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CURRENT TOPICS BV
NAT! AL CHARACTERS
v. I HVrt OF DISSENT "j .
,.' Br -ARTHUR A. BAU-ANTIKB !
. Asst, Secretary ot the Treasury.
ITH. a limit set bf the
Supreme court ongoverrt-
tnent'experimentation with in-'
dustry by regimentation,- the Presi
dent Jjas trade - sudden1 turn to
experimentation, through , taxation,
fflie Supreme court early .declared,
that the constitutional power to ta
la power to destroy,-and the Frest-.
dent now advocates use of thlsdras-;
tic power for, purposes tery dif
ferent from that Of raisin j reTenue.
If such experiments . are made,
their effects on Industry', will be
costly, not merely to those Immedi
ately affected but .to the average
' man and woman concerned with em
ployment and promotion. It seems
,' Inconceivable' that rSuch a program
should be taUroaded through with
out, real discussion, as seems to be
proposed V , ' '.
-V' 1 ' "-
j . r CRY FOR PEACE
4 6' . By HATLB SELASSIE
' :- Bjmpror of Ethiopia.
ETHIOPIA wants peace.
She needs it for completion
' of the work of modernization
.which has been going on for several
jean and which a ..war would de-
stroy. We want to spread educa
,tlon through the whole empire, to
build roads for commerce and to
develop that commerce so as to give
work to the liberated slaves, whose
' Interests are our own.
We are building radio stations so
that Ethiopia can participate In the
Intellectual life of the rest of the
. Any threat of war from Italy
would Interfere with this work,-on
which we wish to spend our whole
time and energy.. Ethiopia wants
tb go freely and pacifically forward
1 on her way ot progress. '
, By HARRY HINES WOODRINO
Ant. Secretary of War.
THE army is no longer the
stranger to the average
American that it jvas in the
decades Immediately preceding the
World war. Today we find ele
ments of our land forces, either of
the regular or civilian components,
In almost every community. Truly,
tbe army has become an Intimate
part of the American people whom
it serves In peace and war. I say
without fear of contradiction that
our armed forces constitute the
greatest stabilizing Influence In our
country today. Although small In
numbers and having been consider
ably handicapped by the lack of
sufficient, modern equipment, our
army personnel, through an exten
, slve educational system, has become
without doubt as efficient as any
military personnel In the world.
" WORLD ON MEND
By SIR ROBERT BORDEN
Former Premier of Canada.
'fTO ONE can deny that con-
i-l fused and very difficult
conditions confront the nations
today, but even at my advanced age
I am still a confirmed optimist, and
I not only trust but believe that all
iWill yet be well with the world.
This Is quite consistent wltt) my. be
lief that certain anomalies In our
social order ought to be and Will be
The conditions today call for ac
tive participation In public affairs
iby the best elements of our people.
' This Is a principle that I have main
tained throughout my public career,
and 80 years ago I declared J wonld
! rather see a young man actively en
gaged in opposition to my party
than remain Inactive as a drone
(without Interest . In the public- af
fairs of our country. v
JAPAN'S WAR 8PIRIT
By KANJTT KATO .
Representing- Japan's Trade Vnlons.
TpHE danger of war in China
X is spreading. The war spirit
; has been inspired by, imperial
ists and Is being carefully nourished
by them. . t
. The ambition for territorial ex
pansion in Japan belongs to the
; Japanese Capitalists. They are push-
. lng war preparation in spite of all
' we can do... -. .. . ' ;
' - vThe imperialistic , policy of the
:-..TJnIted States and the .Far Eastern
i'-it policy of Japan cannot, be recon-
died. .They meet in direct conflict
; In Chlna.( England is gradually fad
f,t lne Into the background, so that the
Chief conflict of Interest Is devel
oping between the -Onlted States
and Japan. vv.V, ,,; .
By WILLIAM B. BORAH '.
:. . , i U, 8. Senator from Idaho, .
TF THE' government' can fix
X the. wages : of a man on
i f works-relief protects ',at $1?
month an, monopoly , can fix -the
V price of wbat the worker must buy
: in .order to liver you" have pretty
i nearly squeezed out of existence the
nmnliond of ;the American citizen.
Tou bsive made h!m a peon. (
oit Housewi .
Angry housewives, assisted by their menfolk, have been picketing, the
their fight against high meat prices and woe to any would-be meat-eater
iri rinta have broken out in various sections' of the. picketed area, as
the meat sales of the region have suffered a noticeable . decline. ' Mrs.: Mary
mittee to reduce meat prices, holds a
the beleaguered butcher shops, .
Old Bill Meadows IV Retired
iWiAW:-:-:-: , .:o:-fl::-:&::i::-:v:ft
Old B1U Meadows, famed army
Juicy carrots as he is retired at Governors island. New lork, with fitting
ceremonies. Capt Barry Culllns, his rider, looks on. Old Bill Is still spry
at twenty-three, but he has been
less chance of cracking his aging
Minister to Paraguay ,
Flnley Howard of Papllllon.Neb,
who has been selected as American
minister to Paraguay. ; .
' one hundred four-horse teams
I. i ' , .un..i.
21 feet and will carry the water of the Colorado river 80 miles across
men and teams shown In the photograph above have moved more then
Fresno scraners. ; '' " ' f'
"pep" meeting In front of their headquarters Derore marcping on one oi
. V,.; ', '. .' v "r- "
I "fiip ;-1 i;p:':-
polo pony, gets a cake.topped with, 23
sent to green pastures wnere were u
Anlerican Legation at Addis aba V?;
If war breaks out between Italy
D6 ft OUBy yl ace. At IB uiv ajiwiivou
of Ethiopia. . I
Job: for ;the :Ilmperial; Valley
are here busy on one. section of the All-Amerlcan canal wU-b
tmniiit tfoiiov Tha new canal will have a width of '. '. ' '
markets of Detroit and ? suburbs. Id
who tries to make a purchase, Oood
customers and pickets clashed, and
Zuk.1 chairman of the action com
He Will TeU
Oxford "About v
Chief Aces i Blue-
Eagle ' ot: the
Pawnee and: Creek tribe of Okla
homa, . sailed- for England on ' the
Normandle to lecture in' Oxford on
-the subject of American' Indian art
and dancing. He Is pictured In full
regalia which Is part of bis "props.1
Be is Just as much at home In eve
ning attire. V- " " '
and Ethiopia this littler building will
wkhuuu ai auuw vwHf vfw
., . ' ". - '.f-
t, a depth of
the valley for in
1,000,000 yar i
' " ' "Z
X -' ' :;
Ccricr Field :;
' Waslilngton.--I)own ' In Sobth
Caroliha,' where cotton Beneflt pay
ments ahound and which is so reg
ular, In i Its.. Democracy tnat even
the Bishop"; Cannon movement, did
not affect It la 1038, there, are eald
to be rumblings' against -heNew
There are enough-rumblings - to
decide Col.? William O. Harllee, re
tired, of the Marine "corps, to thro w
hi, hat in the ring; for the senate.
And against none other than Senator
James F. Byrnes," generally regard
ed as the closest follower. President
Roosevelt has in the senate. If not
In congress. Sd dose, In fact, that
until Joe ' Robinson ' simply turned
himself-Into , White House rubber
Stamp there was very serious talk
of 'makings. Byrnes leader- in ,hll
.place. (.-,.'-; : , -
Colonel -Harllee, who' Is a grad
uate- of West Point but chose the
marines Instead of the army and
has seen service In nearly every
martial theater In which the devil
flogs burned powder, thinks. Byrnes
-too Nesr-Deallsh 'tP; suit itte
South CaroUna folks. "And Judging
from v some ' newspaper . dippings
which' have - come to Washington
there are at least a few editors :in
the Palmetto ' state who Sgreef ;
Profesaor TugweB seems io be
the colonel's chief target but he In-
slsts that he Is not a John Raskob
Democrat either Jost a plain,' old-
fashioned, "Jeff ersdnlan, nulllflca-
tlonlst, nrc-Calboun and anti-Jack
son, states rights,- low tariff. Demo:
In fact lie-Js not for Any-, tariff
at au, sticking strongly oy tne om
nulllflcatlonist doctrine, when South
Carolina-held that the federal gov.
ernment. at.- Washington hid no
right to rear tariff, barriers .which
would keep -torelgm goods out - of
her 'ports. ifAK---
Some very shrewd observers think
that Colonel Harllee - Just might
make a lot of trouble, for: the ad
ministration's fair-Tialred senator.
They say that : the people :who pnt
the money up tor . uyrnes-, cam
palgns ih the asV are -very dlsap-'
pointed in hint. . Particularly on his
sticking by the administration on
tne. processing taxes, ana c-n 'nis
fight fdr; the death, sentence id the
public utility, holding bill.'
It Just so happens that many ot
the Interests that supported Byrnes
In "his several races were- of the
conservative variety They. liked
Byrnes, all right, but what they
were reany anxious to no was io ue
feat Cole -.- Blease. ? "Now some' ot
them are .wondering, u Bieasewouiq
not have voted AiorO often tn their
interests.' as they see them. ,
What do you think of Senators
jyra 'nd Glass .of -Vlrginlar', the
writer asked Colohel, Harllee. - "Es
pecially of the way they have op
posed the administration on a num
ber, of -important measures ; -; : i
"I wish yon would tell your read
ers that r wlB ut-Byrd Harry and-
out-Glass Carter," grinned wld-
nei,. ,t :rf,,v;;-v ,i. i
A- great mahyof our people are
getting, tired; of this relief .thing;
They - want, to get- people to work,
and ; And them on 'relief, buying
cheap new cars on time with; the
relief, money, and Just stepping on
the gas: t think Washington Is go-
lne to be surprised at seme of the
primaries and, elections to come, If
tne reeling u oouin uarounai w
' It promises to be rather warm in
South Carolina next spring ' and
summer.!",' ? .f
Tha Ethiopian Mess' - ,
' Italy will i hav no ; dlfllcolty In
defeating the Abysslnlans in what
ever battles may occur; In the sp-
proachlng. war,. -in. the' opinion' of
high i military, experts bo'tb- In our
own War department and In vari
ous , embassies . here.. The trouble
will come' after that, they believe,.
as they fully expect there wili be
constant guerrilla ' Warfare:' for
years during Italian; efforts' at col
- Hence 'it Is expected - that - the
Ethiopian mess,, which the rest ot
the world Is so anxious to avert, but
Italy ta so determined to push, will
prove highly' costly to the Italian
treasury for many a lone day to
come. Experts ,'Jiere 'figure, that
Italy will have to garlsop the coun
try, so to speak, with strong forces
at strategic.; points,;, and this, ; of
course, 'wut. prove expenslvei ; , '
Coqadentlillly, for no of8.cer'dares
speak on such a situation for pub
lication, our army officers ' are. com
paring the situation to thatwhich
existed for r tlme; after the Span
ish-American war -In the Phlllp
pines. They expect Italy tb: have
more trouble than' tne united states
did for, several reasons.
.- For, example, some of Ithem say,
It Is not likely that any Abyssin
ian leader would walk Into any such
trap as Clamped Agnlnaldo In Amer
ican custody. Incidentally, there Is
no grpnt p-lde,'cvpn to this dny, In
oi'r rm f ' t '"" 'o. It
1 a piiie too much of .l
.i. (. i t,' 'cry. ,
hen, ttoo, or military experts
o not believe that any one. man in
! i'ciiiia n ins as much to the
titers of tliut land as .Agulnaldo
J to the Filipinos." ! '
Are Good. Fihters ; ' f 1 .
lliit the .most lmoortant-dWtlnc-
tlon of all, ho army, officer would
dare, whisper; save on the deep
est nledze of secrecy. But the truth
IS that our army officers do not be
lieve the FIllDlnos are In the same
class with the; Abysslnlans as fight
ers, either, physically, , morally vor
mentally. Opinion here Is that the
fosoWers'of the King- of Kings are
pretty- fine specimens, capable of
great hardships ana vsior, ana tnai
In Addition they are, at lease, ap
proaching the fanatic class. Which
makes them very difficult to handle..
And whlCh. promises little In the di
rection - Of their , submitting to the
Innviffthld after a few SDectaoular
That there will be tnese spec
tacular Italian victories no one hero,
doubts' verymuchV Opinion Is that
nn uiith' fnrc 11 that !bf the AbvS-
slnlans, - ho matter tow; wave ; or4
how well'Jllrected, could, possibly.
be a match for the well drilled,
weli equipped army the Italians will
send against them. , Especially as
Mussolini is apparently taking no
chances. He la not sending out
the forlorn hope type of oxpedition.
He la pouring men to the vicinity
of the Abyssinian border In num
bers' that ;have amazed the mili
tary experts of the remainder of the
world. V:C-j';ltV ivViiH"
Meanwhile- the - anawerC to why
nothing happens Is simply one thin
water. The Italians are waiting
for the.,nUny-8eajoni .i;;;,s.';5',
Shaves Hoary': Legend ; : , 1 ', '
Just? when ithe publ)v 'for the
... v ' 1 I i-
flrst ,tlmev In a generation, had
ohann .tnrvAl liberal education
on the value of seniority to con
areas lust why;' the multi-sefvlce-
strlped, boys always run ,tne ma
cblne-rCactus . Jack uarner comes
along and shaves the hoary , whis
He lis appointing "conferees on
important controversies between the
house -and senate, to suit hlmseUl
Or more accurately, to reflect What
be regards as the majority view of
the senate, xnere has neen no par
ticular protest about this, for Jn
every instance fcls appointees repre
sented the' majority ylw, - Had, it
been otherwise. In any Instance, a
mere motion would have, resulted
in: the senate's .'naming the -con,
ferees; by vote. . Which , explains
why the senate ; takes this upsetf
ting of an old tradltlop lying down.
Seldom bef ore has the ; country
had such "Vivid picture Of --how
legislation-. Is really settled "riot on
the-, floors .of the house or senate
not even in the house -or senate
committees prior- to . bringing tlje
measures on the floor but in -the
conference between the' two houses.
After the conferees get through, as
suming they- ever agree (and , th
probability. Is that conferees , Will
agree on all, .bills. this time) toere
isnothlni-much for the mere mem
berships of the house and senate
to do except take it. r leave u.
And. generally,-It has alwSys' been
take It : Wtll -' be this time, ,t
Normally '.in the past no dlscre--
tion has been exercisea oy me pre
siding officers in making the selec
tions. "Appointments have almost
Invariably been made of the ranking
members of the committee , that
Absurd Rule';, ("jj.'' K
Vice , President -Garner . had- an
early--Illustration of the absurdities
this rule sometimes etteciSi r or in.
stance, when be Was naming con
ferees ba the. pink sup Income tax
publicity Tepeal WlL bO name the
three ranking Democrats o; tne sen
ate, finance .committee, Harrison,
Klni and. Georee,- Also the two
ranking 'Republicans,; Couxens and
Keyes. o fat' strlcjly according tp
But Conzens didn't like the Ten-
ate's posltloD-was not 'lm sympa
thy with the repeal, as a matter of
fact. So be announced- his resigna
tion from the floor.. Garner at once
appointed the -next ;rankfng- Repub
lican, ta jrouette, . . xne w tsconsin
man shared - Coazena' views also
resigned. So Garner appointed the
next ranking BepoDiican, iietcau,
1 Still according ito Hoyle.-But
there was the Idea, and Garner an
nounced he would exercise his own'
discretion' ltf future.
. Contrary to s,bme newspaper ac-.
counts, be has not tried to use this
power to Impose White House will-
It seetued so In the death sentence
of the public "utility holding, com
pany bill. But the senate had voted
for .the death sentence, even if only
by a majority of one. So Garner
threw seniority to- the .winds, ; He
appointed ' Wheeler, the chalrmah,
skipped' Smith of South Carolina
and Wagner of .New tork, to pick
administration wheel horse SBarkley,
and then skipped Neely. Dleterlcb,
tonergan and Long,: to pick Ertwn
Of New Hampshire.
On the minority side he skipped
ranking members Cpuzens, Metcalf
and Hastlnzs., and nlckeiT . Whita.:
Then be ignored Davis and -picked
Shlpstead, who is not a Republican
at all. - v, 'v;V i-Ai. ..'; k-'-''
On the TVA bill Garner took the
list of conferees- from George -Nor-rls,
- daddy of Muscle Shoals. Rut
on the banking bill he permitted
Carter Glass to name the conferees.
. CopyrlrM ,U serrtc. -
. KI.HPIN H . I L L,.
-. 43 AT J 63
This- sge group Is usi!
bothered much with com;-
sis. f In 1
in .i030 i
age group i
all I causes... Cf
these- mom ti,:ui
half were c.i I
by 1 degenera; v
diseases, wl.l i
is another, term
which - result
from the wearing out ot some viu,t
organ. - . i - . " ,
Chronic kidney , disease head; !
the list with 2.68T deaths; chrome
heart disease came next with 2,4
deaths ; accidents, .third, with 2,ca
deaths; . eahcer of the digestive
tract, fourth, with ..deaths.
Cerebral hemorrhage or apoplesy
ranged fifth with 1,600 fataUtles;
endocarditis, or inflammation of the
lining of the heart, came sixth with
1,181 deaths, and tuberculosis was
seventh .with 1,062 deaths. -
Old tea. von see. is operaHnst ,
within this, forty-fi're tt ainty-t ve -age
group, with diseases of th kid
ney and of the heart and blood ves
sels causing most deaths, ,r
The kidneys can be thought of-as (
two organs, each about the size of v
a d9bbled-np fist, that are shaped
like a kidney bean. -In fact. It la ,
because of this resemblance that
the vegetable kidney bean gets its
name. These organs are specialized
alands for the excretion of water
and., dissolved 'substances from the -
body. It is .Just- importsnr tor -
the kidney .to excrete water as it is -for
It to excrete the dissolved salts,
pre ' and other . substances - which
are poisonous to the body when al
lowed io concentrate In the blood
Stream.; The' kidney represent the -,
dam that-allows the coastant flow
of the end products of metabolism r
from the Doay. , ,v v;,.:
The secreting units of the kid
ney are specialized Small twists of ,
capillaries that are like a smair ball
of yam, and are located; In tne out'
er portion of the organ. : There are
several million- of these', small se
cretory ; traits, .whose Job it is to
secrete urine every' minute, of the
time, day and night Nature la prodi
gal -wltb the number bf these se
creting .units,, for there sre many
more than are needed for dally use.
She has provided for a reserve sup
ply in each kidney, so that In case
of emergency, these can come- to
the' rescue.' . " 1 - .
Now,' during childhood: or - ado
lescence, Jl person may .have had
an Infectious -disease common '.to
young people, such as measles,' diph
theria or- scarlet revet-AJtnougn ;
anoarenthr recovered. there ; may v
nave been, soma damage to one or , "
both of the kidneys, which was- not 1
stifflclent. however, to cause acute ' , ..
kidney disease, and the reserve .se ;V -
cretlng units were' able to carry on ,
the normal 'functions' of .the kid. ,
beys." And for the next 20 oi 80
yeark the individual was left hap-
plly In ' Ignorance that the kidneys k
bad been damaged, . for -there were , - '
no Sxtra demands placed upon 'them.
- The when this .Individual reaches ' f '
an age- past forty,; and the 'aging
processes of the body begin to take' .
place .In him, he suddenly finds him- f I
self , with' a bankrupt excreting sys- Vv
tern," for his' kidneys have no fur
ther reserve secreting units to draw '
upon. Such an Individual (hen has ? ''
ohronlc nephritis. w - - ,
Vaccinations against diphtheria,
scarlet fever and measles were not -f-avallable
forty years ago, and so
heart and. kidney, disease patients
In the" over-forty age' group can ' '
hardly blame .-anyone if,, the dam-
age, to their heart or: kidneys oc- '
urred from an Infection due to
one of their childhood diseases. But ,
the child today can -b spared this
danger. We have the vaccine now ;
we know, that these childhood die
eases need not be "inevitable" ao,
oompanlments of young years; we'
could stamp them out if the commu- -nlty
: so .'willed. Certainly ev
adult who la paying the penalty f
. childhood ' Infections dew , with a
heart or kidney aliment, should see
to' tt that every child under hH
guardianship Is protected .again t
these avoidable Childhood dlsea -
Selene has not yet' Men able t
vaccinate against th kidnry r?
heart wearing outl The chancn : .
h never will. The way to keep t i
organs functioning without i,
ment of reserve power if to kc
factious germ diseases out c.
body.- Then scar tissue wilt r
formed as the result of a seco
infection, or inflammation, on
of these organs. Scar tissue
kidney " impedes " the fun.
power -of that kidney Just as
as the loss of one of our '
would impede the working a!,
-But the person with an l
heart or. kidney will add j
his life, -(f he . will .learn 1
live .with; this Impaired t
kidney. He must let the '
the master of his a. ;'v'
.doss this s"ii! ''l-'y, 1 v
ab'n to I've n -