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POLK COUNTY NEWS, TRYON, N. C.
our ' America, in t v
LITTLE TROUBLE WITH GEESEi
Many Farms Adapted for Raising
Small Number of Fowls Pastur
age Is Quite Essential.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment or Agriculture.;
In our efforts to increase the pro
duction of poultry, which is being
urged by the department of agricul
ture, we should not ignore turkeys,
ducks find geese. M:my farms are
well adapted for geese-raising. The.y
Flock of Toulouse. Geese.
may be raised In small numbers suc
cessfully and at a profit on farms
where there is low, rough pasture land
with a natural supply of water. Geese
are generally quite free from disease
and insect pests, but occasionally are
affected byl ailments common to poul
try. Grass makes up the bulk of their
food, and for this reason pasturage is
essential. A body of water, while not
absolutely essential. Is valuable where
geese are raised, and some breeders
consider it Important during the breed
ing season. Geese are good foragers,
and for this reason many farmers In
the South keep them to kill the weeds
In the cotton fields.
Geese need little protection in the
way of a house, except in winter and
during stormy weather. Some kind of
0 shelter should be provided for the
young goslings, and the same precau
tions taken In raising chickens as to
keep the coops and houses clean and
provided with plenty of straw scat
tered about the floor, should be taken.
Geese like other kinds of poultry,
should be selected for size, prolificacy
and vitality. They should be mated
several months prior to the breeding
season to obtain the best results. Good
matings are not changed from year to
year unless the results are unsatisfac
tory. A gander may be mated with
from one to four geese, but pair or
trio matings usually give the best re
sults. When mated, geese are allowed
to run in flocks. . From four to twenty
five geese may be kept on an acre of
land, and under most conditions ten
is a fair average.
. . ucvuuie ever
Pa er nd etter( her citizens must be
loyal, devotedly faithful, in every re
lation of life.-W; J. Hutchins.
GOOD WARTIME DISHES.
We cannot say that we are doing
our part in food saving and serving
. unless we waste abso
lutely nothing. Not a
crumb; of bread should
be wasted. The crumbs
that fall from the bread
board in cutting bread
will amount to at least
a teaspoonful from a few
slices. Put them in
chopped meat, in pud
dings, in gravies . for
thickening instead of
wheat flour. Any number of uses
...I li . . i-
win occur io tne cook who is trying
Veal Sweetbreads. Sweetbreads
spoil quickly and- should be , used as
soon as possible. Plunge them Into
cold water and let stand an hour,
changing the water twice. Put them
to cook in slightly salted acidulated
water, boiling hot. Cook for thirty
minutes rather slowly. Drain, plunge
Into cold water which keeps them
white and firm. Now they may be
used in various ways.
Liver. Parboil one pound of beef
liver five minutes. , Drain. Remove
the skin and veins, then brown In a
little hot fat, chop, add a fourth of a
teaspoonful of mustard, a teaspoonful
of salt, a few dashes of pepper, a
fourth of a teaspoonful of Worces
tershire sauce and thicken with a tea
spoonful each of butter and flour.
Add a hard cooked egg and a tea
spoonful. of lemon juice. Serve on
Corn Dodgers. Boil together one
cupful of milk and water, add a cup
ful of cornmeal and cook five min
utes.! Add two well-beaten eggs, two
teaspoonfuls of salt and a tablespoon-
ful of fat. Beat thoroughly and bake
In a well-greased pan twenty-five min-
utes In a hot oven. Serve from the
dish with a spoon.
Brown Stew. This is a good dish
to make a little meat go a long way.
Cut a pound of the neck of a beef In
inch cubes, season, dredge with flour,
brown in fat, then add potato water to
cover. When it boils up set it back
and let it simmer slowly for three
hours. Three-quarters of an hour be
fore the end of the cooking, add car
rots and turnips cut in cubes; a half
hour before serving add potatoes.
Three-fourths or a cupful of each
vegetable will be a good proportion.
View of Harbor of Hamburg.
WHILE It has been suspected
that the cunning of "Ger
man kultur" exaggerated
to undue gravity the "peace
strikes" that apparently spread like a
great conflagration over Germany and
Austria, to exercise a deterrent effect
upon entente war operations, it is a
general conviction that the half has
not been told in the meager reports
that have sifted to us through Switzer
land and Holland. One of these was
that the most serious of the protesting
strikes against continuation of the war
was that of Hamburg, one of the three
free cities" of Germany,-the greatest
port in Europe and one of the very few
great ports of the world.
It would be natural for Hamburg to
assume prominence and in a way In
leadership of a movement which really
has been Imbued with a deal of the
bolshevik! spirit of Russia for cessa
tion of the war and the conclusion of
a peace on a somewhat radical demo
cratic basis, writes E. W. LIghtner in
the Pittsburgh Dispatch. It has been
more than half a century a leader of
advanced thought and action in Ger
many, insistently democratic in its in
spiration, opposed to Junkerism though,
as a matter of course, submitting to
the militarism of the empire. With
the economic furor aroused by the
great argument of Karl Marx in Das
Kapital, and the political organiza
tion effected by Ferninand Lassalle, no
people in Prussia or the German states
were so profoundly moved as those of
Hamburg. One result was election to
the reichstag of its three socialist
members; this being followed by the
election of four from Berlin under the
very nose of King' William I and of
Bismarck, who attempted to crush so-
rope, establishing branches and head
quarters in other commercial cities and
even almost playing a game of fifty
fifty in London Itself, having for a long
period an establishment at the Steel
yard In that city. It secured special
privileges in several of the chief cities
In northern Europe and held undis
puted sway of the Baltic sea and Ger
man ocean. It supressed land robbers
and sea pirate3, but exacted undue toll
from other countries and with their
progress within themselves began Its
Nearly Ruined by Davout.
It was Maximilian I, who in 1510 de
clared Hamburg an imperial city, and
it was under the sway of Napoleon I
that It met with ruin, beginning with
its corporation into the French empire
in 1810, Just 300 years after the historic
decree 'Of Maximilian. For more than
a year, beginning with 1813, the city
was under the control of the French
General Davout, who gave free reign
to pillage, and the population rapidly
dwindled from 100,000 to nearly 50-
000. After Napoleon it entered the
German federation as a free city of the
empire. From this it developed as a
commercial and maritime city with
amazing rapidity, suffering only one
check, the disastrous fire in 1842.
The old Hanseatlc league had been
long a matter of history, but there re
mained of It the original three free
cities, Hamburg, Bremen, with its
splendid port of Bremerhafen, and Lu
beck. The three gained In population,
wonderfully, but Hamburg far outstrip
ped the others, and is, next to Berlin,
the most populous city in Germany.
Within 30 years preceding 1900 it has
increased in population more than 300,
000, and before the war the population
"You're not nearly as handsome as
I am." said Mr. Phoebe. "You're
smaller and your
coat is not nearly
so brown and
"That may be
true," said Mr.
Pewee, "but you're
not any too hand-
You're not an
oriole, for in
stance, nor are
you even a beau
tiful rd robin.
You look like the
rest of the great
with short legs,
great big, ugly
big heads for
GERM IS CAUSE OF CHOLERA
Don't you wish that you might see
Spring: peep-out .behind each tree?
Don't you wish that you might hear
All the brooklet's shoutings clear?
GOOD THINGS WITH
PREPARE GEESE FOR MARKET
Young Fowls Can Be Fed Advantage
ously While on Grass or Con
fined in Small Yards.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Before marketing the young geese
the average farmer can feed advan
tageously a fattening ration either
while the geese are on grass range or
confined to small yards, but it is doubt
ful whether it would pay him to con
fine them to individual or small pens
and make a specialty of fattening un
less he has a special market or retail
trade for well-fattened stock.
Geese are usually killed and picked
in the same manner as other kinds of
poultry. Some markets prefer dry
picked geese, while in other markets
no difference is made In. the price of
scalkled or dry-picked geese. When
feathers are to be saved, fowls should
not" be scalded but should be picked
dry before or after steaming.
RAISING GEESE FOR PROFIT
Fowls Earn TheirjOwn Living by For
aging in Pastures Alfalfa
Field Is Ideal.
That there Is big money in raising
geese is conceded by every one who
has had anything to do with the raising
of them. They earn their own living
by foraging In the pastures and mead
ows, and where great quantities of al
falfa are raised would be an ideal
place for them.
FIXTURES OF POULTRY HOUSE
Construction Should Be So That Every
thing Can Be Readily Removed
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
: . As far as possible, the interior fix
tures of a poultry house, such as roosts,
nests, dust boxes, drinking fountains,
feed troughs and grit boxes, should be
so constructed as to permit them to
be readily removed and cleaned.
In many of the darker cakes, using
eplces,' molasses and chocolate, barley
flour may be used
exclusively In place
of the wheat flour.
Flour Cake. Beat
four egg yolks very
light, add one cup
ful of sugar, beat
ing It In gradually.
then add a table-
spoonfnl of hot water, a cupful of bar
ley flour mixed and sifted with one
and a half teaspoonfuls of baking
powder, a fourth of a teaspoonful of
salt and a teaspoonful of lemon juice.
Fold in the egg whites, beaten stiff,
and bake in a slow oven 15 minutes.
Plain Barley Cake. Sift one and a
half teaspoonfuls of baking powder
with two cupfuls of flour, a pinch of
salt. Cream a fourth of a cupful of fat,
add three-fourths of a cupful of corn
sirup, a beaten egg, two-thirds of a
cupful of milk added alternately with
the flour and well beaten. Add a cupful
or less of raisins well floured and
stirred into the cake. Pour into a
shallow pan and bake 20 minutes.
Barley and Oatmeal Drop Cakes
Take a cupful of barley flour, one and
a fourth cupfuls of rolled oats that
have been well parched and put through
the meat grinder, a half a cupful of
fat, one-fourth of a cupful of brown
sugar, the same of corn sirup, one egg.
three tablespoonfuls of water, two tea-
spoonfuls of baking powder, with a
teaspoonful of salt mixed with the
flour, and lastly a half-cupful of nuts.
Barley Cakes. Take two cupfuls of
barley flour, three teaspoonfuls of bak
ing powder, a half teaspoonful of salt
sifted together. Cream a fourth of a
cupful of fat with three-fourths of a
cupful of sugar, add a half cupful of
milk and three-fourths of a cupful of
nut meats. Drop on well-greased pans
and bake in a moderate oven.
Barley Pie Crust. Prepare the pas
try just as usual, using barley flour
Instead of wheat. It will be a little
harder to handle but will be tender
and flaky. A most dainty pie can be
made of custard, using three or four
marshmallows to sweeten, and two or
three teaspoonfuls of coconut stirred
into the meringue Instead of the su
gar, which does away with using su
Arabian Bridal Presents.
Among modern Arabians the bride
groom makes the bride presents, which
are sent a day or two before the nup
tials. As soon as the bride reaches the
bridegroom's house she " makes him
presents of household furniture, 8
spear and a tent.
. . j .-.....
Scene In Hamburg.
clallsm by law and actually pave the
way to the world war.
Called "Venice of the North."
He who has not seen Hamburg. has
not seen Germany or Europe. With its
great canals and basins and rivers and
harbor it long ago well earned the sou
briquet of "The Venice of the North."
It not only has canals rivaling those of
Venice in number, but also much of the
medieval aspect of Venice with much
that is splendidly modern, great old
structures as striking in architecture
as any in Venice, church towers ex
ceeded in height only by those of the
cathedral at Cologne and business and
private houses as quaint and fascin
ating as can be found In Europe.
The history of this great port city
and city state is as rich in tragedy and
romance as Greece and Rome, though
for obvious reasons less celebrated In
literature. Its themes were prosaic.
Its rhythms were those of mighty com
merce far beyond compare with that
of Venice and Genoa in the days of
their merchant princes. Assaulted and
looted by Danes, Norse. Slavs, Romans
and various others of the brigands
throughout a period embracing hun
dreds of years, it ever rose from Its
Imperial waters by which nature seem
ed to have destined It to become an
imperial port. For protection of com
merce it united with Bremen and Lu
beck in the formation of a "hause," or
league, and soon, with the incorpora
tion of other cities arose the "Hansea
tlc league. which for long yearr. actu
ally dominated the commerce of En-
was estimated at more than 1,000,000,
while the city-state, 159 square miles
In area, and one of the German states,
has tens of thousands more.
Hamburg Is essentially a "free city.
It has absolutely home government.
Since the beginning of Its days of peace
and prosperity it has spent hundreds
of millions in public works, owns or
rigidly controls all public utilities, some
of Which have been leased to private
operators; has constructed the finest
harber appointments of any city of the
world. It has unexcelled schools, li
braries containing hundreds of thou
sands 'of volumes, beautiful parks and
gardens, palatial residences, one of
the most interesting of zoos and a
rival of Coney Island at the rollicking
suburb of St. Paulus; and for long
years the spectacle of the shipping has
been unrivaled in any other port of
the world. It would be an Ideal place
for a "peace strike" this "Venice of the
North," this home of radical democ
racy which rejoices in a home govern
ment that reaches kaiserdom only
through Its representatatlon In the Na
tional Parliament, a representation
not usually to the liking of "the di
Couldn't Be Modern.
"John was a good man." said the dls
conolate widow, "but he was so old
fashioned to the last."
"How so?" asked the sympathetic
"Well, he got killed by a runaway
Mr. Greatcrest, the
short necks and
heads that is very
"You're a Flycatcher yourself P
shrieked Mr. Phoebe.
I am. I admit it!" shrieked Mr.
Pewee in return. Now Mr. Pewee
loves a good quarrel and so he was
delighted that one had started.
They argued and scolded each other,
they talked about their usefulness
and beauty or their lack of it, and
they both enjoyed themselves thor
oughly. After a time they stopped quarrel
ing so much and talked and chirped
quietly to each other.
"How many cousins have you?"
asked Mr. Phoebe.
"A great many, I think. Have you
many too?" asked Mr. Pewee.
"I should just say I had," answerd
Mr. Phoebe. "I fancy I have about
as many as you have, for we're both
cousins of course."
"To be sure, to be sure, pe-wee, pe
wee," said Mr. Pewee, agreeing po
litely for a change.
"I have the Kingbird for a cousin,
and all his family," commenced Mr.
"So have I," said Mr. Pewee.
"I thought you must have the
same," said Mr. Phoebe.
"And I have Mr. Great Crested, the
noted fighter, for a cousin," said Mr.
"And 1 have him, too," said Mr.
Phoebe. "You have a fighter cousin,
and at the same time he is mine. I
have a fighter cousin and at the same
time he is yours. It's fine, that's what
It is; simply fine." And Mr. Phoebe
chirped while Mr. Pewee 6ang. over
and over again. "Pe-wee, pe-wee, pe
wee." That Is his song, you know, and
If you listen quite hard I'm sure you'll
often hear him singing it. It has a
sad little sound for he almost wails
on the last note. But that is not be
cause h feels so sad, it's because he
thinks that's the best kind of a song
for him to have.
"I've had a pleasant call and a
pleasant fight," said Mr. Phoebe, "but
I think It is high time for me to be
going home now. Mrs. Phoebe will be
waiting for supper and the children
are hungry these days, very hungry."
"Sorry you must be going," said
Mr. Pewee politely. "Yes, we" did
have a nice quarrel. Do come again
when you're feeling like a little row.
We're all good fighters all we
cousins, eh?" N
"We are, indeed," said Mr. Phoebe
as he flew off.
Mr. Pewee joined Mrs. Pewee upon
the dead . limb of a tree where she
was sitting. She was watching for
Insects. Her nest was just below, in
between the branches of the tree
right la the center with a branch at
each side. j
The nest was made to look a little
like a cup for it was very deep and
on the outside she had decorated it
with gray-green moss. It was made
inside of roots and twigs and grass
and very, very strong.
"Did yoxi have a nice time?" asked
"Yes," said her husband, "Mr.
Phoebe, my cousin, and I had a good
"Did you, in
deed !" exclaimed
Mrs. Pewee. "Mrs.
Phoebe, my cous
in, came to call
on me and we
had a fight, too."
Just then they
both saw some
insects! flying over
their heads; some
nice little flies
they were. Mr.
and Mrs. Pewee
had a good- meal They Argued and
and they also gave Scolded,
some to their lit
tle children, though the children were
really old enough to leave the nest.
' But the Pewee mothers and fathers
care for the little ones until they are
quite, quite old and though they are
fond of quarreling, as are all of their
cousins, still they are fond of, each
other and are very nice, friendly little
They can always catch flies when on
the wing, and they are very fond of
all sorts of Insects. But the way we
can always make sure of them Is
when we hear them sing. "Pe-wee. pe
wee." Then we can watch them and
see their Interesting ways and watch
them catch Insects and have good
Principal Factor of Prevention li
Serum Treatment Developed ify
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
The most destructive ailment of
swine Is hog cholera, which kills ap
proximately 90 per cent of all hog
that die of disease. It is caused by a
germ readily transmitted from sick to
well hogs and may, at times, rematat
active in the soil and other materials
for long periods. Hog cholera has
taken from the swine raisers' an aver
age toll of 30,000,000 annually, for the
past 40 years, and the loss has been as
high as $65,000,000 In a single year. .
Thus for years the hog industry has
been greatly handicapped. The enor
mous number of animals destroyed has
been due largely to the rapid spread
of the disease and the inability cfc
farmers to recognize the ailment, and
in many Instances to the lack of at1
tention to proper precautions to pre
vent its Introduction. The symptoms
of hog cholera are not such as readily
to distinguish it from certain other
diseases of swine, and a sick pig al
ways should be regarded as a possible
danger to the entire herd. Therefore
any pig showing signs of illnes's should
be separated from the other animals.
The principal factor of hog-cholera
prevention is the preventive serum
treatment developed by the bureau of
animal Industry of the United States
department of agriculture. There are
two methods of treatment. The sta
ple method, serum alone, protects ani
mals so treated for a limited period
only, difficult to determine but usually
ranging from three weeks to three
months. The other method, simultane
ous inoculation, consists of the injec
tion of serum at one point and a small
dose of hog cholera virus at some
other point, usually In the opposite
side of the animal. The great advan
tage of this treatment is that it gives
permanent protection to the animals
In practically all instances. However
this involves the use of virus, tHfe ac
tive agent of cholera, and should,
therefore, he intrusted only to skilled
The bureau of animal industry is
now carrying on hog-cholera preven
tion work in 31 states and has a force
For Polishing Ivory.
Thoroughly clean ivory can be bril
tisntty polished with macwsla
Preparing to Administer Serum Treat
ment to Prevent Hog Cholera, ,
of 100 veterinarians actively engageS
In assisting state forces In applying
control measures. In the last few years
losses from the disease have been re
duced over 50 per cent and from field
reports the Indications are that losses,
will be further reduced during: 'the
present year. The work already ac
complished by the department of agri
culture and state authorities has fully
demonstrated that losses can be "re
duced and hog cholera controlled by
the intelligent use of antihog-chotera
serum and the proper application of
quarantine and sanitary measures.
However, in order to pursue the work
still further, it will be necessary, ai ia
the past, to have the support and co
operation of farmers stock raisers aad
others interested in the suppression
and control of infections and con
tagious diseases of live stock. Out
breaks of hog cholera should : be
promptly reported to the proper state
authorities, either directly by wire or
through the county agent or lecal'TCfc,
erlnarian; infected hogs should be re
stricted; neighbors should be warned
of infection ; dead hogs should be prop
erly disposed of; and sick' ones treated
as early as possible.
Antihog-cholera serum Is produced
by a number of agricultural colleges
and by numerous commercial finas
operating under license from the .Call
ed States department ot. agrlOTlture
which requires that a label be placed '
on the serum containers showing 4 the
license number and a serial number se'
that any consignment of serum can be
investigated, If need arises. Farmers
should know how and where to obtala
serum promptly in case of need an
where to secure a competent mxtkt
administer the treatment.