North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
SCHOOL TERM HAS
DOUBLED IN DECADE !
82 Per Cent of White Children1
In Schools Operating
Raleigh, Nov. 29 ? The average1
North Carolina child has available a
school lasting 154 days, or six days
less jthan eight months, the white
school average being 152.6 days and
the negro school average 141 days,
and at the present rate of increase,
all children will have available an
H-months school term average by
1940, the current issue of "State
School Facts" shows.
At present 82.5 per cent of the
white enrollment and 38.2 per cent
of the colored enrollment in the State
are in school operating eight months
or more, or there are 338,949 rural
school and 181,931 charter white chil
dren in schools operating eight
months or more duing the year, it is
shown. The length of term has in
creased exactly one month in the past
The average term has doubled in
length since 1900 in rural schools for
both white and eolored, increasing
t'rom 76 to 152.8 days for whites and
from 69 to 129 days for colored, the
white charter schools increasing in
length from 170 to 178.4 days and the
negro charter schools from 160 to
174 days in that time. All white and
luiorcu charter schools have operated
eight months or more in the 30
years, except for the influenza year,
"North Carolina is one of the three
states having a minimum term provi
sion written into its fundamental law,
the Constituion," the publication
Seventeen counties, 12 in the east,
have no white children enrolled in
schools of less than eight months,
while 10 counties have no negro chil
dren in schools of less than eight
months, or 160 days.
Transylvania county rural schools
have an average term of 160 days for
white and 160 days for colored chil
dren. Enrollment of pupils in white
schools of the county having less than
eight months number none, while
those enrolled in schools of more than
eight months number 2,476. The en
rollment in colored rural schools hav
ing less then eight months number
none and 169 are enrolled in schools
having more than eight months, 1929
30 figures show. J.
Blantyre Breeze* j
Ralph Murphy of Leicester, visited
Raymond Reed recently.
Huntley Mahaffoy spent sometime
with friends here recently.
The singers of this community met
at the home of Mr. Oat Morgan one
night last week and entertained him
with songs. Mr. Morgan has been in
poor health for a long time, and he
enjoys singing very much.
Lee Gash, who has been in poor
health for sometime, is not very
Mrs. John Reed visited her uncle,
D. E. Lyday, of Turkey Creek, one
day last week. She reports Mr. Ly
day very ill, but improving slowly.
Mr. and Mrs. D. H. Orr and little
daughter, Frances, called on friends
Miss Belle Reed spent last Wed
nesday with Mrs. W. A. Lyday and
Mrs. D. H. Orr, of Pisgah Forest.
We are glad to report that Mrs.
Lee Gash is improving after being ill
for quite a while.
The Blantyre church and Sunday
School made a nice little Thanksgiv
ing offering, which has been sent to
our orphans at The Mills Home.
Mr. and Mrs. Drake of Beulah,
passed through our section recently.
We are sorry to report that Wil
liam Frady had the misfortune to
stick a snag in his eye last week and
it is feared that he will lose his eye.
However, Dr. Newland, attending
ohysician, has some lu>pe of saving
M jss Sadie Reed is spending her
vacation at her home here.
There All the Tim-e
School ma'am: "Emulate George
Dusky Lad (from the rear of the
roonii: "No'm, I'se been here all the
WORK TAKEN FROM !
School Costs To Be Paid Direct
From Headquarters In
I Raleigh, Dec. 2 ? Teachers in North j
\ Carolina will be greatly benefitted
| and handling of the school funds will
be greatly facilitatc-d by a recent
I ruling of Attorney General JD. G.
i Brummitt, as requested by the State j
! Board of Equalization. The result j
will be that the blanket bonds on |
' .(.unty treasurers will be cancelled, I
these treasurers or the county finan- 1
? cial agents and the county superin- !
tendents placed under nominal fidel- 1
ity bonds, and, more important, will
eliminate the necessity for long waits
of teachers in receiving their salaries.
! The school law contemplated hand
< ling the funds by county treasurers,
' but the detail and red tape necessary,
along with the holding by the Attor
ney General that the school funds are
State funds and must be handled by
j the State Treasurer, all involving
'difficulties that could not be overcome,
.led to the revised and simplified plan.
The original plan caused long delays
in getting salaries to the teachers and
'the need for sending the money in
two installments. Much of the bond
j money will also be saved by the new
i "Through the method of disburse
I ment made possible by Mr. Brum
! mitt's ruling, it is believed a great
deal of the confusion and delay in
making payments to the teachers will
be eliminated," LeRoy Martin, secre
tary of the State board, said. "This
has been a great source of irritation
I and all school people will no doubt
I welcome the relief herewith afford- '
ed," he said. j
STATE BORROWS TO
j PAY THE TEACHERS
The State of North Carolina, due
'to its guarantee to pay salaries of
(teachers and other school expenses
| for six months, had to borrow $3,800,
1000 on revenue anticipation notes to
imeet the school costs of about $2,800,
j 000 a month, and had to pay an in
terest rate of 6 per cent, in contrast
i to the 2 Vt per cent paid on short term
I notes of $2,602,370 sold in July. Con
dition of the financial market caused
| the higher interest rate. The First
i National Bank, New York, took $3,
000,000, the American Trust Co.,
; Charlotte, $600,000, and other N. C.
, Banks took the remaining $300,000
; of the issue.
Borrow was necessary in part bc
I cause only 42 of the 100 counties had
: paid a total of $657,235.33 of the $5,
} 000,000 expected by the end of the
year from the 17 cent advalorem tax
ion property and the poll tax of $1.50
ja man. This and the income tax due
[March 15 are expected to pay off the
| SINCE THE RULING
| Raleigh, Dec. 2 ? More than 25 of
the approximately 3,000 notaries pub
lic in North Carolina have notified
i Governor Gardner's office that they
are now ineligible, as a result of the
three to two decision of the N. C.
(Supreme Court that a notary public i
is a public , state office, Miss Mamie
Turner, executive clerk, reports.
Attorney General D. G. Brummitt
has written numerous letters inform
ing: inquirers that "By express pro
visions of Article XIV, Section 7, of !
the Constitution, a justice of the
peace and a notary public, may
not be a notary and hold any other
public office. Officers in private cor
porations are not included, of course.
A notary public is not permitted
to hold any of the following offices,
under the court ruling: Federal, dis
trict court, or enforcement officers,
nr postmaster; State, officers or
heads of departments or divisions;
county, commissioners or other of
fices, attorney, judges or other county
offices; City, clerk, treasurer, auditor,
secretary, judge or board of alder
men, commissioners lor counfcilman,
or any "two offices of profit and
TO MEET IN RALEIGH
Capital Wins Out Over Char
lotte's Bid for Jackson
Raleigh was selected over Charlotte j
as the place of the next Jackson- Day
Dinner, staged by the Young People's
Democratic Organization, at a meet
ing of the executive committee here
last week Tne date will probably be,
March 11, anniversary of the birth of I
Andrew Jackson, although there is
some talk of holding it January 8,
anniversary of the Battle of New Or
leans. State College auditorium, with
a 1,500 seating capacity, was offered.
Charlotte offering its armory-audito
rium, capable of seating 2,500 diners.
Claude G. Bowers, Democratic key
note speaker in 1928, Governor Frank
lin D. Roosevelt and Newton D. Bak
er, are among the speakers to be
considered by the committee on ar
rangements and program named by
Chairman Tyre C. Taylor. Tickets
will be distributed, as two ago, on the
basis of Democratic vote for Governor
in 1928, by counties, Mr. Taylor an
Edwin Gill, Governor Gardner's
secretary, was appointed chairman of
the committe having full charge of
the dinner, including arrangements,
distribution of tickets, inviting speak
ers and honor guests and all other
details. Other members of his com
mittee are: Mrs. James L. Scott,
Greensboro, vice-chairman ; J. Dewey
Dorsett, Raleigh; Henry T. Fisher,
Charlotte; J. S. Massenburg, Tryon;
John M. Glenn, Gatesboro; Henry
McKinnon, Maxton; Miss Ida Wilkin
son, Winstorr-Salem; Thomas Turner,
! Hihg Point; John B. Grudup, Hen
Selica News Notes
Well folks, we hope we have most
recovered, or at least enough to
state some of the happenings. Yes,
the game and fire wardens scared
some of our boys some bad ? anyway,
it cost one $6.50 to chase one bunny,
while the poor quails were falling in
the nearby sage field. Why such par
Weldon Gillespie of Greenville, S.
C., was visiting David and Aj-thur
Orr during the week-end.
Lonnie Barton is building a new
Some of our folks attended a birth
day dinner at the home of Uncle
Baxter Whitmire Sunday and report
a wonderful time.
W. W. Galloway, who has had a
very bad hand, is reported to be im
Tom and Johnnie McKinna were
visiting in the Turkey Creek Com
Mrs. Elzie Barton and children
?were visiting her parents, Mr. and
Mrs. James Head, last week.
There will be preaching at Cathey's
Creek next Sunday by the Pastor. It
seems so long since we had preaching
as last month had five Sundays.
I Mrs. Florence McKinna was visiting
her sister, Mrs. Henry Garren, of
i Mrs. Joe Dunn was called to Wolf
' Mountain on account of the death of
her brother David Shelton last week.
We are sorry to lose our Cherry
field reporter but appreciate his ser
vices in his new work. He was in our
[section recently, running down the
i ones who have been visiting our
I neighbors' corn fields and carrying
i away their corn. We hope he may
! have the cooperation of the County
] officials and all the good citizens in
stopping this and also the ones who
have been visiting our chicken roosts
McKinley and Robert Eubanks
were Toxaway callers recently.
We were very sorry to hear of the
death of David Shelton, one of the
most prominent and beloved citizens
of Jackson County. Our sympathy
goes out to his family in their bere
Clarence Galloway, President of
our B. Y. P. U., has been very sick
but was able to be on the job Sunday
Prayer service for Wednesday
evening, December 9th, at the home
of Mr. and Mrs. Perry Hamilton,
conducted by Wesley McCall.
Stamey Creek Prayer Sen-ice will
be at the home of Calvin Stamey, by
Mrs. Adger Stamey, frm St. John,
CARL SUGGESTS A
FEW NEW CHANGES
Hy CARL GOERCHE
There's real system to this kind of
weather we've been having through
out the fall. Until fou# weeks before
Christmas it was so dry and warm
that nobody felt like doing any shop
ping. From now on it's going to ?'?
so cold, rainy and generally disagree
able that nobody will be able to do ,
We all have our troubles. I was in '
Guy Smaii's store a few days ago. j
Guy runs a book and stationery estab- j
lishment in Washington. He was
shooing flies away from his stock of
"Ther're smart flies," he comment- j
ed. "They won't rest themselves on
the cheap, two-for-five-cents cards.
No, sir. They pick out the fifteen- f
cent cards every time. Drat 'em!1
1 Is Mr. Small's statement paid for'.' j
You may be interested in knowing |
that not one cent was paid to Mr. ,
Small to make the above statement.
MY. Small has been a shooer of flies
for a number of years. We hope the
publicity herewith given will be as
beneficial to him and his store as his
endorsement is to you and to me.
Why is it that on these cold, driz
'zly dreary mornings when you sleep
later than usual and have to rush
and get dressed in order to get down
to work on time, you always find that
the fire has gone out during the night
and has to be rebuilt from the ground
j I've never known it to fail. Inci
dentally, I know of a whole lot of
things that are more pleasant and
| agreeable than standing around in a
1 pair of pajamas or a night-shirt,
waiting for a flickering fire to catch
up so you can leave it.
I Along with a whole lot of other
things, I believe there is one special
factor that has been more responsible
for what we jokingly call the depres
sion than anything else.
i It's this business of sending money
out of town.
In my town, there are about a
thousand automobiles. Not a hun
dred of those automobiles were paid
for at the time they came into pos
session of their present owners. Prac
! tically all of them were bought on
time. That means that a good sized
payment has to be made on those cars
'every month, which also means that
money is sent out of town and can
never do any good here.
i The average payment per month
probably it around thirty dollars.
Multiply that by nine hundred and
you get $27,000. And when a sum
like that leaves your town every
month, no wonder that business is
poor and merchants are complaining.
I If you want to, you can add radios,
electric refrigerators and a numbci
of other things to the list of automo
' The Governor's committee on doe
! toring the constitution of North Caro
lina met last week in Raleigh. Quite
;s number of suggestions were made
relative to improving that document,
j Personally I'd be willing to see all of
those suggestions discarded in favor
of one blanket and wholesale recom
! mendation, namely,
"That is shall be declared unlawful,
unconstitution, unorthodox and un
jeverything-else for any individual
within the boundaries of North Caro
lina to purchase any article on time,
on credit, or on a deferred payment
plan. Violation. of this act shall ren
der the guilty party liable to a term
' of five years in the state peniten
I If such an act were passed and
enforced, we'd have Old Man Pros
perity back with us so quickly that
it would make your head swim.
8th chapter, Thursday evening.
Next Saturday evening Prayer
? Service will be conducted by Mrs.
\ Tom Galloway.
i Mr. and Mrs. J. Smith, of Brevard,
were visitors of the later's parents,
Mr. and Mrs. David Orr, Thanksgiv
Henry McKinna and Geter Bart
on were dinner guests .of Mr. and
Mrs.. Ward Breedlove Sunday.
Mr. and Mrs. Henry Barton
moved to Brevard for the winter
months. We will all miss them and
look forward to their return.
TRYING TO NAME THE
10-YEAR PLAN CHILD;
Contest Attracting Attenticr.
and Many Names Are
Raleigh, Dec. 2 ? Scores of names
have already been received in the
contest for naming the organization
which wil lseek to caryr out the "Ten
Year-Plan" suggested by Tyre C
Taylor for rehabilitation and devel
opment of North Carolina, Dr. A. T
Allen, chairman, announces. Almos
every section of the State is reprc
sented in the answers submitted for
Letters containing names submitt
ed must be postmarked not later than
midnight, December 9. The first
prize is a week's vacation, with ail
expenses paid, at any resort hotel in
the State and if the winner is marri
ed, the husband or wife may accom
pany him or her. The second prize
is two suits of North Carolina-madr
homespu^. Suggestions for names
should be sent to the Contest Com
President Taylor has named a com
mittee, care Tyre C. Taylor, Raleigh,
mittee to handle Project A of the
plan, that of attracting tourists to
'the State, as follows: E. S. Draper.
I Charlotte, chairman; Ralph W. Page,
! Aberdeen; Harry C. Bourne, Tarboro;
:F. Roger Miller, Asheville; Paul C.
i Lindley, Greensboro; W. T. Polk,
Warrenton; W. 0. Saunders, Eliza
beth City; Struthers Burt, Southern
Pines; E. B. Jeffress, Raleigh; L. B.
Morse, Chimney Rock; Harris New
iman, Wilmington; P. Frank Hanes,
Winston-Salem; Mrs. John H. Ander
son, Raliegh; Miss Gertrude Weil.
Goldsboro; T. L. Bland, Religh;
? Reuben Robertson, Canton; and
| George Ross Pou, Raleigh.
i Oakland News Items j
Mrs. Dan Reid and Mrs. S. B. Mc
J Call were joint hostesses at an old
? time quilting party given at the home
! of Mr. and Mrs. Dan Reid during
j the Thanksgiving holidays. While
. quilting the ladies were entertained
jwith delightful radio music and at
| the noon hour a delicious dinner was
; served to the following guests: Mrs.
i S. E. Alexander, Mrs. E. A. Reid,
Mrs. W. W. Reid, Mrs. Charles Ben
nett, Mrs. Dock Banther, M?b. Clar
ence Norton, Mrs. Leonard Thomas,
Mrs. Lee Norton and Miss Lula Reid.
Another enjoyable occasion was a
surprise quilting party given Mrs.
Maggie Nicholson on Thanksgiving
i day with a picnic dinner cooked 011
; a campfire in the yard by part of the
I ladies, while the others did the quilt
1 ing. A good feature of this party was
a basket of good eats packed from
the picnic lunch and sent by Mr
Clarence Norton and Miss Lula Reid
to one of our needy families.
1 Rev. and Mts. Lewis Lyday and
daughters, Misses Lora Bell. Lois and
Betty Jean, and son, Lewis, Jr., of
Porterdale, Ga., spent Wednesday
night with Mr. and Mrs. I. S. San
I Mr. and Mrs. Fred Nicholson and
children of Rosman, spent Thanks
giving with the former's parents,
Mr. and Mrs. Wade Nicholson.
Mr. and Mrs. Dan Reid were in
Brevard on business one day last
J. C. McCall, who has employment
in Jackson county, spent the "week
end with his parents, Rev. and Mrs.
S. B. McCall.
Mr. and Mrs . J. L. Sanders of
Quebec, called on friends here Sun
Mr. and Mrs. E. A. Reid called on
Mr. and Mrs. Welch Reid Sunday
Rev. S. B. McCall was supper
guest of Sunday evening of Mr. and
Mrs. Clarence Norton.
Leo Reid spent Sunday afternoon
with Oscar McCall.
Misses Flora Bess and Lessie Reid
of Cullowhee, made a short visit to
their grandparents, Mr. and Mrs.
, T. B. Reid Thanksgiving day.
? Miss Alberta Burgess spent Sun
day afternoon with Mrs. W. F. Mc
Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Norton
were Brevard visitors Saturday.
Robert and L. C. Sanders motored
to .Asheville Sunday morning to meet
Eric Edwards, who was returning
from New York.
Miss Evand Sanders and Miss
NOW IN THE MAKING
Short Ballot, New Judgeship
System and Many Other
Raleigh, Dec. 2 ? North Carolina's
antiquated Constitution, adopted in
1868 and amended many times, but
tediously, until it is topheavy and
cumbersome, would be- almost com
pletely reworked by Governor Gard
ner's Constitutional Commission, judg
ing from suggested chanties made at
the meeting last Friday, the group ad
journing to meet again January 1
The "short ballot," granting the
veto power to the Governor, allowing
women to serve on juries, allowing
majority vote verdicts of juries in all
but capital offenses, classification or*
property for taxation, removing si*'
per cent limit on income, abolishing
rotation of superior oouri judges,
were suggested^ of Judge John
Parker, of the U. S. Circuit Court
Appeals; a new "public welfare"
ticle to conserve, by legislation, watpr
power, fish, game, forests, minerals
and other natural resources, was si'.g
Clinton. Chief Justice W. P. Stacy
gested by Major George E. Butler,
and Burton Craige, Winston-Salem,
offered other suggestions.
The commission, created by the
1931 General Assembly to report be
fore the 1932 session, will hear Chas.
M. Johnson, director of Local Gov
ernment, and Supt. R. H. Latham, of
the Winston-Salem schools, at the
January meeting. Dean H. T. Van
Hacht and Prof. Fred B. McCall, of
the State University Law School,
spoke on the veto power, the judicial
system, and Prof. Malcolm McFer
mett, Duke niversity law school, re
ported on county government. Dean
N. Y. Gulley, Wake Forest law school,
will report on taxation later.
I Other suggested changes follow:
eliminate constitutional provision
against re-election of Governor and
Lieutenant Governor; permit Gover
nor to submit to General Assembly
revenue and appropriation bills and
State budget; restrict extra General
Assembly sessions to specific purpose
named by Governor; divide State into
three judicial districts, electing the
judges within such districts for 10
years, removable for cause by Gen
eral Assembly and retired at age of
70 years; increasing Supreme Court
justice from five to seven; creating
Department of Justice under Attor
ney General heading up State solici
tors an dwith State police under de
partment; remove restriction of wo
men serving on juries; delete "male"
from many sections of Constitution;
indict only in capital oases, other to
be tried on information; trial without
jury by consent of the parties, ex
cept in capital cbses; prohibit farm
ing out prisoners; provide for county
manager form of government.
Myrtle McCall visited one of our
needy neighbors and made them
glad by carrying them part of their
The Baptist young folks met at
The home of Mrs. Rainc Sunday aft
ernoon at her request, and sang for
an hour, which seemed to give the
elderly lady very great pleasure.
Mr. and Mrs. E. A. Reid visited
Mrs. R. J. Cook Sunday.
Rev. Lewis Lyday and Robert
Sanders visited friends in the Bo
haney section Thursday.
Fred McNeely and I. S. Sanders
were Asheville visitors Saturday
Mrs. S. E. Alexander spent sever
al days last week with her brother,
E. D. Reid and family.
The Sunday School with Mr. Clark
as superintendent, and the B. Y. P.
U. with Mrs. Walter McKinna as
president, at Lake Toxaway Baptist
church are still doing good work.
Nearly a hundred per cent of the
children are enrolled in the Sunday
School, and we believe we could have
all who should come to the Baptist
church it it were not so far for some
of them to walk. May the good work
j THE RIGHT WAY TO TRAVEL
i?*by train. The safest. Most com
fortable. Most reliable. Costs less.
Inquire of Ticket Agents regarding
grttttv reduced fares for short trips.
The GATES OF TOYLAND have swung WIDE OPEN, and all the children may enter. What treasures
there are in this marvellous, topsy-turvy land where sorrow is unknown! Fascinating toys may be obtained
here, toys for both boys and girls, at the lowest prices in town. These toys will bring happy smiles to the faces
of children. We invite you to come with your children to see our remarkable display of enchanting toys. We
have mechanical trains, dolls, jumping jacks, construction sets, games, puzzles, tricks, toy soldiers, toy kitch
en sets, blocks, toy animals ? in fact, everything!