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" ns JUL :ora ca;. . una
"Gorgeous Geo: Jos"'- May Reign. Again
OUR COM: C SECTION
l PA'? '
.0 " ' ' ' I
; By WILLIAM C. UTLEY
TO BE or not to be a mon
archythat Is the question
which, unless some alteration
arises In present plans, will
. be put to a vote of the people of
Greece during the last days of this
coming September. From the Indi
cations of recent political activity
under the shadow of the Acropolis,
it seems not at all Impossible that
the nation whose tongue gave us
the very word "democracy will re
turn Its young Danish king, now
deposed these twelve, years, to his
traditionally shaky throne.
Premier Panayotl Tsaldaris, the
royalist head of Greece s republican
government, may effect a postpone
ment of the plebiscite If he thinks
that the sedative of time has not
yet had sufficient effect upon the
nnrest of the people following the
disturbances of recent months.
While the rebels who kicked up
such a fuss la the eleven days' civil
war this spring have been re
strained from actually taking up
arms for a while, their numbers
make up a large minority bloc, and
with the antagonism of defeat still
rankling in their breasts, they might
hardly be expected to approach the
polls with open and unbiased mind.
However, a postponement of the
plebiscite, which was provided for
by a law passed by the Greek as
i sembly in July. Ill should occur,
would be only a short one. '
... 1 Se -drastic change In the gov-
- erument as a. replacement of the
. juag. Qouia not be- decided by a
mere majority vote, even the roy
alists agree. Unless political con
ditions Improve within the next few
weeks, an overwhelming majority In
favor of the monarchy seems hard
ly probable. Even King George II,
whose good looks and sportsman
nature have earned the nickname
of "Gorgeous . Oeorglos," has been
quoted as saying that he does not
desire to resume his throne as a
result of any trick move on the
part of the royalist faction.
"Gorgeous Georgios" may be pre
suming a little, even at that, for
there are not uncommon rumors
that If Greece once more welcomes
a king It will not be be, but King
George V of England's youngest son,
the duke of Kent, who married
Georgios' cousin Marina. Scandal
Is the reason. Georgios wife, the
ex-queen Elizabeth, In early July
was granted a divorce by the Ru
manian Appeals court at Bucharest.
She charged the king with being
unfaithful. Greeks want a king who
hss a kln'd and loving wife, such as
Marina. Marina Is the most popu
lar at home of all the members of
the Greek royal family. '
I Greece Gains Freedom.
Throwing over the republic In fa
vor of a monarchy would be a move
f novelty In the course of the
world's events, but one consistent
with the turbulent trend of modern
: Greek history. One of Its outstand
ing characteristics is that It will
. be the first such move In many
years to be effected without the dy-
' namlc character of one.Eleutberlos
Venizelos storming, about on one
.side or -the other.
For Twentieth' century Greek his-
tory is largely the personal history
of Venizelos, the - "father of the
Greek republic.'" Glimpsed In his
seat of exile in Paris,' the seventy-one-year-old
ex-premier might- well
' be mistaken for, George Bernard
, Shaw, He has the same bald head,
the same pointed white beard and
the same twinkle In his eye. j .
Until? 1821 Greece wat a .prov
ince In the Ottoman empire. In that
year there was a revolt which even
the Terrible' Turks failed to crush,
and in the following year a Greek
rational assembly was formed and
( - n drafted. In 1S?5 the
i'.-i-- '1 Cr- 1 f-i
rti hi Jl
Government troops assemble fof action before ruins of Temple of
Zeus in Athens. Inset, Isft: King George II. Inset, right: Eic-Premler
Venizelos. - . .
and would have quashed it How
ever, mightier than the Turkish
sword was the pen of Lord Byroni
and as a result the sympathy ef
other European powers waa aroused
in favor of the trampled Greeks.
With the aid of England France
and Russia, the Turks were driven
out and Greece was declared an In
dependent kingdom, with Otho of
Bavaria as its monarch.. .
Otho was not very sympathetic
with his Greek subjects and the
Greeks didn't care a lot about Otho,
so In 1862 they revolted, and de
posed him. As his successor they
named the second son-of the king
of Denmark, who became fieorge I
Boundary settlements had left the
Island of Crete a part of the Turk
ish empire, and In 1897 the Greeks
opened warfare with their former
rulers across the Aegean sea and
tried to get Crete back, . They were
unsuccessful. In 1908 Cretans them
selves revolted and declared them
selves a part of the Grecian king
dom. They were led by Venizelos,
who by that time had become .the
Island's political boss and a real
force In Greece.
Cretan Springs Coup. . '
........ .O 1.U uuiuu
Willi unKCC, ALU CUB Bern a iucum-
petent prince as minister to. the Is
lands. Venizellsta sent him scurry
ing back home. Venizelos would
have no prince who regarded Cret
ans as his subjects. Venizelos was
He decided that all Greece should
be a republic, went to Athens and
gained control of the government
He created a national ' assembly
which revised the constitution and
named him premier.' In the first
Balkan war with Turkey Venizelos
took what is now some of the most
productive and valuable territory In
all Greece Macedonia and the Ae
gean Islands. He also Uoubled the
When the World war came on,
the king, Constantino I, who was
a Dane, naturally was In sympathy
with the Germans. Venizelos want
ed to maintain a neutrality favor
able to the allies.
Despite being held up at a traitor
by the Greek church, which, invoked
all manner of curses upon him, the
Cretan and his followers seceded
from -the kingdom and caused the
abdication' of the king, s ;.
Meanwhile the Turks had become
annoying again ,and Venizelos was
forced to leave Athens to straighten
out that little matter. ... Upon his
return to Greece the people re
pudiated him and ..returned Con
stantino to the throne, The hit
ter's son, George n, followed him.
Another revolution and the Vene-
zelists knocked ' ''Gorgeous Geor
gios" out, from' under hit crown.
Venizelos .was premier again. , ,,
Rebels 8teal Navy. '
Despite , the gaining strength f
the royalists, ' Venizelos was elect
ed premier for , another : term In
1928. . It was the eighth term, h:
His successor was the Incumbent
Tsaldaris, royalist and bitter Venl
zelan political enemyi ' The stormy
genius of Crete decided last March
that Tsaldaris, Who was believed to
have tried to restore the king in'
1933, was getting-ready for another
monarchist attempt It was the
signal for another revolution. ! '
Venizelos Almost got away with
It again. A handful of rebels seized
the two most Important and potent
warships In the Greek navy, load
ed them, with ammunition and set
out to bombard royallsm from the
sea. i -' :.;'-;,., vi; i '
At the tame time another force
of Venlzelan converts In Macedonia
and Thrace, from which come the
crack Greek troops, the.kllted Ev
sones, began to march upon Athens
from the north. They were mot
by govermr-ent hoM'th '' V 1
C""-"1 fit . '
elf appointed field marshal. .
Short of ammunition and not suf
ficiently protected against the coi
weather, the ... Macedonians . andi
Thraciana were stopped by the
heavy artillery and machine guns
of - General Kondylis along the
batiks of the Struma Vlver. When
the revolution waa only eleven days
old they were completely routed
and their officers left In flight, for
the larger part on foot, across the
border to Bulgaria. ' '
- .' "Curtain" for Venizelos.
At sea, the VenizeHsta lost be
cause the government had airplanes
'and they bad none. Bombs brought
about the surrender, of the Averoff.
and Helle, the two .warships which
the revolutionists had confiscated.
Venizelos .himself had planned
the revolution as a bloodless one,'
hoping to take the government by
bluff, surprise and confusing speed
of action. He did not want civil
war.- With all of the-shells that
were fired and the bomb dropped.
only 100 lives were lost. In fatali
ties it was Just another banana war.
In Greek political history It was
highly Important It marked . the
end of .Venizelos' real power. He
Jias had to flee from, his country,
where a- reward of (9,500 awaits
any man who. will assassinate him.
He went first to Kosog, then to
Rhodes, later on to Paris. ' ; :v .
Most of Venizelos financial aid
came from the $15,000,000 fortune
of his second wife.. Now the Greek
government ' has sealed seven of
their houses, -one of which Is in
Athens and Is reported to -have a
library worth ' 15,000,000, prepara
tory to confiscation, . ;
' Political factions In Greece are
at present trying to estimate the
comparative strengths of the repub
licans and monarchists St the polls.
In an election last June, Tsaldaris
retained bis office and his ticket
Won 287 out ef a possible 300 seats
In the chamber of deputies, which
Is the only legislative body In
Greece now, the senate created by.
Venizelos having been . -abolished
some time ago..
. Royalist' Strength. Hidden. ; ?
- While the Tsaldaris . ticket Is
claimed to be neutral It Is known
that the premier is a mild royalist,
and the contention Is that the 683,
673 votes which it pulled from
the 1,074,422 cast In June were In
large part those of royalists who
were . banking . upon the ' govern
ment's promise -to ; conduct the
plebiscite in a fair and orderly
fashion In September. ,
A rather liberal estimate claims
fhat 170,000 Greeks, mostly Venlr
selist supporters, stayed away from
the polls and that-thls bloc will be
enough to beat the monarchy. An
interesting sidelight on the election
was the fact that there were 94,140
votes cast for the Communist party,
more than ever before. ,
Tsaldaris recommends the draft
ing of a new document that will not
be so uncompromising that It has
to be thrown aside by revolutionary
methods every few years.' It seeks
better balance between legislative
and executive power. None of the
commission.' for-revision favors an
absolute dictatorship as a method
of relieving the ' chief .executive
from'the.hsmstrlnglng of the cham
ber of deputies, but all of -them be
lieve he should be given stronger
veto power and the power to set
aside certain provisions of the. con
stitution during times of extreme
emergency. " v MV
The United States has' what Is
generally called a "presidential re
public," France has a "parliamen
tary republic" What Greece wants
Is a sort Of happy medium between
the two, . ; ; :
Greek .presidents todav have vir
tually no power at all. Tlie rr- -nt
one's it- .( s '-iif' r :
tern, w. n. tr. '
THE FEATHERHEADS UtL
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FORCE : 'X&XsZL
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ATTCNTION TO HHE FACT
areppEtj fbomt of
B WHBRbT;' IS ? r.
Make It In percale for a morning
frock 1 ; Make It - In novelty cotton,
shantung'' or . pique for . a sports
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silk, crepe for an afternoon frock I
This pattern will make a charming
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' Its lines are partic
ularly 1 good-r-for the "not-too-gllm"
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both- versions of the flattering col
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and cleverly placed fullness all con,
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frocks of this pattern Will prove
classics In your wardrobe.
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34, 86,f88, 40, 42, 44 and 46. t
takes 494 yards 38 Inch luh
Illustrated step-by-step. . sewing
structlons included. : '
SEND FIFTEEN CENTS (15c
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..i .QUEENS AT PLAY
Cousin Bmliy Mrs. Sprlggs went
to Eleanor's the other night and
found a .famous airman ' there.' So
for ber next evening she got an even
more famous man. , Isn't that like
Mrs. Sprlggs? . .-'j,
Cousin - Kate Exactly I "Always
wanting to trump her partner's ace.
Sydney .' Bulletin. - . . .
." He Didn't See It :i b
Quest Why did Jou charge me IS
for that room? ".; '
v. Hotel Clerk Why, It" overlooks
the teke.' 1 , .- -"'
Guest-r-WelL so did I.
v . , ; Soft-Pedat' ' 'r '
that's your namef ' t
"M-M-M-M-M-M-MabeL" ' ' '
111 call yon Mabel for short"
Pearson's Weekly. - v'
" Oold That QUtUred v
' Jack You say she partly
turned your affectlonif
Tonl Tea, she sent back my V t
ters but kept all the Jewelry.
..... .. . .. ... v i