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THE CAROLINA MOUNTAINEER
I II K
HI KM. III lt M
SOI "I II.
in i in:
Slum Id ( halli-HKr
Uir;Vs -f MX
'ii.'i .if the
Ilic:i:l. - l tl.l-i'
e, i 1 j 1 1 jr I he sin
i n." Tii..
;.. 1 in tile rounliy
entv ciiuntic white
h .1 :n the-e eountie.. '
ut - unevenly fvanjrt'li:'.ed.
'opurti.-n ..f the rural popula
te huich niemhership ranges
exeiiiv a .until-, studied, from
.en: : "i7..". per cent. On
- - t
than nne-teinth of the
t" ca I a::criti" n-:M- in. j...:' :.n! ;'M.r.h::
pr.:.;eir xxlu.'l h.;i V.i.,, i ;nl ...n. ''.! -hn.- it ' .
-ck lal work- i -h...i!! r'x ..f.r' ;.i ..ut .1'
Kronmnir Hiarac:. riM . : n a- 'rinr.
"To'lay t h f South 7' p-i . ni . ,. In 'Mi-
i.iral an.l deludes nearly ne-t "., .. tf '.a:
the total area of the Union. It pro- ... ;!;
due, t'.l) p-r cent of the world's cotton, r- I .
It stands on the vere of a tremendous ir.in.!.
industrial development. The .South's -. I
greatest wealth, ho-wexer, is in gn- '! :
culture. n 120 the value of her tie '
crops totaled nearly $f.000,00-), ai iron-
i-ompared with $l,.r.000,UO0,000 ten '-. er.i
year. hefore. Tenancy present- one
of the (rravest problems which the
rural South faces today. It has stead
ily increased from 35 per cent in HUH
to approximately 5(1 per cent in l'.l'JD.
At least in the seventy count ic.-. or e
xvhite farmer out of every three .-. a
tenant, and in fifteen of tiiese r-uun-ties
one out of :-i-rv two. With the
jixe-'year lease which prevails, tpnanrv
means a shiftinjr population. More
than ore promising co-operivtive oi
Xanization jn the South and m:n y
niral churches have b.-n laid Ida' by
the restlessness of (he tenant farmer.
On- of the out-stamlin' charactei ot'.'s p..p,i!at n.
in the rural life of th- Sout.'i .-. '.he " xvr on.' ha.l'
laryv trade area community. Mei- 1 : i!o-.-, at I
chant of the- count-e- studied report n: .;u!i,
ai far larger percental., of their tra le fuve:
as coming torrn the c.untry-i.iV ;han l,;ur
would the county seat merchants in i -any
other part of the country, ex.'ept -
tM' Pacific I'oaM. On '.lie other hand,
the Southern city doe, not iret veiy
much of its produce from t ri . neifr'n
borinfr countryside. In too mm, in
stances the farmers have not yet
availed themselves ..f th.- neijrh'eir
injr urban markets for hurli irra le
vegetables and dairy products."
"In the background of all mc;-h1 life t
in the South lie two things: th.- more ti
inrportant is the aftermath of tiie I
Civil War and the othei is illiteracy. .
The rate of illiteracy anions ill ma.es a
over twenty-one years of ai;e varies i.
from 23. C per cent in louisrana to ti.'.l come self-supportimr ami greatly in
per cent in .Mary'loi'l- Illitera -y bears irea.ie evangelization n these com
a distinct relation to the economic e ."
hie. Tenancy breeds illiteracy and
illiteracy breeds tenancy. ' i
"The Southern community is not o
basically economic. The social com- f
busine.-s for nait of their income, .so
other region has .-. many minister
with other occupations as the South."
Ko,uipmcnt and l-'inance.
"The data on iuipment and fina-i
I. etc icor.sented iclate ..nix t.. the
'.' co.intn- selecle.l f.o I'
. -hu . lie- uni .tie t h.
. :i:l.men' except
;.:;...n. and ex.epi a!- .i..' stereo
..n.i a virt : ola po--e- d i.y
1 1 i !".ir. dies." In a stu.lv of H
y S.utli.'in .M.'th.i.li-t clmrrhe, ('."
'' per cent had but "e i. 'oni. Foui am
liv. tint- per cent had two looms, li
f I me., apparent that the chief fun.'
n th.ll of each of the-e churches is b.
' turni-h auditorium space for an aud,
- ence. The program i a preachinif
"In the year piecedinjr
ten-ix e 1 u.l . .
l'mi I. a- any
;.l; ... ca i-.lia!
the L'TO churches that kept 'financial
records raised $ lKC,722..'iO. The forty-
.oiiii.ri-e per c-nt
t a a I far i operating U'roj;),
l Jo.:, on cent of the total sex en town and village churches
of farmei- belonjr to church, amonir these accounted for a little
t :- churches were to rea.-h mole than half this sum with their
an' funm , a- they now each axeiaxre of $'J,010.80 per cent con(fie-
i m ownei. I.oilil families or nation. The average expenditures for.
ian lo.ooo new members, would all causes in the country churche ,
were $4111. o'J per conKre(ration, which
is the lowest average for any region in
A me rica."
"Preaching is the overshadowing
fealure of the Southern Country
out of every ten has slitrht- church program. One-fourth of the
lb per cent of its popula- total number do not even have Sunday
to. en:..! -.1 m th.- church; in about schools. In the basic counties studied
. - f. ;':.ei :i em'.ership i- over there ate only fifty-eight young peo
p .en' ..f the population. The pro- organizations other tiuut Sunday
m. ti..i: ol total church membership to schools." W. A. Anderson, Associate
population m all these counties is :!i..r Professor of Sociology.
p.-r cut . nut it) sixteen mountain . -
c. .untie- the membership i- only a )H WK I'ATTON TO FACE TK1AI.
one Sunday a
.Hint! v chtnvhes
ie-hall' of one per rent
time n!' a minister
per cent have at
i ok uohhim; postokhck
(fven Preliminary Hearing Before
I nited States Commissioner V.
rx ire on a Sunday."
tuirch in the Souti is
an eflicient inst Hut ion.
counties thrle i.- one
i y -1'io men. women and
n a number of the rour
ne church for every '.".n
howexet, it should be
number of communities
churehe-, especially of
.nomination, there i- no
xx th adequate educatien.
of ex an.-iizalion wol -hip
:d s. ix icc could b'- xvorked out unde
salent leadership wdiich might be
i l.ui ch f
. h i!d ten
t :e- tile:
Patton, charged with o..-
postollicc at Clyde in No
who implicated several
believed to be responsible lor
robberies was yesterday bound
to Federal Court under bond of
at the M.iv
Shepherds ol the
The L'-ll.'i chutche
x 'd :.y 1 , t;.'7 mmi-te
on - nr n:-ter to everv
-. an average
ne an.l thiee-
Sl,.".(t(l for ids appearance
Patton is also under bond of 5 1 .000
to face trial in Superior Court charged
with the hurirlai v of a drug store and
two filling stations at Black Mountain
It was reported yesterday that Pat
ton confessed to the postal robbery and
imDlicated others when he was seen
by W. H. tJarrison, postal inspector
and W. H. Thomas, special agent. . f
the Southein Railway.
Patton is alleged to have :.lsu io'.
bed the station at Clyde at the tn-.e
of the postal robbery.
inunity is apt t
church, the scho.
borhood store an.'
that often is not
Cluster around tie
or the little neigh-ross-ro-ids
. en more than a
.(U.lile-s elm u-l'.e.-. Of the fown
chuiihcs. Pi er cent have the full
ic-i.ient minister and an
(O.MMANDKKY TO HAVK
pj.rt of the ti.ne eac.t lay."
"la North Carolina, . -tat.
permits every county to :ia .
intendetlt of public welfan
reality, i- the social service
the cjnnty. This is ju-t
tuctication- of the risiim t'de
"i:!e.'( -t thi oughout the ent .
"'What do we do for re.
:.ke,l one Southern woman,
rl' -urxeyor's ((ue-tioi:. AS!
To chur.'1' ' What a . : i ' " . .
IfMigioiiB Situ:ltion in f.eneral
"Protestai tism has ;, st omr hoi ,
the South, The numo- t' :i ii
of all non-evangelical f.i 'hs
b'e They total only alw i
, t , f th. entire church tn.'in
roi.ortion of I'rote-'U'.n
e law now
ue of the
era' ton "
. epe a.'. n,'
.v. we ito
e fo' the
ot a n
.ii.. I IP
t x f I x ; :.i
have a pait
i I iet cent : e
There will be a special conclti".- of
Wayncsx'ille Commandeiv No. '!1
Knights Tcmplkr. at J P. M., Apr 1
12. All members ai" urged t be
I M :
.ut of I.Tbl have full-i:n;-tei
- Nine per cent
.-:.'. of the churches n
.i.nti.'- ieixe the two
e .. Sunday ; and mi'v
ha " - -erx tee each
:'!'.. according to the
l i: t lie Sou! h," by IV
-. tl.ele XX. ie tbi.ollO
111 tile South Oil
- so per cent xvei.
:! pa !-. and stO p. e
on: o.ce a n.ont .
... anx -ixcr. Suodac
' :it .-hurchcs in
i tei- I..... i .
: a !.:ng. i u.
lioth. ar.d ah'Out
ha- had some
"verage count rx
. .:a- :-.
l.KTS IIONOK Ol'K CONKF.OKU
To the Fditor of the Carolina Mouii.
Sixty years ago today, April P. ') ',
ticn. K. K. I.e.- surrendered at Appo
mattox, to (ien, I'. S. Cra.it.
Since that time the South has tak. n
an active art in two wars, the Spanish-America
and the Weill War. Our
South) m soldiers showed their xahir
on .r.any battle field in these two xva.s.
Th- South has shown to the N'o.'h
an I to the world that they are p
tiiotic and fighters. The South has
-caled bv hei bioo.! shed in the la-t
txxo wars that she has been called n
by the U. S. A. to bear arms in he
ptoctocal signed by (Ien. K. F. 1 e
and (Ien. L' S. (Irant.
The South and the North both naxe
.1 x ..e, but
- e x h e -. a iolil
t .-a'-.. Ha i el y
i.'jirme t w:th 1
put a p. o .! air
re.i'ix to m.".
e'.uinel their ministers
t'V.'l t. n ot t lie Ml I
I ' per cent have had
..n.. out r" evct - fix e
...lleg. xv.ok. The
n. -ter in the South become prospetous since the gicit
sixteen years of ard'i- conflict between the states. Tii
th:- period represents South fought for what she thought
pas- was right. This great conflict i d
has he become ac- an ts evis are over. We aie pr
his congregation and 0f the record our fathers made as
into effect when he ii soldiers in the great struggle between
elsewhere. More than the states. We are glad it is o-cr and
out of every four have never to be spain We have nothinH
only three to apologize for. We fought a go nl
. eai.t oi oss, ar.d over half have had fight; and since I.ee's surrender have
in average pastorate- of two years or kept the faith imposed upon us by c ur
table indicates sal.
n.-mb is in the total ponnla'.ion,
-.: e. lit. ;.- the highest in th- V
M , I,, the South, ti:.- c'.ur
- u virtually the only agency, .
than the school, that n-aclM-s e
.onimunity and nnist of the a lul
"What is the church ilo;ng with its
i.pportumty ? The South has been
Haptist, Methodist, and Presbyterian.
No ofher bo)ly has made a very Jeep
Impression upon the Southern people."
Then' are in the seventy counties sur
veyed one church to every :S19 person.
"For every seven active churches in
these counties (six counties) therx is
ore which is abandoned or inactive."
"Ten and two-tont'os per cent of the
t Ui number of churches covered in
the survey of the Southern Methodist
denomination were found to ie aban
deneei." "Throughout the poorer sections of
the South and among the less secure.y No Salary . .
domiciled elembnta of the population, iviOO or lesa
various: sects stresainjj the ecentnc $301 to 760 .
and highly emotional have multiplied f 751 to $1,000
ih great raniditv. The forces of re- $1,001 to $1,250
litrion are face to face with a social SI 2.rl to $1,500
interest, newly born and till thriv.
ing; one which has stirred Uie imagi
nnti m of Southern congreffatior.s." ,$2,001 to $2,500
Church Membership. ! Over $2,500 12
(TV., seventy counties uiwn wh en "These figures include $250 added Confederate heroes, dead and living,
thi- study is ba ed has nc.-.-ry '.fSrt.OOO to the ca.sh salary as the estimated in the public square at Waynesville,
church members. "The ret active rented value of the parsonage when-;N. C. We have waited sixty years
mimihershin is hut two-thirds af the ever it has beer, furnished to the min- seems to me that is long eno3gh.
total or 143.S84. The mo-mershtp is Uter." R. A. L. Hyatt, a son of a aoldier
Tather strongly femin:ne. Only M9 par "Forty-eight and one-tenth per cent who Rave hi life for the Confedertite
cent of the total are male. One-third of the ministers in the seventy coun- States of America.
are under twenty-one years of age.' ities depend on farming:, teaching, or Waynesville, N. C, April 9, 1925.
We have prospered and are pi) -
pering. But something we people of
Serving Two Haywood County, N. C. have not done,
Serving or More 'and it is a burning shame that it has
not been done, but it is not too late,
is to erect a suitable monument to our
Confederate soldiers. As Confeder
ate soldiers and sons of Confederate
soldiers we cannot neglect this duty
to our Confederate heroes any longer.
If we do neglect this duty any longer
I we ought to be branded as slackers
land cowards, not worthy of the name
!of our fathers.
Let's put a worthy monument to our
One Point Points
i ..28 90
I ..29 64
) . .25 fil
.. 8 36
i ..37 21
Is Here at a reduced price.
You can be well dressed in
our Clothes without feeling
overdressed. If you have
never been able to get just
what you have wanted in
Suits before at the price you
wanted to pay, our stock
will provide it for you now.
Men's Shirts, Neck
wear, Lxtra Values
We are Sel
E W. Howell
1 1 5
OCT naec W
pic SSJgf I
I FEB i
1 1 VMt, -r-T I IB
L-rz-TTir viv" - i A'sfO
and Figures Don Lie
Above is a vivid picture of the tremendous buying demand
created throughout the country by the Nash Special Six
and Advanced Six models
On the one hand you see that month after month is
registering severe decreases in total automobile sales.
On the other hand Nash sales are monthly sweeping far
beyond the records for last year.
It is a dramatic and convincing national tribute to the
downright superiority in beauty, in performamce, and in
value of the Nash product.
SPECIAL SIX SERIES-ADVANCED SIX SERIES
Models range from $1095 to $2290, f. o. b. factory
BELL MOTOR CO., Canton, N. C