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Expert Declares Process ; la
'.Teally Quite Simple,; ;;
! By EDITH M. BARBER T .-1
filAT do too mean when yon
u e the worfl preserve? Par-
you dss It to, cover all the
s yon can with a thick or thin
or make into Jams or Jellies,
1 ord preserve, in its. general
Is often nsed to cover canned
'lee a well at fruits. . Our
' nothers, however,; when, they
1 "preserves," meant fruit,
.a in a.ncn simp. ; ; ;
i-arge fruit were cut Into .big
3 and berries and cherrlea re-'
ied whole. The sirup - from
e frnits Is" not Jellied. This is
e way we expect to have preserves
- 1 '-lay when', we ''make them our-
'ves or buy them. Three things
cuke myself deserve this, title.
!-T are sun-cooked-strawberries,
-Try and. quince preserves.-
Atie terms Jam, "marmalade' and
conserve are used Indiscriminately
fcntb by the housewife and manufac
turers.:' Jam to most of us
. crushed fruit cooked, with' sugar.
Is irmalades contain fruits cut Into
pieces.' The word conserve may
cover .the, same thing, although
we often find mixed fruits : and
' sometimes nuts are added. -.
r When t was a girl I loved to turn
the -old-fashioned ,' cherry ( pltter.
which was ' an heirloom In out
kitchen. When the cherries, arrived
from the country we Would take
them out to the front "porch to stem
them and usually were .'fortunate
'ough to commandeer help from
,.e neighbors. j . " -. -wi
Today, when fruits are in season
for such a comparatively long time,
we do. not go In much, for whole
sale methods. We buy four or live
quarts at . time and make' up
enougn to lit our winter needs.
' There "was an Informal frqit ax-
cnange in our neighborhood, and we
were experienced Judges ,of the
comparative merits of Mrs. Wood's
spiced cherries and Mrs. Caldwell's
spiced grapes. ; When, the sewing
club met In summer my mother's
friends exchanged recipes' for or
' server and wondered why raipber
ries would not "Jell" Of course.
there was no inch, thing as commer-
MirfU .. .- .V.
iravua at UIH U4UO. ,;-.,,-
' . No one knew anything about: tests
for pectin content then. Cup for
cup was the usual recipe mm far as
'igar. and Juice' were concerned.
ow we know that' we can. test oar
irult Juices for pectin, which Is
senuai zor jellying, by , putting- a
" ie of Newest Hat Shapes
One of the newest hat shapes for
summer, shown in .silvermlst gray
felt with i concord ; blue . grosgraln
iijd. The model Is Helen Pickens,
-ne of the singing Pickens Sisters
of the radio.'. The hat was designed
by G. Howard Hodge.- , 'v , ' -
tablespoons of Juice- with a table
spoon of alcohoL After a stilt Jell
Is formed which can be lifted on a
spoon a cup of sugar may be used
for a cup of Juice. If the mixture
JelllSB, -. but ; breaks easily,. , three
quarters, of a cup' of sugar to a cup
oi Juice- is indicated.:. . Of course
you may use the modern . method
combining " fruit With bottle pectin,
which la merely concentrated apple
Juice, and make-a Jelly which will
always Jell, if you follow the direc
tions absolutely. t x
. . Sun-Cooked Strawberries. - f
Select . firm ripe strawberries.
Dse equal quantities of sugar and
berries.;;, place the strawberries In
a, preserving kettle In .layers, sprin
kling sugar over , each, layer . about
two-Inches, deep. Place on stove
and heat slowly to bourne, point,
Skim carefuly and boll, rapidly for
two- minutes. riaee berries in
single layers, with Juice, on shallow
platters. Cover berries with a glass
dish or with plain; window glast
Let Stand in hot sun from eight to
twelve- hours..- Pack In clean, hot
Jelly glasses or Jars and seat The
platters: with the strawberries may
stand uncovered Nln a sunny window
rather than Ja the-outdoors. ,'. Ji
' O. BI1 Syndicate. WNU ServlM,' ; - '
r- - v e ft m I'vt e
When the German battleship Bay em. scuttled br her crew in the
waters of Scapa Flow after the armistice, was salvaxed. ahe came to the
surface upside down. She is here shown as she arrived at Rotyth. Scot-
M ' . ' t. .. ' .
iiido, 10 oe oroKen up tor scrap metal. '
By Ljdi Le Baron Walker
THB home, serving of company
meals ' should be " relieved , as
much as possible for 'the comfort
attendant upon having each person
well supplied -with food, at.Brst.and
when plates - require replenishing.
This la not an easy matter when
conversaUon is lively. It is dhflcnlt
to break in, with, "May J give you
some" -of this or that, whatever It
may be -that Is
needed. let,, un
less the hostess
seas that au
guestai' and fam
ily, are properly;
served the meal,
as a meal. Is
scarcely ' a -.success,,
the occasion , It
self may . be .a
pleasant one, v
A point can be
taken' from a
ed the necessltv
of her attention
to serving, so it
was purely a de-'
tion In her case.
At each place
there was a slU ;
ver tankard filled
with Ice water
and each person
refilled his or her
own class. The
tankards wera of r
Paul Revere silver-which supplied'
reason for this item of self-serv
ice in hw case. - It also gives a
precedent . for those whose silver'
chests-are not so fortunate. ' Indi
vidual glass pitchers or caraffes or
pewter tankards, ' make excellent
substitutes, and they do away with
the commotion attendant 'upon re
filling of 'glasses with .water. Be
sure, there are ice cubes la the con-'
talners so the coldness-will be last
ing. . ?
Planked dishes from which -the
V . ...
host serves meat or -fisb and vegth
tables without requiring other serv
ing fishes i simplifies tne service,
and therefore, quells some of, the
usual xommotlon. - pr a .large plat
ter on which a roast .is served may
have two or even three vegetables
as edible garnishes, some of each
being put on every plate before
passing it. For Instance, potatoes
browned In the pan -may be sepa
rated on the platter with fronds of
carrots and stalks of asparagus or
Individual servings of fresh peas
pr beans on lettuce leaves. Or sep
arate vegetable dishes may be set
by the host and portions from each
be dished up from them. '.,
Two dishes of relishes diagonally
opposite, each, other, each contain
ing an assortment of edibles, helps
self-service, Pickles, Jelly or pre
serves, and olives make a good com
bination.' , -..:J:.1 '.;
Bread is not served at formal
dinners, but at Othertimes, a thick
piece or, a roll should be on each
Individual 'bread and butter dish.
Butter may or may not be with It,
but most persons like to have it
The salad may be served with the
meat course. Dessert should be on
Individual plates ready to be' taken
In. as dinner' plates are: removed.
Coffee Is served in the. living room,
after the -dinner Is over.. The tray
with : cups,- saucers, , spoons, loaf
sugar nd cream should be ready.
The-coffee may or ' -may not be
.poured put before the tray goes In.
. j i ; Correct Seating.
, : Tbcrsuccess of a dinner party Is
largely dependent upon the seating
of guests. -This Is also true of
luncheon and. supper parties which
gather about .a: dining table. Assum
ing that the hostess has asked con
genial persons, which Is the first
essential for success, the next thing
In .importance la having those to
gether who will naturally find sub
jects of Interest to talk about Thla
does not - mean' that those in the
same field of work, such as artists,
doctors, literary persons, etc., should
be side by Side, since It Is not good
form to. "talk shop,".' But there Is
Still another excellent reason for
mixing, the. group, differently. A din
ner Is an entertainment at which
persons should be taken out of their
special atmosphere and be diverted
by conversation which-, gives them
glimpses of other- worlds and fields
than their own. Then they have
mental as well as physical refresh
ment, V; .;.. .':,.' ... , ..;.
- ; After the attention has bee,n giv
en to these details, comes the mat
ter of prestige among guests. This
does' not Indicate social superiority
or Inferiority In this country, but
a formality of etiquette. The most
distinguished member of the. party,
a stranger .to whom the hostess
wants to extend courtesies, the per
son for -whom' the party. has been
arranged, eta, these have prestige
ror tne time. ' v
- O BU Syndicate. WNtJ Service, '
. 4 M SBJ Sjj
Iti FGL... J cf JULY
'-v ' By tSV. B.t. CtAkKSON
Cbaplcia G. A.B Department of Uirrkad
O NATAL DAY I O Dy of Oloryl
Poravcr Utc ia aong and atoryl
Day 'that ear father, aet ua bet.
Birthday at noma) Ubcrtyl
The day on which the mighty atroka
Of freedom rant the tyrant's yoke;
When patriots fair, but atronc of heart
Declared thcmeelves no mora a Dart
Of Britain, far acroat the aea,
Bin aorereliaa. aid foraver free.
Far which they ajedged their fortune.
Their" honor, tocy. la sacrifice.
Forever ahall the brave end free
Kemember theel Remember thee I .
O Bleaaed Dayl O Day of Oloryl
Forever Uve in ong and atoryl
What) In the belfry awung the bell '
Whoa brasen lip were quick to tell
io waiting thousand, email and great.
The freedom of the Church and State;
That God creeled ell men free:
That, man' birthright la liberty;
That man free-born, through Him whs
No longer should be cringing slaves
But In their mieht would dare lthh.,.n
The foe of freedom In our land;
Forever ahall the brave and free
Remember thee I Remember thee I -
O Priceless Dayl O Day of Glory I
Forever live in arm and atnrwk
The day . that gave a nation birth
The grandest nation on tha earth
When tyrants trembled on their thronee;
O'er freedom's land, o'er freedom's homes,
The tag of freedom was unfurled.
An Inspiration to the world.
While tide shall flow, high aura ahall
Shall freemen welcome thy return
And tyranny ahall alinfc awav
Aa night: before advancing day.
O Olorloua Dayl O Day of Days!
Ag after age ahall sound thy praise;
Forever ahall the brave anit fr..
Remember thee I Remember thee I
U. S. Flag
The King Bird ;
"and . tfie Crow
- LEONARD A. BARRETT
AMAZE A M IN UTE
il ' SCT"HT1FACTS i - BY ARNOLD
. - . , V .Completing toucalls-
,','., : v Ten years ago ovt-op-
'' ! rf ' 'L. X "frVN TELEPHONE CAIXS TOOK
. - Y '.'"-T; i AM AVERAGE OF TWELVE MSSJItS
. j - S I. StO CDMPUTE, COMFeVRED Wrr
'"S LESS EYE STRAIN- V ' -' :
l Memo pim' M,, f, ZT. i '
a c 6Lttvfe j nC-K(.
A ST''N THAM V 'u VlULftlf '
- a t pothe$a"6 irpri"ST'' 'Sf" '
"TV rT- Apples keep best.
Y " ' -yTT. AT A TEMPERATURE TWO V
---"'"y . '. ,' : DECREES BELOW FREEZING, i
ft ' - - -- --- - i. tiii ' -
i. u ., ... ',.., VriNU tiervic. .. . .. .'!, . v
, ' . v . :' .. .V...V ' : ..
. , : : , ': , v.i :' f ... ; t
I I I 1st
Did von tver watch a Kins bird
chase crow T , If not von have an
fen.. In the chase
, there Is enacted
a -drama .which
Uustra,tes ' the
"force ;of persist
ency and the fall.
' ore , of ' nnused
power. The king
known as the
about the size of
a v sparrow. , In
some respects. It
IS said to be a
parasite because- the; mother1- bird
lays her? egg In the "nest of some
other bird and is about the bniv
species which refuses to hatch' ont
its wn young, in every other re
spect the king .bird is v model, of
nntliing persistency., he crow, for
wmcn iiie King oirq seems. toJiave
rcrv uruuuuncea aiSUKe, 18 about
live times ag large, as Itsehemy, and
as many times as strong. It Is very
a musing -to see the little bird chas-"
lng the, large bird through the air
in a most feroclqtis attack, always
the victor. InV the 'struggle,' nnless
the .crow, by flying faster, can es
cape, The crow never strikes back,
even though Its strength Is many
times greater end could. In a min
ute, crash out the life of the. Jlttle
king bird ' Irl tWs VlUtle drama In
blrdland Is enacted the struggle be
tween power , end: persistency. J ,;
When we shirt oar point of view
from the birds to 'our dally experi
ence, we meet' the very same thing,
nlairy times have we wondered why
s' person with so small amount of
strength and talent succeeds In life's
struggle, while the more. fortunate
ly endowed lags behind. In the race,
Money, for Instance, Iq the posses
sion of which seems- to He the bal
ance of power, la of no value un-
SKe Sets a Record
THE flag of the United States
Is one of the oldest In the
world. It Is older than Bri
tain's "Union Jack" and the French
trl-color. It was officially adopted
by the Continental congress of the
United States on June 14. 1777. and
has since been honored throughout
.The Information available on the
origin of the American flag, says a
writer In the Washington Post, Is
more a matter of tradition than of
history. It Is an emblem born of
strife, at the time when England's
colonies were Struggling to obtain
fairer treatment and a larger meas
ure Of liberty. The alms of this
struggle were not clearly defined In
the beginning. The Declaration of
Independence, a notable document
promulgated on July 4, 1776, which
has earned the admiration of many
statesmen In Various parts , of the
world, did not come until many Im
portant battles had been fought. In
these, the Americana followed varl-
COLOR AND LIFE
. IN" "POSTER GIRL"
By GRANDMOTHER CLARK
If you want to make a quilt -wfth
lots of color and life, the "Poster
Girl" will be your selection. The
quilt shown above Is made- from
block number 05-A, which is one of
the six different girls in which t'-Is
assortment comes. Make the quilt
either by using nil the blocks of one
design or assorted. The blocks are
stamped on white 18-inch squares,
and the applique material Is stamped
with the, necessary designs and cut
ting lines. Twelve 18-Inch blocks are
generally used for one quilt. With
twelve 18-incTi blocks, 4-inch strips
between blocks and a 0-inch border
all around, allowing Inch for
seams, the finished quilt will meas
ure about 77 by 98 Inches. Four
yardg of 30-inch material Is sufficient
for border and strips.
Sen3 15 cents to our quilt depart
ment for one block No. 95-A like the
above. Make this ud. You will like
the beauty of design and can then
decide what designs you want
picture of the six designs will be
mailed with your order, from which
to select. Price per set of six
stamped blocks with applique patches
Aaqress HOME CRAFT CO.
uei'T. D. Nineteenth & St. Louis
avenue, St Louis, Mo.
Enclose a stamped addressed en
velope for reply when writing for'
k jii" ill ! .
FIND USES FOR
One Old Prison Made Over
' Miss Janet Sutter, twenty-five: of
Washington, was admitted, to the
bar of the United States Supreme
court, and she, .,1s said to ibe the
nKiinrf W..k. a. -J : """'1
ZtitZi r.hir Z. r. vTTT bspoke the lack of clear-cut
SL'.f,f. MiM Rter '. Oennlte purposes, which
now an attorney In thtv-office of 1'i. . ..Hj J..,
' , T-i. ? .avr-wi iuuujc;ui, prvvuueu, uui were
Salute to the Flag Dally Custom at
All Army Post.
ons colors, whose lack of uniform-
adviser, to the President
soon to disappear.
From this restlessness, from
this turmoil emerged the United
States; emerged the Declaration of
Independence and the Stars and
Stripes. ' This flag, according to tra
dition, 'had a very humble origin.
less It circulates. A hoarded dollar
earns, no Interest. Unexpressed Im
pulses die.. The power in the ranf
Ids, Unless harnessed for tbe1 pur
pose, of driving turbines, oes ; to It was first fashioned, we are told.
waste; That person who refuses' to
tsse.part and stand up fdr- the
right ' soon becomes a prey to the
unposterv whose . strength may In
comparison be no. greater than -tbe
king bird; but, because of persisten
cy may succeed In bis' vicious at-
tacks. Sometimes It appears - as
though evil forces are more power
ful than good forces, they are not
more powerful but frequently more
persistent Good forces are always
Stronger but if recently -more. -dormant
and silent than those jvhlch
make for ev(L .Unless 'tha good
forces strike back, : tbe evU force
will win, "A .falling drop . at last
will wear the1 stone.". "Much rain
wears '.the marble. . ' '' i
"Victory,1 says Napoleon; .."be
longs to tbe most persevering."
CW.eeteniNewapapwCBioiv, lV.-- -
by. a group of Americans besieged
in a fort, from the clothing of the
soldiers and from material fur
nished by empty ammunition bags.'
The , flag of the United States
consists of 13 horizontal alternated
stripes, seven red and six white,
and of a canton placed In the up
per corner nearest the. flagstaff tn
which appear on a blue field as
man, white stars as there are states
in tha Union. , ,
, One of tbe first places, possibly
tha first over which the American
flag was hoisted .was For Stan
wlx. ' The site of this old fort ia
now occupied by the giant sky
scrapers of New Tork city,' which
furnish ari, excellent symbol- of the
might of,' tha greatness of n
United States, c . " , .
The clubwomen of Tnppnhannock
In Essex county, Va., have for sev
eral years been using as their club
house the old debtors' prison, built In
1720. At the time the building was
erected the town, which had been
named Hobbs His Hole, had been re
cnristened rsew Plymouth; not until
1808 was the name changed to Tap
The old building Is typical of the
Jail of Its period, when confinement
in prisons was supplemented by out
door punishments for wrongdoers.
In those days the ears of hog thieves
were nailed to the pillory on which
the prisoners were tortured. Two
thousand pounds of tobacco was the
fine for giving false news. To be in
debt was moderately respectable,
then as now, jet men were put In
Jail for It.
The New world started with very
little cash In hand. Lack of money
was general In those times of barter.
Many a man came to Virginia in
early days who had to work out his
passage after he reached his desti
nation. Fortune that was founded
on the crop was precarious. There
were a dozen reasons why the Col
onists needed so many debtors' pris
ons. In that first settled part of old
Virginia debtors' jails were plentiful.
Many remain as mute witnesses to
the hard life men lived then.
The old Jail in Gloucester was built
In 1750. Dr. W. C. Stiihba. nimmoe.
ter historian and antiquarian, said:
"The Vlrginin laws required every
county court, ot the county's charge,
to cause to be built and kept in gopd
repair a common Jail or common
prison. The law provides that the
uunaing snail be built with Iron
barred windows "and chimneys, the
doors secured with good locks and
bars of Iron. The sheriff was ap
pointed by the crown afSiorced to
serve or forfeit 20 pounds sterling
to the. king."
Upon this debtors' Jail built In
Gloucester, p. w.. Smith, Jr., who
occupies it as town clerk, adds an
Interesting sidelight -"In 17o a." Is
says, ,'tthe county surveyor ,,laid oil
SOU tqvnre yards where the prison-,
ers. were allowed liberty. i - . r
It was not until March 5S5,'1873,
that Imprisonment for debt was abol-
Ished in the state of Virginia;"1' Up
to (hat time laws for tliet;collection
of debt which ' were brought ' to
Jamestown In 1007 were still In
force. ' ' ,
A writer for the Virginia Hlgtorlv
cal society publication cities "as an
Instance of the operations of the old
a1aI 1 .-1 .1 I 1 n
wuiwin law iue uticbl suu ijnpi risuia--
ment of Light Horse Harry Lee for
debt from April, 1809, to the spring
of 1810. New York -Times.
Snoring Described as
Disease of Civilization
Snoring, observes the Manchester
Guardian, has bqen called a disease
of civilization, on the ground that
savages do not snore because the
man who gave audible announcement
In that way of the presence of him
self and other tribesmen in the neigh
borhood of an enemy would get short
shrift. With civilization (runs tbe
argument) came security, and with
security those nasal noises of the
night and not of the night onlv, for
Lord Ullswater, when he was speak
jr, ruled that snoring was out of
6rder in the house of commons
There are those who draw fine
distinctions between different ways
of snoring. When Beau Brnmmell
was once traveling from Calais to
Paris, he found himself in the com
pany ot a . king s messenger, who
later said that the Beau slept the
whole way, and even snored. But
the messenger added what he thought
was an extenuating circumstance,
that "Mr. Brummell snored very
much like a gentleman.".
Ida'" ,MAK$ 10 CLASSES 9V
Blmply (prlnkl Petcrmao' Ant
Food along window (ilia, door mnd
opening through which ants ooma
and go. Guaranteed to rid qutckly.
Used In a million boms. Iriexpea
ttn. CetU t jour drugglet'.
ftMiss OandnifltoDe Hair FaiUnaf
Itaparta Color and .
Beamy to Grar ud Faded Hair)
S0e .rut tl An ft n.i.m.u.M I
Hlaeoa Chem. Was.. Pattlimma. N.T.J
FLORESTON SHAMPOO Ideal f or na in
hair soft and floffv. 60 cent br mail or at rimow
(iata. Hiaeox Chemical Work. Ptcho-ne,M.Y.
VI. theSS.OCTORAK A and S.S. JUNIATA
"JVature Rout (a mndtrom the It eat"
For more cssjarahle vacation, or
ioameri n to the Weet, aaU the Greet
Lakee. Thrill to tha beautr of the
Great tkea'oountry ; rlaxon adeem
tng eun-dranehed deoke, eooled by
tirring breeaeat. onjor completely
comfortable peeaage on I nxuriotu U D
ra. Frequent Belling and automo
bile facUitiea between all porta. Low
lareelncludemeala and berth. Con
eult your taoTel or railroad agent, o
write ue for deeeriptlTe booklet.
GREAT LAKES TRANSIT CORPORATION
X. Agnew Myer, Agent,
704 Colorado Bldg.
Vasolngton, D. O.
Mhla (Niagara Fa(k)
Smh SI. Marl
8IHGIB ROOM AMD PRIVATE BATH
HEW YORK CUT
A newhotebon 42nd Street 2 blocks east
. ol Grand Central Station.
IfOTATO PLANTS. Porto Rtcan and Tr.
nTAi, p,',lr-?"ly King; Tomato,Oreater
f. .7JT,LClb,al "d Onions. All plant
JSe. 1,000. TUTBN PLANT CO. Baxley. Oa!
PMects Fimsfc . aiid Makes It last longer
Every car, new or old, .hould be Simoniirid. In fact. It
aiat on 8imonig and Sinw,!. t JTiil
finish is don, Smoals Kleener auteUrmtare. rheln.tr.
Bimotug (ives weather-proof protection to the finish.
V SMaklraaaa laV a a
( "i'ttxTOuwcolirornfdlnf. .