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fV1L8 OF IDLENESS STRONGLY
STRESSED BY GOVERNOR OF
DISPATCHES FROM RALEIGH
Coins nd Happening1 That - Mark
the Progress of North Carolina Peo
ple, Gathered Around the ' State
In an address to the people of North
Carolina Governor Bickett stresses
-the eVils of idleness as meaning death
to the soldiers in the trenches,' and
asks that so much talk about idleness
be stopped, and the Individuals go di
rectly to any idler and explain that
idleness, means prolongation of the
If the idler will not take the hint
and go to work, then the governor
urges that he be reported to the coun
cil of defense. The governor suggests
that the local authorities take steps
to enforce industry, or report the
names of the idlers, to the governor,
who will "in turn report to the federal
authorities, and the list of idlers be
used as amendment to the draft law
to call into service all idlers between
18 and 50 years of age.
Governor Bickett has instructed all
police officers to rigidly enforce the
vaerancv laws, and all neraons who
do not work at least 50 hours a week
he prosecuted. He asks the court to
enter judgment where, an idler does
not come under the vagrancy statute
-for punishment, that the vagrant is a
moral idler, not punishable under the
statute, and that he be so recorded
and listed in Washington as "Aslack
er and traitor to our soldiers, and on,
the- records of the community in which
be lives, as a moral vagrant."
Five Pounds Sugar Instead of Ten.
Five instead of ten pounds for the
country consumer, two instead of five
pounds for the town or city consumer,
twenty-five instead of fifty pounds
upon certificate and pledge for can
ning and preserving purposes with
larger quantities aiiowea witn ap
proval of county food administrators
this is the new sugar -.-program as an
nounced by State Food Administrator
Henry A. Page yesterday upon receipt
of advices from United States Food
Administrator Herbert Hoover regard
in; the growing seriousness of the
sugar situation as a result of subma
rine activities which are interfering
with the shipments of sugar from
Cuba and Porto Rico.
In addition to this rather radical ad
Justment in the sugar distribution pro
gram, Mr. Page invites beverage syrup
works, soda fountains and other corn
manufacturers, owners o f bottling
mercial users of sugar who are pro
ducing less essential articles to Join
an honor roll of non-users of sugar
until the situation is relieved.
No More Collections by Proxy.
At the suggestion of Governor Bick
ett the state's prison board has made
an order that will prevent any attor
ney, or agency, other than the prison
er himself, collecting the commutation
money that, under the state prison
system becomes due the prisoner as
his term of imprisonment is satisfac
torily served with good behavior.
Attorneys have been undertaking to
ecure commutations or pardons, and
have prisoners assign their commu
tation moneys as fees for this service.
The governor and, prison board con
. tend that this Is a misuse of the fund
Intended for the relief of the prison
Make Change in State Museum.
Visitors to the State Museum are
Impressed with the reecnt changes
which have been made in the arrange
ment of exhibit material, and in reno
vating the interior of the halls. -For
the past month Curator H. H. Brimley
and his assistant, T. W. Addicks, have
been busily engaged with workmen in
rearranging all exhibits.
Coal Mine Zone Enlarged.
The coal mine zone from which
North Carolina may buy coal has been
Md,. . tdegram recelred by
Fuel Administrator A. A. Thompson
feo-m State Fuel Administrator Mc
Alister of Greensboro, stated. Previ
ously the zone included only the New
River and Pocahontas fields. The en
largement of the zone, Col. Thompson
balieves should have effect of making
It possible lor more people to com
ply with the government's appeal to
buy coal now.
Three More Pardons Issued.
Governor Bickett added three more
Pardons to his total yesterday when
Q granted freedom to John Henry
Brynn, convicted In Craven county No
vember, 1904, andsentenced to 25
years in the State Prison for murder;
Luther Long, convicted in Rockingham
county, February. 1918 and sentenced
to twelve months on the roads for
tore breaking, and Mattie Coleman,
cenvlcted in Guilford county Decem
ber, 113. and sentenced to ten years
to the State Prison for larceny and
Fine Work N. C Extension Service.
Nearly oiw million and a half pei
sons in North Carolina were reached
dnring the year 1917 by the workers
of the North Carolina Agricultural
iooJVecords 8h0w that a total of
179 887 demonstrations have been held
m the growing and. handling of field
crops on different farms; 98,235 dem
onstrations have been given in han-
feeding and breeding live stock;
, 296 clipping vate and silos have been
constructed by the workers, ol with
their assistance, and' 6.620 animals
dipped; services have been rendered
in handling, buying and distributing
icmuzer, manure and lime to 57,825
farmers; the county agents have
placed 723 demonstration home ' or
chards containing 60,425 trees, to aid
their co-operators in the question of
fruit supply; a total of 12,826 or-
cnaras nave been inspetved, pruned,
sprayed, or otherwise handled, and
a total of 449,600 trees have been con
tained in these orchards! 320 farm
buildings, such as sweet potato stor
age houses, barns and outbuildings
have been constructed with the assist
ance and suggestion of the workers;
674 buildings have been improved,
238 plans . have been furnished
for use later on; 629 water systems
have been installed; 921 farm lighting
systems have been put in; the home
grounds on 1,614 farms have been im
proved with the assistance and.' sug
gestion of the workers; important san
itary improvements have been made
th the aid of the workers in 18,467
cases; assistance has been given in
establishing 1,336 telephone systems:
a total of 639 drainage systems have
been established, in which 4,195 acres
have been tile drained and 10,360 have
been drained by open ditches; 481
pastures have been established, or
renovated; 1,955 farmers have been
aided in terracing their sloping lands,
With a total of 35,098 acres being af
fected; 19,775 home gardens have
been established and Improved ; assist
ance has been rendered in the pur
chasing of 17,431 farm implements;
a total -of 20? various farm organiza
tions, with a total of 6,332 mambers,
have been worked up, 31 per cent of
the counties in North Carolina now
having a county or central farm or
ganization; over 71,838 visits have
been made to individual farms; 691,
936 miles have been traveled and 9,-
626 meetings held, 3,874 of these be
ing addressed where there were a to
tal of 585,877 people in attendance,
which does not include the 99.165 con
ferences and calls made on the work
ers by individual farmers; 4 divisions
report writing 120,231 letters, and
there is an average of from 60 to 65
thousand, multigraph letters, and cir
culars sent out eacn month from the
office of the agricultural editor, 1,788
articles have been written and pub
lished by different divisions, other
than that of the office of the agricul
tural editor, articles from his office
have averaged one a day for the en
tire year; 52,222 circular letters have
been sent by the county agents; 342,
250 copies of bulletins and circulars
have been issued by the Agricultural
(Extension Service- alone during the
year, and 363,594 bulletins, including
some from the Federal department.
have been mailed out by the workers
during this time; over 7,800 canning
demonstrations have been held, and a
total of 8,978,262 containers have been
filled; 228,563 gallons of products
have been brined and 657,853 pounds
of products have been dried; 22,998
boys, andvgirls have- been regularly en
rolled in some one of the different
clubs,, and many thousands of others
have ben reached by the activities of
these club members in disseminating
the knowledge gained by their club
association; in cotton grading 25,025
buyers, farmers and mills have been
served, with 77,442 bales graded; at
the short course 560 members of the
agricultural clubs " were present and
received Instruction; last fall 207 of
the fairs of the State co-operated, and
439 judges were furnished these fairs
where there were a total estimated at
tendance of 676,000 people; 300 food
and feed surveys were reported from
the various counties in the first sur
vey requested by the government, and
much valuable information gained as
result of this; at present there are a
total of 75,000 names on the various
mailing lists maintained by the work
ers, and these people are constantly
receiving instructive circular letters
and other information as It is being
Will Soon Begin Target practice.
The Training -Detachment at : the
State College of Agriculture and En
Fire drills have been started. The
first one was entirely satisfactory.
These drills will be held at frequent
Rifles have been issued and the
men are rapidly learning the manual
of arms. They will soon be ready to
begin target practice. In spite of the
absence of a band, formal guard
mount was held yesterday.
Grand 8sle of Saving Stamps.
Over a million and a half dollars,
$1 560,000, represent the sale of war
savings stamps In North Carolina dur
ing the month of May. While this
number is not as large as the amount
of sales for April, it is more gratifying
to state headquarters for the reason
that sumpsi sold . this; month on their
own momentum. The efforts sof both
state and county war savings com
mittees during the month haVe been
At-A toward the war savings dmt
of June 23-28 rather than to selling
APPLICATION OF RATES ON
STATE AND INTERSTATE
PRESENT RATES TO REMAIN
nils Order Radically Modifies Gen
eral Order No. 28, Increasing
Rates In North Carolina.
Raleigh. Confirming the under
standing reached between the corpo
ration commission and the national
administration of railroads in Wash
ington last week, that there would be
such amendment of the general order
providing for increase in freight rates
before the same became effective on
June 25. that the nrnf hasla fit
intrastate freight rates would be con
tinned, and that the general increase
of 25 ner cent wmiM v ad tti
this basis, the corporation commission
received the following cablegram from
B. L. Wlnchell, regional director of!
transportation, Atlanta, today:
Am just in receipt of telegram ad
vising director general will modify
general order No. 28 to provide that
Increases in freight rates as warned
therein Qn both classes and commodi
ties shall apply to the rates In effect
dn May 25, on state and interstate
traffic, respectively, leaving the appli
cation of rates as to state or interstate
traffic as at present. Both state and
interstate class rates will continue to
be governed by same classifications,
exceptions and minimum weights ap
plicable on May 25. And the minimum
carload charge. wrS not apply on, brick
cement, coal, coke, legs, sand, gravel
and on stone, broken, crushed or
Stamp Drive on In Guilford.
Greensboro. The campaign in Guil
ford to sell war stamps Is on. Thomas
R. Foust is chairman of the commit
tee for Guilford county, and he has
enlisted some of the best workers in
the county with him for the big drive.
The county has been divided Into
units, using the school district as the
basic unit, and the amount that each
unit should, aubacribe haa been appor
tioned. - Greensboro itself must bu'
$346,018 if it is to do its part.
Chas. H. McKnight, chairman of
the merchants' committee, has called
a meetting for the merchants of
Greensboro at the chamber of com
merce to make plans to co-operate
with the other organizations of the
county to sell war savings stamps.
Several prominent speakers will be
Date For Fall Fair Chosen.
Raleigh. October 14, 16; 16 and 17
have been selected as the dates for
the annual Fair of the Carolinas,
which gave its first showing at the
Fair grounds last year under that
same. It also has been decided by
the fair directors to join with the
Mecklenburg Poultry association in
the chicken show next fall. It is be
lieved that by taking this course both
the fair and the poultry association
will be benefited, and that one of the
largest poultry shows ever held in this
section can be arranged.
B. Y. P. U. Convention Has Adjourned.
Winston-Salem. The state B. Y. P.
TJ. convention, which has been in ses
sion here several days, adjourned
after electing officers for the new
year and awarding banners of the
Junior and senior unions making the
best report of last year's activities.
Rports of committees were also made
at the session, and the convention
closed with a conservation service
conducted by Rev. J. C. Owen, of the
home mission board, working among
the mountain schools as evangelist.
Durham. , Asheville, Rockinghaa
and several other towns In the state,
have extended invitations to the con
vention to meet with their unions next
No, Longer Berlin, Now Pershing.
Washington. The little town of
New Berlin, 19 miles from Wilming
ton, no longer exists so far as the
railroad company serving it and the
Inhabitants thereof are concerned and
no longer are these same inhabitants
ashamed to look others in the face
and advise of their home address for
they are now citizens of "Pershing"
and proud of it. While the town Is
still designated by the postal authori
ties as "New Berlin," agitation Is al
ready under way looking toward mak
ing the change of name universal.
Meeting of N. C. Bar Association.
Wilmington. Secretary Thomas W
Davis has announced the complete
program for the twentieth annual
meeting of the North Carolina Bar as
sociation, which will convene In the
Oceanic hotel at Wrightsvllle Beacn.
and will.be in session through Thurs
day morning,' i
As announced several weeXs ago
one of the notable features of . the
convention will be an address by M.
Frederick Allain of Parti, counselor to
the French high commission in the
United States. ,
CHANGE MA1E 111 SUGAR LIMIT
Distribution Hs Been Curtailed
Raleigh. Five Instead of ten
pounds for the country consumer; 25
Instead of 50 pounds upon certificate
and pledge for canning and preserv
ing purposes with larger quantities
allowed with approval of county food
administrators, is the new sugar pro
gram as announced by State Food
Administrator Henry A. Page upon re
ceipt of advices from. United States
Food Administrator fHerbert Hoover
regarding the growing seriousness of
the sugar situation as a result of sub
marine activities which are interfer
ing with the shipments of sugar from
Cuba and Porto Rico';
In addition to this rather radical
adjustment in the sugar distribution
program. Mr. Page Invites beverage
syrup manufacturers,, owners of bot
tling works, soda fountains, and other
commercial users of sugar who are
producing less essential articles, to
join an honor roll of non-users of sug-
t ar until the situation, is relieved, this,
of course, involving a shut-down of
their establishments for time being.
Mr. Page wants it very clearly un
derstood, he said, 'that the food ad
ministration does not desire any cur
tailment in canning and preserving,
but he does desire that the utmost
care and economy be exercised In the
use of sugar even for , these purposes.
It is to1 provide ah' adequate supply
of sugar for households, and for can
ning and preserving that all of the
restrictions have; been Imposed.
Mr. Page, with jhis characteristic
bluntness, stated that not only will
his office take drastic action against
dealers who disregard the new pro
gram, but that purchases by consum
ers will be scrutinized as well. With
a complete record of all movements of
sugar intd the stae, it will be very
easy to check the sale records of
sugar by all consumers,
BanK, Continues! Aid to Farmers.
The Wachovia Bank and Trust Co.
of Winston-Salem- Is continuing Its
policy of co-operating with and aiding
farmers in the western section of
North Carolina in their agricultural
progress. Through; the efforts of Mr.
Bruce Anderson, cpunty agent of the
Agricultural Extension Service, a
solid carload of soy beans was dis
tributed to farmers, In Forsyth county
after the bank had guaranteed pay
ment and had purchased the beans in
the eastern part of the State. The
sale was mad tcVnaking ars sav
ing of from $1 to $1.50 per bushel to
those farmers taking part in the co
Special Taxes? Being Voted.
Raleigh. Special school tax elec
tions are on the increase in North
Carolina, according, to Dr. J. Y. Joy
ner. suDerintendent of nubile instruc
tion. Many elections for increasing'
m for th maintenance of schools
In special tax districts In the State
hv. wn rrid and nthers are still
n.nHnr at Pi' T(itA school dis -
SVmvamq m w O -
trict in Robeson county has passed a
special tax. likewise the Huntersville
district in Mecklenburg county.
Deserters Give fUp in Mitchell.
Raleigh. Thirteen deserters in
Mitchell county haye Surrendered and
have been turned pver' to the author
ities at Spartanburg, S. C.
Major John D. Iangston received
this telegram from; Mr. Handy, of the
departmeut of Justice:
"Every deserter: in Mitchell county
delivered himself to me Saturday and
I have Just turned them over, thirteen
In all, to authorities at camp.
"Department of Justice."
Prominent Ship Building Men Here.
Wilmington. Lorenze Dilks, presi
dent of the Carolina Shipbuilding com
pany, and John W Towle, represent
Inglng the emergency fleet corpora
tion, are spending several, days in the
city and have told? the people of Wil
mington that the ' extent of the ship
building development here is only lim
ited by the housing capacity for work
men. They state that the capacity of
the steel shipyard Jwillbe doubled, If
available housing space can be pro
vided k w .
New Hanover Teachers Get Increase.
Wilmington. A. flat increase of 20
per 'cent in all the salaries in Wil
mington and New Hanover county has
been authorized by the board of edu
cation for the next school year, this
bringing the grammar school salaries
up to $&0 and $72 a month, while high
school teachers will receive $90 and
$96 a month. The School year will be
based on eight and a half months
with eight months of actual school
work, two weeks being allowed for
the Christmas vacation, for which the
teachers will be paid.
No Ban en Flour Sales.
Charlotte Close upon the decision
of a . representative massmeeting
when County Food Administrator
Plummer Steward was directed, in a
resolution adonted to issue an order
prohibiting the sale of flour In Meek
lenbfctfpapnty until the next harvest
is-availa$l came a telegraphic replj
to Miss Julia'Alexnder, city food ad
ministrator. . in which State Food Ad
ministrator Henry A. Page said: "No
authorization any ' resolution affecting
Charlotte will be pad without your
aint and commendation."
Such Must Be Plan of Victorious
Army, Says Foch.
Allied Generalissimo Declares Well Or.
ganized Reserves, Delivering Blud
geon Blow at Proper Time and
Place Will Destroy the
London.-- Victory con be won In the
end only by the army that takes the
offensive, and success In this depends
on husbandihg'&nd instructing the -reserves.
So declares General Foeh In
the weekly journal, the Field.
"Modern warfare, to arrive at its
end and to Impose its will on the en
emy," General Foch says, "recognizee
only one means destruction of the
enemy's organized forces.
"War undertakes and prepares this
destruction by battle, which brings
about the overthrow of the adversary,
disorganizes his command, destroys his
discipline, and nullifies his units as
far as their fighting power is con
cerned. No Victory In Defense.
"Our first axiom must , be that, to
achieve Its object a battle'must not be
purely defensive, A purely defensive
battle, even well conducted.does not:
resu1' In a victor and a vanquished. It
ls simply a game that must be begun
"From this it is an obvious corollary
that an offensive, whether' started at
the beginning of an action or whether
it follows the defensive, can only give
results, and, in consequence, must al
ways be adopted at the finish.
"To maintain our position is not
synonymous with being victorious and
even prepares for a defeat. If we re
main where we are and do not pass to
the offensive to fix the direction of at
tack, to guard against the plans of the
enemy, and prevent him from carrying
out the same maneuver, we must un
dertake to carry on and sustain numer
ous combats, each with determined
All Depends on Reserve.
"But since there remains no doubt
that decisive attack Is the very key
stone of a battle, all other actions
which make up a battle must be en
visaged, considered, organized, pro
vided with force's In the measure In
which they will prepare, facilitate, and
guarantee development of a decisive
attack characterized by its mass, its
surprise, its speed, and for which, la
consequence, It is essential that there
shall be the maximum, reserve force
possible of troops of maneuver.-
;The reserve that is to sayj th
prepared bludgeon ls organized and
kept carefully Instructed to execute
the single act of battle from which re
sults are expected namely, the de
Surprise, Mass and Speed.
"Reserves must .be husbanded with
the moist extreme parsimony so that
the bludgeon may he strong enoug . to
make thfe blow as violent as possible.
Let loose at the finish, without any
lurking Idea of -saving them, with a
well thought out plan for winning the
: Dattle at a point chosen
1 mined, reserves are thrown in all to
gether in an action surpassing in vio
lence and energy all other phases of
battle, an action with proper charac
teristics surprise, mass, and speed.
All our forces really participate, either
by preparing it or by carrying it out.
"In this, our supreme aim, we must
not be deceived by appearances. Al
though theory falls when applied by
feeble hands and when accessories ob
scure the main principle, history and
reason show us that in battle there is
a single argument which is worth while
namely, decisive : attack, which Is
alone capable of assuring the desired
result the overthrow of the adver
sary." Inverted Point of Vtew.
There was a rush of wind, a cloud of
dustf and the car rushed on, leaving
the old gentleman sprawling in the
roadway. He picked himself up and
dashed up to a policeman, yelling e
"That motorcar knocked me downIH
The policeman took out a business
like notebook and said :
"Did you notice the number, sir?"
"Yes," said the injured one. "It
was number 66."
Just then another policeman, who
had seen the accident, came hurrying
up and said:
"No, no! The number's 99. This
gentleman was standing on hi head
when he noticed It 1" ' r
Work That Will Pass.
Some young- people are satisfied if
they are doing work that will "pass."
They are conscious of its. defects, but
if these are passed over without a
challenge, they feel that they have
done well enough. ; That ls a mistake.
We cannot be perfect,; but should
uQt be satisfied with imperfections.
Set your standard at the highest. See
that nothing passes you that does not
represent your best Girls' Compan
ion. " .
Made Him Devout Christian.
Gen. Lew Wallace said 'that before
writing "Ben Hur" he had no fixed re
ligious convictions but as the story
crew and the Christ figure assumed
reality his. whole, life was affected by
it and when the work was completed
he found himself for the first time la
his life a devout Christian.
. 81 Ightly Mixed.
Mrs. Mix Thee was a time when
you' minded what I said, but now If a
like water on a duck's back in at oat
or and out at the other. r
(Conducted by National Council of th
Boy Scouts of America.)
"ALL OUGHT TO BE SCOUTS'
"If I had my way," says Edward Bok,
"I would have every boy on his twelfth
birthday become a boy scout. I know
of no single Idea in our modern life
that has in It so many possibilities for
the development of the best qualities
in a boy as the scout idea.
"It has been the making of several
boys that I know ; it has awakened
even a larger number. My own boy la '
a scout, and so I speak from personal
"The scout idea fits Into these busy
days for fathers with particular force,
since where the father cannot give as
much attention to his boy as in normal
times, or is away from home on serv
ice, the scoutmaster comes in with his
steadying influence in a peculiarly hap
"The entire fundamental structure
of good citizenship lies in the Idea:
obedience, a respect for authority and
himself, consideration for the'other fel
low, honor, courtesy, and a love of
'country. Where is there a better secut
lar code than this to instill into a boy
SCOUTS IN REAL WAR WORK.
The Boy Scouts of America Is
growing at the rate of 1,200 a day. A
regiment of youngsters is being re
corded each 24 hours at the national
headquarters In New York city. There
are now 353,048 of these scouts twelve
years old and over.
The reason is that the government
has given the boys who are scouts
many real things to do to help win the
war, and they have found out that as
scouts they can have a definite and
clearly recognized part to play in the
winning- of it.
While other boys are simply tossing
their hats up or cheering from the
"side lines," the Boy Scouts of Amer
ica Is being called upon by the presi
dent, the secretary of the treasury,
the war department, the food 'adminis
tration and other branches of the gov
ernment, the Red Cross, the Liberty
loan committees and all factors in
winning the war.
ASSEMBLY IN THE CAMP.
Scout Routine Is Rigidly Observed at
the Summer Gatherings.
WHAT THE BOY SCOUTS DO. -
The world Interest in the boy scout
movement challenges the Intelligent
understanding of every one, and yet
many people still aik "What is scout
ing?" and "What do boy scouts do?"
The boy scout Idea is a movement
rather than an organization. It alms
to supplement existing organizations
euch as the home, church and school
by engaging the boys leisure energies
in outdoor games and activities of
cultural and practical value.
The aim of the scout movement is
to . Inculcate character, which, though
essential to success in life, is not
taught within the school, and being
largely a matter of environment is too
generally left to chance, often with
deplorable results. The scout move
ment endeavors to supply the required
environment and ambitions through
games and outdoor activities, which
lead a boy-to become a better man, a
GOOD TURNS BY SCOUTS.
Every pound of tin used In this
country is imported. By saving tin we
also save cargo space. A manufac
turer says that the Boy Scouts of
America can patriotically save the
empty tubes from tooth paste, cold
The scout drive in Waterbury, Conn
for books in co-operation with the Ro
tary club brought in 60,000 Wumea,
Cleaned up the town and hauled out
15 loads of rubbish Is the report from
Stlem; BL .