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North Carolina Newspapers

Brevard news. (Brevard, N.C.) 1917-1932, December 22, 1927, Image 2

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The A. B. C.'s Of Soils And Proper Fertilizers (By C. C. YONGUE) Pear Mr. Editor: As- you were so kind as to? print a piece for me a week or so ago, I believe I'll try you on another short piece. It is possible that I nmy write a piece once in a while. That being the case, guess I had better get some system to it by taking a definite subject. Of course my sub ject will always be farming but will try and confine myself to some par ticular branch. This time my subject will be soils and fertilizers ? ? what you might call the A. B. C'a of the farming game. Ever since the Lord, while making a little inspection in the Garden of Eden and found old Adam in some devilment and put him to work, man has been dependent on the soil for his living. On down through the ages, man has tilled the soil for his daily bread, not knowing or caring any thing about the ground he worked, for there was plenty of it. When he got the best of a piece of ground, mostly by letting it was haway, he would just move over a little and plant a new piece. It is only re cently that he has begun to study it . to make it produce more crops ?f a better grade with as little work as possible. Notwithstanding the fact that we are all absolutely de pendent on it for our existence, it Has never been studied by the scien tist or the farmer as the manufac uror studies his business. i .if the last few years the p. ople ic largo are studying the soil as tiyver before. Only last summer there was held in ??ashinKton the first International Congress of soil science. This meet ing was attended by several hundred pvw|.lv- arm thirty-odd countries were i'i'i)resente<l, which shows that this r? ? A. Special - TIRE ?PAYMENT SYSTEM >FORD, CHEVROLET ^ Other Popular Priced Cars CrENERALTIRT wi Liy ACCEPTANCE CORPORATION The first and only Payment Plan financed by a tire manufacturer i . . . . . It answers the tremendous demand for a MODERN, money saving system, extending to everyone the most convenient credit through a well established, regular tire store, in busi ness to stay ? with a reputation for square dealing and equipped to give complete service. Why pay installment store prices for tires of ordinary value when just one more payment, and in some sizes even less than that, will put the General Tire on your car? Five Different Types and Styles At the Priea Yoa Want To Pay THE LOWEST PRICES IN 15 YEARS! While tire prices remain at the present low level, your selection of Generals in preference to ANY other tire, amounts to only a few cents per week under our special payment system ? so little that no one need delay a day to buy topmost quality. # No More to Pay in the Beginning Less Expense in the End. WE WANT TO SHOW YOU WHAT JCS* A DOLLAR OR TWO ON A * . TIRE WILL DO. * 7 I Brevard Tire Service J. E. LOFTIS, Mgr. BREVARD, N. C. Phone 261 ? E. Main St. BREVARD'S LEADING TIRE STORE EXCLUSIVE DISTRIBUTORS GEKERAI i ? goes a long 'way to / rit'iii t - V vivtias || ,v!u)h, v.? rl<{ .s interested!] ..i a belter -knowledge .of tin- soil. {I .v.lui) a tour i has made- a partial, and soniciiinoti a complete failure of a crop through ignorance | of the soil. '1 lie making of any crop j is the joint effort of the farmer and i the soil, so you see' how essential it is that we Know the soil. It is often | the ease thai a held or possibly ? ( whole farm will be out of lime and , the farmer be at 'a loss to know 1 what is wrong. Send for the Farm i Agent lie will advise you and if he doesn't know, will send a sample I of the soil to Knlcigh and have it i analyzed; this tells .you what to do. | I believe a farmer ought to have | j each lictd he has analyzed to see what they are short on, then he will j know what kind of fertiliser to \lso > to correct the trouble. 10 very far mer knows that sandy land and clay : land has to Ik* treated different. Of ! course, just as different kinds of land ( ' ?ceils different treatment, different j itoih- iHvd different fertilize). You ' t.oufd surely not use the same fertil ' i"?r under corn that you would un 'iic- beans. Why? I?'arm Agents wnl explain this to you in a minute. Some crops, of course, need prae- 1 lically the same fertiliser. Potatoes ' and onions can be fertilized from , th. same bag. Still you would not! usj this fertilizer under beans. Why? 'Farm Agent will tell you. Brother Farmer, the bast friend ! I you have on the farm is clover and ! i soybeans, either of which can be j grown very successfully here, with, in some eases, the use of ground lirite. You get your farm full of (clover and lime and the demonstrat ion can tell you in a minute what kind of fertilizer to use for each ( crop. 1 would rather have one good ; heavy clover stubble turned under j than have half dozen little old dried up frost ki'.J.'d rye stubble. You, often hear some farmers say they J ! are afraid to turn a green stubble for fear it will sour the ground. It I have often turned heavy clover in | May as thick as est hair and made ? r. dandy garden with it, but believe ; nv> 1 thoroughly mixed it with the soil. j I The mineral matter of the son I contains lots of plant food but it ! is practically insoluble, and well it : l is, or it would have all been washed I away and bleached out of the soil ilong ago. It is our job to make this plant food available by adding or- ; ganic matter of almost any Kind, ? some better than others of course. : One ton of oak leaves is worth con siderable more than a ton of rye stubble. In fact forest leaves are pretty good fertilizer. Any organic matter "serves to conserve moisture makes the land light and pliable so that plant roots can spread out and ; ijet the benefit of a wider range. So you see it will pay to put any kind of organic matter on the soil, the , more the better. When once there, j do your best to keep it there. There, is a constant drain on the fertility of the soil all the time. Every rain gets a little of it if it washes a bit. j Every plant that grows on it get some of it if it is taken off. All the 1 fertilizing elements it took to raise ! > riant, remains in the plant when ( it is taken off the ground. The larger! the crop the more plant food is ' taken off. So you see it is the na- ' .ural tendency of the land to be come. poorer and poorer. So for ev svy pound you take off you must put on? back in some form, and to im prove the soil put back more than you take off. There are thousands and thousands of dollars thrown away cvtry year by the farmers who don't know their soil nor the needs of the crops they plant. If a farmer would only take the time and trouble to experiment pome himself, he would soon find out just what to use. Suppose we try this when you start to plant a crop ? on the first four rows don't use any fertilizer at all; on the next four use 200 lbs. per acre of 16 percent acid; next four rows use 400 lbs. same ; next four rows 600 lbs. the same; next four rows 200 lbs. 8-2-2; next four rows 400 lbs. 8-2-2; next four rows 600 lbs. 8-2-2; next twelve rows use in the same way 8-4-4; next four tows 10-0-4. If you will take the trouble to do this it won't cost you much, then you will have some idea after counting the cost of the differ ent grades of fertilizer, then weigh ing or measuring the crop pretty well, what to do from then on in that field and with that crop. My experience is that with just ' little fertilizer I generally get just a little crop. I generally use from six to fourteen hundred pounds per acre of the high grade, all at oik inplication .then a top dressing of Xitrates later on to crops that need ^t. One bag of high grade contains more plant food than two bags of low grade and cost a little less and vou save the expense of handling the extra bag. Stable manure is of course the best fertilizer of all. but it is not worth <s?L (S& S) t HIS POOR. FEUOW QUITS" FOREVER EVRV TUESDAY A>JD FRIDAY or'rV" PRESENT PAGEANT AT THE INSTITUTE Students of Brevard Institute). :) resented a Christmas pageant of unusual interest and impreasiveness | f Sunday night in the Institute chapel ft lit. tii? regular Kpworth League hour. " Alioul 20 of the students participat- J _ cd in the program. The pageant portrayed the Christ- 1 mas story in song and pantomime, | and was most effective thru . I and well rendered by the vai <<>?".* I ones' taking pait. Include. 1 in the ? characters represented wei" th i Shepherds, the \S ise Alen, the Virgin Mary with the liaby Je^us lying ?' the manger, all appropriately drtsse?l in costume, depicting in a vivid manner the age-old story of the birth of Jesus, and its meaning to 1 tile present-day world at this C'lui t-j mas time. The story was i"urti:v>' . j!iI by a chorus of jotmg jv.rls. ! dressed in white robes and wturin;. | tinsel headbands, who march. d i pairs down the chapel aisles, singing the Christmas carols, and formed ill | a group on the stage, singing at in- j tcj vals during the program the songs ; pertaining to the Nativity. A vocal duet "Gesu Bambino" by j n.-ar so much when used alone as -',l ' i.- when the right kind of fertilizer J is used with it. Stable manure and j acid phosphate mixed is hard to beat for ordinary crops. I want to see every lTTtlo ff.rnier in this county interested in trucking and poultry and the big ones in i cattle, hogs and sheep. We have all : got to live and pay tax here, raise ; and educate our children, so let us ! get busy and find out how to do real farming and get at it. Nature lias favored us with this garden spot of the country to do all these things, [ and if we hang around and don't j do it the day will come when an out- j sider will see the advantages we have, conio in, buy our lands, and show j us how to make thrifty paying farms and happy consented families and i tell us to get to ? ? out of here, i Look in Sunday's Citizen and see what the farmers of our sister j county, Jackson, are doing with j cows sheep and chickens. They have ; awakened up over there. If you will \ take the trouble to look it up you ; will find that there are between four j and five hundred dogs in this county . and between seven and eight hun dred sheep. ? Quit farming and gone | to coon hunting. Will tell you soon just the exact figures on my chickens for the past four years. NOTICE This is to notify that. I, R. J. Car-1 land, have dissolved partnership with ! J. J. Sullivan and J. F. Carland in ~ the contract of chestnut wood on \V. A. Baynard's land. ,1 R. J. CARLAND. p Dl-8-15-22 < rs. ? winton and ftltss Uarthcloitiew .is highly enjoyed. The pageant was directed l?y .Miss unions and Airs. J\ F. \V niton, of ic Institute music department. 10 dramatization scenes being or-' iltnl by Mrs. Winton. Quite a delegation of youn^ folks oin the League of the lirevard ethodist church was in attendance t, this service, at the invitation of le Institute Leaguers. Get Your FREE CALENDAR At FOXMAN'S The best way to guard against crank case & S dilution in winter is to use good gasoline. "STANDARD" GASOLINE FOUR-WHEEL BRAKES FOR, AMERICA'S FASTEST FOUR, DODGE BROTHERS ADD MEW EOtlPMEMT AT MO INCREASE IM PRICE Four-wheel brakes of the latest and most efficient Steeldraulic type now insure deceleration equal to the amazing accelera tion of America's Fastest Four! Swift, time-saving travel is now made still safer by increased braking efficiency. Step on the brake pedal and feel the positive, cushioned braking, absolutely uniform on all four wheels. At #875 for the Sedan, f. o. b. Detroit, this famous Four with complete factory equipment, represents the smartest, swift est, sturdiest, low-cost trans portation money can buy. The car is roomy ? yet compact. Turns in a 38-foot street ? parks in 17 V2 feet of curb space ? yet provides ample room and ex ceptional comfort for five adults. Spring length 85^ of wheelbase ? the longest in its price class. Mile-a-minute performance! 25 miles to the gallon at 25 miles per hour! A brilliant performer by every standard ? a sturdy car from end to end. A Four of striking beauty ? smardy finished ? tastefully ap pointed ? luxuriously uphol stered ? long, low and grace fully designed. A car you can drive for years because in every detail it is built the good Dodgeway ? carefully and accurately ? of materials that pass Dodge Brothers high and critical standards. Six months in public service, this Four has already won as proud a name for itself as any product ever built by Dodge Brothers. After stern trial, it has been accepted as a value ? a genuine and trustworthy value. And now widi four-wheel brakes at no extra cost, you can buy it know ing that money has no greater buying power in the field of transportation. Jess A. Smith's Garage Dodce Brothers, Imc. > \ i ? /

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