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lNlERESTNG HEARINGS AGAINST
DEFENDANTS CHARGED WITH
VlOtATION FOOD LAWS.
DISPATCHES FROM RALEIGH
Uoinfls and Happenings That Mark
- the Progress of North Carolina Peo
jle, Gathered Around th State
Concluding the conference with two
interesting hearings against defend
ants, charged with violating the food
laws, the vity and county food admin-
istrators of Xorth Carolina adjourned
their meeting with a feeling that closer-co-operation
and more efficient ad
ministration of the food regulations
will be direct results of the confer
ence. Mr. Charles Barnham, chief
traffic manager of this division for
the National Food Administration, dis
cussed transportation problems.
From the report of the conference,
the impression was. gained that all
soda fountains and candy manufactur
ers in Xorth Carolina would be re
quired to close their, places. This ruling-
is applicable only to those who
failed to file the required report and
requisition for sugar certificates be
fore June 10 and those who have
sugar or sugar certificates on hand who
have complied with the ruling regard
ing the filing of reports and requisi
tions, will be permitted to continue
business. Literally, all-will be per-
Tv,ittcH tn vntniiA hlisinp nut- rvrrui- '
o7oVTt C " Wore than a thousand others have
ucts requiring sugar cannot be man- . . . . . .
, a a ,A t.i , , been rejected for service in this State
ufactured and the natural conclusion,!. ... . A x- ,o
v. f . : i 'or the same reason. Of the 189 sent
reached at the conference, is that the ! . . -.....
. . back from camps nine are now at
iOUd luiuiiaiiis auu vauu; wauuiac
turers fail:ngto file reports and requi
sitions, will be permitted to continue
business. Literally all will be permit-
ted to continue business but products
, . . , : . . .
requiring sugar cannot be manufac
tured and the natural conclusion,
reached at the conference, is that the
soda fountains and candy manufac
turers failing to file reports and requi
sitions prior to June 10 would be
.-forced to suspend this particular line !
of business. -
The two hearings were both Viola
tions reported by Mrs. A. F. Young,
food administrator of Winston-
Salem. In the first one the defendant,
Polite's Candy Kitchen, was ordered
to pay the Red Cross chapter in Winston-Salem
$100 for having .on hand
sugar for which he had obtained no
certificate. In the second case, against
K. Sallock, the defendant was ar-
raigned for having on hand more
white flour tthan the food laws per
mit. It developed that he had pur
chased three barrels last December
before the present regulations were
operative, and there was no action
th Food Administrator could take
against him save a scathing denunci
ation for an apparently brazen unpa
triotic act. Mr. Page minced no words
with Sallock, who is a Mohammedan,
but spent some little time in enlight
ening him upon present food regula
tions. Sallock was represented by an
Plans to Market N. C.
-Mr A. C. Bieelow. nresidfint of the
Philadelphia Wool and Textile Asso
ciation, spent the week in North Car
olina, where, in company with Mr.
, , .new dcci natiuii min
t-? and sheep. Agricultural Experiment j Hotels restaurants and boarding
Nation, visits were made to the west- ; houseg Jn North Carolina have been
"rn part of the State to encourage the j Qn beef ration by the State FQod
produ.-ion of sheep and wool. j Administration. Mr. Henry A. Page,
A conference was held in the animal ( leUer tQ them requesting and requir
industry office at West Raleigh rela- j tfaat they restrict their consump
tive to the co-operative' shipments of ! ton of beef ,n accordance with this
wool from several of the sheep grow- J nm. . hppf fl nnt more than
through the county
More Towns Want Higher Rates. ;
Petition for authority to increase
street car fares at Charlotte and Win-.
ron-Salem from five to seven cents
was filed with the State Corporation
emmission, following a similar peti
tion which ,was filed last week by the
Carolina Power and Light Company
Charged With Incendiarism.
Deputy Insurance Commissioner'
F M. Jordan reports to Insurance
Commissioner James R. Young the ar
rt and binding over to superior
court of Swep Yearwood, in Graham
county, for setting fire tc the C. C.
!-s lumber yard at Snow Bird when
,,,f ..('00 feet of lumber 'was destroyed.
is under $800 bond and indications
arf- rnat there may be other indict
ni nts for implication in the alleged
burning of the lumber for the insur
ance Cel-mel Taylor Is Reappointed.
Senator F. M. Simmons has recom-
nded the reappointment of Colonel
Walker Taylor for another term of
four years as collector of port at Wil
.ngton. H was appointed to the
Position at the beginning of the first
term of President Wilson. There Is
no opposition to his reappointment.
His present term expired May 18,
1918; but tha Job and man fit bo well
jaht there is no disposition to formal
ly hurry up a reappointment.
Red Cmcs AU. r- t .
. ncjecteu Soldiers.
While the government is preparing
through special hospittals to, care for
all men in service who contract tuber
culosis the American Red Cross So
ciety is joining with Anti-Tuberculosis
Associations and State Boards of
Health in the effort to care for the
men called for service who are re
jected because affected with this dis
ease. An. agreement has just been
perfected whereby the Bureau of Civ
Han Relief of the American Red Cross
in the Southern Division, including
North and South Carolina, Georgia,
Florida and Tennessee, will-assume a
third of the expenses of providing the
proper care and treatment of those
rejected as tuberculous, the remaining
cost above what can be provided by
the family to be divided between State
and local agencies.
The initial contact with, returned tu
berculous soldiers and rejected regis
trants will be through the Home Serv
ice Committee, which will investigate
cases referred by the division office,
and the reports will be forwarded to
either the State Anti-Tuberculosis As
sociations or . State Board of Health.
In North Carolina the work will be
done through the Bureau of Tubercu
losis of the State Board of Health,
under the direction of Dr. L. B. Mc
Brayer. Through this agency an expert ex
amination and diagnosis is to be
tuc ji ujjci cart; anu treat
ment outlined. In a majority of the
cases it is expected that the patient
will be able to arrange to carry out
tne plan outlined for him. In those
cases where he is not assistance of
the Red Cross will be added to in
sure a full opportunity for the recov
ery of the patient.
The importance of-the arrangement
may be seen from the fact that al
ready there have been 189 men from
North Carolina discharged from train-
ing camps because of tuberculosis.
, the State Sanatorium for treatment
and another is expected to arrive with-
. in tha ncvt fa nr Aorta T'Via V qtq
win ue reaciieu in cuiijuiiriiun wuu
the Red Cross.
Bureau of Markets Established.
News has just reached here that a
bureau of markets has been establish
ed in Washington, N. C, for the bene-
fit of the farmers of that section, es
pecially those interested in the potato
market. D. R. Clay, a representative
of the Department of Agriculture, has
arrived there to take charge of the
bureau, rfis headquarters will be in
the' new Public Welfare rooms on Mar
ket street. He will compile bulletins
showing the price paid for "potatoes
on the local market and also at other
points in the country; also the num
ber of potatoes shipped and received
at various points. The need of an or
ganization of this kind has been great
ly felt for some time.
Huge quantities of potatoes are ar
riving at Washington daily by trains,
boats and wagons for shipment to
Northern markets. The potato ship
ping season is now in full blast and,
judging from the large quantity which
has arrived there will not be any con
siderable shortage in the crop from
that section. The price is just about
half of what it was last year. Primes
are bringing anywhere from $3.50 to
$4.25 a barrel. Seconds are selling
around $2.50. When the high price or
seed potatoes and labor are taken Into
consideration it is a self-evident fact
that the farmers are not realizing any
great profit on this year's crop.
Ui Ck,LA LfWv
two meals weekly; beefsteak at not
more than one meal weekly; and roast
beef at not more than one mea?
Households are requested under no
circumstances to use more than one
and one-fourth pounds of clear beef
weekly or one and one-half pounds, In
cluding the bone, for each person in
Geology Board Holds Meeting.
The State oBard of Geology meet
ing in the office of the governor, adop
ted a resolution directing the secre
tary of the geological survey to com
municate to the secretary af the inter
rlor in regard to vast areas of unused
cut over lands in North Carol'na
which may be used by the adoption
of the secretary of interior's p.oposal
to utilize such for occupation of re
turning soldiers after the war. The
geological board passed a resolution
endorsing the instruction of forestry
in the state' university.
Bequests to N. C. Institutions.
Wake Forest College. Meredith Col
io.ro th North Carolina Children's
jjome Society, at Greensboro, and the
T?antist Church at Clayton are remem
bered with gifts in the will of the late
Samuel R. Home, of Morrisville. Wake
Forest College and Meredith College
each receives $1,000 as an endowment
, fund for the establishment and main
tenance of a free scholarship to be
awarded to worthy and needy young
men and women, respectively. The
North Carolina Children's Home Soci-
mty receives $5"
FEATURED BY RE-ELECTION OF
ALL OF THE OLD OFFICERS
PUN MEETING FOR NEXT YEAR
The Association Adopt3 Resolution
Against Handling of Pro-German
Wilmington. Suspension of the by
laws and re-election of all old officers
by acclamation and adoption of reso
tions pledging ostracization of manu
facturing firms whose loyalty is ques
tioned featured the closing session of
the sixteenth annual convention of the
North Carolina. Merchants Associa
tion. The offioers are: J. Frank Morris,
Winston-Salem, president; B. F.
Roark, Charlotte, vice-president; J.
Paul Leonard, Statesville, secretary;
J. E. Davis, Concord, treasurer; A.
B. Justice, Charlotte, attorney.
That section of the by-laws fixing
the date of the annual meetings was
repealed and the selection of conven
tion city and date left with the offi
cers and directors wtih the object of
providing for an amlgamated meeting
of all merchants next year.
A shar pattack was launched against
State Food Administrator Page by
Calwin Woodard for his failure to at
tend and address the merchants on
food regulation subjects. somethirg,
he said, thev are keenly Interested in
and somethinsr they have a right to
be informed on.
Mr. Pare accepted an information
to come here for an address and noth
ing more was heard from him until
after the convention had assembled
when a telegram was received ex
rres8inr reerret berns of h's Inabil
ity to fMl the appointment. He did
not srtd any one from his office and
Mr. Woodard criticised his methods
of doing business. The merchants he
said are keenly interested in observ
ance of fod reflations and restrlc
Hons "but cannot comply with these
rsriilatkns unless they are 'nformed
The following resolution was aflopt-
ed: "The North Carolina Merchants
Association hereby roes on record
eainst the sale of made in Oeraany
eortfs aa well as articles manufactur
d by pro-German firms and further
requests its members not to patron
ize anv firm in the country that is
pro-German and to promptly cancel
all orders with such firms."
Farewell, Stray and Mongrel Dogs.
Winston-Salem. Secretary Dunn,
of the board of trade, learning through
the war department that it wants all
the stray dogs it can posibly get for
experimental purposes on new games
that Uncle Sam Intends to use on the
Germans, and realizing that there are
In the state of North Carolina thou
sands of dogs that are running loose,
fed and owned by nobody, that could
serve this patriotic purpose as well as
relieve the conditions that exists In
this state from this class of dogs that
are a daily danger to small children
and sheep, wired the war department
asking how many cur dogs could be
used from this state in testing gas.
He received the following telegram
from the war department:
"Will be glad to gtt dogs two weeks
from date. Will be able to handle at
least o-ne hundred dogs per week. Will
send crates at your order."
Secretary Dunn thinks this is a rare
opportunity for North Carolina to get
rid of all her worthless dogs.
County Union Wanted by B. Y. P. U.
Raleigh. The young people of Ral
eigh who attended the State B. Y. P.
U. convention, which was in session
at Winston-Salem, came back with a
new slogan for Wake county. Mr.
Robert J. Wilson, who was re-elected
president and Mr. E. R. Carroll, pub
licity man, are of the opinion, inas
much as this is headquarters for the
movement, that nothing less than a
union for every Baptist church
Carpenters Strike at Asheville.
Asheville. Between 500 and 608
union carpenters went on strike at
Azalea government tuberculosis san
atorium when the contratcors, Gude
and Company, refused to grant them
an increase of $1.00 on the day.
The men are asking 62 1-2 cents
for eight hours and time and 8
half for overtime. They have been
receiving 50 cents an hour. The con
tractors told the carpenters that th
matter would be put up to the govern
ment for settlement.
Centenarian Dead at Salisbury.
Salisbury. Patrick Shee, an Jrish-
who came to this country
many years ago and had been
living on the granite belt in Rowan
county for a Ion gtime, is dead-at an
age that approximates 100 years, al
though no one knows just how old he
was. Shee livfid a life apart. He had
very little to say to anyone and his
past history as well as his business
and personal affairs was a closed book.
He had a small quarry leased and
NEWS, TRYON, N; 0.
ALIEN IS ARRESTED
Employe in Bakery Charged With
Jttering ScurriHous nd Abusive
Raleieh. Federal authorities here"
have made what is probably the first
arrest in North Carcltria upon an in
dictment for a violation of the
amendment to the espionage law
passed by Congress May 6 and Ernest
A. Reithchel, subject pf the Kaiser,
is under bail for his appearance be
fore United States '2 Commissioner
Batchelor. Reitchel lis particularly
charged with "uttering 'scurrilious and
abusive language intended to bring
the military forces of the United
States into contempt, scorn and disre
Reitchel, at the timej of his arrest,
was in the employ of Breton's bakery,
having coma to Raleigh a few week
ago from Southern Pines where h
had been employed intone of the re
sort hotels. The particular offense
named in the federal Warrant served
on him grew out of a rjmark he made
to spectators on Fayetteville street
several nights ago when a number of
colored troops were passing through
Raleigh. He is alleged1 to have said
that "they will never do Germany a
d n bit of harm."
Back of the charge preferred here,
Mie authorities state, this alien enemy
has several other complaints against
him that have been , converted into
evidence since his arrest on the war
rant issued by the U. S. commission
er. He registered in ; Boston, Mass.,
as an alien enemy and later obtained
a permit from the United States mar
shal in that city to move his residence
to Southern Pines in order that he
might accept a position with one of
the hotels there. At Southern Pines,
it is alleged, that he engaged In heat
ed arguments at times and made re
marks detrimental to, this govern-
Sevcral witnesses will be brought
here from Southern "Pines to testify
against him, among them Mrs. Perk
ins, proprietor of one of the hotels
where Reitchel worked. It is under
stood that at Southern Pines Reitchel
had expressed his purpose to "blow the
hotel to hell." Similar remarks are
alleged to have been made by him
with reefrence to the Bretsch bakery.
Bee Industry , Rapidly Growing.
Raleigh. C. L. Sams, the state ex
pert for the promotion of bee-keeping
In North Carolina, isf just back from
a trip to eastera' Carpiina points for
oonfe-rences with beekeepers. At
Lumberton he met the largest number
cf beekepers he has yet seen assem
Md in . the state, there having been
fifty odd. Dr. Kerr, wjho is greatly in
terested in quickening the interest in
bees all over Robeson, county, i3 stir
ring much interest as? county agent,
and beekeepers are coming rapidly to
the realization of tha-advantages of
changing from the old box of "gum"
hives to the improved' hives.
At Wilmington Mr. Sams was met
by 31 beekeepers and he met with
largely attended beelkeepers' conven
tions at Burgaw, Chadbourn and other
points. He finds thatthe honey flow
in that section of the state this season
has been fairly goodtand the quality
of the honey that the; beekeepers have
"harvested" is veryj good, nad the
bees, from all. report's, are gratifying
ly free from any sort of infection.
There is every indication that it will
be a very short time now before the
improved methods of beekeeping will
prevail all through the state, and at
least a few hives of bees will be re
garded as an indispensable adjunct
to every well orderedfeountry home.
N. C Pharmceutial Asociation.
Raleigh. The meeting of the North
Carolina Pharmaceutical Association
came to a close with he informal get
together meeting ard' dance at the
Country Club. S. E.f Wei fare of Wln-
ston-Salem was elected presient of the
association. The. offces of secretary
a.r;d treasurer were consolidated and
J. G. Beard of Chapel. Hill was elected
to fill the position,! The executive
cmomittee was re-elected as a whole
The association wiUi meet next year
at Wrtehtsville. ThG assocl o'tanpsc-
at Wr'ghtsville. Thej.association pur
chased $200 worth Of War Savings
Sjtamps. j ; p
Cape Fear River Wheat.
Favotteville. The rst load of 1918
whea traised in Cumberland county
was broueht to the local market by
T. J. Young, a colored farmer. The
wheat was grown oh'Cape Fear River
lands, and it is re diys earlier in
reaching the marVe han anv wheat
brought to Fayetteville In 20 years
The load was not a large one. but will
make about three barrels of flofiuflr. It
is stafed by those in touch with the
situation that there an encouraging
outlook for a good lartre wheat crop in
Cumberland county; this year.
Encouraging Sale"f War Stamps
Greensboro. The campaign in Guil
ford to sell war stamps has begun and
splendid progress 1 reported. Thos.
R. Foust is chairman of the commit
tee for Guilford county, and he has
enlisted seme of the: beet workers in
1 fhe county with him-for the big drive
The county has been divided into
units, using the school istrlct as the
basis unit, and the amount that each
unit should subscribe has been appor
tioned. Greensboro Itself must buy
$346,016 if she ia to do her part.
AND UTTER ROUT
THE FIRST AUSTRIAN OFFENSIVE
HAS ENDED IN COMPLETE
AND DIRE FAILURE.
IN IHBEAT ALL ALONG LINE
Losses Are Estimated As Already
180,000 Men and Additional Heavy
The first phase of he Austrian of
fensive has ended in failure in de
feat. The culmination of what was
Intended to be the crushing of Italy
between the jaws of the Austrian pin
cers ,is the rout of the Invaders them
From the Montello nlatpan tn thn i
Adriatic sea the enemy is in retreat. !
Already his losses are estimated at
180,000 men and the chances, of his
escape without additional neavy cas-
ualties and men made prisoner seem
Large numbers of the pontoon
bridges thatt the Austrians threw
across the Piave have, been swept
away by the now torrential stream,
and on all the sectors of the 33 mile
front where they gained edges of( the
Venetitian plain they are being sorely
harassed by the fire of the Italian
guns and rifles and by the machine
gunfire and bombs of the allied avia
tors who have done such notable ex
ecution since the drive started.
Monster preparations have been
made by the Austrians for what was
to be the death blow to King Victor
Emmanuel's men. Thousands upon
thousand of men, many of them
brought from the Russian and Ru
manian fronts and guns and stores In
tremendous quantities had been par
celled among the various command
ers for the drive over a battle arc of
virtually 100 miles, running from the
Asiago plateau to the Piave river and
then following that stream to the seV
Undoubtedly, the Austrian high
command had built; largely for suc
cess on the belief that the ' Italian
morale had been, shattered when last
year their great pincers closed in upon
the Italian front and forced back the
line in a great semi-circle from the
Julian Alps to the Piave and from the !
mountains in the north almost to the
plains of Venetia.
NAVY RECRUITING IS ACTIVE
AND RESULTS SATISFACTORY
Washington. The appearance of
German submarines off the Atlantic
coast and the exploits of the marines
in France have so stimulated recruit
ing that the enlisted personnel of the
navy now totals 450,00026,285 offi
cers and 423,808 men.
Secretary Daniels announced that
enlistments in the naval reserve the
first week of this month when it be
came known that the sea wolves were
preying on shipping off the American
coast, totalled 14,406, a record for this
branch of the service, while in the
following week 12,308 men were add
ed. The enlistments, the secretary
said, are continuing at a rapid rate
and indications are that June will be
a banner month.
Enlistments in the marine corps
have brought the total strength of the
corps to approximately 50,000 men.
Recruiting is proceeding so briskly at
the stations throughout, the country
that officials anticipate nb difficulty
in speedily bringing'.the corps' strength
to the 75.500 authorized in the naval
appropriation bill now before Con
gross. The enlisted strength of the vari
ous branches of the naval service
were given by Mr. Daniels as follows:
Regular navy: Officcers, 9,204; en
listad men. 205,798.
Naval reserves: Officers, 14,704;
enlisted men, 148,505.
Marine corps: Officers, 1,364; en
listed men, 48,505
National naval reserves: Officers
785; enlisted men,tl5,000.
Coast guard: Officers, 228; enlisted
REPORT BY GEN. PERSHING
ON AMERICAN CASUALTIES
Washington. -Casualties in the
American army oveVseas thus far re
ported by General Pershing, including
the list made public, total 8,634 as
compared with 8.085 a week ago.
Casualties among the marines with
the expeditionary forces are not in
cluded in this list.
With some ,900,000 men now in
France, the small number of deaths
from disease reported is considered
ENTIRE AUSTRIAN CABINET
SUBMITS 'TS RESIGNATION
Amsterdam. The Austrian cabinet
decided on a collective resignation', ac
cording to advices received from
Vienna. . .
Paris. Havas Agency.) After a
meeting with Emperor Charles, of
Austria, says a dispatch from Zurich
Switzerland. Premier Seydler present
ed the resignation of the entire Atis
tlaft cabinet. The j emperor saM h
would decide Sunday whether to ac
cept the resignation.
(Conducted by National Council of the
Boy Scouts of America.)
BRITISH SCOUTS' WAR WORK
Harry Lauder, the famous Scotch
comedian, on his recent appearance In
Omaha, N.eb., said of the work of the
scouts In England :
"There are at present 240,000 boy
scouts engaged in work In England
that hitherto had been performed by
men. Their work is such that a well
trained boy can accomplish as well as
a weil-traiied man. Carrying mes
sages across the country, helping
wounded soldiers after their return
from the battle front and a thousand
other things keep the lads busy all the
time. They; are an important factor in
England's destiny. The British boy
scout Is doln& a reat work today ia
the service of his country
A he man' the so,ldiJr' s the bul1'
me iciieu mere are tu,wu ui. uieso
boys actively guarding Britain. With
their keen little eyes and their quest
for romance and excitement they are
playing a great part in guarding our
"To be a boy scout Is to be a discip
lined good boy. Good boys make good
men, good ! men make good citizens,
and a good citizen is always respected.
Every boy as well as every man must
do his best today for his country.
SCOUTS AIDING THE NAVY.
Immediately following the declara
tion of war steps were taken to effec
tively organize, along lines similar to
the coast guard work of the Boy
Scouts of England, older boys special
ly selected In order that there might
be available a resource for use by the
navy ; department, should the occasion
Special organizations were perfect
ed covering a large part of the Atlan
tic ctkast line, and in each case the boy
enroWing secured special permission of
his parents. All of their work was
The boys agreed to hold themselves
j ! readiness for any emergency call.
They also undertook to make a careful
survey of the actual conditions In a
definitely prescribed territory so that
there , niight be available information
as to the full resources : of the com
munity in case of disaster, including a
! list of all houses suitable for hospital
purposes, names of all. doctors, Infor
mation about all automobiles, motor
boats, etc., which might be of service.
In addition to this, In some of the
naval districts, boy scouts co-operated
in the early days of the war in locating
unlawful wireless stations.
WHAT FOREIGN SCOUTS DO.
We must produce food as never be
fore to keep America for Americans.
Secretary Houston urges the boy
scouts to double their production of
food in 1918. It can be done. The
scouts of every country In the world
have made good.
Belgian boys carried dispatches
through the very enemy's lines when
the most skillfully trained soldier cou
riers failed. Belgian scouts gave up
their lives rather than betray the se
crets of their country.
French and English scouts have
many times secured information abso
lutely necessary for the safety of their
Certain it is that American boys
would live up to the records made by
these European scouts, even to the giv
ing up of their lives if their country
needed these supreme sacrifices.
American scouts, scoutmasters and
scout commissioners already are in the
trenches of Liberty's front lines de
fending civilization's freedom from
GEN. STRONG LIKES SCOUTS.
Ih a letter written by Maj. Gen. F. S.
Strong, commander of the "Sunshine,"
or Fortieth division, at Camp Kearny,
Cal., to President Frank von Tesmar
of the Coronado boy scouts, he says :
"A previous engagement makes It
impossible for me to be with.you. This
is regretted particularly, because I
have always had a great interest In the
boy scout movement. I have had occa
sion to observe the'm In many parts of
the country, and have noted their effi
cieicy wherever they were called on
"In Honolulu they were invaluable
In handling many details of the. carni
val and were highly praised by the gov
ernor.and officers of the association.
"The 'boy scouts as an association
stand for everything that is honorable
and patriotic, and they deserve com
mendation of all for the work they
SCOUTS ARE LIFE-SAVERS.
v If the scout's willingness to help
others were not backed up by scout
knowledge and ability, his "daily good
turn' would have more of kindness
than of genuine service to others In it.
As It is, the application of what each
scout must know covers service to
others going all the way from answer
ing questions and pointing out direc
tions and giving first aid, even to the
saving of life.
Scouts in Long Branch, N. J., saved
a man from drowning In a welL