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A Page Devoted To The Interest of Haywood Farmers
THE WAYNES VILLE MOUNTAINEER
W. D SMITH
1. Q. What is meant by "crop
A. "Oroji land" means all land
from which any crop (other than wild
hay) was harvested in 1935, together
with all other farm land which is
tillable and from which at least one
crop (othe.(Jian wild hay) has been
harvested eince January 1, 1930.
2. Q. Wfaat is meant by the term
A. With reference to the 1936 Soil
Conservation program, "owner"
means a peinn who actually owns
land which is not rented to another
for cash or a fixed commodity pay
ment; a person who rents land from
another for cash or for a fixed com
modity payment; r who is purchas
ing land on installments for cash or
a fixed commodity payment.
3. Q, What fa meM by the
A. A per.wn other than the owner
or chare-cropper who is operating an
entire farm without direct supervi
sion of the owner and who is entitled
to a portion of the crops produced on
the farm r the proceeds thereof.
4. Q. WJmt is meant by the term
A. Shaw-cropper" means a per
son who works a farm in whole or
in part and who receives for his
labor a proportionate share of the
crops produced thereon, or the pro
ceeds theroof .
5. Q. What is meant by the term
' farming unit?'
A. "Farming unit" means land un
der the supervision of an operator
which it farmed by that operator in
19.56 as a single -unit, with workstock
farm machinery, and labor substan
tially separate from that for any other
6. Q. What is meant by the term
A. With reference to the 1936
program, "ifranl" means any payment
to farmers under the Soil Conserva-
tion and Domestic Allotment Act.
PURPOSE OF THE NEW FARM
1. Q. What are the objectives of
the, 1936 Agricultural Conservation
A. The objectives in 1936 as stated
in the Act are:
( 1) To preserve and improve so
(2) To promote the economic use
and conservation of land;
(3) To reduce the exploitation
wasteful, and unscientific use of soil
(4) To protect rivers and harbors
against the results of soil erosion.
2, Q. How will the 1936 Agricul
tural Conservation Program bring
about sou conservation and improve
A. By encouraging farmers to plant
soil-building and soil-connerving crops
and .to adopt soil-building and soil
3. Q. Wlhat funds are available
for carrying out the provisions of
the soil conservation and Domestic
Allotment Act? .
A. The act authorizes annual ap
propriations of nt more than $500,
000,000. The-ampunt available for the
1936 program i8 approximately $470,
00,000. 4. Q. Hotf will farmers receive
payments from funds appropriated
A, For 193C, payments to farmers
will he made direct from the Federal
BACKKI II V SlUt VICE AND PARTS
After states have enacted neces
sary legislation and have submitted
approved plans (not later than 193b)
the funds are to be allocated to states
and payments to farmers are to be
made by the states.
5 . Q. How are allocations to states
to be determined 7
A. The act provide that: "in de
termining the amount to be appor
tioned to each state, the secretary
shall take into consideration the acre
age and value of the major soil-de
pleting and major expert crops pro
duced in the respective states during
a representative period and the acre
age and productivity of land devoted
to agricultural production (including
dairy products) in the respective
states during a representative period."
6. (4. For 193b will total payments
to farmers in each state be in line
with the principles laid down for de
termining allocations to states?
A. Yes, the 1936 program is calcu
lated to give a distribution of pay
ments among states that will be in
line with these principles.
7. Q. How are consumers of agri
cultural products protected under the
A. The act provides that due re
gard shall be given to the mainten
ance of continuous and stable supply
of agricultural commodities adequate
to meet consumers' demands at prices
fair to both consumers and produc
ers and to the production of supplies
of food and fibers adequate to main
tain normal domestic consumption.
8. Q. What is the goal of soil
building and soil-conserving crops
A. To increase soil-building soil
conserving crops about 30,000,000
acres or 30 per cent of the 1930 acre
age in these crops.
9. 0. Will the Secretary of Agri
culture enter into contracts with pro-
ducers under the Agricultural Con
servation Program ?
10. Q. Where tan producers obtain
information about the program?
A. From County Extension Agent's
offices and the county and community
Activities Of The Home
Irish beauty and a sparkling per
sonality won for Miss Patsy Don
ovan, dancer and actress, the title
of "All-American Girl" at the an
nual contest of Hollywood Screen
Dancers' guild in Los Angeles.1
horse wagon loads should be used to
the acre. One load, therefore, would
cover a space approximately 50 by
100 feet. Be sure that the manure is
well rotted before applying. Where
it is desirable to use a combination
of manure and superphosphate for the
garden soil the ten loads of manure
should be supplemented with from
two to three bags of superphosphate.
Miss Ruth Current, District Home
Demonstration Agent, was in Hay
wood county April 15 and 16, and con
ducted recreational periods for the
Dellwood and Beaverdam Home Dem
onstration Clubs. More than 30 peo
ple enjoyed each meeting.
The Dellwood meeting was held
Wednesday evening at the school
house in conjunction with a health
program by the health department.
The whole community was welcome
to the program, and invited to join in
the games and singing, etc. At the
close of the evening Miss Current
was invited to come back at her ear
liest convenience. Ice cream and cook
ies were served.
The Beaverdam club invited the hus
bands of the members and Miss Cur
rent and the Home Demonstration
Aeent to supper at the school house
on Thursday evening. The game and
singing followed a short talk by Miss
Current, and were entered into by
everyone in the group.
The Fall and Winter Garden con
teat closed on March 31, and entries
in the state finals are now in the
Raleigh office. All of the Haywood
county entries are entered in the
Rules of the contest specified that
county prizes would be awarded in
no county in which less than ten re
cords and stories were submitted for
judging. In Haywood and Swain,
however, only nine entries were com
pleted. This means that no county
prizes are available. The records and
stories were judged, however, on the
efficiency of the garden for the needs
of the family, the space of ground
used, and the intensity of cultiva
tion; the story for the interest of
the family in the project and the un
usual practices it disclosed. It is in
teresting to note that one woman
served at least one fresh vegetable
from her garden every month during
the period from Oct. 1 to March 31.
The contestants ranking in Hay
wood county were: Mrs. Harley Reno,
Beaverdam Club, 1st. Mrs. Frank
Henry, Dellwood Club, 2nd.
Each record submitted in these
two counties is eligible to compete
individually for the state prizes which
are $20, $ 12.50, $7.50, and $5, and have
already been sent to Raleigh for that
4-H COUNTY COUNCIL MEFTiv
HELD FRIDAY EVENist1
APRIL 17. "
t,The. 4-H County Council met w-v
the Fines Creek members a, host
the Fines Creek school houe on r '
day evening last week. The lr"
planned the May meetings 0f rlf
dividual clubs. Introduction DVn '8;
GOOD MANNERS, was the'
besides games which train m conetV'
tration, and project instruction r
next meeting of the council
held at Beaverdam on May 15
Read The Ads
Use BASIC PULVERIZED FERTILIZER Because
tests show that we make it Basic and Pulverized the dif
ference in results will more than Pay Your Fertilizer Bill.
Leading Brands of BASIC PULVERIZED FERTILIZER
Basic Ten-O-Four for corn
Knox Vegetable Special for vegetables
Knox Potato Grower for Potatoes
Basic Magnesia Phosphate
In The Green Bordered Bag Only
Our dealers carry in stock for your convenience Basic
Pulverized Fertilizer, (Process and Product patented.)
SEE OUR DEALER
Hyatt & Co., Waynesville
Knoxville Fertilizer Company
Fines Creek News
The Parent-Teachers held a meet
ing at the school house last Friday,
Mildred Kooiman served as president
in the absence of Mrs. N. C. James.
Miss Effie Greene's and Miss Bon
nie Duckett'ti pupils entertained the
audience with a program of plays.
Refreshments were served by the
4-H Club Council, The last meeting
will be. held in May. Election of offi
cers will take place then,
The annual Junior-Senior Banquet
was enjoyed at tunes Creek last Sat
urday night. Yellow and white was
the color scheme carried out through
out the decorations and menu.
Those on the program were: Rob
ert Greene, Ned Clark, Tula M.Elroy,
Edna Sutton, Fred Safford, Rastus
Messer, Edna James, Pauline Messer,
Loura Jenkins, Geraldine Rogers, Ted
Safford, Isabella Noland, Joe Rath
bone, Mabel Clark, and Rev. Rayle.
Music was furnished during the ban
quet by Edna James, Tula McElroy,
Geraldine Rogers, and Louise Mes-
ler. Juniar mothers served ttoer
DR. TRUESDALE TO PREACH
The Baccalaureate Sermon will be
preached by Dr. R. S. Truesdale on
Sunday, May 3, at the high school
auditorium at 2:30.
Twenty seniors will be graduated
on Friday, May 8th.
P0- RT A.MT !
4-H CLUB MEETS
Representatives of the 4-H Club
Council met at Fines Creek on Fri
day night. Games and refreshments
followed the business session.
Mr. and Mrs. Marvin Spring an
A Rake built for Urn mountains. Has . "oun.ce. birth of a son, born on
miH'll wnni, at rawi; u-b uir
work. A.slt Ujo man who owns ona
Polo, Iwacf, lima.
Tomato and Cabbage plants. Beets,
GARDEN TOOI, FERTILIZER,
FREE PLANTING GUIDE
SOY BEANS : '
Vetlow Mammoth, Va. Brown, Tjarcdo,
Seed Com, EttfUlaae Corn, Gra-SHes,
. Jlors. ,;'
Maine CobMors, Rows Greea Mtn.
Kitreto Soda, Kbeop Manure,
Waynesville Phone 344
Canton Phone 221
Question: Is it advisable to force
molt pullet3 to De held over for
Answer: It is well known that late
molters are the high producing birds
in the flock and these birds are usu
ally in fairly heavy lay during the
summer months when egg prices are
relatively high. Where the molt is
exceptionally late, it is difficult to
secure suitable eggs for early hatch
ing the next year. An early forced
molt therefore would bring the birds
back into lay in early autumn, but
would react to the disadvantage of
the breeder doing trap nest work.
Quest n I How much manure
should be applied to the home garden
Answer: This, of course depends
upon the size of the plot, but on soils
of average fertility, about ten two-
List Your Taxes Before the Rush Starts
The tax law provides under Section 507 that "Every person owning property, real or personal, is required to list and
shall make out, sign and deliver to the assistant supervisor, list taker or assessor, a statement, verified by his oath, of
all the real and personal property, money, credits, investments in bonds, annuities or other things of value, and the
value of all improvements on or changes in real property since same was assessed at the last quadrennial assessment,
which was in the possession or control of such person or persons on the first day of April either as owner or holder
thereof or as parent, guardian, trustee, executor, administrator, agent, factor or in any other capacity.
The $300 exemption covers only certain items of personal property, as shown on the form now available at the court
house and other listing places.
FILE YOUR TAX RETURN EARLY
IN ORDER TO AVOID LONG LINES OF WAITING AT THE LAST OF THE MONTH
All Male Persons Between The Ages Of 21 and 50 Years Must File A Return
On Poll Tax.
All personal property such as stocks of goods, live
stock, manufactured goods (or in the process of man
ufacture), machinery not affixed to realty, poultry,
dogs, household and kitchen furniture, electric or ice
refrigeration, wearing apparel, automobiles trucks,
motorcycles, pianos, radio sets, diamonds, jewelry,
bicycles, office furniture, typewriters, adding machines,
money on hand, bill boards, sign boards, all property
of minors, and all other personal property not other
wise specified herein.
All items of personal property in your possession must
be listed whether paid for or not.
All bank deposits (checking or saving), in or out of
state, postal savings certificates, certificates of deposit,
itemized list of all bonds (not including state or na
tional) all annuity contracts, notes, deeds of trust,
judgments, real estate bonds, book accounts, bills re
ceivable, all claims and demands against anybody any
where. AH administrators, administratrix, guardians, execu
tors, executrix must file a tax return for personal prop
erty in their custody.
File Your Tax Returns During The Month of April and Avoid Penalty
will be ad
on all Unpaid 1935
We suggest that you make prompt payment now and save the additional penalty. And the time is drawing near when
the lists are made out for advertising all property on which 1935 taxes have not been paid.
TAX SUPERVISOR AND COLLECTOR OF HAYWOOD COUNTY