered by the Turks,
hordes of them were made prisoner
and many more are wandering, be
wildered.'.wJthout' leaders in the hills,
eventually, io be brought in to swell
thegrew j;0tal. At last accounts more
thaft-.25,000 of the sultan's soldiers
and 260 guns and large quantities of
war stores were in British hands.
' To add to the demoralization of the
" Turkish morale, are allied bombing
raids against Constantinople.
Over a front of 80 miles in south
ern Serbia, from Monastir to Lake
Doiran', the entente troops are vigor
ously Wassailing the Bulgarians and
Germans. 'Unofficial reports are to
the effect that the Serbs have taken
between 9,000 and 10,000 prisoners and
WHOLESALE SLAUGHTER IS
ORDER OF DAY IN RUSSIA
Washington. Stories of- wholesale
slaughter of representative people and
former officers because they are "dan
gerous to the soviet" are told in fur
ther accounts reaching the state de
partment of the reign of terror in
Russian cities against 'which the Am
erican government has called upon all
civilized nations to protest.
All persons coming out of Russia
are said to bring reports of the exis
tence of appalling conditions. One de
tail is that the former officers are
shot at night in the cellars, the tguns
being muffled with silencers.
, One Peters, head of the bolshevik
extraordinary commission against
counter revolutions, is said to sign
death warrants without reading the
The latest reports indicate that the
; , British and French consul generals in
Moscow are under arrest in their
J' houses. American Consul General
'tPoole is at liberty and permitted to
VSrisit his colleagues. Mr. Poole is be
1 Ing generally praised for his courage
and vigorous action.
FRENCH ARE MAKING PROGRESS
ON BOTH BANKS OF OISE
With the French Army in France.
The French now hold the left bank
of the Oise for more than half the dis
tance from La Fere to Mov.
The Germans had evacuated Ven
duil under menace of being cornered
there with their hacks to the river by
the Frenclj advancing in the region of
Ly-Fontaine. The French about the j
same time reached the quarreis just i
north of Travecy, which completed the j
: conquest of the west bank of the Oise j
in that region.
JAPANESE HAVE CAPTURED
2,00tf AUSTRO-GERMAN TROOPS I
London. Blagovie-shtchensk, capital
of the Siberian province of jmur, and
Alexievsk have been occupd by Jap
ese cavalry, according to lforma'tion
received by , the apanesef embassy.
Two thousand Austro-Gertiv" wvsre
talrpn tiriwinpra Thpv laid T
arms at KokRa. g
Kokka, whore the Ami
laid down thr-ir arms, is
bank of (he- Vmus opp-
S E; -3H Wh'yJSvAiiiL? r: 'o V.,..v.. .; '
Brig. Gen. John E. Mahoney is one
of the colonels of the United States
Marine corps Wio have been given
Generalships. General Mahoney ' has
seen active service in the Spanish
American war, in the Philippines, Mex
ico, Haiti and San Domingo. He was
appointed second lieutenant In 1883,
first lieutenant In 1890 and captain In
1839. He is now stationed at Guan
tanarr.o Bay, Cuba.
OUR AIRPLANES ARE ACTIVE
N RECENT OPERATIONS THE
GERMANS HXVE LOST 10,000
MEN AS PRISONERS.
Counter-Attacks by Enemy Result
Onty in Repulse With Heavy
Losses of Men and Morale.'
London. The prisoners taken by
the British in the operation begun
Wednesday northwest of St. Quentin
now exceed 10,000. More than 60 big
guns were taken.
"Further reports confirm the heavy
nature of the counter-attack which
the enemy delivered north of Tres
cault, and tfie severity of the losses
inflicted on his division, including the
sixth Brandenburg division.
"Fighting has taken place in the sec
tor east of Epeny and also in the
neighborhood of Gouzeaucourt.
"The prisoners taken by us in the
operations begun northwest of St.
Quentin exceed 10.000. We also cap
tured over 60 guns.
"The enemy aircraft activity was
slight. Four hostile planes were
brought down and three others were
driven down out of control. Four of
our machines are missing.
"Our planes kept in touch with the
advancing troops and assisted in the
attack by bombing and with machine
gun fire, as well as by reporting
many targets to the artillery. During
the 24 hours, 16 tons of bombs were
THE BULGARIANS STILL
ARE IN FULL FLIGHT
In the Macedonian theater the Bul
garians still are in full flight before
the Serbians, who have recaptured nu
merous towns, taken large numbers of
prisoners and great quantities of war
stores. Following the usual tactics of
the Teutonic allies, the enemy is
devastating the country he traverses,
leaving it a wilderness through the
use of the torch and explosives.
In European Russia the bolshevik!
and the Germans for the moment
seem to have the upper hand over the
Czecho slovaks, who Jiave been com
pelled to evacuate Volsk, Simbirsk
and Kazan. The success of the en
emy forces is attributed to a lack of
ammunition and other supplies by the
Czecho-Slovaks. In Trans-Caucasia
the British force which recently went
to the relief of the beseiged Arme
nians in Baku has been compelled to
withdraw into north Persia in the face
of the large Turkish forces and the
ineffectiveness of the Russo-Armenian
BELGIUM WILL NOT CONSIDER
GERMANY'S OFFER OF PEACE
London. The Belgian foreign min
ister, in discussing Germany's "peace
approach" to Belgium, declares that
the conditions cannot be taken as a
basis for any serious discussion. .From
the details furnlshad by the foreign
luiirrf3ter. it appears .that Belgium re-
jeived no formal proposition directly
urvm thf German Government, but
1 1 a t ccmroouneation3 came by an in-
. : -
NAZARETH IN GALILEE IS AGAIN
IN CHRISTIAN HANDS
THE ADVANCE IS IRRESISTABLE
Airmen Play Important Part In Sew
ing Up Enemy in Sack Brit
ish Losses Slight.
Our transcendent interests, for the
moment at least, are the operations
of the British General Allenby's
forces In Palestine. Here, in less
than four days the British have swept
forward in the center between the
River Jordan and taken the famous
Nazareth, while their wings closed
round in a swift enveloping movement
and nipped within the maw of the
great pincer all the Ottoman forces
in. the coastal sector, the plain of
Sharon, the hill region in the center
and also the western Jordan valley.
More than 18,000 Turks had been
made'prisoner by the British and guns
in excess of 120 had been counted
when the last reports' from General
Allenby were received. In addition
great quantities of war stores had
been captured, and still others had
not been counted owing to the rapid
ity of the movement.
Although the Turks at some points
offered considerable resistance to the
British, at no point were they able to
stay the advance, even on" the famous
field of Armageddon, which the Brit
ish cavalry swept across and occupied
Nazareth to the north. In the op
eration of sewing the enemy within
the sack, airmen played an important
role, vigorously bombarding the re
treating Turks, inflicting enormous
casualties on them. The losses of
General Allenby are described as
slight, in comparison with the impor
tance of the movement carried out.
ITALIANS HAVE JOINED THE
FRAY IN MACEDONIA
In Macedonia, the Italians have
joined the fray with the British,
French, Serbian and Greek troops and
are . hard after the Bulgarians and
their allies, who are being driven
northward through southern Serbia.
Between the Cerna and Vardar river,
although the Bulgarians and Germans
are sending up reinforcements, the
allied troops have . continued their
pressure. The, Serbians west of the
Vardar river have crossed the Prilepe
Ishtib road at Vavardar, which con
stitutes an advance of more than 25
miles into their once-held territory.
To the east of Monastir the Italians
have begun operations in the famous
Cerna bend and have taken several
PLANS TO SECURE ALLOTMENT
OF MEN NEEDED IN NAVY
Washington. The program under
which the navy and the marine corps
will secure the men hereafter needed
was aannounced by Secretary Daniels
after conferences with representatives
of his department, the marine corps
and th.9 provost marshal general's of
fice. The navy is to have an average
of 15,000 men monthly, while the ma
rine corps will get 5,000 monthly for
four months and 1,500 each month j
Of the navy's allotment of 15,000 j
it may enlist or enroll men who have (
special qualifications for certain navy i
work, but the remainder will come
from "the run of the draft," navy of
ficials culling out skilled men to meet
as far as possible the special needs
of the service.
Men desiring to enter either the
marine or marine corps will be re
quired to make application at the
proper recruitng office. When men
are accepted for the navy, the mobili-
ationz officers will apply for theni1
through their draft boards, but in case j
of men qualified to enter the marine ,
corps the recruiting officer will seaid a
request to the provost marshal general
for their enrollment.
HAIG SMASHES HUN LINES
AT FOUR DISTINCT POINT8
London.' Field Marshal Haig's
troops smashed into the German lines
at four distinct points on the battle
front. English tro- io- -north
of the River Scarpe, advanced
on a two mile front. , .
the Briton captured several organized
points of resistance. ,
North of Epehy, Haig's men push
ed forward in the sector south of Vil
lers Guisjain. , They also repulsed a
German attack on Mouvrea.
Mrs. Bayne Is chief woman Inspec
tor, food production department of
MORE THAN 6,000 PRISONERS
ALONG FRONT OF TWENTY-TWO
AND DEPTH OF THREE MILES
ALLIES PRESS THE ENEMY.
Hlndenburg Defense System in Dan
ger of Being Breached at
Three Vital Points.
British and French veterans have
made another vicious and successful
smash at the Hindenburg line. Sweep
ing forward on a front of 22 miles,
they went ahead from 1 1-3 to 3 miles,
taking many prisoners. The most im
portant aspect of the advance is that
it makes more certain the capture of
St. Quentin, which the Germans have
been ordered to hold at all costs.
Field Marshal Haig's third and
fourth armies charged over the trench
system occupied by the British before
they were pushed back by the Teu
tonic flood last March. They captured
in wide sectors the outer defenses of
the Hindenburg line.
The British assault was over a
front of 16 miles, from Holnon, west
of St. Quentin, to Gouzeaucourt, north
of Epehy. In their advance, which
reached a depth of more than three
miles at some points, they took more
than 6,000 prisoners.
While the Frencn advance was ess
spectacaiar than that of the British,
with whom they co-operated, they
were equally successful in gaining
their objectives. They moved forward
on a front of six miles to an average
depth of 1 1-3 miles, adding several
hundred prisoners to the British bag.
They now hold the southern outskirts
of Contescourt, less than three miles
from the suburbs of St. Quentin.
This city, where the troops of Von
Goeben scored a great victory in 1871,
is one of the buttresses of the Douai-Cambrai-St.
beyond which it has been announced
the Germans would not fall back. With
the French in the outskirts of LaFere.
with Bt. Quentin invested and with
the British battling doggedly for Cam
brai, the great Hindenburg defense
system is in danger of being breached
at three of its strongest points. Once
ousted from it the Teutons will have
back of them no strong fortifications
until they reach the Maubeuge de
fenses. GENERAL SOUKHOM LINOFF IS
COURT MARTIALED AND SHOT
London. General Soukhomlinoff, j
minister of war in the Russian im
perial cabinet from 1009 to 1915, was j
court martialed on September 3 and ;
shot on the same day, according to a 1
Petrograd dispatch printed in the
newspapers of Vienna and transmitted
here by the Amsterdam correspondent
of the Exchange Telegraph Company.
AMERICAN GUNNERS EASILY !
HOLD THE UPPER HAND
With the American Army on thej
Lorraine Frnot. In the artillery ex-
change of Tuesday the American gun- ,
-ers held the upper hand, destroying!
"erman ammunition" dumps near La
Chaussee, in addition to a big gun,
and making direct hits on the rail
road near Chambley. A number of box
cars were destroyed near Chambley.;
The Germans threw 800 shells into1
the regions around Xamnies, Benn?y
and Chateau St. Benoit.
TEUTON ALLIES ARE IN FOR
FURTHER EXTREMELY HARD
USAGE BY ALLENBY.
NET RESULTS OF ONE
Turkish Line Is Penetrated to Depth
of Twelve Miles Over Front of
The Holy Land Is aflame under the
impetus of a mighty stroke by the
British, French and friendly Arab
forces, and the Turks from the Jordan
river westward to the Mediterranean
seemingly are in rout.
Added to their already heavy losses
in ground, men killed, wounded, or
made prisoner and stores captured in
Belgium, France, Italy and the Bal
kans, the Teutonic allies, Judging
from first reports of the hostilities be
gun against the Ottoman in Palestine,
are in for further extremely hard
In less than a day General Allenby's
British forces, aided by French troops
and natives under the flag of the king
of the Hedjas, struck the Turkish line
over a front of 16 miles and penetrat
ed it to a depth' of 12 mile's, taking
more than 3,000 Turks prisoner and
over-running the entire hostile defen
sive system. Railway and highway
junction points were captured and
strong forces of cavalry at last ac
counts were well In advance of the
attacking troops, threatening to carry
out a turning movement against the
fleeing Turks which might prove dis
astrous to them. Meanwhile along the
shores of the .Mediterranean naval
units were clearing the, coastal roads
of the enemy by their gunfire.
In addition to the large number of
prisoners taken great quantities of
war materials had fallen into the
hands of the allied troops.
PROCLAMATION BY PRESIDENT
OF A GREATER LIBERTY DAY
Washington. President Wilson ha3
proclaimed Saturday, October 12, the
four hundred and twenty-sixth anni
versary of the discovery of America,
a3 Liberty day. and called upon all
citizens to celebrate it to stimulate a
generous response to the fourth Lib
The President's proclamation fol
lows: "The anniversary of the discovery
of America must, therefore. Wave for
us in this fateful year a peculiar and
thrilling significance. We should
make it a day of ardent rededication
to the ideals upon which our govern
ment is founded and by which our
present heroic tasks are inspired.
"Now, therefore, I, Woodrow Wil
son, President of the United States,
do appoint Saturday, the 12th day of
October, 1918, as Liberty day. On
that day I request the citizens of
every community cf the United States,
do appoint Saturday, th 12th day of
October, 1918, as Liberty day. On
that day I request the citizens of every
community of the United States, city,
town, and countryside, to celebrate
the discovery of our country in order
to stimulate a generous response to
the fourth Liberty loan. Commemo
rative addresses, pageants,, harvest
home festivals or other demonstra
tions should be arranged for in
every neighborhood under the general
direction of the secretary of the treas
ury and the immediate direction of
the Liberty loan committee in co-operation
with the United States bureau bf
education and the public school au
thorities. Let the people's response
to the fourth Liberty loan express the
measure of their devotion to the ideals
which have guided the country from
its discovery until now, and of their
determined purpose to defend them
and guarantee their triumph.
"For the purpose of participating in
Liberty day celebrations all employes
of the federal government throughout
the country whose services can be
spared may be excused on Saturday,
the 12th day of October, for the' en
tire day. "WOODROW WILSON."
CZECHOSLOVAK FORCES ARE
GATHERING FAST AT IRKUTSK
Tokio.' Czecho-Slovak forces from,
the west and those from Vladivostok,
after having efftcted a junction at
Tohita, arc concentrating at Irkutsk in
preparation for an advance o relief
of the Cezcho-Slovaks iiJ European
Russia, says a war office announce
ment. The relief force will be com
manded by General Gakla., the Czecho
slovak leader. Immediate and impor
tant results are expected.
PISTOL IN HANDS OF A CHILD
.CAUSES PEATH TO EIGHTEEN
YEAR OLD GIRL.
SERIES OF ACCIDENTS
Fatalities and-Serious Injuries Caused
by Automobile, Horse, P!s
y to and Bicycle. -
Durham. Two people are dead and
several injured as the result of acci
dents that occurred in the city. . Harry
Mangum, manager of the Five Points
Automobile Company, died this morn- 1
ing at 1 o'clock as the result of inju- .
ries received when an autpmobii in
which he was-riding turned over at
the intersection of Holloway and Dil- '
lard streets shortly after 12 o'clock,
midnight Miss Lena Strayhorn, 18, ;
died at 2 o'clock this morning from ft'
bullet wound In her forehead caused A
by a bullet fired from a .3 caliber ' ;
pistol In the hands of Wesley Vick-
ers, a 14-year-old boy. Miss . Brunella , y
Teer is suffering from severe Injuries v,'
that resulted when she was run down . '
by a bicycle, and Walter Umstead and 1
Miss Lucille' Umstead are recovering; fl
from injuries suffered when a horse
they were driving became frightened
,and ran away. Joseph Manning, an.
automobile traveling salesman, ana
Robert Morton, a local chauffeur, are !
both suffering from injuries received ;
in the same accident which caused .
the death of Mr. Mangum. . '
The automobile accident occurred
'early in the morning. The automobile,
In which the three men were riding
passed Patrolman Joe Salpp on the ' v
Holloway street beat, going at a rapid
rate of speed. A few second later, the
officer heard a crash and saw the ma '
chine turn turtle. Mangum's skull was ' ,'
crushed. With Manning and Morton,
he was rushed to the Wafts hospital.
It was found upon examination that ;
his injuries were not serious, although,
Manning is confined to the hospital. 4
Transfer of Exhibits.
Charlotte. A letter from R. S. Cur
tis, animal husbandryman, office of
beef cattle and sheep, North Carolina
department of agriculture, contained
the announcement that the Percheron
Society of America, of Chicago, and
the American Aberdeen Angus Breed- ,
ers Association, also of Chicago, have-'
transferred to the exhibition here tha
premiums they had offered for the,,
State fair. "This is of very great im- '
portance, and it may be that we will
get still other associations to so offei
their special money," said Mr.- Curtis,
He added that. "I . think there is con.'
aiderable Interest In horses and Aber
deen Angus cattle in your section."
The 1918 catalogue of the State fair
shows that the Percheron Association
offered 18 cash prizes, totalling $130,,
and 39 medals and ribbons to compet
itors, at the State fair, which-have'
been transferred to the livestock as
sociation's exhibition. The catalog also
shows that the Aberdeen Angus asso
ciation offered 27 regular cash prizes
and 36 special cash' prizes, totalling
As. Mr. Curtis' letter indicates well
directed effort is being made to se-
cure the participation in this show of
the national associations of the vari
ous breeds of beef and dairy cattle,
swine and sheep. These associations,
rather large in number, have fund
mounting high into the thousands. of
dollars which are onerea as prizes ioy
exhibits of the respective breeds, f
Word has been received here th?
Frank B. Mebane, owner of the Merf
ane stock farm, a Spray, is planuir
to place the head of his Hereford h
on exhibition during the shoT)"
This bull. Lord Hilton Faif
son of Perfection Fairfax,-.1
nized king of Herefords.
brothers of Lord Hilton F;l
for an average of $17,000 ,
several others for an am
ftOO each. Mr. Mebane i.
shipping a carload of H
for exhibition, and "also
Spencer. A force of
now reclaiming a numj
cars lost along the Ca
the big flood of July,
tawba station. UyMk
the" wrecking to
of tha lost cp 01
By the v!