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Devoted to the interests
of Transylvania Farm
ers and their problems.
EDITED BY MARK T. ORE,
under the supervision of J. A,
Gl?ze?er, J. JF. CorbiiJ, and the
Fanners of this cotrnty,
Number of Dairy Cowa Skowp
By C?mu Report To Be
OaUHkMkt . |
A recent government report indi
cates that the number of dairy cows
on farms is larger than a year ago, '
and that the number is increasing.
Reports from a large number of far
mers indiogs that they are planning j
further ifcjeasea in milk cows next
year. Foreign prices of dairy products
nave declined the la.at few months
during the season* when thejt usually
ria. A year ago, the New Yo^k price
of butter was about the same as the
foreign price. During the bat year
the price of Danish butter has de
clined about a third, while our prices
have been nearly stable. We now have
a price advantage of about 9 cents
per pound. The prios advantage
which we now have over foreign but
ter can be maintained only when we
produce less butter in this country
than we need. Imports of butter are
small, and if our production increases
relative to our demand this price ad
vantage may be lost.
On the demand side the industrial
depression and unemployment situa
tion indicates a curtailment in the
purchase of dairy products. As their
incomes are reduced people reduce
their purchases of cream and butter
before they give up such cheaper foods
as bread and potatoes. If butterfat
prices" go tower it will be very diffi
cult to make dairying profitable on
bought feeds. Profits will be possible
only to those who provide for abun
dant pastures and plenty of good
quality roughage feeds, relying only
to a limited extent on purchased grain
feed. The same is even more marked
ia the ca3e of beef cattle. Hog pro
duction has been over-expanded and
the margin between the value of feed
and pork is rapidly narrowing. Ex
pansion in sheep production does not
appear advisable. This year as usual
flock:* of sheep in moderate numbers
may add to net incomes by providing
a means of consuming feed . along
fence rows and other places which
would otherwise go to waste.
HOME GARDENS THIS '!
YEAR ARE ESSENTIAL
Due to a relatively large amount of
unemployment in the cities and the
lew buying power of rural people,
there are special reasons for having
g<ood home gardens this year in both
city and country. A half-acre garden
will provide a supply of fresh vege
tables for a family of four and a sur
plus for sale.
It is extremely important that land
owners and tenants rau? a consider
able part of their food supply in a
home garden this year. The many ad
vantages of growing vegetables at
home are well known, but the stimulus
to put over a well-planned garden
urogram is lacking among people who
need 5t most. Often those who are
least able to buy fresh vegetables are
least interested In growing- them.
Now is the time to begin active
gardening. It is not necessary to wait
??ntll the moon is right, or until frosts
are over. A heavy application of
stable manure, compost or commer
cial fertilizer should be made; then
the land should be turned, harrowed
and laid off in shallow rows two and
one-half feet apart. Small backyard
gardens can be spaded up and prepar
ed entirely by hand if necessary. The
seed should be planted and covered ac
cording to directions on the package.
After the seed are covered it is orften
advisable to roll the wheel of a wheel
barrow down the row or use some
other means to firm the soil on the
The following IX kinds of vegetables
may be planted immediately, as they
will endure light frosts: Beets cab
bage, carrots, endive, kale, lettuce,
mustard, parsnips, jjeas, Irish pota
toes, radishes. The radishes, mustard
and endive will be ready to gather in
a little more than a month. The peas,
beets and lettuce will require nearly
two months, while the patatoes, car
rots, parsnips, beets and cabbage will
not be available until early summer.
In addition to planting the above
named vegetables in the open imme
diately, seed of tomatoes, pepper and
eggplants should be planted in flats
and kept in protected places to be
transferred later to the field. I
Scotland County farmers have or
dered 450 bushels of improved cot
ton seed for planting this spring. ;
FOR SALE ? Pure bred Barred
Rock baby chicks. $10.00 per hundred
? r 25 with mother hen $3.25. Address
Mrs. Eli Huggins, Brevard Route 3.
FOR SALE ? Ten, six weeks old
Duroc-Poland-China pigs. $5.00 each
for 6 weeks old pigs. $6.00 each for
8 weeks old pigs. See Edgar Glazener,
;'revard Route 1.
^ SALE'. Good 1200 pound work
*1,, ;e, work abywhere. See W. J.
RAINES, Lake Toxaway, N. C.
LITTLE RIVER FARM
MADE Bi? HEADWAY
Fourteen Active Committee?
Carry On Every Phase
Of the Club Work.
PART OF COUNTY'S WORK
IN THE 5:10 YEAR PLAN,
Lime House Already Construct- '
ed And Other Activities !
Now In Progress.
More thart 120 Little River farmers,
farm women and agriculture students
gathered at the Little Hirer school
house Thursday evening April 14 and
the 16 working committees chosen to
carry out the objects of the _ 6-10
year farm plan were announced and
their duties outline din detail. The
committees were chosen by the officers
of the Little River organization
Tuesday evening before the mass
$20.00 in cash was raised to apply
on tSe construction of the lime house
and as the Brevard News goes to
press the house has been completed
and an order placed by Prof. Julian
A. Glazener for 3 car joads of lime.
This limenouse is a joint house for
both the Little River and Penrose
The meeting was of a very enthus
iastic nature, enjoyable music and
refreshments adding to the interest
of the session.
The following working committees
Crops ? Claude Shuford^ Harley
Merrill, Amos McCall, Hamilton Ship
Trucking ? John Merrill, Riley Mer
rill, Ed Mackey, Walter Nicholson,
Livestock ? E, 0. Shipman, Ossie
Merrill, Harold Hart, Frank Shuford,
Joe Baynard, Doyle Hamilton.
Lime ? Harley Merrill, Claude Shu
ford, W. M. George, John Merrill, Joe :
Transportation ? Frank Shuford,
Dave Merrill, Vernon Gosnell.
Marketing ? Walter Shipman, John
Merrill, Martin Shipman, Parmer
McCrary, V. C. Orr.
Entertainment ? Miss Hybernia
Shipman, Mrs. Harley Merrill, T. J.
McCall, Newton Pickelsimer, Miss
May -George, Vernon Gosnell, Neal
Poultry ? Mrs. Jim Merrill, Mr3.
Volney Orr, Mrs. Frank Shuford, Ver
non Gosnell, Mrs. George Merrill. I
Reading Circle? Mrs. Flora Hart,
Miss Hybernia Shipman, Miss Nel)
McCrary, Hays Merrill, Merrimon
Shuford. ... I
Public Grounds Improvement ? Miss
Flora Merrill, Mrs. Roscoe McCall. >
Mrs. E. H. Mackey, Rev. Walter:
Holtzclaw, Hubert Heath, W. R. Ki?
patrick, Frank Shuford.
Fair ? Mrs. Frank Shuford, Mr*.
Harold Hart, Mrs. E. H. Mackey,
Miss Rena Merrill, Miss Flora Mer
rill, Mrs. Claude Shuford, Mrs. Har
ley Merrill, Mrs. Martin Shipman. |
Welfare? A. B. McCall, Flore Mer
rill, Rev. John Scott, Otis Merrily
Tira Duncan. H
Gardening? Mrs. E. H. Mackey, Mrs.
H, E. Shipman, Mrs. Arthur Hawkins,
Mrs. Mary Heath, M ts. Bert Loe. :
Canning and Preserving ? Miss;
Rena Merrill, Mrs. Walter Holtzclaw,
Mrs. Julian "Allison, Miss Arma Mer
rill, Mrs. Mitch George, Mrs. Sallie
Hamilton, Mrs. Claude Shuford.
MILK AND VEGETABLE |
For $8.94 per week a family of five
members may be well fed, and if they
have a good garden and fruits this
amount may be substantially reduced ,
Authority for the above statement
is Miss Helen Kennedy, extension
nutritionist at the Alabama Polytech
nic Institute. After making it she fol- j
lowed with statements as to how it .
should be done.
Each member of the family, she
continued, should have plenty of milk.
The standard is one quart per child
and one pint per adult. Add to this
five servings of vegetables and fruits
deluding a leafy and a raw fruit or
vegetable ; one or more servings of
whole grain cereal or bread ; two serv
ings of eggs, meats, cheese or other
protein foods, and 6 to 8 glasses of
A budget sufficient to feed a family
of five for a week is given by Miss
Kenedy. It includes: 20 to 24 pounds
cereals, 85c; 28 quarts milk, ?3.22; 6
to 8 pounds meat, fish, eggs or cheese,
$1.62; 35 to 40 pounds vegetables and
fruits, $2.18. (If supplied from home
garden this cost may be eliminated) ;
:! to 4 pounds fats, 40c; sugar and
syrup, 42c; 1 pound coffee, 19c.
A total of $8.94 is sufficient to keep
the family in good health. If a choice
must be made between fully satisfying
the appetite with a one-sided diet,
such as bread, meat and syrup, or us
ing smaller amounts of well-balanced
foods, the latter choice is wise in that
health and energy are conserved, Miss
Seventj^ve farmers from eight
counties inspected 126 head of beef
I cattle fed at the Caledonia Prison farm
'this winter, says J. B. ttritt, Halifpv
County Agent. A meeting was held
at the farm on the day the cattle
BREED, FEED, WEED,
Pure- Bred Stock Esaential To
To "breed, f^ed and weed" a.-e
recognized as the three fundamentals
of profitable dairying. The dureajfc and
most economical way to increase the
average production "o>f the herd and
thereby increase profits is to use a
purebred sire from high-yielding
strains of cattle. This means of im
provement 1s within the reach of prac
tically any farmer who sets out to
breed a..herd of -profitable milk cows
A striking example of the improve
ment in milk and butter production
which can be expected by the use of,
a purebred bull on cows of common i
breeding is that furnished by experi
ments carried on by the Iowa Agri
cultural College, and covering a per
iod 01 several years. The scrub cows
of a herd whose average yearly pro
duction was 4,110 pounds of milk and
191 pounds ot' butterfat were bred to
a purebred bull of high-yielding an
cestry. The daughters and grand
daughters in turn were also bred to
bulls of high-producing dairy strains
and recordg were kept of their milk
and butter production. The average
yearly production of tM half pure
bred daughters was 5,828 pounds of !
milk, and increase of nearly 42 per '
cent, and 266 pounds of butterfat, an
increase of SC per cent over the pro
duction of their dams.
In the third generation the'daugn
ters of these halt' breecSfcows averaged
8.106 pounds of milk and 365 pounds
of butterfat, or almost double the pro
duction of their common-bred grand
A soil that will -produce good vege
tables. will grow dahlias and no more
beautiful spot can be had about any
borne than a dahlia garden. Locate
it in a sunny spot with partial shade
in the afternoon and protected from
the drying winds of summer for best
These, in brief, are suggestions
made by Robert Schmidt of the hor
ticultural department at State Col
lege to those who wish to have some
of these beautiful flowers about the
place this season. If the soil is rich,
no fertilise? treatment is needed when
the clumps are planted but if the soil
is poor and run down, it may be wise
to turn under a liberal application of
well-rotted stable manure. Whatever
the treatment at planting time, -when
the dahlia plants get. about 15 inches
high, top-dress them with a good
potato fertilizer but do not let the
fertilizer come closer than about 6
inches from the hill.
In dividing dahlias for planting,
keep in mind, he says, that the eyes
are found on the base of the stem or
crown and not on the roots themselves.
A root without an eye is worthless.
On the other hand one good root with
one eye is all that is necessary for
a strong plant The medium-sized
roots are better than the large ones.
Mr. Schmidt recommends planting
dahlias from April 1 to late June in
the vicinity of Raleigh. The best
average time from May 1 to May 15.
Early plantings will give blooms from
July until frost. Dahlias, he says,
should be planted 6 inches deep in
sandy soils and not over 4 to 5 inches
deep in heavy soils. Space the hills
three feet apart in rows from 3 1-2
to 4 feet apart. If several sprouts
come up, thin them out to one. It is
also necessary to stake the plants so
that they may not be injured by hard
rains and wind storms. When the ,
plants get about 12 to 15 inches tall ,
tie them to the stakes and make later i
tyings as the plants grow taller. 1
THE IDEAL FARM
The following is a list of five rules
for the farmer who desires to make
his farm convenient, healthful, and
profitable. The rules are being stud
ied in a number of schools and ap
plied in actual use upon numerous
(1) Completion of pantry shelf for
winter use. (2) Promotion of fall and
winter gardens in co-operation with
teachers of agriculture. (3) Introduc
tion of campaigns for a good cow in
every home producing milk in large
enough quanity for a quart of milk a
day for every child and a pint a day
surplus for market; a poultry flock
adequate to produce eggs for the table
daily; some for marki I ? nd poultry
for serving two or three times weekly.
(4) A campaign for the inclusion of
small fruit such as grapes, strawber
ries, Himalaya berries and figs in the
farm program. (5) Planning for the
disposal of surplus, through curb mar
ket, retail stores or roadside markets.
It is suggested that the Bulky La?
poison be scattered on a seed bed
before garden or truck crops are plant
ed, especially before transplanting. It
will save many plants as the cut
worms will be cleaned out.
There has been an epizootic of
milk fever among cows in Pamlico
County. Six cows were sick in two
weeks time, says the county agent.
? ..7 . i
ft?8nse of Thg
?" " ?? w
Citizens of Transylvania County are gathering this week in the
school auditoriums of Brevard and Roeman, to glory in the ac
complishments and manifest their pride in the achievements of
the young men and young women and the boys and the girls
who are ending their school year. No right thinking citizen can
attend these events at Commencement time without being deep
ly impressed with the fact that they are in the presence of those
who will, within a few short years, be numbered among the
mighty men and women of State And Nation.
Ideas and Ideals
Among the school boys and girls of this Commencement time
there are future lawyers, doctors, ministers, writers, business
leaders, industrial captains, engineers, and numerous other high
:ind noble callings to young men and women. We glory
in the ambition of each and every one of these, and pray most
earnestly for the greatest measure of success possible for all of
them. We sincerely trust that their fondest dreams may come
true, and that they shall have full realization of their high
Yet We Are Somewhat
Our work and our business, our environment and our school of
thought, lead us into a position of being emphatically partial in
our admiration for certain groups in these schools. We are think
ing of the classes in vocational agriculture and home economics.
We admire the lawyer, the doctor, the preacher, the writer, but
we dearly .love the man who goes out into the great open fields
uf Nature to plant the seed and reap the harvest of those crops
so essential to the life of the human family. To us, that is the
. most noble of all labor, and most worthwhile of all effort. Next
in importance, as we view it, is the woman in the Home who
takes Nature's crops and prepares the food in proper manner
for the children of men. Hence the importance of the
Agriculture and Home
To these young men and young women we bow, with heads
and hearts filled with hope for their future success and happi
ness. These are the young men and young w;omen upon whose
shoulders the future success of this county rests. Agriculture is
Ihe basis of all wealth, and the home is the very foundation
ston in our civilization. All the professions known to mjan, all the
business enterprises of the world, all the progress that can ever
be made, all depends upon Agriculture as the first and finest
source of wealth.
Transylvania county is rich in the possession of these fine boys
and girls in the classes of Agriculture and Home Economics. We
wish for you every good thing that can come into your lives.
FEED & SEED COMPANY
BREVARD, North Carolina
THE STORE WITH THE CHECKERBOARD SIGN