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fOne Day Nearer Victory) THURSDAY, JANUARY 13, 19(
THE WAYNESVILLE MOUNTAINEER
THE WAYNESVILLE PRINTING CO.
Main Stnt Phone 131
Waynesville, North Carolina
The County Seat of Haywood County
V?. CURTIS KL'SS Editor
MRS. HILDA WAY GWYN Associate Kditor
tV. Curtis Kuss and Marion T. Bridges, Publishers
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THURSDAY, JANUARY 13, 1944
(One Day Nearer Victory)
From One Who Knows
General Peyton C. Marsh, retired U. S.
Chief of Staff, when interviewed last week
on his 79th birthday by reporters, gave some
mighty good advice and sounded a warning
to the American people when he said:
"We can lose this war right here at home
thinking it's almost over. I'm against cen
sorship. Tell the people the truth. They've
got to know how tough it is anyhow. . . .
This country is in for a shock. . . . The war
hasn't even started. Wait until Germany
and Japan begin fighting on their own soil."
"Air power? Good. But the British said
there was nothing left of Hamburg and then
had to bomb it 119 additional times. The
military works are underground. Essen?
Hitler is a fool if he hasn't moved the Krupp
works underground into Austria and left
empty factories for the bombers. . . . There'll
be 6,000,000 fighting men underground when
we reach Japan.
"Island hopping makes me sick, too. I'm
for Eisenhower. I'm for MacArthur. . . .
You can't whip Germany by whipping some
body in Senega, bia. I'm a 'cross-channel
man, myself, and I think we've got the right
Idea in an all-out Western Front attack."
The foregoing should certainly bring us
down to earth as far as the war is concerned,
for General Marsh has been a keen observer
and during World War I he played an im
We are told that Hitler's New Year's mes
sage in 1944 to the German people was not
quite as cheerful as in other years. No
doubt he realizes that they are at last won
dering if any of his promises are coming
In 1941 Hitler told his great armies:
"This year, 1941, will bring the comple
tion of the greatest victory in our history."
Time passed and another twelve months
rolled around. It was 1942. He told the
German people in an address:
"The year, 1942 we will pray to God for
this that it will bring the decision for the
salvation of our nation and the nations allied
Then another year went by, and the Allied
Nations began to show undreamed of
strength. In 1943 he told his people:
"The day will come when one of the con
tending parties in this struggle will collapse.
That it will not be Germany, we know."
Now in 1944 Hitler brings another mes
sage to his people. He is not so optimistic
He tells them:
"In this war there will be no victors and
losers, but merely survivors and annihilat
ed. However great the terror may be to
day it cannot be compared with the hor
rible misfortune that would afflict our na
tion and the whole of Europe if this coali
tion of criminals should ever be victorious."
Viewpoints are strange, are they not?
Hitler's last remark could so well be applied
by the Allied Nations to mean none other
than the Germans themselves.
We wonder what Hitler will tell his peo
ple in his 1945 New Year's message. With
every American citizen backing the war ef
fort it is our fervent prayer that by then
this leader of the Nazi will be silenced.
A California man who fell three stories
will recover nd wait for the elevator next
Call For Extra Food
America's food supply is said to represent
perhaps the greatest single weapon of war
in our fiyht against the Axis, and as the
great 1914 food production program gets
underway is our county it is well for us to
give thought to the importance of this vast
secondary army that is carrying on behind
the battle lines.
It is true that the food producers do not
make the daily headlines that the battle
fronts make, but none the less they are
carrying forward the fight. For every mem
ber of the armed forces stationed in this
country there must be a three-month's re
serve supply of food. This is about the
amount that the wholesale food dealers
count on for civilian needs.
When the soldier is .sent overseas his
needs are greater, for he must then be pro
vided with a nine-months' food reserve which
is about 1,400 pounds. It is obvious that
the more men and women we have overseas
the larger must be the reserve of food sup
Before the war we had only our own
food problems, but now we have other re
sponsibilities. Our 1943 food supplies were
divided as follows: 13 per cent went to our
armed forces ; 10 per cent to the Lend-Lease
for our Allies; and 2 per cent for special
needs. This left around 75 per cent for our
own civilian population. The public is con
suming much more food per person than a
few years ago, because of more money with
which to buy food. This factor has to enter
in the planning ahead for food production
We all realize that the men in the armed
forces must be fed and fed the right kind
of food. It is the policy of this nation that
we must have our fighters fed better than
any other in the world. The size of our
armed forces is steadily increasing, so this
naturally steps up our food supplies. We
are told that a successful invasion in full
force may step up the food requirements.
The armed forces are needing large sup
plies of such "protective foods" as meats,
fats, and oils, milk and canned goods. It
has been estimated that they will need about
40 per cent of the canned fruits and juices,
15 per cent of the citrus, 26 per cent of the
canned vegetables and 15 per cent of the
butter. They will also require about 6 per
cent of other edible fats and oils, 32 per
cent of the canned milk, 14 per cent of can
ned fish, 10 per cent of the eggs, and 15
per cent of the dry beans and peas.
In the meantime we must under the Lend
Lease help supply food to England and Rus
sia. Practically all the food sent to Russia
is used by their army. We have our choice,
we can help win and shorten the war with
food supplies or we can lengthen it by failure
to meet the goals set up by our county farm
This county is only a part of this great
country, but we have our responsibility to
meet our quota, so we must remember that
the army tending the soil right here at home
is fighting side by side with our forces in
Italy, in Africa, and over in the South Pacific.
HERE and THERE
Relief on the home front is an
nounced by WPB . . . We doubt if
there is one item in the home that
worn n have guarded with greater
care since the war production era
put a stop to the manufacture of
civilian needs . . . than their electric
iron. . . Those eld enough to recall
the flat iron that prec.ded the
streamlined electric model, have
always regarded the latter type
as one of man's major contribu
tions to the joy of living. . . W
bet there have been fewer irons
"burnt out" during the past year
than at any period since they were
first put on the mark t. . . Memo
ries of those old flat irons with
their handles as hot as the ironing
surface have been enough to make
women cautious. . . For we were
told that until the war was over
there would "simply not be any
more irons". . . But now WPB rec
ognizing the important place the
iron holds in the life of the family
has announced that enough steel
and other necessary materials are
being allowed for the manufacture
of 2,000,000 irons ... to b? re
leased during the coming year. . .
Party Lines And
That the sacrifices and anxieties of war
know no party lines and touch all homes
with tragic impartiality has just been un
derlined for the people of Madison County
by the news of the past few days.
Tuesday's citizen reported the death in
an airplane accident of Sergeant S. Fuller
Roberson, former postmaster at Buckner.
We do not know his politics, but since he
held an office under a Democratic Adminis
tration, he was probably a Democrat Really
it doesn't make any vast difference. What
counts is that he gave his life for his
Wednesday's Citizen carried the news that
Hal West of Marshall was missing in action
over German territory. We do not know
his politics, but since his father was once
Republican Clerk of the Superior Court, we
suspect that he is a Republican. Really his
politics matter little. Much more important
is the hard fact that he is missing in action
in the service of his country.
No, the party lines are not being drawn
on the battlelines. That they are being
drawn back home in such an unseemly and
even undemocratic manner reflects no credit
on those responsible for the mess in which
the clerkship of Madison County has been
involved. Asheville Citizen,
A woman politician in New York State
says she lost 21 pounds in the heat and
stress of the recent political campaign
and most of it in the right precincts, too.
Think what they will mean to the
war brides . . . who have left their
happy homes in a hurry following
their soldier husbands across the
continent . . . from camp to camp
. . . for in many cases mother
could not spare the family iron to
give them to take along . . . We
bet that more little war babies
have worn unironed clothes than
evtr in the history of this country
Last November a survey brought to
light that there were exactly 14
electric irons for sale in this coun
try . . . and by the end of the
month there was only one in an
appliance store and it was put out
as an exhibit, according to WPB.
In another survey of items that
people missed most . . . the electric
iron was placed 7th, while to our
surprise butter was the top re
gret. . .
Speaking of irons, men have al
ways' been smarter than women
about reducing labor. . . Much as
we hate to admit the fact, it is
true . . . for after all the years
that women had spent over the
ironing board it was a man who in
vented the electric iron. , . One
Charles E. Carpenter, student at
the University of Minnesota. . .
No doubt the vital problem of
keeping the crease in the trousers
in his day back in 1889 inspired
the invention. . .
During these winter days we find
ourselves constantly thinking of
the men on the firing lines. . . The
cold weather makes us more
thoughtful of the conditions under
which they are fighting. . . Pic
tures of mud and snow also have
their part in making us conscious
of them. . . This week we were
feeling very sorry for ourselves,
when the big snow came ... it
happened there was a manpower
shortage on the place and no one,
but ourselv s to handle the snow
. . . so we donned our garden slacks
bundled up in mufflers, heavy coat,
galoshes, and put on our furnace
gloves, took the biggest shovel we
could find and tackled the job . . .
we shoveled out a walk to the street
. . . and then started making the
rounds of the yard to uncover our
boxwood and most cherished shrubs
. . . at first we were overcome with
the sheer beauty of the scene but
in about a half hoar we were pretty
well soaked and were puffing like
the Murphy Branch engines as they
take the Balsam grade . . . and
were setting sorrier and sorrier
for ourselves . . . when our
thoughts took another turn . . .
there came to mind soldiers of the
Russian front . . . our boys in
Italy . . . the mud and rain we
hear abcut over in Africa . . . and
instead of being sorry . . . wf
thanked oar lucky stars we could
shovel snow here at horn.
Our wor kbrings us in contact
with a large number of men in the
service. . . During the past year
we have noticed a big change in
their attitude. . . We find they are
much more homesxk today than
they were a year aso . . We like
that spirit. . . We see it in their
eyes . . . and we hear that note of
nostalgia in their talk. . . We spoke
of it and someone tock us up . . .
saying it sounded to them like we
might think the army was "going
soft", . . But to us it is just the
reverse. . . We ilke to think that
the spirit of Militarism that has
been instilled in the German boys
shows no signs of becoming a
permanent part of the American
ideals . . . even after the vigorous
and thorough military training. . .
We like to think of our soldiers
fighting for the love of the home
they l.ft, and not for the joy of
killing and bitterness toward their
foe, . . We like to see that the
toughening experiences of train
ing and actual combat do not make
our boys cynical . . . that th?
hardships and disillusionment that
war can bring . . . are not becom
ing paramount in their lives. . .
But the love of home ... of the
ways of peace are burning in their
souls. . . We like to see that they
are considering the war merely as
a job that they must do, and it must
be finished before they can enjoy
life. . . It is but a hard interlude
in their lives and they hope to be
done with it. . . For what they
want most is home . . . family and
friends. . . We like to feel that
after all this is the spirit of
America. . .
lost of Air Base Now Puts
Emphasis on Jap Submarines
r s a
enemy von no longer Depend
On Planes Against Our Ship
Special to Central Press
9 WASHINGTON Some Navy officials tn Washington are expect
ire? intensification of Japans suDmaruie campaign against A.Heli
'6 ..... . . I : .
rerchant shipping tn cne raom- rcauiuug uum m- current onn
.vhich deprived the Nips of valuahle air bases on the west flap.k of
d shipping routes.
Hitherto, the Japs relied on planes from the Solomons art.J .
... A i n .hlnnlnff Blflt t A fftrr a u.bb.I. - ,
tO inreaifll ftiliri nan oi'W" - 'wmciii lu ar
.4-.r time-consuming detour on the route to the southwest Pa, ,fic
Best bet Is that the Jap. having lost his air bases In the Solomon,
xnd Gilberts, will resort to other tactics.
. . L. frtM iidaI hia a 1 1 Km arina A.al
K rl n V IP mtr war. mr uap uncu ,. ouuii'.i - ucci cArepi Lrj
few isolated cases tn conjunction with his surface forces aguinsi
American warships. These tactics proved costly u
Ft'i Try Americans early In the war. both In the Sol n,onj
u a- .. .. .
r'rediciion japan may auempi sud attaekj
Te lot against Allied merchant shipping, but most .-avj
men reel me enemy nign commana nas waited to
ong If such a method l used. It probably will do little harm t
illied shipping which now I well protected In convoys.
t A PRESIDENTIAL VETO LOOMS for the senate railway wsg,
-iowtion when It finally reaches Roosevelt's desk.
The measure, which by now Is certain to have been approved by
,i-e upper chamber, declares valid a straight eight-cents-an-hour pay
..Ike for 100. 000. 000 non-operating trainmen.
Both management and labor originally agreed to the Increase, but
C-onomic Stabilizer Fred Vinson twice rejected the arrangement on
. e grounds that it would mcance the "hold the line against uifla
.rn" order of the chief executive.
Informed Capitol Hill sources, basing their belief on a radio ad.
irc'j by War Mobilizer Byrnes, predict that Roosevelt is nearly
-rriain to veto the measure. Byrnes described the rail workers at
r-.o.Mi.njr a political pistol at the head of congress."
U riel her the senate and house have sufficient votes to override t
veto remains problematical
W GOPOLITTCOS ARE WATCHING with keen interest the selec
tion of Rep Charles A Hfclleck of Indiana as chairman of the na
tional Republican congressional campaign committee succeeding Rep.
J William Ditter of Pennsylvania, killed in an airplane crash.
Th' re is much behind the move and it has many Implications.
Halleck attained national prominence in 1940 when he nominated
'.Vendell Willkie. another Koosier. for president. To Halleck's speech
was attributed much of the success of the "Willkie Blitz." Halleck,
however, has now cooled on Willkie which is important in pivotal
Indiana and dangerous to Willkie.
Halleck is assured of a seat in the house as long as he wants It,
observers agree, and as congressional campaign leader he will be in
line- for majority leadership if the Republicans capture the lower
'ranch in 1044
a a a
i. THE NATIONAL PLANNING ASSOCIATION takes credit for
no fact that Bernard M. Baruch Is in charge of drafting the broad
: 'licptint fo- post-war conversion Insiders say that
VA uWiy recommended delegation of the assign
n ;nt to B.iruch to President Roosevelt weeks ago.
NPA also would more or less bypass WPB on the
,!ost-war job Its program Includes creation of a Na-
'iona.' Reconversion commission and appointment of
na Jonal reconversion administrator.
Good chance for another round of alphabetical federal units!
a a a
ALTHOUGH THE ADMINISTRATION has told farmers they win
Cot plenty of farm machinery to do the job in 1944 the fact Is that
Ihere Is some dotibt about it now.
Huge opjers for landing barges from the military have put I
crimp In steel allotments for farm machinery. It's the old case of
the miilt?.ry needs coming first with the farmers In close, but too
Already harJ-prcssed for machinery, farmers may have to itreUl
cut their old equipment another year.
Hugh S. Matthews to Roth
Burch, both of Canton.
Jeralm Kemp, of Waynesville to
Narcissus Hughes, of Irvington,
Letters To The
In what country are you most
interested outside of your own?
Mrs. Walter Crawford "I would
say at this particular time, England."
J. Yates Bailey "Most of us
would think of the English speak
ing people, as the ancestors of the
majority of us came from England."
John E. Barr "Right now,
would be Engkr.d."
Albert Abel "I have always
been isterested in Brazil. "
Miss Mary Mock "I guess Eng
land comes first to mind, for just
now it seems natural to think of
Mrs. S. R. Crockett "There are
several countries that interest me
I have always been concerned over
China, and now I think we are all
interested in Poland. I am also
concerned about the fate of the
small European countries."
Mrs. J. R. McCracken "Probab
ly since the war, I have been more
interested in the future of France
than in any other country."
V. C Nobeck "Since my par
ents were natives of Sweden, I am
naturally more inter: sted right
now in the welfare of that country
next to my own."
Mrs. Cornelia Nixon "Off hand
I would say Russia for its fight for
independence and individual freedom."
Mrs. James Moore "I suppose
right now in what is happening in
THE OLD HOME TOWN
YDOC, I wake ja
1 CAN TAKE CARE OF THE EA ACME-
moc about yoor errueis coMoukjarr
I DOC, I WAKE Lf S
E PiTELWi Dull C
Ion TU HOr-ie Sweet rOM fftowrf f "x"-t
Haywood County Ministerial Am
ciation Concerned Over Negri
.Editor The Mountaineer:
The Raywood County Miniate!
Association held its regular montij
iy meeting vjn munuay, janui
3rd, at the Methodist church
Waynesville. Rev. J. Clay Mh
sun, fjiesiueut Ul til? aawviaw
presided over the meeting as
and new business was discussed
report was given by the hospil
visitation committee on a plan
regular hospital visiting. A nuts
ber of new committees were
pointed by the president.
The discussion turned then
the very critical and, according
the consensus of the ministers,
disgraceful Neero education sil
ation in Haywood county. I
pointed out in the discussion that
the 34,000 white population of
countv R.200 wera this year
91 1 of the V
copulation in schooL In co"
to those figures, it was pointsd oft
that of the 800 Negro populati
of the county 157 were this yfl
in school. , This is 18.75 of
Negro population in school. Tttj
differential of 3 was expls""!
as partially the result of th pofc
1 : . tt, KftHI
housing conditions of the VPV
schools and also as the result t
the complete absence of any !w(S
school facilities for the N'efffi
One of th ministers reported t;
fhere were six boys and g'irtf
Canton who are not in scno1 ?f
year because there is no grade f
hem; there are four who ar?
from home paying for their m
education because their county
not provide adequate training j
compliance with the provision!'
the state law. Besides these elej
there are twelve more who wiu,
ready for the tenth grade J
year. This makes a total of 23
should next year be provided p
the opportunities of a tenth tFj
education. It was further estrn
ed that there will be next year
trradp. thev have heen away v.
hnma fwinn ant mitre educal
and hare succeeded to the ew
oi nnisning uie ienin gr"" , if
As the discussion continue
Jf. I (V.t mntr.O Of "
ministers had been to the NT(