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ff ARM VILLE, PTTT COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA. FEU. 20, 1910
G. A. ROUSE, Editor.
lj " r?
Surplus Of 1914 Crop Is
Very Great and Dc
| | ; maud is Reduced
PRODUCTION IS INCREASING
Laid Which- WW Grow Other
$ props Should Not Be Put
I? Tobacco Especially
- -a-sr ? .
After Careful consideration by
the Boanl of directors of tlic
Tobacco Association of the
United States, it was determined
to issue the following statement
regarding the situation of bright
tobacco vyitb rcspcct to the
planting for 1915: *
Land suitable for the produc
tion of bright tobacco in Vir
ginia, North Carolina and South
Carolina is sufficient, if used, to
make enough Mobacco in- one
for the demands for ten
? B ' : .)?? ' '.U ?'
Twenty-five years ago the
tobacco . produced in Eastern
l^orth Carolina and South Caro
lina; was a very small amouut
indeed. In 1914. these two sec
tions-produced over 150,000,000
pounds, against about 140,000,000
pounds produced in the Old Gelt
section of Virginia and North
Oaroliua, showing most distinct
ly how this new territory has in;
Tobacco and cotton aVc thc
- ' ihoney crops of this part afftbe
country. The Old Belt section
it noi adopted to cotton . and,
therefore, it Appears that the cot
ton section has made the in
crease in the production of
Bright tobacco that .must pro
duce serious consequences if |
Eastern North and. South
Carolina produced in?
''J910 -75,000,000 pounds. 1
L r 1911-49,000,000 " I
mtSSZ " I
Old Belt- Virginia and North
Carolina produced In
& f 1911-148,000,000
1913 .200,000,000 " .
- t- HHMH
p lind for the two years o
000,000 pound* have been pro
duccd. about lOO, 000,000 p6u^U
more than is used. , ?/.,
'?Vf .The following wiU ?ho\v how
this over Production has reduced
' ;-,f>ricei.p jg HI' J&J
South Carolina ta ?|t? aver
aged $13 77, in 1914 $9.<$.
'? Eastern North Carolina in W13
vcraged $18.56, in 1914 $12.39.
It North Carolina in
averaged 117.72, in 1914
Ddt Virginia in 1918 avor
in 1914 $9i83. ,
it the sameauantit:
crop, the situation 4bsoluto'y de
mands that a decided decrease
in the planting for 1915 shall take
The Old Belt cannot raise any
money crop but tobacco, and
therefore the crop should be cur
tailed in the cotton sections,
where the increase has been so
pronounced. A conservative
planting in the Eastern North
Carolina and South Carolina
section will give the fanner .an
opportunity and an interest to
raise full crops for home tuste
nance, and as the high price of
every article of food is likely to
continue, it does seem reason
able that every effort on the
part of the farmer should be
made to rAise food crop*. % so
doing and making a decided cut
In tEc ucregze of tobaoco, the
price ol tobacco will be remun
erative and will bring aGout a
general condition of prosperity
in tho communities on which
depends the success of the farm
ers for their weifare.
finally, it is the firm opinion
of those who fiave given the
matter thought, that another
large crop of tobacco (and a
large crop enn only be raised iq
Eastern North Carolina and
South Carolina) will be a calam
ity upon every one connected
with the trade, and especially
upon the farmer who produces
it, and the remedy lies only in a
very considerable degree de
creasing the planting this year.
PUT ON THE SOFT P2DAL
/; ^ ?
. It is time'for the American lay*
man to put on the soft pedal* and
let the president do the talking.
The is grave concern lest the
United States become involved
in the European wbr.
But it mu& not bo? if mortal
man and honorable means can
England seems determined to
Aarve out Germany, even to th*
depriving of women and children
of the necessary food to sustain
life. This may be in accordance
with the rules of warefare, but it
is not in accord with the laws of
Germany, in retaliation, says
mcrchnnt ships mu& not en?if
English waters, and warns neuf
tval countries that their vessels
are in danger of being sunk by
Teutonic submarines. Germarfy,
apparcu'iiy, \ would also Starve
England? including its innocent
women and children! This, top,
may bj considered a justifiable
aclofVar, but the ^ment of
humanity is lacking?quite dead.
' The United States is a . neutral
country, favoring neither side to
British merchant ships arc ii*
iug the American flag in ac ef
fort lo escnpc the hostile craft of
The kaiser inslruds his subma
rine commanders to sink mer
chant vessels approaching the
English coast, and warns Ameri
ca that its ships bf commerce are
in danger of being destroyed. y:
If either country, in pursuance
of its acnouoced policy, dejSirovi
An American ship sailing under
% Americaa flag, then that arft
bev^mes one of war egainA tho
L'ntVcd State*. ?r of piracy on the
!;i ' V
AndthJrein lies the extreme
Let's everybody go to work!
Let's forget about the hard times bugaboo and work
? work? work!
Let's bring a stream of gold into this community as 3
result of the next year's work that will chase the wclf
away from even ibe humblest door in the township.
Let's put gold into the pocket of every individual?
by work. * *
' '' Let's feed every stomach with the best in the market
? '>y work.
Let's fill our banks with the profits of the labors of
the ne*t twelve months ? by work.
/ Let's write PROSPERITY in capital letters? by work.
We can do it? if wc work!
Any community can do it? by work!
J It only requires confidence, intelligence, an J work
plenty of work.
"No work to be had" is often a phant'on of the brain.
It seldom exists for the man who wants to work.
There is work? plenty of it? for people who are
looking for work instead of a life of ease, or a soft snap.
If work is slack in one line there is always a demand
for labor in other lines. Some one is always wanting *
men? more men. Farmers ore at their wits ends over the
scarcity of help.
If the job won't hunt you, go out and hunt the job.
Whittling sticks ou n street comer never yet has made
a man rich or filled an empty stomach.
Swapping lies in the shade ot a tree wilt not bripg
gold to an empty i>ockct.
It requires work? work? plenty of work? and more
}* ;%? , *- ? I ? ?
When we wait for money to hunt us the other fellow
gets it. .! ?? ' ; ? ???..
But the man who works gels the money ? and gener
ally keeps it.
~ T)w> output of this community might be increased by
half? might even be doubled? if everybody worked?
\vorkcd hard? and kkpt on working.
It will be a great year for some one, for much gold
'is coming to this country from abroad.
Who's out for a big slice of that wealth?
Everybody speak at once!
THEN GO TO WORK! %
gravity of the situation.
President Wilson and bis ad
visers are draining every ncrVn
in on effort to'avoid tho danger
of a clasb, and' the people of this
country can best assist them by
refraining from partisan discus
sions of war, and by re tutting
their native coolness and Volm
neis in the face of danger. Hot
denunciations and vitriolic dis
cussions will only serve to ag
gravate an 'already delicate situ
ation. ,*? ' "? . ??'
Let Europe fight its own bat
ties. Our business is to attend
^Irictly to our own affairs? and
to furnish food for the starving
millions when the inevitable
time is at hand.
he president it speaking soft
ly1? but to the point? and he
should not be embarrassed by
the flames of racial Slrifo.
Put on the soft pedal, brother
?the soft, soft pedal.
Old King Cotton is making a
desperate elfort to retain his time
honored crown. :p f.> v
Mission Study Class Organized.
The Mission Study Class of
the M. E. Church, held their
first meeting at the home of Mn.
Joe Parker, Monday afternoon.
The class, wftich is quite a
large one, was cs!<ed to order by
the president, Mrs. Parker, at
3:30. Plans for conducting; meet
ings, were discussed Then our
president, gave a brief out line
of the book, the members arc to
study? "The New Home Mis
sions". After which, leaders
were appointed, for the next
meeting, which will be held at
the home of Mrs. Rollins. As
this meeting was only to orga
rii/.o, the remainder ot the after
noon was spent in a moat
delightful social manner. Our
gracious hostess, assisted by
Misses'Pcrry .and Eliey, served
the dantiest refreshments? de
licious cream,, with the lucious
cherries, and George's own little
hatchet, as a sovenier, fconveyed
to onr minds* Washington's
birthday. With such refreshing,
of the inward man. and with
musical and social chat the after
noon passed all too rapidly away.
In leaving, all felt grateful to
our president for such an enjoy
able beginning of "pur Study
.Waited? An authentic boun
dary map of Enropc. ) V
wfjt IsV ,m
Yon Can easily gauge a young
man's character by ascertaining
what h's does itt his idle houfe.
. V" .? i J~', ? ? '
WANTS NO "DEADHEADS" ON
LIST OF EMPLOYES.
A ^ALL UPON THE LAW MAKERS
TO PREVENT U8ELE8S TAX
By Peter Radford
Lecturer National Farmers' Union
The farmer Is the paymaster o!
Industry and a* such he must meet
the nation's payroll. When Industry
pays Ita bill it muat make a sight >
draft upon agriculture for the amount,
which the farmer la compelled tp ?
honor wlUraut protest This check
drawn upon agriculture may travel to
and fro ov'or the highways of com- .
raerce ; may build cities; girdle the
globe with bands of ateel; may search
hidden treasures In the earth or
Uavetse the skies, but In the end It
will reat upon the soil. No dollar
will remain suspended in midair: it Is
as curtain to seek the earth's surface
as an apple that falls from a tree.
When a farmer buys a plow he paya
the man who , mined .the metal, tha
woodman who foiled ' tho tree, the
manufacturer who assembled tho raw
material and shaped It Into an ar
ticle of usefulness, the railroad that
transported it and. the dealer who
?old him tho goods. "He pays the
wages of labor and capital employed
th the transaction as well as pays
for the tools, machinery, buildings,
eto.. Uicd In the construction of the
commodity and the same applies to
ail articles of use and. die i of him
self and those engaged In the sub
sidiary lines of Industry.
There Is no 'payroll In civilization
that does not rest upon the back
of the farmer. Mo must pay the bllla
? all of them.
The total Talue of the nation's
annual agricultural products Is around
$11,000,000,000, and it is safe to esti
mate that 95 cents on every dollar
goea to meeting the expenses of sub
sidiary Industries. The farmer do'eiv
not work more than thirty minutes
per day for himself; the remaining
thirteen hours of the day's toll he
devotes to meeting the payroll of thc>
hired hands of agriculture, such ss
the manufacturer, railroad, commer
cial and other servants.
The Farmer's Payroll and How Ha
The annual payroll of agriculture
approximate* (11,000,000, 000. A por
tion ot the aipount Is shifted to for
eign countries In exports, but the
total payroll ot industries working for
the farmer divides substantially as
follows: Railroads, ' 1 1,1 5 J, 000. 000;
m.' jufacturers, $4,365,000,006; mining,
$6^5,000.000; banks. (200,000,000;
mercantile $3,500,000,000, and a hoary
miscellaneous payroll constitute* thj
It takes the corn, crop, the most
valuable In agriculture, which sold
last year for $1,692,040,000. to pay off
the employes of the railroads; the
money derived from our annual sales
of livestock of approximately $2,000,
000,000, the yearly cotton crop, valued
at $420,000,000; the wheat crop,
which . Is worth M10.000.000, and- the
oat crop, that is 'worth $440,000,000.
are i<eqnlred to tnfeetthb ' annual pay
roll ot tho. manufacturers. . The
monty derived from the remaining
staple crops Is used tn meeting the
payroll ot ^the bankers, merchants,
etc. After these obligations are paid,
tho farmer ,bs? only a few bunches of
vegetables, < some fruit ana poultry
which he can sell snd call tho pro
Cards fits 0?o.
1 When tho firmer pay# off his help
he has very little left and to meet
tbeao tremendous payrolls he hss
been "forced to mprtgsgo homes, work
women In the Held and Increaso tbe
hours of hie labor. We are, there
fore. compelled to call npoh all In
dustries dependent upon the farmers
tor subsistence : to retrench In their
expenditure; ?nd to cat off all un
necessary Mrponsci This course la
abeolutely necessary In order to avoid
a reduction is 1 wages, and we want.
If possible, to retain the present vago
scale paid ullrnart and all other In
We win dovoto this article to a
dtirustlon ot annexes sary sxponse*
and whether' required *y law or -per
mitted by the managotnoate of. tho
concerns. Is wholly Immaterial. We
want all waste labor , and extra ya
gaaca. ot whatever character, cut out.
Wo win) mention th? fall crew bin as
Illustrating the character of unneceo
aary expenses to which we refer.
Union Opposes "Full Crew" Bill.
The Texas Formers' Union regis
tered its opposition to this character
of legislation pi the last annual meet
ing held In Fort Worth, Tex., August
4, 1914, by resolution, which wo quote,
"The matter of prime Importance
to the farmers of this state is an ade
quate and efficient marketing system:
and we recognize that each a system
is Impossible without adequate rail
road facilities, embracing the greatest
amount of service at the least pos
sible cost. We further recognize that
the tanners and producers In tbo end
pay approximately 95 por cent of the
expenses of operating the railroads,
and It Is therefore to the Interest of
the producers that the expenses of
the common carriers be as small as
Is possible, consistent with good ser
vice and safety. We. therefore, call
upon our lawmakers, courts and
juries to bear the foregoing facts In
mind when dealing with the common
carriers of this stats and we do espe
cially reafflrm the declarations of
the last annual convention or our
State Union, opposing the passacti of
the so-called full -crew" bill before
the thirty-third legislature of Texas."
The farmers of Missouri In the last
election, by an ovcntbctmlr't' ma
jority. swept this law off the statnte
book of that state, and It shonld
come oft of all sta'ute books where
It appears rnd no legislature of this
nation should pass such a law or
similar legislation t hlch requires un
l oo same rnie a! piles to all regu
latory measures which increase the
expenses of Industry without giving
corresponding benellts to the public.
There Is oUMmes a body of men as
sembled at legislatures ? and they
hare a right to be there ? who, In
their zeal (or rendering their fellow
assoclatcs a service, sometimes favor
an Increase ' In the expenses of in
dustry without duo regard for the men
who bow tholr backs to the summer's
sun to meet the payroll, but these
committees, while making a record
(or themselves, rub the skin o* the
shoulders of the farmer by urging the
legislature to lay another burden
upon his heavy load and under the
lash of "be it enacted" goad him on
to pult and surge at the tracts of civil
ization, no matter bow he may sweat,
foam and gall at the task. When
legislatures "cot) a melon" tor labor
they hand tho farmter a lemon.
The farmers of tho United States
are, not financially able to carry "dead
heads" on their payrolls. Our own
hired hands are not paid unless we
have something for them to do and
we are not willing to carry the hired
help of dependent industries unless
thero Is work for them. Wo must
thcreforo Insist upon the most rigid
Legislative Home-Cleaning Needed.
Whllo the war la on and there 1* a
lull In business, we want all legisla
tive) bodies to take an Inventor; of
the statute books and wipe off all
oxtravagant and useless laws. A good
house-cleaning Is needed and econo
mies can pe Instituted here and 'there
that will patch the clothes of indigent
children, rest tlredy mothers and lift
mortgages from dospondont homes.
Unnecessary workmen taken off and
useless expenses chopped dov.n all
along the line will add to tho pros
perity of tho farmer 2nd encourage
him In his mighty effort to feed and
clothe tho world,
IT any of theeo Industries have sur
plus employes wo can uso them on
the farm. We have no regular
ached ale of wages, but wt> pay good
farm hands on an averagt- of $1.50
per day of thirteen hours when they
board themselves; work usually runs
about nine moptbs ot the year and the
three months dead time, tbey can do
the chores tor their board. It tbey
prefer to farm on their own accehat,
there aro more than 14,000,000,000
acres of Idle land on the earth's sur
face awaiting the magic touch of the
plow. The compensation Is easily ob
tainable from Federal Agricultural
Department statistics. Tho total
average snnual ssIm of a farm In
the continental United States amounts
to $51ti.OO;' the cost ot operation ta
$340.00; leaving tho -farmer $17$ per
annum to live eft tad educate bis
There is no, occasion for the legis
latures Baking a position foh surplus
employes of industry, let them come
"bac* to the soil" and share with us
?the prosperity ot the fans.
When honesty 1* merely a good
policy It 1* a poor vlrtuo. '
Laxy farmers are Just aa useless as
dead ones and take up more toom.
When tin soul communes with the
spirit ot nature the back to (He farm
woven eat ?>*?!!.
Cere* ta 4 to 14 Days