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CURRENT TOPICS BY
AMERICAN DEMOCRACY '
I By REV. DR. DANIEI POLINO
East Oransa (N. J.) Clerayman.
"IIE MAY fairly ask, where
W else than in English-
;; speaking lands, or in nations
under a ilmllar form of democratic
rule, are men and women free, In
orderly fashion as provided by the
Constitution, to change government
Itself to meet new occasions and
. needs? Where else are they pro
tected in challenging the authority
administering law or when they dif
fer with the government in powerl
" In the last decade I have visited
the nations of the great new experi
ments. I am witness to the fact
that under no other social or po-
. lltlcal plan than ours are there
fewer abuses than we confront,
while with as there are liberties
and opportunities immeasurable, be
yond those achieved under any other
DANGER OF HASTE
By CARL W. ACKBRMAN
Dean of Columbia Journalism
WHILE the NRA is now
largely historical, the ex
ample of what could be accom
plished by the mobilization of emo
tion, hysteria, fear, hatred and re
venge faces us still today. Taking
advantage of the overwhelming
sentiment of the American people
for better social condltons, those
whose object Is a new social order
based on governmental control tell
ns that we must make haste or all
will be Xo&i.
That Is not true. All will be lost
if we make haste. Haste precipi
tated the World war. Haste made
communism, fascism and nazlsm
possible in Russia, Italy and Ger
many. , TAMMANY PROTEST
By MARTIN J.' KENNEDY
tl. 8. Representative from New York.
1HAVE voted for President
Roosevelt's propositions and
have walked down the corridor
of despair and defeat with him oq
bis "death sentence" for the utility
holding companies. I see undeserv
ing satellites who have deserted him
receive rewards and bis loyal friends
Something must be wrong. I think
the' President needs another rest
Be went to the West Indies once
and then to Hawaii to get in touch
with the common people. I suggest
he let congress go home -as soon as
we wind up all essential business
and take a trip to Alaska on a bat
President, American Liberty League.
' I "HE present administration
JL is perverting the form of
the American government, and
either It must stop Itself or It must
tie stopped. It has fostered legisla
tion that is utterly unconstitutional
and every lawyer In America knows
that it is unconstitutional The
Presidential compulsion as to new
legislation is wrong. The President
kjhould advise congress and leave it
to congress to accept or reject The
legislative branch of the govern
ment is being destroyed.
i THE RECKONING
' By LEWIS W. DOUGLAS
Former Director ot the Budget
WHEN that day arrives, re
gardless of what the in
terventions may be, whether
an apparent recovery or a slow
process of disintegration, the ter
rific Impetus of the economic forces
created by an insolvent Federal
Reserve system, a bankrupt bank
ing system, a destroyed middle class
and no credit with which the un
employed may be relieved, it is dif
ficult to conceive the' method by
which we may escape from the des
potism of a dictatorship.
,t. THE TAX PROGRAM
By WILLIAM E. BORAH
' V. B. Senator from Idaho.
IT IS absurd to call the Presi
dent's tax program a share-the-wealth
program. It is, in
fact, nothing more than a share-tbe-,
burden-of-government program. It
Is not only sound economically bet
iu sound In morals to take care of
our vast expenditures to a larger
degree through heavier taxes. , If
the taxes are wisely laid, such a
program will be more conducive to
recovery .than the reckless voting
of bonds and the increase ot the in
J. A BU8INE8S CONSPIRACY, ;
" , By FRANCIS J, GORMAN
:' Labor Leader.;
GUR daily reports assure us
that hours are being In
creased and wages reduced.
The employers are only waiting for
congress to adjourn to get in their
dirty work. One of the greatest
conspiracies In the history of the
country is under way. Big business
Is urging congress to get through
In Washington because of the heat
That's not the reason. -
. WNO Service.
" 1 Bancho entry In the Spanish
vaya Fiesta parade at Santa Bar
bara, Calif. 2 Howard C. Hopson,
utilities magnate, defying the sen
ate committee investigating lobby
ing. 8 Field artillery officers ob
serving the firing at Pine Camp dur
ing great army maneuvers. .;: ::'
Games Since '18
Take Part in
The largest peacetime concentra
tion of troops in the United States
was held recently at Pine Camp, N.
X. More than 85,000 men took part
In the games. Military attaches
from Germany, Great Britain, Ja
pan, China, Spain, France and Cuba
were present to watch maneuvers.
The peaceful countryside took on
all the characteristics of a country
side arrayed for war. Farmhouses
were taken over to quarter officers,
achoolhouses were made corps bead
quarters, and entire fields were
lined with guns.
It Was Roper's Treat for
Secretary of Commerce Boper gives an annual watermelon party In bis Washington home for his fel
low members of the cabinet' Here, left to right, are Attorney General Homer-S. Cnmmlngs, Secretary Boper,
Secretary of Agriculture Henry A. Wallace and Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes, enjoying sections
of one of the South Carolina melons. - -
There's No Doubt
Dawson Martin lerkes of Cpper Darby, Pa., being a candidate for
the post of county commissioner, decided to let "everyone know on what
ticket be was running. So he obtained an elephant and went out cam
paigning as though be were hunting tigers in India.
" Gov. Clarence D. Martin of the
world's largest omelet prepared and
celebration at Chehalls, center of the
areas. The omelet which required
concrete mixer before being poured
About His Party
. . . .... , , . 1
.. -J ;:'..':-:::::v:ji.:;v:
state of Washington stirring the
served as a feature of the annual
nation's outstanding egg' producing
7,000 eggs, was' mixed In a huge
into the giant skillet' .f '-
Heads a New
, . Theodore Krebs, professor of bus
iness economics at ' Stanford : uni
versity, California, baa .been made
chairman of a .new federal -central
relief board that will function at a
board of review to co-ordinate sur
veys proposed by federal, state and
local governments ss part of the
fiCarter Field f
'. Washinetoa Herbert Hoover Is
not going to say anything about bis
possible candidacy ' for the Repub
lican nomination next year for some
time to Comal , That may be accept
ed as a fact, regardless of various
stories to the contrary. 'This state
ment is based on the Impression- ob
tained from the former President
by one of his close friends, who bad
a long talkrwltb Mbs.sws
While no single word can be put
In quotation marks ' of " what Mr.
Hoover said to this friend,' the Im
pressions the .friend obtained are
highly significant In a word they
lu That Mr. Hoover craves a vin
dication. :-rk XMiifn
2 That be therefore wants the
nomination: very badly. " -
8. That he would prefer to have
the nomination come to him with
out effort, either on his own part or
that of bis friends. ,
. V; But that if It becomes ap
parent that the nomination will not
come that way, very little coaxing
would, be required to induce him to
get ont actively for It
As this is wrltten-f-anythlng can
happen to change it the famous
public utility holding company leg
islation seems -destined to die, so
far as' this session Is. concerned;
Strangely enough, a mere lifting of
a band -by the President would re
sult in Mr. Roosevelt's getting bore
than half a loaf really nine-tenths
of a loaf. Even without the death
sentence the bill Is terrifically dras
tic. There would be no trouble put
ting the " measure through - both
houses of congress If the conferees
of the two bouses should report the.
bill back ; without the death sen
tence, j ; . ;:'!v,,i.'-.' .ti'-A '
r. .'' . s
very mven iiggericu .' ,.
Actually - the Importance of the
death sentence has been- tremen
dously exaggerated by the publicity
over the fight between -the Presi
dent and the utilities. The utilities
concentrated on this one objective.
and as far as congress is concerned,
they won the fight , But Its: Impor
tance can best be illustrated by the
simple statement of the alternative,
or house, provision. The senate
draft forces the end of the certain
holding companies on a certain day.
The bouse provision. leaves discretion-
as i, to whether' the sentence
shall be executed In each particular
case by a commission members of
which are appointed by, the Presi
dent So that Mr. Roosevelt could ob
tain his , objective without " the
slightest difficulty IF he would
acknowledge defeat in this spec
tacular battle. The utilities would
emerge with some glory, but with
out , , the fruits of victory.' , The
President would have the ' fruits,
but little glory.
Tet betting odds at the moment
are that he win wait until next
year, when he expects to win both
fruits and glory. - i
Processing taxes and; farm bene
fit payments are both due for a
sharp downward revision next year.
High AAA officials. In private dis
cussions, explain this on economic
grounds. Actually President Roose
velt will force their-hsnds on po
Experts wbo have Studied the
Rhode Island situation so disas
trous to the New. Deal, in Its Impli
cations bring back a remarkable
story. . They say , that the price of
bam and bacon had more to do with
the result - than - even the cotton
processing taxes, although the; bit
ter are blamed,- together , with Jap
anese Imports, -for the closing of
aw many textile mllls.;:wi:'r"l:.:r'.
These reports flabbergasted the
administration and delighted the Re
publicans. Both the New .Dealers
antt G. O. P. leaders bad figured
that while the conditions affecting
the First Rhode Island district ex
tended to Massachusetts and New
Hampshire, they were not general.
On - the other hand, resentment
against high prices for pork prod
ucts, It Is figured,-would be -Just as
apt to be strong In California or
Michigan as In Rhode Island. " - .
In this, connection there was much
Interest In the. apparent ' healing
of the breach between Governor
Davey of Ohio and the New, Deal,
All the bitterness against Davey fol
lowing bis caustic comments on Be
lief Administrator Hopkins was care
fully concealed. : Davey bad In his
power to force a state-wide elect
tion in- Ohio to fill the vacancy
caused by the death Of Representa-tlve-at-large
Truax. and most , po
litical observers believe that If an
election were held today-In Ohio
the state would go strongly Bepub-
Must Cut Food JPricei '
In the first place, Ohio was never
very strong for Roosevelt Its del
egation did not even. vote for him
on the final ballot at Chicago. On
election "day, when most states were
piling up record-brenklng majori
ties, Ciilo gave Roosevelt only
h .t f-i ...
able Si-tle- i-i-.-.;, in . ... ..
over the fuil-ae of tue 1 c
to put an Ohloan in an luiyortuut
place, ir.,;;; - . ;'
' The administration Is now faced
with almost the necessity of reduc
lng food prices before election.. On
the particular items on which there
is now the most resentment, pork
products, no difficulty is anticipated.
Pigs are usually marketed at the
age of, nine months, so it hould
be possible to have a plentiful sup-'
ply of pork for the "nation's house-
wives well before November, 1930.
; Reduction of benefit payments on
bogs would naturally have the ef
fect of enormously increasing hog
production,' Similarly, reduction of
processing taxes on pork would help
to reduce prices on ham, bacon and
other pork. But danger threatens
from several other angles as far as
the grocery bill Is Concerned.' Re
ports from the Northwest and Can
ada about the ravages of black rust
on the wheat crop, are, alarming.
Some of the AAA experts are fear
ful .that .: wheat may :' touch $1.50.
This would be fine for farmers not,.
affected by rust but would bring the
same kind of clamor from house
wives. ! So a sharp soft pedaling of
the wheat ' reduction program, ac
companied by a .reduction In the
.processing tax on Wheat, is In order.
In fact It may be taken for grant
ed that regardless of all past the
ories, the administration will do tta
best to have food' prices down by
To Make Concessions .
President " Roosevelt ' will make
concessions In - the . present labor
war on relief projects." -The con
cession will not be to pay nnlon
scale wages on work relief projects.
The President's jaw is firmly set on
this. ' It will be to remove present
restrictions which limit Jobs to peo
ple now on relief. - '
Very little has been beard from
nnion labor : sources on this ' last,
phase, but It has been vitally Im
portant to the unions. - Not only to
the rank and file, who need work In
many instances, though they may
have bad sufficient pride and suffi
cient savings to star Off relief, but'
to the leader. For men out ; of
work i' -are J. not 'tvaptv-ttM-beV reg-;'
ular in paying their dues, and thus
the anion treasuries' get hurt Espe
cially as, nnion leaders have been
forcing In : the - check-off system
wherever possible for, years now,:
with the result that nnion workers.
In more than a majority of cases,
are not used to paying- dqes per
sonally. They are educated np to
having their 1 dues; deducted from
their pay envelopes., Hence, no pay
envelopesno :dues...?!!T g-f;.-.i'
- Work relief Jobs, under the orig
inal formula to which the ; anion
leaders object so strongly, were to
be given only to persons on relief
rolls last May. The Job could not
be :: obtained " unless the . United
States employment service so certi
fied. ' ' ' i I ' 1 v
In the near' future orders will
go out from Washington that the
employment service must certify
union men who need Jobs, whether
they were on -relief last May or
not- , , '
This will meet a very important
point In the present controversy
between the government and union
labor, but it will by no means leave
a good .taste in the . mouths of the
union men. ' - -
-. ..J '. '-7'-', -i-v" "j,, ..' '' .
May Cause Feeling '
The situation makes tot artificial
discriminations likely to raise bit
ter feeling. For example, two groups
of bricklayers - may be working
across the street from each other.
One group will be on a public works
project one approved by Ickes un
der the. old "spend our way ont of
the depression" theory.! Those men
will be drawing the prevailing wage. ;
The other group will be working un
der a work relief project approved
by Harrj Hopkins... They wit be
drawing relief wages, y Under , the
Hopkins schedules the highest, rate
Permitted at present is $94 a month I
Obviously every man drawing the
lower wage will be sore for they
will be union men In each case ; the''
administration may bej fairly brave
at times, but it Is not going to em
ploy many non-union bricklayers in
big city projects. The man draw
ing 'the lower wage will have-' a
grouch against the government to
But John i Taxpayer also'' enters
the situation. - Be is being taxed
for relief, and knows it The aver
age middle class taxpayer has more
or less of a fixed opinion that anion
wages In the building, trades ' are
too high. He resents the day wage
rates,:, for carpenters, : bricklayers,
plasterers and plumbers, though be
thinks It fine that Henry Ford .has
raised minimum wages In bis plant
to $a a day. . - ,
As to Huey Long ; .. if
AH this talk about Huey Long
Is food "and drink to conservative
critics of the administration.' There
is nothing they would like better
than for Huey to be an Independent
candidate for President, and to run
in as jnany states as possible. They
figure he would not get any elec
toral votes, save possibly those of
Louisiana,' where his machine con
trols' the election, machinery.. ' But
they also figure that In certain rad
ical states, particularly In the West,
every vote he would draw woulcl
come ' from Roosevelt's strength,'
thus aiding In the election of the Re
publican nominee. v fT : i
Copyright WOT Strvloa.
Disinf act Your Drains
You can easily disinfect your dta' i
and prevent S odors ' In your bai's
room. ,,'At regular intervals, as oftei
as ou think necessary, use the ful
lowing solution : Dissolve two ounces
ot chloride of lime in one gallon of
water,- Pour1 this down the drains,
allow It to remain for a couple of
minutes, and then flush. ' , '
, i " THE HOUSEWIFE. '"
- C Publlo Ltdger. Inc. WNU 8rvic.
Plant Improvement Held
Tedious Task Years Ago
; Until the start of hybridizing by
Knight In England, - somewhat more
than a century ago, all plant Im
provement was by "selection," says
tittle's ' Industrial Bulletin. ' This
meant that the seeds of the choicest
grains and fruit wete carefully pre
served for the planting of the next
crop and when grafting was used for
increase of woody plants the buds
or branches were from - the' finest i '
trees and bushes. This system nn
questionably kept up quality and
ably advanced it. In the hands of
certain "wizards," with keen appre
ciation of what Is of value in plants I
and how to attain this, there have V
resulted notable discoveries, such as .
the Baldwin apple and the Bartlett -pear.
1 . -
" Selection was effective, but It was .
exceedingly slow. For centuries-most ; .
attention. wS focused on standard
types and the taming and develop-
ment of wild fqrms was almost out v
Of - the "question. ; ." a v k" 1 r
Real progress . began when the -
pollen Dt the plant was placed on
the stigma of another . to produce -hybrids
consciously Instead of wait
ing for the same thing to occur by
the chance efforts of bees, flies or.
I BOYS I GIRLS!
Head the Grape Nuts ad in another
column of this paper and learn how
to Join the Diss? JDean Winners and1
win ; valuable free prizes, -Adv.
;N&'v,"e Place t CUj-.vp'
A man wants to live, on and on
whether he has any other object In
view-or mtiri:':i:'fii':'h.'s: t : .
The Simple Life
v "Ail is not lost" on the farm when
yon can sit down to a table heaped
with agreeable food, v
- anywhere on the body'
-" also burning irritated aVn
: soothed and helped by,
(k.,iii i u.. ..l . .
bHvttwekl L..... .
let's be frank there's only o. -i
way for your body to rid !u :f e
the waste material that causes ' 1
ity, gas, headaches, bloated fe 1
ana a : dozen other dlscon.'
Your intestines must function 1
the way to make them move o
ly, pleasantly, successfully, wi.
griping or narsn irritants Is to i:
a MUnesla Wafer thoroughly. 1 1 t
cordance with directions on tiie 1
tie or tin, then swallow,
Hiinesia Wafers, pure Bit
magnesia In tablet form, each
alent to a tablesnoon of ll"-ii 1
of magnesia,, correct acliu,.
breath, flatulence, at their h
and enable yon to have the
pleasant successful ellm!"
necessary to abundant Jiwu .
MUnesla Wafers come l i i
at 85c and 60c or in com
at 20c. Recommend"! v t
of physicini"!. All l
carry thoin. t sirt i : i
ant t;;n . ' e - :." i