North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
Tfuropean war a
YEAR AGO THIS WEEK
TJov. 29, 1914.
Allies captured Important posi-
c.ssians split German army and
reliet COiumnn. uumam.
itenegrins defeated Austrians
hed from Egypt for anti-British
Germany paia .s,ouu maemniiy
Nov. 30, 1914.
Three big battles were fought in
Russians captured ten miles of
rman trenches near Lowicz, but
,jecj in-attack on Darkehmen.
oussians won successes in the
Carpathians and Uallcia.
. . . .
British ships again bombarded
Germans were expelled from Pe-
wnrad for raising funds for war-
Oec. 1, 1914.
oermans prepared for new dash
toward tht sea in West.,
Battle on the Yser was renewed.
Germans broke Russian wing
,ear Lodz, capturing 12,000 prison-
Russians seized German ammuni
tion barges on the Vistula.
Serbians captured 1,500 Austri-
jjs cn River Djid.
Premier Rushdi-Pasha of Egypt
glared for Britain.
Dec 2, 1914.
Britisn, re-enforced, took over
command of the Yser region.
Austrians took Belgrade.
Russians1 won at Szczercow and
Montenegrins repulsed Austrians.
Hungarian chamber of deputies
voted war bills.
Prince of Wales fund reached
Dec. 3, 1914. ..
Germans took offensive in Flan
ders cut lost neaviiy trying to
ross the Yser on rafts.
French occupied Le Mesnil.
Tete de Faux in the Vosges and
Burnhaupt in Alsace taken by the
Germans attempted to flank Rus-
lian right wing.
Austrians repulsed assaults on
Russians took Bartfeld.
Riots in Belgian concentration
l Man parliament opened, Pre
mier Salandra saying Italy would
II MVl . W f I I W W a M k I V. I J , w
jium, was cheered. .
Dec. 4, 1914.
Allies made repeated attacks on
uerman line in Flanders.
Russians won a victory at Lodz.
Allies landed troops in Montene
France called youths eighteen
rears old for military examination.
Mohammedan soldiers from Tu
nis sent to fight In army of allies.
lurkey proclaimed holy war
lainst Serbia and her allies; riot
in many towns. "
American students at Oxford
took up relief work in Belgium.
Dec. 5, 1914.
Allied aviators bombarded Ba
Italian chamber of deputies
passed vote of confidence In gov
British steamer Batiscan tailed
'mm America with food for Bel-
French made gains In Alsace and
backed Germans at St. Mlhiel.
Germans in Poland, re-enforced,
frmed new battle line and moved
5I Piotrkow. .
GOVERNOR CRAIG ENCOURAGES
WORKERS WHO PLAN ELUCA-
LATE STATE CAPITOL NEWS
Review of the Latest News Gathered
Around the State Capitol That
Will Be of Interest to Our Readers
Over North Carolina.
A moonlight school for the state
prison is being planned by prison
workers in Raleigh and Governor
Craig gave it his encouragement.
Mrs. Meredith, who teaches Sunday
school at the penitentiary; Mrs. Kate
Hayes Fleming and others are leading
this enterprise which has" interested a
good many people. Mrs. Meredith
will" take up the introduction of the
illiterates out there with teachers in
Wake county and make an effort to
get the inmates a reading and writing
foundation before they leave.
The prison work has developed the
strange fact that proportionately the
white illiterates exceed the blacks.
The whites will be ministered to in the
plans announced to Mrs. Meredith. It
is not improbable that a teacher paid
by the state will be recommended as
the state feels that it owes a duty to
the inmates who are turned out with
small endowment for good citizenship
when they return.
The penitentiary management put
on moving pictures and this aided in
bringing Out the illiteracy figures.
The presence of so many negro pris
oners who can read was "as surprising
as the absence of such ability among
Pleased With Teachers Assembly.
In commenting on the success
scored by the North Carolina Teach
ers' Assembly at the session just
closed, J. Y. Joyner, state superin
tendent of public instruction, said he
was especially pleased by the fine
spirit and aggressive work that per
v?ded every branch of the assembly.
He said there was a very marked
growth of the professional spirit. The
earnestness of the teachers especially
impressed him, as he visited the
, teachers in their department work.
I While there . are probably 10,000
teachers in the state and 1,000 or
more who were here for the assembly
represent, Superintendent Joyner says,
the big majority of those who have
adopted teaching as a life work, and
It devolves upon them to shape the
educational work of the state. Mr.
Joyner speaks in the highest terms
of the service rendered the first year
by Miss Mary O. Graham of Charlotte,
as president, and is delighted with
the action of the ' assembly in select
ing Prof. R. W. Wright of the East
Carolina Teachers' Training School as
her successor. j
Forestry Meeting Goes to Newbern.
The executive committee of the
North, Carolina Forestry Association
has decided to. hold the Sixth Annual
Foresty Convention in- New' Bern on
Tuesday Jand Wednesday, Jan. 18 and
19, 1916. This is the first' time the
association has been called to meet in
the eastern part of the state, and it is
expected that the departure will be
amply justified by the increased attendance.
The coastal plain region of this
state iz the seat of the North Caro
lina pine industry and is the greatest
lumbering region northeast of Lousi
aha. New Bern can well be consider
ed the heart of this industry, and a
large number of those whose chief , in
terest ii .the utilization of timber can
most conveniently attend. ,
One of the largest lumbering con
cerns in the country has tendered the
convention an excursion over one of
its operations. This trip will be ar
ranged for the second day of the
meeting. In this way the delegates
will have an unequalled opportunity
of learning of some of North Caro
lina's most pressing forestry problems
at first hand. .
Carr Quits Agricultural Board.
Elias Carr, son of the late Governor
Elias Carr and present secretary to
the state board of agriculture, has' re
signed his position which is to become
effective the first of 1916. The rumor
among his closest friends had not
reached any definLteness until the ap
proach of the semi-annual meeting of
the board of agriculture revived it.
The board meets soon and at that time
it is expected that Commissioner A.
W. Graham will make announcement
of Mr. Carr's action. The commission
er will make his report and recom
Mr. Carr has been several years
with the board. He is an Edgecombe
county farmer who knows how to
make a farm pay ana as a practical
agriculturalist, has been a .valuable
man in that office. He is educated
and has had long experience. No pub
lic announcement of his resignation
having been made, no reasons are giv
en. But considerations of health and
desire to return to his home in. Edge
combe are said to weigh most with
( Costumes for Skating Season
! IFgSff 181r7 ifrllk
Dickens Drew From Life.
Smike, Charles Dickens' character
J Nicholas Nickleby, seems to have
indrawn from the life. Said the
ithor in a letter apropos of that
l0Tel: ' The rascality of those York-
schoolmasters cannot be easily
Sgerated. I have kept down strong
and thrown as much comicality
it as l could rather than disgust
516 weary reader with" its fouler as
Case of gating Oneself.
rropnetor of a Concert Party (en
ding a soprano) "Now, I want you
j understand, , Miss Deerly, that 1
e my boys and girls to be one big
miiy ,no quarreling, no Jealousy.'
'ss Deerly "Oh, that's quite all
oQt. I'VA n Piror haorrf o n xrt h 4 Tl or ir
e Work of anv nthpp ainpar to eive
the Klip-htPRt oancQ tnv 4aatnnav'
Originally, in Christian mythology.
reeinn n . ,
uear me RDOae or me
Js,sed-" but not a part of it, a sort of
jerland, "where dwelt' the praiso
Js and blameless dead." Today
of th t0 denote tne mental condition
.those who. by their vain hopes, are
R f. - Sketching Steel,
oy tne modern process of spinning
jetai thread it is possible to make a
tno K 01 8teei stretch a dis
ce of 70 miles.
Seek Support for 1 National Guard.
Adjt. Gen. Laurence W. Young of
the North Carolina National Guard,
sent urgent letters to each of the
North Carolina congressman asking
they give their support in the most ef
fective way possible to legislation that
the National Guard will urge upon
Congress for putting the guard on the
most effective possible condition for
national defense service as outlined
In the recent convention of the Na
tional Guard Association at San Francisco-
General Young is a member of
the National Executive Committee and
will have to spend considerable time
at Washington working for this legis
lation when the new congress gets
well under way.
State Conference Meets In Charlotte.
At an executive meeting held in
Durham a few days ago it was decid
ed to hold the fourth annual session
of the North Carolina Conference for
Social Service in Charlotte the latter
part of January next, the exact date
not having been determined. The
central theme at the comingg confer
ence will be Child Welfare in its
various phases. An interesting pro
gram is promised by the executive
Vance Statue Almost Ready.
Governor Craig said 'that while
New York he called at the studio
Mr. Borglum, and inspected the plas
ter cast for the bronze statue of Gov
evnor Zeb Vance, which the state is
to set up in the Hall of Fame at the
national r.anitol and was very much
nleased to see the work nearing com'
rioHrm nnd entirelv satisfactory. The
artist assured the governor that the
atatnp. will be cast within a
verv short time and be ready for in
stallation at Washington about the
middle of January.
Edgecombe Cotton Exchange Charter
. The Edgecombe County Cotton Ex
change, Tarboro, received a charter
the purposes specified being to co
operate with the bureau of plant in
dustry of the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture and the division
of agronomy of the North Carolina
Department of Agriculture in the se
lection of seed and the improvement
in the varieties of cotton as best
adapted for the soil and market de
mands of Edgecombe, also to develop
for Edgecombe county a variety of
cotton best adapted to the needs of
the North Carolina cotton mills and
to co-operate with the market division
of the North Carolina Experiment
Station and Department of Agricul
ture; and find out and keep in touch
with the best markets for cotton in
and out of the state.
Craig Cannot Accompany Ford.
Governor Craig cannot go to Europe
with Henry Ford to aid in the bring
ing of peace to. the Old World. Gov
ernor Craig was not afraid that the
job of cranking the Ford machine in
the event of a German U-hold-up,
would fall upon him. Tie just could
not go, though he does not think the
mission may be fruitless. He believes
the nations will at least credit the
promoters with sincerity and that as
Henry Ford has declined to turn his
manufacturing genius into production
of instruments of war horror, the
Europeans will think well of the visit
whatever It accomplishes.
Geologists at High Rock.
Prof. Collier Cobb of the depart
ment of geology at the University of
North Carolina, a..d his class in ad
vanced geology have been at High
Rock on the Yadkin River this week
studying the , geological conditions
there, especially as they relate to the
disturbance in the earth's crust at that
place. A few months ago there was
a general rearrangement of the sur
face of the earth covering area of sev
eral acres in the vicinity of High
Rock. Depressions appeared suddenly
in places that were elevations prior
thereto, and mounds sank into depres
sions.1 The readjustment of the earth's
crust caused considerable local com
ment at the time. .
LADY, BLINDED "
Said She Would Turn Blind and
Fall When Nervous Spells Came
on. Yet Remained Conscious. .
Skating, like all other outdoor
sports, happily finds its number of
devotees increasing from year to year.
The interest in the pastime for those
who skate and to those who are sim
ply onlookers Increases in proportion
to the variety and fitness which is evi
denced in skating costumes. The skat
ing field makes a background for color
which the sport-loving have not failed
to appreciate, and the, adoption of
beautiful colors for skating clothes
will make it as fascinating as the
With these things in, mind costum
ers present a number of sport-coats,
sweaters, skating costumes, caps, muf
flers, and "head wraps" to meet the re
quirements of those fortunate women
who take to the ice. Opportunity to
look her prettiest knocks at the door
of every one of them.
Head wraps, with muff to match,
made of velvet and trimmed with fur,
are among the most fetching of novel
ties. They are soft turbans, with their
velvet drapery extended into a scarf
or muffler. The scarf portion is lined
with silk and usually tapers to a point
which terminates in a tassel or a ball
of fur or some other ornament that
will serve to weight it a little. The
muff to match is small and usually
Besides those of brilliant colors, all
white caps and mufflers and magpie
sets, like those shown above, look well
on the ice. They are good examples
of current styles, and their usefulness
does not begin and end with the skat
ing field. It covers all the outdoor
recreations of the wintertime. They
are of knitted yarns, and similar ones
are made in an endless variety of color
and color combinations.
Pretty Luxuries of Dress for Gifts
674,522 Red Cross Seals Sold.
Last year 674,522 Red Cross Christ
mas Seals were sold in North Caro
Una. Wilmington lead all the cities
of the state in having sold 92,743,
while Asheville was a close second,
having sold 92,315. l The local com
munities received $4,585 as their
share of the proceeds from the sale
of these seals. With these funds
visiting nurses were secured, patients
were sent to the State Sanatorium,
food and treatment , secured for poor
consumptives and much other valu
able assistance rendered.
Meet President Wilson and Mrs. Gait.
While at the Polo Grounds in New
York for the Army and Navy football
game, Governor and Mrs. Craig met
President Wilson and his fiancee, Mrs.
Gait, and were also the recipients of
many attentions from Secretary of the
Navy Josephus Daniels and Mrs. Dan
iels. They were showered with con-.
gratulations on the splendid record of
their son, Carlyle Craig, as a member
of the navy football team. The gov
ernor was delighted with the compli
ments paid his. son by a number of the
leading players of the country.
For Community Service Work.
The Community Service Executive
Committee held a special session in
the office of Supt. J. Y. Joyner for
the purpose of devising ways and
means of raising funds for extending
the propoganda In the state. Partici
pating in the conference were Maj
W. A. Graham J President D. H: Hill
of the A.:& M. College, Mr. Joyner;
Clarence Poe and Secretary Crosby
of the Farmers' Union. The result of
the conference was the anpointment
of a sub-committee consisting of Maj.
Graham, Drs. Hill, Poe and CrosbT-
Odessa, Fla. "About 2 years ago,"
writes Mrs. J. D. Powell, of this place,
I took several bottles of Cardui as a
tonic, for I was run down in health.
In fact I could hardly do anything at
all, could only drag around and
couldn't do my work. Life was miser
able to me and I knew I must have
some relief, as I was so very weak. I
would suffer with aching pains In my
right side, back and shoulders. I
would have such terrible nervous
spells, which would come on me, and
I'd fall down wherever I Was stand
ing. I would tuitn blind, as though I
had fainted yet kept my consciousness.
My friends would rub me..., circula
tion was extremely poor, and the arms,
hands and limbs would be cold.
"My friends. . . recommended that I
try Cardui. ... I began using it and
soon both saw and felt a great im
provement. ... My appetite became
gcod. I ate so my husband teased me
about it. I could rest well at night,
and got so I could do all my housework
in a short time. ... I praise Cardui
to all my friends."
If you suffer from any form of wom
anly weakness or irregularity, try
Cardui, the woman's tonic For sale
by all druggists.
Watching the Seals.
Visitors at the Aquarium never tire.
of watching the harbor seals, and one
thing that pleases them particularly
is to see the seals fall off their table
when they go to sleep. In the middle
of the pool for the seals theVe are two
low tables, their tops are just above
the water, on which , the seals climb
out to sleep or to rest. And some
times one or another of the seals will
climb out of the water to one of those 1
tables and lie there on it. maybe close
along the edge of one side and per
haps with its head and forward part
of its body hanging over the edge of
the table in front, apparently all the
time in imminent danger of rolling off
the table at the side or of pitching
off head first into the water in front.
And when a seal lies on a table like
that, sleeping or dozing, people ;. stand
around the pool watching and waiting
for the seal to fall off. He won't hurt
himself when he does fall, he will sim
ply fall off into the water; but old and
young men. women and children, will
stand there with keen interest silent
ly watching and waiting for that seal
to fall. And if they stay long enough,
as they are pretty sure to do, they are
rewarded. New York Times.
It is the privilege of women to wear
all sorts of pretty accessories of dress,
and there are all sorts of airy and al
luring , fabrics that inspire them to
make these luxuries of apparel.- Laces
and ribbons, nets and metallic gauzes,
and other transparent materials
are translated into neckwear, head-
wear, and other finery that bespeaks
the dainty woman. Interest in these
things is more keen than ever when
the holidays get near. Anything that
promises an easily made and pretty
gift is welcome.
The breakfast, or boudoir cap, has
more than prettiness to recommend it.
It is a cheerful and most becoming bit
of finery that any woman may own,
and is always an acceptable gift, like
a pretty pair of slippers. Besides the
boudoir cap there are those for trav
eling and those that are worn at
night, and the most essential cap of
all the dusting cap. This last one
is made of washable cotton finished
with a ruffle of the material. Travel
ing caps are made of washable silk
or of dark colors not easily soiled.
They are usually gathered over elas
tic cord or fulled on a ribbon run
through a. casing about the edge of the
crown. The ends are drawn through
a slash in the casing and tied in
a bow. This allows the cap to be
flattened out when it is pressed.
The picture shows a group of three
breakfast or boudoir; caps. Two of
them are of lace and one of net and
lace combined. A wide net top lace
forms the body of the first cap. The
Ainhrnidered edee is turned back
about the face and the straight edge
is gathered into a narrow lace inser
tion. This insertion borders a circu
lar piece at the back, ' forming the
crown. The lace is extended into a
tab, which hangs under a bow of soft
satin ribbon, at the back.
The second cap is very simply con
structed of a band of shadow lace
?dged with val, and a puffed crown of
let with a frill of net across the back
At the neck. The lace band is extend-
ed into tabs and the net crown is
plaited about the edge and sewed Into
the band. It is trimmed with little
bows and flowers of narrow satin rib
bon. The third cap is of lace scalloped
on both edges, such as is made for
corset covers. The scalloped edge
about the face is turned back, and
satin ribbon is threaded through the
slashes woven in the lace. The full'
ness at the back is gathered over an
A Bit of Red.
It peeps out of the pockets of a
Scotch plaid frock, and lines the cuffs
and collar as well. It emphasizes in
braid the very military losing of a
blue serge frock iand matches the
shiny belt of red leather and the wrist
straps of the same. A red flannel
vest and much-wrinkled collar are to
be seen in a very stunning blue gaber
dine suit. A turban of shirred red vel
vet lights up an otherwise somber
costume. Altogether, for the woman
who can stand it, the bit of red is in
dispensable for the dull colorings
which fashion Is forcing upon woman
kind tnis season.
Ribbons and silks can usually be
made to look fresher if they are
washed in soapy water, dried and
ironed. If they are desired stiff they
should be ironed while wet. If they
are to be soft they must first be dried,
and any wrinkles which refuse to iron
out without water can be moistened
with a sponge wrung dry.
Pockets Are Large.
The craze for pockets does not seem
likely to die out. In fact, the newest
models craated by famous Paris dress
makers exploit pockets which are
'arge, unexpected, and numerous.
A Boer Don at Cambridge.
Christ's, which has just elected to
an honorary fellowship uenerai
Smuts, who was graduated there with
exceptional brilliance In the law
tripos; is not the only Cambridge col
lege which has paid this academics
compliment to a prominent South Af
rican statesman. Some time - ago
Downing conferred an honorary fel
lowship on the Hon. W. P. Sen rein er.
who was also graduated with the high
est distinction in the same Tripos, and
was formerly a fellow. Hitherto
Christ's college has proved more pro
lific of bards than lawyers, having
been the Alma mater of six poets of
such diverse types as Milton and C.
S. Calverley. Westminster Gazette
Keeping It Dark.
"I don't want to sign my name to
this letter. I think I'll sign It 'Cognos
co" "If you don't want to be known, I
think I'd sign it 'Incognosco'."
Treasure for Antiquarians.
In a recent issue of the London
Times announcement is made of the
discovery at Caervoran, on the Roman
wall, -three miles east of Gilsland, In
Northumberland, of a remarkable
bronze measure of the Roman period.
Such officially certified measures are
very rare. On the present specimen
the name of Emperor Domitian, in
whose consulate in A. D. 29 the meas
ure was tested, has been obliterated,
owing to the hatred felt toward him
after his death. The measure con
tains 17 sectarii, about thirty pounds
of wine, or rather more than two gal
lons, and eight pounds have been al
lowed as the weight of the material.
Professor Haverfield is uncertain
whether it was really certified under
the order of the emperor, or whether
it is a private venture, masquerading
as official. In any case, there is no
question of the date, and the discovery
is of considerable antiquarian interest.
Cause and Result.
"Germany is a large producer of
"Maybe that accounts for the sweet
time they're having there."
One Minister's Failing.
Deacon Grabhard Rev. du Goode
says he doesn't believe in raising
money by church fairs, suppers, con
certs, and lotteries
Deacon Pinchpenni H'ml He's al
together too conscientious for a min
ister. New York Weekly.
To Her Taste.
Jess Why did Mae marry Harold?
He's a perfect blockhead.
Bess Well, you know she always
liked hardwood trimmings in a bouse.