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EDITED BY . C. M. Douglas,
under the supervision of J, A.
Glazener, ,T. F.' Corbin, and the
Farmers of this county.
Devoted to the interests
of Transylvania Farm
ers. ahd their problems.
-MED ON FARM
Good Pasture One of Essentia
Things for Average
'?fC ) Farmer
J. F. CORB1N
Agri. Instructor fioaman High School
At the present ticM, we have a sun
plus of gome farmjflftucts on hand,
and a shortage of<fljP?, all of which
could have been produced on the
This is especially true now
lab more or less true all the time.
In connection with Governor Gard
ner's Live-at-Home program a pam
phlet was sent out giving the food
and feed requirements for a person
or animal for one year. Recently in
the Agriculture class each boy was
asked to use this sheet and make a
jttod and feed budget for his home
lazily. After he had listed the
amount of each kind of food and feed
needed on the farm to supply each
person and animal with a balanced
ration, he was then asked to list the
amount of each f6od and feed grown
on the farm in 1931 and determine
the t!urplu3 or shortage as the case
might be. Of course in some cases
some needed supplies could not be
produced, and there was generally a
surplus of potatoes, and with the
present amount of livestock, a sur
plus of corn. But in this one Agri
culture class we found the following
shortage, which could be grown on
the home farm in most cases:
Wheat, 860 bu.; oats, 1421 bu.;
wheat shorts, 4500 lbs.; wheat bran,
840 lbs.: hay, 110 tons; pasture,
21 1-2 acres. It would take one of the
better farms in the county to produce
all the above shortage as represented
in this class. All these crops were
not bought but they were needed and
if not purchased it means that ani
mals and people were not properly
nourished, which means less produc
tion and less income. We are all
agreed that in order to better farm
conditions we must have a larger in
cone or lessen the outgo.
Wc hear a lot about a balanced
agriculture. Until we grow the above
mentioned crops we will not have a
balanced agriculture. Pretty soon it
is time to sow spring oats and to sow
pasture grass. Good pasture is the
cheapest stock food on the place.
Let's put out a few acres thi3 spring
while the seed is cheap.
"MILK FOR HEALTH" SAYS
N. C. HEALTH AUTHORITY.
A "Milk for Health" campaign is
being conducted by t^e State Board
of Health during the next few weeks,
for the purpose of calling attention |
of the citizens of the State to the '
value of producing milk as a part of,
the daily food diet. Contests are to,
be conducted in the schools of the
State for essays on the value of milk :
to health and extensive publicity will
accompany the campaign. Dr. J. M.
Parrott, State Health officer, calls :
attention to the prevalence of pellagra '
in the State, pointing out that milk is '
one of the most valuable assets In '
fighting that disease.
* PIANTFOREST REESi
ON LAND NOT NEEDED,
The planting of forest trees aa a
means of using idle fields, reclaiming
eroded hillsides ar.d beginning a re
serve store of fucure wealth is urged
upon farmers of North Carolina by
R. W. Graeber, extension forester at
State College, who says tree planting
is in full swing now over that State.
But while Mr. Graeber suggests
that farmers ought to plant trees on
their idle fields and eroded hillsides,
he sees a place for the city man to
plant trees also.
Those men who have definite busi
nesses in town yet own farms which
they conduct as a 'hobby or perhaps
as a place on which to build a home
away from the noise anjd dust and
dirt, should also plant trees, says Mr.
Graeber. First, he suggests that the
city man build his house, arrange the
grounds, designate space for the
flower and vegetable gardens, and
then plant all the remaining land ir.
trees. Such a system will prevent
much worry and will leave the. city
person with a better bank account
after a lapse of from 15 to 20 years.
Better still, the land will be taken out
of competition with the farmer who
must make his livelihood from the
There has been a great increase in
the planting of forest trees this
winter, Mr. Graeber says. He has
given a number of field demonstra
tions to aid 'ando^gprs in reforesting
^r -~"?ste acres; jfnd has forwarded
thousands of seedling
;Stete Forest Nursery.
-J, ? ,' prafcipaHy pines of the
, Various varieties, may be obtained at
about the cost of packing them for
shipment Trees suitable for the
mountain sections are somewhat high
er in price, he says.
Alleghany county farmers pur
chased 3000 pounds of common anc
Korean lespedeza seed from- Stanlj
and Rowan farmers last week.
Fifty-one fanners and farm womer
sold $266.19 worth of produce oi
^ the Durham curb market last Satur
The supply of milk delivered toth*
new plant in North Wilkesboro ha
& more than doubled since the factor;
opened on January 19.
LITTLE BIT OF WORK A DDI
MUCH TO SURROUNDING*
Primary use of a well shed is to keej
' -the lain and slush from about th<
' family water supply, most anj
| average farmer's boy will tell you
but such is not the case. Proof thai
la well shed can be more than a wel
, shed can be found at the home of th(
iDicksons near Calvert
' This happy family of boys, instead
I of putting down four picccs of timbci
, as posts and topping it out with ?
1 cover, have made one of the mosl
artistic affairs to be seen in this
county. By using tree trunks with
| parts "of limbs appropriately left on,
they have a delightful little retreat
i in the yard that would be an asset to
any home in Western North Carolina.
LEES McRAE COLLEGE TO
SPONSOR ESSAY CONTEST
j For the three best essays on the
subject, "The Western North Caro
lina Organized Farm Movement," the
department of Mountain Farming of
Lees McR4e College is offering three
prizes in the form of $50, $26 and $10
scholarships to Lees McRae College
for the school year, 1932-33.
- Rules of the essay contest:
1. ? Any high school senior or high
school graduate under 21 years of
age is eligible to enter this contest.
2. ? Contestant must reside in one
of the counties included in the W. N.
C. Organized Farm Movement.
3. ? Essays must not exceed 2000
words in length.
4. ? Essays must be submitted be
' for April 1, 1932.
5. ? Contestants may interview the
county agent, agricultural teacher or
others in an effort to gather neces
sary material, and information.
Judges of the contest will be: Ed
gar H. Tufts, president Lees McRae
College; Bruce Webb, director of
Promotion; H. A. Osborne, chairman
Regional Council; Mrs. John Calfee,
Essays are to be sent to: Depart
ment of Mountain Farming, Lees
McRae College, Banner Elk, N. C.
Contestants can get copies of the
list of objectives of the Farm Move
ment from the Farm Department of
The Asheville Citizen-Times.
LITTLE RIVER MEN
IN FARM MEETINGS
Little River farmers are meeting |
.regularly, with Prof. J. A, Glazenerl
as leader, discussing phases of local
farm questions, with a view to bet- j
tering agricultural interests there.
At the meeting spheduled for Fri- j
day night of this week "Farm
Management" will be ttie main topic,
A large group of farmers are attend
ing each of the meetings.
FARMER'S PRAYER TELLS
OF HIS MANY BLESSINGS
"I am thankful that I own no
stocks which I had bought at peak
prices. I am grateful for guidance;
that kept me out of speculative,
markets. It is good not to have to read ,
the stocK market quotations np"h
morning before prayer in order to
find out how much poorer I am than j
I was the day before.
"I am glad that I am not a laboring
man with a job or in danger of losing
the one I might have. I wear no man's
collar to the office, wondering wheth
er I am to remain until night. I
purely am fortunate that I am not -n
' coal operator nor steel manufacturer,
ir.or any other official hunting trade
where there is no trade.
j "Give me my pigs and chickens and
cows, my health and my strength and
,my freedom and my faith. I am not
; making any money, but I am not los
ing so much that I face disaster and
j hunger. I still have a place to sleep
and three square meals a day.
j "Once I looked with envy upon my
i fellow citizens. I thougt they lived in
luxury and peace. This morning they
j need comfort and divine grace to face
"1 am grateful for the small
blessings and the regular blessings
that fall upon me ?nd mine, and my
land. I hope my sins," my hypocrisy
and my shortcomings will be over
I looked, and believe me, I am content
j that I am not as many others are."
* There really are^
acme people $low
they could bo
over by opporfunuy
and /hen ajjolo fne,
for ?ettm. in t K.
i t :
COW PRODUCING 400 LBS
OF BUTTERFAT YEARLY ? *
- HOURS OF LABOR ? j YR
I GOOD COW
U .*L '
The striking difference between low-yielding M?crub" cows and a good
400-pound producer of butterfat Is shown here. One good cow Is wartii
mora than ten "scrub" cows la Income and her labor costs are lower.
Upper Transylvania Farmers j
Planning instructive Work;
j That farmers of the upper end cd
| the county are already interested in
I the farm movement as outlined in the
6-10 Year Farm Improvement pro
gram, was shown at a meeting held
at the Rosman High school building
Tuesday night when a number of in- '
terested citizens met to hear the plans ?
Pians already in the making call
] for the purchase of a purebred,
| Guernsey Bull, and the probable in
stallation of a lime storage place for ,
j the cooperative handling of tais
I needed item. I
1 Prof. John Corbin, agricultural in
! structor of Rosman High school, pre
sided at the meeting after reading
I the objectives adopted a3 a standard
for this county in the farm movement i
for Western North Carolina, explain
ed to the farmers present that the ,
program was for the farmer's
benefit, and that if it was put across
the farmer would be the one who
would do it. He declared that the
, meetings that are being held over the
j county are for the purpotc of com- :
j paring notes, so that the best methods j
j could be decided upon, and these ideas
taken a3 a basis upon which to work.
I Mr. Corbin told of a trip he and i
i several others of the county had
?taken last week into Tennessee, and'
while there stopped at Greenville j
! where they made the discovery that
j there was a market for poultry ? and '
[that market van in Western North
i Carolina. In Greene county,. Tennes
jsee, Mr. Corbin said that there was ,
a total of 460,000 hens, and that the
majority of the eggs from this large j
number of he?3 were being shipped;
to Ashevilie, the poultry raisers there ]
asserting that this was a much better j
market than New other j
northern markets. iflBwtf.nce wasj
used as an illustration to show that
: there is a market for Transylvania
[ products if produced in large quanti
ties and marketed so. A solid train- ,
load of poultry and eggs are being '
I shipped from Morristown, Tenn.,
|cach week, he said.
i Prof. J. A. Glazener, chairman of
| the Transylvania Agricultural com- t
:mittee, discussed problems confront
I ing farmers of the county today as
i ?""" ' 1 1 "
pertains to the overcoming of the '
price decline in crops grown here. In
order to combat the low prices 1 ,
effective, there is but one way left
open, the farm leader decltred, and
that is by increasing production. He
showed clearly the impossibility ofr
this county as a unit in the agricul- .
tural world, to raise the price of 'i
products grown here to a great extent ! '
and hence the only road left open !
would be to lower the cost of pro- i
Lime, Legumes, Livestock, truck- j
ing and poultry, the slogan adopted !
by the executive council of the county I (
agricultural committee was pointed ' ?
cut by Prof. Glarizener as the most*'
logical way to go about this reduction ?' |
in the price of production. Lime, the ]
main essential in this program, can ,
be had at a very reasonable figure;,
now, he asserted, if purchased co- ! ,
Mr. Glazener outlined a plan (or-,
the handling of lime in the county that < |
wouid place stations at four centra] j '
points in the county, Lake Toxaway, ?
Rosman, Brevard and Penrose. Lime j
of a high grade, he said, could be !
purchased in Tennessee, and deliver- jj
ed to the farmers here at an ,
approximate cost of $3 per ton by ,
using these stations as distributing
Efforts had been made by Mr. '
Glazener and others to utilize th? :
local lime deposits, but after thorough !
investigation, it is found that the lime 1
can be purchased at a less figure than ' i
it would take to install machinery i
and produce it locally. ji
Mrs. Bates Fatton, chairman of the i
Ladies work in connection with the:'
farm movement, spoke briefly on thej
work for farm women, and advocated i
poultry as a money making line to '
ii'ow. She urged the raising of Bar- <
red Rocks, cautioning the J
take up the wcrb in a em
gradually increasing the flocks. ,i
J. W. Dickson, who made the!"
Tennessee trip with Prgf. Glazener j!
and Prof. Corbin, and who has beer, j
in the county for the past two,
seasons, spoke enthusiastically of this;'
section and predicted benefits for the 1 1
county as a whole if the 6-10 program i
was carried out. ]
OSBORNE HERD RANKS
HIGH IN THE CAROL! WAS
The Osborne herd at Canton, ranks J
high in the land of first clas3 milk J
producers, according to the current;
February issue of The North Carolina
Guernsey News. A number of men- j
tions ere made of stock from thoj
Osborne herd and stock that descend
ed from the sires sold or raised on j
the Osborne farma.
Foremost Boy, the purebred Guern- j
sey bull, loaned farmers of this j
county by Mr. A. H. Osborne, andi
now at the farm of Flave Holden near I
Pisgah Forest, is of the family of]
milk producers that come in for such i
mention in the official Guernsey pub.
lication of the Carolintta.
STUDY LIME AT MEET
Farmers of the upper end of the
county will meet at the Rosman high
school building next Tuesday night,
March 1, to take up the discussion of
Prof. J. F. Corbin, agriculture in
structor, will lead the discussion, and ,
will test toils for their need of lime. 1
This action was decided upon at the .
meeting held there Tuesday night.
Farmers who have soil they wish
tested for iime needs are asked to
bring samples to the meeting. In pro
curing the sample of soil to be test
ed, particular care is urged by Prof.
Corbin. He suggests that an inch or
so of the soil be scraped away with .
a clean instrument, and a spoonful
of the soil be taken from under this
top layer, paying close attention to
keeping the soil clear of contamina
tion from the hands or soiled tools.
Place the soil in a clean paper bag,
and brieg to the meeting.
SEEN BY FARMERS
Several prominent farmers of the
:ounty have been to the Farm Page ;
Editor with request that other far
mers and truck raisers of the county
be "felt out" along the line of a curb
market in Brevard during the sum- j
mer ironths. These farmers, one of .
whom goes in for trucking in a large |
p/ay, axeof the opinion that there is , <
sufficient demand locally for a curb,
market to operate here at least two|'
days each week,
A number of other North Carolina
towns and cities are using the curb
market, and have found that it is
profitable beta to tha grower and the
:onsumer. Hendersonville operated
such a system for sale of farm pro
ducts last year.
SOME FARMERS QUESTION !
MILK FEEDING PROJECT j
Several fanners of the county have j
jueationed the credulity of the story j
:arr:ed on last week's Farm Page in |
regard to feeding skim milk to milch !
lows. However, Mr. Flave Hoiden,
:vho is the first fanner of the county
to try this feed project, says that he
not only believes it to -be 0. K., but j
that he can prove it, and as proof!
lonchwives, asl?j any skeptic to call |
it round at the Broad street. A. & P. I
3 a a i
The new Pamlico Creamery at ,
Washington has over 100 patron3
[tow and the cream checks are begiu
ling to Appear more generally over
Beaufort county. '
TO MEET THURSDAY
Will Gather at Enon School To
Ductus the 5-10 Year
Farmers of the Penrose wctlon will
gather at Enon school Thursday night
of this week at 7:30 o'clock to dis
cuss farming problems relative to
their community, and the general pro
gram of farming contained in the
5-10 Year Western North Carolina
movement being sponsored by The
Prof. J. A. Glazener, chairman of
the agricultural committee, and Mvl_
Bates Patton, chairmen of the Ladle*
Farm Auxiliary, wili be preoent and
Much interest is being shown in the
movement throughout the county, and
leaders in the program are devoMng
much time to the work, giving up
several nights oach week to the work.
BEST TO PLANT
Those crops seeds wtych hAve been
grown under the supervision of the
North Carolina Crop Improvement
Association are the best to plant
Particularly is this true this year
when quality must count in tha
marketing of all farm produce.
"Crop seeds which have oeen certi
fied by the Crop Improvement As
sociation are of the highest quality
because they conform to the standards
of the International Crop Improve
ment. Association, " says W. H. Darat,
director of this work at State College.
"Then too certified seed must be of
a variety approved by the North
Carolina Experiment Station. Be
fore a variety 1s eligible for certifi
cation it ir.ust show merit in com
parative field tfials fir a period of
at least three years. Certified seed
must aho pass a rigid field and bin
inspection. The first inspection ie
made in the field before harvest when
the crop is studied for purity of
variety, the presence of noxious
weeds, and for plant diseases."
After the seed has been harvested,
cleaned and prepared for market,
representative samples are secured
and analyzed in the State seed labora
tory for germination, purity of
variety, weed seeds and foreign ma
terials. The seeds must always con
form to high standards of quality,
Mr. Darst declares. The inspections
are made by seed experts employed
by the State and these men muot
qualify as disinterested in either the
cfop or the person growing the
seeds. All claims as to origin, breed
ing, and manner of threshing and
cleaning must be verified by the
Mr. Darst says no other source of
seed found or. the market ia so care
fully chocked as to quality and value.
FOR SALE or exchange ? Black
vralruts; hatching eggs from very
3ne stock Barred Hocks, 50 cents
wr 16 eggs. Will exchange for
!"?^3^?Ku^nd gooseberry plants, or
young gfape vim.-? 2\.. M. Mitchell,
Brevard, Rt. 3. " ?
TRY OUR WANT ADS.
No matter how well you prepare
your soil, no matter how much
high grade fertilizer you use ?
It takes good seed to grow good
We carry a complete line of Garden,
Field and Flower Seed that we can sell
you at reasonable prices ? and they are
GOOD Seed ? the kind that grow.